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RNS
Tesco PLC  -  TSCO   

Interim Results 2018/19

Released 07:00 03-Oct-2018

RNS Number : 7675C
Tesco PLC
03 October 2018
 

STEP UP IN SECOND QUARTER DRIVEN BY UK & ROI

 

On a continuing operations basis

 

1H

2018/19*

 

1H 2017/18

(restated -

IFRS 15)1

 

 

Change at

constant rates

 

Change at
actual rates

Headline measures2:                                                                              

 

 

 

 

 

Group sales3

£28.3bn

£25.2bn

 

12.5%

12.8%

Group operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles4

£933m

£750m

 

23.9%

24.4%

Diluted EPS before exceptional and other items5

6.36p

5.37p

 

 

18.4%

Interim dividend per share

1.67p

1.00p

 

 

67.0%

Retail operating cash flow6

£1,123m

£1,139m

 

 

(1.4)%

Net debt6,7

£(3,126)m

£(3,260)m

 

 

4.1% lower

Statutory measures:

Revenue

£31.7bn

£28.3bn

 

          11.8%

12.0%

Operating profit

£819m

£876m

 

(6.8)%

(6.5)%

Profit before tax

£564m

£553m

 

2.2%

2.0%

Diluted EPS

     4.37p

5.13p

 

 

(14.8)%


*Note: Booker consolidated from 5 March 2018 and included in the 2018/19 figures

 

Headlines

·    Group sales3 of £28.3bn, up 12.8%

-    UK & ROI LFL sales8 up 3.8%, strengthening from 3.5% in 1Q to 4.2% in 2Q

o incl. Tesco UK LFL sales up 2.3% (1Q: 2.1%; 2Q: 2.5%) and Booker LFL sales up 14.7%  (1Q: 14.3%; 2Q: 15.1%)

o significant investment in 'Exclusively at Tesco' brands; roll-out 81% complete

-    Central Europe LFL sales declined by (1.5)% due to impact of Sunday trading regulations

-    Asia LFL sales decline reduced from (9.0)% in 1Q to (4.8)% in 2Q following annualisation of bulk-selling impact; Government-issued welfare cards continue to impact sales in Thailand by c.(2)%

·    Group operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles4 up 24.4% to £933m

-    UK & ROI profit of £685m, up 47.6%; incl. first-time consolidation of £97m Booker profit and £16m synergies

-    Central Europe profit of £59m, down (3.3)% reflecting £9m profit on property-related items in prior year

-    Asia profit of £100m, down (29.1)% due to combined impact of sales deleverage, price investment and renegotiation of promotional investment

-    Bank profit of £89m, up 6.0% mainly due to increased income and ongoing cost reductions

·    Group operating margin4 of 2.94% (+29bps); margin of 3.02% excl. Tesco Direct

·    Retail operating cash flow6 of £1.1bn, down (1.4)% (up 10.8% before £(139)m timing impact of P&H failure last year)

·    £404m retail free cash flow (after net outflow of £(139)m relating to market purchase of shares)

·    Interim dividend of 1.67p, up 67% year-on-year; on track to deliver c.2.0x EPS cover in the medium-term

·    Statutory revenue up 12.0% to £31.7bn; operating profit down (6.5)% to £819m; profit before tax up 2.0% to £564m

 

Further progress against each of our six strategic drivers

·    Brand health9 continues to strengthen; quality perception +3.6 points10

·    In-year cost savings of £241m; savings of £1.1bn to date towards £1.5bn target

·    Generated £1.1bn of retail operating cash6; net debt of £(3.1)bn is after £(766)m Booker cash consideration

·    Improving the mix across geographies, channels and product; focus on sustainable general merchandise categories by closing Tesco Direct; on track to achieve 3.5-4.0% margin ambition11 by 2019/20

·    Released a further £134m value12 from property; further buyback (Cirencester Extra) announced Sept 2018

·    Innovations including 5,038 of 10,000 own brand products re-launched; eight new 'Exclusively at Tesco' brands; launched 'Jack's' as part of celebrating 100 years of great value at Tesco

 

Dave Lewis, Chief Executive:

"We have made a good start to the year.  The step up in Q2 is driven mainly by the UK & ROI and delivers our eleventh consecutive quarter of growth.

At the same time, we have made further strategic progress.  We completed our merger with Booker in March and are delighted with performance so far.  We announced a strategic alliance with Carrefour in July which goes live this month.  And we are now more than half-way through the biggest own brand re-launch in our nearly 100-year history, including a significant investment in over 300 new 'Exclusively at Tesco' products at market-leading prices.

We are firmly on track to deliver our medium-term ambitions and are continuing to improve the quality and value of our offer for customers in all of our markets.  In doing so, we are well-positioned to deliver strong, sustainable returns for shareholders."

 

Serving shoppers a little better every day

 

Like-for-like sales performance8

 

 

1H

2017/18

2H

2017/18

FY

2017/18

 

1Q

2018/19

2Q

2018/19

 

1H

2018/19

UK & ROI

2.1%

2.4%

2.3%

 

3.5%

4.2%

 

3.8%

   Tesco UK

2.2%

2.3%

2.2%

 

2.1%

2.5%

 

2.3%

   ROI

1.1%

4.3%

2.7%

 

3.0%

3.1%

 

3.1%

   Booker

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

14.3%

15.1%

 

14.7%

Central Europe

0.1%

0.6%

0.3%

 

(1.0)%

(2.0)%

 

(1.5)%

Asia

(8.3)%

(11.8)%

(10.0)%

 

(9.0)%

(4.8)%

 

(7.0)%

Group

0.8%

0.6%

0.7%

 

1.8%

2.7%

 

2.2%

 

 

Headline Group results

 

A full Group income statement can be found on page 13.
 

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

 

On a continuing operations basis

1H

2018/19

 

1H

2017/18

(restated)1

 

Year-on-year change

(Constant

exchange rates)

 

Year-on-year change

(Actual

exchange rates)

Group sales (exc. VAT, exc. fuel)3

£28,294m

 

£25,163m

 

12.5%

 

12.8%

Fuel

£3,440m

 

£3,176m

 

8.2%

 

8.3%

Revenue (exc. VAT, inc. fuel)

£31,734m

 

£28,339m

 

11.8%

 

12.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles4

UK & ROI

Central Europe

Asia

Tesco Bank

 

£933m

£685m

£59m

£100m

£89m

 

 

£750m

£464m

£61m

£141m

£84m

 

 

23.9%

47.0%

(4.9)%

(29.1)%

6.0%

 

 

24.4%

47.6%

(3.3)%

(29.1)%

        6.0%

Include exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

 

£(114)m

 

 

£126m

 

 

 

 

 

Group operating profit

£819m

 

£876m

 

(6.8)%

 

(6.5)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group profit before tax before exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments

£806m

 

£566m

 

 

 

42.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group statutory profit before tax

£564m

 

£553m

 

 

 

2.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted EPS before exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments

6.36p

 

5.37p

 

 

 

18.4%

Diluted EPS

4.37p

 

5.13p

 

 

 

 

Basic EPS

4.40p

 

5.13p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share

1.67p

 

1.00p

 

 

 

67.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capex13

£0.4bn

 

£0.4bn

 

 

 

 

Net debt6,7

£(3.1)bn

 

£(3.3)bn

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from retail operations6

£1.1bn

 

£1.1bn

 

 

 

 

Notes

1. Last half-year figures restated for impact of IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers'.  Impacts include a £(9)m reduction in revenue and operating profit.

2. The Group has defined and outlined the purpose of its alternative performance measures, including its headline measures, in the Glossary starting on page 49.

3. Group sales exclude VAT and fuel. Sales growth shown on a comparable days basis and includes an adjustment to last year's figures to reflect a change in the reporting of consignment sales.

4. Excludes amortisation of acquired intangibles and excludes exceptional items by virtue of their size and nature in order to reflect management's view of the performance of the Group.

5. Headline earnings per share measure excludes exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments.  Full details of this measure can be found in Note 9, starting on page 34.

6. Net debt, retail operating cash flow and retail free cash flow exclude the impact of Tesco Bank in order to provide further analysis of the retail cash flow statement.

7. Net debt includes both continuing and discontinued operations.

8. Like-for-like is a measure of growth in online sales and sales from stores that have been open for at least a year (at constant foreign exchange rates).

9. As per YouGov BrandIndex (customers recommend) August 2018.

10. Reflects year-on-year change in YouGov Brand perception measure of quality.

11. Ambition announced in October 2016 and excludes Booker.  Booker contributed 9bps of the Group margin accretion in the half.

12. Value released from property relates to gross proceeds from property disposals in the half.

13. Capex is shown excluding property buybacks. Statutory capital expenditure (including property buybacks) for the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 was £0.4bn (LY £0.6bn).

 

Creating value for our key stakeholders

We have continued to make further good progress in the half, guided by the six strategic drivers that we set out in October 2016, as we create long-term and sustainable value for our key stakeholders.

Customers

·    189,500 more customers are shopping at Tesco1

·    continued improvement in Brand perception - quality up 3.6 pts, with stable value perception 

·    more than half-way through own brand re-launch; roll out to be largely complete by end-February

·    significant investment in eight new 'Exclusively at Tesco' brands; already shopped by 51% of customers

·    launched partnership with Jamie Oliver to make it easier for customers to eat well and live healthier lives

·     Tesco customers now able to access Booker products: top 30 Booker products now rolled out to 70 Tesco stores; integrated Booker offer in Gallions Reach to be rolled out to eight more stores

·    voted 'Britain's Favourite Supermarket' by customers for the fourth year running

·    launched 'Jack's' - a new brand and store format - as part of celebrating 100 years of great value at Tesco

Colleagues

·    84% of colleagues recommend Tesco as a great place to work; scores improved in all markets

·    implemented second stage of two-year, 10.5% hourly pay increase for UK store colleagues in July 2018

·    continuing commitment to colleague health; over 17,000 colleagues benefited from mental health e-learning

·    conducted UK's largest ever workplace health survey, with over 8,000 colleagues taking part

·    new partnership with The Prince's Trust, helping 10,000 young people to develop skills and employability

·    opened 'Heart' building in Welwyn Garden City in May, bringing together innovation and learning capability

Supplier partners

·    retailer with most improved supplier relationships for third successive year in June 2018 GCA survey

·    Supplier Viewpoint measure improved 330bps year-on-year to 74.7% for the Group

·    ranked first for the third successive year in the independently-run Advantage supplier survey

·    suppliers now accessing faster UK sales growth; joint Tesco Booker terms agreed with top 60 suppliers

·    working together with suppliers to remove hard-to-recycle materials from all packaging by 2019, moving towards creating a closed loop approach

·    established our tenth Sustainable Farming Group, with 1,600 beef farmers in the UK now benefiting from 12 month contracts that guarantee above-market prices

·    worked alongside 358 of our existing suppliers to create new 'Jack's' brand with 1,800 products

Shareholders

·    operating margin of 2.94%, up 29bps year-on-year; margin of 3.02% excluding Tesco Direct

·    generated £1.1bn of retail operating cash flow (up 10.8% before £(139)m timing impact of P&H failure last year)

·    retail free cash flow of £404m (after net outflow of £(139)m relating to market purchase of shares)

·    announced interim dividend of 1.67p per share; targeting around two times EPS cover in medium term

·    continue to take steps to strategically re-position the Group: Booker contributing to faster growth as planned; entered into long-term, strategic alliance with Carrefour; closure of Tesco Direct in July

·    Booker delivering synergies; £16m in first half and on track to deliver at least £60m in full-year

Looking ahead

We remain firmly on track to deliver the medium-term ambitions set out in October 2016: to reduce our costs by £1.5bn, to generate £9bn of retail cash from operations and to improve Group operating margins to between 3.5% and 4.0% by 2019/20.  In addition, we will continue to strengthen the balance sheet and place increasing focus on growth in earnings and free cash flow generation.

We continue to maintain a disciplined approach to capital.  Capital expenditure for the year is now expected to be no more than £1.2bn.  Going forward, we expect annual capital expenditure to remain between £1.1bn and £1.4bn.

In Thailand, the combined effects of sales deleverage, price investment and renegotiation of promotional investment as we reposition our offer have impacted Asian profits in the first half.  We expect this impact to continue in the second half as we maintain our investment in price in order to position the business for growth in a competitive and challenging market.

As planned, we anticipate that synergies associated with our merger with Booker will generate a benefit of at least £60m this year, growing to a cumulative c.£140m in 2019/20 and c.£200m by 2020/21.

1. KantarWorldpanel UK data for the 52 weeks ending 9 September 2018.

 

Financial Results

Sales:

On a continuing operations basis

UK & ROI1

Central Europe2

Asia3

Tesco Bank

Group

Sales

(exc. VAT, exc. fuel)

£22,399m

£2,983m

£2,365m

£547m

£28,294m

change at constant exchange rates4 %

17.7%

(3.5)%

(5.0)%

4.2%

12.5%

change at actual exchange rates4 %

17.7%

(2.7)%

(4.1)%

4.2%

12.8%

incl. first-time contribution of Booker 

15.6%

-

-

-

11.8%

Like-for-like sales (exc. VAT, exc. fuel)

3.8%

(1.5)%

(7.0)%

-

2.2%

Statutory revenue

(exc. VAT, inc. fuel)

£25,706m

£3,116m

£2,365m

£547m

£31,734m

Includes: Fuel

£3,307m

£133m

-

-

£3,440m

1.  UK & ROI consists of Tesco UK, ROI and Booker. Booker consolidated from 5 March.

2. Central Europe consists of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.

3. Asia consists of Thailand and Malaysia.

4. Sales change shown between 1H 2017/18 and 1H 2018/19 on a comparable days basis and includes an adjustment to last year's figures to reflect a change in
    the reporting of consignment sales; statutory Group sales change was 12.2% at constant exchange rates and 12.4% at actual exchange rates.

Group sales grew by 12.5% at constant exchange rates with like-for-like growth of 2.2%.  At actual exchange rates, sales grew by 12.8% including a 0.3% foreign exchange translation benefit due to the depreciation of Sterling.  Booker was consolidated into the Group from 5 March, contributing 11.8% to Group sales growth.  Further information on sales performance is included in Appendices 1 to 3 on page 55 of this statement.

In the UK and the Republic of Ireland (ROI), like-for-like sales growth improved from 3.5% in the first quarter to 4.2% in the second quarter.  In Tesco UK, like-for-like sales grew by 2.3% in the half and we gained 189,500 customers in the course of the last year.  We are now more than half-way through the re-launch of 10,000 own brand products, initially focused on fresh food, and we expect the programme to be largely complete by the end of February.  In addition, more than half of our customers have now bought at least one product from our eight new 'Exclusively at Tesco' brands, including 'Eastman's Deli', 'Hearty Food Co.' and 'Ms Molly's'.  We have made a significant investment in lowering the price of these ranges, enabling us to offer our customers great quality food and market-leading value.

We continue to refine our range of general merchandise, focusing on sustainable categories that complement the grocery shop and deliver a simpler, more profitable business.  As a result, we have reduced the number of products by a further 15% since the start of the year.  Overall general merchandise like-for-like sales declined by (4.8)%, contributing c.(0.3)% to UK like-for-like sales as a whole, driven by selectively reducing certain categories such as Electrical, Media and Entertainment.  Areas of focus such as Home and Seasonal continue to perform well, growing like-for-like sales by 3.6% combined.  Our decision to close Tesco Direct from 9 July 2018 reflects our focus on achieving sustainable profitability.  Our like-for-like sales performance has been adjusted to remove the impact of the closure from July onwards.

Clothing like-for-like sales outperformed the market with growth of 2.4%.  Growth in menswear was particularly pleasing with a good customer response to our World Cup ranges.  Improved stock routines and a strong summer season contributed to our lowest-ever level of realised markdown across the clothing business.

All store formats and channels achieved like-for-like sales growth, with our large store business growing at 1.8% and our online grocery sales up 3.5% supported by increasing customer numbers.  Growth in like-for-like sales of 14.7% at Booker (13.3% growth excluding tobacco) reflects a strong performance across the business as a whole.  It includes particularly strong growth in symbol group sales and the benefit of new contract wins secured during the fourth quarter last year.

In ROI, like-for-like sales grew by 3.1% as we continue to gain customers and extend our market-leading position.  Own brand volumes increased by 9.0% as customers responded to an increasingly competitive offer.

In Central Europe, changes to Sunday trading regulations in Poland resulted in thirteen fewer trading days in the first half, impacting like-for-like sales for the region as a whole by (1.2)%.  We have continued to exit unprofitable stores in the region, with 18 store closures in Poland earlier in the year contributing to an overall sales reduction of (3.5)% at constant exchange rates.  We announced the closure of a further 13 Polish stores in August.

In Asia, our like-for-like sales performance improved from (9.0)% in the first quarter to (4.8)% in the second quarter following the annualisation of our decision to remove bulk-selling.  However, we are continuing to see a sales impact of nearly (2)% in Thailand from the issuance of Government welfare cards which cannot be redeemed in modern retail chains.  In addition, we have made significant changes to our sales mix and promotional strategy.  Combined with the deflationary effect of our own price investment in a highly competitive and challenging Thai market, this has resulted in some continued volatility in our like-for-like sales as we move into the third quarter.

Group statutory revenue of £31.7bn grew by 12.0% year-on-year and includes fuel sales of £3.4bn.

