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RNS
Schroders PLC   -  SDR   

Final Results

Released 07:00 05-Mar-2020

RNS Number : 0598F
Schroders PLC
05 March 2020
 

Schroders plc

Full-year results

5 March 2020

 

-

We delivered resilient results in 2019, despite the challenging market backdrop. Profit before tax and exceptional items was £701.2 million.

-

We made significant progress towards our strategic objectives, with strong growth in our Wealth Management, Private Assets & Alternatives and Solutions businesses.

-

We generated total net new business of £43.4 billion, with positive net inflows across all asset classes as the first tranches of the Scottish Widows mandate were transferred to Schroders.

-

Assets under management increased 23% to close at a new high of £500.2 billion, although the results were impacted by average assets being up only 2% as net inflows funded late in the year and markets only strongly rose through the fourth quarter.

 

 

2019
£m

2018
£m

Change

Net income

2,124.8

2,123.9

0%

Operating expenses

(1,423.6)

(1,362.7)

4%

Profit before tax and exceptional items

701.2

761.2

(8)%

Profit before tax

624.6

649.9

(4)%

Profit after tax

495.7

504.7

(2)%

Basic earnings per share before exceptional items (pence)

201.6

215.8

(7)%

Basic earnings per share (pence)

178.9

183.1

(2)%

Total dividend per share (pence)

114.0

114.0

0%

 

Peter Harrison, Group Chief Executive, commented: "We are pleased that the structural changes we have made in our business have delivered a resilient performance with record net new business of £43.4 billion during the year. As a committed active asset manager, our assets under management exceeded half a trillion pounds for the first time.

Over the last few years we have been re-positioning our business behind a clear vision to move closer to our end clients through Wealth Management, expand our capabilities in Private Assets and grow our Solutions business. Today, these business areas represent over half of our clients' assets under management.

The year saw three notable events: the successful launch of Schroders Personal Wealth (our joint venture with Lloyds Banking Group), the start of the transfer of the Scottish Widows mandate to Schroders and the establishment of a market-leading position in impact investing and micro-finance through our acquisition of BlueOrchard.

We will maintain a focus on active, responsible investing to create better outcomes for our clients. We will continue to invest for the long-term growth of the business and are confident that our diversified model and differentiated strategy will generate value for our clients and shareholders.

In the near term, Covid-19 is creating considerable uncertainty for economies and markets. We believe that our business resilience is sufficient to deal with this, but the impact on economies and markets will be highly correlated with how effective containment measures are."

Management statement

Our strategy is to build closer relationships with our end clients in Wealth Management, to expand our capabilities in Private Assets and to grow our asset management business through Solutions.

We generated record net inflows of £43.4 billion in 2019 (2018: net outflows of £9.5 billion), including £32.0 billion from the Scottish Widows mandate into Solutions strategies and £12.6 billion into Schroders Personal Wealth. We expect the remaining assets from the Scottish Widows mandate of around £30 billion to fund through the first half of 2020. Excluding those net inflows which relate to the relationship with Lloyds Banking Group, and despite significant industry headwinds, we saw small net outflows of £1.2 billion.

Assets under management closed the year up 23% at a new high of £500.2 billion (31 December 2018: £407.2 billion). However, average assets under management were up only 2% from 2019 as net inflows funded late in the year and with weaker markets only significantly improving through the fourth quarter.

As we targeted improvements in client and asset longevity, gross outflows decreased to £89.2 billion or 22% of opening assets under management (2018: £100.0 billion, 23%). Gross inflows increased by £42.1 billion to £132.6 billion. However, gross outflows were generally from higher revenue margin products, such as equities, than our gross inflows. A combination of this and other market and FX movements resulted in a two basis point reduction in net operating revenue margin excluding performance fees, carried interest and real estate transaction fees to 45 basis points (2018: 47 basis points).

Net income increased £0.9 million to £2,124.8 million (2018: £2,123.9 million). Changes to the business mix resulted in a decrease of 1% to net operating revenue to £2,052.4 million (2018: £2,070.7 million), including performance fees and net carried interest of £73.1 million (2018: £55.0 million). The decline in net operating revenue was offset by increases in other income, including a greater contribution to profits from associates and joint ventures of £30.5 million (2018: £19.9 million), principally from our long-standing venture with Bank of Communications in China.

Delivering long-term growth for our clients and shareholders is dependent on developing and maintaining an efficient and scalable operating model. We continued to invest in technology improvements across the business, while growing our headcount in areas of strategic growth, such as Wealth Management, Private Assets and in China. Our total compensation ratio remained below our target range at 44% (2018: 43%) and our total cost ratio was 67% (2018: 64%).

Pre-exceptional profit before tax declined 8% to £701.2 million (2018: £761.2 million). We remained focused on driving efficiencies as we implemented structural changes to realign the business towards areas of future growth. The amortisation of intangible assets, along with the cost of structural changes, contributed towards exceptional costs of £76.6 million (2018: £111.3 million). Profit before tax but after exceptional items decreased by 4% to £624.6 million (2018: £649.9 million). Profit after tax and exceptional items was down 2% at £495.7 million (2018: £504.7 million).

Increasingly, our clients are interested not just in the returns from their investments but the impact of those investments. We remain focused on responsible, sustainable investing and have continued to integrate ESG processes across our product range. We have committed to integration across 100% of our managed assets by the end of 2020. We are also focused on delivering sustainable long-term value for all of our stakeholders and have committed to running our global business on a net zero carbon basis.

As a global business, we continue to closely monitor the situation with Covid-19 and follow the guidance of local public authorities. We have put provisions in place to safeguard the health of employees globally, including travel restrictions and remote working where appropriate. At the same time, we are taking steps so that the business will continue to operate without disruption and that client service remains unaffected.

We are presenting more information on our results in a way which is aligned with our strategic objectives and more reflective of how we measure performance. We are reporting the results of our Asset Management segment in four business areas: Private Assets & Alternatives, Solutions, Mutual Funds and Institutional, in addition to our Wealth Management segment. A breakdown of the movement in assets under management in the year on the previous channel presentation can be found in Appendix 1.

Asset Management

Asset Management net income before exceptional items was down 1% to £1,781.2 million (2018: £1,801.2 million), including performance fees and net carried interest of £72.2 million (2018: £54.6 million). The net operating revenue margin before performance fees, carried interest and real estate transaction fees was 43 basis points (2018: 45 basis points). Profit before tax and exceptional items declined 10% to £606.9 million (2018: £670.8 million) and profit before tax fell 4% to £565.5 million (2018: £588.2 million).

Private Assets & Alternatives

Private Assets provide investment opportunities that are available through private markets. Our clients have increased their allocation to private markets and alternative investments in search of longer-term, less correlated and potentially better investment returns.

We have continued to strengthen our position in Private Assets & Alternatives in 2019 with ongoing client demand and selected acquisitions.

In July, we announced that we had reached agreement to acquire a majority stake in BlueOrchard Finance, leaders in impact investing and micro-finance in emerging and frontier markets. We also reinforced our real estate investment capabilities with the acquisition of Blue Asset Management, a Germany-based real estate business.

We generated £2.8 billion of net inflows in 2019, led by demand for private equity and securitised credit mandates. Private Assets & Alternatives has been our fastest growing business area over recent years, with assets under management increasing by more than 125% in the last five years. Assets under management at the end of 2019 were up 16% to £44.2 billion (31 December 2018: £38.0 billion). The net operating revenue margin excluding performance fees, carried interest and real estate transaction fees was 63 basis points (2018: 66 basis points).

Solutions

Increasingly, our clients are not looking for Schroders to simply be a component provider of investment products, but rather, they want us to play a wider role and to offer a complete solution or partnership to help them achieve their financial goals. These relationships are typically long-term in nature and improve our overall client longevity.

Solutions strategies have attracted high levels of client demand, generating £46.0 billion of net new business over the last five years. In 2019, we saw £34.5 billion of net new inflows, most notably through the transfer of the first parts of the Scottish Widows mandate. The net operating revenue margin in Solutions was 21 basis points (2018: 22 basis points). Solutions strategies closed the year with £142.8 billion of assets under management (31 December 2018: £95.9 billion).

Mutual Funds

As part of what might be considered our more traditional asset management business, Mutual Funds are provided through our intermediary network for retail clients and are solely or dual-branded 'Schroders'.

Our Mutual Fund business proved to be relatively resilient this year, despite the "risk-off" environment at the start of the year. There were net outflows of £1.5 billion and Mutual Fund assets under management ended the year at £102.4 billion (31 December 2018: £95.1 billion). The net operating revenue margin for Mutual Funds was 73 basis points (2018: 75 basis points).

Institutional

Also part of our more traditional asset management business, we continue to provide institutions with index-relative products as a component of their overall investment strategies or as part of a sub-advised mandate.

We saw net outflows from our Institutional business of £7.1 billion in 2019, led by redemptions from equity strategies as clients continued to derisk their portfolios. The net operating revenue margin excluding performance fees was 32 basis points (2018: 33 basis points). Institutional assets under management ended the year at £144.1 billion (31 December 2018: £134.5 billion).

Wealth Management

Wealth Management net income rose 7% to £309.6 million (2018: £289.8 million), including performance fees of £0.9 million (2018: £0.4 million). Profit before tax and exceptional items decreased 6% to £87.5 million (2018: £93.4 million), while profit before tax decreased 22% to £52.9 million (2018: £68.0 million) as it was impacted by exceptional items relating to acquisitions and the structural changes we have made.

We continued to generate good growth in this area, with record net new business of £14.7 billion. We launched Schroders Personal Wealth in the fourth quarter and acquired the wealth management business of Thirdrock in Singapore.

Total assets under management in Wealth Management increased 53% in the year to £66.7 billion (31 December 2018: £43.7 billion). Over five years, Wealth Management assets under management have grown by more than 110%.

The net operating revenue margin before performance fees was 59 basis points (2018: 61 basis points).

