Regulatory Story
Go to market news section View chart   Print
RNS

Final Results

Released 07:00 09-Apr-2019

RNS Number : 5079V
Property Franchise Group PLC (The)
09 April 2019
 

9 April 2019

The Property Franchise Group PLC

("TPFG", the "Company" or the "Group")

Final Results

The Property Franchise Group PLC, one of the UK's largest property franchises, today announces its final results for the year ended 31 December 2018.

Financial highlights:

·     Group revenue increased 11% to £11.2m (FY 2017: £10.1m)

·     Adjusted EBITDA* increased 15% to £5.1m (FY 2017: £4.4m)

·     Profit before tax £4.3m (FY 2017: £4.3m included net exceptional gain of £0.7m) 

·     Operating margin increased to 39% (FY 2017: 37%)

·     Management Service Fees increased 14% to £9.4m (FY 2017: £8.3m)

·     Proposed final dividend increased by 11% to 6.0p, total of 8.4p (FY 2017: 7.5p)

·     Strong balance sheet with net cash of £2.3m (FY 2017: £0.1m)

 

*Before exceptional items and share-based payment charges

Operational highlights:

·     All six brands increased revenue with network revenue reaching £92m (2017: £85m)

·     60 franchisees had annual revenue in excess of £0.5m and, of these, 11 had revenue in excess of £1m

·     Pay-per-click marketing delivered an 83% increase in leads to 30,474 (2017: 16,609)

·     28 acquisitions at the franchisee level added 3,115 managed properties (2017: 2,012 managed properties)

·     The Group recruited 26 new franchisees (2017: 37) and completed 28 "resales" (same business, change of franchisee)

·     EweMove grew sales' completions by 22% in a flat market and lettings' completions by 26%.

·     There were 377 trading offices at year end (2017: 403) managing 55,000 rental properties (2017: 52,000)

 

Ian Wilson, Chief Executive Officer of The Property Franchise Group, commented:

"We are very pleased to be able to report another year of improvement across all key metrics. Our traditional high street brands benefited from further deployment of digital marketing "know-how" instilled by our hybrid brand. Encouragingly, EweMove grew its market share across those locations where it operates and delivered a pre-tax profit of £0.4m in a year when most competing hybrid estate agents produced losses.

We maintain tight financial discipline, reflected in a further strengthening in our balance sheet and an improved net cash position.  Furthermore, this underpins the Board's ability to confidently propose a further, meaningful increase in the dividend for the sixth successive year since our IPO in December 2013.

We entered 2019 with a significant improvement in our positive net cash position and the highest level of recurring revenues in the Group's history.  In addition, our profitable and established hybrid business provides further opportunities for growth.  The Board is confident about the prospects for 2019 and envisage that the loss of tenant fee revenue and continued regulatory intervention in our sector will create opportunities for further consolidation and growth."  

 

 For further information, please contact:

 

The Property Franchise Group PLC                                                                            01202 292829

Ian Wilson, Chief Executive Officer

David Raggett, Chief Financial Officer

 

Cenkos Securities plc                                                                                                     0207 397 8900

Max Hartley, Callum Davidson (Nominated Adviser)

 

Alma PR                                                                                                                            0203 405 0209

Rebecca Sanders-Hewett

Susie Hudson

Jessica Joynson

 

Chairman's statement

Strong model continues to deliver.

In 2018 it was property franchisor businesses which continued to make progress despite less than conducive UK property market conditions. Every one of our brands saw revenue increase.

Performance

I am pleased to report that, in a year when both the level of residential sales and lettings transactions in the market were virtually unaltered from 2017, we grew our revenue by 11%, exceeding £11m for the first time, and our operating profits before exceptional items by 19%. Even more pleasing to see was the growth in Management Service Fees of 14%. Its testimony to the strength of our franchise model and its ability to adapt to the changing market conditions.

Franchising

I've personally been involved in franchising since the mid-1990's and I have always been convinced that it is the best business model for the development of a property brand. Franchising has several strengths which appeal to both the brand owner, the "franchisor", and the individual, who is seeking to develop their business under that brand within a local marketplace, the "franchisee".

Firstly, the franchisor is the senior partner and should have plenty of experience dealing with the challenges of building a business, including tactics to cope with the cyclical nature of the UK property sales market. We have encountered most situations before and the most frequent have documented solutions within the franchise operations manual.

Secondly, franchisors are ambitious people who have chosen a path that leads to the scaling up of the business they founded. They welcome like-minded people with the energy and drive on the journey to create a business of value for themselves and their family. By working together, enterprise and new ideas become a shared currency, to everyone's gain. Its reflected in our Management Service Fees growing every year since 2005.

Thirdly, franchisors invest in their central support infrastructure and leverage the benefits across (in our case) hundreds of local businesses. In an age when digital marketing technology is both essential but hard for small independent businesses to access at affordable prices, we have built better optimised websites, created a bespoke customer relationship management platform for all our traditional brands and invest £0.5m each year in a skilled central marketing department.

Strategy

We continued to look at both the acquisition of like for like businesses and those that were very similar or complementary. Unfortunately, with the uncertainty of Brexit, and notable non-franchise failures in our sector impacting investor confidence, we found none of our targets to be sufficiently earnings enhancing. With a strong balance sheet, and a growing cash surplus, we remain committed to expanding our market share of UK residential property transactions through this route. In the meantime, we continued our focus upon organic growth in 2018 and earning more from each transaction.

Our people

Over the last few years we have been strengthening our leadership team, now 7, so that we have the right strength and depth for the challenges and opportunities that we face. That allowed us, in 2018, to invest further in our marketing and digital teams with the addition of 6 new people targeted at increasing customer interaction and custom for our franchisees.

Growth

Our performance was underpinned by growth in lettings MSF of 12% and sales MSF of 18%. This in turn helped generate cash from operations of £4.5m and drove cash up to £3.9m at the year-end after £2m of dividend payments.  The Board remains confident that the Group can generate similar levels of cash from operations in FY19 despite the tenant fee ban on 1 June 2019. As a result, I am pleased to announce that the Board has approved a final dividend for 2018 of 6.0p per share (2017: 5.4p per share) bringing the total dividend to 8.4p for 2018 (2017: 7.5p).

Outlook

The Group continues to be deliberately heavily weighted towards lettings, and the Directors believe that the private rented sector will continue to grow because of macro-economic drivers - continued high levels of net inward migration to the UK, the formation of smaller households because of changing family circumstances and lengthening life expectancy, the unaffordability for many people of owner occupation, negligible investment in social housing building programmes, and the lack of alternative investments with similar yields and potential for long-term capital gains. Whilst house sales may be impacted in the short-term, we still believe that the number of transactions will grow over the next 5 years.

And finally, I would like to thank my co-Directors, our staff and our many excellent, ambitious franchisees and their staff for their efforts over the last year. Together we have a determination to prove that the future of the UK property industry is franchising and that the best place to do that is within The Property Franchise Group PLC.

Richard Martin

Chairman

The Property Franchise Group PLC

 

Chief Executive's statement

Our assisted acquisitions programme gathered pace.

2018 was a tough market for UK estate agents and letting agents. Many businesses were proud to stand still or suffer only modest retrenchment. We continued to grow.

The Property Franchise Group made progress on many fronts including, most significantly, increased trading revenue at each of our six brands, a better than expected number of competitors businesses purchased under our "assisted acquisitions programme" and the enhancement of our underlying pre-tax profits for the fifth year in a row, since our IPO in December 2013.

Improving digital marketing

Turning to the operational details, we had invested in better optimised brand websites in 2017 and we built on this investment in 2018 by encouraging our franchisees to fund local area pay-per-click campaigns to generate new business leads. The results were impressive, as we generated over 30,000 leads.

Emboldened by this success we took the decision to invest in a bespoke Customer Relationship Management ("CRM") platform to operate across all 5 of our traditional high street brands, and nurture customers at key stages of their transactional journey with us. Franchisees warmed to the concept and pledged to fund the ongoing operating costs of the CRM. Over 2 million customers' data is held within our single customer view platform. There are 53,000 variants of emails being sent aimed at informing and supporting our customers' decision-making. We have achieved an average email open rate of 68% versus an industry benchmark of 26%.

The lettings market

The lettings market, which continues to dominate our revenue streams, grew at its slowest pace for a number of years. There were 3 dynamics at play;

·     The reducing number of new "buy-to-let" mortgages being entered into (estimates are 60,000 for 2018 vs a peak of 190,000 in 2008).

·     Marginally higher levels of managed property stock being withdrawn (which we term "attrition"). Attrition was 10.8% of all managed stock in 2018 vs a 10% long-term trend.

·     Lengthening average tenancy terms which a recent YouGov survey put at 4 years across the whole of the private rented sector and which we calculate as 30 months across our Group. This may seem like good news for landlords and their agents, but in fact shorter tenancy terms have the benefit of more transactional "churn" which translates into higher tenancy set-up fees and more opportunities to take business from the competition when properties are lying empty. It's why the paradox of historically low levels of stock to let on Rightmove and the biggest private rented sector for a generation are both statements which are true.

Our response was to put extra energy into our "assisted acquisitions programme". Under the programme we have a retained business broker who networks with other brokers in the sector to find target businesses for sale. We also sent over 10,000 direct mail communications to competitors and engaged through social media platforms to spread the word that we are an active buyer. We have a panel of approved lawyers and funding providers. We assist franchisees directly with operational and financial due diligence and we pay "cash-back" on completion equivalent to a proportion of the additional royalties we will earn. We again made significant progress with a 55% increase in the number of managed properties acquired. In all, we assisted our franchisees to purchase 28 competitor businesses and add 3,115 properties by this route to our Group's managed portfolio.

Tenant fees

We face losing the fees that agents have historically charged tenants on 1 June 2019. We think this is part of a wider approach by government to encourage a smaller number of stronger, more professional and better regulated agents, and to discourage landlords from managing their own affairs. The short-term effect will be to drive some of our competitors out of business as they struggle to deal with extra regulatory hurdles such as mandatory Client Money Protection or face a significant loss of income because their business model has been predicated towards charging excessive tenant fees. As an experienced franchisor we have a track record of dealing with regulatory hurdles on behalf of our franchisees and we see opportunities to win increased market share over the next 2 years.

Hybrid agency model

2018 was also a watershed for the new "online" or "hybrid" estate agents who operate without high street presence. We saw a high-profile business failure in the sector and an online/hybrid market share growing more slowly at 7.2% of transactions compared to some expectations that it would breach double figures.

