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RNS
Sabre Insurance Group PLC   -  SBRE   

Final Results

Released 07:00 28-Mar-2019

RNS Number : 2521U
Sabre Insurance Group PLC
28 March 2019
 

 

 

28 March 2019

 

SABRE INSURANCE GROUP PLC

 

CONTINUED SUCCESSFUL EXECUTION OF STRATEGY DELIVERS POSITIVE RESULTS

 

Sabre Insurance Group plc (the "Group", or "Sabre"), one of the UK's leading private motor insurance underwriters, reports its full year results for the year ended 31 December 2018.  

 

Financial Highlights

 

 

2018

2017

Gross written premium

£210.0m

£210.7m

Net earned premium

£188.2m

£186.9m

Net loss ratio

48.5%

46.5%

Expense ratio

22.1%

22.0%

Combined operating ratio

70.6%

68.5%

Adjusted profit before tax

£61.9m

£63.9m

Adjusted profit after tax

£50.1m

£53.3m

Profit before tax

£61.4m

£55.5m

Return on tangible equity

54.4%

81.8%

Financial year total dividend per share

20.0p

N/A

Solvency coverage ratio

213%

160%

Solvency coverage ratio (post dividend)

161%

160%

Return on opening SCR

82.0%

92.1%

 

·      Continued strategy of focusing on underwriting profitability over growth

·      Delivered in line with expectations across all financial and operational measures, following the exceptionally strong 2017

·      Disciplined approach to pricing, with premiums increased to reflect claims inflation, has supported a combined operating ratio ahead of mid 70%'s target whilst delivering flat year on year gross written premiums, in line with guidance

·      Continued strong organic capital generation with a year-end solvency coverage ratio of 213% (pre dividend)

·      The Board has declared a final ordinary dividend of 6.8p and a special dividend of 6.0p 

·      Prudent approach to capital management reflected in post dividend solvency coverage ratio at the upper end of our target range

 

Operational Highlights

·      Continued testing and roll-out of innovative new rating factors and data sources

·      Successful soft launch of new direct van product, Insure2Drive Van, in Q4 2018

·      Completed transition to a new hybrid cloud IT infrastructure

·      Maintained very high levels of staff retention, with 88% of staff survey respondents recommending Sabre as a good place to work

·      Testing innovative machine learning and AI approaches across the business

 

Geoff Carter, Chief Executive Officer of Sabre, said:

"I am pleased to report on our first full year as a listed business. Against the backdrop of what have been competitive underlying market conditions during the year, we have stuck to our core principle of focusing on underwriting profitability over volume growth. This has ensured that we maintained our market-leading underwriting performance, with a combined operating ratio better than our target, and continued to deliver strong organic capital generation. The strong capital generation, driven by our profitability, has allowed us to return a proportion of excess capital generated through a proposed special dividend, whilst maintaining our solvency ratio above our preferred range of 140-160%. From an operational perspective, we have continued to make excellent progress, building on our competitive strengths with the introduction of new rating factors and data sources while exploring new, complementary product lines and maintaining our focus on customer service.

 

Looking ahead, there remains uncertainty around the market dynamics, but we will continue to take a prudent approach to monitoring and responding to potential changes and trends in our industry, taking pricing action only when speculation and opinion becomes fact.

 

We are confident that by maintaining our absolute focus on underwriting discipline - treating volume as an output not target - we will continue to deliver strong profitability and attractive, consistent returns for shareholders and are well positioned to take advantage of growth opportunities at the appropriate time.

 

 

 

 

 

Analyst presentation webcast/conference call facility:

Sabre management will host a presentation for analysts today at the offices of Numis Securities, 10 Paternoster Square, EC4M.  The presentation will start at 9:30am.

 

To register to access the meeting via live webcast please click here:

https://event.on24.com/wcc/r/1954875-1/C2242104AF8058EC6499EF621F626D37 

 

Alternatively, a conference call facility is available:

United Kingdom Toll-Free: 08003589473

United Kingdom Toll: +44 3333000804

PIN: 65356269#

 

A replay will be made available on the Sabre website following the conclusion of the presentation.

 

This announcement contains inside information for the purposes of Article 7 of the Market Abuse Regulation (EU) No 596/2014

 

Forward looking statements

This announcement may include statements that are, or may be deemed to be, "forward-looking statements". These forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms "believes", "estimates", "plans", "projects", "anticipates", "expects", "intends", "may", "will" or "should" or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy, plans, objectives, goals, future events or intentions. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts and involve predictions. Forward-looking statements may and often do differ materially from actual results. Any forward-looking statements reflect Sabre's current view with respect to future events and are subject to risks relating to future events and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to Sabre's business, results of operations, financial position, prospects, growth or strategies and the industry in which it operates.

 

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and cannot be relied upon as a guide to future performance. Save as required by law or regulation, Sabre disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements in this announcement that may occur due to any change in its expectations or to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this announcement.

 

The annual report will shortly be available for inspection via the National Storage Mechanism at www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/NSM and also on Sabre's website https://www.sabreplc.co.uk/investors/results-centre/.

 

 

Media enquiries:

 

 

 

Tulchan Communications

020 7353 4200

James Macey-White

Sabre@tulchangroup.com

David Ison

Amber Ahluwalia

 

 

 

Investor enquiries:

0330 024 4696

Geoff Carter

Adam Westwood

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S REVIEW

2018 was a positive year for Sabre, with these strong results all the more pleasing given the underlying challenging market conditions.  This performance reflects the robustness of the Sabre business model and a successful focus on the long-term corporate strategy.

 

I am pleased to present the first full year Chief Executive's review following our successful listing on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange in December 2017. 

 

At the IPO, we outlined the key long-term objectives of Sabre, which drive the strategy of the business.  We reiterated those objectives again at our interim results.  They are:

 

·      Deliver market-leading underwriting performance

·      Continue to generate strong levels of capital through our profitable underwriting

·      Deliver attractive returns to shareholders

·      Controlled growth across the cycle

 

Throughout the year, despite the challenging market backdrop, the management team has successfully delivered across these objectives. 

 

Our key priority throughout the year has been to successfully counteract the claims inflation seen through 2018, ensuring that we continue to price new business at our mid-70%s combined operating ratio target.  This has resulted in a pleasing combined operating ratio of 70.6% with a largely flat premium position, in line with previous guidance provided to the market.   This compares well to the position we believe is being seen across the market, where premium increases are lagging claims inflation. We are also pleased to report profits for the year in line with our expectations, delivered though our strong and disciplined underwriting performance.

 

As previously stated, our preferred solvency capital range is 140% - 160%, meaning that our year end capital position (213%) is significantly ahead of our preferred range. This has allowed us to propose a special dividend of 6.0p resulting in an attractive full year dividend of 20.0p, equal to approximately 100% of post-tax earnings.

 

Our strategy

We focus on underwriting private motor insurance in the UK.  We have established a strong market position, biased toward the specialist, higher premium segments, with our success underpinned by several core trading principles:

·      Maintaining market-leading underwriting performance through a disciplined and actuarially driven pricing strategy

·      Expanding our extensive and proprietary dataset combined with investment in data enrichment

·      While maintaining a bias toward the specialist, higher premium segments, retain a broad underwriting footprint

·      Utilising our robust and effective claims management function to ensure a firm but fair approach to claims

·      Effectively leveraging our diversified, multi-channel distribution network

·      Using our streamlined operating model to efficiently control expenses

·      Ensuring a prudent case and a consistent claims portfolio reserving approach

·      Maintaining a conservative approach to risk management through the use of reinsurance, a simple and low risk investment strategy and prudent solvency coverage ratio.

 

These are long term trading principles which have contributed to the success of Sabre to date.  Looking forward, while there are a number of forthcoming changes and trends in our industry which we continue to monitor closely, we are confident that consistently focusing on these principles will deliver sustainable profitability and dividends in all market conditions. We are also confident that they will support controlled growth across the cycle, albeit not necessarily in every individual year. We are happy to maintain our size or to contract in unattractive market conditions.

 

Maintaining an optimal combined operating ratio is the primary focus for our business.  We currently target a mid-70%s combined operating ratio across our book.  While we remain agnostic about the mix of business we underwrite and the proportion from each distribution channel, we continue to benefit from attracting a higher percentage of the specialist, higher premium section of the market compared to mainstream motor insurers.  

 

Strategic developments

Sabre corporate strategy is based on its long-standing trading principles.  However, management do, selectively, consider opportunities to diversify Sabre further, within the parameters of those principles.  Sabre's well-established claims database and strong underwriting skills provide opportunities to expand into adjacent vehicle sectors and niches. 

 

We will maintain a prudent approach to this, ensuring expansion into new lines does not undermine profitability. In 2018 we expanded our footprint in the van market.  This was achieved through the soft launch of a direct to customer van product under our Insure 2 Drive brand and enhancements to our broker product that will continue into 2019. 

 

Both of these initiatives offer a low risk way to broaden our offer and increase our market reach. In addition, we have continued to test and roll out innovative new rating factors, as well as assessing potential future product developments.

 

 

The market

The UK private motor insurance market is experiencing a period of significant change, potentially of a scale that hasn't been seen for many years.  There is a convergence of a number of external events that will have a significant impact - sometimes contradictory - on claims expenditure and premiums.  We continue to monitor these developments closely and have prepared extensively for them.  Sabre's very experienced management team and staff ensures it has the necessary knowledge to navigate through these industry changes successfully.   

 

To very briefly outline the most significant of these market changes:

 

Claims Inflation

The increase in technology in vehicles is having a marked increase in "bent metal" claims costs.  This is a change from the recent past where personal injury claims have been the key driver of claims inflation. We believe overall claims inflation is running at in excess of 6%, somewhat higher than recent years. We responded to this through increasing prices throughout 2018 and into 2019, and so do not anticipate any meaningful impact on our margins.

 

Ogden Discount rate

We have continued to price and reserve at the (-0.75%) discount rate, arguably a relatively conservative position. It is increasingly probable that the discount rate (used in the valuation of larger personal injury claims awards) will revert sometime in 2019 towards a positive discount rate. There will be limited impact on Sabre from this change, although it will be a factor on reinsurance costs. We will reflect this change when the quantum is more certain.

 

Whiplash and associated reforms 

The Bill to support these changes has passed Royal Assent and is now the Civil Liability Act.

The key details of this Bill relating to Part 1 "Whiplash" sets out that regulations are to be made in a number of areas including:

·      Introducing a tariff for damages for claims up to 24 months pain and suffering

·      Banning settling claims without medical evidence

·      In concert, the small claims track for PI claims will be increased from £1k to £5k

 

All of these will be subject to an affirmative resolution procedure, which means that the draft statutory instruments will be debated in both Houses of Parliament before they can come into effect. Alongside the statutory instruments, there will be a significant IT build, managed by the Motor Insurance Bureau, to support the presentation of claims by unrepresented claimants.

 

This suite of reforms is slated to go live in April 2020, although some commentators feel this is an ambitious timescale given the new technology required to support the changes. Taken at face-value, these reforms would decrease claims spend - industry predictions centre on a £30 per policy saving. This, for the majority of underwriters, would result in a near 10% reduction in premium.   For Sabre it would be about half this amount given our higher average premium.

 

We believe there are several reasons to be cautious about these potential savings. These include possible lawyer response, potential new claims types and the possibility of new types of claims management company involvement. Our approach will be to reflect benefits in pricing if and when we are sure they truly exist.

 

Competitor pricing activity

Given the number of legal and regulatory changes underway, which may impact market premium rates, there will be differing views amongst competitors on likely outturns. There is a risk that some competitors overestimate the benefits before correcting pricing levels at a later stage.

 

FCA pricing review

Potentially the most significant development for the motor insurance market as a whole is the FCA review of pricing techniques in the market. This focuses on two areas - differences between new business and renewal prices, and the use of behavioural (non-risk) factors in determining pricing, both of which appear to be common market practice.

 

Sabre does not utilise either of these approaches. All of our premiums are based on risk factors, and we seek to maintain new business and renewal prices at the same level.

 

It is too early to speculate on the FCA response, but given our current stance we would anticipate ending up in a neutral or slightly positive position relative to the market.

 

Summary

Our approach to these developments will be:    

·      Continue to monitor these ongoing market developments closely

·      Continue to understand these trends and plan for possible outcomes

·      Maintain our very clear and consistent strategy focused on underwriting discipline

·      Amend our pricing as appropriate once we are confident in the financial implications, and not to speculate on future benefits

 

The timing and result of these various factors is uncertain.  However, we are confident that successfully executing our corporate strategy will continue to deliver attractive returns in the short term, and positions us well to take advantage of growth opportunities at the right time from the strong foundation afforded from having covered anticipated claims inflation in our current prices.

