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Jardine Strategic Hldgs Ltd   -  JDS   

2018 Preliminary Announcement of Results

Released 09:25 28-Feb-2019

RNS Number : 3291R
Jardine Strategic Hldgs Ltd
28 February 2019
 

To:    Business Editor                                                                           28th February 2019

                                                                                                             For immediate release

 

The following announcement was issued today to a Regulatory Information Service approved by the Financial Conduct Authority in the United Kingdom.

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

2018 Preliminary Announcement of Results

 

Highlights

·    Underlying earnings per share* up 16%

·    Full-year dividend up 6%

·    Astra, Hongkong Land and Jardine Cycle & Carriage performed well

·    Dairy Farm Food business restructuring and repositioning announced

·    Conditional sale of Jardine Lloyd Thompson

 

"After a good performance in 2018 driven primarily by Astra, Hongkong Land and Jardine Cycle & Carriage, we expect the Group to face more challenging conditions in 2019 due to economic uncertainties affecting consumer sentiment and commodity prices."

 

Ben Keswick, Chairman and Managing Director

 

Results

Year ended 31st December

 

 

          2018

        US$m

      2017

    US$m

Restated

Change

%

Gross revenue including 100% of Jardine Matheson, associates and joint ventures

 

92,348

83,001

 

+11

Revenue

34,094

30,848

+11

   Underlying profit* before tax

4,712

4,040

+17

   Underlying profit* attributable to shareholders 

1,784

1,570

+14

   Profit attributable to shareholders

1,836

4,305

-57

 

US$

US$

%

   Underlying earnings per share*

3.14

2.71

+16

   Earnings per share

3.23

7.44

-57

   Dividends per share

0.34

0.32

+6

   Net asset value per share#

68.46

59.08

+16

*  The Group uses 'underlying profit' in its internal financial reporting to distinguish between ongoing business performance and non-trading items, as more fully described in note 40 to the financial statements.  Management considers this to be a key measure which provides additional information to enhance understanding of the Group's underlying business performance.

†  The accounts have been restated due to changes in accounting policies upon adoption of IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers', as set out in note 1 to the financial statements.

Net asset value per share is calculated on a market value basis.

         

The final dividend of US¢24 per share will be payable on 15th May 2019, subject to approval at the Annual General Meeting to be held on 9th May 2019, to shareholders on the register of members at the close of business on 15th March 2019 and will be available in cash with a scrip alternative.

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

 

Preliminary Announcement of Results

For The Year Ended 31st December 2018

 

Overview

The Group produced a good overall result for the year, with underlying net profit up 14% compared with the prior year.  There were strong performances from Astra and Hongkong Land, as well as an improved performance from Jardine Cycle & Carriage's non-Astra businesses, while Dairy Farm and Jardine Matheson's directly held businesses were relatively flat against the prior year. 

 

Performance

The Group's gross revenue for 2018, including 100% of revenue from Jardine Matheson, associates and joint ventures, rose by 11% from US$83.0 billion to US$92.3 billion, while the Group's consolidated revenue for 2018 was US$34.1 billion, an increase of 11%.  Underlying profit before tax for the year was up 17% at US$4,712 million.  The underlying profit attributable to shareholders increased by 14% to US$1,784 million, with underlying earnings per share 16% higher at US$3.14.  

Net profit including non-trading items for the year was US$1,836 million, which included the Group's US$719 million share of the net gain in property valuations - principally arising from Hongkong Land's investment properties in Hong Kong - offset by the Group's US$352 million share of a restructuring charge in respect of Dairy Farm's Southeast Asia Food business and a net loss of US$377 million due to unrealised fair value losses related to non-current investments.  This compares with US$4,305 million in 2017, which reflected the Group's US$2,326 million share of increases in property valuations and US$409 million of other net non-trading gains.  

Within Jardine Matheson's directly-held businesses, Jardine Pacific saw higher contributions from Jardine Schindler and JEC, and a steady performance at Gammon, offset by weaker performances by Jardine Restaurants and HACTL.  There was a higher contribution from the interest in Greatview, which was acquired in June 2017.  Jardine Motors' business in Hong Kong and Macau produced steady earnings, but weaker performances were recorded in mainland China and the United Kingdom.  Jardine Lloyd Thompson delivered both revenue and profit growth, with particularly good organic growth in its Global Specialty division.

 

Hongkong Land produced a record performance with continuing earnings strength from investment properties.  The contribution from development properties in mainland China was broadly in line with last year, while higher profits were recognised in Singapore.

 

At Dairy Farm, while results in four out of five business formats showed improvement, the structural challenges in Food continued to erode performance at an increased rate.  Overall sales increased and underlying net profit was up from the prior year, which had included costs incurred for the exit from various underperforming stores and stock clearance in the Southeast Asia Food business.  Results in 2018 benefitted from particularly strong results from the Health and Beauty business and an increased contribution from Convenience stores, which were offset by further deterioration in performance from the Food business led by the supermarket and hypermarket formats.  A significant (largely non-cash) restructuring charge was incurred in respect of the Southeast Asia Food business following the completion of a detailed strategic review, which concluded that Southeast Asia Food was not viable in its current form.

 

Mandarin Oriental delivered a good performance for the year, notably in Hong Kong and Singapore.  Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park, London is on schedule to reopen fully in April 2019.

 

In Southeast Asia, Jardine Cycle & Carriage saw an improvement in its performance over the prior year, with strong results in its Direct Motor Interests and Other Strategic Interests.  Thaco performed well, due mainly to higher unit sales and improved margins.  There was an increase in profits at Siam City Cement due to an improved domestic performance and lower one-off expenses, and Jardine Cycle & Carriage received a first full year of dividends in respect of its stake in Vinamilk.

 

Astra achieved record results in local currency terms in 2018 and grew its revenues and income over 2017, with increased contributions from its heavy equipment, mining, construction and energy, and financial services businesses, which more than offset a lower contribution from the agribusiness segment.  Astra continues to expand in the toll roads, energy, minerals and property areas and is also now focussing on providing digital financial services. 

 

The Group's financial position remains strong with shareholders' funds up 3% at US$31.5 billion at the year end.  Consolidated net debt excluding financial services companies was US$6 billion at 31st December 2018, representing gearing of 10%, up from 6% at the end of 2017 due to investments in the year by its businesses, including Hongkong Land projects and the acquisition of a gold mine in Indonesia by United Tractors.

 

The Board is recommending a final dividend of US¢24 per share, which produces a full-year dividend of US¢34 per share, up 6% from the prior year.

 

 

 

Strategic Developments

The Group has a unique advantage in having a strong presence in two of the fastest growing regions in the world: Greater China and Southeast Asia.

 

Greater China provides the largest contribution to the Group, underpinned by the Group's significant presence in Hong Kong.  Mainland China is also a key market for the Group, making a 15% contribution to profits in the year, and the Group is focused on growing its businesses there further.  Hongkong Land is making good progress in finding new development sites there, with a total of six new sites secured in 2018.  WF CENTRAL, its luxury retail and hotel complex in Beijing, which was opened in late 2017, is performing in line with expectations and the Mandarin Oriental in Beijing is scheduled to open in the coming weeks.  The Group's affiliates in mainland China, Zhongsheng and Yonghui, both had a very good year in their underlying businesses.  

 

Southeast Asia is the other area of key focus for the Group.  During the year Astra made a US$150 million investment in GOJEK, Indonesia's leading multi-platform technology group, in order to accelerate the group's digital initiatives.  Astra also formed a joint venture in June 2018 with WeLab to provide mobile lending products.  Hongkong Land secured six new projects in the region, in Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines.

 

In both mainland China and Southeast Asia, the Group is fortunate that significant long-term consumption growth is forecast, particularly from the growing and increasingly affluent middle class.  This plays to the strengths of the Group's businesses, which are associated with some of the world's top brands.

 

To take advantage of this, the Group continues to invest for growth and to pursue its strategy of building significant stakes in strong companies that are benefitting from the opportunities offered by the economic development of the region and the growth of the middle classes.  The Group's aim is to be the partner of choice for associates or joint ventures and to grow those businesses over time by developing strong relationships which add value through the Group's role as a supportive shareholder to entrepreneurs or leading management teams.  

 

The sale of the Group's interest in Jardine Lloyd Thompson to Marsh & McLennan Companies is expected to complete in Spring 2019, conditional upon regulatory approvals.  The proceeds of some US$2 billion from this sale will further enhance the Group's ability to take advantage of opportunities in its core markets across Asia.

 

Following the completion of a detailed strategic review by Dairy Farm, a transformation programme is now underway and, given its scale and complexity, is likely to take several years to complete.  A new leadership team, including enhanced functional leadership in key disciplines, is in place and is implementing a series of strategic business priorities, including reorganising the businesses into a new streamlined and centralised structure with North Asia and Southeast Asia Divisions.  Decisive action is also being taken to transform the supermarket and hypermarket business, especially in Southeast Asia, in order to reset and reposition it so that it can compete more effectively. 