We invested in this space in 2016 with our acquisition of EweMove, a hybrid operator with a distinctive green sheep logo and the honour of being TrustPilot's No.1 most trusted UK Estate Agent and Letting Agent. EweMove made good progress in 2018, generated cash in every trading month and increased EBITDA by £0.5m over 2017. It occupied 118 franchise territories at the end of 2018 and had over 250 franchise owners and their staff working in the field, supporting customers to sell their properties.

Unlike other online/hybrid agents, EweMove operates a "no sale, no fee" model and a "happy customer guarantee" which means that dissatisfied customers can exit their contract without penalty. We disagree with the upfront fixed fee charging model offered by almost all other online/hybrid agents, as we do not believe it represents good value for customers, and is not sustainable particularly in a market with stagnant prices and fewer property sale transactions. We persist with a pure franchise model at EweMove. The lower setting up costs associated with a hybrid estate agency, and the "business in a box" benefits of website, operational software, 24/7 manned call centre and properties listed on Rightmove and Zoopla for a fixed monthly fee, currently £1,000 + VAT, is a compelling offer to experienced estate agents.

Future direction

In summary, the Group traded successfully in 2018 and is intent on turning regulatory threats into opportunities, whilst embracing digital marketing as a key component of its offering to all its franchisees whether based in traditional high street shops or part of the new breed of hybrid agents.

Ian Wilson
Chief Executive Officer
The Property Franchise Group PLC

 

Financial review

EweMove's improved earnings and support for franchisee acquisitions drives growth.

Focus on our managed properties' portfolio, operating margin and return on capital employed underpins our investment decisions and delivery of growth in shareholder value.

In a flat housing market environment (fifth year at circa 1.2m** transactions) and with challenges to the viability of high street agents starting to crystalise we focused on winning more sales instructions (up 6%), growing our managed properties' portfolio (up 7%), consolidating offices and building EweMove's sustainable profit path.

**       HMRC UK Property Transaction Statistics 21 February 2019.

Revenue

Group revenue for the financial year to 31 December 2018 was £11.2m (2017: £10.1m), an increase of £1.1m (11%) over the prior year. EweMove contributed £0.6m of the increase as its revenue increased 28% to £2.7m (2017: £2.1m).

Management Service Fees ("MSF") increased 14% from £8.3m to £9.4m and represented 84% (2017: 81%) of Group revenue with the remainder being from franchise sales and ancillary services to support MSF generation.

Lettings contributed 68% of MSF (2017: 70%), sales contributed 31% of MSF (2017: 29%) and financial services contributed 1% of MSF (2017: 1%). Lettings MSF grew by 12% in the year and sales MSF grew by 18%.

Revenues and MSF in the prior year are restated following the fully retrospective application of IFRS 15. The application of this standard has resulted in cashback payments and payments to brokers previously presented as intangible assets under IAS 38 being restated as prepaid assisted acquisitions support, as they represent consideration payable to a customer under IFRS 15 and costs for securing the acquisition. The impact on results for the current year was to reduce revenue and administrative expenses by £0.1m. There was negligible impact on revenue and administrative expenses in the prior year and no impact on profit or net assets in either year.

Operating profit

Although headline operating profit was unchanged at £4.3m, operating profit before exceptional items and share-based payments charges ("Adjusted operating profit") increased from £3.8m to £4.4m (16%) and the margin increased from 37% to 39%.

Administration expenses, increased by £0.5m (10%) with employee costs contributing £0.4m of that increase as we strengthened our leadership team, recruited a marketing team, reorganised our support services within the traditional brands and increased our IT capabilities.

 

 

2018

2017

 

£m

£m

Revenue

11.2

10.1

Management Service Fees

9.4

8.3

Admin expenses

5.8

5.3

Adjusted operating profit*

4.4

3.8

Operating profit

4.3

4.3

Adjusted profit before tax*

4.3

3.7

Profit before tax

4.3

4.3

Adjusted EBITDA*

5.1

4.4

Dividend

8.4p

7.5p

*         Before exceptional costs and share-based payment charges.

EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA for 2018 was £5.1m (2017: £4.4m) an increase of £0.7m (15%) over the prior year. EweMove contributed £0.5m of this increase through additional gross margin.

Exceptional items

There were no exceptional items in 2018 (2017: net exceptional gain £0.7m). In the prior year EweMove's contingent consideration payable reduced by £1.2m and there was a write-down from a revision to valuation estimates of £0.5m against EweMove's master franchise rights.

Profit before tax

The profit before tax was £4.3m for 2018 (2017: £4.3m). Although the headline number remained unchanged from the prior year it should be borne in mind that the prior year included a net exceptional gain of £0.7m. Excluding this net exceptional gain and share-based payments charges, adjusted profit before tax increased £0.6m or 17%.

Taxation

The effective rate of corporation tax for the year was 19.0% (2017: 19.25%). The total tax charge for 2018 was £0.8m (2017: £0.6m). The increase of £0.2m is due to the growth in operating profits before exceptional items and, as no options were exercised in 2018, nil tax credit for the exercise of share options. In 2017 management exercised options over 522,000 ordinary shares generating a notional gain of £0.7m and tax relief of £0.1m.

Earnings per share

Earnings per share for the year was 13.3p (2017: 14.2p), a reduction of 6% based on an average number of shares in issue for the period of 25,822,750 (2017: 25,651,423). The profit attributable to owners was £3.4m (2017: £3.7m) with the reduction of £0.3m due to the increase in the tax charge.

Dividends

The Board is recommending a final dividend of 6.0p per share which, together with the interim dividend of 2.4p per share paid to shareholders on 3 October 2018, equates to a total dividend for the financial year of 8.4p (2017: 7.5p) an increase of 12%. If approved, it will be paid on 28 May 2019 to all shareholders on the register on 23 April 2019. Our shares will be marked ex-dividend on 18 April 2019.

Cash flow

The Group is strongly operationally cash generative.

The net cash inflow from operating activities in 2018 was £4.5m (2017: £4.4m) as the Group continues to generate strong operating cash inflows.

The net cash outflow from investing activities was £0.3m (2017: outflow £1.4m) mainly due to assisted acquisitions support payments. In 2017, £1.0m of consideration paid to the founders of EweMove in return for them forgoing any rights to contingent consideration, £0.2m was invested in new websites and £0.2m was paid in assisted acquisitions support.

Loan repayments totaling £0.9m (2017: £0.9m) plus interest payments of £0.1m (2017: £0.1m) were made on the Santander UK plc loans during 2018 leaving £1.6m (2017: £2.5m) outstanding. Dividend payments were £2.0m (2017: £1.7m).

Liquidity

The Group had cash balances of £3.9m at 31 December 2018 (2017: £2.6m).

Financial position

The balance sheet remains strong with total assets of £20.8m (2017: £20.0m) and a reduction of £0.6m in liabilities during the year. This reduction in liabilities was due to repayments of bank debt totaling £0.9m, an increase in accruals of £0.1m and an increase in tax payable of £0.2m.

The Group finished the year with the total equity attributable to owners of £15.7m an increase of £1.5m or 10% over FY17.

The Group is strongly operationally cash generative which, together with the facility from Santander UK plc of which £3.4m is undrawn, puts it in a strong position to continue to fulfil its strategy.

David Raggett
Chief Financial Officer
The Property Franchise Group PLC

 

 

 

 Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

Notes

2018

£

2017

as restated

£

 

 

 

 

Revenue

7

11,245,613

10,145,196

Cost of sales

 

(1,080,271)

(1,065,073)

Gross profit

 

10,165,342

9,080,123

Administrative expenses

8

(5,783,482)

(5,301,196)

Share-based payments charge

9, 29

(49,857)

(137,020)

Operating profit before exceptional items

 

4,332,003

3,641,907

Exceptional items

10

-

701,463

Operating profit

11

4,332,003

4,343,370

Finance income

12

8,968

28,075

Finance costs

12

(71,494)

(120,769)

Profit before income tax expense

 

4,269,477

4,250,676

Income tax expense

13

(847,041)

(598,917)

Profit and total comprehensive income for the year attributable to owners

 

3,422,436

3,651,759

Earnings per share attributable to owners

14

13.3p

14.2p

Diluted Earnings per share attributable to owners

14

13.3p

14.2p

 

Consolidated statement of financial position

31 December 2018

 

Notes

2018

£

2017

as restated

£

Assets

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Intangible assets

16

15,324,755

15,912,297

Property, plant and equipment

17

103,584

109,266

Prepared assisted acquisition support

18

453,836

292,452

 

 

15,882,175

16,314,015

Current assets

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

20

1,096,274

1,117,337

Cash and cash equivalents

 

3,857,988

2,594,526

 

 

4,954,262

3,711,863

Total assets

 

20,836,437

20,025,878

Equity

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Called up share capital

21

258,228

258,228

Share premium

22

4,039,800

4,039,800

Other reserves

23

2,983,861

2,934,004

Retained earnings

 

8,442,960

7,034,699

Total equity attributable to owners

 

15,724,849

14,266,731

Liabilities

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

24

700,000

1,600,000

Deferred tax

27

1,372,196

1,467,598

 

 

2,072,196

3,067,598

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

24

900,000

900,000

Trade and other payables

25

1,476,819

1,299,638

Tax payable

 

662,573

491,911

 

 

3,039,392

2,691,549

Total liabilities

 

5,111,588

5,759,147

Total equity and liabilities

 

20,836,437

20,025,878

 

The financial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 8 April 2019 and were signed on its behalf by:

David Raggett

Chief Financial Officer

 

Company statement of financial position

31 December 2018

(Company No: 08721920)

 

 

2018

2017

 

Notes

£

£

Assets

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Investments

19

33,803,886

33,776,075

Deferred tax asset

27

30,101

23,318

 

 

33,833,987

33,799,393

Current assets

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

20

361,520

840,211

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,278,026

346,960

 

 

1,639,546

1,187,171

Total assets

 

35,473,533

34,986,564

Equity

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Called up share capital

21

258,228

258,228

Share premium

22

4,039,800

4,039,800

Other reserves

23

20,973,761

20,923,904

Retained earnings

 

8,537,181

7,131,341

Total equity

 

33,808,970

32,353,273

Liabilities

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

24

700,000

1,600,000

 

 

700,000

1,600,000

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Borrowings

24

900,000

900,000

Trade and other payables

25

64,563

133,291

 

 

964,563

1,033,291

Total liabilities

 

1,664,563

2,633,291

Total equity and liabilities

 

35,473,533

34,986,564

 

As permitted by Section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the income statement of the parent company is not presented as part of these financial statements. The Parent Company's profit for the financial year was £3,420,015 (2017: £4,393,361).

