Regulatory Story
Go to market news section View chart   Print
RNS

Final Results

Released 10:14 17-Jan-2019

RNS Number : 3916N
Independent Investment Trust PLC
17 January 2019
 

RNS Announcement: Preliminary Results

 

The Independent Investment Trust PLC

 

The following is the unaudited preliminary statement of annual results for the year to 30 November 2018 which was approved by the board on 16 January 2019.

 

Chairman's Statement

 

Over the year to 30 November 2018, our Company produced a net asset value (NAV) total return of -10.8%, following a steep fall from a high point reached only a few weeks previously. Over the same period, theoretical investments in the FTSE All-Share Index and the FTSE World Index would have produced total returns of -1.5% and 6.0% respectively.  The greater part of our reversal came from falls in large holdings which had previously enjoyed strong rises and which for the most part continue to trade satisfactorily.  This derating was compounded by disappointments from initial public offerings, a field in which we had perhaps become overconfident following earlier successes.

The disappointing results have weighed upon the rating of our own shares, which moved from a premium of 7.2% at 30 November 2017 to a discount of 1.2% at 30 November 2018, producing a share price total return of -17.9%.

The downturn in our portfolio towards our year end reflected, to a greater degree, the worldwide downturn in equity markets.  A sense that the US economy may now be approaching full capacity while running a budget deficit of around record proportions has provoked fears of monetary tightening, the consequences of which could ripple through markets around the world.  For the last ten years markets have been sustained by quantitative easing and extraordinarily low interest rates, and it is difficult to assess the implications of a cessation, or reversal, of this experiment.  More particular uncertainties include the apparent over-extension of a credit boom in China, the inherent design faults of the eurozone, and, with particular reference to our domestically based holdings such as housebuilders, Brexit.

The main changes in sectoral distribution have been a reduction in our housebuilding exposure (largely attributable to falling share prices), a reduction in our retailing stake (attributable to both sales and falling share prices) and an increase in our travel and leisure holdings (attributable to net purchases).  We ended our year with available cash balances of 8.5% (7.1% at 30 November 2017) of shareholders' funds.  Further comments on the portfolio can be found in the Managing Director's Report below.

Despite our travails in the year under review, our long term record remains respectable: for the period from inception in October 2000 to 30 November 2018, we produced an NAV total return of 688%, equivalent to a rate of roughly 12.2% per annum, of which 2.9% per annum can be offset by RPI inflation.  By comparison, the notional return available from the FTSE All-Share Index over the period amounted to 142%, or 5.0% per annum.

Earnings per share for the year were 10.53p (9.2p in 2017).  Balancing the buoyancy of our revenue account against an uncertain outlook, we have decided to recommend a final dividend of 5p (4p in 2017), making a total regular dividend of 7p (6p in 2017).  In addition, we are proposing a special dividend of 3p (2p in 2017).   Both will be paid on 8 April with an ex-dividend date of 21 February.

Our ongoing charges ratio fell from 0.25% to 0.21%.  This ratio is calculated using the daily average of our net assets as its denominator.  If the denominator had been the year end level of our net assets, the ratio would have been 0.25%.  Even at this level, it would have been one of the lowest - if not the lowest - in the industry.

In the latter part of our year, our shares briefly traded at a discount to NAV and we were able to buy back 100,000 at a discount of 2.5%.  In normal market conditions we are keen to buy back shares when this can be done on terms that are in the best interests of shareholders generally.

It has always been one of our investment objectives to run our winners.  All of our top six holdings have done well, and most have done extremely well, over their lives in the portfolio.  Because of our reluctance to reduce them, this meant that they made up a very substantial part of the portfolio at the end of September. Despite the absence of any serious trading issues emerging, all six shares were hit hard in the last two months of our year.  This has led us to the conclusion that our enthusiasm for running winners left us with an excessive level of concentration within the portfolio.  Since 30 November, we have been working to reduce the level of concentration by making sales of some of these holdings and adding the proceeds to our cash balances, which are likely to be higher than they have been in recent years until we can develop more confidence in the outlook.  Against the generally worrying background we take comfort from the fact that most of our companies continue to trade in line with our expectations.