 

Dairy Farm's investment in key strategic partnerships also continues to deliver good returns, with Maxim's and Yonghui both enjoying sales growth and profit expansion in their core operations during the year.  The group also entered into a partnership with Robinsons Retail in the Philippines and took full ownership of Rose Pharmacy. 

 

Following a review by Mandarin Oriental of the strategic options for the future of The Excelsior in Hong Kong, the decision has been taken to close the hotel from 31st March 2019 and redevelop it as a commercial property, with the project expected to complete in 2025.  The group signed and announced seven new management contracts in the year.  In 2019 the group has opened its first two hotels in the Middle East, in Doha and Dubai.

 

The group's first property in Beijing, Mandarin Oriental Wangfujing, is expected to open in the coming weeks as well as potentially a second hotel in Beijing in the next 12 months.

 

Our existing businesses remain focused on accelerating the transition to the digital economy.  The Group is also benefitting from the increasing adoption of technology to support internal initiatives, as it focuses on meeting its customers' expectations as they change and providing them with the best possible service.

 

People

The strong performances across our businesses in 2018 are a reflection of the hard work, dedication and professionalism of the Group's employees, for which we are most grateful. Julian Hui and Dr George Koo retired from the Board at the Company's Annual General Meeting in May 2018.  We would like to thank them both for their significant contribution to the Company over many years.  We welcomed Lord Powell of Bayswater to the Board in May 2018.  

 

Sir Henry Keswick retired from the Board on 31st December 2018. We would like to record our gratitude for the significant contribution he made over many decades, through his experience, insight and advice, to the development of the Group.

 

Business Review

 

Jardine Matheson

Jardine Matheson achieved an underlying profit before tax for the year of US$4,931 million, an increase of 15%.  The underlying profit attributable to shareholders was up 10% at US$1,703 million, with underlying earnings per share were also 10% higher at US$4.53.  The profit attributable to shareholders for the year was US$1,732 million, benefitting mainly from an increase in the value of Hongkong Land's investment property portfolio, offset by a restructuring charge relating to Dairy Farm's Southeast Asia food business and the net loss due to unrealised fair value losses related to non-current investments.  This compares with US$3,943 million in 2017, which benefitted from increases in property values.

 

•    Jardine Pacific

Jardine Pacific produced an underlying net profit of US$164 million, which was slightly higher than 2017.  The net profit after non-trading gains was US$187 million.

 

Within its engineering and construction activities, Jardine Schindler and JEC both performed well, with JEC seeing strong profit growth from its Hong Kong engineering operations.  Gammon's performance was broadly in line with last year and its order book remains strong.  Jardine Restaurants reported a lower result overall due to challenging trading conditions in Taiwan and Vietnam which more than offset an improved performance in Hong Kong.  HACTL's results were impacted by the loss of a significant customer but cargo throughput growth was in line with market.  

 

Hong Kong-listed Greatview, in which a 28% stake was acquired by the Company in June 2017, saw steady growth in both mainland China and internationally.  

 

•    Jardine Motors

Jardine Motors produced an underlying net profit in 2018 of US$175 million, 5% lower than the same period in 2017.  After taking into account non-trading gains, the net profit was US$177 million.

 

Zung Fu in mainland China reported lower profit due to reduced margins despite higher new car sales.  Hong Kong and Macau achieved strong new car sales.  The United Kingdom dealerships reported weaker results, with lower vehicle unit sales. 

 

The Group also benefitted from a strong contribution from Zhongsheng, one of mainland China's leading motor dealership groups, reflecting increased sales and better margins through to the end of the first six months of the year. Results for the full year, which have not yet been announced, will be included in the Group's 2019 results. The Company holds a 20% shareholding in Zhongsheng .

 

•    Jardine Lloyd Thompson

JLT's total revenue for 2018 was US$1,931 million, an increase of 5% in its reporting currency, with 5% organic growth.  Underlying profit before tax was up 25% in its reporting currency at US$311 million.  After adjusting for the costs of a business transformation programme which the group began in the year and on conversion into US dollars, JLT's contribution to the Group's underlying profit in 2018 was 16% higher than in 2017.  

 

During the year JLT undertook a reorganisation into three global divisions - Reinsurance, Specialty and Employee Benefits.  All three global divisions achieved organic revenue growth year on year, including organic revenue growth of 7% in Global Specialty.

 

The recommended cash acquisition by Marsh & McLennan Companies, which was announced in September 2018 and approved by shareholders in November 2018, is expected to complete in Spring 2019, subject to regulatory approvals.  The Group will receive net proceeds of US$2.1 billion for its stake, with an estimated gain of US$1.5 billion.

 

Hongkong Land

Hongkong Land achieved a second consecutive year of record underlying profit, with a 9% increase to US$1,036 million.  There were strong performances from both investment properties and development properties.  The profit attributable to shareholders of US$2,457 million included net revaluation gains of US$1,421 million recorded on its investment properties, principally in Hong Kong.  This compares to US$5,614 million in 2017, which included net revaluation gains of US$4,667 million.  The group remains well-financed with net debt of US$3.6 billion at the year end, up from US$2.5 billion at the end of 2017.  Net gearing rose to 9%.  Net debt will move modestly higher during the first half of 2019 for land purchases which have already been committed.

 

The investment properties portfolio benefitted from higher overall average rents and positive rental reversions in Hong Kong and Singapore.  In the development properties business, the profit contribution from mainland China was broadly in line with the prior year, despite fewer units being handed over, but the attributable interest in contracted sales was 42% higher than 2017, due to a greater number of sales launches.  Higher profits were recognised in Singapore following the completion of the 1,327-unit Sol Acres executive condominium development.  A total of 12 new sites were secured for development during the year, including six projects in mainland China and projects in Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines.  This compares with a total of 10 new projects in 2017.

 

Hongkong Land's Central office portfolio has experienced positive rental reversions.  However Central office rental growth is moderating as demand, especially from mainland Chinese financial institutions, has slowed.  The Hong Kong retail portfolio remains effectively fully occupied. 

 

Dairy Farm

Most store formats reported improved performance in the year, with Health and Beauty delivering particularly strong results, but there was increasing weakness in Food.  The performance of the Hong Kong Food business softened over the year and the supermarket and hypermarket business across Southeast Asia deteriorated further.  Home Furnishings was broadly in line with the same period last year.  Sales for the year by the group's subsidiaries were 4% higher than 2017 at US$11.7 billion.  Total sales, including 100% of associates and joint ventures, were up marginally at US$22.0 billion.  

 

The underlying profit attributable to shareholders was 5% higher at US$424 million as the previous year's results had included costs incurred for the exit from various underperforming stores and stock clearance in the Southeast Asia Food business.

 

Results include significantly higher store support centre costs reflecting the increased investment in management and functional capabilities necessary to take the business forward.  The profit contribution from associates was down from the prior year, with a record result from Maxim's but a decrease in Yonghui's contribution, due to the impact of losses from new retail formats and the cost of a new employee incentive scheme, as well as the fact that only nine months of Yonghui's 2018 performance have been included in Dairy Farm's results, since its 2018 full year results announcement has not yet been released.  

 

The net non-trading charge for the year totalled US$332 million.  This included a US$453 million restructuring charge for the Food business in Southeast Asia.  Following the completion of the detailed strategic review, which concluded that the business was not viable in its current form, impairments have been made against the goodwill and assets associated with the Giant business and the leases of the underperforming stores have been provided for as part of the overall restructuring costs.  Net cash costs included in the restructuring charge are expected to be less than US$50 million.

 

Dairy Farm has now embarked on a multi-year transformation programme to reset the future direction and competitiveness of the businessA new leadership team, with the right depth and breadth of experience and functional expertise, is now largely in place.  During the year, this team has focused on developing and implementing new strategies and business performance initiatives.  It has also reorganised the businesses into a new streamlined and centralised structure, with regional hubs based in Hong Kong and Singapore and the addition of enhanced functional leadership in key disciplines. 

 

There were several significant corporate developments during the year.  In November, Dairy Farm entered into a partnership with the Robinsons Retail, the Philippines' third largest retail business, whereby Dairy Farm's Food business in the Philippines has become part of Robinsons Retail, with Dairy Farm now having a 20% interest in the combined business. This new partnership positions the Group well to take advantage of the growing opportunities in the Philippines.

 

In December, Dairy Farm completed the acquisition of the remaining 51% of Rose Pharmacy from its founders, and now owns 100% of the business. This will allow Dairy Farm to drive the next phase of the development of the business.