The financial statements were approved and authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 8 April 2019 and were signed on its behalf by:

David Raggett

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

Attributable to owners

 

Called up share

Retained

Share

Other

Total

 

capital

earnings

premium

reserves

equity

 

£

£

£

£

£

Balance at 1 January 2017

253,008

5,078,584

3,952,939

2,901,362

12,185,893

Profit and total comprehensive income

-

3,651,759

-

-

3,651,759

Issue of share capital

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of share capital - exercise of options

5,220

-

86,861

-

92,081

Dividends

-

(1,695,644)

-

-

(1,695,644)

Deferred tax on share-based payments

-

-

-

(104,378)

(104,378)

Share-based payments charge

-

-

-

137,020

137,020

Total transactions with owners

5,220

(1,695,644)

86,861

32,642

(1,570,921)

Balance at 31 December 2017

258,228

7,034,699

4,039,800

2,934,004

14,266,731

Profit and total comprehensive income

-

3,422,436

-

-

3,422,436

Dividends

-

(2,014,175)

-

-

(2,014,175)

Share-based payments charge

-

-

-

49,857

49,857

Total transactions with owners

258,228

(2,014,175)

-

49,857

(1,964,318)

Balance at 31 December 2018

258,228

8,442,960

4,039,800

2,983,861

15,724,849

 

 Company statement of changes in equity

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

Called up share

Retained

Share

Other

Total

 

capital

earnings

premium

reserves

equity

 

£

£

£

£

£

Balance as at 1 January 2017

253,008

4,433,624

3,952,939

20,891,262

29,530,833

Profit and total comprehensive income

-

4,393,361

-

-

4,393,361

Issue of share capital

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of share capital - exercise of options

5,220

-

86,861

-

92,081

Dividends

-

(1,695,644)

-

-

(1,695,644)

Deferred tax on share-based payments

-

-

-

(104,378)

(104,378)

Share-based payments charge

-

-

-

137,020

137,020

Total transactions with owners

5,220

(1,695,644)

86,861

32,642

(1,570,921)

Balance as at 31 December 2017

258,228

7,131,341

4,039,800

20,923,904

32,353,273

Profit and total comprehensive income

-

3,420,015

-

-

3,420,015

Dividends

-

(2,014,175)

-

-

(2,014,175)

Share-based payments charge

-

-

-

49,857

49,857

Total transactions with owners

-

(2,014,175)

-

49,857

(1,964,318)

Balance as at 31 December 2018

258,228

8,537,181

4,039,800

20,973,761

33,808,970

 

 Consolidated statement of cash flows

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

 

2018

2017

 

Notes

£

£

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

A

5,314,349

4,839,650

Interest paid

 

(75,346)

(102,887)

Tax paid

 

(771,779)

(297,166)

Net cash from operating activities

 

4,467,224

4,439,597

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Purchase of subsidiary undertakings net of cash acquired

B

-

(1,000,000)

Purchase of intangible assets

 

(20,000)

(56,626)

Purchase of tangible assets

 

(30,505)

(12,840)

Assisted acquisitions support

 

(248,050)

(345,738)

Interest received

 

8,968

28,075

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(289,587)

(1,387,129)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Issue of ordinary shares

 

-

92,081

Repayment of bank loan

 

(900,000)

(900,000)

Equity dividends paid

 

(2,014,175)

(1,695,644)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(2,914,175)

(2,503,563)

Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

1,263,462

548,905

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

2,594,526

2,045,621

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

3,857,988

2,594,526

 

 

Notes to the consolidated statement of cash flows

for the year ended 31 December 2018

A. Reconciliation of profit before income tax to cash generated from operations

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

Profit before income tax

4,269,477

4,250,676

Depreciation and amortisation charges

714,440

646,006

Net exceptional income

-

(701,463)

Share-based payments charge

49,857

137,020

Loss on disposal of intangible assets

17,989

2,579

Finance costs

71,494

120,769

Finance income

(8,968)

(28,075)

Operating cash flow before changes in working capital

5,114,289

4,427,512

Decrease in trade and other receivables

21,062

359,710

Increase in trade and other payables

178,998

52,428

Cash generated from operations

5,314,349

4,839,650

B. Purchase of Subsidiary undertakings net of cash acquired

On 5 September 2016 the Group obtained control of EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd "ESL" and its dormant subsidiary Ewesheep Ltd "EL".

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Consideration - cash element

-

1,000,000

Less: Cash acquired

-

-

Purchase of subsidiary undertakings net of cash acquired

-

1,000,000

 

 

Company statement of cash flows

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

 

2018

2017

 

Notes

£

£

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

C

(179,425)

(496,993)

Interest paid

 

(75,346)

(102,887)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(254,771)

(599,880)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Purchase of subsidiary undertakings net of cash acquired

 

-

(1,000,000)

Interest received

 

12

1,026

Equity dividends received

 

4,100,000

4,250,000

Net cash generated from investing activities

 

4,100,012

3,251,026

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Issue of ordinary shares

 

-

92,081

Repayment of bank loan

 

(900,000)

(900,000)

Drawdown of bank loan

 

-

-

Equity dividend paid

 

(2,014,175)

(1,695,644)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(2,914,175)

(2,503,563)

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

931,066

147,583

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

346,960

199,377

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

1,278,026

346,960

 

Notes to the Company statement of cash flows

for the year ended 31 December 2018

C. Reconciliation of profit before income tax to cash generated from operations

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

Profit before income tax

3,257,306

4,075,966

Net exceptional income

-

(701,463)

Share-based payments charge

22,046

110,619

Finance costs

71,494

120,769

Finance income

(12)

(1,026)

Equity dividend received

(4,100,000)

(4,250,000)

Operating cash flow before changes in working capital

(749,166)

(645,135)

Decrease in trade and other receivables

568,037

127,890

Increase in trade and other payables

1,704

20,252

Cash used in operations

(179,425)

(496,993)

 

Notes to the consolidated and Company financial statements

for the year ended 31 December 2018

1. General information

The principal activity of The Property Franchise Group PLC and its Subsidiaries is that of a UK residential property franchise business. The Group operates in the UK. The Company is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in the UK and listed on AIM. The address of its head office and registered office is 2 St Stephen's Court, St Stephen's Road, Bournemouth, Dorset, UK.

2. Basis of preparation

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRSs") as adopted by the European Union and the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements are disclosed in note 5.

The presentational currency of the financial statements is in British pounds and amounts are rounded to the nearest pound.

Going concern

The Group has produced detailed budgets, projections and cash flow forecasts. The Directors have concluded after reviewing these budgets, projections and forecasts, making appropriate enquiries of the business and having considered uncertainties under the current economic environment, that there is a reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operation for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, they have adopted the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

Changes in accounting policies

a)    New standards, amendments and interpretations effective from 1 January 2018

The following new or amended standards are mandatory for the first time for the period beginning 1 January 2018 and have been adopted in the annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2018:

Standard

Key requirements

 

 

 

 

IFRS 9

Financial Instruments

 

IFRS 15

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS 9 "Financial Instruments"

IFRS 9 supersedes IAS 39 in its entirety, and is effective for accounting periods commencing on or after 1 January 2018, as such these are the first financial statements under this standard.

The core areas addressed within IFRS 9 are as follows:

-     Classification and measurement of financial assets and liabilities

-     Impairment of financial assets

-     Hedge accounting

 

The Group has not identified any adjustments are required to the classification and measurement of financial assets and liabilities as a result of adopting this standard. As such no adjustment to the opening balance sheet is necessary.

IFRS 15 "Revenue from Contracts with Customers"

IFRS 15 replaces IAS 18, IAS 11 and related interpretations, and is effective for accounting periods commencing on or after 1 January 2018, as such these are the first financial statements under this standard.

This standard establishes a principles-based approach for revenue recognition and is based on the concept of recognising revenue for obligations only when they are satisfied and the control of goods and services is transferred. It applies to all contracts with customers, except those in the scope of other standards.

The Group has performed an assessment which has highlighted that the new standard impacts on franchise sales revenue recognition but not Management Service Fee recognition or the recognition of other income. Franchise sales revenue currently consists of 4 elements:

1.    A fee to buy a new franchise territory which is recognised upon the earlier of receipt of funds or signing of the franchise agreement.

2.    A fee to buy a franchise territory that is being sold through the exit of the current franchisee which is recognised upon the earlier of receipt of funds or signing of the franchise agreement.

3.    A fee paid by the seller of the franchise which is recognised in the month that a contract for the resale of a franchise is signed.

4.    A fee paid upfront by franchisees for the first 12 months use of its systems which is deferred and released over the first 12 months as the obligations are discharged.

The other area of impact is that of the presentation of the non-current asset in respect of acquired customer lists relating to cashback. Whilst this element had previously been presented as an intangible asset under IAS 38, the payments of cashback are now considered to meet the definition of consideration payable to a customer under IFRS 15.

Consequently, this asset is described as "prepaid assisted acquisition support" on the consolidated statement of financial position. The asset continues to be amortised over a five-year period, however, the amortisation is now recognised as a reduction in revenue rather than an amortisation charge to administrative expenses. As a result, 2017 revenue and administrative expenses have been restated by £0.2m; there has been no impact on profit or net assets.

The impact of this change at the opening balance sheet date, as at 31 December 2016, was an immaterial reclassification of £58,000 between intangible assets and prepaid assisted acquisition support and, as such, a third balance sheet has not been presented.

For the fees described at points 1 and 2 above the franchisors have some initial obligations that extend beyond the receipt of funds and the signing of a franchise agreement, including the provision of training and initial support. These obligations are discharged during a period of between 1 to 4 months with the majority released by month 2.

The impact on these financial statements of adjustments to defer income in relation to obligations not yet fulfilled was assessed as £4k, this was considered immaterial so no adjustment was made to the financial statements. No adjustments were made to the opening balance sheet.

b)    New standards, amendments and interpretations not yet effective

The following relevant new standards, amendments to standards and interpretations have been issued, but are not effective for the financial year beginning on 1 January 2018, and endorsed by the European Union, and have not been early adopted:

Standard

Key requirements

Effective date as adopted by the EU

 

IFRS 16

Leases

1 January 2019

 

 

 

 

IFRS 16 "Leases"

IFRS 16 requires that almost all leases will be brought onto lessees' balance sheets under a single model (except leases of less than 12 months and leases of low-value assets), eliminating the distinction between operating and finance leases. IFRS 16 will be adopted in the Group's consolidated financial statements when it becomes mandatory. Currently, the Group holds some non-cancellable operating leases but no finance leases. For the Group's non-cancellable operating lease commitments of £0.1m as at 31 December 2018 (note 26), a preliminary assessment indicates that these arrangements will continue to meet the definition of a lease under IFRS 16. Thus, the Group will have to recognise a right-of-use asset and a corresponding liability in respect of all these leases - unless they qualify for low value or short-term leases upon the application of IFRS 16. The Group believes that the adoption of IFRS 16 will not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements, if it were to have been applied at 31 December 2018 there would have been an asset and corresponding liability of £80k and no change to the charge recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income which is estimated to be £45k for 2019, comprising depreciation and interest.

