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RNS

Final Results

Released 07:00 15-Feb-2019

RNS Number : 0895Q
Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC
15 February 2019
 
 

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc

2018 RBS performance summary

 

RBS reported an operating profit before tax of £3,359 million and an attributable profit of £1,622 million for 2018 and proposes a final ordinary dividend of 3.5 pence per share and a 7.5 pence special dividend.

 

Q4 2018 operating profit before tax of £572 million and an attributable profit of £286 million.

 

Continued track record of delivery

 

Income resilient in a competitive market:

 

Income increased by £269 million, or 2.0%, compared with 2017. Excluding notable items, NatWest Markets and Central items, income was stable.

 

2018 net interest margin of 1.98% decreased by 15 basis points compared with 2017. Q4 2018 net interest margin of 1.95%, or 1.97% excluding one-off items, was 2 basis points higher than Q3 2018.

 

Lower costs through continued transformation and increased digitisation:

 

Compared with 2017, other expenses decreased by £278 million, or 3.6%, excluding one-off VAT releases in 2017, and FTEs reduced by 5.8%.

 

We continue to transition from physical to digital services. 6.4 million customers now regularly use our mobile app, 16% higher than 2017. In UK PBB, total digital sales increased by 19%, representing 45% of all sales. In Commercial Banking, we successfully launched the Bankline mobile app in the Apple app store and our customers can now apply digitally for loans of up to £750,000, the largest value offered by a UK commercial bank, with approximately 50% of loans given a decision in principle in under 24 hours.

 

Stronger capital position:

 

CET1 ratio of 16.2% increased by 30 basis points in 2018 and included: the impact of a £2 billion pre-tax pension contribution; the settlement with the Department of Justice; and full year ordinary and special dividends of £1.6 billion. Excluding these items, the CET1 ratio increased by 240 basis points driven by the profit and reduced RWAs.

 

Active capital management reduced RWAs by £12.2 billion in 2018.

 

RBS achieved a clear pass in the 2018 Bank of England stress test.

 

 

 

Outlook(1)

RBS, like all companies, continues to deal with a range of significant risks and uncertainties in the external economic, political and regulatory environment. Our central economic forecast, which supports our corporate plan, is in line with consensus as at the end of December 2018 and shows average UK GDP growth of around 1.0-2.0% from 2019 to 2023 and continued low interest rates. Given the current uncertainties we will continue to actively monitor and react to market conditions.

 

2019 Outlook

As part of our continued cost savings plans, we expect to incur aggregate strategic costs of around £2.5 billion across 2018 and 2019, with £1.0 billion of this having been incurred during 2018. We plan to reduce operating expenses, excluding strategic costs and conduct and litigation costs, by £300 million in 2019 compared with 2018, excluding one-off items.

 

2018 saw a continuation of the period of benign economic conditions with low defaults and strong cash recoveries. However, the potential impact on the real economy of ongoing political uncertainties and geopolitical tensions could affect our credit loss outcome. As a result, impairments are expected to increase in 2019 but remain below our through-the-cycle loss rate assumption of 30-40 basis points. The threat from single name and sector driven events remains.

 

We expect to end 2019 with risk weighted assets (RWAs) of around £185 - 190 billion as the RWAs associated with Alawwal Bank are expected to reduce by around £5 billion, subject to regulatory approvals relating to the merger and our shareholding.

 

RBS Group (RBSG) capital and funding plans focus on issuing £3-5 billion of MREL-compliant instruments and around £1 billion of Tier 2 instruments. We do not plan to issue AT1 in 2019. As in prior years, we will continue to target other funding sources to diversify our funding structure, including senior secured issuance of £2-3 billion from NatWest Bank. NatWest Markets Plc, as a standalone bank, plans to issue £3-5 billion of term senior unsecured instruments.

 

Medium term outlook

While we remain comfortable with our 2020 target of a return on tangible equity of more than 12%, we recognise our 2020 target of a cost:income ratio of less than 50% is increasingly challenging for the business to achieve with the risk being to the downside. This reflects the ongoing economic and political uncertainty and the additional ongoing costs associated with ring-fencing and Brexit.

 

Our previous guidance on RWAs beyond 2020 was an estimated 10% increase in 2021 relating to Basel 3 amendments, in addition to RWA inflation as a result of IFRS 16, which requires lease obligations to be brought on balance sheet, of £1.3 billion in 2019 and Bank of England mortgage floors of £10.5 billion in 2020. We now expect the overall impact of Basel 3 amendments to be in the range of 5-10% and phased across 2021 to 2023, with the details still subject to significant regulatory uncertainty.

 

RBS Group capital distributions

We propose a 3.5 pence final ordinary dividend and a 7.5 pence special dividend for the 2018 financial year, while maintaining a CET1 ratio of 16.2% as at 31 December 2018.

 

Pro-forma for the introduction of IFRS16 - Leases, the CET1 ratio was 16.0%, with the c.20 basis points reduction reflecting a £1.3 billion increase in RWAs and £0.3 billion charge against reserves.

 

We expect to maintain ordinary dividends of around 40% of attributable profit. We have updated our medium term guidance of CET1 to be approximately 14% at the end of 2021. We have shareholder and regulatory approval to carry out directed buybacks of the UK government stake in RBS, but recognise that any exercise of this authority would be dependant upon HMT's intentions and is limited to 4.99% of issued share capital in any 12 month period. As a reminder, we have also committed to make further pre tax contributions to the pension scheme of up to £1.5 billion in aggregate from 1 January 2020 linked to future distributions to RBS shareholders.

 

NatWest Markets (NWM)

The NWM franchise includes NWM Plc and NWM N.V., both of which are currently direct subsidiaries of RBSG. RBS has previously announced its intention for NWM N.V. to become a subsidiary of NWM Plc following the completion of the sale of the consortium holding in Alawwal. As such, NWM Plc's financial reporting does not currently include NWM N.V.

 

NWM Plc is regulated and discloses capital ratios and RWAs on a standalone bank basis and is targeting by 2020 a CET1 ratio of circa 15%, MREL ratio of at least 30% and a leverage ratio of at least 4%.

 

We plan to transfer our Western Europe corporate business into NWM N.V. from the ring-fenced bank, in addition to the NWM business that is expected to be part of a FSMA Part VII Transfer Scheme from NWM Plc to NWM N.V., subject to court approval and as announced on 6 December 2018. NWM Plc legal entity RWAs are expected to be around £35 billion, NWM N.V. RWAs are expected to be around £8billion with the consolidated NWM franchise position, excluding RWAs related to intercompany positions, expected to be around £39 billion by 2020.

 

Note:

 (1)

The targets, expectations and trends discussed in this section represent RBSG and NWM's management's current expectations and are subject to change, including as a result of the factors described in the "Risk Factors" section on pages 253 to 263 of the RBSG 2018 Annual Report and Accounts and pages 124 to 133 of the NWM 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. These statements constitute forward-looking statements; refer to Forward-looking statements in this document.

 

Business performance summary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

Performance key metrics and ratios

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

Operating profit/(loss) before tax

£3,359m

£2,239m

 

£572m

£961m

(£583m)

Profit/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders

£1,622m

£752m

 

£286m

£448m

(£579m)

Net interest margin

1.98%

2.13%

 

1.95%

1.93%

2.04%

Average interest earning assets

£437bn

£422bn

 

£442bn

£443bn

£431bn

Cost:income ratio (1)

71.7%

79.0%

 

80.5%

66.7%

111.5%

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

  - basic

13.5p

6.3p

 

2.4p

3.7p

(4.9p)

  - basic fully diluted

13.4p

6.3p

 

2.3p

3.7p

(4.9p)

Return on tangible equity

4.8%

2.2%

 

3.5%

5.4%

(6.7%)

Average tangible equity

£33bn

£34bn

 

£33bn

£33bn

£34bn

Average number of ordinary shares

 

 

 

 

 

 

 outstanding during the period (millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

   - basic

12,009 

11,867 

 

12,040 

12,034 

11,944 

  -  fully diluted (2)

12,061 

11,936 

 

12,081 

12,083 

12,003 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

Balance sheet related key metrics and ratios

2018

2018

2017

Total assets

£694.2bn

£719.9bn

£738.1bn

Funded assets

£560.9bn

£587.3bn

£577.2bn

Loans to customers - amortised cost

£305.1bn

£305.8bn

£310.1bn

Impairment provisions (3)

£3.3bn

£3.9bn

£3.8bn

Customer deposits

£360.9bn

£360.6bn

£361.3bn

 

 

 

 

Liquidity coverage ratio (LCR)

158%

158%

152%

Liquidity portfolio

£198bn

£195bn

£186bn

Net stable funding ratio (NSFR) (4)

141%

139%

132%

Loan:deposit ratio (5)

85%

85%

86%

Total wholesale funding

£74bn

£78bn

£70bn

Short-term wholesale funding

£15bn

£14bn

£18bn

 

 

 

 

Common Equity Tier (CET1) ratio

16.2%

16.7%

15.9%

Total capital ratio

21.8%

22.1%

21.3%

Pro forma CET 1 ratio, pre 2018 dividend accrual (6)

16.9%

16.8%

15.9%

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs)

£188.7bn

£194.5bn

£200.9bn

CRR leverage ratio

5.4%

5.4%

5.3%

UK leverage ratio

6.2%

6.3%

6.1%

 

 

 

 

Tangible net asset value (TNAV) per ordinary share

287p

288p

294p

Tangible net asset value (TNAV) per ordinary share - fully diluted

286p

287p

292p

Tangible equity

£34,566m

£34,672m

£35,164m

Number of ordinary shares in issue (millions)

12,049 

12,048 

11,965 

Number of ordinary shares in issue (millions) - fully diluted (2,7)

12,088 

12,091 

12,031 

 

Notes:

(1)

Operating lease depreciation included in income for the year ended 31 December 2018 - £121 million; Q4 2018 - £32 million (year ended 31 December 2017 - £142 million; Q3 2018 - £32 million; Q4 2017 - £35 million).

(2)

Includes the effect of dilutive share options and convertible securities. Dilutive shares on an average basis for Q4 2018 were 41 million shares and for the year ended 31 December 2018 were 52 million shares; (year ended 31 December 2017 - 69 million shares, Q3 2018 - 49 million shares, Q4 2017 - 59 million shares), and as at 31 December 2018 were 39 million shares (30 September 2018 - 43 million shares; 31 December 2017 - 66 million shares).

(3)

31 December and 30 September 2018 prepared under IFRS 9, 31 December 2017 prepared under IAS 39.

(4)

In November 2016, the European Commission published its proposal for NSFR rules within the EU as part of its CRR2 package of regulatory reforms. CRR2 NSFR is expected to become the regulatory requirement in future within the EU and the UK. RBS has changed its policy on the NSFR to align with its interpretation of the CRR2 proposals with effect from 1 January 2018. The pro forma CRR2 NSFR at 31 December 2017 under CRR2 proposals is estimated to be 139%.

(5)

The loan:deposit ratio has been updated following the adoption of IFRS 9 to be based on customer loans and deposits held at amortised cost. Comparatives have been re-presented.

(6)

The pro forma CET 1 ratio at 31 December 2018 excludes a charge of £422 million (3.5p per share) for the final dividend and £904 million (7.5p per share) for the special dividend (30 September 2018 - £120 million (1p per share)) that are reasonably foreseeable dividends.

(7)

Includes 8 million treasury shares (30 September 2018 - 9 million shares; 31 December 2017 - 16 million shares).

 

 

 

Chief Executive's message

 

2018 was a year of strong progress on our strategy - we settled our remaining major legacy issues, paid our first dividend in ten years and delivered another full year bottom line profit. However, while our financial performance is more assured, we know that a significant gap remains to achieving our ambition to be the best bank for customers. We are fully focused on closing this gap.

Today we are reporting a pre-tax operating profit of £3.4 billion and a bottom line attributable profit of £1.6 billion for 2018. In addition, we are pleased to propose a full year ordinary dividend of 3.5 pence per share, and a special dividend of 7.5 pence per share. These are in addition to the ordinary dividend we paid at our interim results. Together, we will have returned £1.6 billion to shareholders, and around £1 billion to the UK taxpayer in dividends. We also have shareholder approval to participate in a directed buyback should the government seek to dispose of a portion of its shares.

 

The UK economy faces a heightened level of uncertainty related to the ongoing Brexit negotiations. We have continued to support our customers, providing £30.4 billion in gross new UK mortgage lending in 2018, and Commercial Banking made or renewed commitments of around £30 billion of term lending facilities to mainly UK businesses. Our Commercial and Business Banking businesses supported total lending of more than £100 billion in 2018.

 

We have also committed an additional £2 billion to our Growth Fund to support British business, taking the total fund to £3 billion. This fund is helping businesses manage their supply chains in what is a very uncertain time. These actions help maintain our position as the largest supporter of UK business.

 

A good financial performance in uncertain economic conditions

Our financial performance is good, given the uncertain economic outlook. In 2018, we continued to take costs out of the business and reduced operating expenses by £278 million. This means that we have now reduced operating costs by more than £4 billion in five years.