Group

The Group segment generated profit before exceptional items of £6.8 million in 2019 (2018: loss of £3.0 million), driven by gains from our investment capital portfolios.

Dividend

The Board will recommend to shareholders at the Annual General Meeting a final dividend of 79.0 pence (2018: 79.0 pence), which is unchanged from 2018. This will bring the total dividend for the year to 114.0 pence (2018: 114.0 pence). The final dividend will be paid on 7 May 2020 to shareholders on the register at 27 March 2020.

Outlook

Despite recent market weakness, our focused strategy, global footprint and diversified business mean we are well placed to generate growth for our clients and shareholders over the long term.

In the near term, Covid-19 is creating considerable uncertainty for economies and markets. We believe that our business resilience is sufficient to deal with this, but the impact on economies and markets will be highly correlated with how effective containment measures are.

There are challenges facing the traditional asset management industry, but we see a range of growth opportunities particularly in our Wealth Management, Private Assets & Alternatives and Solutions business areas, which now account for more than half of our assets under management.

We will retain focus on delivering positive investment outcomes for our clients and reshaping the business towards high quality, long-lasting client relationships. Our focus on efficiency throughout the business will remain key, but we will continue to invest through the cycle for future growth.

For further information, please contact:

Investors

 

 

 

Alex James

Investor Relations

Tel: +44 (0)20 7658 4308

alex.james@schroders.com

Press

 

 

 

Catherine Armstrong

Head of External Affairs

Tel: +44 (0)20 7658 2017

catherine.armstrong@schroders.com

Anita Scott

Brunswick

Tel: +44 (0)20 7404 5959

schroders@brunswickgroup.com

 

Additional information

Assets under management (AUM)

Year ended 31 December 2019

£bn

Private Assets & Alternatives

Solutions

Mutual Funds

Institutional

Asset Management

Wealth Management

Total

1 January 2019

38.0

95.9

95.1

134.5

363.5

43.7

407.2

Gross inflows

9.6

46.6

39.4

16.7

112.3

20.3

132.6

Gross outflows

(6.8)

(12.1)

(40.9)

(23.8)

(83.6)

(5.6)

(89.2)

Net flows

2.8

34.5

(1.5)

(7.1)

28.7

14.7

43.4

Acquisitions

3.9

-

-

-

3.9

2.3

6.2

Investment returns

(0.5)

12.4

9.6

16.7

38.2

5.2

43.4

Transfers

-

-

(0.8)

-

(0.8)

0.8

-

31 December 2019

44.2

142.8

102.4

144.1

433.5

66.7

500.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets managed by associates

 

 

 

 

 

69.2

 

Client investment performance

Client investment performance is calculated internally by Schroders to give shareholders and financial analysts general guidance on how our AUM is performing. The data is aggregated and is intended to provide information for comparison to prior reporting periods only. It is not intended for clients or potential clients investing in our products.

 

Percentage of assets outperforming

 

One year

Three years

Five years

To 31 December 2019

68%

68%

71%

To 31 December 2018

43%

74%

76%

 

Investment performance over three years (our key performance indicator) remained strong to 31 December 2019, with 68% of Asset Management assets outperforming. Over five years, 71% of assets were outperforming and over one year, the figure was 68%. This compares to 43% over one year, 74% over three years and 76% over five years at 31 December 2018.

All calculations for investment performance in this statement are made gross of fees with the exception of those for which the stated comparator is a net of fees competitor ranking. When a product's investment performance is disclosed in product or client documentation it is specific to the strategy or product. Performance will either be shown net of fees at the relevant fund share-class level or it will be shown gross of fees with a fee schedule for the strategy supplied.

The calculation includes 100% of internally-managed Asset Management assets, excluding Liability-Driven Investment (LDI) strategies, that have a complete track record over the respective reporting period. Assets held in LDI strategies, which currently amount to £35.3 billion, are excluded as these are not seeking to outperform a stated objective but to match the liability profile of pension funds. Assets managed by third parties are excluded and primarily comprise the Luxembourg-domiciled GAIA fund range of £3.2 billion and legacy private equity assets of £1.4 billion. We do not calculate investment performance of hotels managed by Algonquin (AUM of £1.9 billion).

Performance is calculated relative to the relevant stated comparator for each strategy as below. These fall into one of four categories, the percentages for each of which refer to the three year calculation:

-

For 77% of assets included in the calculation, the stated comparator is the benchmark.

-

If the stated comparator is to competitor rankings, the relative position of the fund to its peer group on a like-for-like basis is used to calculate performance. This applies to 4% of assets in the calculation.

-

Assets for which the stated comparator is an absolute return target are measured against that absolute target. This applies to 11% of assets in the calculation.

-

Assets with no stated objective are measured against a cash return, if applicable. This applies to 8% of assets in the calculation.

Copies of this announcement are available on the Schroders website: www.schroders.com. Peter Harrison, Group Chief Executive, and Richard Keers, Chief Financial Officer, will host a presentation and webcast for the investment community to discuss the Group's results at 9.00 a.m. GMT on Thursday, 5 March 2020 at 1 London Wall Place, London, EC2Y 5AU. The webcast can be viewed live at www.schroders.com/ir. For individuals unable to attend the presentation or participate in the live webcast, a replay will be available from midday on Thursday, 5 March 2020 at www.schroders.com/ir. The Annual Report and Accounts will be available on the Schroders website: www.schroders.com on 27 March 2020.

Please visit www.schroders.com/shareholders-privacy-policy to learn how we handle personal data.

Forward-looking statements

This announcement, the Annual Report and Accounts for 2019, and the Schroders website may contain forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, performance and position, strategy, results of operations and businesses of the Schroders Group. Such statements and forecasts involve risk and uncertainty because they are based on current expectations and assumptions but relate to events and depend upon circumstances in the future and you should not place reliance on them. Without limitation, any statements preceded or followed by or that include the words 'targets', 'plans', 'sees', 'believes', 'expects', 'aims', 'confident', 'will have', 'will be', 'will ensure', 'likely', 'estimates' or 'anticipates' or the negative of these terms or other similar terms are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results or developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements and forecasts. Forward-looking statements and forecasts are based on the Directors' current view and information known to them at the date of this statement. The Directors do not make any undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Nothing in this announcement or in the Annual Report and Accounts or on the Schroders website should be construed as a forecast, estimate or projection of future financial performance.

Consolidated income statement

for the year ended 31 December 2019

 

 

 

2019

2018

 

Notes

Before exceptional items
£m

Exceptional

items2

£m

Total
£m

Before exceptional items
£m

Exceptional

items2

£m

Total
£m

Revenue

3

2,537.0

-

2,537.0

2,626.4

-

2,626.4

Cost of sales

3

(484.6)

-

(484.6)

(555.7)

-

(555.7)

Net operating revenue

 

2,052.4

-

2,052.4

2,070.7

-

2,070.7

Net gain on financial instruments and other income

4

41.9

1.1

43.0

33.3

(13.0)

20.3

Share of profit of associates and joint ventures

10

30.5

(3.3)

27.2

19.9

(0.8)

19.1

Net income

 

2,124.8

(2.2)

2,122.6

2,123.9

(13.8)

2,110.1

Operating expenses

5

(1,423.6)

(74.4)

(1,498.0)

(1,362.7)

(97.5)

(1,460.2)

Profit before tax

 

701.2

(76.6)

624.6

761.2

(111.3)

649.9

Tax

6

(140.5)

11.6

(128.9)

(163.3)

18.1

(145.2)

Profit after tax1

 

560.7

(65.0)

495.7

597.9

(93.2)

504.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

7

201.6p

(22.7)p

178.9p

215.8p

(32.7)p

183.1p

Diluted

7

198.0p

(22.2)p

175.8p

211.8p

(32.1)p

179.7p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total dividend per share

8

 

 

114.0p

 

 

114.0p

1 Non-controlling interest is presented in the Consolidated statement of changes in equity.

2 Please refer to notes 2 and 3 for a definition and further details of exceptional items.

 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

for the year ended 31 December 2019

 

Notes

2019
£m

2018
£m

Profit after tax

 

495.7

504.7

 

 

 

 

Items that may or have been reclassified to the income statement:

 

 

 

Net exchange differences on translation of foreign operations after hedging

(56.0)

31.0

Net gain/(loss) on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

4

6.3

(5.9)

Tax on items taken directly to other comprehensive income

6

(0.4)

(0.7)

 

 

(50.1)

24.4

Items that will not be reclassified to the income statement:

 

 

 

Net actuarial loss on defined benefit pension schemes

14

(23.2)

(11.6)

Tax on items taken directly to other comprehensive income

6

4.0

2.0

 

 

(19.2)

(9.6)

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income for the year, net of tax1

 

(69.3)

14.8

Total comprehensive income for the year1

 

426.4

519.5

1 Non-controlling interest is presented in the Consolidated statement of changes in equity.

 

Consolidated statement of financial position

at 31 December 2019

 

Notes

2019
£m

2018
£m

Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

2,660.3

2,683.4

Trade and other receivables

9

806.7

748.9

Financial assets

9

3,016.4

3,354.9

Associates and joint ventures

10

398.0

175.2

Property, plant and equipment

11, 12

652.3

249.4

Goodwill and intangible assets

13

1,133.4

968.2

Deferred tax

 

36.9

42.8

Retirement benefit scheme surplus

14

136.3

155.6

 

 

8,840.3

8,378.4

Assets backing unit-linked liabilities

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

972.6

598.2

Financial assets

9

11,453.3

10,657.7

 

 

12,425.9

11,255.9

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

21,266.2

19,634.3

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

9

921.7

988.6

Financial liabilities

9

3,531.1

3,660.6

Lease liabilities

12

425.3

-

Current tax

 

54.1

44.2

Provisions

 

32.2

31.4

Deferred tax

 

16.2

15.1

Retirement benefit scheme deficits

 