 

Mandarin Oriental

Mandarin Oriental had a positive year, driven by strong performances from Hong Kong and Singapore.  Results across the rest of Asia were generally higher, but there were mixed results from Europe and there was flat performance in the United States.  Results also benefitted from the receipt of the early termination fees in respect of the management contracts for the Las Vegas and Atlanta hotels.  The impact of the fire in London in June 2018 was mitigated by insurance proceeds.  Underlying profit for the year was 19% higher at US$65 million, compared with US$55 million in 2017.  After taking into account a net non-trading loss primarily relating to accelerated asset write-downs due to the planned closure of The Excelsior, profit attributable to shareholders was US$44 million, compared with US$55 million in 2017.  While the group's results will be adversely affected until the property reopens as a commercial building (The Excelsior contributed US$24 million to underlying profit in 2018), the decision to close the hotel reflects strong commercial property values in Hong Kong and the expected higher yield associated with a commercial building at a time when the hotel requires significant investment. 

 

Following the fire in June 2018, repairs are nearing completion at Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park, London and the hotel is on schedule to reopen fully in April 2019.  While discussions with the group's insurers have not yet been concluded, interim cash payments received during 2018 from the insurers have financed the replacement of fixed assets and provided some compensation for the loss of profits so far.  The jointly-owned Hotel Ritz, Madrid closed at the end of February 2018 to commence an extensive renovation.  

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

Jardine Cycle & Carriage's underlying profit attributable to shareholders was 12% higher at US$858 million, but profit attributable to shareholders fell by 55% to US$420 million, after accounting for net non-trading losses of US$438 million, principally unrealised fair value losses related to non-current investments.  Astra's contribution to underlying profit of US$719 million was up 15%.  The group's Direct Motor Interests contributed US$145 million, 19% higher than 2017, while the contribution from its Other Strategic Interests rose by 107% to US$71 million.

 

Within the group's Direct Motor Interests, Cycle & Carriage Singapore performed well as it grew its earnings by 8% to US$62 million due to improved margins, despite a fall in passenger car sales.  The 25%-owned Truong Hai Auto Corporation performed well, with a 29% increase in its profit contribution to US$73 million, due mainly to higher unit sales and improved margins.  In Malaysia, 59%-owned Cycle & Carriage Bintang contributed a US$2 million profit, mainly comprising dividend income from its investment in Mercedes-Benz Malaysia, while 46%-owned Tunas Ridean in Indonesia recorded a 17% higher profit contribution of US$18 million, reflecting improved performances across all of its segments. 

 

Within Other Strategic Interests, the contribution by 25.5%-held Siam City Cement in Thailand was US$20 million, due to an improved domestic performance and lower one-off expenses, partially offset by lower contributions from its regional operations.  The profit of 24.9%-held Refrigeration Electrical Engineering Corporation in Vietnam of US$19 million was 39% higher due mainly to strong contributions from its power and water investments.  A dividend of US$32 million was recognised on Jardine Cycle & Carriage's 10.6% shareholding in Vinamilk in Vietnam, compared to US$9 million in 2017.

 

Astra

Astra reported net profit under Indonesian accounting standards of Rp21.7 trillion, some US$1.5 billion, 15% higher in its local currency terms.  The group's net debt, excluding financial services subsidiaries, was Rp13.0 trillion (equivalent to US$901 million) at 31st December 2018, down from a net cash position of Rp2.7 trillion (equivalent to US$196 million) at the end of 2017, due mainly to the group's investments in its toll road businesses, a gold mining business and GOJEK.

 

Net income from Astra's automotive division fell slightly to US$597 million, mainly due to lower operating margins despite higher automotive sales.  Astra's car sales were 1% higher at 582,000 units in a wholesale market which was 7% higher in the year, but increased competition resulted in a decline in market share from 54% to 51%.  Astra Honda Motor's market share was flat at 75%, although its domestic sales of motorcycles increased by 9% to 4.8 million units while the wholesale market increased by 8%.  Astra Otoparts, the group's automotive components business, saw net income increase by 11% to US$43 million.

 

Net income from financial services increased by 28% to US$337 million, due to improved contributions from its consumer finance, banking and general insurance businesses.  The net income contribution from the group's car-focused finance companies increased by 26% to US$86 million and the contribution from motorcycle-focused Federal International Finance was 16% higher at US$162 million.  The group's consumer finance businesses overall saw a 1% decrease in the amount financed to US$5.6 billion during the year, due to a reduction in the amount financed in the low-cost car segment. 

 

The net income contribution from the group's heavy equipment-focused finance operations increased by 30% to US$6 million, partly due to lower loan loss provisions, while Permata Bank, in which Astra holds a 44.6% interest, reported net income of US$63 million, compared to US$56 million in 2017.

 

General insurer Asuransi Astra Buana saw its net income increase by 4% to US$73 million, and life insurance joint venture, Astra Aviva Life, continued to acquire new individual life customers and participants for its corporate employee benefits programmes.

 

United Tractors, which is 59.5%-owned, reported net income 50% higher at US$775 million, mainly due to improved performances in its construction machinery, mining contracting and mining operations, all of which benefitted from higher coal prices compared with 2017.  Within United Tractors' construction machinery business, Komatsu heavy equipment sales were up 29%, and parts and service revenues were also higher.  The mining contracting operations of Pamapersada Nusantara recorded an 11% increase in coal production, while overburden removal was up 22%.  United Tractors' coal mining subsidiaries reported an 11% increase in coal sales.  Agincourt Resources, in which United Tractors acquired a 95% interest in December 2018 and which operates a gold mining concession in Sumatra, reported gold sales of 35,000 oz in December 2018.  Acset Indonusa, United Tractor's 50.1%-owned general contractor reported a 88% decrease in net income to US$1 million, mainly due to increased financing costs. US$112 million of new construction projects were secured during 2018.

 

25%-owned Bhumi Jati Power is in the process of constructing two 1,000MW power plants in Central Java, which are scheduled to start commercial operation in 2021.

 

Astra Agro Lestari, which is 80%-owned, reported a 27% decline in net income to US$101 million, primarily due to a fall in crude palm oil prices. This more than offset a 30% increase in crude palm oil and derivatives sales to 2.3 million tonnes.

 

The group's infrastructure and logistics division reported a net income of US$14 million in 2018, compared to a net loss of US$17 million in the prior year. This was mainly due to improved earnings from the Tangerang-Merak toll road and Serasi Autoraya, as well as the inclusion in the prior year's results of a one-off loss on the disposal of Astra's 49% interest in PAM Lyonnaise Jaya.  Astra has interests in 302km of operational toll roads along the Trans-Java network, with a further 11km in Greater Jakarta under construction.  Serasi Autoraya's net income increased by 50% to US$21 million, primarily due to improved operating margins in its car leasing and rental businesses.  Net income from the group's information technology division was 5% higher at US$15 million.

 

The group's property division reported a 28% lower net profit at US$11 million under local accounting standards, due mainly to reduced development earnings recognised from its Anandamaya Residences project as a result of lower percentage completion in its final stages of construction.

 

Outlook

After a good performance in 2018 driven primarily by Astra, Hongkong Land and Jardine Cycle & Carriage, we expect the Group to face more challenging conditions in 2019 due to economic uncertainties affecting consumer sentiment and commodity prices.

 

Ben Keswick

Chairman and Managing Director

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account

for the year ended 31st December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

2017

Underlying

business

performance

US$m

 

Non-

trading

items

US$m

 

 

Total

US$m

 

Underlying

business

performance

US$m

restated

Non-

trading

items

US$m

restated

 

 

Total

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue (note 2)

 

34,094

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

34,094

 

 

 

 

30,848

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

30,848

 

 

Net operating costs (note 3)

 

(30,386)

 

 

 

(863)

 

 

 

 

(31,249)

 

 

 

 

(27,931)

 

 

 

340

 

 

 

 

(27,591)

 

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

-

 

 

 

1,236

 

 

 

 

1,236

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,701

 

 

 

 

4,701

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

3,708

 

 

 

373

 

 

 

 

4,081

 

 

 

 

2,917

 

 

 

5,041

 

 

 

 

7,958

 

 

Net financing charges

 

(306)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(306)

 

 

 

 

(153)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(153)

 

 

Share of results of Jardine Matheson (note 4)

 

228

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

211

 

 

 

 

251

 

 

 

120

 

 

 

 

371

 

 

Share of results of associates and joint ventures (note 5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- before change in fair value of investment properties

 

1,082

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1,083

 

 

 

 

1,025

 

 

 

(4)

 

 

 

 

1,021

 

 

- change in fair value of investment properties

 

-

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,082

 

 

 

190

 

 

 

 

1,272

 

 

 

 

1,025

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

 

 

989

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before tax

 

4,712

 

 

 

546

 

 

 

 

5,258

 

 

 

 

4,040

 

 

 

5,125

 

 

 

 

9,165

 

 

Tax (note 6)

 

(923)

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

(912)

 

 

 

 

(748)