 

Our long-term target remains to reach a cost to income ratio of below 50%, however we note that as an industry we are required to carry additional costs to deal with Brexit and the ongoing operational obligations of ring-fencing. Given the continued low rate environment and highly competitive mortgage market, coupled with the uncertainty in the economy, income remains under pressure. We continue to focus on cost reduction to ensure we are preparing our business for the future and to meet our customers and shareholders needs.

 

In 2019, we are committing to reducing our operating costs by c.£300 million. Our consistent delivery on cost targets in recent years gives me the confidence we will achieve this.

 

Our strategic plan has served us well and we will continue to focus on our five key priorities, as set out below, as we strive to become the UK and Republic of Ireland's best bank for customers.

 

Strength and Sustainability

The bank's financial strength is much improved. Our Common Equity Tier 1 ratio has increased from 8.6% at the end of 2013 to 16.2% at the end of 2018. This progress helped us to obtain a clear pass in the 2018 Bank of England stress test - a very important milestone. Alongside our financial strength we have continued to build greater resilience into our systems, helping to protect our customers who are at greater risk of fraud and scams more than ever before. We are the first and only UK bank to partner with National Trading Standards on their Friends Against Scams initiative. More than 31,000 colleagues completed the training in 2018 and we have committed to training a million customers by 2020.

 

Customer Experience

While our financial performance is more assured, we know that a significant gap remains to achieving our ambition to be the best bank for customers. We are very aware that we need to deliver better service, more consistently. The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) results, which now provide the public with a ranking of banks' performance for customers, bring this into sharp focus. With the large major legacy issues behind us, we are putting all of our focus into improving our customer experience. 

 

We are investing in innovation, with £1 billion committed to invest in 2019 aimed at improving legacy systems and delivering better solutions for customers. We continue to develop our mobile app which for NatWest now scores +41 for customer advocacy. Our Commercial Bank, the UK's largest supporter of business, remains ahead of the rest of the market for customer advocacy and in Coutts we have a market leading private banking brand. 

 

Customers want and need to do their banking quickly and safely. When we help them to do this, and combine it with expert advice, we see advocacy scores increase. That is how we are focusing the business, and we are confident the changes we are making will deliver a consistently higher quality of service.    

 

Simplifying the Bank

We are a simpler bank, but we can't yet call ourselves simple to deal with. While we are now more efficient with a lower cost base, as we have shrunk in size, many of our processes are still too difficult for our customers to deal with, and are frustrating for our colleagues as they try to serve our customers. Whether it is booking travel, watching a film or shopping online, customers now expect a fast and reliable service. Banking is no different from any other customer focused industry, and we are responding to those changes in customer behaviour.

 

Our first digital lending journey for Commercial Banking customers is now live. The new platform allows existing customers to apply digitally for secured and unsecured loans up to £750,000, subject to eligibility criteria. Customers are able to complete their loan application in a matter of minutes, and usually get a decision in principle within 24 hours. We have simplified and streamlined the customer experience, giving our customers a rapid response, all the while supported by the vast industry knowledge and insight of our Relationship Managers.

 

We are also embracing artificial intelligence (AI), which is helping us lower our cost base and deliver a 24/7 customer experience . Take Cora for instance -our AI Chat Bot which we launched in partnership with IBM Watson - she now handles an average of 83,000 queries a week. Given the success in the personal business, we have recently rolled out Cora to Commercial Banking.

 

Supporting sustainable growth

Supporting our customers' ambitions is a key part of our role in society. We have focused on growing lending in our target markets. Gross mortgage lending in UK Personal and Business Banking increased £1.5 billion in 2018, and we helped around 45,000 customers buy their first home. Our support doesn't only extend to lending, we now have 12 NatWest accelerators. These hubs make up the UK's largest fully-funded business accelerator network, capable of supporting up to 1,000 entrepreneurs.

 

NatWest Markets continued to support large corporate customers with a range of financing needs in 2018. Our FX team was voted number one for customer satisfaction in the 2017 Greenwich Associates FX Survey and we helped clients raise £312 billion on the debt capital markets.

 

Employee engagement

The turnaround of the bank would not have been possible without the hard work and determination of our colleagues. Over the last four years we have seen a significant reduction in the number of roles across the bank, as a result of divestment and restructuring aligned to our strategy. Despite this activity, colleague engagement is at its highest level since we started measuring in 2002. The independent Banking Standards Board report on culture also showed improvements in every category. Of course, there is always more we can do, and we have set stretching targets as we strive to become a more diverse and inclusive organisation.

 

Innovating and investing to improve customer service

We have taken a dual approach to innovation by transforming our core banking services and delivering new products and services outside of traditional banking. In 2018, we continued to invest in our existing infrastructure, improving system resilience and migrating to latest in cloud technologies. Last year we experienced 19 Criticality 1 Incidents, compared to 318 four years ago.

 

Our customers continued to migrate to our mobile app during 2018. In UK PBB we now have 6.4 million regular mobile customers, 16% higher than 2017. Today close to three quarters of active current account customers in UK PBB are regular digital users. Sales through our digital channels in UK PBB are up 19% on last year and now represent almost half of all product sales. Four years ago this figure would have been 26%.

 

At the same time we are trying new things outside our core banking services. We are piloting Bó and Mettle as two standalone digital banks. Bó is our digital personal bank targeted at helping people to manage their money better. Mettle is our digital bank for business customers.

 

We are learning a lot from these innovations and applying our findings back into the core bank.

 

These innovations complement the wider eco-systems that we want to build around key customer experiences - be it buying a home, or running a business. Building or acquiring complementary services to the core banking services we already offer in these areas will allow us to deepen our relationships with customers, and ultimately grow revenue.

 

2019, a year of focusing forward

In 2019, we will focus forward, into a rapidly changing market. We have set annual goals for 2019 based around our five priorities in order to keep up momentum on the delivery of our strategic plan. There are two areas in particular that we need to focus on - customer experience and simplifying the bank. This year we aim to spend £1 billion on upgrading legacy infrastructure, improving systems, processes and delivering new innovations which will improve our customers' experience. We will simplify the bank further in 2019, given this we have set a operating cost reduction target of c.£300 million for 2019, and continue to strive for a sub 50% cost to income ratio.

 

We have made good progress on making RBS a much simpler, safer and more customer focused bank. From a position of capital strength, we will aim to improve returns for you, our shareholders.

 

 

Building the best bank for customers in the UK and Republic of Ireland

 

Customer Advocacy and Trust Scores

 

Our brands are our main connection with customers. Each takes a clear and differentiated position with the aim of helping us strengthen our relationship with them. For this reason we track customer advocacy for our key brands using the net-promoter score (NPS) - a commonly-used metric in banking and other industries across the world.

 

We know that we still have much to do. Our recent programme of branch closures has had a detrimental impact on NPS.  But we are determined to make a difference with the things that matter most to our customers.  We are listening hard. In 2018, we called a total of over 113,000 customers; either to learn more about feedback that they had already given us, or to respond to issues that they identified. Through fixing our core processes we will get our core service right first time more consistently while at the same time innovating to deliver better solutions.

 

The tables below show NPS and Trust scores for our key brands.

 

Personal Banking

 

Q4 2017

Q1 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

NatWest

12

12

13

12

11

Royal Bank of Scotland

-6

-14

-21

-22

-17

Ulster Bank Northern Ireland

-5

-6

-11

-9

-10

Ulster Bank Republic of Ireland

-7

-5

-7

-6

-6

 

 

Source: Ipsos MORI FRS 6 month rolling data. Latest base sizes: 3,111 for NatWest (England & Wales); 421 for Royal Bank of Scotland (Scotland). Based on the question: "How likely is it that you would recommend (brand) to a relative, friend or colleague in the next 12 months for current account banking?" Base: Claimed main banked current account customers.

Source: Coyne Research 12 month rolling data. Question: "Please indicate to what extent you would be likely to recommend (brand) to your friends or family using a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is not at all likely and 10 is extremely likely".  Latest base sizes: 274 Northern Ireland; 297 Republic of Ireland.   

 

Business Banking

 

Q4 2017

Q1 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

NatWest

-7

-10

-6

-5

-9

Royal Bank of Scotland

-15

-22

-23

-29

-36

 

 

Source: Charterhouse Research Business Banking Survey, YE Q4 2018.  Based on interviews with businesses with an annual turnover up to £2 million. Latest base sizes: 1134 for NatWest (England & Wales), 455 for Royal Bank of Scotland (Scotland). Question: "How likely would you be to recommend (bank)". Base: Claimed main bank. Data weighted by region and turnover to be representative of businesses in Great Britain.

 

Commercial Banking

 

Q4 2017

Q1 2018

Q2 2018

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

NatWest

25

23

22

21

21

Royal Bank of Scotland

21

10

17

21

20

 

 

Source: Charterhouse Research Business Banking Survey, YE Q4 2018.  Based on interviews with businesses with an annual turnover over £2 million. Latest base sizes: 558 for NatWest (England & Wales), 103 for Royal Bank of Scotland (Scotland). Question: "How likely would you be to recommend (bank)". Base: Claimed main bank. Data weighted by region and turnover to be representative of businesses in Great Britain.

 

Trust

We also use independent experts to measure our customers' trust in the bank. Each quarter we ask customers to what extent they trust or distrust their bank to do the right thing. The score is a net measure of those customers that trust their bank (a lot or somewhat) minus those that distrust their bank (a lot or somewhat).

 

 

Q4 2017

Q1 2018

Q2 1208

Q3 2018

Q4 2018

NatWest

57

59

58

64

56

Royal Bank of Scotland

27

15

27

25

27

 

 

Source: Populus. Latest quarter's data. Measured as a net % of those that trust RBS/NatWest to do the right thing, less those that do not. Latest base sizes: 891 for NatWest (England & Wales), 215 for Royal Bank of Scotland (Scotland).

 

 

Summary consolidated income statement for the period ended 31 December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Net interest income

8,656 

8,987 

 

2,176 

2,154 

2,211 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Own credit adjustments

92 

(69)

 

33 

20 

Loss on redemption of own debt

(7)

 

Strategic disposals

347 

 

191 

Other non-interest income

4,654 

3,875 

 

849 

1,468 

646 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-interest income

4,746 

4,146 

 

882 

1,488 

846 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total income

13,402 

13,133 

 

3,058 

3,642 

3,057 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litigation and conduct costs

(1,282)

(1,285)

 

(92)

(389)

(764)

Strategic costs

(1,004)

(1,565)

 

(355)

(299)

(531)

Other expenses

(7,359)

(7,551)

 

(2,022)

(1,753)

(2,111)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

(9,645)

(10,401)

 

(2,469)

(2,441)

(3,406)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) before impairment losses

3,757 

2,732 

 

589 

1,201 

(349)

Impairment losses(1)

(398)

(493)

 

(17)

(240)

(234)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit/(loss) before tax

3,359 

2,239 

 

572 

961 

(583)

Tax (charge)/credit

(1,275)

(824)

 

(136)

(398)

168 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) for the period

2,084 

1,415 

 

436 

563 

(415)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shareholders

1,622 

752 

 

286 

448 

(579)

Other owners

470 

628 

 

164 

93 

150 

Non-controlling interests

(8)

35 

 

(14)

22 

14 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notable items within total income

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS volatility in Central items & other (2)

(59)

 

(25)

77 

(173)

Insurance indemnity

357 

 

85 

272 

of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

  NatWest Markets

165 

 

165 

  Central items & other

192 

 

85 

107 

UK PBB debt sale gain

61 

185 

 

35 

FX losses in Central items & other

(46)

(183)

 

(39)

(11)

(8)

Commercial Banking fair value and disposal gain/(loss)

169 

 

(10)

(13)

(46)

NatWest Markets legacy business disposal (losses)/gains

(86)

(712)

 

(43)

14 

(163)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notable items within expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litigation and conduct costs

(1,282)

(1,285)

 

(92)

(389)

(764)

of which: US RMBS

(823)

(664)

 

(21)

(442)

  of which: DoJ

(1,040)

 

                  Nomura

241 

 

of which: PPI

(200)

(175)

 

(200)

(175)

of which: Ulster Bank RoI

(71)

(169)

 

(17)

(37)

(135)

VAT recovery in Central items & other

86 

 

 

Notes:

(1)

31 December 2018 and 30 September 2018 prepared under IFRS 9, 31 December 2017 prepared under IAS 39. Refer to Note 2 in this document and Note 34 in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts for further information on the impact of IFRS 9 on basis of preparation.

(2)

IFRS volatility relates to loans which are economically hedged but for which hedge accounting is not permitted under IFRS.

 

 

Business performance summary

 

Income statement overview

 

2018 compared with 2017

 

Income 

Total income increased by £269 million, or 2.0%. Excluding notable items, income decreased by £650 million, or 4.8%, primarily reflecting lower NatWest Markets income and reduced net interest income. Excluding notable items, NatWest Markets and Central items, income was stable.