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.   

3. Basis of consolidation

The Group financial statements include those of the Parent Company and its Subsidiaries, drawn up to 31 December 2018. Subsidiaries are all entities over which the Group has control. The Group controls an entity when the Group is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are deconsolidated from the date that control ceases.

The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair values of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the Group. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Unrealised losses are also eliminated. When necessary amounts reported by Subsidiaries have been adjusted to conform to the Group's accounting policies.

4. Significant accounting policies

Revenue recognition

Performance obligations and the timing of revenue recognition

Revenue represents income, net of VAT, from the sale of franchise agreements, resale fees and Management Service Fees levied to franchisees monthly based on their turnover, and other income being the provision of training and ongoing support to franchisees.

Traditional brands:

Fees from the sale of franchise agreements are not refundable. These fees are for the use of the brand along with initial training and support and promotion during the opening phase of the new office. As such the Group has some initial obligations that extend beyond the receipt of funds and signing of the franchise agreement so an element of the fee is deferred and released as the obligations are discharged, usually between 1 to 4 months after receipt of funds.

Resale fees are recognised in the month that a contract for the resale of a franchise is signed. Upon signing of the contract all obligations have been completed.

Management Service Fees are recognised on a monthly basis and other income is recognised when the training and support is provided to the franchisee. There are no performance obligations associated with levying the Management Service Fees. For training and support all performance obligations have been fulfilled at the time of revenue recognition.

EweMove:

Fees from the sale of franchise agreements for the Ewemove brand are not refundable. Some new franchisees pay a higher fee to include the first 12 months license fee, in this scenario the license fee element of the initial fee is deferred and released over the first 12 months of trading of the franchise where no monthly license fees are payable. The franchise fee is for the use of the brand along with initial support and promotion during the opening phase of the new franchise. As such the Group has some initial obligations that extend beyond the receipt of funds and signing of the franchise agreement so an element of the fee is deferred and released as the obligations are discharged, usually between 1 to 4 months after receipt of funds.

Management Service Fees consist of monthly license fees and completion fees. License fees are recognised on a monthly basis, completion fees are recognised when sales or lettings transactions complete and other income is recognised when the training and support is provided to the franchisee. There are no additional performance obligations associated with levying the license fee and completion fees beyond providing access to the systems, brand and marketing support. For training and support all performance obligations have been fulfilled at the time of revenue recognition.

Operating profit

Profit from operations is stated before finance income, finance costs and tax expense.

Business combinations

On the acquisition of a business, fair values are attributed to the identifiable assets and liabilities and contingent liabilities unless the fair value cannot be measured reliably in which case the value is subsumed into goodwill. Where the fair values of acquired contingent liabilities cannot be measured reliably, the assumed contingent liability is not recognised but is disclosed in the same manner as other contingent liabilities.

Goodwill is the difference between the fair value of the consideration and the fair value of identifiable assets acquired. Goodwill arising on acquisitions is capitalised and subject to an impairment review, both annually and when there is an indication that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets with a finite life are carried at cost less amortisation and any impairment losses. Intangible assets represent items which meet the recognition criteria of IAS 38, in that it is probable that future economic benefits attributable to the assets will flow to the entity and the cost can be measured reliably.

In accordance with IFRS 3 Business Combinations, an intangible asset acquired in a business combination is deemed to have a cost to the Group of its fair value at the acquisition date. The fair value of the intangible asset reflects market expectations about the probability that the future economic benefits embodied in the asset will flow to the Group.

Amortisation charges are included in administrative expenses in the Statement of Comprehensive Income. Amortisation begins when the intangible asset is first available for use and is provided at rates calculated to write-off the cost of each intangible asset over its expected useful life, on a straight line basis, as follows:

Brands - CJ Hole, Parkers, Ellis & Co

Indefinite life

Brands - EweMove

21 years

Customer lists

5 years

Master franchise agreements - Whitegates, CJ Hole, Parkers, Ellis & Co

25 years

Master franchise agreements - EweMove

15 years

Technology - Ewereka

5 years

Technology - Websites

3 years

 

Acquired trade names are identified as separate intangible assets where they can be reliably measured by valuation of future cash flows. The trade names CJ Hole, Parkers and Ellis & Co are assessed as having indefinite lives due to their long trading histories.

Acquired customer lists are identified as a separate intangible asset as they are separable and can be reliably measured by valuation of future cash flows. This valuation also assesses the life of the particular relationship. The life of the relationship is assessed annually.

Customer lists are being written off over a remaining life of 5 years.

Acquired master franchise agreements are identified as a separate intangible asset as they are separable and can be reliably measured by valuation of future cash flows. The life of the relationship is assessed annually. Master franchise agreements are being written off over a remaining life of 15-25 years as historical analyses shows that, on average, 4% - 10% of franchises will change ownership per annum.

The cost of the new brand websites launched in 2017 have been capitalised and are being amortised over 3 years from launch date, being the expected period over which the websites are expected to generate economic benefit.

Subsequent to initial recognition, intangible assets are stated at deemed cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment charges, with the exception of indefinite life intangibles.

Impairment of non-financial assets

 

In respect of goodwill and intangible assets that have an indefinite useful lives, management are required to assess whether the recoverable amount of each exceeds their respective carrying values at the end of each accounting period.

 

In respect of intangible assets with definite lives, management are required to assess whether the recoverable amount exceeds the carrying value where an indicator of impairment exists at the end of each accounting period.

 

The recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use.

 

Impairment losses represent the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the recoverable amount; they are recognised in profit or loss. Impairment losses recognised in respect of cash generating units are allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the cash generating unit and then to reduce the carrying amount of the other assets in the unit on a pro-rata basis. Where an indicator of impairment exists against a definite life asset and a subsequent valuation determines there to be impairment, the intangible asset to which it relates is impaired by the amount determined.

 

An impairment loss in respect of goodwill is not reversed. In respect of other assets, an impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount.

 

An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset's carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

 

The master franchise agreement is assessed separately for the impairment as an independent asset that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets.

 

Investment in subsidiaries

Investments in subsidiaries are stated in the parent company's balance sheet at cost less any provisions for impairments.

Property, plant and equipment

Items of property, plant and equipment are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Depreciation is charged so as to write-off the cost of assets over their estimated useful lives on the following bases:

Fixtures, fittings and office equipment

15% reducing balance

Computer equipment

over 3 years

Short leasehold improvements

over the lease term

Prepaid assisted acquisition support

Prepaid assisted acquisition support represents amounts payable to franchisees in relation to their acquisition of qualifying managed property portfolios and amounts payable to brokers for assisting with the acquisition of those portfolios. The payments are recognised as an asset and amortised to the profit and loss account over 5 years. The amounts payable to franchisees are amortised as a reduction in revenue, whereas amounts payable to brokers are amortised through cost of sales.

Income taxes

Income tax currently payable is calculated using the tax rates in force or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Taxable profit differs from accounting profit either because some income and expenses are never taxable or deductible, or because the time pattern that they are taxable or deductible differs between tax law and their accounting treatment.

The tax expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in profit or loss, except if it arises from transactions or events that are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity

Deferred tax

Deferred income taxes are calculated using the liability method on temporary differences, at the tax rate that is substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax is generally provided on the difference between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. However, deferred tax is not provided on the initial recognition of goodwill, nor on the initial recognition of an asset or liability unless the related transaction is a business combination or affects tax or accounting profit. Tax losses available to be carried forward as well as other income tax credits to the Group are assessed for recognition as deferred tax assets.

Deferred tax liabilities are provided in full, with no discounting. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that the underlying deductible temporary differences will be able to be offset against future taxable income. Current and deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated at tax rates that are expected to apply to their respective period of realisation, provided they are enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Changes in deferred tax assets or liabilities are recognised as a component of tax expense in the income statement. For share-based payments the deferred tax credit is recognised in the income statement to the extent that it offsets the share based charge, with any remaining element after offset being shown in the statement of changes in equity.

Operating lease commitments

Rentals applicable to operating leases where substantially all of the benefits and risks of ownership remain with the lessor are charged to profit/loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are defined as cash balances in hand and in the bank (including short-term cash deposits).

Financial assets

The Group and Company only have financial assets comprising trade and other receivables and cash and cash equivalents in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position.

These assets arise principally from the provision of goods and services to customers (eg trade receivables), but also incorporate other types of financial assets where the objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest.  They are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to their acquisition or issue, and are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment.

 

Impairment of financial assets

Impairment provisions for current and non-current trade receivables are recognised based on the simplified approach within IFRS 9 using a provision matrix in the determination of the lifetime expected credit losses.  During this process the probability of the non-payment of the trade receivables is assessed.  This probability is then multiplied by the amount of the expected loss arising from default to determine the lifetime expected credit loss for the trade receivables. For trade receivables, which are reported net, such provisions are recorded in a separate provision account with the loss being recognised within administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income.  On confirmation that the trade receivable will not be collectable, the gross carrying value of the asset is written off against the associated provision.

 

Impairment provisions for receivables from related parties and loans to related parties are recognised based on a forward looking expected credit loss model.  The methodology used to determine the amount of the provision is based on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition of the financial asset.  For those where the credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition of the financial asset, 12 month expected credit losses along with gross interest income are recognised.  For those for which credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime expected credit losses along with the gross interest income are recognised.  For those that are determined to be credit impaired, lifetime expected credit losses along with interest income on a net basis are recognised.

 

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are comprised of trade and other payables, borrowings and other short-term monetary liabilities, which are recognised at amortised cost.

Trade payables, other payables and other short-term monetary liabilities, are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Borrowings are recognised initially at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently carried at amortised cost; any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in the income statement over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method.

Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw-down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalised as a pre-payment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the facility to which it relates.