Once again, we should like to encourage you to come to the AGM, which is to be held in the Baillie Gifford offices at Calton Square at 4.30pm on 13 March 2019.  It will help our planning if we know how many shareholders are likely to attend, and I shall be grateful if you will mark the proxy form accordingly and return it to the Company's registrars.  I look forward to seeing as many of you as possible there.

 

 

Douglas McDougall

16 January 2019

 

Past performance is not a guide to future performance.

For a definition of terms see Glossary of Terms.

Total return information is sourced from Baillie Gifford /Refinitiv and relevant underlying index providers. See disclaimer at the end of this announcement.

 

 

 

Managing Director's Report

 

Our performance over the year has been covered in the Chairman's Statement.

After the successes of the previous year, our technology and telecommunications holdings had a difficult time in the year under review: a stake worth £79m (adjusted for the reclassification of our computer games holdings) at 30 November 2017 had fallen in value to £72.7m at 30 November 2018 despite net purchases of £4.4m.  Most of this decline can be attributed to our investment in Alfa Financial Software, which suffered from a combination of softer market conditions and rescheduling of client contracts.  We have not sold out of Alfa because we believe its business to be fundamentally sound.  Blue Prism and FDM were both affected by the general derating of technology stocks, while our new purchases, Seeing Machines and Zoo Digital, also fared poorly.  In the case of Seeing Machines the problem was that of translating a great technology into a commercially profitable product, while Zoo Digital was temporarily hurt by a reorganization at an important client.  Both companies still appear to have considerable potential.  Herald was another, albeit minor, victim of the change in sentiment towards technology stocks, while Gamma Communications and Kainos both delivered strong performances. 

The reclassification of our computer games companies has led to our travel and leisure stake becoming the second most important in the portfolio: after net purchases of £7.7m, it rose in value from £43.3m to £50.3m.  The performance of the games companies marred an otherwise good showing: the Frontier Developments share price fell sharply when it became clear that sales of its Jurassic World Evolution game, although good, would not match the most optimistic expectations. The fall in the price of Codemasters is attributable to the disappointing launch of a new franchise, although the impact of this on its overall results was outweighed by the strength of its existing franchises.  Among our more traditional holdings, good showings from Gym Group and Hollywood Bowl easily offset the effect of a modest decline in the share price of On The Beach.  All three companies produced good results, with those from On The Beach remarkable for having been achieved in difficult market conditions.

Our big housing stake had a very tough year: worth £59.4m at 30 November 2017, it had fallen in value to £41.3m by 30 November 2018, after net sales of £0.7m.  This reflects a clear deterioration in the industry's immediate outlook: hesitancy at the upper end of the market, already evident a year ago, has intensified and shown recent signs of spreading to the lower end of the market.  Making precise predictions about the housing market is, in our view, a fools' game, but a market decline on the scale that appears to be discounted in sector share prices seems improbable to us, even in the event of a hard Brexit.  The balance sheet strength of all our holdings, in contrast to the situation in 2008, leaves us confident that all will survive even the most severe of housing recessions without the need for further equity financing.  We sold McCarthy and Stone, which appeared particularly vulnerable to price pressure at the higher end of the market, but we currently intend to persevere with our other holdings on the basis of the considerable long term potential we see in their current valuations.  An investment in the housing finance company, Urban Exposure, was sold when it became clear that forecasts made at the time of its flotation would not be met.

It was a mixed year for our business services holdings.  Midwich continued to trade well and saw its shares perform resiliently.  Eddie Stobart Logistics also delivered a satisfactory trading performance, but its shares suffered a sharp derating.  Our new holding, the innovative conference call company Loop Up, traded strongly, but saw its share price fall heavily towards the end of the period as part of the general derating of high growth companies.  Overall, the value of our business services holdings rose from £25.9m at 30 November 2017 to £29.1m at 30 November 2018 after a single purchase amounting to £5.8m.