12.2

17.3

 

 

4,992.8

4,757.2

 

 

 

 

Unit-linked liabilities

9

12,425.9

11,255.9

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

17,418.7

16,013.1

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

3,847.5

3,621.2

 

 

 

 

Total equity1

 

3,847.5

3,621.2

1 Non-controlling interest is presented in the Consolidated statement of changes in equity.

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

for the year ended 31 December 2019

 

 

Attributable to owners of the parent

 

 

Notes

Share capital
£m

Share premium
£m

Own shares
£m

Net exchange differences reserve
£m

Associates and joint ventures reserve
£m

Profit
and loss reserve
£m

Total
£m

Non-controlling
interest
£m

Total
equity
£m

At 1 January 2019

 

282.5

124.2

(163.9)

184.4

83.1

3,108.2

3,618.5

2.7

3,621.2

Restatement on adoption of IFRS 161

1

-

-

-

-

-

(6.9)

(6.9)

-

(6.9)

At 1 January 2019 (restated)

 

282.5

124.2

(163.9)

184.4

83.1

3,101.3

3,611.6

2.7

3,614.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

-

-

-

-

27.2

466.9

494.1

1.6

495.7

Other comprehensive income2

 

-

-

-

(56.0)

-

(13.3)

(69.3)

-

(69.3)

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

-

-

-

(56.0)

27.2

453.6

424.8

1.6

426.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Own shares purchased

16

-

-

(81.0)

-

-

-

(81.0)

-

(81.0)

Share-based payments

 

-

-

-

-

-

61.6

61.6

-

61.6

Tax in respect of share schemes

6

-

-

-

-

-

5.2

5.2

-

5.2

Movements in ownership interests in subsidiaries3

-

-

-

-

-

127.3

127.3

48.4

175.7

Other movements4

 

-

-

-

-

(0.7)

(55.6)

(56.3)

16.3

(40.0)

Dividends

8

-

-

-

-

-

(312.3)

(312.3)

(2.4)

(314.7)

Transactions with shareholders

 

-

-

(81.0)

-

(0.7)

(173.8)

(255.5)

62.3

(193.2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfers

 

-

-

75.8

-

(3.5)

(72.3)

-

-

-

At 31 December 2019

 

282.5

124.2

(169.1)

128.4

106.1

3,308.8

3,780.9

66.6

3,847.5

1 The adoption of IFRS 16 on 1 January 2019 reduced the Group's equity by £6.9 million, see Presentation of the financial statements.

2 Other comprehensive income reported in the net exchange differences reserve comprises the net foreign exchange loss on the translation of foreign operations net of hedging. Other comprehensive income reported in the profit and loss reserve comprises the post-tax actuarial loss on the Group's retirement benefit scheme surplus and post-tax fair value movements on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income.

3 Movements in ownership interests in subsidiaries principally relates to a gain of £153.6 million on the sale of a 19.9% interest in the Group's UK Wealth Management business (see note 10).

4 Other movements principally comprises amounts relating to the acquisition of BlueOrchard Finance AG (see note 18), including an option to acquire the remaining interest currently held by third parties.

 

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

 

Attributable to owners of the parent

 

 

Notes

Share capital
£m

Share premium
£m

Own shares
£m

Net exchange differences reserve
£m

Associates and joint ventures reserve
£m

Profit
and loss reserve
£m

Total
£m

Non- controlling interest
£m

Total
equity
£m

At 1 January 2018

 

282.5

124.2

(162.3)

153.4

65.8

2,995.1

3,458.7

12.3

3,471.0

Restatement on adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 151

-

-

-

-

-

(18.5)

(18.5)

-

(18.5)

At 1 January 2018 (restated)

 

282.5

124.2

(162.3)

153.4

65.8

2,976.6

3,440.2

12.3

3,452.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

-

-

-

-

19.1

485.9

505.0

(0.3)

504.7

Other comprehensive income2

 

-

-

-

31.0

-

(16.2)

14.8

-

14.8

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

-

-

-

31.0

19.1

469.7

519.8

(0.3)

519.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Own shares purchased

16

-

-

(74.9)

-

-

-

(74.9)

-

(74.9)

Share-based payments

 

-

-

-

-

-

63.9

63.9

-

63.9

Tax in respect of share schemes

6

-

-

-

-

-

(3.3)

(3.3)

-

(3.3)

Other movements

 

-

-

-

-

0.5

(16.0)

(15.5)

(7.9)

(23.4)

Dividends

8

-

-

-

-

-

(311.7)

(311.7)

(1.4)

(313.1)

Transactions with shareholders

 

-

-

(74.9)

-

0.5

(267.1)

(341.5)

(9.3)

(350.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfers

 

-

-

73.3

-

(2.3)

(71.0)

-

-

-

At 31 December 2018

 

282.5

124.2

(163.9)

184.4

83.1

3,108.2

3,618.5

2.7

3,621.2

1 The adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15 on 1 January 2018 reduced the Group's equity by £18.5 million.

2 Other comprehensive income reported in the net exchange differences reserve comprises the foreign exchange gain on the translation of foreign operations net of hedging. Other comprehensive income reported in the profit and loss reserve comprises the post-tax actuarial loss on the Group's retirement benefit scheme surplus and post-tax fair value movements on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income.

 

Consolidated cash flow statement

for the year ended 31 December 2019

 

Notes

2019
£m

2018
£m

Net cash from operating activities

17

1,002.0

513.9

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Net acquisition of businesses, associates and joint ventures

 

(152.4)

(131.8)

Net acquisition of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

 

(142.9)

(204.1)

Acquisition of financial assets

 

(1,730.2)

(2,241.3)

Disposal of financial assets

 

1,841.2

2,143.7

Non-banking interest received

 

22.5

27.8

Distributions received from associates and joint ventures

10

3.5

3.1

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(158.3)

(402.6)

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Purchase of subsidiary shares

 

(44.3)

-

Lease payments

12

(26.5)

-

Acquisition of own shares

16

(81.0)

(74.9)

Dividends paid

8

(314.7)

(313.1)

Other flows

 

(0.5)

(0.7)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(467.0)

(388.7)

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

376.7

(277.4)

 

 

 

 

Opening cash and cash equivalents

 

3,281.6

3,519.5

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

376.7

(277.4)

Effect of exchange rate changes

 

(25.4)

39.5

Closing cash and cash equivalents

 

3,632.9

3,281.6

 

 

 

 

Closing cash and cash equivalents consists of:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents available for use by the Group

 

2,578.4

2,650.3

Cash held in consolidated pooled investment vehicles

 

81.9

33.1

Cash and cash equivalents presented within assets

 

2,660.3

2,683.4

Cash and cash equivalents presented within assets backing unit-linked liabilities

 

972.6

598.2

Closing total cash and cash equivalents

 

3,632.9

3,281.6

 

Explanatory notes to the financial statements

1. Presentation of the financial statements

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial information included in this statement does not constitute the Group's statutory accounts within the meaning of Section 434 of the Companies Act 2006 (Act). The statutory accounts for 2018 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies and the auditor's opinion on those accounts was unqualified and did not contain a statement made under Section 498(2) or Section 498(3) of the Act. An unqualified auditor's opinion has also been issued on the statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2019, which will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies in due course.

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), which comprises Standards and Interpretations approved by either the International Accounting Standards Board or the IFRS Interpretations Committee or their predecessors, as adopted by the European Union (EU), and with those parts of the Act applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

The presentation of the income statement includes separate disclosure of exceptional items. The policy for exceptional items is set out in note 2.

(b) New accounting standards and interpretations

IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 Leases (IFRS 16) replaces IAS 17 Leases and became effective on 1 January 2019. The Group initially records a lease liability in the Group's statement of financial position, reflecting the present value of the future contractual cash flows to be made over the lease term, discounted using the Group's incremental borrowing rate. A right-of-use (ROU) asset is also recorded at the value of the lease liability plus any directly related costs and estimated dilapidation expenses and is presented within property, plant and equipment (see note 11). Interest is accrued on the lease liability using the effective interest rate method to give a constant rate of return over the life of the lease whilst the balance is reduced as lease payments are made. The ROU asset is depreciated over the life of the lease as the benefit of the lease is consumed.

The Group considers whether the lease term should include options to extend or cancel the lease. Relevant factors that could create an economic incentive to exercise the option are considered and the option is included if it is reasonably certain to be exercised. After the commencement date, the Group reassesses the lease term if there is a significant event or change in circumstances that is within its control and affects the likelihood that it will exercise (or not exercise) the option.

On adoption of IFRS 16, the Group has calculated the ROU asset as if the standard had always been applied but based on an incremental borrowing rate at 1 January 2019. Lease liabilities were recognised based on the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using the appropriate discount rate at the date of adoption. Comparative information has not been restated as the Group has applied IFRS 16 retrospectively but with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recorded as an adjustment to the opening profit and loss reserve at 1 January 2019.

The Group has applied the optional exemption contained within IFRS 16, which permits the cost of short-term (less than 12 months) leases to be expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term. These lease arrangements are not material to the Group.

At 31 December 2018, the Group had non-cancellable operating lease commitments of £500.1 million. As a result of applying IFRS 16, the Group has recognised a lease liability and ROU asset at 1 January 2019 of £418.3 million and £411.9 million respectively and restated its net assets to reflect a reduction of £6.9 million, net of tax. The weighted average lessee's incremental borrowing rate applied to the lease liabilities on 1 January 2019 was 2.95%.

The opening lease commitments as at 1 January 2019 are reconciled to the opening lease liability as follows:

 

 

£m

Lease commitments as at 1 January 2019

 

500.1

Interest to be unwound over the lease term

 

(81.8)

Opening lease liability at 1 January 2019

 

418.3

 

IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments

On 7 June 2017, the IASB issued IFRIC 23 which became effective on 1 January 2019. The interpretation provides clarification as to how the recognition and measurement requirements of IAS 12 Income Tax should be applied. IFRIC 23 does not have a material impact on the Group's financial statements.