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

(749)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after tax

 

3,789

 

 

 

557

 

 

 

 

4,346

 

 

 

 

3,292

 

 

 

5,124

 

 

 

 

8,416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company (notes 7 & 9)

 

1,784

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

 

1,836

 

 

 

 

1,570

 

 

 

2,735

 

 

 

 

4,305

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

2,005

 

 

 

505

 

 

 

 

2,510

 

 

 

 

1,722

 

 

 

2,389

 

 

 

 

4,111

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,789

 

 

 

557

 

 

 

 

4,346

 

 

 

 

3,292

 

 

 

5,124

 

 

 

 

8,416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share (note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- basic

 

3.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.23

 

 

 

 

2.71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.44

 

 

- diluted

 

3.13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.23

 

 

 

 

2.71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the year ended 31st December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

 

4,346

 

 

 

 

 

8,416

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income/(expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurements of defined benefit plans

 

 

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

Net revaluation surplus before transfer to

investment properties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-  intangible assets

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

-  tangible assets

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Reversal of fair value gain upon reclassification

of equity investments to associates

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

(67)

 

 

 

Tax on items that will not be reclassified

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

(52)

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive (expense)/income of

Jardine Matheson

 

 

(19)

 

 

 

 

 

49

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive income/(expense) of

associates and joint ventures

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

(9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

 

 

 

(12)

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit

or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net exchange translation differences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net (loss)/gain arising during the year

 

 

(784)

 

 

 

 

 

129

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(737)

 

 

 

 

 

138

 

 

 

Revaluation of other investments at fair value through

other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net (loss)/gain arising during the year

 

 

(22)

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(25)

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain/(loss) arising during the year

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

(39)

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

(29)

 

 

 

Tax relating to items that may be reclassified

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive (expense)/income of

Jardine Matheson

 

 

(49)

 

 

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive (expense)/income of

associates and joint ventures

 

 

(489)

 

 

 

 

 

345

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,282)

 

 

 

 

 

537

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (expense)/income for the year,

net of tax

 

 

(1,297)

 

 

 

 

 

525

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

 

3,049

 

 

 

 

 

8,941

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company

 

 

1,219

 

 

 

 

 

4,701

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

1,830

 

 

 

 

 

4,240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,049

 

 

 

 

 

8,941

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Consolidated Balance Sheet

at 31st December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

At 1st January

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

restated

 

 

 

2017

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

3,205

 

 

 

2,832

 

 

 

2,661

 

Tangible assets

 

6,991

 

 

 

6,291

 

 

 

5,612

 

Investment properties

 

34,299

 

 

 

33,100

 

 

 

28,173

 

Bearer plants

 

487

 

 

 

498

 

 

 

497

 

Investment in Jardine Matheson

 

3,219

 

 

 

3,103

 

 

 

2,468

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

13,773

 

 

 

12,189

 

 

 

9,810

 

Other investments

 

2,543

 

 

 

2,629

 

 

 

1,328

 

Non-current debtors

 

3,060

 

 

 

3,019

 

 

 

2,916

 

Deferred tax assets

 

349

 

 

 

375

 

 

 

333

 

Pension assets

 

-

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

67,926

 

 

 

64,041

 

 

 

53,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Properties for sale

 

2,339

 

 

 

2,594

 

 

 

1,620

 

Stocks and work in progress

 

2,960

 

 

 

2,681

 

 

 

2,568

 

Current debtors

 

6,993

 

 

 

6,260

 

 

 

6,245

 

Current investments

 

50

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

65

 

Current tax assets

 

185

 

 

 

162

 

 

 

168

 

Bank balances and other liquid funds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

4,403

 

 

 

5,061

 

 

 

4,874

 

- financial services companies

 

187

 

 

 

241

 

 

 

229

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,590

 

 

 

5,302

 

 

 

5,103

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,117

 

 

 

17,022

 

 

 

15,769

 

Assets classified as held for sale

 

-

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

17,117

 

 

 

17,033

 

 

 

15,772

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

85,043

 

 

 

81,074

 

 

 

69,570

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

At 1st January

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

restated

 

 

 

2017

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

56

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

56

 

Share premium and capital reserves

 

1,025

 

 

 

1,011

 

 

 

1,020

 

Revenue and other reserves

 

32,579

 

 

 

31,486

 

 

 

27,016

 

Own shares held

 

(2,139)

 

 

 

(2,000)

 

 

 

(1,918)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' funds

 

31,521

 

 

 

30,553

 

 

 

26,174

 

Non-controlling interests

 

28,428

 

 

 

27,677

 

 

 

24,106

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

59,949

 

 

 

58,230

 

 

 

50,280

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

5,315

 

 

 

5,856

 

 

 

5,118

 

- financial services companies

 

1,655

 

 

 

1,487

 

 

 

1,518

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,970

 

 

 

7,343

 

 

 

6,636

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

761

 

 

 

515

 

 

 

483

 

Pension liabilities

 

304

 

 

 

297

 

 

 

273

 

Non-current creditors

 

339

 

 

 

322

 

 

 

436

 

Non-current provisions

 

272

 

 

 

151

 

 

 

129

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

8,646

 

 

 

8,628

 

 

 

7,957

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current creditors

 

8,899

 

 

 

8,600

 

 

 

6,953

 

Current borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

5,096

 

 

 

2,978

 

 

 

1,771

 

- financial services companies

 

1,825

 

 

 

2,154

 

 

 

2,265

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,921

 

 

 

5,132

 

 

 

4,036

 

Current tax liabilities

 

431

 

 

 

338

 

 

 

243

 

Current provisions

 

197

 

 

 

140

 

 

 

101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,448

 

 

 

14,210

 

 

 

11,333

 

Liabilities classified as held for sale

 

-

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

16,448

 

 

 

14,216

 

 

 

11,333

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

25,094

 

 

 

22,844

 

 

 

19,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

85,043

 

 

 

81,074

 

 

 

69,570

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

for the year ended 31st December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

capital

US$m

 

Share

premium

US$m

 

Capital

reserves

US$m

 

Revenue

reserves

US$m

 

 

 

Contributed

surplus

US$m

Asset

revaluation

reserves

US$m

 

Hedging

reserves

US$m

 

Exchange

reserves

US$m

 

Own

shares

held

US$m

Attributable to shareholders of the Company

US$m

Attributable

to non-controlling interests

US$m

 

Total

equity

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as previously reported

56

 

816

 

195

 

32,604

 

304

 

264

 

(7)

 

(1,683)

 

(2,000)

 

30,549

 

27,672

 

58,221

 

- change in accounting policies (note 1)

-

 

-

 

-

 

31

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(7)

 

-

 

24

 

50

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as restated

56

 

816

 

195

 

32,635

 

304

 

264

 

(7)

 

(1,690)

 

(2,000)

 

30,573

 

27,722

 

58,295

 

Total comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

-

 

1,802

 

-

 

-

 

(6)

 

(577)

 

-

 

1,219

 

1,830

 

3,049

 

Dividends paid by the Company (note 10)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(185)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(185)

 

-

 

(185)

 

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(844)

 

(844)

 

Unclaimed dividends forfeited

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

 

Employee share option schemes

-

 

-

 

19

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

19

 

-

 

19

 

Scrip issued in lieu of dividends

-

 

-

 

-

 

9

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

9

 

-

 

9

 

Increase in own shares held

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(139)

 

(139)

 

-

 

(139)

 

Subsidiaries acquired

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

57

 

57

 

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

22

 

22

 

Change in interests in subsidiaries

-

 

-

 

-

 

18

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

18

 

(378)

 

(360)

 

Change in interests in associates and joint ventures

-

 

-

 

-

 

6

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

6

 

19

 

25

 

Transfer

-

 

-

 

(5)

 

5

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

56

 

816

 

209

 

34,291

 

304

 

264

 

(13)

 

(2,267)

 

(2,139)

 

31,521

 

28,428

 

59,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as previously reported

56

 

816

 

204

 

28,498

 

304

 

262

 

(16)

 

(2,064)

 

(1,918)

 

26,142

 

24,064

 

50,206

 

- change in accounting policies (note 1)

-

 

-

 

-

 

40

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(8)

 

-

 

32

 

42

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as restated

56

 

816

 

204

 

28,538

 

304

 

262

 

(16)

 

(2,072)

 

(1,918)

 

26,174

 

24,106

 

50,280

 

Total comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

-

 

4,308

 

-

 

2

 

9

 

382

 

-

 

4,701

 

4,240

 

8,941

 

Dividends paid by the Company (note 10)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(177)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(177)

 

-

 

(177)

 

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(766)

 

(766)

 

Unclaimed dividends forfeited

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

 

Employee share option schemes

-

 

-

 

12

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

12

 

-

 

12

 

Scrip issued in lieu of dividends

-

 

-

 

-

 

7

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

7

 