 

Outlook

The underlying challenging dynamics and changes in the UK private car insurance market have been well publicised. Whilst it appears that these dynamics have continued into early 2019, the Board remains very confident in the outlook for Sabre.

 

We will continue to remain focused on our long term and well established strategy to focus on prioritizing underwriting profitability over premium growth.  This profit focused business model, aided by a bias toward to the higher premium market segments, will allow Sabre to maintain its underwriting margins and continue to deliver strong capital generation, supporting attractive and sustainable returns to shareholders, through the cycle.

 

Further, our proven ability to move into adjacent product areas and take advantage of market opportunities from a solid foundation at the appropriate time leaves us well positioned for growth into the medium and longer term. I look forward to updating shareholders on our ongoing progress through the year.  

 

 

 

 

Geoff Carter Chief Executive Officer

 

 

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER'S REVIEW

Highlights

 

2018

2017

Gross written premium

£210.0m

£210.7m

Net loss ratio      

48.5%

46.5%

Combined operating ratio

70.6%

68.5%

Adjusted profit after tax

£50.1m

£53.3m

Profit after tax

£49.7m

£45.3m

Solvency coverage ratio

213%

160%

Post-dividend solvency coverage

161%

160%

Return on opening SCR

82.2%

 92.1%

Return on tangible equity

54.4%

81.8%

 

In challenging market conditions, the Group has succeeded in maintaining a flat premium of £210.0m against the prior year (£210.7m) while writing business to its target mid-70%s combined operating ratio. The financial year, at 70.6% (2017:68.5%) combined operating ratio was significantly better than target, benefiting from disciplined current-year underwriting and positive prior-year reserve movements. Including an investment return of £0.8m, this resulted in an adjusted profit after tax of £50.1m (2017: £53.3m). The decrease in profit against the prior-year is a consequence of an exceptional loss ratio in 2017 and an environment in 2018 not conducive to growth. In-line with the Group's strategy, Sabre has elected not to chase volume at the expense of its combined operating ratio. Adjusted profit after tax excludes amortisation and exceptional items.

 

The Directors have proposed an ordinary final dividend of 6.8 pence per share (2017: 0p), representing 70% of the Group's profit after tax (after the payment of the interim dividend), in line with the Group's strategy set out in its IPO prospectus. The Directors also propose to pay a special dividend of 6.0 pence per share in order to distribute excess capital above that which they consider is required to be retained within the business. Along with the interim dividend of 7.2 pence per share, the total dividend proposed in respect of 2018 is 20.0 pence per share, equal to approximately £50.0m.

 

The Group's return on tangible equity was 54.4% for 2018, a reduction from 81.8% in 2017. While the decrease is somewhat impacted by the slight reduction in adjusted profit after tax, the primary reason for the reduction is the increase in average tangible equity held by the Group.  At the start of 2017, the Group held significantly less excess capital with a regulatory capital excess of 128%. The regulatory capital excess as at 31 December 2018 was 213%, a result of the increase in preferred capital operating range at IPO and change in the timing of dividends paid.

 

 

 

Revenue

 

2018

2017

Gross written premium

£210.0m

£210.7m

Gross earned premium

£208.6m

£203.1m

Net earned premium

£188.2m

£186.9m

Other technical income

£1.8m

£1.9m

Customer instalment income

£4.1m

£3.8m

Investment return

£0.8m

(£0.7m)

 

The Group has maintained pricing discipline throughout 2018 against a backdrop of significantly greater competitive pressure than in 2017. Despite this, Sabre has achieved flat year-on-year gross written premium of £210.0m against £210.7m in 2017. Gross earned premium has increased year-on-year to £208.6m (2017: £203.1m) due to growth in 2017 earning through. Net earned premium was also up to £188.2m from £186.9m in 2017, the smaller increase being the result of a mild increase in reinsurance rate at the July 2018 renewal.

 

Other technical income continues to fall broadly in line with premium, with no significant change to the offering provided on Sabre's direct business. Customer instalment income continues to represent a relatively stable proportion of the Group's direct customers. The Group continues to be exposed to market value movements across its investment portfolio, which is primarily invested in UK Government bonds. A net investment return of £0.8m was recorded in 2018 against a loss of £0.7m in 2017.  Sabre generally holds these investments to maturity, therefore any market value movements, which can generate in-year gains and losses, are unwound as the bonds regress towards par value.

 

Operating Expenditure

 

2018

2017

Net claims incurred

£91.3m

£86.9m

Current-year loss ratio

59.2%

57.0%

Financial year loss ratio

48.5%

46.5%

Net operating expenses

£41.6m

£41.0m

Expense ratio

22.1%

22.0%

Combined operating ratio

70.6%

68.5%

 

Net claims incurred and net operating expenses are presented after reclassifying £6.5m (2016: £6.0m) of claims expenses from net claims incurred into operating expenses.

 

Net claims incurred can be considered as the current-year loss ratio of 59.2% (2017: 57.0%) less prior-year reserve movement of 10.7% (2017: 10.5%). The current-year loss ratio is reflective of the Group's continued focus on underwriting profitability. In line with prior years and the Group's expectation, the current accident-year loss ratio continues to exceed the Group's expected ultimate loss ratio and the actual financial-year loss ratio, reflective of the reserve held against relatively uncertain current-year claims.

 

Net operating expenses at £41.6m (2017: £41.0m) represent a consistent and stable expense base, having absorbed some additional operating expenditure as a result of the Group's IPO in December 2017. The Group continues to maintain tight control of costs, which remain heavily volume dependent due to the broker model and outsourced administration of the Group's direct business.

 

Taxation

In 2018 the Group incurred a tax charge of £11.8m (2017: £10.2m), an effective tax rate of 19.22%, as compared to an effective tax rate of 18.3% in 2017. The effective tax rate is equal to the prevailing UK corporation tax rate. The Group has not entered into any complex or unusual tax arrangements during the year.

 

Earnings per Share

 

2018

2017

Basic earnings per share

19.9p

14.5p

Diluted earnings per share

19.8p

14.5p

 

Earnings per share for the current and comparative period are calculated on the basis of the current capital structure, which is described further in Note 30 to the Financial Statements. Basic earnings per share for 2018 is 19.9 pence compared to 14.5 pence for 2017. The number of shares has not changed materially during the year, which means that earnings per share is proportionate to profit after tax.

 

Cash and Investments

 

 

2018

2017

UK Government bonds

£286.6m

£243.5m

Corporate bonds

£0.5m

£0.5m

Cash and cash equivalents

£22.8m

£34.4m

 

The Group continues to hold a low-risk investment portfolio and cash reserves sufficient to meet its future claims liabilities. The increase in cash and financial investments against the previous year is a result of the build-up of excess capital during the year, much of which is intended to be distributed to shareholders via an ordinary and special dividend.

 

Insurance liabilities

 

2018

2017

Gross insurance liabilities

£215.8m

£242.4m

Reinsurers' share of insurance liabilities

£74.2m

£103.0m

Net insurance liabilities

£141.6m

£139.4m

 

The Group's net insurance liabilities continue to reflect the underlying profitability and volume of business written. There was a decrease in gross claims outstanding during the year due to the settlement, and in some cases reduction of the reserve held against, several large claims in excess of the reinsurance retention level. As a result, the reinsurers' share of insurance liabilities has also decreased. The level of net insurance liabilities held remains proportionate to the volume of business written.

 

Leverage

The Group continues to hold no external debt. All of the Group's capital is considered "Tier 1' under Solvency II. The Directors continue to hold the view that this currently allows the greatest operational flexibility for the Group.

 

Dividends

The Directors have proposed a total dividend of 20.0 pence per share in respect of 2018, consisting of the interim dividend of 7.2 pence per share, an ordinary dividend of 6.8 pence per share and a special dividend of 6.0 pence per share. The total amount proposed to be distributed to shareholders by way of dividends for 2018 is therefore £50.0m, equal to 100% of the Group's adjusted profit after tax. Excluding the capital required to service this dividend, the Group's SCR coverage  ratio at 31 December 2018 would be 161%. This is consistent with the Group's policy to pay an ordinary dividend of 70% of profit after tax, and to consider passing excess capital to shareholders by way of a special dividend.

 

Calculation of Key Performance Indicators

 

Gross Written Premium

The Group's GWP comprises all premiums in respect of policies underwritten in a particular financial period regardless of whether such policies relate in whole or in part to a future financial period. The ability to underwrite policies and generate premium is a key measure of the Group's implementation of its strategy, and the Directors believe this measure is an appropriate quantification of how successful the Group is at achieving its strategy.

 

Loss Ratio

Loss ratio measures net insurance claims less claims handling expenses, relative to net earned premium expressed as a percentage.

 

Expense Ratio

The Group's expense ratio is a measure of total expenses (which comprises commission expenses and operating expenses), plus claims handling expenses, relative to NEP, expressed as a percentage.

 

Combined Operating Ratio

The Group's combined ratio is the ratio of total expenses (which comprises commission expenses and operating expenses)plus net insurance claims relative to NEP, expressed as a percentage.

 

Adjusted Profit After Tax

The Group's adjusted profit after tax measures profit from operations, net of tax, adjusted to offset the effect of amortisation of intangible assets and exceptional expenses excluding tax which do not relate to the Group's underlying performance (such as fees incurred in connection with acquisitions or capital markets transactions).

 

Solvency Coverage Ratio

The Group is required to maintain regulatory capital at least equal to its SCR. The SCR is calculated based upon the risks presented by the Group's operations and the various elements of its balance sheet. The Group's solvency coverage ratio is the ratio of the Group's regulatory capital in a particular period to its SCR for the same period, expressed as a percentage.

 

Return on Tangible Equity

The ability to generate profits while maintaining capital at an appropriate level is an important part of the Group's strategy, and the Directors believe that Return on Tangible Equity is an appropriate quantification of how successful the Group is in achieving this strategy. Return on Tangible Equity is measured as the ratio of the Group's adjusted profit after tax to its average tangible equity over the financial year, expressed as a percentage.

 

Adjusted Profit Before Tax

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Profit before tax

61,363

55,512

63,432

Add:

 

 

 

Amortisation of intangible assets

501

887

1,619

-

7,542

-

61,864

63,941

65,051

 

 

 

 

Adjusted Profit After Tax

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Profit after tax

49,568

45,343

52,293

Add:

 

 

 

Amortisation of intangible assets

501

887

1,619

Exceptional items

-

7,542

-

-

(482)

-

50,069

53,290

53,912

 

 

 

 

Loss Ratio

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Net insurance claims

97,861

92,912

92,721

(6,536)

(6,044)

(5,878)

 

91,325

86,868

86,843

188,235

186,866

182,107

48.5%

46.5%

47.7%

 

 

 

 

Expense Ratio

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Total expenses

35,191

34,994

33,488

6,536

6,044

5,878

 

41,727

41,038

39,366

188,235

186,866

182,107

22.1%

22.0%

21.6%

 

 

 

 

Combined Operating Ratio

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Total expenses

35,191

34,994

33,488

97,861

92,912

92,721

 

133,052

127,906

126,209

188,235

186,866

182,107

70.6%

68.5%

69.3%

 

 

 

 

Solvency Coverage Ratio

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Solvency II net assets

130,019

97,873

74,283

60,995

61,087

57,852

213.3%

160.2%

128.4%

 

 

 

 

Solvency Coverage Ratio - Post-Dividend

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

Solvency II net assets

130,019

97,873

74,283

(32,000)

-

-

Solvency II net assets exc. dividend

98,019

97,873

74,283

60,995

61,087

57,852

160.8%

160.2%

128.4%

 

 

 

 

Return on Tangible Equity

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

2016

 

£'k

£'k

£'k

IFRS net assets at year-end

265,194

231,993

212,816

Less:

 

 

 

Intangible assets at year-end

(156,279)

(156,279)

(156,279)

-

(501)

(1,388)

Closing tangible equity

108,915

75,213

55,149

75,213

55,149

56,813

Average tangible equity

92,064

65,181

55,981

50,069

53,290

53,912

54.4%

81.8%

96.3%

Return on Opening SCR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

 

 

£'k

£'k

 

Opening SCR

61,087

57,852

 

Adjusted profit after tax

50,069

53,290

 

Return on SCR

82.0%

92.1%

 

 

Dividend Calendar

Financial dividend - 2018

Ex-dividend date

25 April 2019

Record date

26 April 2019

Payment date

30 May 2019

 