Retailing has once again been a problem area for us.  The optimism we expressed a year ago as to the resilience of Footasylum and Quiz, the two clothing retailers we bought in 2017, in a tough trading environment has proved misplaced.  We sold Footasylum at a big loss, but have held onto Quiz, which remains profitable and has a strong balance sheet.  We also sold out of our old favourite Dunelm as it appeared to struggle with the migration of retail business to the internet. Subsequent results from the company suggest that, not for the first time, we have underestimated the quality of its management. Motorpoint traded well and was rewarded with a good share price performance, while Joules also traded well but saw its shares derated.  This was also true of our one new purchase, the discount retailer The Works.co.uk.  Overall, a stake worth £31.7m at 30 November 2017 had fallen in value to £16.8m by 30 November 2018 after net sales of £5.6m.

 

Elsewhere in the portfolio, both Fever-Tree and Ashtead produced strong results during the year only to see their share prices fall.  The Polar Capital Insurance Fund benefited from the strength of the dollar.  Our new energy holding, the shale oil producer Concho Resources, registered a marginal sterling loss between purchase and our year end, but the oilfield services company RPC fell sharply as its business was affected by oil transportation problems in the Permian Basin.  NAHL, Medica and Luceco all produced disappointing results and were punished accordingly.  The last named was sold at a considerable loss.

 

 

Max Ward

16 January 2019

 

 

Past performance is not a guide to future performance.

 

 

 

List of Investments as at 30 November 2018 (unaudited)

 

Sector

Name

Value

2017

£'000

 

Net transactions

£'000

 

Gains/ (losses)

£'000

 

Value

2018

£'000

 

%

Housing

Bellway

6,918

 

 

(1,836)

 

5,082

 

1.7

 

Crest Nicholson

15,105

 

4,485 

 

(5,902)

 

13,688

 

4.6

 

McCarthy & Stone

8,220

 

(6,670)

 

(1,550)

 

-

 

-

 

Persimmon

5,074

 

 

(1,274)

 

3,800

 

1.3

 

Redrow

24,040

 

 

(5,312)

 

18,728

 

6.3

 

Urban Exposure (bought and sold during the year)

-

 

1,512 

 

(1,512)

 

-

 

-

 

 

59,357

 

(673)

 

(17,386)

 

41,298

 

13.9

Industrials

Ashtead Group

18,990

 

 

(1,400)

 

17,590

 

5.9

Retailing

Dunelm Group

10,522

 

(8,493)

 

(2,029)

 

-

 

-

 

Footasylum

4,100

 

(400)

 

(3,700)

 

-

 

-

 

Joules Group

4,050

 

 

(540)

 

3,510

 

1.2

 

Land of Leather*

-

 

(6)

 

 

-

 

-

 

Motorpoint

8,325

 

 

1,125 

 

9,450

 

3.1

 

Quiz

4,740

 

592 

 

(3,871)

 

1,461

 

0.5

 

TheWorks.co.uk

-

 

2,680 

 

(335)

 

2,345

 

0.8

 

 

31,737

 

(5,627)

 

(9,344)

 

16,766

 

5.6

Consumer Services

NAHL Group

2,614

 

1,299 

 

(1,338)

 

2,575

 

0.9

Consumer Goods

Luceco

7,251

 

(2,095)

 

(5,156)

 

-

 

-

Travel and Leisure

Codemasters Group Holdings

-

 

7,397 

 

(1,447)

 

5,950

 

2.0

 

Frontier Developments

8,450

 

 

(2,860)

 

5,590

 

1.9

 

Hollywood Bowl Group

7,120

 

 

680

 

7,800

 

2.6

 

On the Beach Group

21,264

 

(1,967)