Net interest income decreased by £331 million, or 3.7%, driven by margin pressure, active capital management in Commercial Banking, a reduction in the NatWest Markets legacy business and one-off Central items in 2017. Net interest margin was 15 basis points lower than 2017, or 13 basis points lower excluding one-off items reflecting an 8 basis points reduction relating to increased liquidity, 3 basis points from competitive pressures and 2 basis points from mix impacts. Structural hedges of £159 billion generated £0.9 billion of incremental net interest income for the year, compared with £1.5 billion of incremental net interest income on a balance of £149 billion in 2017.

Non-interest income increased by £600 million, or 14.5%. Excluding notable items, non-interest income decreased by £381 million principally due to lower core NatWest Markets income driven by challenging fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC) market conditions in Q4 2018, together with turbulence in European bond markets earlier in the year.

 

Operating expenses

Operating expenses decreased by £756 million, or 7.3%, primarily reflecting £561 million lower strategic costs and a £192 million reduction in other expenses, with litigation and conduct costs remaining broadly stable despite the US Department of Justice charge in the year. Excluding £86 million of one-off VAT releases in 2017, other expenses decreased by £278 million, or 3.6%, and FTEs reduced by 5.8%.

Strategic costs of £1,004 million included: a £195 million direct charge in NatWest Markets relating to both the wind-down of the legacy business and ongoing development of the core business infrastructure; £177 million in respect of implementing ring-fencing requirements; £171 million of technology  costs; a £133 million charge relating to the reduction in our property portfolio; a £76 million net settlement relating to the International Private Bank pension scheme; with the remaining charge largely relating to restructuring costs to achieve cost efficiencies across front and back office operations.

Litigation and conduct costs of £1,282 million largely comprises the £1,040 million charge relating to the settlement with the Department of Justice and a £200 million charge relating to Payment Protection Insurance, partially offset by a £241 million provision release relating to a RMBS litigation indemnity.

The cost:income ratio of 71.7% is elevated due to the inclusion of the net RMBS related conduct charge. Excluding this item the cost:income ratio, including strategic costs, would be 65.7%.

 

 

Impairments

A net impairment loss of £398 million, 13 basis points of gross customer loans, decreased by £95 million, or 19.3%, compared with 2017 primarily reflecting lower single name charges in Commercial Banking, partially offset by fewer provision releases in UK PBB and NatWest Markets. In addition, we took an additional £101 million charge in Q3 2018 reflecting the more uncertain economic outlook and a net £60 million impairment charge in Ulster Bank RoI principally in relation to ongoing sales from our loan book to further reduce the level of non performing loans. Underlying credit conditions remained benign during 2018.

 

 

 

 

Business performance summary

 

Personal & Business Banking - UK Personal & Business Banking

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended and as at

 

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Total income

 

6,282 

6,477 

 

1,557 

1,564 

1,548 

Operating expenses

 

(3,482)

(3,829)

 

(941)

(959)

(1,266)

Impairment losses

 

(342)

(235)

 

(125)

(70)

(60)

Operating profit

 

2,458 

2,413 

 

491 

535 

222 

Return on equity

 

24.3%

23.7%

 

18.6%

20.9%

7.8%

Net interest margin

 

2.78%

2.86%

 

2.73%

2.76%

2.76%

 

 

 

 

 

£bn

£bn

£bn

Net loans to customers (amortised cost)

 

 

 

 

162.3 

163.2 

161.7 

Customer deposits

 

 

 

 

184.1 

183.4 

180.4 

RWAs

 

 

 

 

45.1 

45.4 

43.0 

 

 

2018 compared with 2017

UK PBB now has 6.4 million regular mobile app users, 16% higher than 2017, with 72% of our active current account customers being regular digital users. Total digital sales increased by 19% representing 45% of all sales. 61% of mortgage switching is now done digitally, compared with 51% in 2017. 57% of personal unsecured loans sales are via the digital channel, with digital volumes 31% higher. In business banking, 91% of current accounts and 68% of loans under £50,000 were originated digitally.

Total income was £195 million, or 3.0%, lower reflecting £124 million lower debt sale gains and a £33 million transfer of the Collective Investment Funds business to Private Banking in Q4 2017. Excluding these items, income was £38 million, or 0.6%, lower, including a £28 million reduction in overdraft fees following changes implemented in H2 2017, which included increasing the number of customer alerts. Net interest income of £5,098 million decreased by 0.6% as balance growth and deposit margin benefits were offset by lower mortgage new business margins, with net interest margin down by 8 basis points to 2.78%.

Operating expenses decreased by £347 million, or 9.1%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £167 million, or 5.3%, lower driven by reduced back-office operations costs and lower headcount reflecting continued operating efficiencies, partially offset by increased technology investment spend as we continue to build our digital capability.

Impairments were £107 million higher driven by fewer provision releases and lower recoveries following debt sales in prior years, as well as increased provision requirements under IFRS 9. The underlying default rate remained broadly stable with asset growth also accounting for an element of the uplift.

Net loans to customers increased by 0.4% to £162.3 billion. The business has maintained a prudent approach to risk and pricing in a very competitive market, with gross new mortgage lending in 2018 at £30.4 billion, 1.9% lower than 2017. Mortgage market share was maintained at 11.3% supporting a stock share of around 10%. Momentum continued in personal advances and business banking, increasing by 7.0% and 0.4% respectively.

Customer deposits increased by £3.7 billion, or 2.1%, as growth continued across current accounts and savings.

RWAs increased by £2.1 billion, or 4.9%, principally due to modelling changes on mortgages and unsecured loans.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018

Total income decreased by £7 million primarily due to a charge of £18 million following an annual review of mortgage customer repayment behaviour and lower seasonal debit and credit card fee income, partially offset by a debt sale gain of £35 million. Net interest margin was 3 basis points lower principally due to the mortgage customer repayment behaviour charge. Excluding this charge, net interest margin increased as the benefit of the August base rate rise on deposit margins flowed through.

Operating expenses decreased by £18 million. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses increased by £111 million, including the annual UK bank levy charge of £54 million.

Impairments were £55 million higher primarily driven by a debt sale benefit in Q3 2018 and updates in IFRS 9 predictive loss models in Q4 2018.

Gross new mortgage lending was £8.6 billion with market share of new mortgages at approximately 12% and mortgage approval share at 14%. 

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017

Total income was £9 million higher driven by increased debt sale gains of £26 million, partially offset by lower overdraft fees and mortgage margin pressure.

Operating expenses decreased by £325 million, or 25.7%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £7 million, or 0.9%, higher due to a £21 million increase in the annual bank levy charge, partially offset by reduced headcount reflecting continued operating efficiencies.

 

Business performance summary

 

 

Personal & Business Banking - Ulster Bank RoI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended and as at

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

€m

€m

 

€m

€m

€m

Total income

689 

689 

 

165 

169 

182 

Operating expenses

(657)

(772)

 

(184)

(188)

(289)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(17)

(68)

 

21 

(68)

(92)

Operating profit/(loss)

15 

(151)

 

(87)

(199)

Return on equity

0.5%

(5.0%)

 

0.4%

(12.7%)

(26.5%)

Net interest margin

1.79%

1.67%

 

1.73%

1.72%

1.76%

 

 

 

 

€bn

€bn

€bn

Net loans to customers (amortised cost)

 

 

 

21.0 

21.6 

22.0 

Customer deposits

 

 

 

20.1 

20.1 

19.1 

RWAs

 

 

 

16.4 

18.6 

20.2 

 

2018 compared with 2017

Ulster Bank RoI continued to strengthen its digital proposition in 2018 through enhancements to digital and mobile customer offerings.  69% of our active personal current account customers are choosing to bank with us through digital channels. A faster, more convenient and secure digital application experience was introduced for customers who are applying for current accounts and personal loans and further enhancements were made to the mobile app during the year. Mobile payments and transfers increased 36% compared with 2017, reflecting the continued customer migration from physical to digital channels.

Total income was in line with 2017. Net interest income increased by €22 million, or 4.6%, supporting a 12 basis point increase in net interest margin, primarily driven by an improving asset mix, lower cost of deposits and a one-off funding benefit in 2018, partially offset by a reduction in income on free funds. Non-interest income decreased by €22 million, or 10.5%, principally due to a lower number of non-recurring benefits and a reduction in fee income.

Operating expenses decreased by €115 million, or 14.9%, principally due to a €113 million reduction in litigation and conduct costs and €39 million lower strategic costs. 2018 included a €79 million conduct and litigation provision for customer remediation and project costs associated with legacy business issues. Other expenses increased by €37 million primarily reflecting: the investment made into strengthening the risk, compliance and control environment; increased bank levies and regulatory fees; and higher spend on technology and innovation.

A net impairment charge of €17 million reflects a charge associated with a non-performing loan sale partially offset by observable improvements in the performance of the loan portfolio.

Net loans to customers reduced by €1.0 billion, or 4.5%, principally reflecting the sale of a portfolio of non-performing loans of €0.6 billion in 2018 and a continued reduction in the tracker mortgage book.

Customer deposits increased by €1.0 billion, or 5.2%, supporting a reduction in the loan:deposit ratio to 105% from 115%.

RWAs reduced by €3.8 billion, or 18.8%, principally reflecting the impact of the non-performing loan sale and an improvement in credit metrics.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018

Total income decreased by €4 million primarily due to a reduction in income associated with the non-performing loan portfolio and reduced fee income.

A net impairment release of €21 million in Q4 2018 compared to a €68 million impairment charge in Q3 2018, principally due to a provision made in Q3 2018 for a further non-performing loan sale.

RWAs reduced by €2.2 billion primarily driven by the sale of a portfolio of non-performing loans.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017

Total income decreased by €17 million, or 9.3%, reflecting a one off income benefit in Q4 2017 and a reduction in income from free funds in Q4 2018. Net interest margin decreased by 3 basis points, primarily driven by a decrease in income associated with non-performing loans.

Total operating expenses decreased by €105 million, or 36.3%, principally due to a €134 million reduction in litigation and conduct costs, partially offset by a €14 million increase in strategic costs primarily associated with our property strategy. Q4 2018 included a €19 million conduct and litigation provision for customer remediation and project costs associated with legacy business issues.

 

 

Business performance summary

 

Commercial & Private Banking - Commercial Banking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Total income

 

3,374 

3,484 

 

805 

789 

806 

Operating expenses

 

(1,872)

(2,014)

 

(580)

(443)

(575)

Impairment losses

(144)

(362)

 

(22)

(103)

(117)

Operating profit

 

1,358 

1,108 

 

203 

243 

114 

Return on equity

 

10.2%

6.6%

 

5.5%

6.6%

1.3%

Net interest margin

 

1.67%

1.74%

 

1.66%

1.71%

1.75%

 

 

 

 

 

£bn

£bn

£bn

 

 

88.0 

88.3 

96.9 

Customer deposits

 

 

 

 

95.6 

96.4 

98.0 

RWAs

 

 

 

 

67.6 

69.0 

71.8 

 

Comparisons with prior periods are impacted by preparations for ring-fencing, including the transfer of shipping and other activities from NatWest Markets, the transfer of whole business securitisations and Relevant Financial Institutions and other activities to NatWest Markets and the transfer of the funds and trustee depositary business to RBS International. The net impact of transfers on 2017 would have been to reduce income by £246 million, operating expenses by £10 million, impairments by £72 million, net loans to customers by £5.3 billion, customer deposits by £1.2 billion and RWAs by £2.2 billion. There is an additional £1.4 billion reduction in 2017 net loans to customers as a result of 2018 asset reclassifications under IFRS9. The net impact of transfers on Q4 2017 would have been to reduce income by £39 million and operating expenses by £4 million. The net impact of transfers on Q3 2018 would have been to reduce income by £2 million, operating expenses by £1 million, net loans to customers by £0.6 billion, customer deposits by £0.7 billion and RWAs by £0.1 billion. The variances in the commentary below have been adjusted for the impact of these items excluding net interest margin.

 

2018 compared with 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Approximately 85% of customers now interact with Commercial Banking digitally and we have developed solutions they value. We successfully launched the Bankline mobile app in the Apple app store, whilst our lending journey now enables customers to apply digitally for loans of up to £750,000 through a self-service application process. This is the largest value offered by a UK commercial bank, giving customers rapid, digital access to funding decisions, with approximately 50% of loan applications given a decision in principle in under 24 hours.

Total income increased by £136 million, or 4.2%, reflecting asset disposal and fair value gains of £169 million, compared with a £64 million loss in 2017, partially offset by lower lending. Net interest margin decreased by 7 basis points to 1.67% primarily reflecting reclassification of net interest income to non-interest income under IFRS 9, the impact of transfers and asset margin compression, partially offset by higher funding benefits from deposit balances.

Operating expenses decreased by £132 million, or 6.6%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £79 million, or 4.4%, lower reflecting continued operating model simplification.

Impairments decreased by £146 million, or 50.3%, mainly reflecting lower single name charges.

Net loans to customers decreased by £2.2 billion, or 2.4%, principally driven by significant active capital management reductions, with underlying lending growth of £3.5 billion, or 3.8%. At Q3 2018, we announced an additional £2 billion of growth funding to help British businesses prepare for the Brexit transition, bringing the total commitment to £3 billion.