-

 

7

 

Increase in own shares held

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(82)

 

(82)

 

-

 

(82)

 

Subsidiaries acquired

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

107

 

107

 

Subsidiaries disposed of

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

Capital repayment to non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(3)

 

(3)

 

Change in interests in subsidiaries

-

 

-

 

-

 

(48)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(48)

 

(16)

 

(64)

 

Change in interests in associates and joint ventures

-

 

-

 

-

 

(35)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(35)

 

10

 

(25)

 

Transfer

-

 

-

 

(21)

 

21

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

56

 

816

 

195

 

32,615

 

304

 

264

 

(7)

 

(1,690)

 

(2,000)

 

30,553

 

27,677

 

58,230

 

                                                                                               

Contributed surplus represents the excess in value of shares acquired in consideration for the issue of the Company's shares, over the nominal value of those shares issued.  Under the Bye-laws of the Company, the contributed surplus is distributable. 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

for the year ended 31st December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

4,081

 

 

 

7,958

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

(1,236)

 

 

 

(4,701)

 

Depreciation and amortisation

 

1,035

 

 

 

917

 

Other non-cash items

 

1,160

 

 

 

15

 

Increase in working capital

 

(848)

 

 

 

(381)

 

Interest received

 

156

 

 

 

167

 

Interest and other financing charges paid

 

(466)

 

 

 

(310)

 

Tax paid

 

(843)

 

 

 

(694)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,039

 

 

 

2,971

 

Dividends from associates and joint ventures

 

963

 

 

 

779

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

4,002

 

 

 

3,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of subsidiaries (note 11(a))

 

(1,286)

 

 

 

(56)

 

Purchase of shares in Jardine Matheson

 

(99)

 

 

 

(95)

 

Purchase of associates and joint ventures (note 11(b))

 

(1,191)

 

 

 

(1,525)

 

Purchase of other investments (note 11(c))

 

(706)

 

 

 

(1,609)

 

Purchase of intangible assets

 

(121)

 

 

 

(170)

 

Purchase of tangible assets

 

(1,236)

 

 

 

(1,055)

 

Additions to investment properties

 

(163)

 

 

 

(370)

 

Additions to bearer plants

 

(45)

 

 

 

(50)

 

Advance to associates and joint ventures (note 11(d))

 

(990)

 

 

 

(853)

 

Advance and repayment from associates and joint ventures (note 11(e))

 

952

 

 

 

658

 

Sale of subsidiaries (note 11(f))

 

-

 

 

 

86

 

Sale of associates and joint ventures

 

-

 

 

 

66

 

Redemption of convertible bonds by Zhongsheng

 

-

 

 

 

398

 

Sale of other investments (note 11(g))

 

235

 

 

 

369

 

Sale of intangible assets

 

12

 

 

 

2

 

Sale of tangible assets

 

59

 

 

 

20

 

Sale of investment properties

 

-

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

(4,579)

 

 

 

(4,142)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital contribution from/(repayment to) non-controlling    interests

 

22

 

 

 

(3)

 

Change in interests in subsidiaries (note 11(h))

 

(360)

 

 

 

(49)

 

Drawdown of borrowings

 

7,235

 

 

 

6,178

 

Repayment of borrowings

 

(5,698)

 

 

 

(4,500)

 

Dividends paid by the Company

 

(351)

 

 

 

(331)

 

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

 

(844)

 

 

 

(774)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

4

 

 

 

521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(573)

 

 

 

129

 

Cash and cash equivalents at 1st January

 

5,298

 

 

 

5,091

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

 

(170)

 

 

 

78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at 31st December

 

4,555

 

 

 

5,298

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Strategic Holdings Limited

Notes

 

 

1.    Accounting Policies and Basis of Preparation

 

The financial information contained in this announcement has been based on the audited results for the year ended 31st December 2018 which have been prepared in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards, including International Accounting Standards and Interpretations adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board.

 

The Group has adopted the following new accounting standards from 1st January 2018.  Other amendments, which are effective in 2018 and relevant to the Group's operations, do not have a significant effect on the Group's accounting policies.  The Group has not early adopted any standard, interpretation or amendment that have been issued but not yet effective.

 

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'

 

Under IFRS 9, the gains and losses arising from changes in fair value of the Group's investments in equity investments, previously classified as available-for-sale, have been recognised in profit and loss, instead of through other comprehensive income.  Such fair value gains or losses on revaluation of these investments are classified as non-trading items, and do not have any impact on the Group's underlying profit attributable to shareholders and shareholders' funds.  The new forward-looking expected credit loss model, which replaces the incurred loss impairment model, mainly affects the loan impairment provisions of the Group's financial services companies in Indonesia.  The new hedge accounting rules, which align the accounting for hedging instruments closely with the Group's risk management practices, has no significant impact to the Group.

 

IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'

 

IFRS 15 establishes a comprehensive framework for the recognition of revenue.  It replaces IAS 11 'Construction Contracts' and IAS 18 'Revenue' which covers contracts for goods and services.  The core principle in the framework is that revenue is recognised when control of a good or service transfers to a customer.  The new standard mainly changes the Group's revenue recognition on certain property sales, from the completion method to the percentage of completion method.  This will lead to earlier recognition of revenue when compared to the current completion method.

 

Changes to accounting policies on adoption of IFRS 9 and 15 have been applied retrospectively, and the comparative financial statements have been restated.

 

The effects of adopting IFRS 9 and IFRS 15

 

(a)  On the consolidated profit and loss account for the year ended 31st December 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease) in

 

 

 

 

 

 

profit upon adopting

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS 9

 

 

 

IFRS 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(708)

 

 

Net operating costs

 

 

 

265

 

 

 

669

 

 

Share of results of Jardine Matheson

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

 

 

 

(28)

 

 

 

3

 

 

Tax

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after tax

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

(31)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company*

 

 

 

201

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

(16)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

(31)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

Further analysed as:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

Non-trading items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- change in fair value of other investments

 

 

 

304

 

 

 

-

 

 

- sale and closure of businesses

 

 

 

(20)

 

 

 

-

 

 

- sale of other investments

 

 

 

(70)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

214

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

201

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic underlying earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

(0.02)

 

 

 

(0.03)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted underlying earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

(0.02)

 

 

 

(0.03)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

0.35

 

 

 

(0.03)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

0.35

 

 

 

(0.02)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                       

(b)   On the consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the year ended
31st
December 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease) in

 

 

 

 

 

 

total comprehensive

 

 

 

 

 

 

income upon adopting

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFRS 9

 

 

 

IFRS 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

(31)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net exchange translation differences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain arising during the year

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revaluation of other investments at fair value through other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain arising during the year

 

 

 

(364)

 

 

 

-

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

 

72

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive income of Jardine Matheson

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive income of associates and joint ventures

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income for the year, net of tax

 

 

 

(274)

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

 

(29)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

(23)

 

 

 

(14)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

 

(29)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)  On the consolidated balance sheet at 1st January

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease) upon adopting

 

 

 

 

IFRS 9

 

 

 

IFRS 15

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Jardine Matheson

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

 

(12)

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

 

(12)

 

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

(22)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

25

 

 

Other investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- available-for-sale financial
  assets

 

(2,692)

 

 

 

(1,427)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(2,692)

 

 

 

(1,427)

 

 

- equity investments at fair
  value 
through profit and loss

 

2,137

 

 

 

994

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2,137

 

 

 

994

 

 

- debt investments at fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  through other comprehensive

  income

 

613

 

 

 

433

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

613

 

 

 

433

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

-

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Properties for sale

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(353)

 

 

 

(695)

 

 

 

(353)

 

 

 

(695)

 

 

Stocks and work in progress

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

66

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

66

 

 

 

30

 

 

Current debtors

 

(7)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

138

 

 

 

313

 

 

 

131

 

 

 

313

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

29

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(134)

 

 

 

(338)

 

 

 

(105)

 

 

 

(338)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue and other reserves

 

7

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

32

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

22

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

50

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current creditors

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

71

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

71

 

 

 

-

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current creditors

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(258)

 

 

 

(425)

 

 

 

(258)

 

 

 

(425)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(179)

 

 

 

(412)

 

 

 

(179)

 

 

 

(412)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

29

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(134)

 

 

 

(338)

 

 

 

(105)

 

 

 

(338)

 

 

 

Unlisted equity investments included in associates and joint ventures, and other investments, that were previously stated at cost, were measured at fair value at 1st January 2018 upon initial application of IFRS 9 and its transition provision for classification and measurement.

 

(d)  Changes in principal accounting policies on adoption of IFRS 9 and 15

 

Investments

 

The Group classifies its investments into the following measurement categories:

 

(i)  Those to be measured subsequently at fair value, either through other comprehensive income or through profit and loss; and

 

(ii)  Those to be measured at amortised cost.