(c) Future accounting developments

The Group did not implement the requirements of any other Standards or Interpretations that were in issue but were not required to be adopted by the Group at the year end date. No other Standards or Interpretations have been issued that are expected to have a material impact on the Group's financial statements.

2. Exceptional items

Exceptional items are significant items of income and expenditure that have been separately presented by virtue of their nature to enable a better understanding of the Group's financial performance. Exceptional items principally relate to items arising from acquisitions undertaken by the Group, including amortisation of acquired intangible assets, and the cost reduction programmes undertaken in 2018 and 2019.

3. Segmental reporting

(a) Operating segments

The Group has three business segments: Asset Management, Wealth Management and the Group segment. The Asset Management segment principally comprises investment management including advisory services in respect of equity, fixed income, multi-asset solutions and private assets and alternatives products. The Wealth Management segment principally comprises investment management, wealth planning and financial advice, platform services and banking services. The Group segment principally comprises the Group's investment capital and treasury management activities, corporate development and strategy activities and the management costs associated with governance and corporate management.

Segmental information is presented on the same basis as that provided for internal reporting purposes to the Group's chief operating decision maker, the Group Chief Executive. Following the acquisition of a 49.9% interest in Scottish Widows Schroder Wealth Holdings Limited, a joint venture with Lloyds Banking Group plc (LBG) that trades as Schroders Personal Wealth (SPW), the Wealth Management segment now includes the Group's proportional share of the income and expenses of SPW on an individual account line basis. This reflects the basis on which the Group monitors the performance of the business. The adjustment column re-presents the results of SPW on a post-tax basis within share of profit of associates and joint ventures in accordance with the accounting rules.

Operating expenses includes an allocation of costs between the individual business segments on a basis that aligns the charge with the resources employed by the Group in respect of particular business areas. This allocation provides management with the relevant information as to the business performance to effectively manage and control expenditure.

 

Asset Management

Wealth Management

Group

Segmental

total

Adjustments

Group

total

Year ended 31 December 2019

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue

2,217.9

334.0

-

2,551.9

(14.9)

2,537.0

Cost of sales

(454.8)

(31.9)

-

(486.7)

2.1

(484.6)

Net operating revenue

1,763.1

302.1

-

2,065.2

(12.8)

2,052.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain on financial instruments and other income

(5.4)

6.5

40.8

41.9

-

41.9

Share of profit of associates and joint ventures

23.5

1.0

4.1

28.6

1.9

30.5

Net income

1,781.2

309.6

44.9

2,135.7

(10.9)

2,124.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

(1,174.3)

(222.1)

(38.1)

(1,434.5)

10.9

(1,423.6)

Profit before tax and exceptional items

606.9

87.5

6.8

701.2

-

701.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional items presented within net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain on financial instruments and other income

1.1

-

-

1.1

-

1.1

Associates and joint ventures amortisation of acquired intangible assets and other costs

-

(3.3)

-

(3.3)

-

(3.3)

 

1.1

(3.3)

-

(2.2)

-

(2.2)

Exceptional items presented within operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets

(9.1)

(20.9)

-

(30.0)

-

(30.0)

Cost reduction programme

(22.3)

(5.7)

(1.0)

(29.0)

-

(29.0)

Other expenses

(11.1)

(4.7)

0.4

(15.4)

-

(15.4)

 

(42.5)

(31.3)

(0.6)

(74.4)

-

(74.4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before tax and after exceptional items

565.5

52.9

6.2

624.6

-

624.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset

Management

Wealth

Management

Group

Total

Year ended 31 December 2018

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue

 

2,317.6

308.8

-

2,626.4

Cost of sales

 

(528.8)

(26.9)

-

(555.7)

Net operating revenue

 

1,788.8

281.9

-

2,070.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain on financial instruments and other income

 

(3.3)

7.5

29.1

33.3

Share of profit of associates and joint ventures

 

15.7

0.4

3.8

19.9

Net income

 

1,801.2

289.8

32.9

2,123.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

(1,130.4)

(196.4)

(35.9)

(1,362.7)

Profit before tax and exceptional items

 

670.8

93.4

(3.0)

761.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional items presented within net income:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss on financial instruments and other income

 

(12.9)

-

(0.1)

(13.0)

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets relating to associates and joint ventures

 

-

(0.8)

-

(0.8)

 

 

(12.9)

(0.8)

(0.1)

(13.8)

Exceptional items presented within operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Cost reduction programme

 

(55.6)

(0.4)

-

(56.0)

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets

 

(8.6)

(20.2)

-

(28.8)

Other expenses

 

(5.5)

(4.0)

(3.2)

(12.7)

 

 

(69.7)

(24.6)

(3.2)

(97.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before tax and after exceptional items

 

588.2

68.0

(6.3)

649.9

 

(b) Net operating revenue by fee type is presented below:

 

Asset Management

Wealth Management

Group

Segmental total

Adjustments

Group total

Year ended 31 December 2019

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Management fees

2,140.3

253.2

-

2,393.5

(13.3)

2,380.2

Performance fees

42.9

0.9

-

43.8

-

43.8

Carried interest

23.4

-

-

23.4

-

23.4

Other fees

11.3

37.6

-

48.9

(1.6)

47.3

Wealth Management interest income earned

-

42.3

-

42.3

-

42.3

Revenue

2,217.9

334.0

-

2,551.9

(14.9)

2,537.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fee expense

(460.7)

(13.6)

-

(474.3)

2.1

(472.2)

Change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest

5.9

-

-

5.9

-

5.9

Wealth Management interest expense incurred

-

(18.3)

-

(18.3)

-

(18.3)

Cost of sales

(454.8)

(31.9)

-

(486.7)

2.1

(484.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating revenue

1,763.1

302.1

-

2,065.2

(12.8)

2,052.4

 

 

Asset Management

Wealth Management

Group

Total

Year ended 31 December 2018

£m

£m

£m

£m

Management fees

2,224.3

227.3

-

2,451.6

Performance fees

26.2

0.4

-

26.6

Carried interest

55.7

-

-

55.7

Other fees

11.4

38.5

-

49.9

Wealth Management interest income earned

-

42.6

-

42.6

Revenue

2,317.6

308.8

-

2,626.4

 

 

 

 

 

Fee expense

(501.5)

(11.1)

-

(512.6)

Change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest

(27.3)

-

-

(27.3)

Wealth Management interest expense incurred

-

(15.8)

-

(15.8)

Cost of sales

(528.8)

(26.9)

-

(555.7)

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating revenue

1,788.8

281.9

-

2,070.7

 

(c) Net operating revenue by region is presented below based on the location of clients:

 

UK

Continental Europe & Middle East

Asia Pacific

Americas

Segmental total

Adjustments

Group total

Year ended 31 December 2019

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Management fees

727.9

750.5

622.8

292.3

2,393.5

(13.3)

2,380.2

Performance fees

6.0

15.0

14.6

8.2

43.8

-

43.8

Carried interest

-

23.4

-

-

23.4

-

23.4

Other fees

32.1

10.1

6.6

0.1

48.9

(1.6)

47.3

Wealth Management interest income earned

34.3

6.6

1.4

          -

42.3

-

42.3

Revenue

800.3

805.6

645.4

300.6

2,551.9

(14.9)

2,537.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fee expense

(58.1)

(194.9)

(180.4)

(40.9)

(474.3)

2.1

(472.2)

Change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest

-

5.9

-

-

5.9

-

5.9

Wealth Management interest expense incurred

(15.7)

(2.5)

(0.1)

-

(18.3)

-

(18.3)

Cost of sales

(73.8)

(191.5)

(180.5)

(40.9)

(486.7)

2.1

(484.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating revenue

726.5

614.1

464.9

259.7

2,065.2

(12.8)

2,052.4

 

 

UK

Continental Europe &
Middle East

Asia
Pacific

Americas

Total

Year ended 31 December 2018

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Management fees

720.3

820.6

622.8

287.9

2,451.6

Performance fees

2.1

4.7

12.5

7.3

26.6

Carried interest

-

55.7

-

-

55.7

Other fees

31.3

12.0

6.5

0.1

49.9

Wealth Management interest income earned

30.6

10.4

1.6

-

42.6

Revenue

784.3

903.4

643.4

295.3

2,626.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fee expense

(64.4)

(231.1)

(178.4)

(38.7)

(512.6)

Change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest

-

(27.3)

-

-

(27.3)

Wealth Management interest expense incurred

(12.3)

(3.4)

(0.1)

-

(15.8)

Cost of sales

(76.7)

(261.8)

(178.5)

(38.7)

(555.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating revenue

707.6

641.6

464.9

256.6

2,070.7

 

Estimates and judgements - revenue

Carried interest represents the Group's contractual right to a share of the profits of around 85 private asset investment vehicles (2018: 74 vehicles), if certain performance hurdles are met. It is recognised when the relevant services have been provided and there is a low probability that a significant reversal will occur.

The amount of carried interest that will be received by the Group is dependent on the cash flows realised by the respective investment vehicles when the underlying investments are successfully disposed of. The resultant cash flows are assessed against the applicable performance hurdle, which is dependent on the capital invested, and timing and quantum of distributions to clients in the vehicle. The outcome is discounted to determine the present value of the carried interest to be recognised.

The Group estimates the cash flows that will be received by the investment vehicles with reference to the current fair value of the underlying investments. Judgement is applied to determine certain assumptions used in the estimate. Those assumptions principally relate to the future growth and the timing of cash flows following the realisation of the underlying investments. No future growth is assumed, reflecting the uncertainty of future investment returns. The timing of distributions to clients is based on the expectations of the individual investment managers as to the realisation of a large number of underlying individual securities.