Interim dividend - 2019

Ex-dividend date

22 August 2019

Record date

23 August 2019

Payment date

19 September 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the year ended 31 December 2018

 

Notes

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Gross earned premium

4

208,622

203,139

Reinsurance premium ceded

4

(20,387)

(16,273)

Net earned premium

 

188,235

186,866

Investment return

5

              777

(749)

Instalment income

 

4,143

3,837

Other operating income

6

1,761

1,893

Total income

 

194,916

191,847

Insurance claims

7

       (72,245)

(151,456)

Insurance claims recoverable from reinsurers

7

     (25,616)

58,544

Net insurance claims

 

         (97,861)

(92,912)

Commission expenses

 

        (16,429)

(16,884)

Operating expenses

8

        (18,762)

(18,110)

Total expenses

 

        (35,191)

(34,994)

Operating profit before exceptional items and amortisation of intangible assets

 

          61,864

63,941

Exceptional items

9

-

(7,542)

Amortisation of intangible assets

 

         (501)

(887)

Profit before tax

 

61,363

55,512

Tax charge

10

(11,795)

(10,169)

Profit for the year attributable to the owners of the Company

 

49,568

45,343

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive Income

 

 

 

Items which will not be reclassified to profit and loss:

 

 

 

Revaluation gain on owner-occupied property

5

620

-

Tax charge on other comprehensive income

10

(118)

-

Total other comprehensive income for the year

 

502

-

Total comprehensive income for the year attributable to the owners of the Company

 

50,070

45,343

Basic earnings per share (pence per share)

30

19.90

14.50

Diluted earnings per share (pence per share)

30

19.77

14.50

 

The attached notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

As at 31 December 2018

 

Notes

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Assets

 

 

 

Goodwill

22

       156,279

156,279

Intangible assets

23

-

501

Property, plant and equipment

14

4,370

3,874

Reinsurance assets

15

82,435

110,488

Deferred tax assets

12

217

20

Deferred acquisition costs

16

15,761

14,673

Insurance and other receivables

17

37,788

38,808

Prepayments, accrued income and other assets

18

4,538

2,854

Financial investments

19

287,142

244,031

Cash and cash equivalents

20

22,823

34,425

Total assets

 

611,353

605,953

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Issued ordinary share capital

21

249

249

Share premium account

 

-

205,241

Own shares

 

1

1

Merger reserve

 

48,524

48,404

Share based payments reserve

31

1,036

-

Retained earnings

 

215,338

(21,902)

Total equity

 

265,148

231,993

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Insurance liabilities

24

215,757

242,388

Unearned premium reserve

24

106,517

105,122

Trade and other payables including insurance payables

25

13,623

15,876

Deferred tax liabilities

12

-

-

Current tax liabilities

11

5,798

907

Accruals

26

4,510

9,667

Total liabilities

 

346,205

373,960

Total equity and liabilities

 

611,353

605,953

 

The attached notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

The financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors and authorised for issue on 27 March 2019.

Signed on behalf of the Board of Directors by:              Adam Westwood
Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

for the year ended December 2018

 

Notes

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Net cash generated from operating activities before investment of insurance assets

 

48,744

60,666

Cash used by investment of insurance assets

 

(42,334)

(10,490)

Net cash generated from operating activities

29

6,410

50,176

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(61)

(77)

Net cash used by investing activities

 

(61)

(77)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Issue of ordinary share capital

 

-

205,333

Redemption of preference shares

 

-

(202,719)

Corporate reorganisation

 

-

2,916

Dividends paid

 

(17,951)

(31,696)

Net cash used by financing activities

 

(17,951)

(26,166)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year

 

34,425

10,492

Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

  (11,602)

23,933

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year

 

22,823

34,425

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

for the year ended December 2018

 

Notes

Ordinary shareholders'

equity

£'k

Preference

share capital

£'k

Share premium account

£'k

Own
shares

£'k

Merger reserve

£'k

Share based payments reserve

£'k

Retained earnings

£'k

Total
equity
£'k

Balance at 1 January 2017

 

45,396

202,719

-

-

-

-

(35,299)

212,816

Profit for the year

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

45,343

45,343

Other comprehensive income

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total comprehensive income

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

45,343

45,343

Establishment of Sabre Insurance Group plc

 

250

-

-

-

-

-

(250)

-

Dividends

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

(31,696)

(31,696)

Corporate reorganisation

 

(45,397)

(202,719)

205,241

1

48,404

-

-

5,530

Balance at 31 December 2017

 

249

-

205,241

1

48,404

-

(21,902)

231,993

Profit for the year

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

49,568

49,568

Other comprehensive income

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

502

502

Total comprehensive income

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

50,070

50,070

Charge in respect of
share-based payments

31

-

-

-

-

-

1,036

-

1,036

Capital reduction

21

-

-

(205,241)

-

120

-

205,121

-

Dividends

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

(17,951)

(17,951)

Balance at 31 December 2018

 

249

-

-

1

48,524

1,036

215,338

265,148

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

As at 31 December 2018

Corporate information

Sabre Insurance Group plc is a company incorporated in England and Wales. The address of the registered office is Sabre House, 150 South Street, Dorking, Surrey, RH4 2YY, England. The nature of the Group's operations is the writing of general insurance for motor vehicles. The Company's principal activity is that of a holding company.

1.      Accounting policies

1.1     Corporate reorganisation

Sabre Insurance Group plc was incorporated as a limited company on 21 September 2017. On 11 December 2017, Sabre Insurance Group plc acquired the entire share capital of the former ultimate holding company of the Group, Barbados TopCo Limited. Sabre Insurance Group plc was introduced as a new parent to the Sabre Insurance Group by the principal investors who were the same before and after the reorganisation.

Sabre Insurance Group plc's ordinary shares were admitted to trading on the London Stock Exchange on 11 December 2017. On the basis that
the transaction was effected by creating a new parent that is itself not a business, the transaction is considered to be outside the scope of IFRS 3 Business Combinations. It has therefore been accounted for using the pooling of interest method as a continuation of the existing Group.  The result is that the Consolidated Financial Statements of Sabre Insurance Group plc are the same as those previously presented by Barbados TopCo Limited, except for the share capital being that of Sabre Insurance Group plc.

1.2     Basis of preparation

These financial statements present the Sabre Insurance Group plc group financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2018, comprising the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, consolidated statement of financial position, consolidated statement of changes in equity, consolidated statement of cash flows and related notes, as well as the comparatives.

The financial statements of the Group have been prepared in accordance and fully comply with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and adopted by the EU.

The financial statements have been prepared on an historical cost basis, except for investment properties and those financial assets that have been measured at fair value.

The financial statements values are presented in Pounds Sterling (£) rounded to the nearest thousand (£'k), unless otherwise indicated.

The Group presents its statement of financial position in order of liquidity. An analysis regarding recovery or settlement within 12 months after the reporting date (current) and more than 12 months after the reporting date (non-current) is presented in the respective notes.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the statement of financial position only when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or to realise the assets and settled the liability simultaneously.

As permitted by IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts, the Group continues to apply the existing accounting policies that were applied prior to the adoption of IFRS, with certain modifications allowed by the standard effective subsequent to adoption for its insurance contracts. The Group has applied IFRS 15: Revenue from contracts with customers when preparing the financial statements. The new standard has no material impact on the financial statements.

1.3     Summary of significant accounting policies

(a)     Premiums

Insurance and reinsurance written premiums comprise all amounts during the financial year in respect of contracts entered into regardless of the fact that such amounts may relate in whole or in part to a later financial year. All premiums are shown gross of commission payable to intermediaries (where applicable) and are exclusive of taxes, duties and levies thereon. Insurance and reinsurance premiums are adjusted by an unearned premium provision which represents the proportion of premiums that relate to periods of cover after the balance sheet date as described in (b) below.  

(b)     Insurance liabilities

Claims incurred include all losses occurring through the year, whether reported or not, related handling costs and any adjustments to claims outstanding from previous years. Significant delays are experienced in the notification and settlement of certain claims, particularly in respect of liability claims, the ultimate cost of which cannot be known with certainty at the balance sheet date. Reinsurance recoveries (or amounts due from reinsurers) are accounted for in the same period as the related claim.

(i)          
Unearned premiums are those proportions of the premiums written in a year that relate to the periods of risk subsequent to the balance sheet date. They are computed principally on a daily pro-rata basis.

(ii)        
The provision for claims outstanding includes individual case estimates, an incurred but not reported ("IBNR") provision and a provision for related claims handling costs. When claims are initially reported, case estimates are set at fixed levels based on previous average claims settlements. As soon as sufficient information becomes available, the case estimate is amended by a claim handler within the Claims Department to reflect the expected ultimate settlement cost of the claim, including external claims handling costs. The case estimate will
be amended throughout the life of a claim as further information emerges. Case estimates generally do not allow for possible reductions
in our liability due to contributory negligence, favourable court judgments or settlements until these are known to a high probability.

The IBNR provision includes the estimated cost of claims incurred, but not reported, at the balance sheet date ("pure IBNR") and any difference between the case estimates and the estimated ultimate cost of reported claims ("IBNER"). The IBNR is set after considering the results of various statistical methods based on, inter alia, historical claims development trends, average claims costs and expected inflation rates. The provision for claims handling costs is estimated based on the number of outstanding claims at the balance sheet date and the estimated average internal cost of settling claims.

The provision for claims outstanding is based on information available at the balance sheet date. Significant delays are experienced in the notification and settlement of certain claims and accordingly the ultimate cost of such claims cannot be known with certainty at the balance sheet date. Subsequent information and events may result in the ultimate liability being less than, or greater than, the amount provided. Any differences between provisions and subsequent settlements are dealt with in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income. Claims provisions are not discounted, with the exception of PPOs (periodic payment orders), which are discussed more fully in Note 2.1.

(iii)       
Provision is made for unexpired risks when, after taking account of an element of attributable investment income, it is anticipated that the unearned premiums will be insufficient to cover future claims and expenses on existing contracts. The expected claims are calculated having regard to events which have occurred prior to the balance sheet date. Unexpired risk surpluses and deficits are offset when business classes are managed together and a provision is made if an aggregate deficit arises.

(c)      Deferred acquisition costs

Deferred acquisition costs represent a proportion of commission and other acquisition costs that relate to policies that are in force at the year end. Deferred acquisition costs are amortised over the period in which the related premiums are earned. Such costs are identified as being directly attributable to the acquisition of business, or are indirectly attributed to acquisition activity through an allocation exercise.

(d)     Investment income, realised and unrealised investment gains and losses

Investment income consists of interest receivable for the year. Income is credited to the consolidated statement of comprehensive income at the amounts receivable, with no associated tax credit for income from the United Kingdom. Interest receivable is accounted for on an accruals basis.

Net realised gains / (losses) on investments are calculated as the difference between net sales proceeds and the cost of acquisition.

Unrealised gains / (losses) on investments represent the difference between the carrying value at the year end and the carrying value at the previous year end or purchase value during the year. Net movements in the year are taken to the profit and loss account and disclosed as unrealised gains / (losses) on investments.

(e)     Investment expense and charges

Investment expenses and charges consist of the expenses relating to the management of the investment portfolio.

(f)      Taxation

The taxation charge in the income statement is based on the taxable profits for the year. It is Company policy to relieve profits where possible by the surrender of losses from Group companies with payment for value.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of all temporary differences that have originated but not reversed at the balance sheet date where transactions or events have occurred at that date that will result in an obligation to pay more, or a right to pay less or to receive more, tax, with the following exception.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that the Directors consider that it is more likely than not that there will be suitable taxable profits from which the future reversal of the underlying timing differences can be deducted.

Deferred tax is measured on an undiscounted basis at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the periods in which timing differences reverse, based on tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

(g)     Valuation of investments

Listed securities and equities at market bid price at the date of the statement of financial position less accrued interest where applicable.

Financial investments are classified according to their nature and use. All financial investments held by the Company are classified as being held at fair value through the statement of comprehensive income. While it is the Company's intention to hold the bonds within its portfolio to maturity, the Company recognises that certain assets may be sold in the normal course of business in order to enhance short-term liquidity. The Company invests only in financial assets which are quoted on liquid markets, therefore all investments are classified as 'Level 1' under the IFRS hierarchy.

(h)     Tangible assets

Expenditure on computer equipment and fixtures and fittings is capitalised and depreciated over five years, the estimated useful economic lives of the assets on a straight line basis. Depreciation is charged to the consolidated statement of comprehensive income and is included in administrative expenses. Owner-occupied property is held at fair value, with subsequent revaluation gains taken through other comprehensive income. A fair value assessment of the owner-occupied property is undertaken at each reporting date with any material changes in fair value recognised. Owner-occupied property is also revalued by an external qualified surveyor, at least every three years.