 

The classification is based on the management's business model and their contractual cash flows characteristics.

 

Equity investments are measured at fair value with fair value gains and losses recognised in profit and loss, unless management has elected to recognise the fair value gains and losses through other comprehensive income.  For equity investments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, gains or losses realised upon disposal are not reclassified to profit and loss.

 

Debt investments that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for sale, where the cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income.  On disposal, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income is reclassified from equity to profit and loss.

 

Debt investments that are held for collection of contractual cash flows till maturity, where the cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at amortised cost.  Any gain or loss arising on disposal is recognised in profit and loss.

 

At initial recognition, the Group measures an investment at its fair value plus, in the case of the investment not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the investment.  Transaction costs of investments carried at fair value through profit and loss are expensed in profit and loss.

 

Investments with embedded derivatives are considered in their entirety when determining whether their cash flows are solely payment of principal and interest.

 

The Group assesses on a forward-looking basis the expected credit losses associated with both types of debt investments.  They are considered 'credit impaired' when one or more events that have a detrimental impact on the estimated future cash flows have occurred.  Any impairment is recognised in profit and loss.

 

All purchases and sales of investments are recognised on the trade date, which is the date that the Group commits to purchase or sell the investments.

 

Investments are classified as non-current assets, unless in the case of debt investments with maturities less than 12 months after the balance sheet date, are classified as current assets.

 

Debtors

 

Financing and trade debtors are recognised initially at the amount of consideration that is unconditional and measured subsequently at amortised cost using the effective interest method.  Finance lease receivables are shown as the finance lease receivables plus the guaranteed residual values at the end of the lease period, net of unearned finance lease income, security deposits and provision for doubtful receivables.  A contract asset arises if the Group has a right to consideration in exchange for goods or services the Group has transferred to a customer, that is conditional on something other than the passage of time.  Repossessed collateral of finance companies are measured at the lower of the carrying amount of the debtors in default and fair value less costs to sell.  All other debtors, excluding derivative financial instruments, are measured at amortised cost except where the effect of discounting would be immaterial.  The Group assesses on a forward-looking basis using the three stages expected credit losses model on potential losses associated with its consumer financing debtors and financing lease receivables.  The impairment measurement is subject to whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.  For trade debtors and contract assets, the Group applied the simplified approach as permitted by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognised from initial recognition of the debtors.  Provision for impairment is established by considering potential financial difficulties of the debtor, probability that the debtor will enter bankruptcy or financial reorganisation, and default or delinquency in payments.  The carrying amount of the asset is reduced through the use of an allowance account and the amount of the loss is recognised in arriving at operating profit.  When a debtor is uncollectible, it is written off against the allowance account.  Subsequent recoveries of amount previously written off are credited to profit and loss.

 

Debtors with maturities greater than 12 months after the balance sheet date are classified under non-current assets.

 

Non-trading items

 

Non-trading items are separately identified to provide greater understanding of the Group's underlying business performance. Items classified as non-trading items include fair value gains or losses on revaluation of investment properties and equity investments which are measured at fair value through profit and loss; gains and losses arising from the sale of businesses, investments and properties; impairment of non-depreciable intangible assets and other investments; provisions for the closure of businesses; acquisition-related costs in business combinations; and other credits and charges of a non-recurring nature that require inclusion in order to provide additional insight into underlying business performance.

 

Revenue recognition

 

(i)    Property

 

Properties for sale

 

Revenue from properties for sale is recognised when or as the control of the property is transferred to the customer.  Revenue consists of the fair value of the consideration received and receivable, net of value added tax, rebates and discounts.  Proceeds received in advance for pre-sale are recorded as contract liabilities.  Depending on the terms of the contract and the laws that apply to the contract, control of the property may transfer over time or at a point in time.

 

If control of the property transfers over time, revenue is recognised over the period of the contract by reference to the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation.  Otherwise, revenue is recognised at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the property.

 

The progress towards complete satisfaction of the performance obligation is measured based on the Group's efforts or inputs to the satisfaction of the performance obligation, by reference to the contract costs incurred up to the end of reporting period as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

 

For properties for sale under development and sales contract for which the control of the property is transferred at a point in time, revenue is recognised when the customer obtains the physical possession or the legal title of the completed property and the Group has present right to payment and the collection of the consideration is probable.

 

Investment properties

 

Rental income from investment properties are accounted for on an accrual basis over the lease terms.

 

(ii)   Motor vehicles

 

Revenue from the sale of motor vehicles, including motorcycles, and rendering of aftersales services, is recognised through dealership structures.  In instances where the contracts with customers include multiple deliverables, the separate performance obligations are identified.  The transaction price, which is represented by the consideration fixed in the contract and net of discounts if any, is then allocated to each performance obligation based on their relative stand-alone selling prices.  When a stand-alone selling price is not directly observable, it is estimated.  Revenue from the sale of motor vehicles is recognised when control of the motor vehicles is transferred to the customer, which generally coincides with the point of delivery.  Revenue from the aftersales services is recognised when the services are rendered.  In instances where payments are received in advance from customers but there are unfulfilled aftersales services obligations by the Group, a contract liability is recognised for which revenue is subsequently recognised over time as the services are rendered.

 

(iii)  Retail and restaurants

 

Revenue from retail includes sales from the supermarket and hypermarkets, health and beauty stores, and home furnishing stores.  Revenue consists of the fair value of goods sold to customers, net of returns, discounts and sales related taxes.  Sale of goods is recognised at the point of sale, when the control of the asset is transferred to the customers, and is recorded at the net amount received from customers.

 

Revenue from restaurants comprises the sale of food and beverages and is recognised at the point when the Group sells the food and beverages to the customer and payment is due immediately when the customer purchases the food and beverages.

 

(iv)  Financial services

 

Revenue from consumer financing and finance leases is recognised over the term of the respective contracts based on a constant rate of return on the net investment, using the effective interest method.  Revenue from insurance premiums is recognised proportionately over the period of coverage.  The portion of premium received on in-force contracts that relates to unexpired risks at the balance sheet date is reported as the unearned premium liability.

 

(v)   Engineering, heavy equipment, mining and construction

 

Engineering

 

Revenue from engineering, including supplying, installing and servicing engineering equipment is recognised over time based on the enforceable right to payment for the performance completed to date and using the output method on the basis of direct measurements of the value to customer of the Group's performance to date, as evidenced by the certification by qualified architects and/or surveyors.  When there is more than one single performance obligation under a contract or any contract modification creates a separate performance obligation, the revenue will be allocated to each performance obligation based on their relative stand-alone selling prices.  Payments received in advance from customers but there are unfulfilled obligations, are recognised as contract liabilities.

 

Claims, variations and liquidated damages are accounted for as variable consideration and are included in contract revenue provided that it is highly probable that a significant reversal will not occur in the future.

 

Heavy equipment

 

Revenue from heavy equipment includes sale of heavy equipment and rendering of maintenance services.  In instances where the contracts with customers include multiple deliverables, the separate performance obligations are identified and generally referred as sale of heavy equipment and rendering of maintenance services.  The transaction price, which is represented by the consideration fixed in the contract and net of discounts if any, is then allocated to each performance obligation based on their relative stand-alone selling prices.  Revenue from the sale of heavy equipment is recognised when control of the heavy equipment is transferred to the customer, which generally coincides with the point of delivery.  Payments from customers for maintenance services are received in advance and recognised as a contract liability.  Revenue from the maintenance services is recognised based on the actual service provided to the end of the reporting period as a proportion of the total services to be reported, as soon as it can be estimated reliably.  The stage of completion is measured by reference to cost incurred to date compared to estimated total costs for each contract.

 

Mining

 

Revenue from mining includes contract mining services and through the Group's own production.  The performance obligations identified as contract mining services relate to the extraction of coal and removal of overburden on behalf of the customers.  Revenue is recognised when the services are rendered by reference to the volume of coal extracted and overburden removed at contracted rates, and payment is due upon delivery.  Revenue from its own mining production is recognised when control of the output is transferred to the customer, which generally coincides with the point of delivery.

 

Construction

 

Revenue from construction includes contracts to provide construction and foundation services for building, civil and maritime works.  Under the contracts, the Group's construction activities creates or enhances an asset or work in progress that the customer controls as the asset is created or enhanced, and hence revenue is recognised over time by reference to the progress towards completing the construction works.  Under this method, the revenue recognised is based on the latest estimate of the total value of the contract and actual completion rate determined by reference to the physical state of progress of the works.  

 

Claims, variations and liquidated damages are accounted for as variable consideration and are included in contract revenue provided that it is highly probable that a significant reversal will not occur in the future.