Customer deposits decreased by £1.2 billion, or 1.2%, supporting a broadly stable loan:deposit ratio of 92%.

RWAs decreased by £2.0 billion, or 2.9%, driven by £10.5 billion gross RWA reductions associated with active capital management, partially offset by model updates of £2.9 billion, underlying business growth and partial reinvestment of gross RWA reductions through refinancing to existing clients under our revised pricing framework.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Total income increased by £18 million primarily reflecting higher fee income and lower fair value and disposal losses in the quarter. Net interest margin decreased by 5 basis points to 1.66% principally due to a higher liquidity buffer costs and coupon payments associated with active capital management.

Operating expenses increased by £138 million. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £94 million higher, including the annual UK bank levy charge of £59 million.

Net loans to customers increased by £0.3 billion principally due to underlying lending growth, partially offset by reductions associated with the net impact of capital management.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Total income increased by £38 million, or 4.9%, reflecting lower asset disposal and fair value losses.

Operating expenses increased by £9 million, or 1.6%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £13 million, or 2.6%, lower driven by lower staff costs.

 

Business performance summary

 

Commercial & Private Banking - Private Banking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Total income

 

775 

678 

 

198 

195 

191 

Operating expenses

 

(478)

(529)

 

(143)

(110)

(194)

Impairment releases/(losses)

 

(6)

 

(1)

(2)

Operating profit/(loss)

 

303 

143 

 

63 

84 

(5)

Return on equity

 

15.4%

6.4%

 

12.3%

17.3%

(2.9%)

Net interest margin

 

2.52%

2.47%

 

2.49%

2.54%

2.44%

 

 

 

 

 

£bn

£bn

£bn

Net loans to customers (amortised cost)

 

 

 

 

14.3 

14.2 

13.5 

Customer deposits

 

 

 

 

28.4 

27.2 

26.9 

RWAs

 

 

 

 

9.4 

9.5 

9.1 

AUM

 

 

 

 

19.8 

21.8 

21.5 

 

Comparisons with prior periods are impacted by the transfer of the Collective Investment Fund business from UK PBB and by the transfers of Coutts Crown Dependency and the International Client Group Jersey to RBS International. The net impact of the transfers on 2017 would have been to increase income by £24 million and operating expenses by £15 million and reduce net loans to customers by £0.1 billion, customer deposits by £0.5 billion and assets under management by £0.7 billion. The variances in the commentary below have been adjusted for the impact of these transfers excluding net interest margin.

 

2018 compared with 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Approximately 60% of clients bank with us digitally and 94% of clients positively rate our Coutts24 telephony service. Private Banking also recently launched Coutts Connect, a social platform which allows clients to network and build working relationships with one another.

Total income increased by £73 million, or 10.4%, largely due to increased lending, higher funding benefits from deposit balances and higher investment income. Net interest margin increased by 5 basis points as higher deposit income was partially offset by asset margin pressure.

Operating expenses decreased by £66 million, or 12.1%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses decreased by £4 million, or 0.8% driven by operating model efficiencies.

A net impairment release of £6 million largely reflects a £9m release in Q4 2018 due to data quality improvements.

Net loans to customers increased by £0.9 billion, or 6.7%, primarily in mortgages.

Customer deposits increased by £2.0 billion, or 7.6%, mainly due to higher personal client account balances.

Assets under management decreased by £1.0 billion, or 4.8%, reflecting market movements partially offset by new business inflows of £0.6 billion.

Private Banking manages a further £6.7 billion of assets under management on behalf of RBS Group which sit outside of Private Banking. Total assets under management overseen by Private Banking have decreased by 5.7% to £26.5 billion as a result of market movements partially offset by net new business.

RWAs increased by £0.3 billion, or 3.3%, relative to 6.7% growth in net loans to customers.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018

Total income was broadly stable at £198 million, reflecting higher deposit income offset by asset margin pressure and lower assets under management. Net interest margin decreased by 5 basis points to 2.49% reflecting higher funding costs.

Operating expenses increased by £33 million. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses increased by £26 million, including the annual UK bank levy charge of £18 million.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017

Total income was £7 million higher reflecting lending growth and higher funding benefits from deposit balances, partially offset by asset margin pressure.

Operating expenses decreased by £51 million, or 26.3%. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses increased by £6 million, or 4.7%.

 

 

Business performance summary

 

RBS International

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Total income

 

594 

389 

 

155 

155 

97 

Operating expenses

 

(260)

(219)

 

(86)

(60)

(66)

Impairment releases/(losses)

 

(3)

 

(3)

--

Operating profit

 

336 

167 

 

71 

92 

31 

Return on equity

 

24.4%

11.2%

 

20.0%

26.9%

9.2%

Net interest margin

 

1.71%

1.36%

 

1.81%

1.73%

1.34%

 

 

 

 

 

£bn

£bn

£bn

Net loans to customers (amortised costs)

 

 

 

 

13.3 

13.0 

8.7 

Customer deposits

 

 

 

 

27.5 

26.9 

28.9 

RWAs

 

 

 

 

6.9 

6.9 

5.1 

 

Comparisons with prior periods are impacted by the transfer of the funds and trustee depositary business from Commercial Banking and by the transfers of Coutts Crown Dependency and the International Client Group from Private Banking. The net impact of the transfers on 2017 would have been to increase income by £151 million, operating expenses by £14 million, net loans to customers by £4.5 billion, customer deposits by £1.7 billion and RWAs by £1.9 billion. The net impact of transfers on Q3 2018 would have been to increase deposits by £0.7 billion. The net impact of the transfers on Q4 2017 would have been to increase income by £37 million and operating expenses by £4 million. The variances in the commentary below have been adjusted for the impact of these transfers excluding net interest margin.

 

2018 compared with 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

The RBS International mobile app has been further developed to include new functionality, allowing customers to manage their finances more effectively and has 67 thousand users, an increase of 23% from 2017. 71% of wholesale customer payments are now processed using our newly introduced international banking platform, making the payments process simpler for customers.

Total income increased by £54 million, or 10.0%, largely driven by deposit margin benefits. Institutional Banking contributed 62% to income in 2018, with Local Banking contributing 32% and Depositary Services 6%. Net interest margin increased by 35 basis points primarily driven by the impact of transfers and a change in product mix.

Operating expenses increased by £27 million, or 11.6%, due to £39 million higher back-office costs associated with becoming a non ring-fenced bank and £5 million of remediation costs, partially offset by lower conduct and litigation costs.

Impairments decreased by £5 million reflecting a number of small releases and improvements in underlying lending quality.

Net loans to customers remained broadly stable at £13.3 billion and are split: £9.2 billion within Institutional Banking, of which £2.2 billion relates to real estate exposures; and £4.1 billion in Local Banking, of which £2.7 billion relates to mortgages.

Customer deposits decreased by £3.1 billion reflecting a large inflow of short term placements in Institutional Banking in 2017. Customer deposits represent RBS International's primary funding source and are split: £18.1 billion Institutional Banking and £9.4 billion Local Banking.

RWAs decreased by £0.1 billion, or 1.4%, with model updates offset by business movements.

During 2018, we repositioned our balance sheet so that excess funds previously placed with RBS Group are now deployed into funding customer assets in our new London branch. We have also established a liquidity portfolio across central and correspondent banks and sovereign bond holdings. These changes provide continuity for our customers and support compliance with incoming Basel III Liquidity Coverage Ratio rules.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Total income was broadly stable as an increase in deposit income of £3 million was offset by a reduction in income resulting from placing excess funding with central banks. Net interest margin of 1.81% includes a one-off benefit, and in addition we would expect higher funding costs in 2019 as we reposition our balance sheet as outlined above.

Operating expenses were £26 million higher principally due to the annual UK bank levy charge of £18 million and increased remediation spend.

Net loans to customers increased by £0.2 billion and customer deposits decreased by £0.1 billion reflecting reductions in Institutional Banking.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

Total income increased by £21 million, or 15.6%, driven by deposit margin benefits.

Operating expenses increased by £16 million, or 22.9%, due to higher back-office costs associated with becoming a non ring-fenced bank and increased remediation costs.

 

 

Business performance summary

 

NatWest Markets(1)

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended and as at

 

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Total income

 

1,442  

1,050  

 

152  

569  

200  

Operating expenses

 

(1,604)

(2,201)

 

(455)

(478)

(583)

Impairment releases/(losses)

 

92  

174  

 

100  

(4)

26  

Operating (loss)/profit

 

(70)

(977)

 

(203)

87  

(357)

Return on equity

 

(2.0%)

(9.0%)

 

(9.2%)

1.8%

(14.0%)

 

 

 

 

 

£bn

£bn

£bn

Funded assets

 

 

 

 

111.4  

120.9  

118.7  

RWAs

 

 

 

 

44.9  

46.5  

52.9  

Note:

(1)

 

The NatWest Markets operating segment should not be assumed to be the same as the NatWest Markets Plc legal entity or group. Refer to page 2 for further details on the outlook for NatWest Markets Plc.

 

Comparisons with prior periods are impacted by the transfer of shipping and other activities to Commercial Banking and the transfer of whole business securitisations and Relevant Financial Institutions from Commercial Banking in preparation for ring-fencing. The net impact of the transfers on 2017 would have been to increase income by £104 million, reduce operating expenses by £2 million, reduce the net release of impairments by £72 million and increase funded assets by £1.3 billion and RWAs by £0.4 billion. The variances in the full year commentary below have been adjusted for the impact of these transfers.

 

2018 compared with 2017 (comparisons adjusted for transfers)

NatWest Markets continues to focus on customer service and is increasingly using technology to enhance the way it provides innovative financial solutions to its customers and partners. For example, FXmicropay makes it simpler for businesses operating globally to accept payments in multiple currencies, reducing costs and increasing revenues for our customers. Our success in harnessing technology has been recognised with two awards: Best in Service Globally among Corporates for Algorithmic trading in the 2018 Euromoney FX Survey and Best Order Management award in the Profit & Loss 2018 Digital FX Awards.

Total income increased by £288 million, or 25.0%, primarily reflecting lower disposal losses in the legacy business and a £165 million indemnity insurance recovery, partially offset by lower income in the core business. The reduction in the core business was driven by challenging fixed income, currencies and commodities (FICC) market conditions in Q4 2018, together with turbulence in European bond markets earlier in the year.

Operating expenses decreased by £595 million, or 27.1%. This reflects reductions in other expenses across both the core and legacy businesses, down £313 million to £1,213 million, lower strategic costs, down £198 million to £238 million, and reduced litigation and conduct costs, down £84 million to £153 million.

The net impairment release decreased by £10 million to £92 million reflecting a lower level of legacy releases.

Funded assets decreased by £8.6 billion, or 7.2%, reflecting the wind down of the legacy business.

RWAs decreased by £8.4 billion to £44.9 billion, including RWAs for Alawwal bank of £5.9 billion. The decrease was driven by the legacy business, down £7.1 billion, in addition to reductions in the core business.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q3 2018

Total income decreased by £417 million, primarily reflecting legacy disposal losses of £43 million in the quarter compared to the prior quarter that included a £165 million indemnity insurance recovery, and the impact of challenging FICC market conditions in the core business.

Operating expenses decreased by £23 million principally due to lower litigation and conduct costs, partially offset by the annual UK bank levy charge of £27 million.

The net impairment release of £100 million was driven by a small number of one-off releases.

RWAs decreased by £1.6 billion driven by reductions in the core business.

 

Q4 2018 compared with Q4 2017

Total income decreased by £48 million, or 24.0%, primarily reflecting lower income in the core business driven by the challenging FICC market conditions in Q4 2018.

Operating expenses decreased by £128 million principally reflecting reductions in both the core and legacy businesses and lower strategic and litigation and conduct costs.

 

Central items & other

Central items not allocated represented a charge of £1,038 million in 2018, largely comprises the £1,040 million charge relating to the civil settlement with the US Department of Justice and £333m of strategic costs, partially offset by a £241 million provision release relating to an RMBS litigation indemnity and indemnity insurance recoveries of £192 million.