Share-based payments

The Company issues equity-settled share-based payments to employees. Equity-settled share-based payments are measured at fair value at the date of grant. The fair value determined at the grant date of the equity-settled share-based payments are amortised through the consolidated statement of comprehensive income over the vesting period of the options, together with a corresponding increase in equity, based upon the Company's estimate of the shares that will eventually vest.

Fair value is measured using the Black-Scholes option pricing model taking into account the following inputs:

·       the exercise price of the option;

·       the life of the option;

·       the market price on the date of the grant of the option;

·       the expected volatility of the share price;

·       the dividends expected on the shares; and

·       the risk free interest rate for the life of the option.

The expected life used in the model has been adjusted, based on management's best estimate, for the effects of non-transferability, exercise restrictions and behavioural considerations.

At the end of each reporting period, the Group revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market conditions and recognises the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in the income statement, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

 

5. Critical accounting estimates and judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty

The Company makes certain estimates and assumptions regarding the future. Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. In the future, actual experience may differ from these estimates and assumptions. The estimates and assumptions that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are discussed below.

Impairment of intangible assets

The Group is required to test, where indicators of impairment exist or there are intangible assets with indefinite lives, whether intangible assets have suffered any impairment. The recoverable amount is determined based on value in use calculations. The use of this method requires the estimation of future cash flows and the choice of a discount rate in order to calculate the present value of the cash flows. Key assumptions for the value in use calculation are described in note 16.

Share-based payment charge

The aggregate fair value expense of each grant is determined through using the Black-Scholes model detailed above and an estimate for the attainment of the non-market based performance condition in FY20. The estimate of earnings per share, the non-market based performance measure, relies on the assumptions regarding the achievement of the current year's budget and a projection of earnings for FY20, taking into account available market data and performance trends. At this juncture it's estimated that 48% of the non-market based performance condition will be met.

 

6. Segmental reporting

The Board of Directors, as the chief operating decision-making body, review financial information for and make decisions about the Group's overall franchising business and have identified a single operating segment, that of property franchising.

7. Revenue

The Directors believe there to be 3 material income streams relevant to property franchising which are split as follows:

 

2018

2017

 

 

as restated

 

£

£

Management Service Fees

9,402,896

8,256,438

Franchise sales

289,808

569,857

Other

1,552,909

1,318,901

 

11,245,613

10,145,196

All revenue is earned in the UK and no customer represents greater than 10% of total revenue in either of the years reported.

Other revenue relates to training and ongoing support to franchisees.

See note 20 for details of accrued income and note 25 for details of deferred income.

See note 18 for the value of prepaid assisted acquisitions support amortised as a deduction from Management Service Fees.

8. Administrative expenses

Administrative expenses relate to those expenses that are not directly attributable to any specific sales activity.

Administrative expenses for the year were as follows:

 

2018

2017

 

 

as restated

 

£

£

Employee costs (see note 9)

3,110,452

2,704,417

Marketing and digital costs

617,274

592,931

Property costs

129,626

134,315

General administrative costs

1,333,807

1,284,078

Amortisation

592,323

585,455

 

5,783,482

5,301,196

 

9. Employees and Directors

Average numbers of employees (including Directors), employed during the year:

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

Administration

41

39

-

-

Management

9

9

2

2

 

50

48

2

2

 

Employee costs (including Directors) during the year amounted to:

 

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Wages and salaries

2,737,019

2,403,067

502,118

424,581

Social security costs

331,577

289,756

59,381

45,062

Pension costs

41,856

11,594

10,044

1,328

 

3,110,452

2,704,417

571,543

470,971

Share-based payments charge

49,857

137,020

22,046

110,619

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key management personnel are defined as Directors and executives of the Group. Details of the remuneration of the key management personnel are shown below:

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Wages and salaries

1,452,880

1,206,556

Social security costs

187,711

155,259

Pension costs

25,736

3,194

 

1,666,327

1,365,009

Share-based payments charge

46,847

126,367

 

 

 

 

Details of the Directors' emoluments are disclosed in the Directors' remuneration report on pages 29 to 30. The share-based payments charge for the current year has been charged to the Statement of Comprehensive Income of this £21,772 (2017 £110,452) relates to Directors.

10. Exceptional items

There were no exceptional items in the year ended 31 December 2018.

 

The net exceptional income in the year ended 31 December 2017 of £701,463 all related to EweMove. It consisted of the reduction in contingent consideration payable of £1,179,146 and the associated unwinding of discounting on contingent consideration in the year (see note 12) and a write-down from a revision to valuation estimates of £500,000 against the master franchise agreement following evidence suggesting that the asset's value was impaired (see note 5).

 

11. Operating profit

 

2018

2017

 

 

as restated

 

£

£

The operating profit is stated after charging:

 

 

Depreciation

33,416

29,212

Amortisation

681,024

616,794

Share-based payments charge

49,857

137,020

Loss on disposal of intangible assets

-

2,579

Auditor's remuneration (see below)

45,000

62,500

Staff costs (note 9)

3,110,452

2,704,417

Operating lease expenditure

67,333

70,000

Exceptional items

-

(701,463)

Audit services

 

 

- Audit of the Company and consolidated accounts

45,000

55,500

- Audit related assurance services

-

7,000

Other non-audit services

 

 

- Corporate finance services

-

-

- Tax advisory services

-

-

- IT consultancy services

-

11,641

 

45,000

74,141

Comprising:

 

 

Audit services

45,000

62,500

Non-audit services

-

11,641

 

45,000

74,141

 

12. Finance income and costs

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Finance income:

 

 

Bank interest

6,464

16,176

Other similar income

2,504

11,899

 

8,968

28,075

 

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Finance costs:

 

 

Bank interest

71,494

98,452

Unwinding of discounting on deferred consideration

-

22,317

 

71,494

120,769

 

13. Taxation

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Current tax

925,702

667,065

Adjustments in respect of previous periods

16,740

43,787

Current tax total

942,442

710,852

Deferred tax credit on acquired business combinations

(95,401)

(88,617)

Deferred tax credit on share-based payments

-

(23,318)

Deferred tax total

(95,401)

(111,935)

Total tax charge in statement of comprehensive income

847,041

598,917

 

The tax assessed for the period is higher (2017: lower) than the standard rate of corporation tax in the UK. The difference is explained below.

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Profit on ordinary activities before tax

4,269,477

4,250,676

Profit on ordinary activities multiplied by the effective standard rate of corporation tax in the UK of 19%

 

 

(2017: 19.25%)

811,200

818,255

Effects of:

 

 

Expenses / (income) not deductible for tax purposes

9,412

(105,946)

Depreciation in excess of capital allowances

9,689

-

Effect of change in rate used for deferred tax

-

(14,815)

Tax relief on share-based payments

-

(142,364)

Adjustments in respect of previous periods

16,740

43,787

Total tax charge in respect of continuing activities

847,041

598,917

14. Earnings per share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit for the financial year by the weighted average number of shares during the year.

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Earnings per ordinary share

 

 

Profit from continuing operations

3,422,436

3,651,759

 

3,422,436

3,651,759

Diluted earnings per ordinary share

The charge relating to share-based payments is immaterial and therefore the earnings used in the diluted earnings per ordinary share calculation are the same as that shown above.

 

2018

2017

 

Number

Number

Weighted average number of shares

 

 

Number used in basic earnings per share

25,822,750

25,651,423

Dilutive effect of share options on ordinary shares

-

-

Number used in diluted earnings per share

25,822,750

25,651,423

There were options over 2,184,800 ordinary shares outstanding at 31 December 2018; 2,120,000 had not yet vested and have performance conditions which will determine whether they vest or not in the future. The remaining option over 64,800 ordinary shares was exercisable at 31 December 2018 but the average share price during the year ended 31 December 2018 was below the exercise price. For these reasons in 2018 there is no dilutive effect of share options on the earnings per share calculation.

In 2017 there were options over 2,204,800 ordinary shares outstanding at 31 December 2017; 2,140,000 had not yet vested and had performance conditions determining whether they vested in the future or not. The remaining option over 64,800 shares was exercisable at 31 December 2017 but the average share price during the year ended 31 December 2017 was below the exercise price. For these reasons in 2017 there was no dilutive effect of share options on the earnings per share calculation.

15. Dividends

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Final dividend for 2017

 

 

5.4p per share paid 21 May 2018 (2017: 4.5p per share paid 11 May 2017)

1,394,429

1,153,366

Interim dividend for 2018

 

 

2.4p per share paid 3 October 2018 (2017: 2.1p per share paid 6 October 2017)

619,746

542,278

Total dividend paid

2,014,175

1,695,644

The Directors propose a final dividend for 2018 of 6.0p per share totaling £1,549,365 , which they expect will be paid on 28 May 2019. As this is subject to approval by the shareholders no provision has been made for this in these financial statements.

16. Intangible assets

 

Master Franchise

Agreement

Brands

Technology

Customer lists

Goodwill

Total

 

£

£

£

£

£

£

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brought forward 1 January 2017

7,803,436

1,972,239

92,704

256,751

7,226,160

17,351,290

Additions

-

-

181,506

56,626

-

238,132

Disposals

-

-

-

(11,665)

-

(11,665)

Carried forward 31 December 2017

7,803,436

1,979,239

274,210

301,712

7,226,160

17,577,757

Additions

-

-

-

20,000

-

20,000

Disposals

-

-

-

(106,772)

-

(106,772)

Carried forward 31 December 2018

7,803,436

1,972,239

274,210

214,940

7,226,160

17,490,985

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation & Impairment

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brought forward at 1 January 2017

412,354

22,242

6,180

148,250

-

589,026

Charge for year

413,174

66,726

42,938

62,618

-

585,456

Impairment

500,000

-

-

-

-

500,000

Eliminated on disposals

-

-

-

(9,022)

-

(9,022)

Carried forward 31 December 2017

1,325,528

88,968

49,118

201,846

-

1,665,460

Charge for year

413,174

66,726

79,037

33,386

-

592,323

Eliminated on disposals

-

-

-

(91,553)

-

(91,553)

Carried forward 31 December 2018

1,738,702

155,694

128,155

143,679

-

2,166,230

Net book value

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 December 2018

6,064,734

1,816,545

146,055

71,261

7,226,160

15,324,755

At 31 December 2017

6,477,908

1,883,271

225,092

99,866

7,226,160

15,912,297


The carrying amount of goodwill relates to 4 (2017: 4) cash generating units, and reflects the difference between the fair value of consideration transferred and the fair value of assets and liabilities purchased.