(i)      Goodwill

Goodwill only arises upon a business combination and is initially measured as the residual cost of the business combination after recognising the acquiree's identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities. After initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is, from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the Group's cash generating units that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination, irrespective of whether other assets or liabilities of the acquiree are assigned to those units.

 (j)     Intangible assets

Acquired businesses are reviewed to identify assets that meet the definition of an intangible asset in accordance with IAS 38 'Intangible Assets'. The cost of intangible assets acquired in a business combination is their fair value at the date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses. The useful economic lives of intangibles assets are assessed to be either finite or indefinite.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortised over the useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at least at each financial year end. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset are accounted for by changing the amortisation period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. The amortisation expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income in the expense category consistent with the function of the intangible asset.

Intangible assets relating to customer relationships are amortised over a five-year period.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are tested for impairment annually either individually or at the cash generating unit level. Such intangibles are not amortised. The useful life of an intangible asset with an indefinite life is reviewed annually to determine whether indefinite life assessment continues to be supportable. If not, the change in the useful life assessment from indefinite to finite is made on a prospective basis. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income when the asset is derecognised.

(k)     Pensions

For staff who were employees on 8 February 2002, the Company operates a non-contributory defined contribution Company personal pension scheme. The contribution by the Company depends on the age of the employee.

For employees joining since 8 February 2002, the Company operates a matched contribution Company personal pension scheme where the Company contributes an amount matching the contribution made by the staff member.

Contributions to defined contribution schemes are recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income in the period in which they become payable.

(l)      Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand and demand deposits with banks together with short-term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and subject to insignificant risk of change in value.

(m)    Insurance and other receivables

Insurance and other receivables are recognised when due and measured on initial recognition at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Subsequent to initial recognition, insurance receivables are measured at amortised cost, using the effective interest rate method. The carrying value of insurance receivables is reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable, with the impairment loss recorded in the statement of comprehensive income.

(n)     Trade and other payables, including insurance payables

Trade and other payables consist primarily of reinsurance balances and indirect taxes due. Reinsurance payables represent premiums payable to reinsurers in respect of contracts which have been entered into at the date of the financial position.

(o)     Instalment income

Instalment income comprises the interest income earned on policyholder receivables, where outstanding premiums are settled by a series of instalment payments. Interest is earned over the term of the policy using the effective interest method.

(p)     Other operating income

Other operating income consists of marketing fees, commissions resulting from the sale of ancillary products connected to the Group's direct business, and other non-insurance income such as administrative fees charged on direct business. Such income is recognised once the related service has been performed. Typically, this will be at the point of sale of the product.

(q)     Basis of consolidation

The Group controls an entity when it is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are entities over which the Group has control. Subsidiary companies are consolidated using the acquisition method. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date of acquisition, being the date on which the Group obtained control, and continue to be consolidated until the date when such control ceases. In preparing these consolidated financial statements, any intra-group balances, unrealised gains and losses or income and expenses arising from intra-group trading are eliminated. Where accounting policies used in individual financial statements of a subsidiary company differ from Group policies, adjustments are made to bring these policies in line with Group policies.

(r)      Sharebased payments

The fair value of equity instruments granted under share-based payment plans are recognised as an expense and spread over the vesting period of the instrument. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the awards made at the grant date, excluding the impact of any non-market vesting conditions. At the date of each statement of financial position, the Group revises its estimate of the number of equity instruments that are expected to become exercisable. It recognises the impact of the revision of original estimates, if any, in the income statement, and a corresponding adjustment is made to equity over the remaining vesting period. The fair value of the awards and ultimate expense are not adjusted on a change in market vesting conditions during the vesting period.

(s)      Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing profit after tax attributable to equity shareholders of the parent company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period. Diluted earnings per share requires that the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue is adjusted to assume conversion of all dilutive potential ordinary shares. These arise from awards made under share-based incentive schemes. Share awards with performance conditions attaching to them are not considered to be dilutive unless these conditions have been met at the reporting date. Shares held in employee share trusts are excluded from the weighted average number of shares in issue until they have vested unconditionally with the employees.

1.4     New standards, amendments and interpretations not yet effective and not early adopted

At the date of authorisation of these financial statements, the following standards and interpretations were assessed to be relevant and are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019:

Description

Effective date (period beginning)

IFRS 16 Leases

1 January 2019

IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

1 January 2021 (Deferred elected)

IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts

1 January 2021

 

The Group intends to adopt the standards and interpretations in the reporting period when they become effective. The Board does not anticipate that the adoption of these standards and interpretations in future periods will materially impact the Group's financial results in the period of initial application although there will be revised presentations to the financial statements and additional disclosures.

The Group has not early adopted these standards and their impact is yet to be fully assessed. However, based on the Directors' current assessment, the impact is not expected to be significant.

IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

In July 2014, the IASB issued the final version of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments that replaces IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement and all previous versions of IFRS 9 and which was endorsed by the EU in 2016. IFRS 9 addresses the classification, measurement and derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities, introduces new rules for hedge accounting and a new impairment model for financial assets and is effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018. The Board does not anticipate that the introduction of this standard would have a material impact on the Group's financial results. In September 2016, the IASB published amendments to IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts that address the accounting consequences of the application of IFRS 9 to insurers prior to the adoption of IFRS 17, the forthcoming accounting standard for insurance contracts. The amendments to IFRS 4 include a deferral approach that provides an entity, if eligible, with a temporary exemption from applying IFRS 9 until 1 January 2021. The Group is eligible to apply the temporary exemption from IFRS 9 because its activities are entirely connected with insurance. As at 31 December 2015, all the group's gross liabilities arising from contracts within the scope of IFRS 4. Since 31 December 2015 there has been no change in the activities of the group that requires reassessment of the use of the temporary exemption. Sabre Insurance Plc as a standalone entity has no impact from IFRS 9.

The table below presents an analysis of the fair value of classes of financial assets as at the end of the 2018 reporting period. The movement in the year represents the change in fair value during the reporting period. The financial assets are divided into two categories:

-        Assets for which their contractual cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI)

-        All financial assets other than those specified in SPPI

 

 

 

Group

Company

 

Fair Value

Fair value change

Fair Value

Fair value change

Asset type

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Financial assets managed and evaluated on a fair value basis

 

 

 

 

Corporate

518

(29)

-

-

Sovereign

286,624

43,140

-

-

Total financial assets managed and evaluated on a fair value basis

287,142

43,111

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets meeting the SPPI test

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalent

22,822

(11,423)

1,208

1,208

Total financial assets meeting SPPI test

22,822

(11,423)

1,208

1,208

 

IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts

The effective date for IFRS 17 is 1 January 2021. Following the issuance of the full and final version of IFRS 17, the Group plans to perform a detailed impact assessment of the implementation of IFRS 17 and IFRS 9 on its results, financial position and cash flows during 2019.

IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 is effective for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 and has not yet been endorsed by the EU. The standard provides a single lessee accounting model, requiring lessees to recognise assets and liabilities for all leases unless the lease term is 12 months or less or the underlying asset has a low value. This is in contrast to the current standard which differentiates between operating and finance leases. The Group's current analysis is that this will not have a material impact on the Group's results, given the Group holds no lease assets or liabilities.

 

2.      Critical accounting estimates and judgements

2.1     Valuation of insurance contracts

For the valuation of insurance contracts, estimates are made both for the expected ultimate cost of claims reported at the reporting date, consisting of a claims reserve and estimate of the sufficiency of these reserves (through the calculation of an Incurred But Not Enough Reported (IBNER) estimate, and for the expected ultimate cost of claims incurred, but not yet reported, at the reporting date (IBNR). It can take a significant period of time before the ultimate claims cost can be established with certainty.

The ultimate cost of outstanding claims is estimated by using a range of standard actuarial claims projection techniques, such as Chain Ladder and Bornhuetter-Ferguson methods. The main assumption underlying these techniques is that the Company's past claims development experience can be used to project future claims development and hence ultimate claims costs. As such, these methods extrapolate the development of paid and incurred losses, average costs per claim and claim numbers based on the observed development of earlier years and expected loss ratios. Historical claims development is analysed by accident years and types of claim. Large claims are usually separately addressed, either by being reserved at the face value of loss adjuster estimates or separately projected in order to reflect their future development. In most cases, no explicit assumptions are made regarding future rates of claims inflation or loss ratios. Instead, the assumptions used are those implicit in the historical claims development data on which the projections are based. Additional qualitative judgement is used to assess the extent to which past trends may not apply in future, (e.g. to reflect one-off occurrences, changes in external or market factors such as public attitudes to claiming, economic conditions, levels of claims inflation, judicial decisions and legislation, as well as internal factors such as portfolio mix, policy features and claims handling procedures) in order to arrive at the estimated ultimate cost of claims that present the likely outcome from the range of possible outcomes, taking account of all the uncertainties involved.

The gross carrying value at the reporting date of insurance liabilities is £215,757k (2017: £242,388k).

Liability claims may be settled through a Periodic Payment Order ("PPO"), established under the Courts Act 2003, which allows a UK court to award damages for future loss or any other damages in respect of personal injury. The court may order that the damages either partly or fully take the form of a PPO. To date, the Company has two PPOs within its outstanding claims reserve. Reinsurance is applied at the claim level, and therefore as PPOs generally result in a liability in excess of the Company's reinsurance retention, the net liability on acquisition of a PPO is not significantly different to that arising in a non-PPO situation. Management will continue to monitor the level of PPO activity. Once the level of projected PPO activity, and the volume of historical data available for modelling, becomes sufficient the firm will apply statistical modelling in respect of PPOs within the IBNR reserve.

 

3.      Risk management

3.1     Risk and capital management

The Board of Directors has ultimate responsibility for ensuring that the Group has sufficient funds to meet its liabilities as they fall due. The Group carries out detailed modelling of its assets and liabilities and the key risks to which these are exposed. This modelling includes the Group's own assessment of its capital requirements for solvency purposes.

The Group has continued to manage its solvency with reference to the Solvency Capital Requirement ("SCR") calculated using the Standard Formula. The Group has developed sufficient processes to ensure that the capital requirements under Solvency II are not breached, including the maintenance of capital at a level higher than that required through the Standard Formula. In previous years Sabre Insurance Company Limited managed its capital position on both a Solvency II basis and on the previous regulatory basis. The Group considers its capital position to be its net assets on a Solvency II basis and monitors this in the context of the Solvency II SCR. As at 31 December 2018, the Company holds significant excess Solvency II capital.

 

 

 

The Group's IFRS capital comprised:

 

As at 31 December

2018

£'k

As at 31 December

2017

£'k

Equity

 

 

Ordinary share capital

249

249

Preference share capital

-

-

Share premium

-

205,241

Own shares

1

1

Merger reserve

48,524

48,404

Retained earnings

216,374

(21,902)

Total

265,148

231,993

 

The Solvency II position of the Group is given below:

 

As at
31 December

2018

£'k

As at 31 December

2017

£'k

Total tier 1 capital

130,019

97,873

SCR

60,995

61,087

Excess capital

69,024

36,786

Solvency coverage ratio (%)

213%

160%

 

The following table sets out a reconciliation between IFRS net assets and Solvency II net assets:

 

As at 31 December

2018

£'k

As at 31 December

2017

£'k

Adjusted IFRS net assets

108,869

75,213

Unearned premium reserve

106,517

105,122

Deferred acquisition costs

(15,761)

(14,673)

Solvency II premium provision

(71,092)

(68,199)

IFRS risk margin1

12,550

12,389

Discount claims provision

3,134

1,822

Solvency II risk margin

(9,237)

(8,486)

Change in deferred tax

(4,961)

(5,315)

Solvency II net assets

130,019

97,873

 

1    In line with industry practice, the IFRS risk margin is an explicit additional reserve in excess of the actuarial best estimate which is designed to create a margin held in reserves to allow for unforeseen adverse development in open claims.

The adjustments set out above have been made for the following reasons:

-        Adjusted IFRS net assets: Equals Group net assets on an IFRS basis, less goodwill and intangibles.

-        Removal of unearned premium reserve and deferred acquisition costs: The unearned premium reserve must be added back as premium and deferred acquisition costs must be removed as they are not deferred under Solvency II.

-        Solvency II premium provision: A premium reserve reflecting the future cash in and outflows in respect of insurance contracts is calculated and this must be discounted under Solvency II.

-        IFRS risk margin: Solvency II reserves must reflect a true "best estimate" basis. Therefore, the IFRS risk margin is removed from the claims reserve.