 

 

 

 

Business performance summary

 

 

 

 

 

 

End-point CRR basis

 

31 December 

30 September 

31 December 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

Risk asset ratios

 

 

 

 

CET1

16.2 

16.7 

15.9 

Tier 1

18.4 

18.8 

17.9 

Total

21.8 

22.1 

21.3 

 

 

 

 

Capital

£m

£m

£m

Tangible equity

34,566 

34,672 

35,164 

 

 

 

 

Expected loss less impairment provisions

(654)

(606)

(1,286)

Prudential valuation adjustment

(494)

(574)

(496)

Deferred tax assets

(740)

(731)

(849)

Own credit adjustments

(405)

(264)

(90)

Pension fund assets

(394)

(283)

(287)

Cash flow hedging reserve

191 

370 

(227)

Foreseeable ordinary and special dividends

(1,326)

(120)

-

Other adjustments for regulatory purposes

(105)

(9)

28 

 

 

 

 

Total deductions

(3,927)

(2,217)

(3,207)

CET1 capital

30,639 

32,455 

31,957 

AT1 capital

4,051 

4,051 

4,041 

Tier 1 capital

34,690 

36,506 

35,998 

Tier 2 capital

6,483 

6,455 

6,765 

 

 

 

 

Total regulatory capital

41,173 

42,961 

42,763 

 

 

 

 

Risk-weighted assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credit risk

137,900 

142,500 

144,700 

Counterparty credit risk

13,600 

14,100 

15,400 

Market risk

14,800 

15,500 

17,000 

Operational risk

22,400 

22,400 

23,800 

 

 

 

 

Total RWAs

188,700 

194,500 

200,900 

 

 

 

 

Leverage (1)

 

 

 

Cash and balances at central banks

88,900 

106,500 

98,300 

Trading assets

75,100 

82,500 

86,000 

Derivatives

133,300 

132,600 

160,800 

Net loans to customers

318,000 

317,700 

321,600 

Other assets

78,900 

80,600 

71,400 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

694,200 

719,900 

738,100 

Derivatives

 

 

 

  - netting and variation margin

(141,300)

(136,900)

(161,700)

  - potential future exposures

42,100 

42,700 

49,400 

Securities financing transactions gross up

2,100 

1,700 

2,300 

Undrawn commitments

50,300 

49,500 

53,100 

Regulatory deductions and other adjustments

(2,900)

(700)

(2,100)

 

 

 

 

CRR Leverage exposure

644,500 

676,200 

679,100 

 

 

 

 

CRR leverage ratio%

5.4 

5.4 

5.3 

 

 

 

 

UK leverage exposure (2)

559,500 

580,300 

587,100 

 

 

 

 

UK leverage ratio% (2)

6.2 

6.3 

6.1 

 

Notes:

(1)

Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and leverage exposure under the CRR Delegated Act.

(2)

Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and UK leverage exposures reflecting the post EU referendum measures announced by the Bank of England in the third quarter of 2016.

 

 

Segment performance

 

Year ended 31 December 2018

PBB

 

CPB

 

 

 

Central

 

 

 

Ulster

 

Commercial

Private

RBS

 

NatWest

 items &

Total

 

UK PBB

Bank RoI

 

Banking

Banking

International

 

Markets

other (1)

RBS

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

5,098 

444 

 

2,040 

518 

466 

 

112 

(22)

8,656 

Other non-interest income

1,184 

166 

 

1,334 

257 

128 

 

1,238 

347 

4,654 

Own credit adjustments

 

 

92 

92 

Total income

6,282 

610 

 

3,374 

775 

594 

 

1,442 

325 

13,402 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(890)

(202)

 

(547)

(161)

(102)

 

(557)

(1,190)

(3,649)

                           - other costs

(300)

(103)

 

(221)

(66)

(67)

 

(241)

(2,712)

(3,710)

Indirect expenses

(1,801)

(185)

 

(957)

(229)

(91)

 

(415)

3,678 

Strategic costs  - direct

(54)

(2)

 

(20)

(3)

 

(195)

(730)

(1,004)

                          - indirect

(221)

(20)

 

(86)

(21)

(6)

 

(43)

397 

Litigation and conduct costs

(216)

(71)

 

(41)

(1)

 

(153)

(809)

(1,282)

Operating expenses

(3,482)

(583)

 

(1,872)

(478)

(260)

 

(1,604)

(1,366)

(9,645)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

2,800 

27 

 

1,502 

297 

334 

 

(162)

(1,041)

3,757 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(342)

(15)

 

(144)

 

92 

(398)

Operating profit/(loss)

2,458 

12 

 

1,358 

303 

336 

 

(70)

(1,038)

3,359 

Additional information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on equity (2)

24.3%

0.5%

 

10.2%

15.4%

24.4%

 

(2.0%)

nm

4.8%

Cost:income ratio (3)

55.4%

95.6%

 

53.8%

61.7%

43.8%

 

111.2%

nm

71.7%

Loan impairment rate

0.21%

0.08%

 

0.16%

nm

nm

 

nm

nm

0.13%

Net interest margin

2.78%

1.79%

 

1.67%

2.52%

1.71%

 

0.40%

nm

1.98%

Third party customer asset rate (4)

3.40%

2.41%

 

2.87%

2.89%

2.15%

 

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.30%)

(0.20%)

 

(0.36%)

(0.25%)

(0.09%)

 

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

183.6 

24.8 

 

122.4 

20.5 

27.3 

 

27.9 

30.4 

436.9 

Total assets (£bn)

194.2 

25.2 

 

143.2 

22.0 

28.4 

 

244.5 

36.7 

694.2 

Funded assets (£bn)

194.2 

25.2 

 

143.2 

22.0 

28.4 

 

111.4 

36.5 

560.9 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

162.3 

18.8 

 

88.0 

14.3 

13.3 

 

8.4 

305.1 

Impairment provisions (£bn)(5)

(1.4)

(0.8)

 

(1.0)

nm

nm

 

(0.1)

(3.3)

Customer deposits (£bn)

184.1 

18.0 

 

95.6 

28.4 

27.5 

 

2.6 

4.7 

360.9 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

45.1 

14.7 

 

67.6 

9.4 

6.9 

 

44.9 

0.1 

188.7 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

46.6 

14.7 

 

68.6 

9.5 

6.9 

 

50.0 

0.2 

196.5 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands) (6)

24.1 

3.1 

 

7.9 

1.9 

1.7 

 

4.8 

23.6 

67.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the notes to this table, refer to page 21. nm = not meaningful

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment performance

 

Year ended 31 December 2017

PBB

 

CPB

 

 

 

Central

 

 

 

Ulster

 

Commercial

Private

RBS

 

NatWest

 items &

Total

 

UK PBB

Bank RoI

 

Banking

Banking

International

 

Markets

other (1)

RBS

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

5,130 

421 

 

2,286 

464 

325 

 

203 

158 

8,987 

Other non-interest income

1,347 

186 

 

1,198 

214 

64 

 

887 

(21)

3,875 

Own credit adjustments

(3)

 

 

(66)

(69)

Loss on redemption of own debt

 

 

(7)

(7)

Strategic disposals

 

 

26 

321 

347 

Total income

6,477 

604 

 

3,484 

678 

389 

 

1,050 

451 

13,133 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(773)

(191)

 

(467)

(145)

(61)

 

(677)

(1,609)

(3,923)

                           - other costs

(259)

(66)

 

(232)

(32)

(25)

 

(287)

(2,727)

(3,628)

Indirect expenses

(2,126)

(194)

 

(1,115)

(268)

(116)

 

(564)

4,383 

Strategic costs  - direct

(79)

(27)

 

(48)

(20)

(5)

 

(319)

(1,067)

(1,565)

                         - indirect

(382)

(29)

 

(119)

(25)

(4)

 

(117)

676 

Litigation and conduct costs

(210)

(169)

 

(33)

(39)

(8)

 

(237)

(589)

(1,285)

Operating expenses

(3,829)

(676)

 

(2,014)

(529)

(219)

 

(2,201)

(933)

(10,401)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

2,648 

(72)

 

1,470 

149 

170 

 

(1,151)

(482)

2,732 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(235)

(60)

 

(362)

(6)

(3)

 

174 

(1)

(493)

Operating profit/(loss)

2,413 

(132)

 

1,108 

143 

167 

 

(977)

(483)

2,239 

Additional information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on equity (2)

23.7%

(5.0%)

 

6.6%

6.4%

11.2%

 

(9.0%)

nm

2.2%

Cost:income ratio (3)

59.1%

111.9%

 

56.0%

78.0%

56.3%

 

nm

nm

79.0%

Loan impairment rate

0.14%

0.29%

 

0.37%

nm

nm

 

nm

nm

0.16%

Net interest margin

2.86%

1.67%

 

1.74%

2.47%

1.36%

 

0.65%

nm

2.13%

Third party customer asset rate (4)

3.47%

2.38%

 

2.73%

2.71%

2.71%

 

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.16%)

(0.31%)

 

(0.15%)

(0.09%)

(0.02%)

 

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

179.5 

25.2 

 

131.2 

18.8 

23.9 

 

31.2 

12.5 

422.3 

Total assets (£bn)

190.6 

24.6 

 

149.5 

20.3 

25.9 

 

277.9 

49.3 

738.1 

Funded assets (£bn)

190.6 

24.5 

 

149.5 

20.3 

25.9 

 

118.7 

47.7 

577.2 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

161.7 

19.5 

 

96.9 

13.5 

8.7 

 

9.7 

0.1 

310.1 

Impairment provisions (£bn) (5)

(1.3)

(1.1)

 

(1.2)

 

(0.2)

(3.8)

Customer deposits (£bn)

180.4 

16.9 

 

98.0 

26.9 

28.9 

 

3.3 

6.9 

361.3 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

43.0 

18.0 

 

71.8 

9.1 

5.1 

 

52.9 

1.0 

200.9 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

46.7 

18.9 

 

76.8 

9.1 

5.2 

 

56.4 

1.1 

214.2 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands) (6)

19.8 

2.7 

 

4.6 

1.5 

1.6 

 

5.7 

35.3 

71.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the notes to this table, refer to page 21. nm = not meaningful

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment performance

 

Quarter ended 31 December 2018

 

PBB

 

CPB

 

 

 

Central

 

 

 

Ulster

 

Commercial

Private

RBS

 

NatWest

items &

Total

 

UK PBB

Bank RoI

 

Banking

Banking

International

 

Markets

other (1)

RBS

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

1,267 

110 

 

518 

133 

123 

 

30 

(5)

2,176 

Other non-interest income

290 

37 

 

287 

65 

32 

 

89 

49 

849 

Own credit adjustments

 

 

33 

33 

Total income

1,557 

147 

 

805 

198 

155 

 

152 

44 

3,058 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(208)

(53)

 

(143)

(39)

(25)

 

(128)

(263)

(859)

                           - other costs

(93)

(27)

 

(64)

(22)

(22)

 

(65)

(870)

(1,163)

Indirect expenses

(522)

(52)

 

(295)

(72)

(35)

 

(123)

1,099 

Strategic costs - direct

(28)

(3)

 

(4)

(1)

 

(89)

(230)

(355)

                         - indirect

(84)

(12)

 

(36)

(10)

(2)

 

(22)

166 

Litigation and conduct costs

(6)

(17)

 

(38)

(1)

 

(28)

(2)

(92)

Operating expenses

(941)

(164)

 

(580)

(143)

(86)

 

(455)

(100)

(2,469)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

616 

(17)

 

225 

55 

69 

 

(303)

(56)

589 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(125)

19 

 

(22)

 

100 

(17)

Operating profit/(loss)

491 

 

203 

63 

71 

 

(203)

(55)

572 

Additional information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on equity (2)

18.6%

0.4%

 

5.5%

12.3%

20.0%

 

(9.2%)

nm

3.5%

Cost:income ratio (3)

60.4%

111.6%

 

70.9%

72.2%

55.5%

 

nm

nm

80.5%

Loan impairment rate

0.31%

(0.39%)

 

0.10%

nm

nm

 

nm

nm

0.02%

Net interest margin

2.73%

1.73%

 

1.66%

2.49%

1.81%

 

0.39%

nm

1.95%

Third party customer asset rate (4)

3.39%

2.43%

 

3.06%

2.94%

1.73%

 

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.35%)

(0.18%)

 

(0.50%)

(0.38%)

(0.08%)

 

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

184.2 

25.2 

 

124.2 

21.2 

26.9 

 

30.4 

30.0 

442.1 

Total assets (£bn)

194.2 

25.2 

 

143.2 

22.0 

28.4 

 

244.5 

36.7 

694.2 

Funded assets (£bn)

194.2 

25.2 

 

143.2 

22.0 

28.4 

 

111.4 

36.5 

560.9 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

162.3 

18.8 

 

88.0 

14.3 

13.3 

 

8.4 

305.1 

Impairment provisions (£bn) (5)

(1.4)

(0.8)

 

(1.0)

nm

 

(0.1)

(3.3)

Customer deposits (£bn)

184.1 

18.0 

 

95.6 

28.4 

27.5 

 

2.6 

4.7 

360.9 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

45.1 

14.7 

 

67.6 

9.4 

6.9 

 

44.9 

0.1 

188.7 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

46.6 

14.7 

 

68.6 

9.5 

6.9 

 

50.0 

0.2 

196.5 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands) (6)

24.1 

3.1 

 

7.9 

1.9 

1.7 

 

4.8 

23.6 

67.1 

For the notes to this table refer to page 21. nm = not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment performance

 

 

Quarter ended 30 September 2018

PBB

 

CPB

 

 

 

Central

 

 

 

Ulster

 

Commercial

Private

RBS

 

NatWest

 items &

Total

 

UK PBB

Bank RoI

 

Banking

Banking

International

 

Markets

other (1)

RBS

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

1,289 

110 

 

525 

133 

124 

 

15 

(42)

2,154 

Other non-interest income

275 

41 

 