Business combinations acquired October 2014

Goodwill is assessed for impairment by comparing the carrying value to the value in use calculations. The value in use of the goodwill arising on the acquisitions of Xperience Franchising Limited ("XFL") and Whitegates Estate Agency Limited ("WEAL") is based on the cash flows derived from the actual revenues and operating margins for 2018 and projections through to 31 December 2020. Thereafter projected revenue growth was assumed to decline linearly to a long-term growth rate of 2.2%.

The cash flows arising were discounted by the weighted average cost of capital which included a small companies' risk premium to allow for factors such as illiquidity in the shares. These discount rates were 13.5% for XFL and 15.0% for WEAL, the latter higher rate reflecting WEAL's smaller size and more volatile earnings. This resulted in a total value for each company of the identifiable intangible assets that exceeded the carrying values of the respective companies' goodwill.

The Directors do not consider goodwill to be impaired. The Directors believe that no reasonably possible change in assumptions at the year end will cause the value in use to fall below the carrying value and hence impair the goodwill.

The master franchise agreements are being amortised over 25 years. The period of amortisation remaining at 31 December 2018 was 20 years 10 months.

The brand names under which XFL trades of C J Hole, Parkers and Ellis & Co have been in existence for between 70 years and 168 years. Management see them as strong brands with significant future value and has deemed them to have indefinite useful lives as there is no foreseeable limit to the period over which the assets are expected to generate net cash inflows for the Group. As a consequence, management annually assess whether the carrying value of these brands have been impaired.

The Relief-from-Royalty-Method was used to value the brand names. Looking at independent research of royalty rates, management selected pre-tax royalty rates of between 3% and 5% for the above brand names.

The after tax royalty rates were then applied to the projected cash flows of each brand.  The projected cash flows being the forecast growth in current revenues using market data through to 31 December 2020. Thereafter projected revenue growth was assumed to decline linearly to a long-term growth rate of 2.2%. The after tax cash flows determined through this process were then discounted at 13.5% to determine a value for each brand name. This discount rate approximated the Company's WACC as the risk profile of the brand names was seen as commensurate with that of the overall Company. The values derived exceeded their carrying values.

The Directors believe that no reasonably possible change in assumptions at the year end will cause the value in use of the brands names CJ Hole, Parkers and Ellis & Co to fall below their carrying values and hence impair their intangible values.

The Whitegates brand was valued in a similar manner and deemed to have an immaterial value when the acquisition was made principally due to its lack of profitability over preceding years. It is therefore not recognised separately.

Business combination acquired September 2016

Goodwill is assessed for impairment by comparing the carrying value to the value in use calculations. The value in use of the goodwill arising on the acquisition of EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd ("ESL") is based on the cash flows derived from the actual revenues and operating margins for 2018 and projections through to 31 December 2024. Thereafter projected revenue growth was assumed to 2.2% per annum.

A period of projected cash flows exceeding 5 years was deemed appropriate because the business has only been operating for 5 years, is continuing to recruit relatively high levels of new franchisees, each new franchisee should grow significantly in the first 5 years of operation and it has yet to develop the operational efficiencies of a mature franchisor.

The revenue growth rates used in the valuation range from 19% in FY19 to 4% in FY24.

The cash flows arising were discounted by the weighted average cost of capital being 14.07% which included a small companies' risk premium to allow for factors such as illiquidity in the shares. This resulted in the value in use exceeding the carrying value of the goodwill and separately identifiable intangible assets. The enterprise's overall value exceeds the cash generating unit's carrying value.

The attrition rate of franchisees existing at acquisition implied that the remaining useful life of the master franchise agreement may be shorter than that originally assumed of 21 years at acquisition. For this reason, the remaining useful life of the master franchise agreement was reduced to 15 years during the 2017 financial year. The period of amortisation remaining at 31 December 2018 was 12 years 8 months.

During 2017, the master franchise agreement was written down by £0.5m as a result of a revision to valuation estimates.

 

The remaining useful life of the brand name was also reviewed. It continues to attract and recruit the same level of franchisees as in previous years and to attract higher numbers of customers. Given these 2 factors the remaining useful life of the brand was considered to be unaltered at 21 years. The period of amortisation remaining at 31 December 2018 was 18 years and 8 months.

 

The following table reflects the level of movements required in revenue or costs which could result in a potential impairment per the value in use calculation of goodwill. A further percentage (fall)/increase, of the magnitude indicated in the table below, in any one of the key assumptions set out above would result in a removal of the headroom in the value in use calculation for goodwill in 2018. Thus, if the discount rate increased by more than 24% to above 17.44%, an impairment change would result against goodwill, all other assumptions remaining unchanged.

 

Assumption

Judgement

Sensitivity

Discount rate

As indicated above the rate used is 14.07%

24%

Revenue - FY19 to FY25

The range of growth rates for FY19 to FY25 are stated above

(48%)

Direct costs - all years

Assumed to be 28% of revenue for all years

32%

Indirect costs - all years

Assumed to be 45% of revenue in FY19 and then decline linearly to 31% of revenue in FY28 onwards

25%

Direct and indirect costs - all years

14%

 

Goodwill and indefinite life intangible assets have been allocated for impairment testing purposes to the following cash generating units.

The carrying values are as follows:

 

Goodwill

Brands

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Xperience Franchising Limited

912,716

912,716

571,000

571,000

Whitegates Estate Agency Limited

400,501

400,501

-

-

Martin & Co (UK) Limited

75,000

75,000

-

-

EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd

5,837,943

5,837,943

-

-

 

7226,160

7,226,160

571,000

571,000

 

Website Costs included in technology

In 2017 new websites were launched for each of the 5 traditional brands. The costs associated with these websites have been capitalised as intangible assets as the purpose of the websites is to generate leads and revenue for the network.

Company

No goodwill or customer lists exist in the Parent Company.

 

 

17. Property, plant and equipment

Group

 

Short leasehold

improvements

£

Office

equipment

£

Fixtures &

fittings

£

Total

£

Cost

 

 

 

 

Brought forward 1 January 2017

37,034

98,662

154,239

289,935

Additions

-

9,955

2,885

12,840

Disposals

-

(732)

-

(732)

Carried forward 31 December 2017

37,034

107,885

157,124

302,043

Additions

-

26,522

3,983

30,505

Disposals

-

(4,067)

-

(4,067)

Carried forward 31 December 2018

37,034

130,340

161,107

328,481

Depreciation

 

 

 

 

Brought forward 1 January 2017

18,169

38,942

106,840

163,951

Charge for year

3,703

14,569

10,940

29,212

Disposals

-

(386)

-

(386)

Carried forward 31 December 2017

21,872

53,125

117,780

192,777

Charge for year

3,703

19,554

10,159

33,416

Depreciation on disposals

-

(1,296)

-

(1,296)

Carried forward 31 December 2018

25,575

71,383

127,939

224,897

Net book value

 

 

 

 

At 31 December 2018

11,459

58,957

33,168

103,584

At 31 December 2017

15,162

54,760

39,344

109,266

 

18. Prepaid assisted acquisitions support

Group

 

 

 

 

Total

£

Cost

 

 

 

 

Brought forward 1 January 2017

 

 

 

60,074

Additions

 

 

 

265,718

Carried forward 31 December 2017

 

 

 

325,792

Additions

 

 

 

250,085

Carried forward 31 December 2018

 

 

 

575,877

Amortisation

 

 

 

 

Brought forward 1 January 2017

 

 

 

2,002

Charge for year - to revenue

 

 

 

24,800

Charge for year - to cost of sales

 

 

 

6,538

Carried forward 31 December 2017

 

 

 

33,340

Charge for year - to revenue

 

 

 

61,492

Charge for year - to cost of sales

 

 

 

27,209

Carried forward 31 December 2018

 

 

 

122,041

Net book value

 

 

 

 

At 31 December 2018

 

 

 

453,836

At 31 December 2017

 

 

 

292,452

Cashback and broker's commission is presented as prepaid assisted acquisitions support.

The additions represent sums provided to franchisees that have made qualifying acquisitions to grow their lettings' portfolios. The cashback sum provided is based on a calculation of the estimated increase in MSF as a result of the acquisition and the sum provided for the broker's commission is based on the charge payable to the broker. In providing these sums the Group ensures that franchisees are contractually bound to the relevant franchisor for a period in excess of that required for the economic benefits to exceed the sums provided.

Company

No prepaid assisted acquisitions support exists in the Parent Company.

19. Investments

Company

 

Shares in Group

 

undertakings

 

£

Cost

 

At 1 January 2017

34,249,674

Capital contribution to subsidiaries - share options

26,401

Impairment of Investment

(500,000)

At 31 December 2017

33,776,075

Capital contribution to subsidiaries - share options

27,811

At 31 December 2018

33,803,886

Net book value

 

At 31 December 2018

33,803,886

At 31 December 2017

33,776,075

The Property Franchise Group PLC was incorporated on 7 October 2013. On the 10 December 2013 a share for share exchange acquisition took place with Martin & Co (UK) Limited; 17,990,000 ordinary shares in The Property Franchise Group PLC were exchanged for 100% of the issued share capital in Martin & Co (UK) Limited.

On 31 October 2014 the Company acquired the entire issued share capital of Xperience Franchising Limited and Whitegates Estate Agency Limited for a consideration of £6,110,284.

On 5 September 2016 the Company acquired the entire issued share capital of EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd, and its dormant subsidiary Ewesheep Ltd, for initial consideration of £8m. Of the total consideration, £2.1m represented contingent consideration, of which £0.5m was paid out on 30 July 2017 and £0.5m was paid out on 31 December 2017. No further sums are due.

Martin & Co (UK) Limited, Xperience Franchising Limited, Whitegates Estate Agency Limited, EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd and Ewesheep Ltd are exempt from the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 relating to the audit of accounts under section 479A of the Companies Act 2006.

At the year-end The Property Franchise Group PLC has guaranteed all liabilities of Martin & Co (UK) Limited, Xperience Franchising Limited, Whitegates Estate Agency Limited, EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd and Ewesheep Ltd. The value of the contingent liability resulting from this guarantee is unknown at the year-end.

The carrying value of the investment in EweMove has been considered for impairment through value in use calculations and it was determined that no impairment was required in the year ended 31 December 2018. In the prior year a write-down of £500,000 against the carrying value of the master franchise agreement was appropriate (see note 5 - Impairment of intangible assets), this was accounted for in the year ended 31 December 2017.

The carrying values of the other investments (all companies except for EweMove) have been considered for impairment and it has been determined that the value of the discounted future cash inflows exceeds the carrying value. Thus, there is no impairment charge.