 

(vi)  Hotels

 

Revenue from hotel ownership comprises amounts earned in respect of rental of rooms, food and beverage sales, and other ancillary services and goods supplied by the subsidiary hotels.  Revenue is recognised over the period when rooms are occupied or services are performed.  Revenue from the sale of food and beverages and goods is recognised at the point of sale when the food and beverages and goods are delivered to customers.  Payment is due immediately when the hotel guest occupies the room and receives the services and goods.

 

Revenue from hotel and residences branding and management comprises gross fees earned from the branding and management of all the hotels and residences operated by the Group.  Branding and management fees are recognised over time as determined by the relevant contract, taking into account the performance of the hotels, and the sales and operating expenses of the residences.  Fees charged to the subsidiary hotels are eliminated upon consolidation.  Hotels and residences are invoiced in accordance with the terms of contract and fees are payable when invoiced.

 

 

2.    Revenue

 

 

 

 

Gross revenue

 

 

 

       Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson

 

24,706

 

 

 

18,438

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

Hongkong Land

 

4,642

 

 

 

4,291

 

 

 

2,665

 

 

 

1,616

 

 

Dairy Farm

 

21,957

 

 

 

21,827

 

 

 

11,749

 

 

 

11,289

 

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

985

 

 

 

983

 

 

 

614

 

 

 

611

 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

7,277

 

 

 

6,645

 

 

 

1,938

 

 

 

1,972

 

 

Astra

 

33,072

 

 

 

31,077

 

 

 

17,133

 

 

 

15,365

 

 

Intersegment transactions

 

(291)

 

 

 

(260)

 

 

 

(5)

 

 

 

(5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

92,348

 

 

 

83,001

 

 

 

34,094

 

 

 

30,848

 

 

Gross revenue comprises revenue together with 100% of revenue from associates and joint ventures.

 

 

 

3.    Net Operating Costs

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

(25,044)

 

 

 

(22,792)

 

 

Other operating income

 

759

 

 

 

854

 

 

Selling and distribution costs

 

(3,794)

 

 

 

(3,663)

 

 

Administration expenses

 

(2,020)

 

 

 

(1,843)

 

 

Other operating expenses

 

(1,150)

 

 

 

(147)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(31,249)

 

 

 

(27,591)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating costs included the following gains/(losses) from non-trading items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of other investments

 

(480)

 

 

 

364

 

 

Sale and closure of businesses

 

153

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

Sale of property interests

 

28

 

 

 

-

 

 

Restructuring of businesses (note 9)

 

(467)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Reclassification of a joint venture as a subsidiary

 

(61)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Redevelopment of a hotel

 

(27)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Other

 

(9)

 

 

 

(7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(863)

 

 

 

340

 

 

4.    Share of Results of Jardine Matheson

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Pacific

 

102

 

 

 

96

 

 

Jardine Motors

 

61

 

 

 

199

 

 

Jardine Lloyd Thompson

 

25

 

 

 

35

 

 

Corporate and other interests

 

23

 

 

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

211

 

 

 

371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of results of Jardine Matheson included the following gains/(losses) from non-trading items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

9

 

 

 

3

 

 

Change in fair value of other investments

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

Sale and closure of businesses

 

(11)

 

 

 

5

 

 

Sale of property interests

 

3

 

 

 

110

 

 

Costs associated with regulatory reviews

 

(10)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Merger-related costs

 

(9)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Other

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

120

 

 

Results are shown after tax and non-controlling interests in Jardine Matheson.

 

 

5.    Share of Results of Associates and Joint Ventures

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson

 

99

 

 

 

37

 

 

Hongkong Land

 

428

 

 

 

248

 

 

Dairy Farm

 

133

 

 

 

142

 

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

6

 

 

 

11

 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

127

 

 

 

104

 

 

Astra

 

479

 

 

 

445

 

 

Corporate and other interests

 

-

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,272

 

 

 

989

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of results of associates and joint ventures included the following gains/(losses) from non-trading items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

189

 

 

 

(32)

 

 

Change in fair value of other investments

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

Sale and closure of businesses

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

Other

 

-

 

 

 

(6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

190

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

Results are shown after tax and non-controlling interests in the associates and joint ventures.

 

 

6.    Tax

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax charged to profit and loss is analysed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current tax

 

(872)

 

 

 

(792)

 

 

Deferred tax

 

(40)

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(912)

 

 

 

(749)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater China

 

(282)

 

 

 

(238)

 

 

Southeast Asia

 

(642)

 

 

 

(506)

 

 

United Kingdom

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

Rest of the world

 

12

 

 

 

(6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(912)

 

 

 

(749)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax relating to components of other comprehensive income is analysed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurements of defined benefit plans

 

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

(13)

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

9

 

 

Tax on profits has been calculated at rates of taxation prevailing in the territories in which the Group operates.

 

Share of tax charge of Jardine Matheson of US$30 million and credit of US$5 million (2017: charge of US$42 million and US$12 million) are included in share of results of Jardine Matheson and share of other comprehensive income of Jardine Matheson, respectively.

 

Share of tax charge of associates and joint ventures of US$483 million and US$6 million (2017: charge of US$430 million and credit of US$12 million) are included in share of results of associates and joint ventures and share of other comprehensive income of associates and joint ventures, respectively.

 

 

7.    Profit attributable to Shareholders

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating segments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson

 

327

 

 

 

305

 

 

 

Hongkong Land

 

520

 

 

 

473

 

 

 

Dairy Farm

 

330

 

 

 

312

 

 

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

53

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

121

 

 

 

98

 

 

 

Astra

 

554

 

 

 

467

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,905

 

 

 

1,697

 

 

 

Corporate and other interests

 

(121)

 

 

 

(127)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders*

 

1,784

 

 

 

1,570

 

 

 

Revaluation of investment properties

 

719

 

 

 

2,326

 

 

 

Revaluation of other investments

 

(377)

 

 

 

304

 

 

 

Other non-trading items

 

(290)

 

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

1,836

 

 

 

4,305

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders is the measure of profit adopted by the Group in accordance with IFRS 8 'Operating Segments'.

 

 

8.  Earnings per Share

 

Basic earnings per share are calculated on profit attributable to shareholders of US$1,836 million (2017: US$4,305 million) and on the weighted average number of 569 million (2017: 579 million) shares in issue during the year.

 

Diluted earnings per share are calculated on profit attributable to shareholders of US$1,836 million (2017: US$4,304 million), which is after adjusting for the effects of the conversion of dilutive potential ordinary shares of Jardine Matheson, subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures, and on the weighted average number of 569 million (2017: 579 million) shares in issue during the year.

 

The weighted average number of shares is arrived at as follows:

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shares

in millions

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares in issue

 

1,108

 

 

 

1,108

 

 

Company's share of shares held by Jardine Matheson

 

(539)

 

 

 

(529)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares for earnings per share calculation

 

569

 

 

 

579

 

 

Additional basic and diluted earnings per share are also calculated based on underlying profit attributable to shareholders.  A reconciliation of earnings is set out below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

Basic earnings per share

US$

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

US$

 

 

US$m

 

 

Basic earnings per share

US$

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

1,836

 

 

3.23

 

 

3.23

 

 

4,305

 

 

7.44

 

 

7.44

 

 

Non-trading items (note 9)

 

(52)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,735)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders

 

1,784

 

 

3.14

 

 

3.13

 

 

1,570

 

 

2.71

 

 

2.71

 

 

9.    Non-trading items

 

Non-trading items are separately identified to provide greater understanding of the Group's underlying business performance.  Items classified as non-trading items include fair value gains or losses on revaluation of investment properties and equity investments which are measured at fair value through profit and loss; gains and losses arising from the sale of businesses, investments and properties; impairment of non-depreciable intangible assets and other investments; provisions for the closure of businesses; acquisition-related costs in business combinations; and other credits and charges of a non-recurring nature that require inclusion in order to provide additional insight into underlying business performance.

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson

 

(17)

 

 

 

120

 

 

Hongkong Land

 

715

 

 

 

2,334

 

 

Dairy Farm

 

(258)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

(17)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

(333)

 

 

 

120

 

 

Astra

 

4

 

 

 

7

 

 

Corporate and other interests

 

(42)

 

 

 

154

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

2,735

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An analysis of non-trading items after interest, tax and non-controlling interests is set out below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Hongkong Land

 

705

 

 

 

2,306

 

 

- other

 

14

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

719

 

 

 

2,326

 

 

Change in fair value of other investments

 

(377)

 

 

 

304

 

 

Sale and closure of businesses

 

107

 

 

 

(4)

 

 

Sale of property interests

 

25

 

 

 

110

 

 

Tax refund on disposal of other investments in prior year

 

19

 

 

 

-

 

 

Restructuring of businesses

 

(352)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Reclassification of a joint venture as a subsidiary

 

(48)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Redevelopment of a hotel

 

(21)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Costs associated with regulatory reviews

 

(10)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Merger-related costs

 

(9)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Other

 

(1)

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

2,735

 

 

 

Restructuring of businesses related to Dairy Farm's restructuring of its Southeast Asia Food business following the completion of a strategic review. The charges comprised impairment charges of the carrying values of certain goodwill and assets, as well as provisions related to the associated leases of the underperforming stores and future payments to landlords, tenants and employees.