 

Operating profit:

On a continuing operations basis

UK & ROI

Central Europe

Asia

Tesco Bank

Group

Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£685m

£59m

£100m

£89m

£933m

change at constant exchange rates %

47.0%

(4.9)%

(29.1)%

6.0%

23.9%

change at actual exchange rates %

47.6%

(3.3)%

(29.1)%

6.0%

24.4%

Operating profit margin before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

2.66%

1.89%

4.23%

16.27%

2.94%

change at constant exchange rates (basis points)

55bp

(2)bp

(133)bp

27bp

29bp

change at actual exchange rates (basis points)

56bp

(1)bp

(137)bp

27bp

29bp

Operating profit

£613m

£38m

£100m

£68m

£819m


Group operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles was £933m, up 23.9% on last year at constant exchange rates and up 24.4% at actual rates.  Statutory operating profit of £819m includes the impact of exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, which are described in more detail below and in Note 4 on page 31 of this statement.

UK & ROI operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles was £685m, up 47.6%, with operating margin growth of 56 basis points year-on-year.  Booker is consolidated in these numbers from 5 March 2018 and made an operating profit in the half of £97m.  Excluding Booker operating profit, UK & ROI operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles was up 26.7%. 

We have already delivered £16m of the synergies identified in the Booker merger process and are well on track to deliver at least £60m in the full year.  Suppliers are benefiting from access to our combined sales growth and we have now completed negotiations of new terms with our top 60 suppliers.  Tesco Magor and Middleton distribution centres are now being used by Booker to support growth, utilise spare capacity and enable us to reduce the lead time on orders for Booker customers.  In addition, we have consolidated a number of core business services across Tesco UK and Booker.

Our cost savings programme is progressing well in the UK as we continue to deliver efficiencies across our store operating model.  Our strategic focus on maximising the mix within our business led to the closure of Tesco Direct in July.  The operating loss relating to Tesco Direct was £(23)m in the first half with one-off closure costs of £(57)m treated as an exceptional item.

Central Europe operating profit before exceptional items was £59m, down £(2)m year-on-year at actual exchange rates.  The reduction reflects the inclusion of £9m profit on property-related items in the prior year.  We are making good progress with the implementation of our cross-European cost reduction programme.  However, in Poland, the ongoing loss of two trading days per month led to reduced volume in the half and resulted in significant operational de-leverage.  Poland remains the only loss-making market within the Group, contributing a drag of £(32)m on Central European profitability in the first half.  We closed 18 loss-making stores in Poland in the half and announced a further 13 store closures in August 2018.

Asia operating profit before exceptional items was £100m, down (29.1)% at both constant and actual exchange rates.  In addition to operational deleverage resulting from the sales disruption mentioned above, profits in Thailand have been impacted by a significant price investment as we reposition our customer offer and the temporary effect of renegotiating promotional investment from suppliers into everyday low prices for customers.  We expect this impact to continue in the second half as we maintain our investment in price in order to position the business for growth in a competitive and challenging market.

Further information on operating profit performance is included in Note 2, starting on page 23 of this statement.

 

Property-related items in operating profit:

 

This year

Last year

Profits/(losses) arising on property-related items

£(8)m

£33m

Exceptional property gains

£13m

£65m

Total profits arising on property-related items

£5m

£98m

Across the Group, £(8)m of net operating losses before exceptional items arose from a number of small property-related items.  The year-on-year movement is driven by profits on the disposal of a development site in Welwyn Garden City in the UK and a department store in the Czech Republic included last year.

An exceptional profit of £13m has arisen from disposals within the UK.  The year-on-year movement is driven by two transactions last year including the development of our Hackney store as part of our 'air-rights' programme and the unwind of our joint venture with British Land where we regained ownership of seven large stores.

Further detail on exceptional property transactions and property-related items can be found in Note 4 on page 31 of this statement.

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles in operating profit:

 

This Year

Last Year

Tesco Direct closure costs

£(57)m

-

Net restructuring and redundancy costs

£(22)m

£(63)m

Provision for customer redress

£(7)m

-

Release of amounts provided in relation to FCA obligations

£15m

-

Property transactions

£13m

£65m

Tesco Bank FCA provision

Profit on the sale of Lazada

£(16)m

-

-

£124m

Total exceptional items in operating profit

£(74)m

£126m

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets

£(40)m

-

Total exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles in operating profit

£(114)m

£126m

Exceptional items are excluded from our headline performance measures by virtue of their size and nature in order to reflect management's view of the performance of the Group.

In the first half, these include charges of £(57)m incurred as a result of the closure of our loss-making online general merchandise business, Tesco Direct.  In addition, we have provided £(22)m restructuring costs largely in relation to announced store closures in Poland. 

Higher claim rates than previously estimated in respect of Payment Protection Insurance have driven an increase of £(7)m in our provision for customer redress at Tesco Bank.

We have released £15m of the amounts provided in relation to the Shareholder Compensation Scheme in the first half, as we continue to process outstanding claims submitted before the 22 February 2018 deadline.  As mentioned above, exceptional profits on property transactions of £13m have arisen from disposals in the UK.

We have also made a provision of £(16)m in relation to a settlement payment agreed with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) following an online fraudulent attack on Tesco Bank in November 2016.

Further detail on exceptional items can be found in Note 4 on page 31 of this statement.

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets is excluded from our headline performance measures.  Our combination with Booker resulted in the recognition of a £755m intangible asset, driving amortisation of acquired intangible assets of £(40)m in the first half.  More detail can be found in Notes 4 and 19 on pages 31 and 45 respectively.

In total, the net effect of exceptional items and acquired intangibles amortisation on operating profit in the first half was £(114)m.  This compares to a net credit of £126m last year, including £124m profit on the sale of Lazada in June 2017.

Joint ventures and associates:

 

This year

Last year

Share of post-tax profits from JVs and associates before exceptional items

 

£20m

£12m

Exceptional items: Share of property disposal gain in Gain Land

£11m

-

Share of post-tax profits from JVs and associates

£31m

£12m

Our share of post-tax profits from joint ventures and associates before exceptional items was £20m, an increase of £8m year-on-year due to an improved performance in Gain Land, our associate in China.  An exceptional gain of £11m was also recognised on our share of profits from a mall disposal in Gain Land.

 

Finance income and finance costs:

The following table sets out the components of net finance costs. 

 

This year

Last year

Interest payable on medium term notes, loans and bonds

£(134)m

£(194)m

Interest receivable on associated derivatives

£7m

£15m

Net interest on medium term notes, loans and bonds

£(127)m

£(179)m

Other interest receivable and similar income

£7m

£17m

Other finance charges and interest payable

£(28)m

£(35)m

Capitalised interest

£1m

£1m

Net finance costs before exceptional charges, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments

£(147)m

£(196)m

Fair value remeasurements of financial instruments

£(94)m

£10m

Net pension finance costs

£(45)m

£(81)m

Exceptional charge - translation of Korea proceeds

-

£(68)m

Net finance costs

£(286)m

£(335)m

 

Net finance costs before exceptional charges, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments reduced by £49m year-on-year to £(147)m.  This improvement year-on-year was mainly driven by a £52m reduction in net interest payable on interest-bearing liabilities, resulting from debt maturities and bond tenders.

The £600m bond tender we undertook in April 2018 reduced interest costs by £10m in the half.  We expect an associated reduction in interest payable of £33m on an annualised basis. 

Net finance costs of £(286)m were £49m lower year-on-year.  Within net finance costs, fair value remeasurements includes £(75)m relating to the premium paid on the repurchase of long-dated bonds.  Net pension finance costs decreased by £36m year-on-year, driven by a lower opening deficit, partly offset by a higher discount rate. 

Last year, an exceptional loss of £(68)m arose on the translation of the proceeds from the sale of our Homeplus business in Korea.  This translation effect, which did not represent an economic cost to the Group, has not arisen again in the current financial year as the funds have since been moved to a Sterling denominated entity.

Further detail on finance income and costs can be found in Note 5 on page 33.

Group tax:

 

This year

Last year

Tax on profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£(160)m

£(116)m

Tax on exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£22m

£(20)m

Tax on profit

£(138)m

£(136)m

Tax on profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles was £(160)m.

As previously indicated, the effective tax rate on profit before exceptional items for the 2018/19 financial year is expected to be around 24%.  This tax rate is higher than the UK statutory rate primarily due to the impact of the 8% supplementary tax surcharge on bank profits and depreciation of assets that do not qualify for tax relief.  We expect the impact of these items on the effective tax rate to reduce as our overall level of profitability continues to increase.  Therefore, along with the additional impact from the UK corporation tax rate reducing by 2% from April 2020, we expect the effective tax rate to reduce to around 20% in the medium term.

On a statutory basis, an exceptional credit of £22m is included and principally relates to the tax on exceptional items contained within operating profit.

Earnings per share:

On a continuing operations basis

This year

Last year

Diluted EPS pre-exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments

6.36p

5.37p

Diluted earnings per share

4.37p

5.13p

Basic earnings per share

4.40p

5.13p

Our diluted earnings per share before exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements of financial instruments was 6.36p, 18.4% higher year-on-year principally due to our stronger profit performance and partially offset by a higher tax charge.  Statutory basic earnings per share from continuing operations were 4.40p, (14.2)% lower year-on-year, reflecting the impact of a net charge in respect of exceptional items this year compared to a net credit last year.

 

Dividend:

Reflecting the continued improvement in the business, the interim dividend has been set at 1.67 pence per ordinary share, an increase of 67% year-on-year.  The interim dividend was approved by the Board of Directors on 2 October 2018.  We anticipate a split of broadly one-third to two-thirds between the interim and final dividend and intend to reach our targeted cover of around two times earnings in the medium term.

The interim dividend will be paid on 23 November 2018 to shareholders who are on the register of members at close of business on 12 October 2018 (the Record Date).  Shareholders may elect to reinvest their dividend in the Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP).  The last date for receipt of DRIP elections and revocations will be 2 November 2018.

 

Pension: 

On an IAS 19 basis, the pension deficit (net of deferred tax) has reduced from £(2.7)bn at 24 February 2018 to £(2.1)bn at the end of the half-year.  The movement in the deficit is primarily attributable to asset performance over the period, in addition to continued deficit contributions.  Three Booker defined benefit schemes are now part of the Group and had a combined deficit of £(22)m on acquisition.  These are all closed to future accrual.

Further information on the Group's pension liability is available in Note 16 on page 42.

 

Summary of total indebtedness1:

 

Aug 2018

Feb 2018

Movement

Net debt (excludes Tesco Bank)

£(3,126)m

£(2,625)m

£(501)m

Discounted operating lease commitments

£(7,202)m

£(6,931)m

£(271)m

Pension deficit, IAS 19 basis (post-tax)

£(2,144)m

£(2,728)m

£584m

Total indebtedness

£(12,472)m

£(12,284)m

£(188)m

1.     Total indebtedness is defined in the glossary, on page 51.

Overall, total indebtedness has increased by £(0.2)bn in the half driven by the £766m Booker cash consideration, partially offset by a reduced pension deficit. 

Retail net debt increased by £(0.5)bn to £(3.1)bn due to the cash outflow relating to our combination with Booker.  Discounted operating lease commitments increased by £(0.3)bn, including the consolidation of £(0.4)bn Booker lease commitments.

As outlined above, on an IAS 19 basis, our pension deficit decreased by £0.6bn primarily as a result of strong asset performance in addition to continued deficit contributions.

Our key credit metrics, which are fixed charge cover and total indebtedness/EBITDAR, have further improved since the end of the last financial year, from 2.7 to 2.9 times and from 3.3 to 3.2 times respectively.

IFRS 16 'Leases' will be effective in the Group financial statements for the accounting period commencing 24 February 2019.  The Group intends to retrospectively adopt the standard, with comparatives restated from a transition date of 25 February 2018.  The standard has no impact on the Group's underlying cash flows.  It is, however, expected to have a significant impact on reported assets, liabilities and the income statement of the Tesco Group, as well as the classification of cash flows relating to lease contracts.  The Group is in the process of finalising this work and setting out related accounting policies and procedures for leases.  Until this work has been carried out, it is not practical to provide a reasonable estimate of the financial effect of IFRS 16.

Summary retail cash flow:

The following table reconciles Group operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles to retail free cash flow.  Further details are included in Note 2, beginning on page 23.

 

This year

Last year

Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£933m

£750m

Less: Tesco Bank operating profit before exceptional items

£(89)m

£(84)m

Retail operating profit from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£844m

£666m

Add back: Depreciation and amortisation

£596m

£599m

Other reconciling items

£1m

£6m

Pension deficit contribution

£(142)m

£(129)m

Underlying (increase) / decrease in working capital

£(29)m

£244m

Retail cash generated from operations before exceptional items

£1,270m

£1,386m

Exceptional cash items:

       Relating to prior years:

          - SFO fine

          - Shareholder Compensation Scheme payments

          - Utilisation of onerous lease provisions

          - Restructuring payments

       Relating to current year:

          - Restructuring payments
          - Other

£(147)m

 

-

£(27)m

£(32)m

£(58)m

 

£(30)m

-

£(247)m

 

£(132)m

£(3)m

£(39)m

£(53)m

 

£(29)m

£9m

Retail operating cash flow

£1,123m

£1,139m

Cash capex

Net interest & tax

£(459)m

£(274)m

£(606)m

£(173)m

Property proceeds

£134m

£138m

Property purchases - store buybacks

Market purchases of shares (net of proceeds)

Acquisitions and disposals and dividends received

Deduct: Booker acquisition1

£(35)m

£(139)m

£(693)m

£747m

£(189)m

£6m

£277m

-

Retail free cash flow2

£404m

£592m

  1   The cost of major acquisitions and disposals are removed from the Group's definition of free cash flow.  Note 19 (p.45) provides a full breakdown of the total Booker acquisition cost. 

  2. Retail free cash flow includes the market purchase of shares (net of proceeds) of £(139)m in relation to share schemes.  Last year's retail free cash flow has been restated by £6m to
      reflect this.

Retail operating cash flow decreased by £(16)m to £1,123m.  As we outlined in April, working capital includes a £(139)m timing impact following the failure of a key supplier (Palmer & Harvey) at the end of the last financial year.  Excluding this impact, retail operating cash flow was up 10.8%.

Exceptional cash items above include £(27)m relating to Shareholder Compensation Scheme payments.  We expect the remaining cash outflow from claims still being processed to total £(18)m and have therefore released £15m of the c.£(60)m provision held on the balance sheet as at 24 February 2018.

We utilised £(32)m of our exceptional onerous lease provision in the half, of which £(3)m related to one-off costs to surrender leases and £(29)m related to ongoing lease agreements.

Cash capital expenditure of £(459)m was down 24.3% year-on-year as we maintained our disciplined approach to capital investment.  Combined net cash interest and tax of £(274)m was £(101)m higher than last year mainly due to the resumption of tax payments in the UK.

We generated £134m of proceeds from property sales, including £66m on a number of small transactions in the UK and £58m relating to two Booker properties.  We completed the buyback of Stroud superstore for £35m in the first half.  Following the end of the first half we have completed the buyback of an additional store, Cirencester Extra, for £57m (net of costs and VAT).

A net cash outflow of £(139)m relating to market purchases of shares follows our commitment to offset any dilution from the issuance of new shares to satisfy the requirements of share schemes.  We expect to utilise a total of around £(150)m cash in this and future years in line with this commitment, with the exact amount dependent on performance.

Acquisitions and disposals of £(693)m includes a £(704)m outflow relating to our merger with Booker in March 2018.  The total cash cost excluded from our retail free cash flow definition is £(747)m, which includes a further £(43)m associated costs recorded within cash generated from operations.  More detail on the breakdown of the cash impact of the Booker combination can be found in note 19 on page 45. 

Capital expenditure and space:

 

UK & ROI

Central Europe

Asia

Tesco Bank

Group

 

This year

Last year

This year

Last year

This year

Last year

This year

Last year

This year

Last year

Capital expenditure

£251m

£282m

£35m

£45m

£109m

£74m

£13m

£26m

£408m

£427m

Openings (k sq ft)

92

52

-

-

314

191

-

-

406

243

Closures (k sq ft)

(157)

(18)

(229)

(166)

(105)

(66)

-

-

(491)

(250)

Repurposed (k sq ft)

-

(16)

(271)

(238)

(167)

(156)

-

-

(438)

(410)

Net space added (k sq ft)

(65)

18

(500)

(404)

42

(31)

-

-

(523)

(417)

Capital expenditure shown in the table above reflects expenditure on ongoing business activities across the Group.  Capital expenditure for the half was £0.4bn, similar to last year.  In the UK & ROI, spend has been focused on the maintenance and refresh of our stores, along with a small number of openings in our convenience format in UK.  In Central Europe, capex relates mainly to the repurpose of our existing stores.  In Asia, our capital spend primarily relates to our new store opening programme in Thailand.

Across Central Europe and Asia, our repurposing programme has contributed a net reduction of (438)k square feet.  In Central Europe we have repurposed (271)k sq. ft. across nine stores, partnering with H&M, Decathlon and Costa Coffee.  In Asia, we have also repurposed nine stores, with the majority in Thailand where we have partnered with Mr.DIY, Echo Game & Karaoke and Cosmo Beauty.

In UK & ROI, we opened eleven stores primarily in our convenience formats in the UK, and closed a further five stores, including two Booker stores in March.  Central Europe had a net reduction of 20 stores, driven largely by the closure of 18 unprofitable stores in Poland.  In Asia, we had a net 39 store openings, primarily related to new store openings in our convenience format in Thailand.

Capital expenditure is expected to increase in the second half mainly due to the timing of maintenance spend in the UK.  Capital expenditure for the full year is now expected to be no more than £1.2bn.