The Group assesses the maturity of the respective investment vehicles by reference to the percentage of committed capital invested and original capital returned to clients. This helps the Group to understand whether a significant risk of reversal exists and to determine whether the revenue should be recognised or further constrained in accordance with the accounting standards.

 

Estimates and judgements - cost of sales

The change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest (carried interest payable) is based on an assessment of the fair value of the amounts that have been received or may be received in the future and the proportion that is payable to third parties. The settlement of these obligations is contingent on the receipt of the related revenue. The Group therefore applies the same estimates and judgements as those used to determine the present value of the carried interest receivable, as set out above. The amount payable at maturity will depend on the realised value of the carried interest receivable and may differ from the projected value. An increase in the growth rate of 3% would increase cost of sales by £3.2 million, although this would be smaller than the corresponding increase in revenue. An average acceleration/delay in crystallisation dates of one year would increase/reduce cost of sales by £3.0 million/£2.4 million and this amount would be lower than the corresponding increase/reduction in revenue.

 

4. Net gain on financial instruments and other income

 

2019

2018

Year ended 31 December

Income statement
£m

Other comprehensive income
£m

Total £m

Income statement
£m

Other comprehensive income
£m

Total £m

Net gain/(loss) on financial instruments at fair value through profit and loss

0.6

-

0.6

(13.9)

-

(13.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain/(loss) arising from fair value movements

-

6.8

6.8

-

(5.7)

(5.7)

Net transfers on disposal 

0.5

(0.5)

-

0.2

(0.2)

-

Net gain/(loss) on financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

0.5

6.3

6.8

0.2

(5.9)

(5.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net finance income

8.3

-

8.3

8.4

-

8.4

Other income

33.6

-

33.6

25.6

-

25.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain on financial instruments and other income1

43.0

6.3

49.3

20.3

(5.9)

14.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net gain/(loss) on financial instruments held to hedge employee deferred cash awards - presented within operating expenses

21.3

-

21.3

(11.3)

-

(11.3)

Change in financial obligations in respect of carried interest - presented within cost of sales

5.9

-

5.9

(27.3)

-

(27.3)

Net gain/(loss) on financial instruments and other income - net of hedging

70.2

6.3

76.5

(18.3)

(5.9)

(24.2)

1 Includes a credit of £1.1 million (2018: £13.0 million charge) of exceptional items.

 

5. Operating expenses

Operating expenses include:

Year ended 31 December

2019
£m

2018
£m

Salaries, wages and other remuneration

855.6

839.7

Social security costs

84.2

66.5

Pension costs

44.1

45.6

Employee benefits expense

984.0

951.8

Net (gain)/loss on financial instruments held to hedge deferred cash awards

(21.3)

11.3

Employee benefits expense - net of hedging

962.6

963.1

 

The employee benefits expense net of hedging of £962.6 million (2018: £963.1 million) includes £35.3 million (2018: £59.8 million) that is presented within exceptional items. This comprises £6.3 million (2018: £3.8 million) arising from acquisitions completed by the Group and £29.0 million (2018: £56.0 million) of expenses in relation to the cost reduction programme.

6. Tax expense

Analysis of tax charge reported in the income statement:

Year ended 31 December

2019
£m

2018
£m

UK current year charge

60.9

56.9

Rest of the world current year charge

67.7

78.6

Adjustments in respect of prior year estimates

(1.1)

1.7

Total current tax

127.5

137.2

 

 

 

Origination and reversal of temporary differences

(4.1)

7.9

Adjustments in respect of prior year estimates

2.5

0.1

Effect of changes in corporation tax rates

3.0

-

Total deferred tax

1.4

8.0

 

 

 

Tax charge reported in the income statement

128.9

145.2

 

Analysis of tax credit reported in other comprehensive income:

Year ended 31 December

2019
£m

2018
£m

Current tax (credit)/charge on movements in financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

(1.1)

1.5

Deferred tax credit on actuarial gains and losses on defined benefit pension schemes

(4.0)

(2.0)

Deferred tax charge/(credit) on other movements through other comprehensive income

1.5

(0.8)

Tax credit reported in other comprehensive income

(3.6)

(1.3)

 

Analysis of tax (credit)/charge reported in equity:

Year ended 31 December

2019
£m

2018
£m

Current tax credit on Equity Compensation Plan and other share-based remuneration

(2.6)

(2.6)

Deferred tax (credit)/charge on Equity Compensation Plan and other share-based remuneration

(2.6)

5.9

Tax (credit)/charge reported in equity

(5.2)

3.3

 

The UK standard rate of corporation tax for 2019 is 19% (2018: standard rate of 19%). The tax charge for the year is higher (2018: higher) than a charge based on the UK standard rate. The differences are explained below:

Year ended 31 December

2019
£m

2018
£m

Profit before tax

624.6

649.9

Less post-tax net profit of associates and joint ventures

(27.2)

(19.1)

Profit before tax of Group entities

597.4

630.8

 

 

 

Profit before tax of consolidated Group entities multiplied by corporation tax at the UK standard rate

113.5

119.9

 

 

 

Effects of:

 

 

Different statutory tax rates of overseas jurisdictions

8.0

8.7

Permanent differences including non-taxable income and non-deductible expenses

1.7

11.1

Net movement in timing differences for which no deferred tax is recognised

1.3

3.7

Deferred tax adjustments in respect of changes in corporation tax rates

3.0

-

Adjustments in respect of prior year estimates

1.4

1.8

Tax charge reported in the income statement

128.9

145.2

 

Estimates and judgements

The calculation of the Group's tax charge involves a degree of estimation and judgement. Liabilities relating to open and judgemental matters, including those in relation to deferred taxes, are based on the Group's assessment of the most likely outcome based on the information available. As a result, certain tax amounts are based on estimates using factors that are relevant to the specific judgement. The Group engages constructively and transparently with tax authorities with a view to early resolution of any uncertain tax matters. Where the final tax outcome of these matters is different from the amounts provided, such differences will impact the tax charge in a future period. Such estimates are based on assumptions made on the probability of potential challenge within certain jurisdictions and the possible outcome based on relevant facts and circumstances, including local tax laws. There was no individual judgemental component of the tax expense that was material to the Group results when taking into account the likely range of potential outcomes.

Amounts recorded within the 2019 tax charge relating to these judgements were not material (2018: same).

 

7. Earnings per share

Reconciliation of the figures used in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share:

Year ended 31 December

2019
Number
Millions

2018
Number
Millions

Weighted average number of shares used in the calculation of basic earnings per share

276.2

275.9

Effect of dilutive potential shares - share options

4.8

5.2

Effect of dilutive potential shares - contingently issuable shares

0.1

-

Weighted average number of shares used in the calculation of diluted earnings per share

281.1

281.1

The pre-exceptional earnings per share calculations are based on profit after tax excluding non-controlling interest of £4.0 million (2018: £2.6 million). After exceptional items, the profit after tax attributable to non-controlling interest was £1.6 million (2018: loss of £0.3 million).

8. Dividends

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

£m

Pence
per share

 

£m

Pence
per share

 

£m

Pence
per share

Prior year final dividend paid

 

 

 

216.5

79.0

 

216.0

79.0

Interim dividend paid

 

 

 

95.8

35.0

 

95.7

35.0

Total dividends paid

 

 

 

312.3

114.0

 

311.7

114.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current year final dividend recommended

216.7

79.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends of £9.8 million (2018: £10.5 million) on shares held by employee trusts have been waived and dividends may not be paid on treasury shares. The Board has recommended a 2019 final dividend of 79.0 pence per share (2018 final dividend: 79.0 pence), amounting to £216.7 million (2018 final dividend: £216.5 million). The dividend will be paid on 7 May 2020 to shareholders on the register at 27 March 2020 and will be accounted for in 2020.

In addition, the Group paid £2.4 million of dividends to holders of non-controlling interests in subsidiaries of the Group during 2019 (2018: £1.4 million), resulting in total dividends paid of £314.7 million (2018: £313.1 million).

The Company offers a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP). The last date for shareholders to elect to participate in the DRIP for the purposes of the 2019 final dividend is 16 April 2020. Further details are contained on the Group's website.

9. Fair value measurement disclosures

 

Estimates and judgements

Group holds financial instruments that are measured at fair value. The fair value of financial instruments may require some estimation or may be derived from readily available sources. The degree of estimation involved depends on the individual financial instrument and is reflected in the fair value hierarchy below. The hierarchy also reflects the extent of judgements used in the valuation but this does not necessarily indicate that the fair value is more or less likely to be realised. Judgements may include determining which valuation approach to apply as well as determining appropriate assumptions. For level 2 and 3 financial instruments, the judgement applied by the Group gives rise to an estimate of fair value. The approach to determining the fair value estimate of level 2 and 3 financial instruments is set out below, with no individual input giving rise to a material component of the carrying value for the Group. The fair value levels are based on the degree to which the fair value is observable and are defined as follows:

-

Level 1 fair value measurements are those derived from quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and principally comprise investments in pooled investment vehicles, quoted equities and government debt, daily-priced funds and exchange-traded derivatives;

-

Level 2 fair value measurements are those derived from prices that are not traded in an active market but are determined using valuation techniques, which make maximum use of observable market data. The Group's level 2 financial instruments principally comprise foreign exchange contracts, certain debt securities, asset and mortgage backed securities, and loans held at fair value. Valuation techniques may include using a broker quote in an inactive market or an evaluated price based on a compilation of primarily observable market information utilising information readily available via external sources. For funds not priced on a daily basis, the net asset value which is issued monthly or quarterly is used; and

-

Level 3 fair value measurements are those derived from valuation techniques that include inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data. The Group's level 3 financial assets principally comprise investments in private equity funds that are measured by applying appropriate valuation techniques in accordance with International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation Guidelines 2018. Level 3 financial assets also include investments in property investment vehicles that operate hotel businesses. These are valued based on the expected future cash flows that could be generated from the hotel business. The Group's financial liabilities categorised as level 3 principally consist of contingent consideration and other third party liabilities related to carried interest arrangements and other financial liabilities arising from prior acquisitions completed by the Group. The carrying values of level 3 financial liabilities are typically derived from an estimate of the expected future cash flows required to settle the liability. These estimates reflect the projected performance of the acquired businesses for a number of years into the future.