264 

62 

31 

 

534 

261 

1,468 

Own credit adjustments

 

 

20 

20 

Total income

1,564 

151 

 

789 

195 

155 

 

569 

219 

3,642 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(221)

(51)

 

(131)

(39)

(26)

 

(120)

(299)

(887)

                           - other costs

(76)

(31)

 

(57)

(16)

(12)

 

(61)

(613)

(866)

Indirect expenses

(415)

(45)

 

(221)

(52)

(19)

 

(91)

843 

Strategic costs  - direct

(1)

 

(8)

(2)

 

(78)

(211)

(299)

                         - indirect

(41)

(2)

 

(17)

(4)

(1)

 

(15)

80 

Litigation and conduct costs

(206)

(37)

 

(9)

 

(113)

(24)

(389)

Operating expenses

(959)

(167)

 

(443)

(110)

(60)

 

(478)

(224)

(2,441)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

605 

(16)

 

346 

85 

95 

 

91 

(5)

1,201 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(70)

(60)

 

(103)

(1)

(3)

 

(4)

(240)

Operating profit/(loss)

535 

(76)

 

243 

84 

92 

 

87 

(4)

961 

Additional information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on equity (2)

20.9%

(12.7%)

 

6.6%

17.3%

26.9%

 

1.8%

nm

5.4%

Cost:income ratio (3)

61.3%

110.6%

 

54.3%

56.4%

38.7%

 

84.0%

nm

66.7%

Loan impairment rate

0.17%

1.18%

 

0.46%

nm

nm

 

nm

nm

0.31%

Net interest margin

2.76%

1.72%

 

1.71%

2.54%

1.73%

 

0.22%

nm

1.93%

Third party customer asset rate (4)

3.39%

2.42%

 

2.89%

2.91%

2.29%

 

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.29%)

(0.20%)

 

(0.33%)

(0.26%)

(0.11%)

 

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

185.2 

25.4 

 

122.0 

20.8 

28.4 

 

26.7 

34.6 

443.1 

Total assets (£bn)

195.6 

25.3 

 

144.0 

21.4 

29.0 

 

253.3 

51.3 

719.9 

Funded assets (£bn)

195.6 

25.3 

 

144.0 

21.4 

29.0 

 

120.9 

51.1 

587.3 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

163.2 

19.2 

 

88.3 

14.2 

13.0 

 

8.0 

(0.1)

305.8 

Impairment provisions (£bn) (5)

(1.4)

(1.2)

 

(1.0)

(0.1)

 

(0.2)

(3.9)

Customer deposits (£bn)

183.4 

17.9 

 

96.4 

27.2 

26.9 

 

2.6 

6.2 

360.6 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

45.4 

16.5 

 

69.0 

9.5 

6.9 

 

46.5 

0.7 

194.5 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

47.1 

16.6 

 

72.5 

9.5 

6.9 

 

49.9 

0.7 

203.2 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands) (6)

24.8 

3.1 

 

8.1 

1.9 

1.7 

 

4.9 

24.1 

68.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the notes to this table, refer to page 21. nm = not meaningful

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment performance

 

Quarter ended 31 December 2017

 

PBB

 

CPB

 

 

 

Central

 

 

 

Ulster

 

Commercial

Private

RBS

 

NatWest

items &

Total

 

UK PBB

Bank RoI

 

Banking

Banking

International

 

Markets

other (1)

RBS

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

1,272 

111 

 

575 

122 

81 

 

38 

12 

2,211 

Other non-interest income

276 

50 

 

231 

69 

16 

 

127 

(123)

646 

Own credit adjustments

 

 

Strategic disposals

 

 

26 

165 

191 

Total income

1,548 

161 

 

806 

191 

97 

 

200 

54 

3,057 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(189)

(45)

 

(109)

(35)

(25)

 

(153)

(372)

(928)

                           - other costs

(73)

(25)

 

(66)

(14)

(15)

 

(83)

(907)

(1,183)

Indirect expenses

(554)

(45)

 

(344)

(78)

(23)

 

(154)

1,198 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strategic costs - direct

(55)

(2)

 

(6)

(19)

(3)

 

(129)

(317)

(531)

                         - indirect

(198)

(2)

 

(23)

(9)

 

(13)

245 

Litigation and conduct costs

(197)

(135)

 

(27)

(39)

 

(51)

(315)

(764)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

(1,266)

(254)

 

(575)

(194)

(66)

 

(583)

(468)

(3,406)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

282 

(93)

 

231 

(3)

31 

 

(383)

(414)

(349)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(60)

(81)

 

(117)

(2)

 

26 

(234)

Operating profit/(loss)

222 

(174)

 

114 

(5)

31 

 

(357)

(414)

(583)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on equity (2)

7.8%

(26.5%)

 

1.3%

(2.9%)

9.2%

 

(14.0%)

nm

(6.7%)

Cost:income ratio (3)

81.8%

157.8%

 

70.0%

101.6%

68.0%

 

nm

nm

111.5%

Loan impairment rate

0.15%

1.57%

 

0.48%

nm

nm

 

nm

nm

0.30%

Net interest margin

2.76%

1.76%

 

1.75%

2.44%

1.34%

 

0.55%

nm

2.04%

Third party customer asset rate (4)

3.38%

2.47%

 

2.77%

2.76%

2.59%

 

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.21%)

(0.24%)

 

(0.20%)

(0.11%)

(0.03%)

 

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

182.6 

25.1 

 

130.1 

19.8 

24.1 

 

27.4 

21.8 

430.9 

Total assets (£bn)

190.6 

24.6 

 

149.5 

20.3 

25.9 

 

277.9 

49.3 

738.1 

Funded assets (£bn)

190.6 

24.5 

 

149.5 

20.3 

25.9 

 

118.7 

47.7 

577.2 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

161.7 

19.5 

 

96.9 

13.5 

8.7 

 

9.7 

0.1 

310.1 

Impairment provisions (£bn) (5)

(1.3)

(1.1)

 

(1.2)

 

(0.2)

(3.8)

Customer deposits (£bn)

180.4 

16.9 

 

98.0 

26.9 

28.9 

 

3.3 

6.9 

361.3 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

43.0 

18.0 

 

71.8 

9.1 

5.1 

 

52.9 

1.0 

200.9 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

46.7 

18.9 

 

76.8 

9.1 

5.2 

 

56.4 

1.1 

214.2 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands) (6)

19.8 

2.7 

 

4.6 

1.5 

1.6 

 

5.7 

35.3 

71.2 

For the notes to this table refer to the following page. nm = not meaningful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed consolidated income statement for the period ended 31 December 2018 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

2018

2017

 

2018

2018

2017

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest receivable

11,049 

11,034 

 

2,825 

2,780 

2,754 

Interest payable

(2,393)

(2,047)

 

(649)

(626)

(543)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income (1)

8,656 

8,987 

 

2,176 

2,154 

2,211 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fees and commissions receivable

3,218 

3,338 

 

785 

787 

846 

Fees and commissions payable

(861)

(883)

 

(190)

(220)

(231)

Income from trading activities

1,507 

634 

 

161 

499 

(198)

Loss on redemption of own debt

(7)

 

Other operating income

882 

1,064 

 

126 

422 

429 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-interest income

4,746 

4,146 

 

882 

1,488 

846 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total income

13,402 

13,133 

 

3,058 

3,642 

3,057 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Staff costs

(4,122)

(4,676)

 

(1,014)

(1,022)

(1,100)

Premises and equipment

(1,383)

(1,565)

 

(411)

(328)

(524)

Other administrative expenses

(3,372)

(3,323)

 

(851)

(885)

(1,587)

Depreciation and amortisation

(731)

(808)

 

(187)

(206)

(178)

Write down of other intangible assets

(37)

(29)

 

(6)

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

(9,645)

(10,401)

 

(2,469)

(2,441)

(3,406)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) before impairment losses

3,757 

2,732 

 

589 

1,201 

(349)

Impairment losses

(398)

(493)

 

(17)

(240)

(234)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit/(loss) before tax

3,359 

2,239 

 

572 

961 

(583)

Tax charge/(credit)

(1,275)

(824)

 

(136)

(398)

168 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) for the period

2,084 

1,415 

 

436 

563 

(415)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shareholders

1,622 

752 

 

286 

448 

(579)

Other owners

470 

628 

 

164 

93 

150 

Non-controlling interests

(8)

35 

 

(14)

22 

14 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings/(loss) per ordinary share

13.5p

6.3p

 

2.4p

3.7p

(4.9p)

Earnings/(loss) per ordinary share - fully diluted

13.4p

6.3p

 

2.3p

3.7p

(4.9p)

 

Notes:

(1)

Negative interest on loans is reported as interest payable. Negative interest on customer deposits is reported as interest receivable.

 

 

Notes to segment performance on pages 16 to 20.

 

Notes:

(1)

Central items & other include unallocated transactions which principally comprise RMBS related charges.

(2)

RBS's CET 1 target is approximately 14% but for the purposes of computing segmental return on equity (ROE), to better reflect the differential drivers of capital usage, segmental operating profit after tax and adjusted for preference share dividends is divided by average notional equity allocated at different rates of 14% (Ulster Bank RoI), 11% (Commercial Banking), 13.5% (Private Banking - 14% from Q1 2017 to Q4 2017), 16% (RBS International - 12% prior to November 2017) and 15% for all other segments, of the monthly average of segmental risk-weighted assets equivalents (RWAes) incorporating the effect of capital deductions. RBS Return on equity is calculated using profit for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders.

(3)

Operating lease depreciation included in income for the year ended 31 December 2018 - £121 million; Q4 2018 - £32 million; Q3 2018 - £32 million; 31 December 2017 - £142 million; Q4 2017 - £35 million.

(4)

Ulster Bank Ireland DAC manages its funding and liquidity requirements locally. Its liquid asset portfolios and non-customer related funding sources are included within its net interest margin, but excluded from its third party asset and liability rates.

(5)

Prepared under IFRS 9. Refer to Note 2 of this document and Note 34 of the Annual Report and Accounts for further details.

(6)

On 1 January 2017, 4,500 employees on a FTE basis were transferred from Central items & other to NatWest Markets in preparation for ring-fencing. On 1 October 2017, 800 employees on a FTE basis were transferred from Central items & other to RBS International, also in preparation for ring-fencing. On 1 January 2018, 7,600 employees on a FTE basis were transferred from Central items to UK PBB, 200 to Ulster Bank RoI, 3,700 to Commercial Banking and 400 to Private Banking.

 

Condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the period ended 31 December 2018 

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

2018

2017

 

2018

2018

2017

 

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

Profit/(loss) for the period

2,084 

1,415 

 

436 

563 

(415)

Items that do not qualify for reclassification

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurement of retirement benefit schemes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 - contributions in preparation for ring-fencing (1)

(2,053)

 - 

 

(53)

 - 

 - 

 - other movements

86 

90 

 

14 

72 

116 

Profit/(loss) on fair value of credit in financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

  designated at FVTPL due to own credit risk

200 

(126)

 

91 

14 

(19)

Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI)

 

 

 

 

 

 

  financial assets (2)

48 

 - 

 

(13)

58 

 - 

Tax

502 

(10)

 

15 

(13)

(5)

 

(1,217)

(46)

 

54 

131 

92 

Items that do qualify for reclassification

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI)

 

 

 

 

 

 

financial assets (2)

26 

 

(24)

(168)

(11)

Cash flow hedges

(581)

(1,069)

 

241 

(301)

(86)

Currency translation

310 

100 

 

190 

102 

18 

Tax

189 

256 

 

(35)

127 

19 

 

(75)

(687)

 

372 

(240)

(60)

Other comprehensive (loss)/income after tax

(1,292)

(733)

 

426 

(109)

32 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income/(loss)  for the period

792 

682 

 

862 

454 

(383)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income/(loss) is attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shareholders

305 

 

709 

304 

(555)

Preference shareholders

182 

234 

 

88 

20 

79 

Dividend access share

 - 

 - 

 

 - 

 - 

 - 

Paid-in equity holders

288 

394 

 

76 

73 

71 

Non-controlling interests

17 

52 

 

(11)

57 

22 

 

792 

682 

 

862 

454 

(383)

 

Notes:

(1)

On 17 April 2018 RBS agreed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Trustees of the RBS Group Pension Fund in connection with the requirements of ring-fencing.  NatWest Markets Plc cannot continue to be a participant in the Main section and separate arrangements are required for its employees. Under the MoU, NatWest Plc made a contribution of £2 billion to strengthen funding of the Main section in recognition of the changes in covenant. The contribution was paid on 9 October 2018. Also under the MoU, NatWest Markets Plc is required to make a £53 million contribution to the NWM section in Q1 2019.  

(2)

Refer to Note 2 in this document and Note 34 in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts for further information on the impact of IFRS 9 on classification and basis of preparation.  Periods ended 31 December 2018 and 30 September 2018 prepared under IFRS 9 and 31 December 2017 under IAS 39.