Statutory capital expenditure of £443m includes £35m relating to a property buyback.

Further details of current and forecast space can be found in Appendix 5 starting on page 56. 

 

Tesco Bank:

 

This year

Last year

YoY

Revenue

£547m

£525m

4.2%

Operating profit before exceptional items

£89m

£84m

6.0%

Statutory operating profit

£68m

£84m

(19.0)%

Lending to customers

£12,144m

£10,762m

12.8%

Customer deposits

£10,070m

£8,894m

13.2%

Net interest margin

3.8%

4.0%

(0.2)%

Risk asset ratio

18.2%

19.8%

(1.6)%

Tesco Bank continues to focus on providing simple and straightforward banking and insurance products to customers.  Active customer account numbers have reduced by (1)% year-on-year with growth in credit cards, loans and mortgages more than offset by a decline in car insurance policies, reflecting a highly competitive insurance market.

Operating profit before exceptional items increased by 6.0% year-on-year to £89m driven mainly by increased income and ongoing cost reductions.  Exceptional items of £(21)m relating to Tesco Bank are detailed in Note 4 on page 31 and principally relate to a provision of £(16)m in relation to a settlement payment agreed with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) following an online fraudulent attack on Tesco Bank in November 2016.

Lending balances have grown by 13% year-on-year, with continued focus on secured lending growth.  Mortgage balances have increased by 38% year-on-year and now comprise 29% of the lending portfolio.  Unsecured lending grew by 5.1% to £8.6bn.  The balance sheet remains strong and well-positioned to support future lending growth from both a liquidity and capital perspective with a Risk Asset Ratio of 18.2%.

The Group has adopted IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' for the period ending 25 August 2018.  IFRS 9 has been applied retrospectively at 25 February 2018 by adjusting the opening balance sheet at that date. For Tesco Bank, the adoption of IFRS 9 has resulted in a decrease in total assets of £223m, with a related deferred tax asset of £57m. The overall impact on equity was therefore a reduction of £166m. Further details on the impact of the adoption of this standard are described in Note 23 on page 47.

An income statement for Tesco Bank can be found in Appendix 6 on page 59 of this statement. Balance sheet and cash flow detail for Tesco Bank can be found within Note 2 starting on page 23 of this statement. Tesco Bank's half year results are also published today and are available at www.corporate.tescobank.com.

 

Contacts

 

Investor Relations:

Chris Griffith

01707 912 900

Media:

Jane Lawrie

01707 918 701

 

Philip Gawith, Teneo Blue Rubicon

0207 420 3143

 

This document is available at www.tescoplc.com/interims2018

A meeting for investors and analysts will be held today at 9.00am at London Stock Exchange, 10 Paternoster Square, London, EC4M 7LS.  Access will be by invitation only.  For those unable to attend, there will be a live webcast available on our website at www.tescoplc.com/interims2018.  This will include all Q&A and will also be available for playback after the event.  All presentation materials, including a transcript, will be made available on our website.

 

Additional Disclosures

Principal Risks and Uncertainties

As with any business, effective risk management and controls are critical to successfully achieving the Group's strategy. Tesco has an established risk management process to identify, assess and monitor the principal risks faced by the business. A robust review of those risks that the Group believe could seriously affect its performance, future prospects, reputation or its ability to deliver against its priorities, is performed on a regular basis. The Tesco Board has overall responsibility for risk management and internal controls within the context of achieving the Group's objectives. At the Group level each principal risk has an Executive Owner. The Group Chief Executive has overall accountability for the control and management of risk.

 

The principal risks and uncertainties faced by the Group remain those set out on pages 22 to 25 of our Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018: customer; transformation; liquidity; competition and markets; brand, reputation and trust; technology; data security and data privacy; political, regulatory and compliance; health and safety; people; responsible sourcing and supply chain; Booker synergy realisation and integration; Brexit and Tesco Bank. There have been no significant changes to the description of these principal risks or key controls and mitigating factors in the period.

 

As previously reported on pages 22 to 25 of the Tesco PLC Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018, law firms in the UK have announced the intention of forming claimant groups to commence litigation against the Group for matters arising out of or in connection with its overstatement of expected profits in 2014, and purport to have secured third party funding for such litigation. In this regard, the Group has received two High Court claims against Tesco PLC. The first was received on 31 October 2016 from a group of 112 investors (now reduced to 78 investors) and the second was received on 5 December 2016 from an investment company and a trust company. The merit, likely outcome and potential impact on the Group of any such litigation that either has been or might potentially be brought against the Group is subject to a number of significant uncertainties and therefore, the Group cannot make any assessment of the likely outcome or quantum of any such litigation as at the date of this disclosure.  Further details relating to this matter and the Group's other contingent liabilities can be found in Note 20.

Statement of Directors' Responsibilities

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Interim Results for the 26 week period ended 25 August 2018 in accordance with applicable law, regulations and accounting standards. The Directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge the condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34: 'Interim Financial Reporting', as adopted by the European Union and that the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R and DTR 4.2.8R, namely:

•    an indication of the important events that have occurred during the first 26 weeks of the financial year and their impact on the condensed consolidated interim financial statements, and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining 26 weeks of the financial year; and

 

•    material related party transactions in the first 26 weeks of the year and any material changes in the related party transactions described in the last annual report.

 

The Directors of Tesco PLC are listed on pages 28 & 29 of the Tesco PLC Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018, with the exception of Charles Wilson who was appointed to the Board until 16 July 2018 and Melissa Bethell who joined the Board on 24 September 2018. A list of current directors is maintained on the Tesco PLC website at: www.tescoplc.com.

 

By order of the Board

 

Directors

John Allan* - Chairman

Dave Lewis - Group Chief Executive

Alan Stewart - Chief Financial Officer

Deanna Oppenheimer*- Senior Independent Director

Mark Armour*

Melissa Bethell*

Steve Golsby*

Byron Grote*

Stewart Gilliland*

Mikael Olsson*

Simon Patterson*

Alison Platt*

Lindsey Pownall*

 

*Non-executive Directors

 

Company Secretary

Robert Welch

2 October 2018

This announcement contains inside information which is disclosed in accordance with the Market Abuse Regulations.

Disclaimer

This document may contain forward-looking statements that may or may not prove accurate.  For example, statements regarding expected revenue growth and operating margins, market trends and our product pipeline are forward-looking statements.  Phrases such as "aim", "plan", "intend", "should", "anticipate", "well-placed", "believe", "estimate", "expect", "target", "consider" and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from what is expressed or implied by the statements. Any forward-looking statement is based on information available to Tesco as of the date of the statement. All written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to Tesco are qualified by this caution.  Tesco does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect any change in circumstances.

 

Group income statement

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

26 weeks ended

25 August 2018

26 weeks ended

26 August 2017 (restated*)

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(Note 4)

£m

Total

£m

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(Note 4)

£m

Total

£m

Continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2

31,734

-

31,734

28,339

-

28,339

Cost of sales

 

(29,783)

(86)

(29,869)

(26,757)

(24)

(26,781)

Gross profit/(loss)

 

1,951

(86)

1,865

1,582

(24)

1,558

Administrative expenses

 

(1,010)

(41)

(1,051)

(865)

85

(780)

Profits/(losses) arising on property-related items

 

(8)

13

5

33

65

98

Operating profit/(loss)

 

933

(114)

819

750

126

876

Share of post-tax profits/(losses) of joint ventures and associates

 

20

11

31

12

-

12

Finance income

5

7

-

7

27

-

27

Finance costs

5

(293)

-

(293)

(294)

(68)

(362)

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

667

(103)

564

495

58

553

Taxation

6

(160)

22

(138)

(116)

(20)

(136)

Profit/(loss) for the period from continuing operations

 

507

(81)

426

379

38

417

Discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) for the period from discontinued operations

7

-

-

-

-

211

211

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

507

(81)

426

379

249

628

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owners of the parent

 

507

(81)

426

381

249

630

Non-controlling interests

 

-

-

-

(2)

-

(2)

 

 

507

(81)

426

379

249

628

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings/(losses) per share from continuing and discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

9

 

 

4.40p

 

 

7.72p

Diluted

9

 

 

4.37p

 

 

7.71p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings/(losses) per share from continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

9

 

 

4.40p

 

 

5.13p

Diluted

9

 

 

4.37p

 

 

5.13p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                           

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 and reclassification of derivative interest income as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

Group statement of comprehensive income/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

(restated*)

£m

Items that will not be reclassified to income statement

 

 

 

Remeasurements on defined benefit pension schemes

 

639

3,639

Tax on items that will not be reclassified

 

(108)

(615)

 

 

531

3,024

Items that may subsequently be reclassified to income statement

 

 

 

Change in fair value of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

(8)

-

Change in fair value of available-for-sale financial assets and investments

 

-

(54)

Currency translation differences:

 

 

 

Retranslation of net assets of overseas subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

 

162

407

Movements in foreign exchange reserve and net investment hedging on

subsidiary disposed, reclassified and reported in the Group income statement

 

-

140

Gains/(losses) on cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

Net fair value gains/(losses)

 

107

74

Reclassified and reported in the Group income statement

 

-

(172)

Tax on items that may be reclassified

 

(9)

15

 

 

252

410

Total other comprehensive income/(loss) for the period

 

783

3,434

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

426

628

Total comprehensive income/(loss) for the period

 

1,209

4,062

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

Owners of the parent

 

1,208

4,058

Non-controlling interests

 

1

4

Total comprehensive income/(loss) for the period

 

1,209

4,062

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to owners of the parent arising from:

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

1,208

3,707

Discontinued operations

 

-

351

 

 

1,208

4,058

         

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

Group balance sheet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

25 August 

 2018

£m

24 February 2018 (restated*)              £m

26 August

2017 (restated*)

£m

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

10

6,463

2,661

2,752

 

Property, plant and equipment

11

18,808

18,521

18,429

 

Investment property

 

92

100

74

 

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

702

689

750

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

648

860

832

 

Trade and other receivables

 

169

186

170

 

Loans and advances to customers and banks

 

7,547

6,885

6,362

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

1,199

1,117

1,238

 

Deferred tax assets

 

137

116

82

 

 

 

35,765

31,135

30,689

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

42

68

122

 

Inventories

 

2,821

2,264

2,489

 

Trade and other receivables

 

1,608

1,504

1,690

 

Loans and advances to customers and banks

 

4,846

4,637

4,400

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

194

27

274

 

Current tax assets

 

-

12

10

 

Short-term investments

12

760

1,029

2,388

 

Cash and cash equivalents

12

3,243

4,059

4,319

 

 

 

13,514

13,600

15,692

 

Non-current assets classified as held for sale

7

123

149

127

 

 

 

13,637

13,749

15,819

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

(9,749)

(8,994)

(8,969)

 

Borrowings

14

(2,534)

(1,479)

(2,950)

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

(117)

(69)

(71)

 

Customer deposits and deposits from banks

 

(8,842)

(7,812)

(7,043)

 

Current tax liabilities

 

(333)

(335)

(343)

 

Provisions

 

(465)

(544)

(530)

 

 

 

(22,040)

(19,233)

(19,906)

 

Net current liabilities

 

(8,403)

(5,484)

(4,087)

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

(399)

(364)

(340)

 

Borrowings

14

(5,403)

(7,142)

(8,638)

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

(522)

(594)

(550)

 

Customer deposits and deposits from banks

 

(3,041)

(2,972)

(2,790)

 

Post-employment benefit obligations

16

(2,574)

(3,282)

(2,945)

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

(311)

(96)

(106)

 

Provisions

 

(739)

(721)

(671)

 

 

 

(12,989)

(15,171)

(16,040)

 

Net assets

 

14,373

10,480

10,562

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

18

490

410

410

 

Share premium

 

5,163

5,107

5,102

 

All other reserves

 

3,854

735

1,058

 

Retained earnings

 

4,887

4,250

4,017

 

Equity attributable to owners of the parent

 

14,394

10,502

10,587

 

Non-controlling interests

 

(21)

(22)

(25)

 

Total equity

 

14,373

10,480

10,562

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

 

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

Group statement of changes in equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

All other reserves

 

 

Share

capital

£m

Share

premium

£m

 

Other

reserves

£m

Capital

redemption

reserve

£m

 

Hedging

reserve

£m

Translation

reserve

£m

Own

shares

held

£m

Retained

Earnings  

£m

 

Total

£m

Non-

controlling

interests

£m

Total

Equity  

£m

At 24 February 2018 (as previously reported)

410

5,107

40

16

40

655

(16)

4,228

10,480

(22)

10,458

Cumulative adjustment to opening balances from application of IFRS 15 (net of tax)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

22

-

22

At 24 February 2018 (restated*)

410

5,107

40

16

40

655

(16)

4,250

10,502

(22)

10,480

Adjustment on initial application of IFRS 9 (net of tax)

-

-

1

-

(1)

-

-

(177)

(177)

-

(177)

At 25 February 2018

410

5,107

41

16

39

655

(16)

4,073

10,325

(22)

10,303

Profit/(loss) for the period

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

426

426

-

426

Other comprehensive income/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(8)

(8)

-

(8)

Currency translation differences

-

-

-

-

-

161

-

-

161

1

162

Remeasurements of defined benefit pension schemes

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

639

639

-

639

Gains/(losses) on cash flow hedges

-

-

(7)

-

114

-

-

-

107

-

107

Tax relating to components of other comprehensive income

-

-

1

-

(10)

(2)

-

(106)

(117)

-

(117)

Total other comprehensive income/(loss)

-

-

(6)

-

104

159

-

525

782

1

783

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

-

-

(6)

-

104

159

-

951

1,208

1

1,209

Transactions with owners

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of own shares

-

-

-

-

-

-

(235)

-

(235)

-

(235)

Share-based payments

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

58

105

-

105

Issue of shares (Note 18)

80

56

3,050

-

-

-

-

-

3,186

-

3,186

Dividends

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(195)

(195)

-

(195)

Total transactions with owners

80

56

3,050

-

-

-

(188)

(137)

2,861

-

2,861

At 25 August 2018

490

5,163

3,085

16

143

814

(204)

4,887

14,394

(21)

14,373

                         

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

 

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All other reserves

 

 

Share

capital

£m

Share

premium

£m

 

Other

reserves

£m

Capital

redemption

reserve

£m

 

Hedging

reserve

£m

Translation

reserve

£m

Own

Shares

held

£m

Retained

Earnings

£m

 

Total

£m

Non-

controlling

interests

£m

Total

Equity

£m

At 25 February 2017 (as previously reported)

409

5,096

40

16

217

350

(22)

332

6,438

(24)

6,414

Adjustment on initial application of IFRS 15 (net of tax)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

20

-

20

At 25 February 2017 (restated*)

409

5,096

40

16

217

350

(22)

352

6,458

(24)

6,434

Profit/(loss) for the period (as previously reported)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

637

637

(2)

635

IFRS 15 adjustment to profit/(loss) for the period

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(7)

(7)

-

(7)

Profit/(loss) for the period (restated*)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

630

630

 

(2)

628

Other comprehensive income/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(54)

(54)

-

(54)

Currency translation differences

-

-

-

-

-

541

-

-

541

6

547

Remeasurements on defined benefit pension schemes

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3,639

3,639

-

3,639

Gains/(losses) on cash flow hedges

-

-

-

-

(98)

-

-

-

(98)

-

(98)

Tax relating to components of other comprehensive income

-

-

-

-

16

(11)

-

(605)

(600)

-

(600)

Total other comprehensive income/(loss)

-

-

-

-

(82)

530

-

2,980

3,428

6

3,434

Total comprehensive income/(loss) (restated*)

-

-

-

-

(82)

530

-

3,610

4,058

4

4,062

Transactions with owners

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of own shares

-

-

-

-

-

-

(10)

-

(10)

-

(10)

Share-based payments

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

53

72

-

72

Issue of shares

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

7

Dividends

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

2

Changes in non-controlling interests

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

(5)

Total transactions with owners

1

6

-

-

-

-

9

55

71

(5)

66

At 26 August 2017 (restated*)

410

5,102

40

16

135

880

(13)

4,017

10,587

(25)

10,562

                             

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

 

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

Group cash flow statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017 (restated*)

£m

Cash flows generated from/(used in) operating activities

 

 

 

Operating profit/(loss) from continuing operations

 

819

876

Depreciation and amortisation

 

679

640

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

 

(12)

(52)

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of subsidiaries and financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

(15)

(127)

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of joint ventures and associates

 

-

(19)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

-

(22)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property

 

4

(2)

Adjustment for non-cash element of pensions charge

 

2

3

Additional contribution into defined benefit pension schemes

16

(142)

(129)

Share-based payments

 

34

64

Tesco Bank fair value movements included in operating profit/(loss)

 

55

81

Retail (increase)/decrease in inventories

 

(180)

(138)

Retail (increase)/decrease in development stock

 

-

19

Retail (increase)/decrease in trade and other receivables

 

40

(137)

Retail increase/(decrease) in trade and other payables

 

129

233

Retail increase/(decrease) in provisions

 

(113)

78

Retail (increase)/decrease in working capital

 

(124)

55

Tesco Bank (increase)/decrease in loans and advances to customers and banks

 

(1,164)

(877)

Tesco Bank (increase)/decrease in trade and other receivables

 

5

(16)

Tesco Bank increase/(decrease) in customer and bank deposits, trade and other payables

 

1,106

850

Tesco Bank increase/(decrease) in provisions

 

(6)

(17)

Tesco Bank (increase)/decrease in working capital

 

(59)

(60)

Cash generated from/(used in) operations

 

1,241

1,308

Interest paid

 

(187)

(183)

Corporation tax (paid)/received

 

(144)

(38)

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

 

910

1,087

         

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.                                       

 

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017 (restated*)

£m

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

 

910

1,087

Cash flows generated from/(used in) investing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment, investment property, intangible assets and non-current assets classified as held for sale

 

134

139

Purchase of property, plant and equipment, investment property and non-current assets classified as held for sale

 

(425)

(719)

Purchase of intangible assets

 

(84)

(106)

Disposal of subsidiaries, net of cash disposed

 

8

18

Acquisition of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired

19

(715)

-

Proceeds from sale of joint ventures and associates

 

-

19

Net (increase)/decrease in loans to joint ventures and associates

 

5

(1)

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

-

(15)

Net (investments in)/proceeds from sale of short-term investments

 

269

345

Net (investments in)/proceeds from sale of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

235

236

Dividends received from joint ventures and associates

 

24

11

Interest received

 

20

32

Net cash generated from/(used in) investing activities

 

(529)

(41)

Cash flows generated from/(used in) financing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of ordinary share capital

 

58

6

Own shares purchased

 

(197)

-

Increase in borrowings

 

266

435

Repayment of borrowings

 

(1,139)

(1,178)

Net cash flows from derivative financial instruments

 

(15)

188

Repayments of obligations under finance leases

 

(7)

(7)

Dividends paid to equity owners

8

(195)

-

Net cash generated from/(used in) financing activities

 

(1,229)

(556)

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(848)

490

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

4,059

3,832

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes

 

32

(3)

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

12

3,243

4,319

         

 

The notes on pages 20 to 48 form part of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

 

*   Restated for the adoption of IFRS 15 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 were approved by the Directors on

2 October 2018.

 

Note 1 Basis of preparation

 

These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the UK Financial Conduct Authority, and with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting', as adopted by the European Union. Unless otherwise stated, the accounting policies applied, and the judgements, estimates and assumptions made in applying these policies, are consistent with those described in the Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018. The financial period represents the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 (prior financial period 26 weeks ended 26 August 2017, prior financial year 52 weeks ended 24 February 2018).