 

The Group holds certain assets and liabilities at fair value. Their categorisation within the fair value hierarchy is shown below:

 

2019

 

Level 1
£m

Level 2
£m

Level 3
£m

Not at
fair value
£m

Total
£m

Financial assets at amortised cost:

 

 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to banks

-

-

-

350.2

350.2

Loans and advances to clients

-

-

-

398.5

398.5

Debt securities

-

-

-

67.0

67.0

 

-

-

-

815.7

815.7

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

Debt securities

598.3

318.6

-

-

916.9

 

598.3

318.6

-

-

916.9

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to clients

-

4.6

-

-

4.6

Debt securities

4.4

213.6

5.6

-

223.6

Pooled investment vehicles

546.6

28.5

95.3

-

670.4

Equities

282.5

13.7

29.7

-

325.9

Derivative contracts

0.5

54.5

4.3

-

59.3

 

834.0

314.9

134.9

-

1,283.8

Financial assets

1,432.3

633.5

134.9

815.7

3,016.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

5.4

-

-

801.3

806.7

Assets backing unit-linked liabilities

8,724.3

2,596.2

29.5

1,075.9

12,425.9

 

10,162.0

3,229.7

164.4

2,692.9

16,249.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities at amortised cost:

 

 

 

 

 

Client accounts

-

-

-

3,041.3

3,041.3

Deposits by banks

-

-

-

97.1

97.1

Other financial liabilities

-

-

-

7.3

7.3

 

-

-

-

3,145.7

3,145.7

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

Derivative contracts

3.1

39.6

-

-

42.7

Other financial liabilities

187.6

-

155.1

-

342.7

 

190.7

39.6

155.1

-

385.4

Financial liabilities

190.7

39.6

155.1

3,145.7

3,531.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

161.5

-

-

760.2

921.7

Unit-linked liabilities

12,310.5

56.5

-

58.9

12,425.9

 

12,662.7

96.1

155.1

3,964.8

16,878.7

 

 

2018

 

Level 1
£m

Level 2
£m

Level 3
£m

Not at
fair value
£m

Total
£m

Financial assets at amortised cost:

 

 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to banks

-

-

384.2

384.2

Loans and advances to clients

-

-

572.6

572.6

Debt securities

-

-

139.1

139.1

 

-

-

-

1,095.9

1,095.9

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

Debt securities

487.3

442.0

-

-

929.3

 

487.3

-

-

929.3

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to clients

-

2.4

-

-

2.4

Debt securities

260.7

5.0

-

369.0

Pooled investment vehicles

614.5

80.9

-

700.4

Equities

197.4

21.5

-

219.6

Derivative contracts

5.2

9.0

-

38.3

 

1,077.8

135.5

116.4

-

1,329.7

Financial assets

1,565.1

116.4

1,095.9

3,354.9

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

9.1

-

739.8

748.9

Assets backing unit-linked liabilities

6,832.0

3,573.4

37.3

813.2

11,255.9

 

8,406.2

4,150.9

153.7

2,648.9

15,359.7

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities at amortised cost:

 

 

 

 

Client accounts

-

-

3,235.5

3,235.5

Deposits by banks

-

-

19.8

19.8

Other financial liabilities

-

-

-

6.2

6.2

 

-

-

3,261.5

3,261.5

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss:

 

 

 

Derivative contracts

3.2

-

-

22.1

Other financial liabilities

222.6

-

154.4

-

377.0

 

225.8

154.4

-

399.1

Financial liabilities

225.8

154.4

3,261.5

3,660.6

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

144.6

-

844.0

988.6

Unit-linked liabilities

10,992.4

64.4

-

199.1

11,255.9

 

11,362.8

83.3

154.4

4,304.6

15,905.1

 

The fair value of financial assets at amortised cost approximates to their carrying value. No financial assets were transferred between levels during 2019 (2018: none).

Movements in assets and liabilities categorised as level 3 during the year were:

 

2019

2018

 

Financial assets
£m

Assets backing unit-linked liabilities
£m

Financial liabilities
£m

Financial
assets
£m

Assets  backing unit-linked liabilities
£m

Financial liabilities
£m

At 1 January

116.4

37.3

154.4

71.9

54.6

72.4

Exchange translation adjustments

(2.4)

(1.8)

(2.9)

1.9

0.3

4.4

Net gain or loss recognised in the income statement

1.3

2.7

(12.0)

6.3

10.7

38.1

Additions

35.2

1.4

54.4

48.4

-

47.4

Disposals

(15.6)

(10.1)

(38.8)

(12.1)

(28.3)

(7.9)

At 31 December

134.9

29.5

155.1

116.4

37.3

154.4

               

 

10. Associates and joint ventures

 

2019

2018

 

Associates
£m

Joint ventures
£m

Total
£m

Associates
£m

Joint ventures
£m

Total
£m

At 1 January

173.1

2.1

175.2

141.8

2.1

143.9

Exchange translation adjustments

(8.3)

(0.1)

(8.4)

1.0

-

1.0

Additions

12.6

196.3

208.9

22.7

-

22.7

Disposals

(0.7)

-

(0.7)

(8.9)

-

(8.9)

Profit for the period after tax1

26.9

0.3

27.2

18.4

0.7

19.1

Other movements in reserves of associates and joint ventures

(0.7)

-

(0.7)

0.5

-

0.5

Distributions of profit

(2.7)

(0.8)

(3.5)

(2.4)

(0.7)

(3.1)

At 31 December

200.2

197.8

398.0

173.1

2.1

175.2

1 Includes £3.3 million of costs that are presented within exceptional items.

 

On 3 October 2019, the Group acquired a 49.9% equity interest in a joint venture, Scottish Widows Schroder Wealth Holdings Limited, that trades as 'Schroders Personal Wealth' (SPW). A 19.9% interest in Schroder Wealth Holdings Limited (SWHL), the Group's UK Wealth Management business, was transferred as consideration for the 49.9% interest in SPW and the acquisition of a portfolio of Wealth Management clients. A gain of £153.6 million was recognised in the Group's statement of changes in equity as a result of the partial disposal of SWHL.

The Group invested in four other associate undertakings during the year for a total consideration of £12.6 million.

On 31 January 2020, the Group disposed of its 41.0% interest in RWC.

11. Property, plant and equipment

 

Leasehold improvements
£m

Land and buildings
£m

Other assets
£m

Total
£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2019

189.0

19.7

110.9

319.6

Exchange translation adjustments

(1.9)

-

(1.5)

(3.4)

Additions

3.7

-

39.4

43.1

Disposals

(3.2)

-

(3.4)

(6.6)

At 31 December 2019

187.6

19.7

145.4

352.7

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2019

(22.3)

(0.6)

(47.3)

(70.2)

Exchange translation adjustments

1.2

-

1.0

2.2

Depreciation charge

(14.3)

(0.3)

(16.6)

(31.2)

Disposals

1.4

-

2.7

4.1

At 31 December 2019

(34.0)

(0.9)

(60.2)

(95.1)

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 December 2019

153.6

18.8

85.2

257.6

Right of use assets

 

 

 

394.7

Property, plant and equipment net book value at 31 December 2019

 

 

 

652.3

 

 

Leasehold improvements
£m

Land and buildings
£m

Other assets
£m

Total
£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2018

166.0

23.1

72.4

261.5

Exchange translation adjustments

2.0

-

1.9

3.9

Additions

58.6

0.6

51.9

111.1

Disposals

(37.6)

(4.0)

(15.3)

(56.9)

At 31 December 2018

189.0

19.7

110.9

319.6

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2018

(50.5)

(0.1)

(48.1)

(98.7)

Exchange translation adjustments

(1.3)

-

(1.1)

(2.4)

Depreciation charge

(8.1)

(0.5)

(13.2)

(21.8)

Disposals

37.6

-

15.1

52.7

At 31 December 2018

(22.3)

(0.6)

(47.3)

(70.2)

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 December 2018

166.7

19.1

63.6

249.4

 

12. Leases

 

Right-of-use assets
£m

Lease liabilities
£m

At 1 January 2019

411.9

418.3

Exchange translation adjustments

(4.0)

(6.0)

Additions and remeasurements of lease obligations

27.1

27.1

Lease Payments

-

(26.5)

Depreciation charge

(40.3)

-

Interest expense

-

12.4

At 31 December 2019

394.7

425.3

 

The depreciation charge and interest expense relating to leases are recorded within operating expenses.

13. Goodwill and intangible assets

 

Goodwill
£m

Acquired intangible assets
£m

Software
£m

Total
£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2019

676.5

278.4

251.4

1,206.3

Exchange translation adjustments

(10.3)

(3.6)

(2.0)

(15.9)

Additions

104.5

51.2

99.8

255.5

Disposals

(8.9)

-

(8.6)

(17.5)

At 31 December 2019

761.8

326.0

340.6

1,428.4

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated amortisation

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2019

-

(154.1)

(84.0)

(238.1)

Exchange translation adjustments

-

1.5

1.0

2.5

Amortisation charge for the year

-

(30.0)

(37.2)

(67.2)

Disposals

-

(0.1)

7.9

7.8

At 31 December 2019

-

(182.7)

(112.3)

(295.0)

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 31 December 2019

761.8

143.3

228.3

1,133.4

 

 

 

 

Goodwill
£m

Acquired
intangible assets
£m

Software
£m

Total
£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2018

595.1

247.3

177.4

1,019.8

Exchange translation adjustments

10.6

4.0

1.6

16.2

Additions

70.8

27.1

90.8

188.7

Disposals

-

-

(18.4)

(18.4)

At 31 December 2018

676.5

278.4

251.4

1,206.3

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated amortisation

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2018

-

(123.3)

(70.7)

(194.0)

Exchange translation adjustments

-

(2.0)

(1.5)

(3.5)

Amortisation charge for the year

-

(28.8)

(30.2)

(59.0)

Disposals

-

-

18.4

18.4

At 31 December 2018

-

(154.1)

(84.0)

(238.1)

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount at 31 December 2018

676.5

124.3

167.4

968.2

 

Of the total goodwill, £556.6 million (2018: £492.0 million) is allocated to Asset Management and £205.2 million (2018: £184.5 million) is allocated to Wealth Management. £66.1 million (2018: £65.0 million) of Wealth Management's goodwill relates to Benchmark Capital.