 

(69)

 

19,228

 

6.4

 

Team 17 Group

-

 

5,566 

 

584 

 

6,150

 

2.1

 

The Gym Group

6,450

 

(3,293)

 

2,423 

 

5,580

 

1.9

 

 

43,284

 

7,703 

 

(689)

 

50,298

 

16.9

Business Services

Eddie Stobart Logistics

10,920

 

 

(3,010)

 

7,910

 

2.7

 

Loop Up

-

 

5,800 

 

(797)

 

5,003

 

1.7

 

Midwich

15,000

 

 

1,200 

 

16,200

 

5.4

 

 

25,920

 

5,800 

 

(2,607)

 

29,113

 

9.8

Technology and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Telecommunications

Alfa Financial Software

12,123

 

 

(8,823)

 

3,300

 

1.1

 

Blue Prism

27,262

 

(1,741)

 

(1,925)

 

23,596

 

7.9

 

FDM Group

14,213

 

 

(1,478)

 

12,735

 

4.3

 

Gamma Communications

3,015

 

 

1,005 

 

4,020

 

1.4

 

Herald Investment Trust

17,640

 

 

(315)

 

17,325

 

5.8

 

Kainos Group

4,725

 

(1,973)

 

1,488 

 

4,240

 

1.4

 

Seeing Machines - Australia

-

 

5,143 

 

(343)

 

4,800

 

1.6

 

Zoo Digital Group

-

 

3,021 

 

(361)

 

2,660

 

0.9

 

 

78,978

 

4,450 

 

(10,752)

 

72,676

 

24.4

Beverages

Fever-Tree Drinks

29,160

 

(16,040)

 

10,800

 

23,920

 

8.0

Healthcare

Medica Group

8,480

 

 

(2,840)

 

5,640

 

1.9

Financials

Integrafin Holdings

-

 

(241)

 

241 

 

-

 

-

 

Polar Capital Global Insurance Fund -

  Ireland

4,789

 

(26)

 

288 

 

5,051

 

1.7

 

 

4,789

 

(267)

 

529 

 

5,051

 

1.7

Energy/Oilfield Services

Concho Resources - USA

-

 

5,174 

 

(67)

 

5,107

 

1.7

 

RPC - USA

3,552

 

-

 

(1,502)

 

2,050

 

0.7

 

 

3,552

 

5,174 

 

(1,569)

 

7,157

 

2.4

Total Investments

 

314,112

 

(276)

 

(41,752)

 

272,084

 

91.4

Net Liquid Assets

 

24,339

 

1,152 

 

(2)

 

25,489

 

8.6

Shareholders' Funds

 

338,451

 

876 

 

(41,754)

 

297,573

 

100.0

 

All holdings are in equities domiciled in the UK unless otherwise stated. * Company dissolved on 20 July 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income statement

 

 

For the year ended

30 November 2018 (unaudited)

For the year ended

30 November 2017 (audited)

 

Revenue

£'000

Capital

£'000

Total

£'000

Revenue

£'000

Capital

£'000

Total

£'000

(Losses)/gains on investments

(41,752)

(41,752)

-

115,241 

Currency losses

(2)

(2)

(32)

Income (note 2)

6,601 

6,601 

5,830 

Administrative expenses

(751)

(751)

(721)

(721)

Net return on ordinary activities before taxation

5,850 

(41,754)

(35,904)

5,109 

115,209 

Tax on ordinary activities

(11)

(11)

(3)

(3)

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

5,839 

(41,754)

(35,915)

5,106 

115,209 

120,315 

Net return per ordinary share (note 3)

10.53p

(75.27p)

(64.74p)

9.20p

207.67p

216.87p

Note:

Dividends per share paid and payable in respect of the year (note 4)

10.00p

 

 

8.00p

 

 

 

 

The total column of this statement is the profit and loss account of the Company. The supplementary revenue and capital columns are prepared under guidance published by the Association of Investment Companies.