-        Discount claims provision: The provision held against future claims expenditure for claims incurred is discounted in the same way as the Solvency II premium provision.

-        Solvency II risk margin: The Solvency II risk margin represents the premium that would be required were the Group to transfer its technical provisions to a third party, and essentially reflects the SCR required to cover run-off of claims on existing business. This amount is calculated by the Group through modelling the discounted SCR on a projected future balance sheet for each year of claims run-off.

-        Change in deferred tax: As the move to a Solvency II basis balance sheet increases the net asset position of the Group, a deferred tax liability
is generated to offset the increase.

 

The Group's SCR, expressed on a risk module basis, is set out in the following table:

 

As at 31 December

2018

£'k

As at 31 December

2017

£'k

Interest rate risk

484

1,482

Equity risk

-

-

Property risk

1,014

859

Spread risk

83

88

Currency risk

240

204

Concentration risk

-

-

Correlation impact

(555)

(815)

Market risk

1,265

1,818

Counterparty risk

2,682

3,306

Underwriting risk

57,633

56,860

Correlation impact

(2,305)

(2,982)

Basic SCR

59,275

59,002

Operating risk

6,681

7,400

Loss absorbing effect of deferred taxes

(4,961)

(5,315)

Total Solvency Capital Requirement

60,995

61,087

 

The Group's capital management objectives are:

-        to ensure that the Group will be able to continue as a going concern; and

-        to maximise the income and capital return to its equity.

The Board monitors and reviews the broad structure of the Group's capital on an ongoing basis. This review includes consideration of the extent to which revenue in excess of that which is required to be distributed should be retained.

The Group's objectives, policies and processes for managing capital have not changed during the historical period.

 

3.2     Principal risks from insurance activities and the use of financial instruments

The Strategic Report sets out the principal risks faced by the Group. Detailed below is the Group's risk exposure arising from its insurance activities and use of financial instruments specifically in respect of insurance risk, market risk and counterparty risk.

3.2.1  Underwriting

The Group has identified that, in general, recognition from revenue in insurance contracts can be complex. However, given the short-term nature of the Group's policies, this is not a source of material risk to the Group.

The principal risk the Group faces under insurance contracts is that the actual claims and benefit payments, or the timing thereof, differ from expectations. This is influenced by the frequency of claims, severity of claims, actual benefits paid and subsequent development of long-term claims. Therefore, the objective of the Group is to ensure that sufficient reserves are available to cover these liabilities.

The Group issues only motor insurance contracts, which usually cover 12 months' duration. For these contracts, the most significant risks arise from severe weather conditions or single catastrophic events. For longer-tail claims that take some years to settle, there is also inflation risk.

The above risk exposure is mitigated by diversification across a large portfolio of policyholders and geographical areas within the UK. The variability of risks is improved by careful selection and implementation of underwriting strategies, which are designed to ensure that risks are diversified in terms of type of risk and level of insured benefits. This is largely achieved through diversification across policyholders. Furthermore, strict claim review policies to assess all new and ongoing claims, regular detailed review of claims handling procedures and frequent investigation of possible fraudulent claims are all policies and procedures put in place to reduce the risk exposure of the Group. The Group further enforces a policy of actively managing and promptly pursuing claims, in order to reduce its exposure to unpredictable future developments that can negatively impact the business. Inflation risk is mitigated by taking expected inflation into account when estimating insurance contract liabilities.

The Group purchases reinsurance as part of its risk mitigation programme. Reinsurance ceded is placed on a non-proportional basis. This non-proportional reinsurance is excess-of-loss, designed to mitigate the Group's net exposure to single large claims or catastrophe losses. Amounts recoverable from reinsurers are estimated in a manner consistent with the outstanding claims provision and are in accordance with the reinsurance contracts. Although the Group has reinsurance arrangements, it is not relieved of its direct obligations to its policyholders and thus a credit exposure exists with respect to ceded insurance, to the extent that any reinsurer is unable to meet its obligations assumed under such reinsurance agreements. The Group's placement of reinsurance is diversified such that it is not dependent on a single reinsurer. There is no single counterparty exposure that exceeds 25% of total reinsurance assets at the reporting date.

Key assumptions

The principal assumption underlying the liability estimates is that the Group's future claims development will follow a similar pattern to past claims development experience. This includes assumptions in respect of average claim costs, claim handling costs, claim inflation factors and claim numbers for each accident year. Additional qualitative judgements are used to assess the extent to which past trends may not apply in the future, for example: one-off occurrence; changes in market factors such as public attitude to claiming: economic conditions; and internal factors such as portfolio mix, policy conditions and claims handling procedures. Judgement is further used to assess the extent to which external factors such as judicial decisions and government legislation affect the estimates.

Other key circumstances affecting the reliability of assumptions include variation in interest rates and delays in settlement.

 

Sensitivities

The motor claim liabilities are primarily sensitive to the reserving assumptions noted above. It has not been possible to quantify the sensitivity of certain assumptions such as legislative changes or uncertainty in the estimation process.

The following analysis is performed for reasonably possible movements in key assumptions with all other assumptions held constant, showing the impact on profit before tax and equity. The correlation of assumptions will have a significant effect in determining the ultimate claims liabilities, but to demonstrate the impact due to changes in assumptions, assumptions had to be changed on an individual basis. It should be noted that movements in these assumptions are non-linear.

The table shows the impact of a 10% increase in the loss ratio applied to all underwriting years which have a material outstanding claims reserve and a 10% increase in net outstanding claims across all underwriting years, taking into account the impact of an increase in the operational costs associated with handling those claims.

 

Increase/(decrease)
in profit before tax

Increase/(decrease)
in total equity

At 31 December

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Insurance risk

 

 

 

 

Impact of a 10% increase in loss ratio

(13,899)

(13,228)

(11,258)

(13,228)

Impact of a 10% increase in net outstanding claims and claims provision

(11,713)

(11,511)

(9,488)

(11,511)

 

 

3.2.2  Financial risks

(1)     Counterparty credit risk

Counterparty credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss to the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. The two main sources of counterparty risk for the Company are investment counterparties and reinsurance recoveries.

The following policies and procedures are in place to mitigate the Company's exposure to credit risk:

-        A Company credit risk policy which sets out the assessment and determination of what constitutes credit risk for the Company. Compliance with the policy is monitored and exposures and breaches are reported to the Company's Audit and Risk committee. The policy is regularly reviewed for pertinence and for changes in the risk environment.

-        Reinsurance is placed with counterparties that have a good credit rating and concentration of risk is avoided by following policy guidelines in respect of counterparties' limits that are set each year by the Board of Directors and are subject to regular reviews. At each reporting date, management performs an assessment of creditworthiness of reinsurers and updates the reinsurance purchase strategy, ascertaining suitable allowance for impairment.

-        The Company sets the maximum amounts and limits that may be advanced to corporate counterparties by reference to their long-term credit ratings.

-        The credit risk in respect of customer balances incurred on non-payment of premiums or contributions will only persist during the grace period specified in the policy document or trust deed until expiry, when the policy is either paid up or terminated. Commission paid to intermediaries is netted off against amounts receivable from them to reduce the risk of doubtful debts.

The following tables demonstrate the Company's exposure to credit risk in respect of overdue debt and counterparty creditworthiness.

 

 

 

 

Overdue debt

At 31 December 2018

Neither past

due nor impaired

£'k

Past due 1-90 days

£'k

Past due more than 90 days

£'k

Assets that have been impaired

£'k

Carrying value in the balance sheet

£'k

Reinsurance assets

82,435

-

-

-

82,435

Deferred tax assets

217

-

-

-

217

Insurance and other receivables

37,786

-

2

-

37,788

Corporate bonds

518

-

-

-

518

UK government debt

286,624

-

-

-

286,624

Cash at bank and in hand

22,823

-

-

-

22,823

Total

430,403

-

2

-

430,405

 

At 31 December 2017

Neither past

due nor impaired

£'k

Past due 1-90 days

£'k

Past due more than 90 days

£'k

Assets that have been impaired

£'k

Carrying value in the balance sheet

£'k

Reinsurance assets

110,488

-

-

-

110,488

Deferred tax assets

20

-

-

-

20

Insurance and other receivables

38,806

-

2

-

38,808

Corporate bonds

547

-

-

-

547

UK government debt

243,484

-

-

-

243,484

Cash at bank and in hand

34,425

-

-

-

34,425

Total

427,770

-

2

-

427,772

 

There were no material financial assets that would have been past due or considered for impairment at the year end.

 

Exposure by credit rating

At 31 December 2018

AAA

£'k

AA+ to

AA-

£'k

A+ to A-

£'k

BBB+ to

BBB-

£'k

BB+ and

below

£'k

Not rated

£'k

Total

£'k

Reinsurance assets

-

62,696

19,739

-

-

-

82,435

Deferred tax assets

-

-

-

-

-

217

217

Insurance and other receivables

-

-

-

-

-

37,788

37,788

Corporate bonds

-

-

-

518

-

-

518

UK government debt

-

286,624

-

-

-

-

286,624

Cash at bank and in hand

-

93

-

22,730

-

-

22,823

Total

-

349,413

19,739

23,248

-

38,005

430,405

 

  

At 31 December 2017

AAA

£'k

AA+ to

AA-

£'k

A+ to A-

£'k

BBB+ to

BBB-

£'k

BB+ and

below

£'k

Not rated

£'k

Total

£'k

Reinsurance assets

-

83,408

27,080

-

-

-

110,488

Deferred tax assets

-

-

-

-

-

20

20

Insurance and other receivables

-

-

-

-

-

38,511

38,511

Corporate bonds

-

-

-

547

-

-

547

UK government debt

-

243,484

-

-

-

-

243,484

Cash at bank and in hand

-

6,796

-

27,629

-

-

34,425

Total

-

333,688

27,080

28,176

-

38,828

427,475

 

Credit rating is determined with reference to an external credit rating agency.

(2)     Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the potential that obligations cannot be met as they fall due as a consequence of having a timing mismatch or inability to raise sufficient liquid assets without suffering a substantial loss on realisation. The Company manages its liquidity risk through both ensuring that it holds sufficient cash and cash equivalent assets to meet all short-term liabilities, and matching the maturity profile of its financial investments to the expected cash outflows.

The liquidity of the Company's insurance liabilities and supporting assets is given in the tables below.

At 31 December 2018

Total

£'k

Within 1 year

£'k

1 - 3 years

£'k

3 - 5 years

£'k

5 - 10 years

£'k

Over 10 years

£'k

Corporate bonds

518

518

-

-

-

-

UK government debt

286,624

182,923

81,768

17,879

4,054

-

Cash and cash equivalents

22,822

22,822

-

-

-

-

Total

309,965

206,264

81,768

17,879

4,054

-

 

At 31 December 2018

Total

£'k

Within 1 year

£'k

1 - 3 years

£'k

3 - 5 years

£'k

5 - 10 years

£'k

Over 10 years

£'k

Insurance liabilities

275,230

127,236

97,832

32,425

17,739

(2)

Trade and other payables including insurance payables

13,623

13,623

-

-

-

-

Total

288,853

140,859

97,832

32,425

17,739

(2)

 

At 31 December 2017

Total

£'k

Within 1 year

£'k

1 - 3 years

£'k

3 - 5 years

£'k

5 - 10 years

£'k

Over 10 years

£'k

Corporate bonds

547

-

547

-

-

-

UK government debt

243,483

105,951

93,146

34,666

9,720

-

Cash and cash equivalents

34,425

34,425

-

-

-

-

Total

278,455

140,376

93,693

34,666

9,720

-

 

At 31 December 2017

Total

£'k

Within 1 year

£'k

1 - 3 years

£'k

3 - 5 years

£'k

5 - 10 years

£'k

Over 10 years

£'k

Insurance liabilities

299,609

141,001

109,537

43,568

5,503

-

Trade and other payables including insurance payables

19,834

19,834

-

-

-

-

Total

319,443

160,835

109,537

43,568

5,503

-

 

The above tables include the expected claims on unearned premiums within insurance liabilities. The maturity of insurance liabilities is based upon an estimate of expected settlement date.

 

 

(3)     Investment concentration risk

Excessive exposure to particular industry sectors or groups can give rise to concentration risk. The Company has no significant investment in any particular industrial sector and therefore is unlikely to suffer significant losses through its investment portfolio as a result of over-exposure to sectors engaged in similar activities or which have similar economic features that would cause their ability to meet contractual obligations to be similarly affected by changes in economic, political or other conditions.

The Company's portfolio consists primarily of UK government debt, therefore the risk of government default does exist, however the likelihood is extremely remote. The Company continues to monitor the strength and security of these government bonds.