The Group acquired £49.9 million (2018: £24.9 million) of intangible assets as a result of business combinations completed in 2019, £37.0 million of which related to the acquisition of Blue Asset Management GmbH and BlueOrchard Finance AG in the Asset Management segment, and £12.9 million of which related to five other business combinations within the Wealth Management segment. The Group also acquired £1.3 million (2018: £2.2 million) of customer contracts through Benchmark Capital that were not considered to be business combinations.

Estimates and judgements

The Group estimates the fair value of intangible assets acquired at the acquisition date based on forecast profits, taking account of synergies, derived from existing contractual arrangements. This assessment involves judgement in determining assumptions relating to potential future revenues, profit margins, appropriate discount rates and the expected duration of client relationships. The difference between the fair value of the consideration and the value of the identifiable assets and liabilities acquired, including intangible assets, is accounted for as goodwill.

At each reporting date, the Group applies judgement to determine whether there is any indication that goodwill or an acquired intangible asset may be impaired. If any indication exists and a full assessment determines that the carrying value exceeds the estimated recoverable amount at that time, the assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

The recoverable amount of goodwill is determined using a discounted cash flow model. Any impairment is recognised immediately in the income statement and cannot be reversed. Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to the CGUs that are expected to benefit from that business combination. For all relevant acquisitions, it is the Group's judgement that the lowest level of CGU used to determine impairment is segment level for Asset Management. The Benchmark Capital business within Wealth Management is assessed separately from the rest of Wealth Management.

The recoverable amount of acquired intangible assets is the greater of fair value less costs to sell and the updated discounted valuation of the remaining net residual income stream. Any impairment is recognised immediately in the income statement but may be reversed if relevant conditions improve.

The recoverable amounts of the CGUs are determined from value-in-use calculations applying a discounted cash flow model using the Group's five-year strategic business plan cash flows. The key assumptions on which the Group's cash flow projections are based include long-term market growth rates of 2% per annum (2018: 2%), a pre-tax discount rate of 10% (2018: 11%), expected fund flows and expected changes to margins. The results of the calculations indicate that goodwill is not impaired.

 

14. Retirement benefit obligations

Movements in respect of the assets and liabilities of the UK defined benefit scheme, Schroders Retirement Benefits Scheme (the Scheme), are:

 

2019
£m

2018
£m

At 1 January

951.2

1,029.2

Interest on assets

27.1

26.1

Remeasurement of assets

54.6

(56.8)

Benefits paid

(31.4)

(47.3)

Fair value of plan assets

1,001.5

951.2

 

 

 

At 1 January

(795.6)

(866.3)

Interest cost

(22.6)

(21.9)

Actuarial gains due to change in demographic assumptions

6.4

18.3

Actuarial (losses)/gains due to change in financial assumptions

(90.4)

36.3

Actuarial gains/(losses) due to experience

5.6

(9.3)

Benefits paid

31.4

47.3

Present value of funded obligations

(865.2)

(795.6)

 

 

 

Net assets

136.3

155.6

 

The principal assumptions used for the UK defined benefit scheme, Schroders Retirement Benefits Scheme (the Scheme) are:

 

2019
%

2018
%

Discount rate

2.1

2.9

RPI inflation rate

3.1

3.3

CPI inflation rate

2.2

2.2

Future pension increases (for benefits earned before 13 August 2007)

3.0

3.2

Future pension increases (for benefits earned after 13 August 2007)

2.2

2.2

 

 

 

Average number of years a current pensioner is expected to live beyond age 60:

Years

Years

Men

28

28

Women

29

29

 

 

 

Average number of years future pensioners currently aged 45 are expected to live beyond age 60:

Years

Years

Men

29

29

Women

30

30

 

The last completed triennial valuation of the Scheme was carried out as at 31 December 2017. The funding level at that date was 115% on the technical provisions basis and no contribution to the Scheme was required (2018: nil). The next triennial valuation is due as at 31 December 2020 and will be performed in 2021.

Estimates and judgements

The Group estimates the carrying value of the Scheme by applying judgement to determine the assumptions as set out above to determine the valuation of the pension obligation using member data and applying the Scheme rules. The Scheme assets are mainly quoted in an active market. The most significant judgemental assumption relates to mortality rates which are inherently uncertain. The Group's mortality assumptions are based on standard mortality tables with Continuous Mortality Investigation core projection factors and a long-term rate of mortality improvement of 1.0% (2018: 1.0%) per annum. An additional adjustment, an "A parameter" set to 0.5% per annum, introduced this year, allows for the typically higher rate of mortality improvement among members of the Scheme compared to general population statistics. Mortality tables for male pensioners are scaled back by 2.5% and female pensioners are scaled back by 7.5% to reflect the history of longer life expectancy of the Group's employees.

The Group reviews its assumptions annually in conjunction with its independent actuaries and considers this adjustment appropriate given the geographic and demographic profile of Scheme members. Other assumptions for pension obligations are based in part on current market conditions.

 

15. Share capital and share premium

 

Number
of shares Millions

Ordinary
shares
£m

Non-voting ordinary
shares
£m

Total
shares
£m

Share premium
£m

At 1 January 2019

282.5

226.0

56.5

282.5

124.2

At 31 December 2019

282.5

226.0

56.5

282.5

124.2

 

 

Number
of shares
Millions

Ordinary
shares
£m

Non-voting ordinary
shares
£m

Total
shares
£m

Share premium
£m

At 1 January 2018

282.5

226.0

56.5

282.5

124.2

At 31 December 2018

282.5

226.0

56.5

282.5

124.2

 

 

2019
Number of shares
Millions

2018
Number of shares
Millions

Issued and fully paid:

 

 

                Ordinary shares of £1 each

226.0

226.0

                Non-voting ordinary shares of £1 each

56.5

56.5

 

282.5

282.5

       

 

16. Own shares

Own shares include the Group's shares (both ordinary and non-voting ordinary) that are held by employee benefit trusts.

Movements in own shares during the year were as follows:

 

2019
£m

2018
£m

At 1 January

(163.9)

(162.3)

Own shares purchased

(81.0)

(74.9)

Awards vested

75.8

73.3

At 31 December

(169.1)

(163.9)

 

During the year 2.8 million own shares (2018: 2.2 million own shares) were purchased and held for hedging share-based awards. 2.8 million shares (2018: 2.8 million shares) awarded to employees vested during the year and were transferred out of own shares.

The total number of shares in the Company held within the Group's employee benefit trusts comprise:

 

2019

2018

 

Number of vested shares
Millions

Number of unvested shares
Millions

Total
Millions

Number of vested shares
Millions

Number of unvested shares
Millions

Total
Millions

Ordinary shares

2.0

6.3

8.3

2.7

6.3

9.0

Non-voting ordinary shares

-

0.1

0.1

-

0.1

0.1

 

2.0

6.4

8.4

2.7

6.4

9.1

 

17. Reconciliation of net cash from operating activities

 

2019
£m

2018
£m

Profit before tax

624.6

649.9

 

 

 

Adjustments for income statement non-cash movements:

 

 

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment and amortisation of intangible assets

138.7

80.8

Net gain on financial instruments

(28.3)

52.3

Share-based payments

61.6

63.9

Net release for provisions

(9.0)

(0.6)

Other non-cash movements

(20.9)

(20.3)

 

142.1

176.1

Adjustments for which the cash effects are investing activities:

 

 

Net finance income

(8.3)

(8.4)

Interest expense on lease liabilities

12.4

-

Share of profit of associates and joint ventures

(27.2)

(19.1)

 

(23.1)

(27.5)

Adjustments for statement of financial position movements:

 

 

Decrease in loans and advances within Wealth Management

198.8

406.2

Increase in trade and other receivables

(101.0)

(36.2)

Decrease in deposits and client accounts within Wealth Management

(101.5)

(545.2)

Decrease/(increase) in trade and other payables, other financial liabilities and provisions

(57.5)

12.0

 

(61.2)

(163.2)

Adjustments for Life Company and consolidated pooled investment vehicles movements:

 

 

Net (increase)/decrease in financial assets backing unit-linked liabilities

(795.6)

2,756.2

Net increase/(decrease) in unit-linked liabilities

1,170.0

(2,730.5)

Net increase/(decrease) in cash within consolidated pooled investment vehicles

48.8

(4.1)

 

423.2

21.6

 

 

 

Tax paid

(103.6)

(143.0)

Net cash from operating activities

1,002.0

513.9

 

 

 

 

18. Business combinations

The Group completed seven business combinations during the period.

The most significant of these transactions completed on 31 October 2019 when the Group acquired 70% of the issued share capital of Blue Orchard Finance AG (BlueOrchard), a leading impact investment manager, specialising in fostering inclusive finance and sustainable growth, for a total consideration of £90.6 million. The acquisition contributed £2.9 billion of Asset Management AUM and strengthens the Group's private asset capabilities.

On 24 May 2019, the Group acquired 100% of the issued share capital of Blue Asset Management GmbH (Blue Asset Management), a real estate asset management business, for a total consideration of £22.8 million. The acquisition contributed £1.0 billion of Asset Management AUM and strengthens the Group's private asset capabilities.