 

 

 

 

Condensed consolidated balance sheet as at 31 December 2018 

 

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

2018 

2018 

2017 

 

£m

£m 

£m 

Assets

 

 

 

Cash and balances at central banks

88,897 

106,503 

98,337 

Trading assets

75,119 

82,492 

85,991 

Derivatives

133,349 

132,574 

160,843 

Settlement balances

2,928 

11,213 

2,517 

Loans to banks - amortised costs

12,947 

11,852 

11,517 

Loans to customers - amortised cost

305,089 

305,823 

310,116 

Other financial assets

59,485 

53,108 

51,929 

Intangible assets

6,616 

6,581 

6,543 

Other assets

9,805 

9,742 

10,263 

 

 

Total assets

694,235 

719,888 

738,056 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Bank deposits

23,297 

29,604 

30,396 

Customer deposits

360,914 

360,617 

361,316 

Settlement balances

3,066 

10,625 

2,844 

Trading liabilities

72,350 

84,883 

81,982 

Derivatives

128,897 

125,333 

154,506 

Other financial liabilities

39,732 

38,364 

30,326 

Subordinated liabilities

10,535 

10,341 

12,722 

Other liabilities

8,954 

11,454 

14,871 

Total liabilities

647,745 

671,221 

688,963 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Ordinary shareholders' interests

41,182 

41,253 

41,707 

Other owners' interests

4,554 

6,623 

6,623 

Owners' equity

45,736 

47,876 

48,330 

Non-controlling interests

754 

791 

763 

 

 

Total equity

46,490 

48,667 

49,093 

Total liabilities and equity

694,235 

719,888 

738,056 

 

 

Condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity for the period ended 31 December 2018

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

£m 

£m 

 

£m 

£m 

£m

Called-up share capital - at 1 January

11,965 

11,823 

 

12,048 

12,028 

11,906 

Ordinary shares issued

84 

142 

 

20 

59 

At 31 December

12,049 

11,965 

 

12,049 

12,048 

11,965 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paid-in equity - at 1 January

4,058 

4,582 

 

4,058 

4,058 

4,058 

Redeemed/reclassified (1)

(524)

 

At 31 December

4,058 

4,058 

 

4,058 

4,058 

4,058 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share premium account - at 1 January

887 

25,693 

 

1,026 

995 

739 

Ordinary shares issued

140 

235 

 

31 

92 

Redemption of debt preference shares (2)

748 

 

56 

Capital reduction (3)

(25,789)

 

At 31 December

1,027 

887 

 

1,027 

1,026 

887 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Merger reserve - at 1 January and 31 December

10,881 

10,881 

 

10,881 

10,881 

10,881 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FVOCI reserve  - at 1 January (4)

255 

238 

 

361 

442 

260 

Implementation of IFRS 9 on 1 January 2018

34 

 

Unrealised gains

97 

202 

 

(11)

(95)

53 

Realised gains

(42)

(176)

 

(20)

(19)

(64)

Tax

(1)

(9)

 

13 

33 

At 31 December

343 

255 

 

343 

361 

255 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow hedging reserve - at 1 January

227 

1,030 

 

(370)

(151)

298 

Amount recognised in equity

(63)

(277)

 

231 

(138)

141 

Amount transferred from equity to earnings

(518)

(792)

 

10 

(163)

(227)

Tax

163 

266 

 

(62)

82 

15 

At 31 December

(191)

227 

 

(191)

(370)

227 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange reserve - at 1 January

2,970 

2,888 

 

3,073 

3,001 

2,962 

Retranslation of net assets

195 

111 

 

196 

57 

13 

Foreign currency losses on hedges of net assets

(33)

(6)

 

(43)

(4)

(2)

Tax

23 

(1)

 

19 

(2)

Recycled to profit or loss on disposal of businesses (5)

123 

(22)

 

33 

16 

(1)

At 31 December

3,278 

2,970 

 

3,278 

3,073 

2,970 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital redemption reserve - at 1 January

4,542 

 

Capital reduction (3)

(4,542)

 

At 31 December

 

Retained earnings - at 1 January

17,130 

(12,936)

 

16,823 

16,527 

17,669 

Implementation of IFRS 9 on 1 January 2018 (4)

(105)

 

Profit/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders and

 

 

 

 

 

 

  other equity owners

2,092 

1,380 

 

450 

541 

(429)

Equity preference dividends paid

(182)

(234)

 

(88)

(20)

(79)

Paid-in equity dividends paid, net of tax

(288)

(394)

 

(76)

(73)

(71)

Ordinary dividend paid

(241)

 

(241)

Capital reduction (3)

30,331 

 

Redemption of debt preference shares (2)

(748)

 

(56)

Redemption of equity preference shares (6)

(2,805)

 

(2,805)

Redemption/reclassification of paid-in equity

(196)

 

Realised gains in period on FVOCI equity shares, net of tax

 

Remeasurement of the retirement benefit schemes

 

 

 

 

 

 

  - contributions in preparation for ring-fencing (7)

(2,053)

 

(53)

  - other movements

86 

90 

 

14 

72 

116 

  - tax

539 

(28)

 

23 

(8)

Changes in fair value of credit in financial liabilities designated at

 

 

 

 

 

 

  fair value through profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

  - gross

200 

(126)

 

91 

14 

(19)

  - tax

(33)

18 

 

(13)

(4)

Shares issued under employee share schemes

(2)

(5)

 

Share-based payments

(32)

(22)

 

(55)

At 31 December

14,312 

17,130 

 

14,312 

16,823 

17,130 

 

 

Condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity for the period ended 31 December 2018

 

 

Year ended

 

Quarter ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

31 December

30 September

31 December

 

2018 

2017 

 

2018 

2018 

2017 

£m 

£m 

 

£m 

£m 

£m 

Own shares held - at 1 January

(43)

(132)

 

(24)

(24)

(45)

Shares issued under employee share schemes

87 

161 

 

Own shares acquired

(65)

(72)

 

(2)

(3)

At 31 December

(21)

(43)

 

(21)

(24)

(43)

Owners' equity at 31 December

45,736 

48,330 

 

45,736 

47,876 

48,330 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests - at 1 January

763 

795 

 

791 

734 

746 

Currency translation adjustments and other movements

25 

17 

 

35 

(Loss)/profit attributable to non-controlling interests

(8)

35 

 

(14)

22 

14 

Dividends paid

(5)

(25)

 

(5)

(5)

Equity withdrawn and disposals

(21)

(59)

 

(21)

At 31 December

754 

763 

 

754 

791 

763 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity at 31 December

46,490 

49,093 

 

46,490 

48,667 

49,093 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity is attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shareholders

41,182 

41,707 

 

41,182 

41,253 

41,707 

Preference shareholders

496 

2,565 

 

496 

2,565 

2,565 

Paid-in equity holders

4,058 

4,058 

 

4,058 

4,058 

4,058 

Non-controlling interests

754 

763 

 

754 

791 

763 

 

46,490 

49,093 

 

46,490 

48,667 

49,093 

 

Notes:

(1)

Paid-in equity reclassified to liabilities as a result of the call of US$564 million and CAD321 million EMTN notes in August 2017 (redeemed in October 2017), the call of RBS Capital Trust D in March 2017 (redeemed in June 2017), the call of RBS Capital Trust C in May 2016 (redeemed in July 2016).

(2)

During 2017, non-cumulative US dollar preference shares were redeemed at their original issue price of US$1.1 billion. The nominal value of £0.3 million was credited to the capital redemption reserve; share premium increased by £0.7 billion in respect of the premium received on issue, with a corresponding decrease in retained earnings. During 2016, non-cumulative US dollar preference shares were redeemed at their original issue price of US$1.5 billion. The nominal value of £0.3 million was transferred from share capital to capital redemption reserve and ordinary owners equity was reduced by £0.4 billion in respect of the movement in exchange rates since issue.

(3)

On 15 June 2017, the Court of Session approved a reduction of RBSG plc capital so that the amounts which stood to the credit of share premium, account and capital redemption reserve were transferred to retained earnings.

(4)

Refer to Note 2 of this document and Note 34 in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts for further information.

(5)

No tax impact.

(6)

During 2018, non-cumulative US dollar, Euro and Sterling preference shares were redeemed.

(7)

On 17 April 2018 RBS agreed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Trustees of the RBS Group Pension Fund in connection with the requirements of ring-fencing.  NatWest Markets Plc cannot continue to be a participant in the Main section and separate arrangements are required for its employees. Under the MoU, NatWest Bank Plc made a contribution of £2 billion to strengthen funding of the Main section in recognition of the changes in covenant. The contribution was paid on 9 October 2018. Also under the MoU, NatWest Markets Plc is required to make a £53 million contribution to the NWM section in Q1 2019. 

 

 

Condensed consolidated cash flow statement for the period ended 31 December 2018  

 

 

Year ended

 

31 December

31 December

 

2018 

2017 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

Operating profit before tax

3,359 

2,239 

Adjustments for non-cash items

(6,516)

(5,125)

 

 

 

Net cash outflow from trading activities

(3,157)

(2,886)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

3,395 

42,147 

 

 

 

Net cash flows from operating activities before tax

238 

39,261 

Income taxes paid

(466)

(520)

 

 

 

Net cash flows from operating activities

(228)

38,741 

 

 

 

Net cash flows from investing activities

(7,955)

(6,482)

 

 

 

Net cash flows from financing activities

(6,287)

(8,208)

 

 

 

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

676 

(16)

 

 

 

Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

(13,794)

24,035 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

122,605 

98,570 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

108,811 

122,605 

 

 

 

 

Notes

1. Basis of preparation

The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with RBS's 2018 Annual Report and Accounts which were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and interpretations issued by the IFRS Interpretations Committee of the IASB as adopted by the European Union (EU) (together IFRS).

 

 

 

 

2. Accounting policies

The Group's principal accounting policies are as set out on pages 182 to 186 of the Group's 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. From 1 January 2018 the accounting policies have been updated to reflect the adoption of IFRS 9. For further details see Note 34 of the Group's 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. There has been no restatement of accounts prior to 2018. Other than in relation to IFRS 9 other amendments to IFRS effective for 2018, including IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers', IFRS 2 'Share-based payments' and IAS 40 'Investment Property' have not had a material effect on the Group's 2018 results.

Critical accounting policies and key sources of estimation uncertainty

The judgements and assumptions that are considered to be the most important to the portrayal of the Group's financial condition are those relating to goodwill, provisions for liabilities, deferred tax, loan impairment provisions and fair value of financial instruments. These critical accounting policies and judgements are described in the relevant note on the accounts in the Group's 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. From 1 January 2018, the previous critical accounting policy relating to loan impairment provisions has been superseded on the adoption of IFRS 9. For further details refer to Note 34 in the Annual Report and Accounts.

Balance sheet re-presentation

Due to significant accounting policy changes on the adoption of IFRS 9, the balance sheet has been re-presented. For further details refer to Note 14 in the Annual Report and Accounts. There has been no restatement of prior year data.

Going concern

Having reviewed RBS's forecasts, projections and other relevant evidence, the directors have a reasonable expectation that RBS will continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, the results for the period ended 31 December 2018 have been prepared on a going concern basis.

 

 

 

 

3. Provisions for liabilities and charges

 

Payment

Other

 

Litigation and

 

 

 

protection

 customer

 

other regulatory

 

 

 

insurance

 redress

DoJ (1)

(incl. RMBS)

Other (2)

Total

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

At 1 January 2018

1,053 

870 

3,243 

641 

1,950 

7,757 

Implementation of IFRS 9 on 1 January 2018 (3)

85 

85 

Currency translation and other movements

(5)

(119)

(4)

(1)

(129)

Charge to income statement

19 

111 

133 

Releases to income statement

(10)

(1)

(5)

(15)

(31)

Provisions utilised

(152)

(115)

(90)

(52)

(100)

(509)

At 31 March 2018

901 

759 

3,033 

583 

2,030 

7,306 

RMBS transfers (1)

(567)

567 

Currency translation and other movements

209 

32 

(24)

217 

Charge to income statement

46 

1,040 

23 

93 

1,202 

Releases to income statement

(51)

(305)

(119)

(475)

Provisions utilised

(156)

(104)

(189)

(806)

(1,255)

At 30 June 2018

745 

650 

3,715 

711 

1,174 

6,995 

Transfer from accruals and other liabilities

Currency translation and other movements

46 

12 

11 

70 

Charge to income statement

200 

55 

133 

33 

421 

Releases to income statement

(6)

(10)

(48)

(64)

Provisions utilised

(142)

(112)

(3,761)

(35)

(128)

(4,178)

At 30 September 2018

803 

591 

811 

1,042 

3,247 

Transfer from accruals and other liabilities

(3)

(1)

14 

10 

Currency translation and other movements

(4)

Charge to income statement

125 

22 

192 

339 

Releases to income statement

(67)

(3)

(122)

(192)

Provisions utilised

(108)

(118)

(49)

(132)

(407)

At 31 December 2018

695 

536 

783 

990 

3,004 

Notes:

(1)

RMBS provision has been redesignated 'DoJ' and the remaining RMBS litigation matters transferred to Litigation and other regulatory as of 1 April 2018 to reflect progress on resolution.