The Company's investments at the balance sheet date in the share capital of companies include the following, which all have their registered offices at the same address as the Company:

Subsidiaries

 

Share class

% ownership and voting rights

Country of incorporation

Martin & Co (UK) Limited

Ordinary

100

England

Xperience Franchising Limited

Ordinary

100

England

Whitegates Estate Agency Limited

Ordinary

100

England

EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd

Ordinary

100

England

Ewesheep Ltd*

Ordinary

100

England

MartinCo Limited

Ordinary

100

England

*         indirectly owned

20. Trade and other receivables

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Trade receivables

217,040

254,722

3,191

-

Less: provision for impairment of trade receivables

(103,574)

(116,862)

-

-

Trade receivables - net of impairment provisions

113,466

137,860

3,191

-

Loans to franchisees

36,523

39,344

-

-

Other receivables

8,539

21,225

5,556

-

Amounts due from group undertakings

-

-

160,782

-

Prepayments and accrued income

937,746

918,908

23,011

39,684

Tax receivable

-

-

168,980

800,527

 

1,096,274

1,117,337

361,520

840,211

The Group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses using a lifetime expected credit loss provision for trade receivables.  To measure expected credit losses on a collective basis, trade receivables are grouped based on similar credit risk and aging. The expected loss rates are based on the Group's historical credit losses experienced over the previous year. Forward looking factors are considered to the extent that they are deemed material.

The Group is entitled to the revenue by virtue of the terms in the franchise agreements and can force the sale of a franchise to recover a debt if necessary.

Ageing of trade receivables

The following is an analysis of trade receivables that are past due date but not impaired. These relate to a number of customers for whom there is no recent history of defaults. The ageing analysis of these trade receivables is as follows:

 

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Group

 

 

Not more than 3 months

70,149

80,898

More than 3 months but not more than 6 months

18,080

11,926

More than 6 months but not more than 1 year

4,585

9,667

 

92,814

102,491

The Directors consider that the carrying value of trade and other receivables represents their fair value.

The Group does not hold any collateral as security for its trade and other receivables. In the current year a loan was made to a franchisee for £30k and is secured by way of a fixed and floating charge over their assets. At the 31 December 2018 £23k was outstanding in relation to this loan. In a prior year a loan was made to another franchisee for £147k and as at 31 December 2018 £11k (2017 £19k) was outstanding in relation to this loan.

Included within "Prepayment and accrued income" is accrued income of £663k (2017: £633k) in relation to Management Service Fees for some of our brands that are invoiced at the beginning of the month following the month to which they relate.

21. Called up share capital

 

2018

2017

 

Number

£

Number

£

Group

 

 

 

 

Authorised, allotted issued and fully paid ordinary shares of 1p each

25,822,750

258,228

25,822,750

258,228

Company

 

 

 

 

Authorised, allotted issued and fully paid ordinary shares of 1p each

25,822,750

258,228

25,822,750

258,228

 

Movements in shares are summarised below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares

 

 

 

At 1 January 2017

 

25,300,750

12 April 2017: shares issued upon exercise of share options at 17.64p by a Director and 2 senior employees

 

329,600

 2 June 2017: shares issued upon exercise of share options at 17.64p by a Director

 

192,400

At 31 December 2017 and 31 December 2018

 

25,822,750

 

 

 

       

22. Share premium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares

Share capital

Share premium

 

 

 

 £

£

At 1 January 2017

 

25,300,750

253,008

3,952,939

12 April 2017: share issue

 

329,600

3,296

54,846

2 June 2017: share issue

 

192,400

1,924

32,015

At 31 December 2017 and 31 December 2018

 

25,822,750

258,228

4,039,800

           

 

For further details of share issues refer to note 21.

 

 

23. Other reserves

 

 

Share-based

 

 

Merger reserve

payment reserve

Total

 

£

£

£

Group

 

 

 

1 January 2017

2,796,984

104,378

2,901,362

Deferred tax on share options

-

(104,378)

(104,378)

Share-based payment charge

-

137,020

137,020

1 January 2018

2,796,984

137,020

2,934,004

Share-based payment charge

-

49,857

49,857

31 December 2018

2,796,984

186,877

2,983,861

Company

 

 

 

1 January 2017

20,786,884

104,378

20,891,262

Deferred tax on share options

-

 (104,378)

(104,378)

Share-based payment charge

-

137,020

137,020

1 January 2018

20,786,884

137,020

20,923,904

Share-based payment charge

-

49,857

49,857

31 December 2018

20,786,884

186,877

20,973,761

Merger reserve

Acquisition of Martin & Co (UK) Limited:

The acquisition of Martin & Co (UK) Limited by The Property Franchise Group PLC did not meet the definition of a business combination and therefore, falls outside of the scope of IFRS 3. This transaction was in 2013 and accounted for in accordance with the principles of merger accounting.

The consideration paid to the shareholders of the Subsidiary was £17,990,000 (the value of the investment). As these shares had a nominal value of £179,900, the merger reserve in the Company is £17,810,000.

On consolidation the investment value of £17,990,000 is eliminated so that the nominal value of the shares remaining is £179,900 and, as there is a difference between the Company value of the investment and the nominal value of the shares purchased in the subsidiary of £100, this is also eliminated, to generate a merger reserve in the Group of £179,800.

Acquisition of EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd:

The consideration for the acquisition of EweMove Sales & Lettings Ltd included the issue of 2,321,550 shares to the vendors at market price. A merger reserve of £2,976,784 is recognised in the Group and the Company being the difference between the value of the consideration and the nominal value of the shares issued as consideration.

Share-based payment reserve

The share-based payments reserve comprises charges made to the income statement in respect of share-based payments and related deferred tax impacts under the Group's equity compensation scheme.

24. Borrowings

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Repayable within 1 year:

 

 

 

 

Bank loan (term loan)

900,000

900,000

900,000

900,000

Repayable in more than 1 year:

 

 

 

 

Bank loan (term loan)

700,000

1,600,000

700,000

1,600,000

Bank loans due after more than 1 year are repayable as follows:

 

 

 

 

Between 1 and 2 years

700,000

900,000

700,000

900,000

Between 2 and 5 years

-

700,000

-

700,000

The Company has a loan facility of £5m, and has drawn down 2 term loans under this facility, referred to below as 'Loan 1' and 'Loan 2'. The loans are secured with a fixed and floating charge over the Group's assets and a cross guarantee across all companies in the Group.

Loan 1 - £2.5m drawn down on 30 October 2014 and is repayable over 5 years in equal instalments. Interest is charged quarterly on the outstanding amount and the rate is fixed during the term at 4.08%. The amount outstanding at 31 December 2018 was £0.5m (2017: £1m).

Loan 2 - £2m drawn down on 5 September 2016 and is repayable over 5 years in equal instalments. Interest is charged quarterly on the outstanding amount, the rate is variable during the term at 2.5% above LIBOR, at 31 December 2018 the rate was 3.41% (2017: 3.02%). The amount outstanding at 31 December 2018 was £1.1m (2017: £1.5m).

At 31 December 2018 the unutilised amount of the facility was £3.4m (2017: £2.5m).

The cash outflow for borrowings arising from financing activities during the year was £0.9m (2017: £0.9m).

25. Trade and other payables

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Trade payables

164,181

154,076

15,596

14,427

Other taxes and social security

619,119

572,573

-

-

Other payables

28,113

49,707

-

2,070

Accruals and deferred income

665,406

523,282

48,967

61,606

Amounts owed to group undertakings

-

-

-

55,188

 

1,476,819

1,299,638

64,563

133,291

The Directors consider that the carrying value of trade and other payables approximates their fair value.

Included in "Accruals and deferred income" is deferred income of £36k (2017: £117k) in relation to charges levied on franchisees in advance and EweMove license fees.

26. Leasing agreements

At the balance sheet date, the Group had outstanding commitments for future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases, which fall due as follows:

 

Non-cancellable operating leases

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Group

 

 

Within 1 year

48,000

54,536

Between 1 and 5 years

33,200

86,200

 

81,200

140,736

The lease arrangements above consist of those relating to land and buildings and office equipment.

Company

No leases exist in the Parent Company.

27. Deferred tax

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Balance at beginning of year

(1,467,598)

(1,475,481)

23,318

104,378

Movement during the year:

 

 

 

 

Statement of changes in equity

-

(104,378)

-

(104,378)

Adjustment to deferred tax rate from 20% to 17%

-

-

-

-

Statement of comprehensive income

95,402

111,935

6,783

23,318

Other

 

326

-

-

Acquisitions

-

-

-

-

Balance at end of year

(1,372,196)

(1,467,598)

30,101

23,318

Deferred taxation has been provided as follows:

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Accelerated capital allowances

(5,895)

(5,895)

-

-

Share-based payments

30,101

23,318

30,101

23,318

Acquired business combinations

(1,396,402)

(1,485,021)

-

-

 

(1,372,196)

(1,467,598)

30,101

23,318

 

 28. Financial instruments

Financial instruments - Risk Management

The Group is exposed through its operations to the following financial risks:

·       Credit risk

·       Liquidity risk

·       Interest rate risk

In common with all other businesses, the Group is exposed to risks that arise from its use of financial instruments. This note describes the Group's objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks and the methods used to measure them.

There have been no substantive changes in the Group's exposure to financial instrument risks, its objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks or the methods used to measure them from previous periods unless otherwise stated in this note.

Principal financial instruments

The principal financial instruments used by the Group and Company, from which financial instrument risk arises, are as follows:

·       Receivables

·       Loans to franchisees

·       Cash at bank

·       Trade and other payables

·       Borrowings

Financial assets

Financial assets measured at amortised cost:

 

Group

Company

 

2018

2017

2018

2017

 

£

£

£

£

Loans and receivables:

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

113,466

137,860

3,191

-

Loans to franchisees

36,523

39,344

-

-

Other receivables

8,539

21,225

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents

3,857,988

2,594,526

1,278,026

346,960

Accrued income

663,089

633,454

-

-

 

4,679,605

3,426,409

1,281,217

346,960

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost:

 

Group

Company

 

2018
£

2017
£

2018
£

2017
£

Other financial liabilities:

 

 

 

 

Bank loan

1,600,000

2,500,000

1,600,000

2,500,000

Trade payables

164,181

154,076

15,596

14,427

Other payables

28,112

49,707

-

2,070

Accruals

629,200

378,043

48,969

61,606

Amounts owed to group undertakings

-

-

70,428

55,188

 

2,421,493

3,081,826

1,734,993

2,633,291

 

Maturity analysis of financial liabilities:

 

Group

Company

 

2018
£

2017
£

2018
£

2017
£

In less than one year:

 

 

 

 

Bank loan

940,519

967,609

940,519

967,609

Trade payables

164,118

154,076

15,596

14,427

Other payables

28,112

49,707

-

2,366

Accruals

629,200

378,043

48,969

61,606

Amount owed to group undertakings

-

-

70,428

55,188

 

1,761,949

1,549,435

1,075,512

1,101,196

In more than one year:

 

 

 

 

Bank loan

722,715

1,663,236

722,715

1,663,236

 

722,715

1,663,236

722,715

1,663,236

All of the financial assets and liabilities above are recorded in the statement of financial position at amortised cost. The above maturity analysis amounts reflect the contractual undiscounted cash flows, including future interest charges, which may differ from carrying values of the liabilities at the reporting date.