The Group completed five further acquisitions during the year for a combined consideration of £31.9 million. These acquisitions contributed around £2.3 billion of Wealth Management AUM and increase the scale and capability of the Group's Wealth Management business.

The fair value of the net assets acquired in the transactions together with the goodwill and intangible assets arising are as follows:

 

Net assets acquired:

 

BlueOrchard
£m

Blue Asset Management
£m

Other
£m

Total
£m

Cash

 

12.4

0.6

1.0

14.0

Property, plant and equipment

 

-

0.8

-

0.8

Trade and other receivables

 

4.5

1.2

0.2

5.9

Other Assets

 

3.0

-

-

3.0

Trade and other payables

 

(9.6)

(0.9)

(0.2)

(10.7)

Lease liabilities

 

-

(0.8)

-

(0.8)

Other liabilities

 

(1.8)

-

(0.6)

(2.4)

Tangible net assets

 

8.5

0.9

0.4

9.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

66.0

17.7

20.8

104.5

Intangible assets arising on acquisition

 

32.0

5.0

12.9

49.9

Deferred tax arising on acquisition

 

(5.4)

(0.8)

(2.2)

(8.4)

Non-controlling interest

 

(10.5)

-

-

(10.5)

Total

 

90.6

22.8

31.9

145.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Satisfied by:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

90.6

22.8

24.8

138.2

Contingent consideration

 

-

-

3.9

3.9

Deferred consideration

 

-

-

3.2

3.2

Total

 

90.6

22.8

31.9

145.3

 

The goodwill arising on the acquisitions is attributable to the value arising from:

-

Additional investment capabilities;

-

A broader platform for business growth;

-

Talented management and employees; and

-

Opportunities for synergies from combining certain activities.

Goodwill will not be deductible for tax purposes.

In the period between the acquisition dates and 31 December 2019, the seven acquired businesses contributed £18.3 million to the Group's net income. The contribution to profit before tax and exceptional items was £9.0 million and exceptional costs of £4.6 million were incurred in respect of amortisation of the acquired intangible assets and deferred compensation costs. Additionally, acquisition costs of £4.0 million were recorded within 'Operating expenses' and classified as exceptional in the Group's income statement.

If the acquisitions had been completed on 1 January 2019, the Group's pre-exceptional net income for the year would have been £2,175.3 million, and the profit before tax and exceptional items for the year on the same basis would have been £725.2 million.

Estimates and judgements

The fair value of certain items of consideration, assets acquired and liabilities assumed requires some estimation. For intangible assets and contingent consideration payable, this estimation required assumptions regarding the level of future management fees that will be earned over the relevant period.

The net impact of changes to these assumptions would be to change the carrying value of individual assets and liabilities with a corresponding change to goodwill.

 

Key risks and mitigations

 

Our key risks and mitigations can be read by accessing the link below.

Click on or paste the following link into your web browser to view the associated PDF document.

http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/0598F_1-2020-3-4.pdf

Our business model and Brexit

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020 under the terms of the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020, beginning a transition period to 31 December 2020 during which EU law and the rulings of the European Court of Justice will still apply within and to the UK. Negotiations on the future relationship between the UK and the EU will continue but uncertainty remains as to what will be agreed before the end of the year.

Schroders remains well-positioned to manage the challenges that may arise as a result of Brexit, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations. Our diversified business model and significant presence in Continental Europe mean that our ability to service our European clients and continue to grow our business should be unaffected.

We have a long-standing presence in Europe with over 800 employees across 15 offices. We have obtained additional investment management permissions in Luxembourg to ensure that we can continue to offer the full range of investment services to all our EU clients. We have substance and portfolio management oversight experience in the EU to enable Schroders to perform portfolio management and to delegate portfolio management of our Luxembourg fund range and EU client mandates as appropriate to our investment centres across the world.

We have registered our Luxembourg fund ranges under the UK Financial Conduct Authority's temporary permissions regime to allow EU27-based funds to continue to be offered to clients based in the UK if necessary in future. We are closely monitoring developments to support continuity for our clients and our business.

Directors' responsibility statement

To the best of their knowledge and belief, each of the Directors listed below confirms that:

-

The consolidated financial statements of Schroders plc, prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the EU, give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit of Schroders plc and the undertakings included in the consolidation taken as a whole;

-

The announcement includes a fair summary of the development and performance of the business and the position of Schroders plc and the undertakings included in the consolidation taken as a whole and a description of the principal risks and uncertainties that they face;

-

So far as each Director is aware, there is no relevant audit information of which the Company's auditors are unaware; and

-

They have each taken all the steps that ought to have been taken by them as Directors in order to make themselves aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the Company's auditors are aware of that information.

 

Directors:

Michael Dobson

Chairman

Peter Harrison

Group Chief Executive

Richard Keers

Chief Financial Officer

Ian King

Senior Independent Director

Sir Damon Buffini

Independent non-executive Director

Rhian Davies

Independent non-executive Director

Rakhi Goss-Custard

Independent non-executive Director

Deborah Waterhouse

Independent non-executive Director

Philip Mallinckrodt

Non-executive Director

Leonie Schroder

Non-executive Director

 

4 March 2020

 

Five year consolidated financial summary

Before exceptional items

2019
£m

2018
£m

2017
£m

2016
£m

2015
£m

Profit before tax

701.2

761.2

800.3

644.7

609.7

Tax

(140.5)

(163.3)

(171.6)

(132.4)

(126.3)

Profit after tax

560.7

597.9

628.7

512.3

483.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

After exceptional items

2019
£m

2018
£m

2017
£m

2016
£m

2015
£m

Profit before tax

624.6

649.9

760.2

618.1

589.0

Tax

(128.9)

(145.2)

(165.8)

(127.9)

(121.6)

Profit after tax

495.7

504.7

594.4

490.2

467.4

 

Pre-exceptional earnings per share:

2019
Pence

2017
Pence

2016
Pence

2015
Pence

2014
Pence

Basic earnings per share1

201.6

215.8

226.9

186.3

176.9

Diluted earnings per share1

198.0

211.8

222.4

182.4

172.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post-exceptional earnings per share:

2019
Pence

2018
Pence

2017
Pence

2016
Pence

2015
Pence

Basic earnings per share1

178.9

183.1

215.3

178.3

171.1

Diluted earnings per share1

175.8

179.7

211.0

174.5

166.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

Cost (£m)

312.3

311.7

267.6

236.6

226.3

Pence per share2

114.0

114.0

98.0

87.0

83.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity (£m)

3,847.5

3,621.2

3,471.0

3,152.8

2,795.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets per share (pence)3

1,362

1,282

1,229

1,115

990

1 See note 7 for the basis of this calculation.

2 Dividends per share are those amounts approved by the shareholders to be paid within the year on a per share basis to the shareholders on the register at the specified dates.

3 Net assets per share are calculated by using the actual number of shares in issue at the year-end date.

 

Exchange rates - closing

31 December

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

Sterling:

 

 

 

 

 

Euro

1.18

1.11

1.13

1.17

1.36

US dollar

1.32

1.27

1.35

1.24

1.47

Swiss franc

1.28

1.26

1.32

1.26

1.48

Australian dollar

1.88

1.81

1.73

1.71

2.03

Hong Kong dollar

10.32

9.97

10.57

9.58

11.42

Japanese yen

143.97

139.73

152.39

144.12

177.30

Singaporean dollar

1.78

1.74

1.81

1.79

2.09

 

Glossary

Basic or diluted earnings per share before exceptional items

Profit after tax but before exceptional items divided by the relevant weighted average number of shares (see note 7). The presentation of earnings per share before exceptional items provides transparency of recurring revenue and expenditure to aid understanding of the financial performance of the Group.

Net new business

New funds from clients less funds withdrawn by clients. This is also described as net inflows (when positive) or net outflows (when negative). New funds and funds withdrawn are calculated as at 31 December 2019 on the basis of actual funding provided or withdrawn.

Payout ratio

The total dividend per share in respect of the year (see note 8) divided by the pre-exceptional basic earnings per share.

Profit before tax and exceptional items

Profit before tax but excluding exceptional items. This presentation provides transparency of recurring revenue and expenditure to aid understanding of the financial performance of the Group.

Ratio of total costs to net income

Total Group costs before exceptional items divided by net income before exceptional items. A 65% ratio is targeted to ensure costs are aligned with net income, although we recognise that in weaker markets the ratio may be higher than our long-term target.

Total compensation ratio

Pre-exceptional compensation costs (note 5) divided by pre-exceptional net income. By targeting a total compensation ratio of 45% to 49%, depending upon market conditions, we align the interests of shareholders and employees.

 

Business areas

Private Assets & Alternatives

Investment opportunities available in private markets, such as real estate, private equity and infrastructure finance, and alternative investments.

Solutions

Provision of complete solutions and partnerships, including liability offsets and risk mitigation.

Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds are provided through our intermediary network for retail clients and are solely or dual-branded 'Schroders'

Institutional

Provision of index-relative investment components for institutions as a component of their overall investment strategy or as part of a sub-advised mandate.

Wealth Management

A wide range of wealth management services, which focus on preserving or growing our clients' wealth.

 

Appendix 1

Assets under management (AUM)

Year ended 31 December 2019

 

£bn

Institutional

Intermediary

Asset Management

Wealth Management

Total

1 January 2019

242.3

121.2

363.5

43.7

407.2

Gross inflows

66.6

45.7

112.3

20.3

132.6

Gross outflows

(35.5)

(48.1)

(83.6)

(5.6)

(89.2)

Net flows

31.1

(2.4)

28.7

14.7

43.4

Acquisitions

3.9

-

3.9

2.3

6.2

Investment returns

27.2

11.0

38.2

5.2

43.4

Transfers

-

(0.8)

(0.8)

0.8

-

31 December 2019

304.5

129.0

433.5

66.7

500.2

 

 

 

 


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