 

These condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the current period and prior financial periods do not constitute statutory accounts as defined in section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. A copy of the statutory accounts for the prior financial year has been filed with the Registrar of Companies. The auditor's report on those accounts was not qualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain statements under section 498(2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The Directors consider that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and have therefore continued to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the condensed consolidated interim financial statements.

 

Discontinued operations

In accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) 5 'Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations', the net results of discontinued operations are presented separately in the Group income statement and the assets and liabilities of these operations are presented separately in the Group balance sheet.

 

Adoption of new IFRSs

The Group has adopted IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' effective for the period ending 25 August 2018. IFRS 15 has been applied fully retrospectively and comparatives for the prior periods have been restated, whilst IFRS 9 has been applied retrospectively at 25 February 2018 by adjusting the opening balance sheet at that date. Further details on the transitional impact on adoption of these standards is described in Note 23.

 

Prior period reclassification of hedged interest income and expenses

During the period, the Group reclassified interest income arising from derivative financial instruments hedging the Group's borrowings from finance income to finance costs. This reclassification more appropriately reflects the net finance cost to the Group. Prior period comparatives have been restated to align to the current period approach.

 

The impact of this reclassification on prior period balances has been a reduction of finance costs and finance income by £15m.

 

Line item name changes

"Loans and advances to customers" has been renamed "Loans and advances to customers and banks". There were no balances relating to banks in this line in the prior periods.

"Other investments" has been renamed "Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income"

 

Accounting policies

Impairment of financial assets

Since adoption of IFRS 9 on 25 February 2018, the Group assesses on a forward-looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its financial assets carried at amortised cost and at fair value through other comprehensive income. The expected credit losses are updated at each reporting date to reflect changes in credit risk since initial recognition of the financial asset.

The three-stage model for impairment has been applied to loans and advances to customers and banks, financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income, and loan receivables from joint ventures and associates. The credit risk is determined through modelling a range of possible outcomes for different loss scenarios, using reasonable and supportable information about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future events and economic conditions. A 12 month expected credit loss is recognised, unless the credit risk on the financial asset increases significantly after initial recognition, when the lifetime expected credit loss is recognised. 

For other financial assets, primarily trade and other receivables, the Group applies the simplified approach permitted by IFRS 9, with expected lifetime credit losses recognised from initial recognition of the receivable. These assets are grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics and days past due, with expected loss allowances for each risk grouping determined based on the Group's historical credit loss experience, adjusted for factors specific to each receivable, general economic conditions and expected changes in forecast conditions.

Supplier financing arrangements

Management reviews supplier financing arrangements to determine the appropriate presentation of balances outstanding as trade payables or borrowings, dependent on the nature of each arrangement. Factors considered in determining the appropriate presentation include the commercial rationale for the arrangement, impact on the Group's working capital positions, credit enhancements or other benefits provided to the bank and recourse exposures.

 

Balances outstanding under current supplier financing arrangements are classified as accounts payables, since the financing arrangements are agreed between the supplier and the bank, and the Group does not provide additional credit enhancement nor obtain any benefit from the arrangements. These outstanding balances are not material to the Group.

 

Critical accounting judgements

During the period to 25 August 2018, the following judgements were made by management in applying the accounting policies to determine the presentation and reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses.

 

Operating segments

Following the acquisition of Booker Group PLC (Booker) on 5 March 2018, management has applied the guidance of IFRS 8 "Operating Segments" in determining the presentation of Booker's performance and balances within the Group.  Management has carefully considered a number of areas including how the business is managed on an integrated basis with the rest of the UK retail business, the strategic rationale of the merger in forming the UK's leading Food business, the significant synergies flowing across the UK businesses, and the level at which the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM) monitors performance and allocates resources to the business.

 

Based on these considerations, management concluded that the most appropriate presentation for Booker is within the UK & ROI segment. This presentation reflects that the CODM is monitoring performance and allocating resources at a combined UK & ROI level which includes Booker.

 

Standard issued but not yet effective

As of the date of authorisation of these condensed consolidated interim financial statements, the following standard was in issue but not yet effective:

IFRS 16 'Leases'

IFRS 16 'Leases' will be effective in the Group financial statements for the accounting period commencing 24 February 2019. The Group intends to adopt the standard retrospectively, with comparatives restated from a transition date of 25 February 2018.

 

IFRS 16 provides a single lessee accounting model, requiring lessees to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for all applicable leases. IFRS 16 is expected to have a significant impact on reported assets, liabilities and the Group income statement, as well as the classification of cash flows relating to lease contracts. The standard will impact a number of key measures such as operating profit and cash generated from operations, as well as a number of alternative performance measures used by the Group.

 

The Group's IFRS 16 Project is governed by a Steering Committee, which regularly reports progress to the Group Audit Committee. During the current reporting period, progress continued on the collation of the additional lease data required to support IFRS 16 calculations, establishing systems and processes required for accounting and reporting under IFRS 16 and in determining the appropriate discount rates to apply to lease payments. Until this work is complete it is not practical to provide a reasonable estimate of the financial effect of IFRS 16.

 

Alternative performance measures (APMs)

In the reporting of financial information, the Directors have adopted various APMs. These measures are not defined by IFRS and therefore may not be directly comparable with other companies' APMs, including those in the Group's industry.

APMs should be considered in addition to, and are not intended to be a substitute for, or superior to, IFRS measurements.

Purpose

The Directors believe that these APMs assist in providing additional useful information on the underlying trends, performance and position of the Group.

APMs are also used to enhance the comparability of information between reporting periods and geographical units (such as like-for-like sales), by adjusting for non-recurring or uncontrollable factors which affect IFRS measures, to aid users in understanding the Group's performance.

Consequently, APMs are used by the Directors and management for performance analysis, planning, reporting and incentive-setting purposes.

 

The key APMs that the Group has focused on in the period are as follows:

•     Group sales: This is the headline measure of revenue for the Group. It excludes the impact of sales made at petrol filling stations due to the significant volatility of fuel prices. This volatility is outside the control of management and can mask underlying changes in performance.

•     Like-for-like sales: This is a widely used indicator of a retailer's current trading performance. It is a measure of growth in Group online sales and sales from stores that have been open for at least a year (but excludes prior year sales of stores closed during the year) at constant foreign exchange rates.

•     Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles: This is the headline measure of the Group's performance, and is based on operating profit before the impact of exceptional items and amortisation of intangible assets acquired in business combinations. Exceptional items relate to certain costs or incomes that derive from events or transactions that fall within the normal activities of the Group but which, individually or, if of similar type, in aggregate, are excluded by virtue of their size and nature in order to reflect management's view of the performance of the Group.

•     Retail operating cash flow: This is the operating cash flow from continuing operations, excluding the effects of Tesco Bank's cash flows.

•     Retail free cash flow: Retail free cash flow includes all cash flows from operating and investing activities and the market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes, excluding the effects of Tesco Bank's cash flows. The following items are excluded: investing cash flows that increase/decrease items within Net debt, and cash flows from major corporate acquisitions and disposals.

•     Net debt: This excludes the net debt of Tesco Bank but includes that of the discontinued operations to reflect the net debt obligations of the Retail business.

•     Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments: This relates to profit after tax before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles from continuing operations, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments attributable to owners of the parent divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the financial period adjusted for the effects of potentially dilutive share options.

Some of the Group's IFRS measures are translated at constant exchange rates. Constant exchange rates are the average actual periodic exchange rates for the previous financial period and are used to eliminate the effects of exchange rate fluctuations in assessing performance. Actual exchange rates are the average actual periodic exchange rates for that financial period.

Changes to APMs

During the period, the following change has been applied to the Group's APMs:

•      The Directors and management have decided to exclude the amortisation of intangible assets acquired in business combinations from profit measures. The amortisation charge is excluded because management does not consider the incremental amortisation charge arising from acquired intangible assets when assessing the underlying trading performance of the Group. Business combinations which occurred before the acquisition of Booker did not result in a material amortisation expense arising from the acquired intangible assets.   

As a result of the change above, the following APMs have been changed to exclude the amortisation of intangible assets acquired in business combinations:

•     Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles;

•     Profit before tax before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments;

•     Earnings per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments;

•     Effective tax rate before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles; and

•     Effective tax rate before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments.

Operating margin is now calculated as Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles divided by revenue.

Refer to the Glossary for a full list, comprehensive descriptions and purpose of the Group's APMs.

 

Note 2 Segmental reporting

The Group's operating segments are determined based on the Group's internal reporting to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM). The CODM has been determined to be the Group Chief Executive, with support from the Executive Committee, as the function primarily responsible for the allocation of resources to segments and assessment of performance of the segments.

Following the acquisition of Booker on 5 March 2018, management has applied judgement in determining the presentation of Booker within the UK & ROI Retail segment. Note 1 provides further details on the rationale for this presentation.

The principal activities of the Group are therefore presented in the following segments:

·        Retailing and associated activities (Retail) in:

-          UK & ROI - the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland;

-          Central Europe - Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia; and

-          Asia - Malaysia and Thailand.

·        Retail banking and insurance services through Tesco Bank in the UK (Tesco Bank).

This presentation reflects how the Group's operating performance is reviewed internally by management.

The CODM uses operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, as reviewed at monthly Executive Committee meetings, as the key measure of the segments' results as it reflects the segments' underlying performance for the financial period under evaluation. Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles is a consistent measure within the Group as defined within Note 1. Refer to Note 4 for exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles. Inter-segment revenue between the operating segments is not material.

Income statement

The segment results and the reconciliation of the segment measures to the respective statutory items included in the Group income statement are as follows:

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

At constant exchange rates

UK & ROI

£m

Central

Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Total at constant

exchange

£m

 

Foreign

exchange

£m

Total at actual

exchange

£m

Continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group sales

22,389

2,956

2,345

547

28,237

57

28,294

Revenue

25,697

3,086

2,345

547

31,675

59

31,734

Operating profit/(loss) before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

682

58

100

89

929

4

933

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(72)

(21)

-

(21)

(114)

-

(114)

Operating profit/(loss)

610

37

100

68

815

4

819

Operating margin

2.7%

1.9%

4.3%

16.3%

2.9%

 

2.9%

 

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

At actual exchange rates

UK & ROI

£m

Central

Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Total at actual

exchange

£m

Continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

Group sales

22,399

2,983

2,365

547

28,294

Revenue

25,706

3,116

2,365

547

31,734

Operating profit/(loss) before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

685

59

100

89

933

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(72)

(21)

-

(21)

(114)

Operating profit/(loss)

613

38

100

68

819

Operating margin

2.7%

1.9%

4.2%

16.3%

2.9%

Share of post-tax profits/(losses) of joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

31

Finance income

 

 

 

 

7

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

(293)

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

 

 

 

564

 

Tesco Bank revenue of £547m (26 weeks ended 26 August 2017: £525m) comprises interest and similar revenues of £354m (26 weeks ended 26 August 2017: £331m) and fees and commissions revenue of £193m (26 weeks ended 26 August 2017: £194m).

 

 

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017 (restated)

At actual exchange rates

UK & ROI

£m

Central

Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Total at actual

exchange

£m

Continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

Group sales

19,024

3,094

2,520

525

25,163

Revenue

22,084

3,210

2,520

525

28,339

Operating profit/(loss) before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

464

61

141

84

750

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

126

-

-

-

126

Operating profit/(loss)

590

61

141

84

876

Operating margin

2.1%

1.9%

5.6%

16.0%

2.6%

Share of post-tax profits/(losses) of joint ventures and associates

 

 

 

 

12

Finance income

 

 

 

 

27

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

(362)

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

 

 

 

553

Balance sheet

The following tables showing segment assets and liabilities exclude those balances that make up net debt (cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, joint venture loans and other receivables, bank and other borrowings, finance lease payables, derivative financial instruments and net debt of the disposal group). Net debt balances have been included within the unallocated segment to reflect how the Group manages these balances. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated other than intercompany transactions with Tesco Bank in net debt.

At 25 August 2018

 

UK & ROI

£m

Central Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Unallocated

£m

Total

£m

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

 

5,100

35

281

1,047

-

6,463

Property, plant and equipment and investment property

 

13,390

2,770

2,676

64

-

18,900

Investments in joint ventures and associates

 

13

1

604

84

-

702

Non-current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

 

 

3

-

-

645

-

648

Non-current trade and other receivables(a)

 

27

7

11

5

-

50

Non-current loans and advances to customers and banks

 

-

-

-

7,547

-

7,547

Deferred tax assets

 

-

33

48

56

-

137

Non-current assets(b)

 

18,533

2,846

3,620

9,448

-

34,447

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories and current trade and other receivables(c)

 

3,133

564

433

298

-

4,428

Current loans and advances to customers and banks

 

-

-

-

4,846

-

4,846

Current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

-

-

-

42

-

42

Total trade and other payables

 

(7,906)

(928)

(1,070)

(244)

-

(10,148)

Total customer deposits and deposits from banks

 

-

-

-

(11,883)

-

(11,883)

Total provisions

 

(985)

(101)

(49)

(69)

-

(1,204)

Deferred tax liabilities

 

(262)

(37)

(12)

-

-

(311)

Net current tax

 

(263)

(30)

(9)

(31)

-

(333)

Post-employment benefits

 

(2,551)

-

(23)

-

-

(2,574)

Assets classified as held for sale

 

69

54

-

-

-

123

Net debt (including Tesco Bank)(d)

 

-

-

-

66

(3,126)

(3,060)

Net assets

 

9,768

2,368

2,890

2,473

(3,126)

14,373

(a) Excludes loans to joint ventures of £119m (24 February 2018: £138m, 26 August 2017: £138m) which form part of net debt.

(b) Excludes derivative financial instrument non-current assets of £1,199m (24 February 2018: £1,117m, 26 August 2017: £1,238m).

(c) Excludes net interest and other receivables of £1m (24 February 2018: £1m, 26 August 2017: £1m) which form part of net debt.

(d)  Refer to Note 17.

 

Balance sheet continued

 

At 24 February 2018 (restated)

UK & ROI

£m

Central Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Unallocated

£m

Total

£m

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

1,281

36

271

1,073

-

2,661

Property, plant and equipment and investment property

13,190

2,799

2,564

68

-

18,621

Investments in joint ventures and associates

12

1

586

90

-

689

Non-current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

3

-

-

857

-

860

Non-current trade and other receivables(a)

30

6

12

-

-

48

Non-current loans and advances to customers and banks

-

-

-

6,885

-

6,885

Deferred tax assets

18

33

65

-

-

116

Non-current assets(b)

14,534

2,875

3,498

8,973

-

29,880

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories and current trade and other receivables(c)

2,435

610

399

323

-

3,767

Current loans and advances to customers and banks

-

-

-

4,637

-

4,637

Current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

-

-

-

68

-

68

Total trade and other payables

(7,236)

(853)

(1,028)

(241)

-

(9,358)

Total customer deposits and deposits from banks

-

-

-

(10,784)

-

(10,784)

Total provisions

(1,034)

(110)

(47)

(74)

-

(1,265)

Deferred tax liabilities

(21)

(35)

(32)

(8)

-

(96)

Net current tax

(263)

(9)

(16)

(35)

-

(323)

Post-employment benefits

(3,261)

-

(21)

-

-

(3,282)

Assets classified as held for sale

95

54

-

-

-

149

Net debt (including Tesco Bank)(d)

-

-

-

(288)

(2,625)

(2,913)

Net assets

5,249

2,532

2,753

2,571

(2,625)

10,480

 

 

At 26 August 2017 (restated)

UK & ROI

£m

Central Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Unallocated

£m

Total

£m

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

1,336

50

279

1,087

-

2,752

Property, plant and equipment and investment property

12,986

2,844

2,601

72

-

18,503

Investments in joint ventures and associates

14

1

641

94

-

750

Non-current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

3

-

-

829

-

832

Non-current trade and other receivables(a)

12

8

12

-

-

32

Non-current loans and advances to customers and banks

-

-

-

6,362

-

6,362

Deferred tax assets

-

27

55

-

-

82

Non-current assets(b)

14,351

2,930

3,588

8,444

-

29,313

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories and current trade and other receivables(c)

2,664

656

486

372

-

4,178

Current loans and advances to customers and banks

-

-

-

4,400

-

4,400

Current financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

-

-

-

122

-

122

Total trade and other payables

(7,009)

(962)

(1,121)

(217)

-

(9,309)

Total customer deposits and deposits from banks

-

-

-

(9,833)

-

(9,833)

Total provisions

(1,004)

(84)

(46)

(67)

-

(1,201)

Deferred tax liabilities

(53)

(30)

(12)

(11)

-

(106)

Net current tax

(269)

(11)

(23)

(30)

-

(333)

Post-employment benefits

(2,922)

-

(23)

-

-

(2,945)

Assets classified as held for sale

101

26

-

-

-

127

Net debt (including Tesco Bank)

-

-

-

(591)

(3,260)

(3,851)

Net assets

5,859

2,525

2,849

2,589

(3,260)

10,562

(a)-(d) Refer to previous table for footnotes.

 

Other segment information

 

 

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

UK & ROI

£m

Central Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Total

£m

Capital expenditure (including acquisitions through business combinations):

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

549

29

108

1

687

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

3,926

5

1

11

3,943

Depreciation and amortisation:

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

(344)

(68)

(112)

(5)

(529)

Investment property

(1)

-

-

-

(1)

Software and other intangible assets

(101)

(7)

(3)

(38)

(149)

Impairment:

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment loss

(3)

(7)

(1)

-

(11)

Property, plant and equipment reversal

4

-

1

-

5

Investment property reversal

2

-

-

-

2

Financial assets net (loss)/reversal

(6)

(2)

-

(90)

(98)

 

 

 

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017

UK & ROI

£m

Central Europe

£m

Asia

£m

Tesco

Bank

£m

Total

£m

Capital expenditure (including acquisitions through business combinations):

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

393

41

73

5

512

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets

78

4

1

21

104

Depreciation and amortisation:

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

(341)

(74)

(111)

(6)

(532)

Investment property

(1)

-

-

-

(1)

Software and other intangible assets

(58)

(9)

(5)

(35)

(107)

Impairment:

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment loss

(13)

(5)

(1)

-

(19)

Property, plant and equipment reversal

19

-

-

-

19

Investment property reversal

2

-

-

-

2

Financial assets net (loss)/reversal

13

2

(2)

(70)

(57)

Cash flow statement

The following tables provide further analysis of the Group cash flow statement, including a split of cash flows between Retail and Tesco Bank.

 

 

Retail

Tesco Bank

Tesco Group

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Retail

Total

£m

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Tesco Bank

Total

£m

Total

£m

Operating profit/(loss) from continuing operations

844

(93)

751

89

(21)

68

819

Depreciation and amortisation

596

40

636

43

-

43

679

ATM net income

(18)

-

(18)

18

-

18

-

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

1

(13)

(12)

-

-

-

(12)

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of subsidiaries and financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

(7)

-

(7)

(8)

-

(8)

(15)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property

(10)

14

4

-

-

-

4

Adjustment for non-cash element of pensions charge

2

-

2

-

-

-

2

Additional contribution into defined benefit pension schemes

(142)

-

(142)

-

-

-

(142)

Share-based payments

33

-

33

1

-

1

34

Tesco Bank fair value movements included in operating profit/(loss)

-

-

-

55

-

55

55

Cash flows generated from operations excluding working capital

1,299

(52)

1,247

198

(21)

177

1,424

(Increase)/decrease in working capital

(29)

(95)

(124)

(52)

(7)

(59)

(183)

Cash generated from/(used in) operations

1,270

(147)

1,123

146

(28)

118

1,241

Interest paid

(185)

-

(185)

(2)

-

(2)

(187)

Corporation tax received/(paid)

(109)

-

(109)

(35)

-

(35)

(144)

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

976

(147)

829

109

(28)

81

910

                     

 

Cash flow statement continued

Retail

Tesco Bank

Tesco Group

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Retail

Total

£m

Before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Tesco Bank

Total

£m

Total

£m

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

976

(147)

829

109

(28)

81

910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment, investment property, intangible assets and non-current assets classified as held for sale

15

119

134

-

-

-

134

Purchase of property, plant and equipment, investment property and non-current assets classified as held for sale - store buy backs

(35)

-

(35)

-

-

-

(35)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment, investment property and non-current assets classified as held for sale - other capital expenditure

(388)

-

(388)

(2)

-

(2)

(390)

Purchase of intangible assets

(71)

-

(71)

(13)

-

(13)

(84)

Disposal of subsidiaries, net of cash disposed

8

-

8

-

-

-

8

Acquisition of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired

(Note 19)

(715)

-

(715)

-

-

-

(715)

Net (increase)/decrease in loans to joint ventures and associates

-

-

-

5

-

5

5

Net (investments in)/proceeds from sale of short-term investments

269

-

269

-

-

-

269

Net (investments in)/proceeds from the sale of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

-

-

-

235

-

235

235

Dividends received from joint ventures and associates

14

-

14

10

-

10

24

Interest received

20

-

20

-

-

-

20

Net cash generated from/(used in) investing activities

(883)

119

(764)

235

-

235

(529)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of ordinary share capital

58

-

58

-

-

-

58

Own shares purchased

(197)

-

(197)

-

-

-

(197)

Add: Cash outflow from major acquisition (Note 19)

747

-

747

-

-

-

747

Less: Net increase/(decrease) in loans to joint ventures and associates

-

-

-

(5)

-

(5)

(5)

Less: Net investments in/(proceeds from sale of) short-term investments

(269)

-

(269)

-

-

-

(269)

APM: Free cash flow

432

(28)

404

339

(28)

311

715

Increase in borrowings

266

-

266

-

-

-

266

Repayment of borrowings

(714)

-

(714)

(425)

-

(425)

(1,139)

Net cash flows from derivative financial instruments

(15)

-

(15)

-

-

-

(15)

Repayment of obligations under finance leases

(7)

-

(7)

-

-

-

(7)

Dividends paid to equity owners

(195)

-

(195)

-

-

-

(195)

Net cash generated from/(used in) financing activities

(804)

-

(804)

(425)

-

(425)

(1,229)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intra-Group funding and intercompany transactions

(12)

-

(12)

12

-

12

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(723)

(28)

(751)

(69)

(28)

(97)

(848)

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

 

2,755

 

 

1,304

4,059

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes

 

 

32

 

 

-

32

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

 

2,036

 

 

1,207

3,243

                   

 

Cash flow statement continued

Retail

Tesco Bank

Tesco Group

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017 (restated)

Before

exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Retail

Total

£m

Before

exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional

items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Tesco Bank Total

£m

Total

£m

Operating profit/(loss) from continuing operations

666

126

792

84

-

84

876

Depreciation and amortisation

599

-

599

41

-

41

640

ATM net income

(20)

-

(20)

20

-

20

-

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

(8)

(44)

(52)

-

-

-

(52)

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of subsidiaries and financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

(3)

(124)

(127)

-

-

-

(127)

(Profit)/loss arising on sale of joint ventures and associates

(3)

(16)

(19)

-

-

-

(19)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

(22)

-

(22)

-

-

-

(22)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property

(2)

-

(2)

-

-

-

(2)

Share-based payments

61

-

61

3

-

3

64

Adjustment for non-cash element of pensions charge

3

-

3

-

-

-

3

Additional contribution into defined benefit pension schemes

(129)

-

(129)

-

-

-

(129)

Tesco Bank fair value movements included in operating profit/(loss)

-

-

-

81

-

81

81

Cash flows generated from operations excluding working capital

1,142

(58)

1,084

229

-

229

1,313

(Increase)/decrease in working capital

244

(189)

55

(48)

(12)

(60)

(5)

Cash flows generated from/(used in) operations

1,386

(247)

1,139

181

(12)

169

1,308

Interest paid

(181)

-

(181)

(2)

-

(2)

(183)

Corporation tax (paid)/received

(24)

-

(24)

(14)

-

(14)

(38)

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

1,181

(247)

934

165

(12)

153

1,087

                   

 

 

Cash flow statement continued

Retail

Tesco Bank

Tesco Group

 

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017 (restated)

Before

exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Retail

Total

£m

Before

exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Exceptional

items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

£m

Tesco

Bank Total

£m

Total

£m

 

Net cash generated from/(used in) operating activities

1,181

(247)

934

165

(12)

153

1,087

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment, investment property, intangible assets and non-current assets classified as held for sale

83

55

138

1

-

1

139

Purchase of property, plant and equipment, investment property and non-current assets classified as held for sale - store buy backs

-

(189)

(189)

-

-

-

(189)

Purchase of property, plant and equipment, investment property and non-current assets classified as held for sale - other capital expenditure

(523)

-

(523)

(7)

-

(7)

(530)

Purchase of intangible assets

(83)

-

(83)

(23)

-

(23)

(106)

Disposal of subsidiaries, net of cash disposed

-

18

18

-

-

-

18

Proceeds from sale of joint ventures and associates

-

19

19

-

-

-

19

Investments in joint ventures and associates

-

-

-

(15)

-

(15)

(15)

Net (investments in)/proceeds from sale of financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

33

196

229

7

-

7

236

Dividends received from joint ventures and associates

11

-

11

-

-

-

11

Interest received

32

-

32

-

-

-

32

Net (increase)/decrease in loans to joint ventures and associates

(1)

-

(1)

-

-

-

(1)

Net (investments in)/proceeds from sale of short-term investments

345

-

345

-

-

-

345

Net cash generated from/(used in) investing activities

(103)

99

(4)

(37)

-

(37)

(41)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of ordinary share capital

6

-

6

-

-

-

6

Add: Net increase/(decrease) in loans to joint ventures and associates

1

-

1

-

-

-

1

Less: Net investments in/(proceeds from sale of) short-term investments

(345)

-

(345)

-

-

-

(345)

APM: Free cash flow*

740

(148)

592

128

(12)

116

708

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in borrowings

435

-

435

-

-

-

435

Repayment of borrowings

(1,028)

-

(1,028)

(150)

-

(150)

(1,178)

Net cash flows from derivative financial instruments

188

-

188

-

-

-

188

Repayment of obligations under finance leases

(7)

-

(7)

-

-

-

(7)

Dividends paid to equity owners

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

Net cash generated from/(used in) financing activities

(406)

-

(406)

(150)

-

(150)

(556)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intra-Group funding and intercompany transactions

(8)

-

(8)

8

-

8

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

664

(148)

516

(14)

(12)

(26)

490

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

 

3,043

 

 

789

3,832

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes

 

 

(3)

 

 

-

(3)

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

 

3,556

 

 

763

4,319

                         

*  Free cash flow has been restated to include the market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes.

Note 3 Income and expenses

 

 

Continuing operations

26 weeks 2018

£m

26 weeks 2017

£m

Profit/(loss) before tax is stated after charging/(crediting) the following:

 

 

Property rental income, of which £(18)m (2017: £(17)m) relates to investment properties

(190)

(181)

Other rental income

(29)

(27)

Direct operating expenses arising on rental earning investment properties

8

10

Costs of inventories recognised as an expense

23,537

20,862

Inventory losses and provisions

704

665

Depreciation and amortisation

679

640

Operating lease expenses, of which £28m (2017: £34m) relates to hire of plant and machinery

538

504

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property

4

(2)

Net impairment loss/(reversal) on financial assets

98

57

Note 4 Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

Income statement

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

Profit/(loss) for the period included the following exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles:

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles included in:

Cost of  sales

£m

Administrative expenses

£m

Property- related items

£m

Total exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles included  within operating profit

 £m

Share of JV and associates profits/(losses)

£m

Taxation

£m

Exceptional items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tesco Direct closure costs(a)

(57)

-

-

(57)

-

11

Net restructuring and redundancy costs(b)

(22)

-

-

(22)

-

-

Provision for customer redress(c)

(7)

-

-

(7)

-

-

Release of amounts provided in relation to FCA obligations(d)

-

15

-

15

-

-

Property transactions(e)

-

-

13

13

11

4

Tesco Bank FCA provision(f)

-

(16)

-

(16)

-

-

Total exceptional items

(86)

(1)

13

(74)

11

15

Amortisation of acquired intangibles:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets

-

(40)

-

(40)

-

7

Total exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(86)

(41)

13

(114)

11

22

(a)  This relates to impairment, redundancy and inventory losses arising from the closure of the Group's non-food business, Tesco Direct in July 2018.

(b)  This net charge includes £(21)m relating to simplification of our business and working practices in Central Europe, £(3)m relating to store colleague structures in UK & ROI netted off against a £2m reduction in business simplification costs previously provided for in Tesco Bank.

(c)  The charge of £(7)m relates to additional costs in respect of Payment Protection Insurance (PPI) as a result of higher claim rates than previously estimated.

(d)  The Group had taken an exceptional charge in respect of the Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA) and Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) obligations, including the Compensation Scheme, in the 52 weeks to 25 February 2017. £15m charges relating to the Compensation Scheme have been released in the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018.

(e)  As part of the Group's strategy to maximise value from property, the Group disposed of surplus properties which generated a profit of £13m.

The £11m gain relates to the Group's share of the property disposal gain in Gain Land Limited, an associated undertaking of the Group.

(f)   This relates to a settlement payment to the FCA in respect of an online fraudulent attack on Tesco Bank in 2016, as detailed in Note 22.

 

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017

Profit/(loss) for the period included the following exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles:

Exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles included in:

Cost

 of sales

£m

Admin-istrative expenses

£m

Property- related items

£m

Total exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles included within operating profit

£m

Finance costs

£m

Taxation

£m

Exceptional items included within discontinued operations

£m

 

Exceptional items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net restructuring and redundancy costs

(24)

(39)

-

(63)

-

12

-

 

Investment disposal

-

124

-

124

-

(25)

-

 

Property transactions                       

-

-

65

65

-

(7)

-

 

Foreign exchange losses on GBP short-term investments held in overseas entities

-

-

-

-

(68)

-

-

 

Exceptional items relating to discontinued operations

-

-

-

-

-

-

211

 

Total exceptional items

(24)

85

65

126

(68)

(20)

211

 

Amortisation of acquired intangibles:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Total exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

(24)

85

65

126

(68)

(20)

211

 

Cash flow statement

The table below shows the impact of exceptional items on the Group cash flow statement:

Amortisation of acquired intangibles does not affect the Group's cash flow.

 

 

Cash flows from

operating activities

Cash flows from

investing activities

 

 

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

£m

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

£m

Prior year restructuring costs and other exceptional costs including trading store redundancies*

(58)

(55)

-

-

Current year restructuring costs and other exceptional costs including trading store redundancies*

(30)

(29)

-

-

Utilisation of onerous lease provisions

(32)

(39)

-

-

Property transactions

-

9

119

(134)

Property transactions - sale of investment in joint venture

-

-

-

19

Settlement of claims for customer redress in Tesco Bank

(28)

(10)

-

-

DPA/compensation scheme payments

(27)

(135)

-

-

Proceeds from sale of investments - Lazada

-

-

-

196

Proceeds from sale of subsidiaries treated as discontinued

-

-

-

23

Exceptional cash flows from discontinued operations

-

-

-

(5)

Total

(175)

(259)

119

99

*  Cash outflows on settlement of restructuring and redundancy costs.

 

Note 5 Finance income and costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

 

Notes

26 weeks 2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

(restated(a))

£m

Finance income

 

 

 

Interest receivable and similar income

 

7

17

Financial instruments - fair value remeasurements

 

-

10

Total finance income

 

7

27

Finance costs

 

 

 

GBP MTNs and Loans

 

(76)

(112)

EUR MTNs

 

(42)

(50)

USD Bonds

 

(9)

(17)

Finance charges payable under finance leases and hire purchase contracts

 

(4)

(4)

Other interest payable

 

(24)

(31)

Capitalised interest

11

1

1

Financial instruments - fair value remeasurements(b)

 

(94)

-

Total finance costs before exceptional items and net pension finance costs

 

(248)

(213)

Net pension finance costs

16

(45)

(81)

Foreign exchange losses on GBP short-term investments held in overseas entities

 

-

(68)

Total finance costs

 

(293)

(362)

Net finance cost

 

(286)

(335)

         

(a)  Restated for reclassification of derivative interest income as detailed in Note 1.

(b)  Fair value remeasurements includes £(75)m relating to the premium paid on the repurchase of long-dated bonds.

Note 6 Taxation

Recognised in the Group income statement

Continuing operations

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

(restated)

£m

UK

79

72

Overseas

59

64

Taxation charge

138

136

 

The tax charge in the Group income statement is based on management's best estimate of the full year effective tax rates by geographical unit applied to half year profits, which is then adjusted for tax on exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles arising in the period to 25 August 2018.

 

The Finance Act 2016 included legislation to reduce the main rate of UK corporation tax from 20% to 19% from 1 April 2017 and to 17% from 1 April 2020. These rate reductions were substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and therefore included in these condensed consolidated interim financial statements. Temporary differences have been remeasured using the enacted tax rates that are expected to apply when the liability is settled or the asset realised.