The Company's exposure by geographical area is outlined below.

At 31 December 2018

Corporate

£'k

Sovereign

£'k

Total

£'k

UK

518

286,624

287,142

Total

518

286,624

287,142

 

At 31 December 2017

Corporate

£'k

Sovereign

£'k

Total

£'k

UK

547

243,484

244,031

Total

547

243,484

244,031

 

(4)     Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. Floating rate instruments expose the Group to cash flow interest risk, whereas fixed interest rate instruments expose the Group to fair value interest risk. Currently the Company holds only fixed rate securities.

The Group's interest risk policy requires it to manage the maturities of interest bearing financial assets and interest bearing financial liabilities. Interest on fixed interest rate instruments is priced at inception of the financial instrument and is fixed until maturity.

The Group has no significant concentration of interest rate risk.

The analysis that follows is performed for reasonably possible movements in key variables with all other variables held constant, showing the impact on profit before tax and equity. The correlation of variables will have a significant effect in determining the ultimate impact on interest rate risk, but to demonstrate the impact due to changes in variables, variables had to be changed on an individual basis. It should be noted that movements in these variables are non-linear.

Note that the Company's investment portfolio has been designed such that the cash flows yielded from investments match the projected outflows inherent primarily within the claims reserve. While these insurance liabilities are shown on an undiscounted basis under IFRS, their economic value will move broadly in line with the underlying assets.

 

Increase/(decrease)
in profit after tax

Increase/(decrease)
in total equity

At 31 December

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Interest rate

 

 

 

 

Impact of a 100 basis point increase in interest rates on financial investments

(2,350)

(1,984)

(2,350)

(1,984)

Owner-occupied property

 

 

 

 

Impact of a 15% decrease in property markets

-

(515)

(493)

(515)

 

3.2.3  Operational risk

Operational risk is the risk of loss arising from system failure, human error, fraud or external events. When controls fail to perform, operational risks can cause damage to reputation, have legal or regulatory implications or can lead to financial loss. The Company cannot expect to eliminate all operational risks, but by initiating a rigorous control framework and by monitoring and responding to potential risks, the Company is able to manage the risks. Controls include effective segregation of duties, access controls, authorisation and reconciliation procedures, staff education and assessment processes, including the use of internal audit. Business risks such as changes in environment, technology and the industry are monitored through the Group's strategic planning and budgeting process. 

4.      Net earned premium

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Gross earned premium:

 

 

Gross written premium

210,017

210,736

Movement in unearned premium reserve

(1,395)

(7,597)

 

208,622

203,139

Reinsurance premium ceded:

 

 

Premium payable

(21,129)

(19,017)

Movement in unearned premium reserve

742

2,744

 

(20,387)

(16,273)

Total

188,235

186,866

 

Information is reported to the chief operating decision makers and the Board on an aggregated basis. Strategic and financial management decisions are determined centrally by the Board. The company provides only one product to clients, which is motor insurance, which is written solely in the UK. The company has no other lines of business, nor does it operate outside of the UK. The Gross Written Premium for the year is £210,017k. Other income are relates to auxiliary products and services, including marketing and administration fees, all relating to the motor insurance business. Refer to note 6. The Group does not have a single client which accounts for more than 10% of revenue.

5.      Investment return

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Statement of Comprehensive Income

 

 

Investment income:

 

 

Interest income from debt securities

7,992

4,647

Cash and cash equivalent interest income

91

7

Investment fees

(79)

(76)

 

8,004

4,578

Net realised gains/(losses)

 

 

Debt securities at fair value through profit and loss

(1,210)

(944)

 

(1,210)

(944)

Net unrealised gains/(losses)

 

 

Debt securities at fair value through profit and loss

(6,017)

(4,383)

 

(6,017)

(4,383)

Total

777

(749)

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income

 

 

Revaluation gain on owner-occupied property

620

-

Total

1,397

(749)

 

 

 

6.      Other operating income

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Marketing fees

1,334

1,040

Fee income from the sale of auxiliary products and services

136

131

Other technical income

-

-

Administration fees

291

722

Total

1,761

1,893

 

7.      Net insurance claims

 

2018

2017

 

Gross

£'k

Reinsurance

£'k

Net

£'k

Gross

£'k

Reinsurance

£'k

Net

£'k

Current accident year claims paid

52,429

-

52,429

46,976

-

46,976

Prior accident year claims paid

46,447

(3,179)

43,268

45,033

(2,328)

42,705

Movement in insurance liabilities

(26,631)

28,795

2,164

59,447

(56,216)

3,231

Total

72,245

25,616

97,861

151,456

(58,544)

92,912

 

Claims handling expenses for the year ended 31 December 2018 of £6,536k (2017: £6,045k) have been included in the above.

 

8.      Operating expenses

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Staff costs

6,219

5,912

Property costs

152

137

IT expense including IT depreciation

4,334

3,728

Other depreciation

46

47

Industry levies

3,224

3,851

Other operating expenses

4,787

4,435

Total

18,762

18,110

 

The table below analyses the average monthly number of persons employed by the Company's operations.

 

2018

2017

Operations

129

128

Support

25

25

Total

154

153

 

 

The aggregate remuneration of those employed by the Company's operations comprised:

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Wages and salaries

4,199

4,916

Issue of share based payments

1,036

-

Social security costs

594

601

Pension costs

246

255

Other staff costs

144

140

Total

6,219

5,912

 

Wages and salaries of £4,199k (2017: £4,916k) have been classified as part of claims handling expenses (Note 7). Wages and salaries include a net movement in deferred acquisition costs (Note 16) of £407k (2017: (£246k)).

The table below analyses the auditor's remuneration in respect of the Company's operations.

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Fees for audit services

 

 

Audit of these financial statements

41

40

Audit of financial statements of subsidiaries of the company

134

130

Total audit fees

175

170

Fees for non-audit services

 

 

Audit related assurance services

75

40

Other non-audit services relating to corporate finance transactions

-

495

Total non-audit fees

75

535

Total Group auditor remuneration

250

705

 

Amounts paid to Directors are disclosed within the Directors' Remuneration Report on page 46 of the Annual Report and Accounts.

9.      Exceptional items

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Discounted shares issued to employees

-

1,513

Management bonus on IPO

-

1,000

IPO costs

-

5,029

Total

-

7,542

 

Exceptional costs relate to expenses incurred in relation to the Group's Listing on the London Stock Exchange during 2017, and staff expenses generated through the issue of shares at undervalue to certain members of staff and one-off cash-settled bonuses paid to management on IPO.

 

10.    Tax charge

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Current taxation:

 

 

Charge for the year            

11,992

10,194

 

11,992

10,194

 

 

Deferred taxation (note 12):

 

 

Origination and reversal of temporary differences

(197)

(25)

Effect of tax rate change on opening balance

-

-

Over-provision in respect of the previous year

-

-

 

(197)

(25)

 

 

 

Current taxation

11,992

10,194

Deferred taxation (note 12)

(197)

(25)

Tax charge for the year

11,795

10,169

 

Tax recorded in Other Comprehensive Income is as follows.

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Current taxation

118

-

 

118

-

 

The actual income tax charge differs from the expected income tax charge computed by applying the standard rate of UK corporation tax of 19.00% (2017: 19.25%) as follows:

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Profit before tax

61,363

55,512

Expected tax charge

11,659

10,686

Effect of:

 

 

Disallowable expenses

13

691

Adjustment of deferred tax to average rate of 19.25%

-

2

Amortisation of Intangible assets

95

-

Adjustment in respect of prior periods

-

116

Other differences

-

(5)

Income/less not subject to UK taxation

28

(1,321)

Tax charge for the year

11,795

10,169

Effective income tax rate

19.22%

18.32%

 

11.    Current tax

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Per balance sheet:

 

 

Current tax assets

-

-

Current tax liabilities

(5,798)

(907)

 

(5,798)

(907)

 

 

12.    Deferred tax

The following are the deferred tax liabilities recognised by the Company, and the movements thereon, during the current and prior reporting years.

 

Provisions
and other temporary differences

£'k

Depreciation
in excess
of capital allowances

£'k

Share based payments

£'k

Total

£'k

At 1 January 2018

25

(5)

-

20

Credit to the income statement on continuing operations

(8)

8

197

197

At 31 December 2018

17

3

197

217

 

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Per balance sheet:

 

 

Deferred tax assets

217

20

Deferred tax liabilities

-

-

 

217

20

 

On 1 April 2017 the UK rate of corporation tax changed from 20% to 19%, and will reduce further to 17% from 1 April 2020. Note that the closing deferred tax attributes are recognised with reference to the 17% rate as there is insufficient certainty to know when the various items on which deferred tax is recognised will unwind.

 

13.    Dividends

 

Pence
per share

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Amounts recognised as distributions to equity holders in the period:

 

 

 

First interim ordinary dividend paid

7.2

17,951

14,167

Second interim ordinary dividend paid

-

 -

8,171

Preference dividends paid

-

 -

9,358

 

7.2

17,951

31,696

 

  

14.    Property, plant and equipment

 

Owner occupied

£k

Fixtures and

fittings

£k

Computer equipment

£k

Total

£k

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2017

3,950

678

1,901

6,529

Additions

-

25

52

77

At 1 January 2018

3,950

703

1,953

6,606

Additions

-

17

44

61

Revaluation

620

-

-

620

At 31 December 2018

4,570

720

1,997

7,287

Accumulated depreciation and impairment

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2017

515

507

1,473

2,495

Charge for the year

-

47

190

237

At 1 January 2018

515

554

1,663

2,732

Charge for the year

 

45

140

185

At 31 December 2018

515

599

1,803

2,917

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

As at 31 December 2018

4,055

121

194

4,370

As at 31 December 2017

3,435

149

290

3,874

 

The Company holds two owner occupied properties, Sabre House and the Old House, which are both managed by the Company. The properties are measured at fair value which is arrived at on the basis of a valuation carried out on 16 October 2018 by Hurst Warne and Partners LLP. The valuation was carried out on an open-market basis in accordance with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors' requirements, which is deemed to equate to fair value. The fair value measurement of owner occupied property of £4,055k (2017: £3,435k) has been categorised as a Level 3 fair value based on the non-observable inputs to the valuation technique used. The following table shows a reconciliation to the closing fair value for the Level 3 owner occupied property at valuation:

 

Owner occupied

£'k

At 31 December 2017

3,435

Purchase

-

Revaluation

620

At 31 December 2018

4,055

 

15.    Reinsurance assets

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Reinsurers' share of general insurance liabilities

74,203

102,998

Reinsurers' share of UPR

8,232

7,490

Impairment provision

-

-

Total

82,435

110,488

 

 

 

16.    Deferred acquisition costs

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

At 1 January

14,673

14,028

Net increase/decrease during the year

1,088

645

At 31 December

15,761

14,673

 

17.    Insurance and other receivables

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Receivables arising from insurance and reinsurance contracts:

 

 

Due from brokers and intermediaries

16,234

17,296

Due from policyholders

21,542

21,504

Impairment of broker and intermediary receivables

(100)

(100)

Other loans and receivables:

 

 

Other debtors

112

108

Total

37,788

38,808

 

The carrying value of insurance and other receivables approximates to fair value. There are no amounts expected to be recovered more than 12 months after the reporting date.

18.    Prepayments, accrued income and other assets

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Accrued interest

3,467

2,135

Prepayments and accrued income

                        1,071

719

Total

4,538

2,854

 

The carrying value of prepayments, accrued income and other assets approximates to fair value. There are no amounts expected to be recovered more than 12 months after the reporting date.

 

19.    Financial investments

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Debt securities held at fair value through the profit and loss account

 

 

Corporate

518

547

Sovereign

286,624

243,484

Total

287,142

244,031

 

All financial investments are classified as Level 1 under the fair value hierarchy. The fair value classification of owner occupied property is discussed in Note 14.

20.    Cash and cash equivalents

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Cash at bank and in hand

22,823

34,425

Total

22,823

34,425

 

21.    Share capital

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Authorised, issued and fully paid: equity shares

 

 

250,000,000 ordinary shares of £0.001 each

250,000

250,000

 

All shares are unrestricted and carry equal voting rights.

Cancellation of share premium account: On 26th June 2018, Sabre Insurance Group Plc received confirmation by an Order of the High Courts of Justice, Chancery Division, for the reduction of its share premium account, effective as at that date.

The share-based payments reserve is used to recognise the value of equity-settled share-based payments provided to employees, including key management personnel, as part of their remuneration. Refer to Note 31 for further details on these plans.