All revenue and capital items in this statement derive from continuing operations.

A Statement of Comprehensive Income is not required as the Company does not have any other comprehensive income and the net return on ordinary activities after taxation is both the profit and comprehensive income for the year.

 

 

Balance sheet

 

 

At 30 November 2018 (unaudited)

At 30 November 2017 (audited)

 

£'000

£'000

£'000

£'000

Fixed assets

 

 

 

 

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss

 

272,084

 

314,112

Current assets     

 

 

 

 

Debtors

266 

 

798 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

25,794 

 

23,704 

 

 

26,060 

 

24,502 

 

Creditors

 

 

 

 

Amounts falling due within one year

(571)

 

(163)

 

Net current assets

 

25,489

 

24,339

Total net assets

 

297,573

 

338,451

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and reserves

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

13,842

 

13,867

Share premium account

 

15,242

 

15,242

Special distributable reserve

 

15,861

 

16,387

Capital redemption reserve

 

2,690

 

2,665

Capital reserve

 

241,437

 

283,191

Revenue reserve

 

8,501

 

7,099

Shareholders' funds

 

297,573

 

338,451

Net asset value per ordinary share (note 5)

 

537.4p

 

610.2p

 

 

 

Statement of changes in equity

 

For the year ended 30 November 2018 (unaudited)

 

Share capital

£'000

Share premium account

£'000

Special distributable reserve

£'000

Capital redemption reserve

£'000

Capital

reserve*

£'000

Revenue reserve

£'000

 

Shareholders'
funds

£'000

Shareholders' funds at 1 December 2017

13,867 

15,242

16,387 

2,665

283,191 

7,099 

338,451 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

-

-

(41,754)

5,839 

(35,915)

Shares bought back for cancellation (note 5)

(25)

-

(526)

25

(526)

Dividends paid during the year

(note 4)

-

-

(4,437)

(4,437)

Shareholders' funds at 30 November 2018

13,842 

15,242

15,861 

2,690

241,437 

8,501 

297,573 

 

 

For the year ended 30 November 2017 (audited)

 

 Share capital

£'000

Share premium account

£'000

Special distributable reserve

£'000

Capital redemption reserve

£'000

Capital

reserve*

£'000

Revenue reserve

£'000

 

Shareholders'
funds

£'000

Shareholders' funds at 1 December 2016

13,882 

15,242

16,625 

2,650

167,982

4,489 

220,870 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation

-

-

115,209

5,106 

120,315 

Shares bought back for cancellation (note 5)

(15)

-

(238)

15

-

(238)

Dividends paid during the year

(note 4)

-

-

-

(2,496)

(2,496)

Shareholders' funds at 30 November 2017

13,867 

15,242

16,387 

2,665

283,191

7,099 

338,451 

 

*      The Capital Reserve balance at 30 November 2018 included an investment holding gain on fixed asset investments of £88,310,000 (2017 - gain of £145,636,000).

 

Notes (unaudited)

 

1.   

The unaudited financial statements for the year to 30 November 2018 have been prepared in accordance with FRS 102 'The Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland' on the basis of the accounting policies set out in the Annual Report and Financial Statements are unchanged from the prior year and have been applied consistently. The Company has elected not to present a Statement of Cash Flows for the current year as a Statement of Changes in Equity has been provided and substantially all of the Company's investments are highly liquid and are carried at market value.

2.    

Income

Year to

30 November 2018

Year to

30 November 2017

 

 

£'000

 

£'000

Income from investments and interest receivable

 

6,582

 

5,808

Other income

 

19

 

22

 

 

 

6,601

 

5,830

 

 

 

 

3.    