General objectives, policies and processes

The Board has overall responsibility for the determination of the Group's risk management objectives and policies and, whilst retaining ultimate responsibility for them, it has delegated the authority for designing and operating processes that ensure the effective implementation of the objectives and policies to the finance function. The Board receives monthly reports from the finance function through which it reviews the effectiveness of the processes put in place and the appropriateness of the objectives and policies it sets.

The overall objective of the Board is to set policies that seek to reduce risk as far as possible without unduly affecting the Group's competitiveness and flexibility. Further details regarding these policies are set out below:

Capital management policy

The Board considers capital to be the carrying amount of equity and debt. Its capital objective is to maintain a strong and efficient capital base to support the Group's strategic objectives, provide progressive returns for shareholders and safeguard the Group's status as a going concern. The principal financial risks faced by the Group are liquidity risk and interest rate risk. The Directors review and agree policies for managing each of these risks. These policies remain unchanged from previous years.

The Board monitors a broad range of financial metrics including growth in MSF, operating margin, EBITDA, return on capital employed, and balance sheet gearing.

It manages the capital structure and makes changes in light of changes in economic conditions. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, it may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders.

Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Group if a franchisee or counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations. It is Group policy to assess the credit risk of new franchisees before entering contracts and to obtain credit information during the franchise agreement to highlight potential credit risks.

The highest risk exposure is in relation to loans to franchises and their ability to service their debt. The Directors have established a credit policy under which franchisees are analysed for creditworthiness before a loan is offered. The Group's review includes external ratings, when available, and in some cases bank references. The Group does not consider that it currently has significant concentration of credit risk with loans extended to franchisees of £20k.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk arises from the Group's management of working capital and the finance charges and principal repayments on its debt instruments. It is the risk that the Group will encounter difficulty in meeting its financial obligations as they fall due.

In order to maintain liquidity to ensure that sufficient funds are available for ongoing operations and future development, the Group monitors forecast cash inflows and outflows on a monthly basis.

Interest rate risk

The Group's exposure to changes in interest rate risk relates primarily to interest earning financial assets and interest bearing financial liabilities. Interest rate risk is managed by the Group on an on-going basis with the primary objective of limiting the effect of an adverse movement in interest rates. Hence, the fixed rate of interest on one of its two bank loans. If LIBOR increased by 1%, this would cost the Group an extra £10k in interest for a full year. The Directors monitor movements in interest rates and believe that any reasonable fluctuation in LIBOR would not have a material impact on the Group.

Fair values of financial instruments

The fair value of financial assets and liabilities is considered the same as the carrying values.

29. Share-based payments

Enterprise Management Incentive ("EMI") Share Option Scheme 2017

During the year ended 31 December 2017 the Company implemented an Enterprise Management Incentive scheme as part of the remuneration for all staff and granted options over 2,290,000 ordinary shares at an exercise price of £0.01 each.

The options over 2,290,000 ordinary shares were granted to different classes of employees at different times as follows:-

1.    Executive Directors were granted options over 1,500,000 ordinary shares on 9 June 2017

 

2.    Staff were granted options over 185,000 ordinary shares on 20 July 2017

 

3.    Leadership team recruits in FY17 were granted options over 605,000 ordinary shares on 14 September 2017

During the year ended 31 December 2017 an option was forfeited over 150,000 shares following the departure of an employee. At 31 December 2017 options over 2,140,000 ordinary shares existed.

During the year ended 31 December 2018 options over 175,000 shares were forfeited following the departure of employees.  At 31 December 2018 options over 1,965,000 ordinary shares existed.

These options have a vesting condition based on EPS targets for the year ended 31 December 2019. The share-based payment charge recognised in the year ended 31 December 2017 in respect of these options was reversed in the year ended 31 December 2018 because none of these options are expected to vest.

Enterprise Management Incentive ("EMI") Share Option Scheme 2018

On 1 August 2018 employees with options in the EMI Share Option Scheme 2017 were granted options in a parallel scheme, over the same number of shares, and with the same EPS target, but these are exercisable 1 year later, after the approval of the financial statements for the year ending 2020. Participants will only be able to exercise one of their options. The total number of parallel options granted was 1,965,000.

On 1 August 2018 new employees who did not have options in the EMI Share Option Scheme 2017 were granted options over 155,000 shares at an exercise price of £0.01 each.

At 31 December 2018 options over 2,120,000 ordinary shares existed.

These options have a vesting condition based on EPS targets for the year ended 31 December 2020.

The following principal assumptions were used in the valuation of each of the grants made in the year ended 31 December 2018 using the Black-Scholes option pricing model:

Assumptions

 

Date of vesting

30/04/2021

Share price at grant

£1.415

Exercise price

£0.01

Risk free rate

0.57%

Dividend yield

5.30%

Expected life

2.75 years

Share price volatility

31.00%

 

The weighted average contractual life remaining of these options is 2 years and 4 months.

Expected volatility is a measure of the amount by which a share price is expected to fluctuate during a period. The assumptions used in valuing each grant are based on the daily historical volatility of the share price over a period commensurate with the expected term assumption.

The risk free rate of return is the implied yield at the date of grant for a zero coupon UK government bond with a remaining term equal to the expected term of the options.

It's expected that with an exercise price of £0.01, should the EPS condition be met, all holders will exercise as soon as the options vest. The Group announces its results usually within the first 10 days of April. So it has been assumed that all options will be exercised on 30 April 2021.

EPS is measured as the basic earnings per share excluding any exceptional income/costs and any share-based payments charges. Further details can be found in the Directors remuneration report on pages 29 and 30.

Management has used the budget for FY19, the projections for FY20 and the market outlook to determine, at 31 December 2018, the achievement of the EPS condition.  

The estimated fair value of the options over 2,120,000 ordinary shares at 31 December 2018 was £1,142,985. This fair value, moderated for the extent to which the options are expected to vest, is spread as a charge between grant and the assumed vesting date. Accordingly, a share-based payments charge of £49,857 has been recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income in the year ended 31 December 2018, which is the net of the share-based payments charge on the 2018 options £186,877 less the share based payments charge recognised last year of £137,020 on the 2017 options.

Enterprise Management Incentive ("EMI") Share Option Scheme 2013

At 31 December 2018 all the conditions for the scheme had been fulfilled.

During the year ended 31 December 2017 options vested over 586,800 ordinary shares and options over 522,000 ordinary shares were exercised leaving one option over 64,800 ordinary shares unexercised.

The maximum term of the vested but unexercised option granted is ten years from the grant date. The option allows the holder to purchase 64,800 ordinary shares at an exercise price stated of £1.385.

Movement in the number of ordinary shares under options for all schemes was as follows:

 

2018
£

2017
£

 

 

Weighted

 

Weighted

 

 

average

 

average

 

 

exercise price

 

exercise price

Number of share options

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at the beginning of the year

2,204,800

£0.0504

586,800

£0.3099

Forfeited

(175,000)

£0.01

(150,000)

£0.01

Granted

155,000

£0.01

2,290,000

£0.01

Exercised

-

-

(522,000)

£0.1764

Outstanding at the end of the year

2,184,800

£0.0508

2,204,800

£0.0504

 

 

 

 

 

The outstanding options at 31 December 2018 comprised 2,120,000 options with an exercise price of £0.01 and 64,800 options with an exercise price of £1.385. The 64,800 options were exercisable at 31 December 2018 and the remaining options were not yet exercisable.

The outstanding options at 31 December 2017 comprised 2,140,000 with an exercise price of £0.01 and 64,800 options with an exercise price of £1.385. The 64,800 options were exercisable at 31 December 2017 and the remaining options were not yet exercisable.

The weighted average remaining contractual life of options is 2.5 years (2017: 2.5 years).

30. Related party disclosures

Transactions with Directors

Dividends

During the year the total interim and final dividends paid to the Directors and their spouses were as follows:

 

2018
£

2017
£

Interim and Final dividend (ordinary shares of £0.01 each)

 

 

Richard Martin

838,556

725,997

Ian Wilson

115,378

97,614

Paul Latham

1,950

1,650

David Raggett

16,957

7,940

 

972,841

833,201

 

Directors' emoluments

Included within the remuneration of key management and personnel detailed in note 9, the following amounts were paid to the Directors:

 

2018

2017

 

£

£

Wages and salaries

715,502

653,326

Social security costs

90,224

82,305

Pension contribution

10,703

-

 

816,429

735,631

Details of Directors' interests in share options are disclosed in the Directors' remuneration report on pages 29 and 30.

 

Shareholder information

Financial calendar

Announcement of Preliminary results - 9 April 2019

Annual General Meeting - 22 May 2019

Half year results - 30 September 2019

Interim dividend - October 2019

Registered office address

The Property Franchise Group PLC

2 St Stephen's Court

St Stephen's Road

Bournemouth BH2 6LA

Company No. 08721920

01202 292829

www.propertyfranchise.co.uk

Auditors

BDO LLP

Arcadia House

Maritime Walk - Ocean Village

Southampton

SO14 3TL

 

Registrar

Computershare Investor Services PLC

The Pavilions

Bridgwater Road

Bristol

BS13 8AE

 

www.propertyfranchise.co.uk

The Property Franchise Group PLC

2 St. Stephen's Court,

St. Stephen's Road,

Bournemouth,

Dorset,

BH2 6LA

Tel: 01202 292829


This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.
 
END
 
 
FR SSFEFAFUSEFL
Close


London Stock Exchange plc is not responsible for and does not check content on this Website. Website users are responsible for checking content. Any news item (including any prospectus) which is addressed solely to the persons and countries specified therein should not be relied upon other than by such persons and/or outside the specified countries. Terms and conditions, including restrictions on use and distribution apply.

 


Final Results - RNS