The merger reserve was generated through the corporate restructuring which proceeded the Company's IPO in December 2017.

All other reserves are as stated in the consolidated statement of changes in equity.

22.    Goodwill

On 3 January 2014 the Group acquired Binomial Group Limited, the parent of Sabre Insurance Company Limited, for a consideration of £245,485k satisfied by cash. As from 1 January 2014, the date of transition to IFRS, goodwill was no longer amortised but is subject to annual impairment testing. The recoverable amount of the insurance business unit is based on its fair value less cost to sell.

The Goodwill recorded in respect of this transaction at the date of acquisition was £156,279k. There has been no impairment to Goodwill since this date, and no additional Goodwill has been recognised by the Group.

The Group performed its annual impairment test as at 31 December 2018 and 31 December 2017. The Group considers the relationship between its market capitalisation and its book value, among other factors, when reviewing for indicators of impairment. As at 31 December 2018 and 31 December 2017, the Group's securities were traded on a liquid market, therefore market value could be used as a definitive indicator
of market capitalisation.

Key assumptions

The valuation uses fair value less costs to sell. The key assumption on which management have based this value is:

-        Market capitalisation of the Group at 31 December 2018 of £682,500k (2017: £680,000k)

The Directors conclude that the recoverable amount of the business unit would remain in excess of its carrying value even after reasonably possible changes in the key inputs and assumptions affecting its market value, such as a significant fall in demand for its product or a significant adverse change in the volume of claims and increase in other expenses, before the recoverable amount of the business units would reduce to less than its carrying value. Therefore the Directors are of the opinion that there are no indicators of impairment as at 31 December 2018. Goodwill is categorised as Level 3 under the IFRS hierarchy.

 

23.    Intangible assets

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Cost

 

 

At 1 January

14,838

14,838

Additions

-

-

At 31 December

14,838

14,838

Accumulated amortisation

 

 

At 1 January

14,337

13,450

Charge for the year

501

887

At 31 December

14,838

14,337

 

 

 

Carrying amount

-

501

 

Upon acquisition of Binomial Group Limited in January 2014 the acquired client book of business was recognised as an intangible asset with a fair value of £14,833k in line with IFRS. As at 31 December 2018, the remaining life was determined to be zero years.

 

24.    Insurance liabilities, unearned premium reserve

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Insurance liabilities

 

 

Gross insurance liabilities (including unearned premium reserve)

 

 

Gross insurance liabilities

215,757

242,388

Unearned premium reserve

106,517

105,122

Total

322,274

347,510

Reinsurers' share of insurance liabilities (including unearned premium reserve)

 

 

Reinsurers' share of insurance liabilities

(74,203)

(102,998)

Unearned premium reserve

(8,232)

(7,490)

Total

(82,435)

(110,488)

Net insurance liabilities (including unearned premium reserve)

 

 

Net insurance liabilities

141,554

139,390

Unearned premium reserve

98,285

97,632

Total

239,839

237,022

 

The development of gross and net general insurance liabilities is shown below.

Gross insurance liabilities

Accident year

2010

£'k

2011

£'k

2012

£'k

2013

£'k

2014

£'k

2015

£'k

2016

£'k

2017

£'k

2018
£'k

Total

£'k

Estimate of ultimate claims costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At end of accident year

77,415

98,735

103,139

84,939

75,649

103,599

111,518

165,707

120,077

 

One year later

74,349

95,818

103,989

70,567

65,639

90,133

100,935

131,803

 

 

Two years later

77,740

90,631

94,297

63,197

62,039

82,537

94,294

 

 

 

Three years later

73,686

84,962

92,478

65,313

60,301

79,845

 

 

 

 

Four years later

72,141

81,715

97,170

68,763

59,149

 

 

 

 

 

Five years later

71,540

80,514

94,150

64,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six years later

74,822

80,738

88,795

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seven years later

72,660

80,511

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight years later

72,656

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current estimate of cumulative claims

72,656

80,511

88,795

64,290

59,149

79,845

94,294

131,803

120,077

 

Cumulative payments to date

(69,308)

(80,174)

(81,032)

(54,206)

(54,642)

(66,726)

(70,269)

(64,200)

(45,986)

 

Liability recognised in balance sheet

3,348

337

7,764

10,084

4,507

13,119

24,025

67,604

74,091

204,849

2009 and prior

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,376

Claims handling provision

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,502

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

215,757

 

 

Net insurance liabilities

Accident year

2010

£'k

2011

£'k

2012

£'k

2013

£'k

2014

£'k

2015

£'k

2016

£'k

2017

£'k

2018
£'k

Total

£'k

Estimate of ultimate claims costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At end of accident year

 61,912

94,171

89,901

77,316

74,609

97,288

104,808

106,478

111,433

 

One year later

69,055

90,742

81,403

64,071

65,639

85,814

93,664

96,446

 

 

Two years later

72,475

87,494

75,938

59,301

60,953

81,164

87,824

 

 

 

Three years later

69,649

81,950

73,606

57,739

59,741

77,869

 

 

 

 

Four years later

68,001

78,509

74,304

56,947

59,008

 

 

 

 

 

Five years later

67,100

77,534

72,731

56,892

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six years later

66,926

77,496

72,624

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seven years later

66,791

77,266

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight years later

66,791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current estimate of cumulative claims

66,791

77,266

72,624

56,892

59,008

77,869

87,824

96,446

111,433

 

Cumulative payments to date

(65,626)

(76,928)

(71,408)

(53,732)

(54,642)

(66,638)

(70,269)

(64,200)

(45,986)

 

Liability recognised in balance sheet

1,166

338

1,216

3,161

4,367

11,231

17,555

32,246

65,447

136,726

2009 and prior

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,326

Claims handling provision

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,502

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

141,554

 

Movements in insurance liabilities, unearned premium reserve and reinsurance assets

 

Gross

£'k

Reinsurance

£'k

Net

£'k

At 1 January 2017

182,941

(46,783)

136,158

Cash paid for claims during the year

(85,942)

2,332

(83,610)

Increase/(decrease) in liabilities:

 

 

 

Arising from current-year claims

167,670

(59,229)

108,441

Arising from prior-year claims

(22,281)

682

(21,599)

At 31 December 2017

242,388

(102,998)

139,390

 

 

 

 

Claims reported

297,477

(122,644)

174,833

Incurred but not reported

(58,195)

19,646

(38,549)

Claims handling provision

3,106

-

3,106

At 31 December 2017

242,388

(102,998)

139,390

Cash paid for claims during the year

(92,434)

3,177

(89,257)

Increase/(decrease) in liabilities:

 

 

 

Arising from current-year claims

122,100

(8,645)

113,455

Arising from prior-year claims

(56,297)

34,263

(22,034)

At 31 December 2018

215,757

(74,203)

141,554

 

 

 

 

Claims reported

284,491

(96,138)

188,353

Incurred but not reported

(72,236)

21,935

(50,301)

Claims handling provision

3,502

-

3,502

At 31 December 2018

215,757

(74,203)

141,554

 

25.    Trade and other payables, including insurance payables

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Insurance creditors

1,017

1,031

Due to reinsurers

6,171

4,555

Trade and other creditors

675

4,812

Other taxes

5,760

5,478

Total

13,623

15,876

 

The carrying value of trade and other payables, including insurance payables, approximates to fair value. There are no amounts expected to be settled more than 12 months after the reporting date.

26.    Accruals

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Accruals in respect of industry levies

3,325

4,212

Accruals in respect of IPO costs

-

3,958

Other accruals

1,185

1,497

Total

4,510

 9,667

 

All accruals are due to be paid within one year.

27.    Classification and valuation of financial assets

The following table summarises the classification of financial instruments:

 

Financial assets/liabilities

Non-financial

assets / liabilities

£'k

2018

£'k

 

At fair
value

£'k

AFS

£'k

Loans and receivables

£'k

At amortised

cost

£'k

Financial investments

287,142

-

-

-

-

287,142

Total assets

287,142

-

-

-

-

287,142

 

Fair value measurement

The carrying value of financial assets is in all cases equal to their fair value. All financial investments are classified as Level 1 under the IFRS hierarchy. Level 1 inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities which can be accessed at the measurement date. As such market value has been determined with reference to a reliable third party valuation. Owner occupied property is valued based upon an independent third party valuation and is classified as Level 3 under the IFRS hierarchy, as discussed in Note 14.

 

 

 

28.    Corporate reorganisation

On 11 December 2017 certain steps were taken to restructure the Group immediately prior to the Admission of the ultimate parent to the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange. This included the issue of £250m new ordinary share capital and the redemption of £203m of preferences share capital in the Group's previous ultimate parent company, Barbados TopCo Limited. As the transaction was effected by creating a new parent that is itself not a business, it has been accounted for using the pooling of interest method as a continuation of the existing Group.

 

29.    Notes to the consolidated cash flow statement

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Profit for the year

61,363

55,512

Adjustments for:

 

 

Depreciation

185

237

Amortisation of intangible assets

501

887

Share Based Payments

1,036

-

Investment return

(777)

749

Operating cash flows before movements in working capital

62,308

57,385

Movements in working capital:

 

 

Change in reinsurance assets

28,053

(58,959)

Change in insurance and other receivables

1,020

(1,469)

Change in prepayments and other assets

(1,684)

(688)

Change in insurance liabilities including DAC and UPR

        (26,324)

66,102

Change in trade and other payables

 

(7,410)

10,659

Cash generated from operations

56,963

73,030

Taxes paid

(7,219)

(12,364)

Net cash flow generated from operating activities before investment of insurance assets

48,744

60,666

Interest and investment income received

8,004

4,578

Purchases of invested assets

(152,162)

(139,608)

Proceeds from sale of invested assets

101,824

124,540

Total

6,410

50,176

 

30.    Earnings per share

Earnings per share shows the profit for each share our shareholders own.

 

2018

2017

The calculations for basic and diluted earnings per share are based on the following figures

 

 

Profit on ordinary activities after tax (£'k)

49,615

45,343

Preference dividend (£'k)

-

9,358

Basic weighted average number of shares (number in thousands)

249,125

248,229

Diluted weighted average number of shares (number in thousands)

250,724

248,234

Basic earnings per share (pence per share)

19.90

14.50

Diluted earnings per share (pence per share)

19.77

14.50

 

31.    Share based payments

The Group has chosen to reward its employees through various share-based payment schemes. This note describes the different schemes used to facilitate those share-based payments and the charges recognised, and to be recognised, in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income. A one-off expense of £2,513k was been recorded in the income statement in 2017 in respect of pre-IPO share-based payments outside of these schemes. These are disclosed in Note 8.

The compensation costs recognised in the income statement under IFRS 2 Share-Based Payment are shown below:

 

2018

2017

Equity settled plans

 

 

Long Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP") with no performance conditions

589

-

Long Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP") with performance conditions

307

 

Share Incentive Plan ("SIP")

120

-

Save As You Earn ("SAYE")

20

-

Total

1,036

-

 

The Sabre Share Incentive Plan provides for the award of free Sabre Insurance Group plc shares, Partnership Shares, Management Shares and Dividend Shares. The shares are owned by the employee share trust to satisfy awards under the plans. These shares are purchased on the market and carried at cost.

The Board has approved but not yet initiated one further incentive plan during 2018, being a deferred bonus plan ("DBP"). It is intended that a proportion of awards made under the Short Term Incentive Plan will be deferred into the DBP. The deferred share plan is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over a period of two years.

The terms and conditions of the grants are as follows:

Share option plan

Grant
date

Number
of options

Vesting
conditions

Contractual
life of options

SIP

29 December 2017

187,866

Three years' service

3 Years

LTIP
(No performance conditions)

29 December 2017

576,169

Two years' service
and Three years' service

2/3 Years

LTIP
(Performance conditions)

21 June 2018

572,649

Three years' service plus performance conditions as
outlined in the directors' remuneration report

3 Years

SAYE

24 May 2018

248,382

Three years' service

6-months post vesting

 

Vesting conditions

The vesting conditions are defined as:

-        two years' service - an employee must remain in employment until the second anniversary from the grant date

-        three years' service - an employee must remain in employment until the third anniversary from the grant date;

-        five years' service - an employee must remain in employment until the fifth anniversary from the grant date;

The total gain on directors' exercises of share-option plans during the period was £nil (2017: £nil).

Share Incentive Plan ("SIP")

On 29 December 2017, Free Share awards were granted with a vesting period of three years from the award date. Vesting is unconditional for participants still in service at the vesting date. Participants will also receive Dividend Shares which represent the value of reinvested dividends which would have accrued over the vesting period on the shares in the Free Share award. No Partnership or Matching shares had been awarded by 31 December 2018.