Net return per ordinary share

Year to

30 November 2018

Year to

30 November 2017

 

Revenue

Capital

Total

Revenue

Capital

Total

 

Net return on ordinary activities after taxation (£'000)

5,839

(41,754)

(35,915)

5,106

115,209

120,315

 

Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year

55,469,725 

55,477,890

 

Net return per ordinary share

10.53p

(75.27p)

(64.74p)

9.20p

207.67p

216.87p

 

Returns per ordinary share are based on the return for the financial year and on the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year as shown above. There are no dilutive or potentially dilutive shares in issue.

4.    

Ordinary dividends

Year to

30 November 2018

Year to

30 November 2017

 

Pence

£'000

Pence

£'000

Amounts recognized as distributions in the year:

 

 

 

 

Previous year's final dividend paid 6 April 2018

4.00

2,219

-

-

Previous year's special dividend paid 6 April 2018

2.00

1,109

2.50

1,387

Interim dividend paid 24 August 2018

2.00

1,109

2.00

1,109

 

8.00

4,437

4.50

2,496

 

Set out below are the total dividends paid and proposed in respect of the financial year, which is the basis on which the requirements of section 1158 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 are considered. The revenue available for distribution by way of dividend for the year is £5,839,000 (2017 - £5,106,000 ).

 

Ordinary dividends

Year to

30 November 2018

Year to

30 November 2017

 

Pence

£'000

Pence

£'000

Amounts paid and payable in respect of the year:

 

 

 

 

Interim dividend paid 24 August 2018

2.00

1,109

2.00

1,109

Final dividend payable 8 April 2019

5.00

2,769

4.00

2,219

Special dividend payable 8 April 2019

3.00

1,661

2.00

1,109

 

10.00

5,539

8.00

4,437

 

If approved, the recommended final and special dividends will be paid on 8 April 2019 to all shareholders on the register at the close of business on 22 February 2019. The ex-dividend date is 21 February 2019.

                       

 

5.    

Net asset value per ordinary share

At 30 November 2018

Pence

At 30 November 2018

£'000

At 30 November 2017

Pence

At 30 November 2017

£'000

 

Net asset value attributable to ordinary shares

537.4p

297,573

610.2p

338,451

 

The net asset value per share is based on net assets as shown above and on 55,370,000 shares (2017 - 55,470,000), being the number of shares in issue at the year end. There are no dilutive or potentially dilutive shares in issue.

During the year the Company bought back and cancelled 100,000 (2017 - 60,000) ordinary shares with a nominal value of £25,000 (2017 - £15,000) at a cost of £526,000 (2017 - £238,000). No shares were allotted during the year. At 30 November 2018 the Company had authority remaining to buy back a further 8,214,953 ordinary shares and to allot new shares up to an aggregate nominal value amount of £4,774,939.

6.    

Transaction costs incurred on the purchase and sale of the investments are added to the purchase cost or deducted from the sale proceeds, as appropriate. During the year, transaction costs on purchases amounted to £95,000 (2017 - £153,000) and transaction costs on sales amounted to £131,000 (2017 - £155,000).

7.    

The financial information set out above does not constitute the Company's statutory accounts for the year ended 30 November 2018. The financial information for 2017 is derived from the financial statements for 2017 which have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The auditors have reported on the 2017 accounts; their report was unqualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditors drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain a statement under sections 498 (2) or 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006. The statutory accounts for 2018 will be finalised on the basis of the financial information presented in this preliminary announcement and will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies following the Company's Annual General Meeting. The Auditors have advised the Company that they do not expect their report on the 2018 statutory accounts to include any modification or emphasis of matter statements.

8.    

The Report and Accounts will be available on the Company's website www.independentinvestmenttrust.co.uk on or around 8 February 2019.

 

†      Neither the contents of the Company's website nor the contents of any website accessible from hyperlinks on the Company's website (or any other website) is incorporated into, or forms part of, this announcement.

None of the views expressed in this document should be construed as advice to buy or sell a particular investment.

 

Glossary of Terms

 

Total Assets

The total value of all assets held less all liabilities (other than liabilities in the form of borrowings).