(2)

Refer to Note 34 in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts for further details.

(3)

Materially comprises provisions relating to property closures and restructuring costs.

There are uncertainties as to the eventual cost of redress in relation to certain of the provisions contained in the table above. Assumptions relating to these are inherently uncertain and the ultimate financial impact may be different from the amount provided.

 

 

 

Notes

4. Material developments in litigation, investigations and reviews

RBS and certain members of the Group are party to legal proceedings and the subject of investigation and other regulatory and governmental action ("Matters") in the United Kingdom (UK), the United States (US), the European Union (EU) and other jurisdictions. Note 27 in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts, issued on 15 February 2018 and available at RBS.com ("Note 27"), discusses the Matters in which RBS is currently involved and developments to those matters. Other than the Matters discussed in Note 27, no member of the Group is or has been involved in governmental, legal, or regulatory proceedings (including those which are pending or threatened) that are expected to be material, individually or in aggregate. Recent developments in the Matters identified in Note 27 that have occurred since the Q3 2018 results were issued on 26 October 2018, include, but are not limited to, those set out below

 

Litigation

London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other rates litigation

RBS companies are defendants in a number of class action complaints filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY), each relating to a different reference rate. In the case relating to Pound Sterling LIBOR, the court dismissed all claims against RBS companies, for various reasons, on 21 December 2018, and plaintiffs are seeking reconsideration of that decision. In the case relating to the Australian Bank Bill Swap Reference Rate, the court dismissed all claims against RBS companies for lack of personal jurisdiction on 26 November 2018, but plaintiffs have filed an amended complaint, which will be the subject of a further motion to dismiss.

 

In January 2019, a class action antitrust complaint was filed in the SDNY alleging that the defendants (USD ICE LIBOR panel banks including RBS companies) have conspired to suppress USD ICE LIBOR from 2014 to the present by submitting incorrect information to ICE about their borrowing costs.

 

FX antitrust litigation

On 7 November 2018, a number of claimants filed a complaint in the SDNY against a number of financial institutions, including certain RBS companies, alleging an antitrust conspiracy in the FX spot market. The claimants are "opt-outs" from the FX-related class action that RBS companies and others previously settled and which received final court approval in August 2018. On 31 December 2018, some of the same claimants, as well as others, filed proceedings in the High Court in London, asserting competition claims against NatWest Markets Plc and several other FX dealers.    

 

Investigations and reviews

Systematic Anti-Money Laundering Programme assessment

In December 2018, the FCA commenced a Systematic Anti-Money Laundering Programme assessment of RBS. RBS is responding to requests for information from the FCA.

 

 

 

 

5. Related party transactions

UK Government

The UK Government and bodies controlled or jointly controlled by the UK Government and bodies over which it has significant influence are related parties of the Group. The Group enters into transactions with many of these bodies on an arm's length basis.

 

Bank of England facilities

In the ordinary course of business, the Group may from time to time access market-wide facilities provided by the Bank of England. The Group's other transactions with the UK Government include the payment of taxes, principally UK corporation tax and value added tax; national insurance contributions; local authority rates; and regulatory fees and levies (including the bank levy and FSCS levies).

 

Other related parties

(a)  In their roles as providers of finance, Group companies provide development and other types of capital support to businesses. These investments are made in the normal course of business and on arm's length terms. In some instances, the investment may extend to ownership or control over 20% or more of the voting rights of the investee company. However, these investments are not considered to give rise to transactions of a materiality requiring disclosure under IAS 24.

(b)  The Group recharges The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Pension Fund with the cost of administration services incurred by it. The amounts involved are not material to the Group.

 

Full details of the Group's related party transactions for the year ended 31 December 2018 are included in the 2018 Annual Report and Accounts.

 

 

 

 

 

6. Dividends

In 2018 RBS paid an interim dividend of £241 million, or 2.0p per ordinary share. In addition, the company proposes a final dividend of 3.5p per ordinary share and a further special dividend of 7.5p per ordinary share.

 

The final and special dividends recommended by directors are subject to shareholders' approval at the Annual General Meeting on 25 April 2019. If approved, payment will be made on 30 April 2019 to shareholders on the register at the close of business on 22 March 2019. The ex-dividend date will be 21 March 2019. No dividend was paid in 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

7. Post balance sheet events

On 6 February 2019, a General Meeting of shareholders authorised the directors to agree buy-backs by the company of ordinary shares from HM Treasury.  The authority is subject to renewal at the company's forthcoming Annual General Meeting.

 

Other than this there have been no other significant events between 31 December 2018 and the date of approval of these accounts which would require a change to or additional disclosure in the accounts.

 

 

 

Statement of directors' responsibilities

 

The responsibility statement below has been prepared in connection with the Group's full Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 31 December 2018.

 

We, the directors listed below, confirm that to the best of our knowledge:

 

The financial statements, prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss of the company and the undertakings included in the consolidated taken as a whole; and

The Strategic Report and Directors' report (incorporating the Business review) include a fair review of the development and performance of the business and the position of the company and the undertakings included in the consolidation taken as a whole, together with a description of the principal risks and uncertainties that they face.

 

 

 

By order of the Board

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Howard Davies

Ross McEwan

Katie Murray

Chairman

Chief executive

Chief financial officer

 

14 February 2019

 

 

 

Board of directors

 

Chairman

Executive directors

Non-executive directors

Howard Davies

Ross McEwan

Katie Murray

 

 

Frank Dangeard

Alison Davis

Patrick Flynn

Morten Friis

Robert Gillespie

Brendan Nelson

Baroness Noakes

Mike Rogers

Mark Seligman

Dr Lena Wilson

 

Additional information

 

Presentation of information

In this document, 'RBSG plc' or the 'parent company' refers to The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc, and 'RBS' or the 'Group' refers to RBSG plc and its subsidiaries.

 

Financial information contained in this document does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006 ('the Act'). The statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2017 have been filed with the Registrar of Companies and those for the year ended 31 December 2018 will be filed with the register of companies following the Annual General Meeting. The report of the auditor on those statutory accounts was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not contain a statement under section 498(2) or (3) of the Act.

 

MAR Inside Information - this announcement Includes Inside information which is a disclosure required by the European Union Market Abuse Regulation EU 596/2014 of 16 April 2014. "Inside Information" is used as defined in that Regulation.

 

Key operating indicators

As described in Note 1 on page 26, RBS prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS as issued by the IASB which constitutes a body of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This document contains a number of adjusted or alternative performance measures, also known as non-GAAP financial measures. These measures exclude certain items which management believe are not representative of the underlying performance of the business and which distort period-on-period comparison. These measures include:

Performance, funding and credit metrics such as 'return on tangible equity', and related RWA equivalents incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes), total assets excluding derivatives (funded assets), net interest margin (NIM) adjusted for items designated at fair value through profit or loss (non-statutory NIM), cost:income ratio and loan:deposit ratio. These are internal metrics used to measure business performance;

Personal & Business Banking (PBB) franchise results, combining the reportable segments of UK Personal & Business Banking (UK PBB) and Ulster Bank RoI, Commercial & Private Banking (CPB) franchise results, combining the reportable segments of Commercial Banking and Private Banking.

The Group also presents a pro forma CET1 ratio which is on an adjusted basis, this has not been prepared in accordance with Regulation S-X and should be read in conjunction with the notes provided as well as the section "Forward-looking statements" below.

 

Q1 2019 segmental re-organisation.  In Q1 2019 RBS is planning to transfer the Business Banking business from UK PBB to Commercial Banking.

 

Contacts

Analyst enquiries:

Matt Waymark

Investor Relations

+44 (0) 207 672 1758

Media enquiries:

RBS Press Office

 

+44 (0) 131 523 4205

 

 

Analyst and investor call

Fixed income call

Webcast and dial in details

Date:

Friday 15 February 2019

Friday 15 February 2019

www.rbs.com/results

Time:

9:30 am UK time

1:30 pm UK time

International: +44 (0) 203 057 6566

Conference ID:

4088105

2228769

UK Free Call: 0800 279 5995

US Local Dial-In, New York: +1 646 741 2115

 

Available on www.rbs.com/results

Announcement and slides.

2018 Annual Report and Accounts.

A financial supplement containing income statement, balance sheet and segment performance for the nine quarters ended 31 December 2018.

Pillar 3 Report.

 

 

 

Forward looking statements

 

Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements

Certain sections in this document contain 'forward-looking statements' as that term is defined in the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, such as statements that include the words 'expect', 'estimate', 'project', 'anticipate', 'commit', 'believe', 'should', 'intend', 'plan', 'could', 'probability', 'risk', 'Value-at-Risk (VaR)', 'target', 'goal', 'objective', 'may', 'endeavour', 'outlook', 'optimistic', 'prospects' and similar expressions or variations on these expressions.

 

In particular, this document includes forward-looking statements relating, but not limited to: future profitability and performance, including financial performance targets such as return on tangible equity; cost savings and targets, including cost:income ratios; litigation and government and regulatory investigations, including the timing and financial and other impacts thereof; the implementation of the Alternative Remedies Package; the continuation of the Group's balance sheet reduction programme, including the reduction of risk-weighted assets (RWAs) and the timing thereof; capital and strategic plans and targets; capital, liquidity and leverage ratios and requirements, including CET1 Ratio, RWA equivalents (RWAe), Pillar 2 and other regulatory buffer requirements, minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities, and other funding plans; funding and credit risk profile; capitalisation; portfolios; net interest margin; customer loan and income growth; the level and extent of future impairments and write-downs, including with respect to goodwill; restructuring and remediation costs and charges; the Group's exposure to political risk, economic risk, climate change risk, operational risk, conduct risk, cyber and IT risk and credit rating risk and to various types of market risks, including interest rate risk, foreign exchange rate risk and commodity and equity price risk; customer experience including our Net Promotor Score (NPS); employee engagement and gender balance in leadership positions.

 

Limitations inherent to forward-looking statements

These statements are based on current plans, estimates, targets and projections, and are subject to significant inherent risks, uncertainties and other factors, both external and relating to the Group's strategy or operations, which may result in the Group being unable to achieve the current targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. In addition, certain of these disclosures are dependent on choices relying on key model characteristics and assumptions and are subject to various limitations, including assumptions and estimates made by management. By their nature, certain of these disclosures are only estimates and, as a result, actual future gains and losses could differ materially from those that have been estimated. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date we make them and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Group's expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

 

Important factors that could affect the actual outcome of the forward-looking statements

We caution you that a large number of important factors could adversely affect our results or our ability to implement our strategy, cause us to fail to meet our targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes or affect the accuracy of forward-looking statements we describe in this document, including in the risk factors and other uncertainties set out in the Group's 2018 Annual Report and Accounts and other risk factors and uncertainties discussed in this document. These include the significant risks for the Group presented by: operational and IT resilience risk (including in respect of: the Group's susceptibility to increasing cyberattacks; operational risks inherent in the Group's business; the Group's operations being highly dependent on its IT systems; the Group relying on attracting, retaining, developing and remunerating senior management and skilled personnel and maintaining good employee relations; the Group's risk management framework; and reputational risk), economic and political risk (including in respect of: the UK's withdrawal from the European Union; increased political and economic risks and uncertainty in the UK and key global markets; credit, market, operational and regulatory risks in connection with climate change and the transition to a low carbon economy; continued low interest rates; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; and HM Treasury's ownership of RBSG and the possibility that it may exert a significant degree of influence over the Group), financial resilience risk (including in respect of: the Group's ability to meet targets and generate sustainable returns; the highly competitive markets in which the Group operates; the ability of the Group to meet prudential regulatory requirements for capital, manage its capital effectively, or access sources of liquidity and funding; changes in the credit ratings of RBSG, any of its subsidiaries or any of its respective debt securities; the Group's ability to meet requirements of regulatory stress tests; deteriorations in borrower and counterparty credit quality; possible losses or the requirement to hold additional capital as a result of limitations or failure of various models; sensitivity of the Group's financial statements to underlying accounting policies, assumptions and estimates; changes in applicable accounting policies or rules; the value or effectiveness of any credit protection purchased by the Group; and the level and extent of future impairments and write-downs, including with respect to goodwill) and legal, regulatory and conduct risk (including in respect of: the Group's businesses being subject to substantial regulation and oversight, which are constantly evolving; legal, regulatory and governmental actions and investigations, the outcomes of which are inherently difficult to predict; the replacement of LIBOR, EURIBOR and other benchmark rates; heightened regulatory and governmental scrutiny (including by competition authorities); implementation of the Alternative Remedies Package and the costs related thereto; and changes in tax legislation).

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this document speak only as at the date hereof, and the Group does not assume or undertake any obligation or responsibility to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

The information, statements and opinions contained in this document do not constitute a public offer under any applicable legislation or an offer to sell or solicit of any offer to buy any securities or financial instruments or any advice or recommendation with respect to such securities or other financial instruments.

 

Legal Entity Identifier: 2138005O9XJIJN4JPN90

 


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