The fair value of the Sabre Share Incentive Plan awards is equal to the share price on the date of grant. Dividends are not deducted in the calculation of fair value because dividends will be accumulated over the vesting period and repaid against equivalent dividend shares.

Reconciliation of movement in the number of SIP awards

 

2018

2017

 

Number
of awards

Weight average exercise price
(pence)

Number
of awards

Weight average exercise price
(pence)

Outstanding at 31 December 2017

187,866

Nil

-

-

Granted

-

-

187,866

Nil

Forfeited

-

-

-

-

Vested

-

-

-

-

Outstanding at 31 December 2018

187,866

Nil

187,866

Nil

 

Long Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP")

The LTIP is a discretionary share plan, under which the Board may grant share-based awards ("LTIP Awards") to incentivise and retain eligible employees. The vesting of LTIP Awards may (and, in the case of an LTIP Award to an Executive Director other than a Recruitment Award will) be subject to the satisfaction of performance conditions. Any performance condition may be amended or substituted if one or more events occur which cause the Board to consider that an amended or substituted performance condition would be more appropriate and would not be materially less difficult to satisfy.

LTIP Awards which are subject to performance conditions will normally have those conditions assessed as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of the relevant performance period and, to the extent that the performance conditions have been met, the LTIP Awards will vest either
on that date or such later date as the Board determines. LTIP Awards (other than Recruitment Awards) granted to the Executive Directors will normally be subject to a performance period of at least three years. LTIP Awards (other than Recruitment Awards) which are not subject to performance conditions will normally vest on the third anniversary of the date of grant or such other date as the Board determines.

On 29 December 2017, LTIP awards not subject to performance conditions, were issued to eligible employees.

Reconciliation of movement in the number of LTIP Awards without performance conditions

 

2018

2017

 

Number
of awards

Weight average exercise price
(pence)

Number
of awards

Weight average exercise price
(pence)

Outstanding at 31 December 2017

576,169

Nil

-

-

Granted

-

-

576,169

Nil

Forfeited

(6,639)

-

-

-

Vested

-

-

-

-

Outstanding at 31 December 2018

569,530

Nil

576,169

Nil

 

In 2017, shares gifted to employees at IPO were held in trust under the Long-Term Incentive Plan, without performance conditions, with a vesting period of two years (50%) and three years (50%).

Reconciliation of movement in the number of LTIP awards with performance conditions

During 2018, further share options have been issued to management and senior employees under the LTIP, with performance conditions attached.

 

2018

2017

 

Number
of awards

Weight average exercise
(price)

Number
of awards

Weight average
exercise
(price)

Outstanding at 31 December 2017

-

-

-

-

Granted

572,619

Nil

-

-

Forfeited

-

-

-

-

Vested

-

-

-

-

Outstanding at 31 December 2018

572,619

Nil

-

-

 

 

The following table lists the inputs to the model used for the three plans for the year ended 31 December 2018. The fair value of the options granted is measured using the Monte Carlo method considering the terms and conditions upon which the options were granted. The amount recognised as an expense under IFRS 2 is adjusted to reflect the actual number of share options that vest.

 

2018

Weighted average share price (per award)

227 pence

Expected term

2.8 years

Expected volatility

22.81%

Expected exercise price on outstanding awards

Nil

Grant-date TSR performance of the company

16.09%

Average risk - free interest rate

0.73%

 

32.    Related parties

Sabre Insurance Group plc is the ultimate parent and ultimate controlling party of the group. The following entities included below form the group.

Name

Principle Business

Registered Address

Binominal Group Limited

Intermediate holding company

Sabre House, 150 South Street, Dorking, Surrey,
United Kingdom, RH4 2YY

Sabre Insurance Company Limited

General insurance business

As above

Barbados Topco Limited

Non-Trading

Heritage Hall, Le Marchant Street, St Peter Port,
Guernsey, GY1 4HY

Barb IntermediateCo Limited

Non-Trading

13-14 Esplanade, St Helier, Jersey, JE1 1EE

Barb HoldCo Limited

Non-Trading

13-14 Esplanade, St Helier, Jersey, JE1 1EE

Barb MidCo Limited

Non-Trading

13-14 Esplanade, St Helier, Jersey, JE1 1EE

Barb BidCo Limited

Non-Trading

13-14 Esplanade, St Helier, Jersey, JE1 1EE

Other controlled entities

 

 

EBT - UK SIP

Trust

Ocorian, 26 New Street, St Helier, Jersey, JE2 3RA

The Sabre Insurance Group Employee Benefit Trust

Trust

26 New Street, St Helier, Jersey, JE2 3RA

 

No single party holds a significant influence (>20%) over Sabre Insurance Group plc.

Both Employee Benefit Trusts (EBTs) were established to assist in the administration of the Group's employee equity based compensation schemes. UK registered EBT holds the all-employee Share Incentive Plan (SIP) to which each employee of Sabre Insurance Company Limited was issued with £3,600 of shares. The Jersey-registered EBT holds the long Term incentive Plan (LTIP) discretionary shares awarded on IPO.

While the Group does not have legal ownership of the EBTs and the ability of the Group to influence the actions of the EBTs is limited to a trust deed, the EBT was set up by the Group with the sole purpose of assisting in the administration of these schemes, and is in essence controlled by the Group and therefore consolidated.

During the period ended 31 December 2018, the Group donated no shares to the EBTs (2017: 1,315,538). While an amount of these shares were sold on admission, 213,792 shares were retained in the UK EBT in relation to the SIP and 576,169 shares were retained in the Jersey EBT in relation to the LTIP. The total value of the shares gifted to the EBTs by Sabre Insurance Group plc on admission was £3,025k.

 

Key Management Compensation

Key Management includes executive directors, non-executive directors and other senior management personnel. Further details of directors' shareholdings and remuneration can be found in the directors' remuneration report on pages [X] to [X].

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Salaries and other short term benefits

2,682

3,510

Fees

23

75

Contribution to pension scheme

13

25

 

2,718

3,610

 

 

Parent Company Statement of Financial Position

As at 31 December 2018

 

 

Notes

2018

£'k

2017

 £'k

Assets

 

 

 

Investments

3

577,037

576,000

Debtors

4

-

1,870

Prepayments

 

29

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,208

-

Total assets

 

578,274

577,870

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Issued share capital

6

249

249

Share premium account

 

-

205,241

Own shares

 

1

1

Merger reserve

 

369,514

369,395

Share based payment reserve

 

1,036

-

Retained earnings

 

206,960

(4,047)

Total equity

 

577,760

570,839

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Creditors: Amounts falling due within one year

5

514

7,031

Total liabilities

 

514

7,031

Total equity and liabilities

 

578,274

577,870

 

No income statement is presented for Sabre Insurance Group plc as permitted by Section 408 of the Companies Act 2006.
The profit after tax of the parent company for the period was £23,836k (2017: £4,047k loss).

The notes form part of these financial statements.

These financial statements were approved by the Board on 28 March 2019 and signed on its behalf.

Adam Westwood
Director

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parent Company Statement of Changes in Equity

As at 31 December 2018

 

 

Notes

Share
capital

£'k

Share
premium

£'k

Own
shares

Merger
reserve

£'k

Share based payments reserve

£'k

Retained earnings

£'k

Total

£'k

Balance as at 21 September 2017

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Issue of preference share capital

 

50

-

-

-

-

-

50

Redemption of share capital

 

(50)

-

-

-

-

-

(50)

Issue of ordinary shares

 

250

205,241

-

-

-

-

205,491

Corporate reorganisation

 

(1)

-

1

369,395

-

-

369,395

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

-

-

-

-

-

(4,047)

(4,047)

Balance as at 31 December 2017

 

249

205,241

1

369,395

-

(4,047)

570,839

Profit for the period

 

-

-

-

-

-

23,836

23,836

Capital reduction

6

-

(205,241)

-

119

-

205,122

-

Share based payment reserve

9

-

-

-

-

1,036

-

1,036

Dividend paid

 

-

-

-

-

-

(17,951)

(17,951)

Balance as at 31 December 2018

 

249

-

1

369,514

1,036

206,960

577,760

 

Parent Company Statement of Cash Flows

As at 31 December 2018

 

2018

£'k

2017

£'k

Net cash flow from operating activities

1,208

1,116

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

Expense incurred in issue of share capital

-

(1,116)

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

1,208

-

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

1,208

-

 

1.      Accounting policies

1.1     Basis of preparation

These financial statements present the Sabre Insurance Group plc company financial statements for the period ended 31 December 2017, comprising the parent company statement of financial position, parent company statement of changes in equity, parent company statement of cash flows, and related notes.

The financial statements of the Group have been prepared in accordance and fully comply with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and adopted by the EU. In accordance with the exemption permitted under section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the Company's income statement and related notes have not been presented in these separate financial statements.

The financial statements have been prepared on an historical cost basis, except for investment properties and those financial assets that have been measured at fair value.

The financial statements values are presented in Pounds Sterling (£) rounded to the nearest thousand (£'k), unless otherwise indicated.

The accounting policies that are used in the preparation of these separate financial statements are consistent with the accounting policies used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements of Sabre Insurance Group plc as set out in those financial statements.

As permitted by Section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the statement of comprehensive income of the parent company is not presented.

The additional accounting policies that are specific to the separate financial statements of the Company are set out below.

1.2     Summary of significant accounting policies

(a)     Investment in subsidiaries

Investment in subsidiaries is stated at cost less any impairment.

(b)     Dividend income

Dividend income from investment in subsidiaries is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

2.      Taxation

 

2018
£'k

2017

£'k

Profit/(Loss) before taxation

23,802

(4,047)

Taxation calculated at 19%

4,522

(779)

Effect of:

 

 

Non-taxable income

(4,556)

779

Taxation credit

(34)

-

 

3.      Investments

Investment in subsidiary undertakings

 

2018
£'k

2017

£'k

As at 1 January 2018

576,000

 

Additions

1,037

576,000

As at 31 December 2018

577,037

576,000

 

The subsidiary undertakings of the Company are set out below. Their capital consists of ordinary shares which are unlisted. In all cases, the Company owns 100% of the ordinary shares, either directly or through its ownership of other subsidiaries.

Name of subsidiary

Place of incorporation

Principal activity

Directly held by the Company

 

 

Binomial Group Limited

United Kingdom

Intermediate holding company

Barbados TopCo Limited

Guernsey

Non-trading company

Barb IntermediateCo Limited

Jersey

Non-trading company

Barb MidCo Limited

Jersey

Non-trading company

Barb TopCo Limited

Jersey

Non-trading company

Barb HoldCo Limited

Jersey

Non-trading company

Indirectly held by the Company

 

 

Sabre Insurance Company Limited

United Kingdom

Motor insurance underwriter

 

The registered office of each subsidiary is disclosed within note 32 of the consolidated Group accounts.

 

4.      Debtors

 

2018
£'k

2017

£'k

Due within one year

 

 

Amounts owed by Group undertakings

-

1,870

As at 31 December

-

1,870

 

 

5.      Creditors

 

2018
£'k

2017

£'k

Due within one year

 

 

Amounts owed to Group undertakings

514

-

Trade and other payables

-

7,031

As at 31 December

514

7,031

 

6.      Share capital and reserves

Full details of the share capital and capital reserves of the Company are set out in Note 21 to the consolidated financial statements.

7.      Dividends

Full details of the dividends paid and proposed by the Company are set out in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements.

8.      Related parties

Sabre Insurance Group plc, which is incorporated in England and Wales, is the ultimate parent undertaking of the Sabre Insurance Group
of companies.

The following balances were outstanding with related parties at year end:

Income from related parties

2018
£'k

2017

£'k

Due to Barbados TopCo Limited

481

-

Due to Sabre Insurance Company Limited

32

1,870

As at 31 December

514

1,870

 

The outstanding balance represents cash transactions effected by Sabre Insurance Company Limited on behalf of its parent company and group relief payments due to Barbados TopCo Limited, and will be settled within one year.

9.      Share-based payments

Full details of share-based compensation plans are provided in Note 31 to the consolidated financial statements.

10.    Risk management

The risks faced by the Company, arising from its investment in subsidiaries, are considered to be the same as those presented by the operations of the Group. Details of the key risks and the steps taken to manage them are disclosed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.

11.    Directors and key management remuneration

The Directors and key management of the Group and the Company are the same. The aggregate emoluments of the Directors are set out in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the compensation for key management is set out in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements and the remuneration and pension benefits payable in respect of the highest paid Director are included in the Directors' Remuneration Report in the Governance section of the Annual Report and Accounts.

 


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