Net Asset Value

Net Asset Value (NAV) is the value of total assets held less all liabilities (including liabilities in the form of borrowings). The NAV per share is calculated by dividing this amount by the number of ordinary shares in issue.

Discount/Premium#

As stockmarkets and share prices vary, an investment trust's share price is rarely the same as its NAV. When the share price is lower than the NAV per share it is said to be trading at a discount. The size of the discount is calculated by subtracting the share price from the NAV per share and is usually expressed as a percentage of the NAV per share. If the share price is higher than the NAV per share, this situation is called a premium.

Net Liquid Assets

Net liquid assets comprise current assets less current liabilities (excluding borrowings).

Total Return#

The total return is the return to shareholders after reinvesting the net dividend on the date that the share price goes ex-dividend.

Ongoing Charges#

The total administrative expenses of £751,000 (2017 - £721,000) incurred by the Company as a percentage of the average shareholders' funds, calculated on a daily basis of £350,330,000 (2017 - £286,630,000).

Available cash

Available cash comprises cash and cash equivalents as adjusted for investment and share buyback transactions awaiting settlement.

Gearing

At its simplest, gearing is borrowing. Just like any other public company, an investment trust can borrow money to invest in additional investments for its portfolio. The effect of the borrowing on the shareholders' assets is called 'gearing'. If the Company's assets grow, the shareholders' assets grow proportionately more because the debt remains the same. But if the value of the Company's assets falls, the situation is reversed. Gearing can therefore enhance performance in rising markets but can adversely impact performance in falling markets. The level of gearing can be adjusted through the use of derivatives which affect the sensitivity of the value of the portfolio to changes in the level of markets.

Net gearing/(cash) is borrowings less available cash (as defined above) and fixed interest securities (ex convertibles) divided by shareholders' funds.

Compound Annual Return

The compound annual return converts the return over a period of longer than one year to a constant annual rate of return applied to the compounded value at the start of each year.

 

#  Alternative performance measure which is considered to be a known industry metric.

 

Third Party Data Provider Disclaimer

No third party data provider ('Provider') makes any warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy, completeness or timeliness of the data contained herewith nor as to the results to be obtained by recipients of the data. No Provider shall in any way be liable to any recipient of the data for any inaccuracies, errors or omissions in the index data included in this document, regardless of cause, or for any damages (whether direct or indirect) resulting therefrom. No Provider has any obligation to update, modify or amend the data or to otherwise notify a recipient thereof in the event that any matter stated herein changes or subsequently becomes inaccurate. Without limiting the foregoing, no Provider shall have any liability whatsoever to you, whether in contract (including under an indemnity), in tort (including negligence), under a warranty, under statute or otherwise, in respect of any loss or damage suffered by you as a result of or in connection with any opinions, recommendations, forecasts, judgments, or any other conclusions, or any course of action determined, by you or any third party, whether or not based on the content, information or materials contained herein.

 

FTSE Index data

FTSE International Limited ('FTSE') © FTSE 2019. 'FTSE®' is a trade mark of the London Stock Exchange Group companies and is used by FTSE International Limited under licence. All rights in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings or underlying data and no party may rely on any FTSE indices, ratings and/or data underlying data contained in this communication. No further distribution of FTSE Data is permitted without FTSE's express written consent. FTSE does not promote, sponsor or endorse the content of this communication.

 

Legal Entity Identifier: 213800IYHGJTZJ3MO642

Regulated Information Classification: Additional regulated information required to be disclosed under the laws of a Member State of the European Union

- ends -


This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact rns@lseg.com or visit www.rns.com.
 
END
 
 
FR CKODDKBKDKDD
Close


London Stock Exchange plc is not responsible for and does not check content on this Website. Website users are responsible for checking content. Any news item (including any prospectus) which is addressed solely to the persons and countries specified therein should not be relied upon other than by such persons and/or outside the specified countries. Terms and conditions, including restrictions on use and distribution apply.

 


Final Results - RNS