 

Note 7 Discontinued operations and non-current assets classified as held for sale

Non-current assets classified as held for sale

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Non-current assets classified as held for sale

123

149

127

The non-current assets classified as held for sale consist mainly of properties in the UK and Central Europe due to be sold within one year.

 

 

Discontinued operations

There has been no profit or loss impact from discontinued operations in the current financial period. Details of discontinued operations for prior periods can be found in the Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018. These discontinued operations have had no impact on earnings per share in the current period.

The tables below show the results of the discontinued operations which are included in the prior financial period Group income statement and Group cash flow statement respectively.

Income statement

 

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

£m

Loss after tax on disposal of Turkish operations

-

(129)

Net adjustments to profit/(loss) of past disposals

-

340

Total profit/(loss) after tax of discontinued operations

-

211

Cash flow statement

 

 

26 weeks

2018

£m

26 weeks

2017

£m

Net cash flows from disposal of subsidiary

-

(11)

 

Note 8 Dividends

 

26 weeks ended

 25 August 2018

26 weeks ended

26 August 2017

 

Pence/share

£m

Pence/share

£m

Amounts recognised as distributions to owners in the financial period:

 

 

 

 

Prior financial year final dividend

2.00

195

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

Interim dividend proposed for the current financial period

1.67

164

1.00

82

 

The interim dividend was approved by the Board of Directors on 2 October 2018. The proposed dividend has not been included as a liability as at 25 August 2018, in accordance with IAS 10 'Events after the reporting period'. It will be paid on 23 November 2018 to shareholders who are on the Register of members at close of business on 12 October 2018.

The £2m prior period amount in the Group statement of changes in equity relates to a write back of unclaimed dividends.

Note 9 Earnings/(losses) per share and diluted earnings/(losses) per share

Basic earnings/(losses) per share amounts are calculated by dividing the profit/(loss) attributable to owners of the parent by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the financial period.

Diluted earnings/(losses) per share amounts are calculated by dividing the profit/(loss) attributable to owners of the parent by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the financial period adjusted for the effects of potentially dilutive share options. The dilutive effect is calculated on the full exercise of all potentially dilutive ordinary share options granted by the Group, including performance-based options which the Group considers to have been earned.

For the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 there were 78 million (26 weeks ended 26 August 2017: 15 million) potentially dilutive share options. As the Group has recognised a profit for the period from its continuing operations, dilutive effects have been considered in calculating diluted earnings per share.

 

26 weeks ended 25 August 2018

26 weeks ended 26 August 2017 (restated)

 

Basic

Potentially

 dilutive share options

Diluted

Basic

Potentially

 dilutive share options

Diluted

Profit/(loss) (£m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations*

426

-

426

419

-

419

Discontinued operations

-

-

-

211

-

211

Total

426

-

426

630

-

630

Weighted average number of shares (millions)

9,675

78

9,753

8,160

15

8,175

Earnings/(losses) per share (pence)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

4.40

(0.03)

4.37

5.13

-

5.13

Discontinued operations

-

-

-

2.59

(0.01)

2.58

Total

4.40

(0.03)

4.37

7.72

(0.01)

7.71

* Excludes profits/(losses) from non-controlling interests of £nil (26 weeks ended 26 August 2017: £(2)m).

APM: Earnings/(losses) per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

 

 

Notes

26 weeks

2018

26 weeks (restated)

2017

Profit before tax from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles (£m)

 

667

495

Add: Net pension finance costs (£m)

5

45

81

Add/(less): Fair value remeasurements on financial instruments (£m)

5

94

(10)

Profit before tax from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements (£m)

 

806

566

Profit before tax from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements attributable to the owners of the parent (£m)

 

805

567

Taxation on profit from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements attributable to the owners of the parent (£m)

 

(185)

(128)

Profit after tax from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements attributable to the owners of the parent (£m)

 

620

439

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average number of shares (millions)

 

9,675

8,160

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements (pence)

 

6.41

5.38

 

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average number of shares (millions)

 

9,753

8,175

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements (pence)

 

6.36

5.37

 

 

Note 10 Goodwill, software and other intangible assets                              

 

Goodwill, software and other intangible assets of £6,463m (24 February 2018: £2,661m, 26 August 2017: £2,752m) comprise £4,908m Goodwill (24 February 2018: £1,796m, 26 August 2017: £1,805m), £757m Software (24 February 2018: £788m, 26 August 2017: £885m) and Other intangible assets of £798m (24 February 2018: £77m, 26 August 2017: £62m).

The acquisition of Booker on 5 March 2018 resulted in recognition of additional goodwill of £3,093m and other intangible assets of £755m. This goodwill is supported by expected increase in cash flows for the combined UK retail business and has been reflected at the UK level, consistent with the lowest level at which management monitors that goodwill. The £37m impact of the amortisation of these intangibles in the financial period has been included within exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles. Refer to Note 4 and Note 19 for further details.

Goodwill

The impairment review methodology for goodwill is unchanged from that described in the Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018. There were no indicators of goodwill impairment in the period; the annual goodwill impairment review will occur in the second half of the year.

 

 

25 August 2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August 2017

£m

UK

3,836

735

743

Tesco Bank

802

802

802

Thailand

188

180

185

Malaysia

78

75

75

ROI

4

4

-

 

4,908

1,796

1,805

 

Note 11 Property, plant and equipment

 

Land and

buildings

£m

Other(a)

£m

Total

£m

Cost

 

 

 

At 24 February 2018

23,453

10,909

34,362

Foreign currency translation

220

101

321

Additions(b)

200

161

361

Acquired through business combinations (Note 19)

258

68

326

Reclassification

(1)

-

(1)

Classified (to)/from held for sale

15

-

15

Disposals

(131)

(212)

(343)

At 25 August 2018

24,014

11,027

35,041

 

Accumulated depreciation and impairment losses

 

 

 

At 24 February 2018

7,116

8,725

15,841

Foreign currency translation

70

76

146

Charge for the period

240

289

529

Impairment losses

10

1

11

Reversal of impairment losses

(5)

-

(5)

Reclassification

(1)

3

2

Classified (to)/from held for sale

13

-

13

Disposals

(93)

(211)

(304)

At 25 August 2018

7,350

8,883

16,233

 

 

 

 

Net carrying value

 

 

 

At 25 August 2018

16,664

2,144

18,808

At 26 August 2017

16,036

2,393

         18,429

 

 

 

 

Construction in progress included above(c)

 

 

 

At 25 August 2018

81

59

140

At 26 August 2017

70

55

125

(a)  Other assets consist of fixtures and fittings with a net carrying value of £1,641m (24 February 2018: £1,752m, 26 August 2017: £1,942m), office equipment with a net carrying value of £179m (24 February 2018: £116m, 26 August 2017: £127m) and motor vehicles with a net carrying value of £324m (24 February 2018: £316m, 26 August 2017: £324m).

(b)  Includes £1m (24 February 2018: £2m, 26 August 2017: £1m) in respect of interest capitalised, principally relating to land and buildings. The capitalisation rate used to determine the amount of finance costs capitalised during the financial period was 4.5% (24 February 2018: 4.5%, 26 August 2017: 4.2%). Interest capitalised is deducted in determining taxable profit in the financial period in which it is incurred.

(c)  Construction in progress does not include land.

The impairment review methodology for property, plant and equipment is unchanged from that described in the Annual Report and Financial Statements 2018.

 

 

Land and

buildings

£m

Other(a)

£m

Total

£m

Cost

 

 

 

At 25 February 2017

22,690

10,681

33,371

Foreign currency translation

624

247

871

Additions(b)

341

171

512

Reclassification

48

(80)

(32)

Classified (to)/from held for sale

(116)

3

(113)

Disposals

(56)

(91)

(147)

At 26 August 2017

23,531

10,931

34,462

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation and impairment losses

 

 

 

At 25 February 2017

7,095

8,168

15,263

Foreign currency translation

239

200

439

Charge for the period

229

303

532

Impairment losses

13

6

19

Reversal of impairment losses

(19)

-

(19)

Reclassification

66

(67)

(1)

Classified (to)/from held for sale

(84)

6

(78)

Disposals

(44)

(78)

(122)

At 26 August 2017

7,495

8,538

16,033

(a)-(b) Refer to previous page for footnotes.

 

Commitments for capital expenditure contracted for, but not incurred, at 25 August 2018 were £178m (24 February 2018: £116m, 26 August 2017: £232m), principally relating to store development.

Note 12 Cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

Cash and cash equivalents

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Cash at bank and in hand

2,987

3,580

4,039

Short-term deposits

256

479

280

 

3,243

4,059

4,319

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term investments

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Money market funds

760

1,029

2,388

 

There was no restricted cash balance at the current financial period end (24 February 2018: £777m, 26 August 2017: £777m). The prior periods' balance related to amounts that were set aside for completion of the merger with Booker.

 

Note 13 Commercial income

Below are the commercial income balances included within inventories and trade and other receivables, or netted against trade and other payables. Amounts received in advance of income being earned are included in accruals and deferred income.

 

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Current assets

 

 

 

Inventories

(51)

(69)

(63)

Trade and other receivables

 

 

 

Trade/other receivables

123

169

122

Accrued income

160

186

156

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

 

Trade payables

130

199

114

Accruals and deferred income

(17)

(7)

(8)

 

Note 14 Borrowings

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Par value

Maturity

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

 

 

 

Bank loans and overdrafts

-

-

605

351

1,346

 

 

 

Loans from joint ventures

-

-

6

6

6

 

 

 

1.250% MTN

€500m

Nov 2017

-

-

465

 

 

 

5.5% USD Bond

$850m

Nov 2017

-

-

678

 

 

 

5.2% Tesco Bank Retail Bond

£125m

Aug 2018

-

126

128

 

 

 

3.375% MTN

€750m

Nov 2018

697

667

-

 

 

 

1.375% MTN

€931m

Jul 2019

843

-

-

 

 

 

LIBOR + 0.65% Tesco Bank Bond(a)

£300m

Apr 2020

-

300

300

 

 

 

LIBOR + 0.65% Tesco Bank Bond(b)

£350m

May 2021

350

-

-

 

 

 

5.5457% Secured Bond(c)(d)

£341m

Feb 2029

19

17

16

 

 

 

Finance leases

-

-

14

12

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,534

1,479

2,950

 

 

 

                         

(a)  This bond was issued on 13 May 2015 and was redeemed on its scheduled redemption date in April 2018.

(b)  This bond was issued on 6 June 2014. The scheduled redemption date of this bond is May 2019.

(c)  The bonds are secured by a charge over the property, plant and equipment held within the Tesco Property Limited Partnership, a 100% owned subsidiary of Tesco PLC. The carrying amounts of assets pledged as security for secured bonds is £782m (24 February 2018: £786m, 26 August 2017: £785m).

(d)  This is an amortising bond which matures in February 2029. £19m (24 February 2018: £17m, 26 August 2017: £16m) is the principal repayment due within the next 12 months. The remainder is payable in quarterly instalments until maturity in February 2029.

(e)  The 1% RPI Tesco Bank Retail Bond is redeemable at par, indexed for increases in the RPI over the life of the bond.

(f)   During the period, the Group undertook a tender for outstanding bonds and as a result the following notional amounts were repaid early, 6.125% MTN February 2022 £369m, 5% MTN March 2023 £67m, 6% MTN December 2029 £61m, 5.5% MTN January 2033 £26m, 4.875% MTN March 2042 £38m and 5.2% MTN March 2057 £39m.

(g)  This bond was issued on 7 November 2017. The scheduled redemption date of this bond is October 2020.

(h)  The 3.322% Limited Price Inflation (LPI) MTN is redeemable at par, indexed for increases in the RPI over the life of the MTN. The maximum indexation of the principal in any one year is 5%, with a minimum of 0%.

(i)    The 1.982% RPI MTN is redeemable at par, indexed for increases in the RPI over the life of the MTN.

 

Non-current

 

Par value

Maturity

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

3.375% MTN

€750m

Nov 2018

-

-

709

1.375% MTN

€931m

Jul 2019

-

826

1,152

5.5% MTN

£181m

Dec 2019

188

183

363

1% RPI Tesco Bank Retail Bond(e)

£71m

Dec 2019

71

70

69

 

2.125% MTN

€500m

Nov 2020

459

441

466

 

5% Tesco Bank Retail Bond

£200m

Nov 2020

203

204

208

 

LIBOR + 0.65% Tesco Bank Bond(b)

£350m

May 2021

-

350

349

 

6.125% MTN(f)

£531m

Feb 2022

545

952

924

 

LIBOR + 0.53% Tesco Bank Bond(g)

£300m

Oct 2022

298

298

-

 

5% MTN(f)

£171m

Mar 2023

179

254

401

 

2.5% MTN

€750m

Jul 2024

677

666

689

 

3.322% LPI MTN(h)

£339m

Nov 2025

342

338

331

 

5.5457% Secured Bond(c)(d)

£341m

Feb 2029

312

322

331

 

6.067% Secured Bond(c)

£200m

Feb 2029

191

190

190

 

LIBOR + 1.2% Secured Bond(c)

£50m

Feb 2029

34

33

32

 

6% MTN(f)

£98m

Dec 2029

123

198

257

 

5.5% MTN(f)

£150m

Jan 2033

191

221

259

 

1.982% RPI MTN(i)

£281m

Mar 2036

283

279

272

 

6.15% USD Bond

$850m

Nov 2037

684

616

807

 

4.875% MTN(f)

£64m

Mar 2042

62

103

171

 

5.125% MTN

€356m

Apr 2047

324

323

330

 

5.2% MTN(f)

£129m

Mar 2057

126

165

222

 

Finance leases

-

-

111

110

106

 

 

 

 

5,403

7,142

8,638

             

*  Refer to previous table for footnotes.

Borrowing facilities

The Group has the following undrawn committed facilities available at 25 August 2018, in respect of which all conditions precedent had been met as at that date:

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Expiring in less than one year

38

38

-

Expiring between one and two years

-

-

-

Expiring in more than two years

3,000

4,232

4,438

 

3,038

4,270

4,438

The current year undrawn committed facilities include £0.4bn (24 February 2018: £1.6bn, 26 August 2017: £1.8bn) of bilateral facilities and a £2.6bn (24 February 2018: £2.6bn, 26 August 2017: £2.6bn) syndicated revolving credit facility. All facilities incur commitment fees at market rates and would provide funding at floating rates.

 

Note 15 Financial instruments

 

The following table presents the Group's financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value at 25 August 2018, by level of fair value hierarchy:

 

•      quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1);

•      inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly (from prices) or indirectly (derived from prices) (Level 2); and

•      inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (from unobservable inputs) (Level 3).

 

At 25 August 2018

Level 1

£m

Level 2

£m

Level 3

£m

Total

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

685

-

5

690

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

35

-

35

- Cross currency swaps

-

431

-

431

- Index-linked swaps

-

734

-

734

- Forward contracts

-

193

-

193

Total assets

685

1,393

5

2,083

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

(65)

-

(65)

- Cross currency swaps

-

(6)

-

(6)

- Index-linked swaps

-

(452)

-

(452)

- Forward contracts

-

(116)

-

(116)

Total liabilities

-

(639)

-

(639)

Total

685

754

5

1,444

At 24 February 2018

Level 1

£m

 

 

Level 2

£m

 

 

Level 3

£m

Total

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

923

-

5

928

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

47

-

47

- Cross currency swaps

-

345

-

345

- Index-linked swaps

-

724

-

724

- Forward contracts

-

28

-

28

Total assets

923

1,144

5

2,072

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

(105)

-

(105)

- Cross currency swaps

-

(48)

-

(48)

- Index-linked swaps

-

(443)

-

(443)

- Forward contracts

-

(67)

-

(67)

Total liabilities

-

(663)

-

(663)

Total

923

481

5

1,409

 

 

At 26 August 2017

Level 1

£m

 

Level 2

£m

 

Level 3

£m

Total

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

949

-

5

954

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

27

-

27

- Cross currency swaps

-

718

-

718

- Index-linked swaps

-

705

-

705

- Forward contracts

-

62

-

62

Total assets

949

1,512

5

2,466

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments:

 

 

 

 

- Interest rate swaps and similar instruments

-

(142)

-

(142)

- Cross currency swaps

-

(8)

-

(8)

- Index-linked swaps

-

(406)

-

(406)

- Forward contracts

-

(65)

-

(65)

Total liabilities

-

(621)

-

(621)

Total

949

891

5

1,845

 

There were no transfers between Levels 1 and 2 during the period (24 February 2018: £nil, 26 August 2017: £nil) and no transfers into or out of Level 3 fair value measurements (24 February 2018: £nil, 26 August 2017: £nil).

 

The Group's policy is to recognise transfers into and transfers out of fair value hierarchy levels as of the date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer.

 

Carrying amounts versus fair values

The carrying amounts of the following financial assets and financial liabilities are a reasonable approximation of their fair value: cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income, trade and other receivables, trade and other payables, derivative financial assets/liabilities and deposits from banks (Tesco Bank).

The carrying value and fair value of the remaining financial assets and liabilities are as follows:

 

 

25 August 2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August 2017

£m

 

Carrying

value

£m

 

Fair value

£m

Carrying

value

£m

 

Fair value

£m

Carrying

value

£m

 

Fair value

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to customers and banks - Tesco Bank

12,393

12,550

11,522

11,659

10,762

10,921

Joint venture and associate loan receivables

119

88

138

139

138

155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term borrowings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Amortised cost

(2,520)

(2,540)

(1,467)

(1,240)

(2,657)

(2,665)

-Bonds in fair value hedge relationships

-

-

-

-

(282)

(279)

Long-term borrowings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Amortised cost

(4,332)

(4,815)

(6,137)

(6,210)

(7,439)

(7,931)

-Bonds in fair value hedge relationships

(960)

(1,006)

(895)

(818)

(1,093)

(1,001)

Customer deposits - Tesco Bank

(10,070)

(10,049)

(9,245)

(9,224)

(8,894)

(8,912)

Finance leases

(125)

(110)

(122)

(132)

(117)

(129)

 

The fair values of financial instruments and derivatives have been determined by reference to prices available from the markets on which the instruments are traded, where they are available. Where market prices are not available, the fair value has been calculated by discounting expected future cash flows at prevailing interest rates. The expected maturity of the financial assets and liabilities is not considered materially different to their current and non-current classifications.

 

Note 16 Post-employment benefits

Pensions

The Group operates a variety of post-employment benefit arrangements, covering both funded and unfunded defined benefit schemes and funded defined contribution schemes. The most significant of these are the Tesco PLC Pension Scheme (the Scheme), the Booker Pension Scheme, the Republic of Ireland defined benefit pension scheme, and the funded defined contribution pension scheme for employees in the UK. Both the Scheme and the Booker Pension Scheme are defined benefit pension schemes in the UK closed to future accrual.

Of these schemes, the UK defined benefit pension deficit represents 95% of the Group deficit (24 February 2018: 96%, 26 August 2017: 96%).

On 5 March 2018, the Group acquired Booker, which has three defined benefit schemes. The Booker Pension Scheme, closed to future accrual, is the primary scheme, with two smaller closed schemes relating to retail partners Budgens and Londis. The last Booker Pension Scheme triennial valuation showed a funding deficit of £41m at 31 March 2016, with agreed contributions of £5m per annum for six years from 1 April 2017. No contributions were required for the retail partner schemes.

Summary of movements in Group deficit during the financial period

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Deficit in schemes at the beginning of the period

(3,282)

(6,621)

(6,621)

Current service cost

(19)

(38)

(22)

Net pension finance cost

(45)

(162)

(81)

Contributions by employer

17

34

19

Additional contributions by employer

142

245

129

Foreign currency translation

(4)

(5)

(8)

Return on plan assets greater/(less) than discount rate

675

(57)

552

Gains/(losses) on change of financial assumptions

67

2,190

1,770

Experience gains/(losses)

(3)

452

606

Gains/(losses) on change of demographic assumptions

(100)

680

711

Deficit acquired in business combination*

(22)

-

-

Deficit in schemes at the end of the period

(2,574)

(3,282)

(2,945)

Deferred tax asset

430

554

506

Deficit in schemes at the end of the period, net of deferred tax

(2,144)

(2,728)

(2,439)

*   Refer to Note 19 for details of the acquisition of Booker.

Scheme principal financial assumptions

The major assumptions, on a weighted average basis, used by the actuaries to value the defined benefit obligation for the Scheme were as follows:

 

25 August

2018

%

24 February 2018

%

26 August

2017

%

Discount rate

2.9

2.9

2.8

Price inflation

3.1

3.1

3.1

Rate of increase in deferred pensions*

2.1

2.1

2.1

Rate of increase in pensions in payment*

 

 

 

Benefits accrued before 1 June 2012

2.9

2.9

2.9

Benefits accrued after 1 June 2012

2.2

2.2

2.2

*   In excess of any Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) element.

If the discount rate assumption increased by 0.1% or 1.0%, the Scheme defined benefit obligation would decrease by approximately £388m or £3,382m respectively. If this assumption decreased by 0.1% or 1.0%, the Scheme defined benefit obligation would increase by approximately £405m or £4,741m respectively.

If the inflation assumption increased by 0.1% or 1.0%, the Scheme defined benefit obligation would increase by approximately £340m or £3,689m respectively. If this assumption decreased by 0.1% or 1.0%, the Scheme defined benefit obligation would decrease by approximately £324m or £2,880m respectively.

 

 

Note 17 Analysis of changes in net debt

 

At

24 February

2018

£m

 

 

IFRS 9 adjustment*

£m

Cash

flow

£m

Fair value movements

£m

Foreign exchange movements

£m

Interest income/

(charge)

£m

Other

non-cash

movements

£m

At

25 August

2018

£m

Total Group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank and other borrowings

(8,318)

-

873

(134)

(86)

(14)

-

(7,679)

Finance lease payables

(122)

-

7

-

(2)

-

(8)

(125)

Net derivative financial instruments

465

-

15

266

-

7

-

753

Arising from financing activities

(7,975)

-

895

132

(88)

(7)

(8)

(7,051)

Cash and cash equivalents

4,059

-

(848)

-

32

-

-

3,243

Short-term investments

1,029

-

(269)

-

-

-

-

760

Joint venture loans

138

(13)

(5)

-

-

-

-

120

Interest and other receivables

1

-

(7)

-

-

6

-

-

Interest payables

(181)

-

187

(2)

-

(137)

-

(133)

Net derivative interest

16

-

(13)

-

-

(2)

-

1

Total Group

(2,913)

(13)

(60)

130

(56)

(140)

(8)

(3,060)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tesco Bank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank and other borrowings

(1,584)

-

425

-

-

-

-

(1,159)

Net derivative financial instruments

(42)

-

-

31

-

-

-

(11)

Arising from financing activities

(1,626)

-

425

31

-

-

-

(1,170)

Cash and cash equivalents

1,304

-

(97)

-

-

-

-

1,207

Joint ventures loans

34

-

(5)

-

-

-

-

29

Interest payables

-

-

2

-

-

(2)

-

-

Tesco Bank

(288)

-

325

31

-

(2)

-

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank and other borrowings

(6,734)

-

448

(134)

(86)

(14)

-

(6,520)

Finance lease payables

(122)

-

7

-

(2)

-

(8)

(125)

Net derivative financial instruments

507

-

15

235

-

7

-

764

Arising from financing activities

(6,349)

-

470

101

(88)

(7)

(8)

(5,881)

Cash and cash equivalents

2,755

-

(751)

-

32

-

-

2,036

Short-term investments

1,029

-

(269)

-

-

-

-

760

Joint ventures loans

104

(13)

-

-

-

-

-

91

Interest and other receivables

1

 

-

(7)

-

-

6

-

-

Interest payables

(181)

-

185

(2)

-

(135)

-

(133)

Net derivative interest

16

-

(13)

-

-

(2)

-

1

Net debt

(2,625)

(13)

(385)

99

(56)

(138)

(8)

(3,126)

*   Impact of adopting IFRS 9 as explained in Note 1 and Note 23.

 

Net debt excludes the net debt of Tesco Bank but includes that of discontinued operations. Balances and movements in respect of the total Group and Tesco Bank are presented to allow reconciliation between the Group balance sheet and the Group cash flow statement.

 

 

Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in Net debt

25 August 2018

£m

26 August 2017
£m

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(848)

490

Elimination of Tesco Bank movement in cash and cash equivalents

97

26

Retail cash movement in other Net debt items:

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in short-term investments

(269)

(345)

Net increase/(decrease) in joint venture loans

-

1

Net (increase)/decrease in borrowings and lease financing

455

600

Net cash flows from derivative financial instruments

15

(188)

Net interest paid on components of Net debt

165

149

Change in Net debt resulting from cash flow

(385)

733

Retail IFRS 9 adjustment

(13)

-

Retail net interest charge on components of Net debt

(138)

(196)

Retail fair value and foreign exchange movements

43

(63)

Retail other non-cash movements

(8)

(5)

(Increase)/decrease in Net debt for the period

(501)

469

Opening Net debt

(2,625)

(3,729)

Closing Net debt

(3,126)

(3,260)

Note 18 Called up share capital

 

 

26 weeks ended

25 August 2018

52 weeks ended

24 February 2018

 

Ordinary shares of 5p each

Ordinary shares of 5p each

 

Number

£m

Number

£m

Allotted, called up and fully paid:

 

 

 

 

At the beginning of the financial period

8,192,116,619

410

8,174,932,553

409

Share options exercised

40,366,861

2

5,184,066

-

Share bonus awards issued

12,000,000

1

12,000,000

1

Shares issued for the acquisition of Booker (Note 19)

1,547,854,846

77

-

-

At the end of the financial period

9,792,338,326

490

8,192,116,619

410

During the current financial period, 40.4 million (52 weeks ended 24 February 2018: 5.2 million) ordinary shares of 5p each were issued in relation to share options for an aggregate consideration of £58m (52 weeks ended 24 February 2018: £8m), 12.0 million (52 weeks ended 24 February 2018: 12.0 million) ordinary shares of 5p each were issued in relation to share bonus awards and 1,548 million ordinary shares of 5p each were issued as a result of the acquisition of Booker.

The shares issued as consideration for Booker were valued at £3,127m based on the published share price on 2 March 2018 of 202.0 pence with £77m recognised as share capital and the remaining £3,050m recognised as a merger reserve, included within Other reserves on the Group statement of changes in equity.

Refer to Note 19 for further details on the acquisition of Booker.

The holders of ordinary shares are entitled to receive dividends as declared from time to time and are entitled to one vote per share at general meetings of Tesco PLC (the Company).

 

Note 19 Business combinations

On 5 March 2018, the Group acquired a 100% stake in Booker. Booker is the largest food wholesaler in the UK.

The acquisition builds on the Group's core expertise of sourcing, distributing and selling food in the UK market and will enable the Group to enter the faster growing out-of-home food consumption market. The Directors expect the merger to deliver financial synergies through both revenue and cost synergies.

The transaction has been accounted for as an acquisition of a business in accordance with IFRS 3 'Business Combinations'. The total consideration of £3,993m was satisfied by cash, shares and other items as detailed in the table below. Booker shareholders received 0.861 Tesco PLC ordinary shares and 42.6 pence in cash per Booker share held. A total of 1,548 million new ordinary shares of the Company have been issued as a result of the transaction, with new shares carrying equal voting and distribution rights as the existing ordinary shares. The fair value of the shares is based on the published share price on 2 March 2018 of 202.0 pence.

The consideration and cash flow impacts of acquisitions in the current financial period are reflected below:

 

 

Cash flow statement

 

 

Consideration

£m

Operating cash flows

£m

Investing cash flows

£m

Cash outflow from major acquisition

£m

Acquisition of Booker

 

 

 

 

Cash consideration

766

-

(766)

(766)

Equity shares issued

3,127

-

-

-

 

3,893

-

(766)

(766)

Fair value of Booker's share plans acquired

33

-

-

-

Dividend paid to Booker shareholders

67

-

(67)

(67)

Acquisition costs paid

-

(43)

-

(43)

Less cash acquired

-

-

129

129

Total Booker

3,993

(43)

(704)

(747)

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of another subsidiary

11

-

(11)

-

Total acquisitions

4,004

(43)

(715)

(747)

             

The fair value of assets and liabilities recognised as a result of the acquisition of Booker are as follows:

 

 

Fair value

£m

Property, plant and equipment

326

Acquired intangible assets

755

Asset held for sale

34

Cash and cash equivalents

129

Trade and other receivables

173

Inventories

357

Deferred tax

(126)

Trade and other payables

(663)

Non-current liabilities

(19)

Provisions

(44)

Post-employment benefit obligations

(22)

Total

900

Goodwill

3,093

Purchase consideration

3,993

 

The goodwill is primarily attributable to synergies, new customers, the acquired workforce and business expertise. None of the goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. Refer to Note 10 for the changes in goodwill as a result of the acquisition of Booker.  

Acquired intangible assets comprise catering customer relationships of £657m, retail customer relationships of £58m, brands of £30m and a property-related purchase option valued at £10m. The customer relationships and brand assets are amortised over 9 to 15 years. The amortisation charge on the acquired intangibles is excluded from the Group's operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles.

The fair value of acquired trade and other receivables is £173m and includes trade receivables with a fair value of £123m. The gross contractual amount for trade receivables due was £132m, of which £9m is expected to be uncollectable.

Booker contributed revenues of £2,960m and net profit after tax of £57m to the Group from 5 March 2018 to 25 August 2018. The £57m profit includes the impact of consolidation adjustments, primarily £(37)m of amortisation expense on acquired intangible assets. If the acquisition had occurred on 25 February 2018, Group revenue and net profit after tax for the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 would not be materially different. Transaction costs of £22m have been included in Administrative expenses for the 26 weeks ended 25 August 2018 (52 weeks ended 24 February 2018: £21m).

Note 20 Contingent liabilities

There are a number of contingent liabilities that arise in the normal course of business, which if realised, are not expected to result in a material liability to the Group. The Group recognises provisions for liabilities when it is more likely than not that a settlement will be required and the value of such a payment can be reliably estimated.

 

As previously reported, law firms in the UK have announced the intention of forming claimant groups to commence litigation against the Group for matters arising out of or in connection with its overstatement of expected profits in 2014, and purport to have secured third party funding for such litigation. In this regard, the Group has received two High Court claims against Tesco PLC. The first was received on 31 October 2016 from a group of 112 investors (now reduced to 78 investors) and the second was received on 5 December 2016 from an investment company and a trust company. The merit, likely outcome and potential impact on the Group of any such litigation that either has been or might potentially be brought against the Group is subject to a number of significant uncertainties and, therefore, the Group cannot make any assessment of the likely outcome or quantum of any such litigation as at the date of this disclosure.

 

Prior to the disposal of its Korean operations (Homeplus), Tesco PLC provided guarantees in respect of 13 Homeplus lease agreements in Korea in the event of termination of the relevant lease agreement by the landlord due to Homeplus' default. Entities controlled by MBK Partners and Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB), as the purchasers of Homeplus, undertook to procure Tesco PLC's release from these guarantees following the disposal of Homeplus. Five guarantees currently remain outstanding. This liability decreases over time with all relevant leases expiring in the period between 2027 and 2031. The maximum potential liability under these outstanding guarantees is between KRW 246bn (£171m) and KRW 405bn (£282m). 

 

In the event that the guarantees are called, the potential economic outflow is estimated at KRW 169bn (£118m), with funds of KRW 73bn (£51m) placed in escrow to provide the primary payment mechanism for these guarantees. The net potential outflow to Tesco is therefore estimated at KRW96bn (£67m). Additionally, Tesco PLC has the benefit of an indemnity from the purchasers of Homeplus for any claims made over and above the amounts in escrow.

 

Following the sale of Homeplus in 2015, as disclosed in the Prospectus issued by the Company on 5 February 2018, the Group has received claims from the purchasers relating to the sale of the business. The claims are being vigorously defended. The merit, likely outcome and potential impact on the Group of the claims have evolved since originally issued and are subject to a number of significant uncertainties.  Consequently, the Group cannot make any assessment of the likely outcome or quantum of the claims at present.

 

As previously reported, Tesco Stores Limited has received claims from current and former Tesco store colleagues alleging that their work is of equal value to that of colleagues working in Tesco's distribution centres and that differences in terms and conditions relating to pay are not objectively justifiable. The claimants are seeking the differential between the pay terms looking back, and equivalence of pay terms moving forward. At present, the likely number of claims that may be received and the merit, likely outcome and potential impact on the Group of any such litigation is subject to a number of significant uncertainties and therefore, the Group cannot make any assessment of the likely outcome or quantum of any such litigation as at the date of this disclosure. There are substantial factual and legal defences to these claims and the Group intends to defend them.

Note 21 Lease commitments

Operating lease commitments - Group as lessee

Future minimum lease commitments under non-cancellable operating leases are as follows:

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Within one year

1,121

1,077

1,148

Greater than one year but less than five years

3,686

3,552

3,707

After five years

6,979

6,788

7,105

Total minimum lease commitments

11,786

11,417

11,960

Of the financial period end minimum lease commitments of £11,786m, £512m relates to leases held by Booker entities.

Future minimum lease commitments under non-cancellable operating leases after five years are analysed further as follows:

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Greater than five years but less than ten years

3,183

3,035

3,092

Greater than ten years but less than fifteen years

2,038

2,008

2,098

After fifteen years

1,758

1,745

1,915

Total minimum lease commitments - after five years

6,979

6,788

7,105

 

The Group has used operating lease commitments discounted at 7% (24 February 2018: 7%, 26 August 2017: 7%) of £7,202m (24 February 2018: £6,931m, 26 August 2017: £7,255m) in its calculation of total indebtedness. The discounted operating lease commitment included in total indebtedness is not an appropriate proxy for the expected impact of recognising a lease liability under IFRS 16 'Leases', primarily due to differences in the discount rates used and the treatment of additional lease rentals arising from contracts that contain extend or buy conditions, amongst other differences.

 

Operating lease commitments represent rentals payable by the Group for certain of its retail, distribution and office properties and other assets such as motor vehicles. The leases have varying terms, purchase options, escalation clauses and renewal rights. Purchase options and renewal rights, where they occur, are at market value. Escalation clauses are in line with market practices and include inflation linked, fixed rates, resets to market rents and hybrids of these.

The Group has lease-break options on certain sale and leaseback transactions. These options are exercisable if the Group exercises an existing option to buy back, at market value and at a specified date, either the leased asset or the equity of the other joint venture partner. No commitment has been included in respect of the buy-back option as the option is at the Group's discretion. The Group is not obliged to pay lease rentals after that date, therefore minimum lease commitments exclude those falling after the buy-back date. The current market value of these properties is £2.8bn (24 February 2018: £2.8bn, 26 August 2017: £2.9bn) and the total undiscounted lease rentals, if they were to be incurred following the option exercise date, would be £2.9bn (24 February 2018: £2.6bn, 26 August 2017: £2.6bn) using current rent values, as shown below.

The additional lease rentals if incurred following the option exercise date would be as follows:

 

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

26 August

2017

£m

Within one year

-

2

14

Greater than one year but less than five years

339

265

198

Greater than five years but less than ten years

746

738

717

Greater than ten years but less than fifteen years

746

659

660

After fifteen years

1,114

935

976

Total undiscounted contingent additional lease rentals

2,945

2,599

2,565

Total discounted contingent additional lease rentals at 7%

1,353

1,159

1,151

 

The lease break options are exercisable between the current year and 2023.

Operating lease commitments with joint ventures and associates

In prior years, the Group entered into several joint ventures and associates, and sold and leased back properties to and from these joint ventures and associates. The terms of these sale and leasebacks varied. However, common factors included: the sale of the properties to the joint venture or associate at market value; options within the lease for the Group to repurchase the properties at market value; market rent reviews; and 20 to 30 year lease terms. The Group reviews the substance as well as the form of the arrangements when determining the classification of leases as operating or finance. All of the leases under these arrangements are operating leases.

Note 22 Events after reporting period

 

In November 2016, Tesco Bank's debit cards were the subject of an online fraudulent attack. The Group's priority throughout was to ensure customers' accounts were protected and that it communicated with customers immediately and transparently, reassuring customers that there was no data loss or breach of systems. The Group undertook immediate remedial action and an independent review of the issue and has worked closely with the authorities and regulators on this incident.

 

On 1 October 2018, the FCA issued a warning notice to the Group in relation to the incident and the Group has accepted this and agreed to a settlement payment of £16m.  As a result, the Group has recognised a regulatory provision for this amount at 25 August 2018. Management expect to fully utilise this provision during the year ended 23 February 2019.

 

On 13 September 2018, Tesco exercised its option to buy back the 50% equity holding in the Tesco Atrato Limited Partnership held by the other joint venture partner. The acquisition is scheduled to complete in September 2019, and will lead to a reduction in minimum lease commitments disclosed in Note 21 of £765m (discounted: £374m). The most recent audited financial statements for the partnership as at 31 December 2017 showed net liabilities of £(14)m, principally composed of investment properties of £658m, borrowings of £(490)m and derivative financial liabilities of £(184)m.

Note 23 Changes in accounting policies

This note explains the impact of the adoption of IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' on the Group's financial position and financial performance.

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' replaced IAS 39 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement' with the exception of macro hedge accounting. The standard became applicable for the current financial period. The Group has applied the classification, measurement and impairment requirements of the standard retrospectively, adjusting the opening balance sheet at the transition date of 25 February 2018 with no restatement of comparative periods. Hedge accounting relationships within the scope of IFRS 9 will transition prospectively.

Classification and measurement

The Group has made the following classification changes:

-   All financial instruments classified as loans and receivables under IAS 39 have been classified and measured at amortised cost under

 IFRS 9;

-   All financial instruments classified as available-for-sale under IAS 39 have been classified and measured at fair value through other comprehensive income under IFRS 9; and

-   All financial instruments classified as fair value through profit or loss under IAS 39 will continue to be measured at fair value through profit or loss under IFRS 9.

Impairment

IFRS 9 requires the Group to recognise expected credit losses (ECL), and to update the amount of ECL recognised at each reporting date to reflect changes in the credit risk of financial assets. The ECL have been measured under the simplified approach, with the exception of loans and advances to customers and banks, financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income and joint venture loans, where the general approach is applied.

The assessment of credit risk and the estimation of ECL are required to be unbiased, forward-looking and probability-weighted, determined by evaluating at the reporting date for each financial asset a range of possible outcomes using reasonable and supportable information about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future events and economic conditions. The estimation of ECL also takes into account the time value of money.

Transition adjustment

The change in impairment methodology reduced the Group's opening retained earnings on 25 February 2018 by £177m, with corresponding changes in the following balance sheet items:

 

24 February 2018

(restated)

£m

IFRS 9 adjustment

£m

25 February 2018

£m

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

186

(13)

173

Loans and advances to customers and banks

6,885

(73)

6,812

Deferred tax assets

116

59

175

Current assets

 

 

 

Loans and advances to customers and banks

4,637

(150)

4,487

Total adjustment

 

(177)

 

IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'

IFRS 15 introduces a five-step approach to the timing of revenue recognition based on performance obligations in customer contracts. The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

The Group recognises revenue from the principal activities of retailing and associated activities and retail banking and insurance services through Tesco Bank. For the majority of revenue streams, there is a low level of judgement applied in determining the consideration or the timing of transfer of control.

The following revenue streams have been impacted by the adoption of IFRS 15.

Insurance renewal commission

Prior to the adoption of IFRS 15, the Group recognised Tesco Bank insurance commission income on policy renewals at the time of the renewal. Under IFRS 15, the Group recognises commission income as policies are sold for a minority of insurance policies managed and underwritten by a third party. This is the point in time at which the Group has satisfied all of its performance obligations in relation to the policies sold and it is considered highly probable that a significant reversal in the amount of revenue recognised will not occur in future periods. A contract asset has been recognised in relation to this revenue, which is included within trade and other receivables.

Clubcard

Consistent with previous accounting policy, Clubcard and loyalty initiatives are considered a separate performance obligation. IFRS 15 introduces a change in the valuation of these initiatives; from the stand-alone fair value to the fair value relative to the total transaction price. A contract liability continues to be recognised for Clubcard points issued, not yet redeemed and is included within trade and other payables.

Tesco Mobile

Prior to adoption of IFRS 15, the Group recognised handset and airtime income on pay monthly telecoms contracts as airtime services were provided to the customer. Under IFRS 15, the total contract transaction price is allocated across the two performance obligations; with handset income being recognised on delivery of the handset to the customer and airtime income recognised over time as the service is provided. A contract asset has been recognised in relation to handset revenue, which is included within trade and other receivables.

Transition adjustment

The Group has adopted IFRS 15 retrospectively, with comparatives restated from a transition date of 26 February 2017. Opening retained earnings increased by £20m with a corresponding increase in trade and other receivables of £19m, an increase in inventory of £1m, a decrease in trade and other payables of £3m, a decrease in provisions of £3m, and an increase in the deferred tax liability of £(6)m.

In the six months ended 26 August 2017, as a result of applying IFRS 15, revenue and operating profit decreased by £(9)m and taxation expense decreased by £2m leading to a reduction in profit after tax of £(7)m.

 

Glossary - Alternative performance measures

Introduction

In the reporting of financial information, the Directors have adopted various APMs.

These measures are not defined by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and therefore may not be directly comparable with other companies' APMs, including those in the Group's industry.

APMs should be considered in addition to, and are not intended to be a substitute for, or superior to, IFRS measurements.

Purpose

The Directors believe that these APMs assist in providing additional useful information on the underlying trends, performance and position of the Group.

APMs are also used to enhance the comparability of information between reporting periods and geographical units (such as like-for-like sales), by adjusting for non-recurring or uncontrollable factors which affect IFRS measures, to aid users in understanding the Group's performance.

Consequently, APMs are used by the Directors and management for performance analysis, planning, reporting and incentive-setting purposes.

The key APMs that the Group has focused on and changes to APMs within the period can be found in Note 1.

Some of the Group's IFRS measures are translated at constant exchange rates. Constant exchange rates are the average actual periodic exchange rates for the previous financial period and are used to eliminate the effects of exchange rate fluctuations in assessing performance. Actual exchange rates are the average actual periodic exchange rates for that financial period.

 

APM

Closest equivalent
IFRS measure

Adjustments to reconcile
to IFRS measure

Note/page reference for reconciliation

Definition and purpose

Income statement

Revenue measures

 

 

 

 

Group sales

Revenue

Exclude sales made at petrol

filling stations

Note 2

Excludes the impact of sales made at petrol filling stations to demonstrate the Group's underlying performance in the core retail and financial services businesses by removing the volatilities associated with the movement in fuel prices. This is a key management incentive metric.

Growth in sales

No direct equivalent

Consistent with accounting

policy

Not applicable

Growth in sales is a ratio that measures year-on-year movement in Group sales for continuing operations for 26 weeks. It shows the annual rate of increase in the Group's sales and is considered a good indicator of how rapidly the Group's core business is growing.

Like-for-like

No direct equivalent

Consistent with accounting

policy

Not applicable

Like-for-like is a measure of growth in Group online sales and sales from stores that have been open for at least a year (but excludes prior year sales of stores closed during the year) at constant foreign exchange rates. It is a widely used indicator of a retailer's current trading performance and is important when comparing growth between retailers that have different profiles of expansion, disposals and closures.

Profit measures

 

 

 

 

Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

Operating profit*

Exceptional items

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

Note 2

Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles is the headline measure of the Group's performance. This is a key management incentive metric.

Operating margin

No direct equivalent

Consistent with accounting

policy

Not applicable

Operating margin is calculated as operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles divided by revenue. Progression in operating margin is an important indicator of the Group's operating efficiency.

Earnings before exceptional items, interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and rent expense (EBITDAR)

Operating profit*

Exceptional items

Depreciation and amortisation

Rent expense

Tesco Bank EBITDAR

Discontinued operations

Page 52

This measure is based on Retail operating profit from continuing operations. It excludes Retail exceptional items, depreciation, amortisation and rent expense and is used to derive the Total indebtedness ratio and Fixed charge cover APMs.

 

* Operating profit is presented on the Group income statement. It is not defined per IFRS, however, is a generally accepted profit measure.

 

APM

Closest equivalent
IFRS measure

Adjustments to reconcile
to IFRS measure

Note/page reference for reconciliation

Definition and purpose

Profit measures continued

 

 

 

Profit before
tax before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension
finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Profit before tax

•  Exceptional items

•  Amortisation of acquired intangibles

•  Net pension finance costs

•  Fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Note 9

·  This measure excludes exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net finance costs of the defined benefit pension deficit and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments. Net pension finance costs are impacted by corporate bond yields, which can fluctuate significantly and are reset each year based on often volatile external market factors. Fair value remeasurements are impacted by changes to credit risk and various market indices, which can fluctuate significantly. Also included in these items are fair value remeasurements on financial instruments resulting from liability management exercises.

Profits/(losses) arising on property-related items

No direct equivalent

•  Consistent with accounting      policy

Not applicable

Profits/(losses) arising on property-related items relates to the Group's property activities including; gains and losses on disposal of property assets, development property built for resale and property joint ventures; costs resulting from changes in the Group's store portfolio and distribution network, including pre-opening and post-closure costs; and income/(charges) associated with impairment of non-trading property and related onerous contracts.

·  These items are disclosed separately to clearly identify the impact of these items versus the other operating expenses related to the core retail and financial services operations of the business. They are often one-time in nature and can have a disproportionate impact on profit between reporting periods.

Total finance
costs before exceptional
items, net pension
finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Finance costs

•  Exceptional items

•  Net pension finance costs

Fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Note 5

Total finance costs before exceptional items, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments is the net finance costs adjusted for non-recurring one off items, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments. Net pension finance costs are impacted by corporate bond yields, which can fluctuate significantly and are reset each year based on often volatile external market factors. Fair value remeasurements are impacted by changes to credit risk and various market indices, which can fluctuate significantly. Also included in these items are fair value remeasurements on financial instruments resulting from liability management exercises.

Diluted earnings
per share from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Diluted earnings per share

•  Exceptional items

•  Amortisation of acquired intangibles

•  Discontinued operations

•  Net pension finance costs

•  Fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

 

Note 9

This relates to profit after tax before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles from continuing operations, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements attributable to owners of the parent divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the financial period.

It excludes net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments. Net pension finance costs are impacted by corporate bond yields, which can fluctuate significantly and are reset each year based on often volatile external market factors. Fair value remeasurements are impacted by changes to credit risk and various market indices, which can fluctuate significantly. Also included in these items are fair value remeasurements on financial instruments resulting from liability management exercises.

Tax measures

 

 

 

 

Effective tax
rate before
exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles

Effective tax rate

•  Exceptional items and their tax impact

•  Amortisation of acquired intangibles and their tax impact

 

Note 6

Effective tax rate before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles is calculated as total income tax credit/(charge) excluding the tax impact of exceptional items divided by profit before tax before exceptional items. This provides an indication of the ongoing tax rate across the Group.

 

 

APM

Closest equivalent
IFRS measure

Adjustments to reconcile
to IFRS measure

Note/page reference for reconciliation

Definition and purpose

Tax measures continued

 

 

 

Effective tax
rate before
exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments

Effective tax rate

•  Exceptional items and their tax impact

•  Amortisation of acquired intangibles and their tax impact

•  Net pension finance costs and their tax impact

•  Fair value remeasurements on financial instruments and their tax impact

Note 6

·   Effective tax rate before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements on financial instruments is calculated as total income tax credit/(charge) excluding the tax impact of exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles items, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements divided by the profit before tax before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles, net pension finance costs and fair value remeasurements.

Balance sheet measures

 

 

 

Net debt

Borrowings less cash and related hedges

•  Net debt from Tesco Bank

Note 17

Net debt excludes the net debt of Tesco Bank
but includes that of the discontinued operations
to reflect the net debt obligations of the Retail business. Net debt comprises bank and other borrowings, finance lease payables, net derivative financial instruments, joint venture loans and other receivables and net interest receivables/payables, offset by cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments. It is a useful measure of the progress in generating cash and strengthening of the Group's balance sheet position and is a measure widely used by credit rating agencies.

Total indebtedness

Borrowings less cash
and related hedges

•  Net debt from Tesco Bank

•  Present value of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases

•  IAS 19 deficit in the pension schemes

Page 52

Total indebtedness is the net debt plus the IAS 19 deficit in the pension schemes (net of associated deferred tax) plus the present value of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases to provide an overall view of the Group's obligations. It is an important measure of the long term obligations of the Group and is a measure widely used by credit rating agencies.

Total indebtedness ratio

No direct equivalent

•  Consistent with accounting

policy

Page 52

Total indebtedness ratio is calculated as Total indebtedness divided by the rolling 12 month EBITDAR. It is a measure of the Group's ability to meet its payment obligations and is widely used by analysts and credit rating agencies.

Fixed charge cover

No direct equivalent

•  Consistent with accounting

•  policy

Page 52

Fixed charge cover is calculated as the rolling 12 month EBITDAR divided by the sum of rent expense and net finance cost, excluding net pension finance costs, exceptional items, capitalised interest and fair value remeasurements. It is a measure of the Group's ability to meet its payment obligations and is widely used by analysts and credit rating agencies.

Cash flow measures

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from operating activities

•  Tesco Bank operating cash flow

•  Discontinued operations

Note 2

Retail operating cash flow is the cash generated from operations from continuing operations, excluding the effects of Tesco Bank's cash flows. It is a measure of the cash generation and working capital efficiency by the Retail business, recognising that Tesco Bank is run and regulated independently from the Retail operations, and a key measure to demonstrate the recovery of the Retail operations. This is a key management incentive metric.

Free cash flow

Cash generated from operating activities

•  Net cash generated from/(used in) investing activities

•  The market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes

•  Investing cash flows that increase/decrease items within Group net debt

•  Cash flows from major corporate acquisitions and disposals

Note 2

Free cash flow includes all cash flows from operating and investing activities, and the market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes. The following items are excluded: investing cash flows that increase/decrease items within Group net debt, and cash flows from major corporate acquisitions and disposals. This measure reflects the cash available to shareholders.

 

 

APM

Closest equivalent
IFRS measure

Adjustments to reconcile
to IFRS measure

Note/page reference for reconciliation

Definition and purpose

Cash flow measures continued

Retail free cash   flow

Cash generated from operating activities

•  Tesco Bank operating cash flow

•  Retail net cash generated from/(used in) investing activities, and the market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes

•  Investing cash flows that increase/decrease items within Net debt

•  Cash flows from major corporate acquisitions and disposals

Note 2

Retail free cash flow includes all cash flows from operating and investing activities for the Retail business, and the market purchase of shares net of proceeds from shares issued in relation to share schemes. The following items are excluded: investing cash flows that increase/decrease items within Net debt, and cash flows from major corporate acquisitions and disposals. This measure reflects the cash available to shareholders.

 

APMs: Debt metrics

The Group uses a rolling 12 month period for income and expense figures included in EBITDAR, Total indebtedness ratio and Fixed cover charge APMs. 

 

 

 

EBITDAR (restated)

 

 

 

12 months to

25 August

2018

£m

24 February 2018

£m

12 months to

26 August 2017

£m

 

Operating profit/(loss) from continuing operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles(a)

 

1,829

1,646

1,447

 

Less: Tesco Bank operating profit/(loss) before exceptional items(a)

 

(174)

(169)

(162)

 

Add: Depreciation and amortisation(a)

 

1,294

1,295

1,314

 

Less: Tesco Bank depreciation and amortisation(a)

 

(85)

(83)

(104)

 

Add: Retail operating lease expense(a)(b)

 

1,049

1,015

1,029

 

 

 

3,913

3,704

3,524

 

 

 

 

Total indebtedness ratio (restated)

 

 

Notes

25 August 2018

24 February 2018

26 August 2017

 

Net debt (£m)

17

3,126

2,625

3,260

 

Add: Defined benefit pension deficit, net of deferred tax (£m)

16

2,144

2,728

2,439

 

Add: Discounted operating lease commitments (£m)

21

7,202

6,931

7,255