 

Sale and closure of businesses included a gain of US$112 million related to the disposal of a subsidiary in the Philippines by Dairy Farm under a partnership arrangement with Robinsons Retail Holdings, Inc. ('Robinsons Retail'), a multi-format retailer listed on the Philippine Stock Exchange.

 

 

10.  Dividends

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final dividend in respect of 2017 of US¢22.50

(2016: US¢21.00) per share

 

249

 

 

 

233

 

 

Interim dividend in respect of 2018 of US¢10.00

(2017: US¢9.50) per share

 

111

 

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

360

 

 

 

338

 

 

Company's share of dividends paid on the shares held by Jardine Matheson

 

(175)

 

 

 

(161)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

185

 

 

 

177

 

 

A final dividend in respect of 2018 of US¢24 (2017: US¢22.50) per share amounting to a total of US$266 million (2017: US$249 million) is proposed by the Board.  The dividend proposed will not be accounted for until it has been approved at the 2019 Annual General Meeting.  The net amount after deducting the Company's share of the dividends payable on the shares held by Jardine Matheson of US$130 million (2017: US$120 million) will be accounted for as an appropriation of revenue reserves in the year ending 31st December 2019.

 

 

11Notes to Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

 

       (a)   Purchase of subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

2018

Fair

value

US$m

 

 

 

2017

Fair

value

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

434

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

Tangible assets

 

838

 

 

 

190

 

 

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

-

 

 

 

283

 

 

 

Non-current debtors

 

25

 

 

 

95

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

1

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Current assets

 

143

 

 

 

309

 

 

 

Long-term borrowings

 

(104)

 

 

 

(35)

 

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

(209)

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

 

Pension liabilities

 

(4)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Non-current creditors

 

-

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

Non-current provision

 

(25)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

(170)

 

 

 

(127)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of identifiable net assets acquired

 

929

 

 

 

714

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

270

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Adjustment for non-controlling interests

 

(57)

 

 

 

(107)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total consideration

 

1,142

 

 

 

607

 

 

 

Adjustment for deposit paid

 

-

 

 

 

(12)

 

 

 

Net debt repaid at date of acquisition

 

148

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Payment for deferred consideration

 

82

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Adjustment for deferred consideration

 

(24)

 

 

 

(87)

 

 

 

Carrying value of associates and joint ventures

 

(44)

 

 

 

(301)

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents of subsidiaries acquired

 

(18)

 

 

 

(151)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash outflow

 

1,286

 

 

 

56

 

 

For the subsidiaries acquired during 2018, the fair values of the identifiable assets and liabilities at the acquisition dates are provisional and will be finalised within one year after the acquisition dates.

 

The fair values of the identifiable assets and liabilities at the acquisition dates of certain subsidiaries acquired during 2017 as included in the comparative figures were provisional.  The fair values were finalised in 2018.  As the difference between the provisional and the finalised fair values were not material, the comparative figures have not been adjusted.

 

Net cash outflow for purchase of subsidiaries in 2018 included US$55 million for Dairy Farm's acquisition of an additional 51% interest in Rose Pharmacy, a health and beauty stores chain in the Philippines, increasing its controlling interest to 100%; and US$1,150 million (including a repayment of net debt of US$148 million) for Astra's acquisition of a 95% interest in PT Agincourt Resources, a gold mining company.  In addition, there were cash outflows of US$69 million and US$13 million for Astra's payment of deferred consideration for investments in toll road concessions and acquisition of an 80% interest in PT Suprabari Mapanindo Mineral ('Suprabari'), a coal mining company, respectively, in 2017.

 

Goodwill in 2018 mainly arose from the acquisitions of Rose Pharmacy of US$97 million, attributable to the leading market position and retail network in the Philippines; and PT Agincourt Resources of US$171 million, attributable to the requirement to recognise deferred tax on the difference between the fair value and the tax value of the assets at the date of acquisition. None of the goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

 

Net cash outflow in 2017 comprised US$42 million for Hongkong Land's acquisition of an additional 50% interest in MCL Land (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, a property development company, increasing its controlling interest to 100%; and an additional consideration of US$14 million for Astra's acquisition of the above mentioned 80% interest in Suprabari.

 

Revenue and profit after tax since acquisition in respect of subsidiaries acquired during the year amounted to US$249 million and US$69 million, respectively.  Had the acquisitions occurred on 1st January 2018, consolidated revenue and profit after tax for the year ended 31st December 2018 would have been US$34,861 million and US$4,507 million, respectively.

 

(b)  Purchase of associates and joint ventures in 2018 mainly included US$834 million for Hongkong Land's investments in mainland China, Thailand and Vietnam; US$220 million related to Dairy Farm's acquisition of a 20% interest in Robinsons Retail; and US$99 million for Astra's investments in toll road concessions.

 

Purchases in 2017 included Hongkong Land's investments in mainland China, Thailand and Vietnam for a total of US$438 million; Jardine Cycle & Carriage's subscription to rights issue and purchase of additional shares in Siam City Cement Public Company Limited in Thailand of US$138 million, increasing its interest from 24.9% to 25.5%; Astra's investments in toll road concessions of US$274 million and a 25% interest in power plants of US$207 million in Indonesia, and subscription to Permata Bank's rights issue of US$44 million; and the Company's acquisition of a 28% interest in Greatview Aseptic Packaging Company Limited, an aseptic carton packaging supplier, of US$241 million and additional investment in Zhongsheng of US$172 million, increasing its interest from 15.5% to 20.0%.

 

(c)  Purchase of other investments in 2018 included US$200 million and US$62 million for Jardine Cycle & Carriage's investments in shares in Toyota Motor Corporation and additional shares in Vietnam Dairy Products increasing its interest to 10.6%, respectively; and US$150 million and US$280 million for Astra's investments in GOJEK and other securities, respectively.

 

Purchases in 2017 comprised US$1,160 million for acquisition of a 10% interest in Vietnam Dairy Products by Jardine Cycle & Carriage and US$449 million for acquisition of securities by Astra.

 

(d)  Advance to associates and joint ventures in 2018 and 2017 mainly included Hongkong Land's advance to its property joint ventures.

 

(e)  Advance and repayment from associates and joint ventures in 2018 and 2017 mainly included advance and repayment from Hongkong Land's property joint ventures.

 

(f)   Sale of subsidiaries in 2017 included US$83 million for disposal of a mutual fund company by Astra.

 

(g)  Sale of other investments in 2018 mainly included Astra's sale of securities.

 

Sale in 2017 mainly included disposal of securities by Astra and the Company of US$261 million and US$95 million, respectively.

 

 

(h)  Change in interests in subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in attributable interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Hongkong Land

 

(131)

 

-

 

 

 

- Mandarin Oriental

 

(33)

 

-

 

 

 

- other

 

(200)

 

(64)

 

 

 

Decrease in attributable interests

 

4

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(360)

 

(49)

 

 

Increase in attributable interests in other subsidiaries in 2018 included US$196 million for Astra's acquisition of the remaining 25% interest in Astra Sedaya Finance, a consumer financing company, from Permata Bank, increasing its controlling interest to 100%.

 

Increase in 2017 included Dairy Farm's acquisition of a further 34% interest in Rustan Supercenters Inc. in the Philippines of US$60 million, increasing the Group's controlling interest to 100%.

 

 

12.  Jardine Strategic Corporate Cash Flow

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2017

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends receivable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subsidiaries

 

740

 

 

 

702

 

 

Jardine Matheson

 

682

 

 

 

620

 

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

34

 

 

 

7

 

 

Other holdings

 

13

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,469

 

 

 

1,361

 

 

Less taken in scrip

 

(502)

 

 

 

(620)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

967

 

 

 

741

 

 

Other operating cash flows

 

(116)

 

 

 

(138)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

851

 

 

 

603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of shares in Jardine Matheson

 

(99)

 

 

 

(95)

 

 

Purchase of associates

 

-

 

 

 

(413)

 

 

Purchase of other investments

 

(13)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Redemption of convertible bonds in Zhongsheng

 

-

 

 

 

398

 

 

Sale of joint ventures

 

-

 

 

 

31

 

 

Sale of other investments

 

-

 

 

 

95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

(112)

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of additional shares in subsidiaries

 

(33)

 

 

 

-

 

 

Dividends paid by the Company

 

(351)

 

 

 

(331)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

(384)

 

 

 

(331)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash

 

355

 

 

 

288

 

 

Cash at 1st January

 

419

 

 

 

131

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash at 31st December

 

774

 

 

 

419

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Represented by: