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RNS
Greene King PLC  -  GNK   

Half-year Report

Released 07:00 29-Nov-2018

RNS Number : 8386I
Greene King PLC
29 November 2018
 

 

 

INTERIM RESULTS FOR THE 24 WEEKS TO 14 OCTOBER 2018

 

Group  revenue

Adjusted profit before tax1,2

Statutory profit before tax

Adjusted earnings per share1,2

Dividend per share3

Net debt: EBITDA1,2

Return on capital employed2

£1,051.2m

£128.2m

£127.7m

33.1p

8.8p

4.2x

8.5%

+1.9%

+0.2%

+3.2%

+0.3%

Flat

Flat

-0.5%pts

HIGHLIGHTS2

Continued LFL sales momentum in Pub Company

·      Pub Company like-for-like (LFL) sales up 2.7%, ahead of the market4 up 1.1%

·      Driven by the ongoing benefits from our investment in value, service and quality (VSQ), our strategic focus on four core brands, and boosted by good weather and the World Cup

·      Pub Partners LFL net income up; Brewing & Brands revenue up 7.5%

Consistent cash generation, disciplined capital allocation & attractive property valuation

·      Operating cash generated5 covers scheduled debt repayment, core capex and dividends

·      Further steps taken to refinance Spirit debenture, reducing cost and increasing flexibility of our debt; to date annualised cash interest saving c.£13m and net present value benefit c.£45m

·      Interim dividend maintained at 8.8p per share; dividend cover5 of 1.9x

·      Estate optimisation; tail disposal proceeds fund new builds, helping to grow average weekly take in Pub Company by 7.9% over the last three years

·      Pub estate valuation supports maintained leverage; market value of £4.5bn

Current trading and outlook

·      LFL sales in Pub Company were up 2.9% at week 30; Pub Partners and Brewing & Brands performing in line with expectations

·      Christmas bookings well ahead of last year

·      Remain on track to limit full year net cost inflation to £10-20m

Rooney Anand, chief executive officer

"We have seen continued positive momentum in Pub Company, which was sustained beyond the boost of the World Cup and the summer weather. The hard work of our teams, combined with the investments we made to improve our customer experience, is driving sales outperformance to the market. We remain highly cash generative, meeting our debt repayment requirements, investing in our pubs and paying an attractive, sustainable dividend out of operating free cashflow. Good progress was made refinancing the Spirit debenture, which will reduce the cost of our debt and increase the strength and flexibility of our balance sheet.

"Looking forward, Christmas bookings are up on last year and we look forward to ensuring customers have a great time celebrating the festive season in our pubs. Ongoing uncertainty around Brexit may impact on consumer confidence, but as a team we are focused on our key strategic priorities and remain confident of our outlook for the financial year."

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION

Greene King plc

Rooney Anand, chief executive officer

Richard Smothers, chief financial officer

Tel: 01284 763222

Finsbury

Alastair Hetherington / Philip Walters

Tel: 0207 251 3801

Further information is available at www.greeneking.co.uk or on Twitter using @greeneking

There will be a presentation for analysts and investors at 9.30am at TLT, 20 Gresham Street, London EC2V 7JE.

The conference will also be accessible by phone: 0808 109 0700; UK Toll Free; +44 (0) 20 3003 2666 Standard International Access. Conference ID: Greene King

 

HEADLINE GROUP RESULTS

24 weeks

H119

H118

YOY Change

Total revenue

£1,051.2m

£1,031.4m

+1.9%

·      Pub Company

£850.3m

£837.0m

+1.6%

·      Pub Partners

£90.9m

£92.1m

-1.3%

·      Brewing & Brands

£110.0m

£102.3m

+7.5%

Group EBITDA1,2

£235.8m

£240.7m

-2.0%

Group operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items1,2

£184.6m

£188.4m

-2.0%

·      Pub Company

£134.2m

£136.9m

 -2.0%

·      Pub Partners

£41.4m

£43.6m

-5.0%

·      Brewing & Brands

£15.0m

£14.8m

+1.4%

Group profit before tax and exceptional and non-underlying items2

£128.2m

£127.9m

+0.2%

Basic EPS6

33.1p

35.1p

-5.7%

Adjusted basic EPS1,2

33.1p

33.0p

+0.3%

Dividend per share3

8.8p

8.8p

Flat

Core capital expenditure2

£58.2m

£60.0m

-£1.8m

Net debt

£2,017.9m

£2,118.9m

+£101.0m

Net cash flow from operations

£153.5m

£96.9m

+£56.6m

Free cash flow2

£25.4m

£10.6m

+£14.8m

 

1. Adjusted measures exclude the impact of exceptional and non-underlying items as detailed in note 3 of this statement.

2. The directors use a number of Alternative Performance Measures (APMs) that are considered critical to aid the understanding of the group’s performance. APMs are explained on page 32 of this announcement.

3. Dividend per share paid and proposed in respect of the period.

4. Coffer Peach Business Tracker

5. On a last twelve month basis

6. Exceptional and non-underlying tax has been restated. As a consequence basic EPS has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

 

NOTES FOR EDITORS                                                                                                            

·      Greene King was founded in 1799 and is headquartered in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk. It currently employs around 39,000 people across its main trading businesses; Pub Company, Pub Partners and Brewing & Brands

·      At the end of the period, Greene King operated 2,798 pubs, restaurants and hotels across England, Wales and Scotland, of which 1,714 were retail pubs, restaurants and hotels, and 1,084 were tenanted, leased and franchised pubs. Its leading retail brands are Greene King, Chef & Brewer, Farmhouse Inns and Hungry Horse

·     Greene King also brews quality ale brands from its Bury St. Edmunds and Dunbar breweries. Its industry-leading portfolio includes Greene King IPA, Old Speckled Hen, Abbot Ale and Belhaven Best

 

CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S REVIEW

The positive momentum at the start of the financial year continued through the first half with Pub Company maintaining its market outperformance, reflecting the success of initiatives to drive underlying sales growth, recording LFL sales growth of 2.7%. Our Greene King branded local pubs traded particularly well, with LFL sales of 4.9%. Pub Partners LFL net income was ahead of last year and Brewing & Brands revenue was up 7.5%, helped by the good summer weather.  

Our cost mitigation programme is on track and we still expect to offset £30-35m of the £45-50m gross cost inflation forecast for the year. Meanwhile, we made further steps towards refinancing the Spirit debenture and have now refinanced 43% of this debt platform, reducing the cost of our debt and increasing the strength and flexibility of our balance sheet.

We remain focused on upholding our long track record of strong cash flow generation before disposal proceeds, covering our scheduled debt repayments, core capex requirements and our attractive, sustainable dividend. In addition, we continue to improve our estate quality and drive higher returns by recycling capital from non-core pub disposals to fund new builds and acquisitions. Through this proven strategy we can continue to deliver long-term value for our shareholders.

PERFORMANCE SUMMARY

Group revenue was £1,051.2m, 1.9% ahead of last year, driven by strong sales performances in Pub Company and Brewing & Brands. This sales growth, as well as the reduction in interest costs from the ongoing Spirit debenture refinancing programme, offset the underlying cost pressures and enabled group profit before tax and non-underlying and exceptional items1,2 to increase by 0.2% to £128.2m.

 

Pub Company delivered total sales of £850.3m, up 1.6% from 2.4% fewer pubs. Average weekly take (AWT) per pub was £20.6k, up 4.0%, reflecting the programmes in place to improve underlying sales, as well as the good weather and the successful World Cup. LFL sales were up 2.7%, driven predominantly by higher drink volumes. Pub Company operating profit was £134.2m, down 2.0%, and the operating profit margin was 15.8%, down 0.6%pts, due to cost inflation, the implementation of the VSQ investment programme in the second half of last year and the phasing of cost mitigation plans during the year.

 

Pub Partners revenue was down 1.3% to £90.9m due to 4.6% fewer pubs trading year-on-year. LFL net income was ahead of last year, driven by higher LFL rental income as well as increased LFL drink sales. Pub Partners operating profit margin was down 1.8%pts and LFL net profit was down 1.0%, due to higher central costs, including one-off legal costs.

 

Brewing & Brands revenue was up 7.5% to £110.0m following the good summer weather and the World Cup. Operating profit was up 1.4%, while the operating profit margin was down 0.9% due to mix, with an increased sales contribution coming from third party beers.

 

Free cash flow, which is reported before disposal proceeds, was £25.4m, up £14.8m due to reduced tax and interest payments, and our operating cash over the last twelve months more than covered our scheduled debt repayments, core capital expenditure and dividend payments.

 

Proceeds from the disposal of 40 pubs and 13 other properties were £30.7m, from which we funded three new builds and two single site acquisitions.

 

Adjusted earnings per share were up 0.3% to 33.1p and the board has recommended a half year dividend per share of 8.8p, in line with last year.

 

The business generated a strong ROCE of 8.5% which remains comfortably above our weighted average cost of capital. Our returns on investment for core development capex were over 30% and the net asset value per share was £6.88. As part of the Spirit debt refinancing programme, we carried out an estate revaluation which indicated a market value of £4.5bn, versus a book value of £3.6bn.

TRADING ENVIRONMENT

Conditions in our main markets are reducing the supply of competitors, with the pace of eating and drinking out outlet closures accelerating. The annual rate of decline increased from 1.3% in March 2018 to 2.5% in June 2018 (source: CGA & Alix Partners Market Growth Monitor). Restaurant numbers, which were up 11.0% in total for the five years from 2013-2018, declined by 1.0% in the second quarter of 2018, while pubs and bars declined by 1.3%.

The drink-led segment continued to outperform the food-led segment and this trend was intensified by good summer weather and the World Cup. The moving annual total (MAT) LFL sales growth for drink-led pubs was up 2.7%, while pub restaurants MAT LFL sales were up 0.3% and restaurants were down 0.9% (source: Coffer Peach Business Tracker October 2018). Our strong portfolio of brands and our active estate management programme enable us to react dynamically to shifting consumer behaviour. We extended the Greene King brand into more food-led pubs, which helped to improve our drinks offer in those pubs through better ranging, especially in categories such as gin and cider.

Both consumer confidence and leisure spending increased over the summer months but declined more recently, driven by negative sentiment around levels of personal debt and disposable income (Deloitte UK Leisure Consumer - Q3 2018). Subdued consumer confidence coupled with the growing uncertainty around Brexit means that providing the best VSQ for our customers is critical for improving market share. Our ongoing customer investment programme helped drive increases in Net Promoter Scores (NPS) and TripAdvisor scores across each of our four focus brands, with Farmhouse Inns recently topping the MCA Pub Brand Monitor rankings for average customer scores.

While the cost inflationary environment remains a headwind for the industry, we have a robust mitigation programme in place to help offset increased costs and protect our consumers from rising prices. We remain on track to mitigate £30-35m of costs and made further progress refinancing the Spirit debenture, thereby reducing our total cost of debt.

PRIORITIES FOR THE YEAR

At our full year 2018 results, we identified three strategic priorities for the year, on which we have delivered good progress over the first half. Pursuing these clear priorities will help us deliver on our long-term vision of being the best pub and beer company in Britain. In addition, we are putting contingency plans in place in the event of a "no deal" Brexit to mitigate potential disruption to the business.

1.             Improve underlying sales growth

We are focused on continuing to deliver sales growth and market outperformance. We will not drive LFL sales at any cost and will seek to strike the right balance between sales growth and margin delivery. Progress delivered so far this year includes:

·      Local marketing investment increased 21%

·      Labour deployment at weekends improved

·      KVI (known value item) drinks pricing extended into 420 more pubs; 9% average price reduction

·      Improved key dish ingredient quality; food quality NPS improved to 89.4%

·      Total NPS up to 61.5% and total TripAdvisor score up to 3.8

·      40 non-core pubs disposed; three new builds opened and two acquisitions completed

·      Eight pubs transferred between Pub Company and Pub Partners, four each way

2.            Develop a more efficient and effective organisation

We will continue to operate a diversified but integrated business model covering managed pubs, tenanted pubs and brewing. Within this, given the ongoing industry cost pressures and the fast pace of consumer change, we have to become a more efficient and effective organisation. Progress delivered so far this year includes:

·      Head office and field-based staff restructure completed

·      Committed investment in training; £1.6m invested in the period; improved induction training attendance

·      Introduction of tablets for pub general managers to improve administrative efficiency

·      Improved engagement scores for business development managers, general managers and kitchen managers; overall engagement up to 63%

3.            Further strengthen our capital structure

We have a strong and flexible balance sheet supported by our relentless focus on generating sufficient cash, pre-disposals, to cover our debt service requirements, our core estate capex and an attractive dividend to our shareholders. To further strengthen our capital structure and pursue the delivery of this strategy, we will continue to invest in growth opportunities while looking to refinance the Spirit debenture. Our Spirit refinancing plan is both reducing the overall cost of debt and increasing the flexibility of our debt platform.

·      We announced the prepayment of 55% of the A4 bonds during the period and have now prepaid £331m or 43% of the Spirit debenture in total, delivering both cash and P&L benefits

·      Strengthening our capital structure will help ensure that, in a challenging trading environment, we can continue to pay attractive dividends and return dividend cover to around 2x in the longer-term

·      Based on the recent revaluation of our estate, our loan to value (LTV) was 47.2%

4.            Putting plans in place to help mitigate potential Brexit disruption

We continue to monitor the progress of Brexit negotiations and have identified the key areas of risk to our business from a "no deal" outcome. We are working closely with our supply chain partners to safeguard the continued supply of goods to our pubs and breweries, as well as the export of our beers. We have a relatively small percentage of our workforce who are non-UK EU nationals and we are taking steps to ensure those employees have our full support through this period of uncertainty.

PEOPLE

Greene King's greatest asset is our people and we have around 39,000 team members employed across the group. Retaining the best people and developing and investing in them are critical to our continued success.

During the period, we completed a head office restructure to better align the Pub Company support centre to the simplified brand portfolio and to develop a more efficient organisation. At the same time, we increased our investment in training, spending £1.6m in the period and supporting over 3,000 employees through training workshops. Our company-wide online training platform continues to attract high levels of participation and around 130,000 courses were completed. We also invested in improving our staff benefits programme, helping to increase employee engagement to 63% and reduce vacancies in our pub leadership teams by 11%.

Our award winning apprenticeship programme continued to grow with over 1,000 apprentices joining the business and more than 300 vacancies being filled through the scheme during the period. We continue to draw down on our Apprenticeship Levy and would like to see government reallocate unused levy funds to companies like Greene King who could support the employment of more apprentices. Over 11,000 apprentices have benefitted from the Greene King apprenticeship programme since its launch in 2011. We were ranked Top 100 Apprenticeship Employer by both Rate My Apprenticeship and All About School Leavers. In addition, we were thrilled to receive the UK Social Mobility Award for Best Recruitment Programme of the Year 2018, as well as the Princess Royal Training Award 2018, recognising our commitment to learning and development.

COMMUNITY

Our pubs are at the heart of communities across the country. Our national charity partnership with Macmillan Cancer Support is now in its seventh year and continues to go from strength to strength. We raised £840k during the period, including a record £370k raised during our annual fundraiser, Macmillan May, and to date we have raised a total of £4.9m. In addition, we continue to support the Prince's Trust Get into Hospitality initiative and delivered one programme during the period, with six more planned for the year, bringing the total to 17, benefitting 185 young people so far.

We are committed to operating sustainably and as part of our commitment to send Zero Waste to Landfill by 2020, we announced the removal of single use plastic straws from our business, replacing them with a compostable alternative. Our unique 'closed loop' supply chain means the straws are collected in the pub and then sent back through our supply chain to an industrial composter. This saves over 30m plastic straws every year.

PUB COMPANY

24 weeks

H119

H118

YOY Change

Ave. no. of pubs trading

1,722

1,764

-2.4%

Revenue

£850.3m

£837.0m

+1.6%

EBITDA1

£176.6m

£180.7m

-2.3%

Operating profit1

£134.2m

£136.9m

-2.0%

Operating profit margin1

15.8%

16.4%

-0.6%pts

Ave. EBITDA per pub1

£102.6k

£102.4k

+0.2%

1.    Before exceptional and non-underlying items

2.    Coffer Peach Business Tracker

Pub Company total sales were up 1.6% to £850.3m despite 2.4% fewer pubs trading on average. Strong drinks sales growth was partially offset by a decline in food sales. Premium draught lager was up 12.9% and packaged lager was up 17.0% while cocktails were up 17.6% and spirits were up 20.3%. Pub Company AWT was up 4.0% to £20.6k and average EBITDA per pub was up 0.2% to £102.6k. Pub Company operating profit margin was down due to cost inflation and the increased VSQ investment year-on-year.

LFL sales were up 2.7%, ahead of the market2 by 1.6%pts, driven by our investment in VSQ, our strategic focus on the four core brands and boosted by the strong weather and the World Cup.   

Since the acquisition of Spirit in 2015, we have pruned the retail portfolio to focus on the strongest brands that will maximise sales potential and deliver economies of scale and efficiencies within Pub Company. We now have four focus brands - Greene King, Hungry Horse, Chef & Brewer and Farmhouse Inns - and they cover over 90% of the managed pub estate.   

Our 1,000 Greene King branded local pubs traded particularly well, with LFL sales of 4.9%, outperforming the drink-led pub segment by 1.2%pts. This strong sales performance was underpinned by a successful World Cup campaign. Chef & Brewer and Hungry Horse delivered LFL sales growth, outperforming their segments. Chef & Brewer continued to benefit from strong returns on investment and sales were boosted by an increased drinks focus over the summer. We invested more in the adult-only areas of Hungry Horse pubs and focused on rhythm of the week food offers, helping to support the improved sales performance. Farmhouse Inns, our suburban and out of town carvery offer, was negatively impacted by the summer weather but recently topped MCA's Pub Brand Monitor rankings for average customer scores following our focus on driving improved service at the busiest times.  

Our VSQ investment contributed strongly to our market outperformance. We extended KVI drinks pricing into 420 more pubs. Investment in local marketing activities increased 21% and labour deployment at the weekend was significantly improved. We delivered improvements in food quality by focusing on key dish ingredient quality and our food quality NPS improved to 89.4%. As a result of our VSQ investment, NPS and Trip Advisor scores improved at each of our four focus brands, driving total Pub Company NPS to 61.5% and the total TripAdvisor score to 3.8. 

Our LFL sales growth was also supported by our strong World Cup campaign. We maximised the sales opportunity presented by England's longevity in the tournament through our successful partnership with Chris Kamara and advertising activity on Talk Sport. 3.7m pints of beer were sold in our pubs during England's seven World Cup matches and LFL sales on the day of the semi-final were up 61%.

Our digital marketing activities were also key to our World Cup campaign. Our Season Ticket app, which has had over 160,000 subscribers since its launch, drove sales of over £3.5m through its targeted sports offers. Improvements in our websites and CRM targeting resulted in 11.9% more online bookings year-on-year, while our Facebook following rose to above 4m users. With our increased online engagement and proven sports marketing strategies we will continue to target sales opportunities from sports events in the second half of the year.

We also invested in digital tools to increase the productivity of our team members, distributing tablets to all Pub Company general managers to make administrative duties easier to complete while maintaining a focus on driving sales and customer-facing activities.

£67m capex was spent in Pub Company in the period, comprising £43m of core capex and £24m in new builds, freehold reversions and brand optimisation. We disposed of 16 pubs, generating income of £5m, and opened three new builds and completed one single site acquisition. In addition, we transferred four pubs from Pub Company to Pub Partners and four pubs from Pub Partners to Pub Company. Our active estate management helped drive average EBITDA1 per pub up 0.2% to £102.6k.

PUB PARTNERS

24 weeks

H119

H118

YOY Change

Ave. no. of pubs trading

1,098

1,151

-4.6%

Revenue

£90.9m

£92.1m

-1.3%

EBITDA1

£45.8m

£48.3m

-5.2%

Operating profit1

£41.4m

£43.6m

-5.0%

Operating profit margin1

45.5%

47.3%

-1.8%pts

Ave. EBITDA per pub1

£41.7k

£42.0k

-0.7%

1. Before exceptional and non-underlying items

In Pub Partners we have a high quality portfolio of 1,084 mainly drink-led pubs. The division generates significant cash for the group, adds purchasing scale, enhances the Greene King brand and provides flexibility in our estate planning.

 

Pub Partners sales were down 1.3% to £90.9m, impacted by the 4.6% reduction in the average number of pubs trading. LFL net income was comfortably ahead of last year, driven by higher LFL rental income as well as increased LFL beer, wine and spirits sales. LFL net profit was down 1.0%, due to higher central costs, including one-off legal costs relating to a legal challenge to the Pubs Code Adjudicator. 

The high quality of our Pub Partners estate has been achieved through ongoing estate portfolio management and disciplined capital allocation. We disposed of 24 non-core pubs this period, raising £25m in proceeds, completed one acquisition and invested £9m in the core estate. Pub Partners gained four pubs via internal transfers from Pub Company but another four pubs were transferred to Pub Company where we will generate better returns under the managed pub model.

We have mitigated the majority of requests to go Market Rent Only (MRO); we currently have five MRO agreements in place and expect one more to complete by the end of the year. Meanwhile, the average licensee tenure increased to six years, reflecting the strong relationships we build with our licensees.

Our support to licensees in driving footfall and maximising profit resulted in average EBITDA per pub of £41.7k. We are providing 13% of Pub Partners pubs with food through the Greene King supply chain and the number of pubs signed up to our digital services package for online purchasing increased from 142 at the year end to 328 at the period end. In addition, 265 of our operators currently use our Sports Club package, delivering customer promotions for sports events. 

We remain committed to investing in our licensees and supported nearly 800 delegates through training programmes during the period.

Finally, the Red Lion & Sun in Highgate, one of our Pub Partners sites, was awarded UK's Best Pub at the Great British Pub Awards.

BREWING & BRANDS

24 weeks

H119

H118

YOY Change

Revenue

£110.0m

£102.3m

+7.5%

EBITDA1

£17.6m

£17.1m

+2.9%

Operating profit1

£15.0m

£14.8m

+1.4%

Operating profit margin1

13.6%

14.5%

-0.9%pts

 

1. Before exceptional and non-underlying items

2. BBPA total ale market data

 

In Brewing & Brands, our proven long-term strategy is to build consumer loyalty to Greene King through consistent investment in our core ale brands and innovative range of seasonal and craft ales. Through this we continue to win market share and contribute to Greene King's strong returns and cash generation.

 

Revenue in Brewing & Brands was up 7.5%, driven by increased sales of third party beers as a result of the good summer weather and the World Cup. OBV was down 2.2% but ahead of the ale market2 which was down 5.0%. Operating profit was up 1.4% to £15.0m while the operating profit margin was 13.6%.

 

Greene King's core brands maintained their UK market leading positions: Greene King IPA continues to be the fastest selling top 10 cask ale brand in the on-trade; Abbot Ale is the number one premium cask ale brand in the on-trade and the fourth largest ale brand in the UK; Old Speckled Hen is the number one premium ale in the UK; Old Speckled Hen Gluten Free is the best-selling gluten free ale in Britain; and Belhaven Best remains the number one draught ale in Scotland and number four keg ale in the UK. In addition, East Coast IPA continued its strong growth, with total volume growth of 28%.

 

The success of our brands is supported by our disciplined brand investment programme. Greene King IPA is the official beer of England Cricket and the official sponsor of the Greene King IPA Rugby Championship. To drive Old Speckled Hen sales, we ran our biggest-ever on-pack promotion, the 'Win a Richer Life' competition, with nearly 40,000 entries. The Belhaven brewery celebrates its 300th birthday in 2019 and we are pursuing a high profile PR and marketing campaign to mark the occasion, including launching a Belhaven celebration ale. In addition, we launched a new Greene King brewery website, featuring a 3D virtual tour of the Westgate brewery in Bury St Edmunds.

 

We were pleased to receive several awards in recognition of our strong portfolio of beers and our ongoing innovation in brewing, especially at our Belhaven brewery. Twisted Grapefruit IPA was named Beer of the Year 2018 at the annual Scottish Beer Awards. Intergalactic won a gold medal at the World Beer Awards and we won silver awards for Twisted Thistle IPA and Belhaven Black. Yardbird Pale Ale was named the best ale at the Grocer Drink Awards 2018 winning the gold award in the Ale & Others category. Finally, our New Product Development brewer Ross O'Hara qualified as a Master Brewer from the Institute of Brewing and Distilling, which made him the youngest Master Brewer in the world.

OUTLOOK

The strong momentum in Pub Company has been maintained since the period end with LFL sales up 2.9% after 30 weeks. Ongoing uncertainty around Brexit may impact on consumer confidence, but as a team we are focused on our key strategic priorities and remain confident of our outlook for the financial year.

 

Rooney Anand

Chief executive officer

28 November 2018

 

FINANCIAL REVIEW

INCOME STATEMENT 

£ million

24 weeks to       14 October 2018

24 weeks to        15 October 2017

Revenue

1,051.2

1,031.4 

Adjusted operating profit1

184.6

188.4 

Adjusted net finance costs1

(56.4)

(60.5)

Adjusted profit before tax1

128.2

127.9    

Exceptional and non-underlying items

(0.5)

(4.2)

Profit before tax

127.7

123.7 

1 Adjusted measures exclude the impact of exceptional and non-underlying items.

 

Revenue was £1,051.2m, 1.9% ahead of last year boosted by the good weather during the summer and the successful World Cup. Pub Company sales were £850.3m, accounting for 81% of group revenue. Total revenue in Pub Partners was £90.9m and in Brewing & Brands was £110.0m. Operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items was £184.6m, which was 2.0% below last year. Group operating profit margin before exceptional and non-underlying items was down 0.7%pts to 17.6%, reflecting a 0.6%pts reduction in Pub Company margin to 15.8% and a decline in Brewing & Brands margin of 0.9%pts to 13.6%. The reduction in Pub Company margin was due to the investment in VSQ year-on-year and significant cost inflation. This was only partially offset by cost mitigation plans which are more weighted to the second half of the year, while the Brewing & Brands margin fall was due to channel mix and the increased sales contribution from third party beers.

Net interest costs before exceptional and non-underlying items were £56.4m. The interest costs for the full year are expected to be between £125m and £130m.

Profit before tax, exceptional and non-underlying items was £128.2m, 0.2% ahead of last year. The tax charge before exceptional and non-underlying items equated to an effective tax rate of 20.0% (2017: 20.0%).

Adjusted basic earnings per share before exceptional and non-underlying items were 33.1p, 0.3% higher than 2017. Statutory profit before tax was £127.7m, up 3.2%, benefitting from reduced finance costs and a reduction in exceptional and non-underlying items compared to the previous year. 

TAX

The effective rate of corporation tax (before exceptional and non-underlying items) of 20.0% is in line with the same period last year. This resulted in a charge to operating profits (before exceptional and non-underlying items) of £25.6m (2017: £25.6m).  The exceptional and non-underlying tax credit of £0.6m (2017: £10.7m) is discussed under exceptional and non-underlying items.

EXCEPTIONAL AND NON-UNDERLYING ITEMS

We recorded an exceptional and non-underlying items credit of £0.1m in the period, consisting of a £1.9m charge to operating profit before tax, a £1.4m credit to finance costs and a net exceptional and non-underlying tax credit of £0.6m. Items recognised in the year included the following:

1.    A £4.8m charge for employee costs and other legal and professional fees relating to restructuring activity undertaken in the period

2.    A net impairment credit of £0.2m (2017: net charge of £14.0m) made against the carrying value of our pubs and other assets. This comprises an impairment charge of £26.2m offset by reversals of previously recognised impairment losses of £26.4m

3.    A net surplus on disposal of property plant and equipment of £8.2m (2017: £9.3m)

4.    A £7.0m charge (2017: £7.7m) increasing the property lease provision for onerous contracts 

5.    A £1.5m pension settlement credit in relation to the pension increase exchange exercise within the Greene King pension scheme

6.    £1.4m of credits to exceptional and non-underlying finance costs which includes £5.1m of credits in respect of the mark-to-market movements in the fair value of interest rate swaps not qualifying for hedge accounting, £5.1m costs recycled from the hedging reserve in respect of settled interest rate swap liabilities and a £1.4m gain on settlement of financial liabilities

7.    The exceptional and non-underlying tax credit of £0.6m consists of a £1.7m tax charge on exceptional items and a £2.3m tax credit in respect of non-underlying items

Of the £0.1m total exceptional and non-underlying items credit, we incurred cash expenditure of £3.7m relating to restructuring costs, refinancing activity and previously accrued items.

CASH FLOW AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE

£ million

24 weeks to       14 October 2018

24 weeks to        15 October 2017

Adjusted EBITDA1

235.8

240.7 

Working capital and other movements2

(22.1)

(20.3)

Net interest paid2

 

 

(60.1)

(65.2)

Tax (paid)/ refunded2

3.6

(9.5)

Adjusted cash generated from operations

157.2

145.7 

Core capital expenditure

(58.2)

(60.0)

Dividend

(75.6)

(75.6)

Net repayment of trade loans/ other non-cash movements

2.0

0.5

Free cash flow

      25.4

10.6 

Disposal proceeds

30.7

16.8 

New build/ brand conversion capital expenditure

(24.5)

(22.8)

Exceptional and non-underlying items/ share issues

(3.7)

(49.0)

Payment of derivative liabilities

(13.5)

-

Change in net debt

14.4

(44.4)

1 Adjusted EBITDA represents earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and exceptional and non-underlying items.

2 Adjusted measures exclude the impact of exceptional and non-underlying items.

 

The group continued to be highly cash generative with cash generated from operations of £157.2m, up £11.5m compared with last year. This more than covered our debt repayment requirements, core capital expenditure and dividend during the period. Disposal proceeds of £30.7m reflected our ongoing programme of estate optimisation and we invested £24.5m in three new builds and 37 brand conversions.

The group disposed of 16 pubs in Pub Company and 24 pubs in Pub Partners, raising proceeds of £30.3m, with a further £0.4m generated through the sale of unlicensed property.

The group has continued to develop a strong, flexible and cost effective balance sheet. On 28 June 2018, £62.3m (30%) of the Spirit A4 secured bond was repaid at 103.3% of its par value, resulting in an exceptional gain on early settlement of £0.4m. The group also made a payment of £7.4m to terminate 30% of the corresponding interest rate swap contract.

On 28 September 2018, a further £51.9m (25%) of the Spirit A4 secured bond was repaid at 101.6% of its par value, resulting in an exceptional gain on early settlement of £1.0m. The group also made a payment of £6.1m to terminate a further 25% of the corresponding interest rate swap contract.

The gains on early settlement amount to the difference between the carrying value of the repaid bonds (comprising the nominal value and a fair value premium) and the settlement amount paid (comprising the nominal value and a prepayment penalty).

Since June 2017, the group has repaid a total of £331m of Spirit secured bonds which represents 43% of the nominal value of the Spirit securitised debt outstanding at F17 year end. The refinancing to date has generated an annualised cash interest saving of c. £13m and a net present value (NPV) benefit of c.£45m.

In line with our strategic priorities, the group's objective is to maximise the strength and flexibility of its balance sheet, and maintain a capital structure aimed at meeting the short, medium and longer-term funding requirements of the business. The principal elements of the group's capital structure are its revolving credit facilities, which were £338m drawn at the period end, and two long-term asset-backed financing vehicles.

At the period end, the Greene King securitisation had secured bonds with a carrying value of £1,318.1m and an average life of 10 years, secured against 1,414 pubs with a carrying value of £1.7bn. The Spirit debenture had secured bonds with a carrying value of £444.2m and an average life of nine years, secured against 831 pubs with a carrying value of £1.0bn.

The group's credit metrics remain strong with 88.2% of net interest costs at a fixed rate and an average cash cost of debt of 5.9%. On an annualised basis, fixed charge cover was 2.2x and net debt to EBITDA was 4.2x. The Greene King secured vehicle had a free cash flow debt service cover ratio of 1.6x at the period end, giving 29% headroom. The Spirit debenture vehicle had a free cash flow debt service cover ratio of 2.4x giving 45% headroom.

Group net debt at the period end was £2,017.9m, a reduction of £14.4m from the previous year end and £101.0m lower than last year.

BALANCE SHEET

£ million

14 October 2018

29 April 2018

Restated1

Goodwill and other intangibles

1,215.7 

1,223.9 

Property, plant and equipment

3,614.1 

3,597.8 

Post-employment assets

30.4 

13.6 

Net debt

(2,017.9)

(2,032.3)

Derivative financial instruments

(204.6)

(241.1)

Other net liabilities

(505.7)

(485.7)

Net assets

2,132.0 

    2,076.2  

 

 

 

Share capital and premium

300.9 

300.7 

Reserves

1,831.1 

1,775.5 

Total equity

2,132.0

2,076.2

1 Deferred tax, goodwill and retained earnings have been restated. See note 4 for further details.

PENSIONS

The group maintains three defined contribution schemes, which are open to all new employees and two defined benefit schemes, which are closed to new entrants and to future accrual.

At 14 October 2018, there was an IAS 19 pension asset of £30.4m representing an improvement of £16.8m since the previous year end. The improvement in position is due to the ongoing pension increase exchange exercise within the Greene King pension scheme and an increase in the discount rate.

The triennial valuations for both the Greene King and Spirit pension schemes will be as at April 2018 and are due to be finalised by July 2019. The last triennial valuation was carried out in 2015 and resulted in a combined £16.1m funding deficit across both the Greene King and Spirit schemes.

RETURN ON CAPITAL EMPLOYED

The group is focused on delivering the best possible return on assets and on the investments made. We are focused on capital discipline, through targeted investment in new build pubs, single site acquisitions and in developing our existing estate to drive organic growth, alongside disposals of non-core pubs. ROCE of 8.5% was down 0.5% pts from last year, primarily as a result of trading conditions at the end of the last financial year and the ongoing impact of cost headwinds.

DIVIDEND

The board has declared an interim dividend of 8.8 pence per share, which is in line with last year. This will be paid on 18 January 2019 to shareholders on the register at the close of business on 7 December 2018.

GUIDANCE FOR FINANCIAL YEAR 2018/19

There has been no material change in guidance since the preliminary results announced in June 2018.

We expect total gross cost inflation of around £45-50m and, after our cost mitigation plans of £30-35m, we expect net cost inflation of £10-20m.

We anticipate opening c.9 pubs and disposing of 100-110 pubs and expect to raise disposal proceeds of £60-70m in the full year.

We anticipate investing £125-130m, excluding brand optimisation capital expenditure, on maintaining and developing our pubs, in order to ensure they remain attractive places for customers to spend their time.

Spend on the brand optimisation programme is expected to total £15-20m, out of a total spend over four years of £120-150m, and we are targeting EBITDA returns significantly ahead of our cost of capital.

We expect the interest charge to be in the region of £125-130m when taking into account the charge relating to our debt facilities, pensions and provisions, and the in-year benefit from the Spirit refinancing.

The pre-exceptional tax rate is now expected to be c.20% due to the level of non-qualifying depreciation in relation to buildings which are not entitled to tax relief.

 

Richard Smothers

Chief financial officer

28 November 2018

  

Risks and uncertainties

 

The principal risks and uncertainties facing the group during the period under review and going forwards for the remainder of this year have not materially changed from those set out on pages 31 to 37 of the 2017/2018 annual report and accounts, which can be viewed via the www.greeneking.co.uk website.

 

In addition, in relation to Brexit, the group has identified significant risks in relation to a potential "no deal" Brexit that could materially affect the business including supply chain disruption and availability of products, difficulties in attracting and retaining employees from within the EU, increased administration on tax and customs as well as a tightening of the property markets affecting both acquisitions and disposals.

 

Elsewhere in this interim report there is more information on the risks associated with the economy, consumer sentiment and the trading performance of the group and, whilst a number of the risks facing the business have increased or broadened in scope since the year end, so too have the mitigation actions being undertaken to deal with them.

 

The risks that were set out in the 2017/18 annual report are summarised as follows:

 

·      Failure to adopt the right strategy for the group, and poor execution of the strategy

·      Failure to deliver an appealing customer offer, to identify and respond to fast-changing consumer tastes and habits (including the use of digital media), to respond to increased competition, to price products appropriately and to align the portfolio to the market and to consumer sentiment following the UK's departure from the EU

·      A weakening economy and softer consumer confidence in the UK, which may become more volatile as Brexit looms. We also continue to face significant cost headwinds, including the National Living Wage, the Apprenticeship Levy, the sugar tax and utilities taxes

·      Non-compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation and related legislation.

·      A significant cyber security breach or other loss of data

·      Inability to attract, retain, develop and motivate talented employees and licensees, including following the UK's departure from the EU

·      Reliance on a number of key suppliers and third party distributors and on our ability to produce, package and distribute our own beers

·      Non-compliance with health and safety legislation, food safety legislation and employment legislation

·      Inability to meet the funding requirements of the enlarged group

·      Liquidity and covenant risk relating to the group's securitisation and other financing arrangements

·      Funding requirements of the group's defined benefit schemes  

 

Responsibility statement

 

The directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge:

a)    the condensed set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with IAS34;

b)    the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by the Financial Statements Disclosure and Transparency Rules (DTR) 4.2.7R - "indication of important events during the first six months and their impact on the financial statements and description of principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the year"; and

c)    the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R - "disclosure of related party transactions and changes therein".

 

On behalf of the board

 

 

 

 

Philip Yea                                                                           Rooney Anand

Chairman                                                                            Chief executive

 

Unaudited group income statement

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

24 weeks to 14 Oct 2018

 

24 weeks to 15 Oct 2017

 

 

Before

 

 

 

Before

 

 

 

 

Exceptional and non-underlying

Exceptional and non-underlying

 

exceptional and non-underlying

Exceptional and non-underlying

 

 

 

 

Items

Items

(Note 3)

Total

items

Items

(Note 3)

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restated1

Restated1

 

 

Note

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2

1,051.2 

-  

1,051.2 

1,031.4 

-  

1,031.4 

 

Operating costs

 

(866.6)

(1.9)

(868.5)

(843.0)

(16.3)

(859.3)

 

Operating profit

2

184.6 

(1.9)

182.7 

188.4 

(16.3)

172.1 

 

Finance income

 

0.5 

-  

0.5 

0.4 

-  

0.4 

 

Finance costs

 

(56.9)

1.4 

(55.5)

(60.9)

12.1 

(48.8)

 

Profit before tax

 

128.2 

(0.5)

127.7 

127.9 

(4.2)

123.7 

 

Tax

4

(25.6)

0.6 

(25.0)

(25.6)

              10.7 

(14.9)

 

Profit attributable to equity holders of parent

 

102.6 

0.1 

102.7 

  

102.3 

 

6.5 

 

108.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- basic1

5

 

 

33.1p

 

 

35.1p

 

- adjusted basic2

5

33.1p

 

 

33.0p

 

 

 

- diluted1

5

 

 

33.1p

 

 

35.1p

 

- adjusted diluted2

5

33.1p

 

 

33.0p

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend proposed per share in respect of the period

 

8.8p

 

 

 

8.8p

 

 

 

                       

 

1 Exceptional and non-underlying tax has been restated. As a consequence basic EPS has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

2 Adjusted earnings per share excludes the effect of exceptional and non-underlying items.

 

 

Unaudited group statement of comprehensive income

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

 

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

 

 

 

 

Restated1

 

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

 

 

102.7 

108.8 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income to be reclassified to the income statement in subsequent periods:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

   Gains on cash flow hedges taken to other comprehensive income

 

 

9.1 

               10.7 

   Transfers to income statement on cash flow hedges

 

 

10.5 

                12.9 

Tax on cash flow hedges

 

 

(3.3)

               (3.2)

 

 

 

16.3 

20.4 

 

 

 

 

 

Items not to be reclassified to the income statement in subsequent

periods:

 

 

 

 

 

Re-measurement gains on defined benefit pension schemes

 

 

13.6 

              21.3 

Tax on re-measurement gains

 

 

(2.4)

              (3.6)

 

 

 

11.2 

17.7 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive gain for the period, net of tax

 

 

27.5 

38.1 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the period, net of tax

 

 

130.2 

146.9 

 

1 Exceptional and non-underlying tax has been restated. As a consequence profit for the period and total comprehensive income for the period, net of tax has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

Unaudited group balance sheet

as at 14 October 2018

 

 

 

As at

As at 

 

 

 

14 Oct 2018

29 Apr 2018 

 

 

 

 

Restated

 

Note

 

£m

£m 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

3,602.1 

3,589.2 

Intangible assets

 

 

120.6 

124.7 

Goodwill

 

 

1,095.1 

1,099.2 

Financial assets

 

 

11.7 

13.2 

Derivative financial instrument

9

 

4.8 

1.5 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

30.3 

39.5 

Post-employment assets

11

 

30.4 

13.6 

Prepayments

 

 

-  

0.2 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

0.1 

0.1 

 

 

 

4,895.1 

4,881.2 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

 

51.6 

47.7 

Financial assets

 

 

11.2 

10.5 

Income tax receivable

 

 

-  

10.2 

Prepayments

 

 

29.5 

26.3 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

72.6 

87.5 

Cash and cash equivalents

8

 

120.4 

168.5 

 

 

 

285.3 

350.7 

Property, plant and equipment held for sale

 

 

12.0 

8.6 

 

 

 

297.3 

359.3 

Total assets

 

 

5,192.4 

5,240.5 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

8

 

(77.1)

(54.6)

Derivative financial instruments

9

 

(9.9)

(20.6)

Trade and other payables

 

 

(394.1)

(420.0)

Off market contract liabilities

10

 

(17.8)

(17.9)

Income tax payable

 

 

(14.4)

-  

Provisions

10

 

(33.0)

(29.5)

 

 

 

(546.3)

(542.6)

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

8

 

(2,061.2)

(2,146.2)

Trade and other payables

 

 

(1.8)

(1.8)

Off market contract liabilities

10

 

(225.9)

(228.6)

Derivative financial instruments

9

 

(199.5)

(222.0)

Provisions

10

 

(25.7)

(23.1)

 

 

 

(2,514.1)

(2,621.7)

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

(3,060.4)

(3,164.3)

 

 

 

 

 

Total net assets

 

 

2,132.0 

2,076.2 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued capital and reserves

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

38.7 

38.7 

Share premium

 

 

262.2 

262.0 

Merger reserve

 

 

752.0 

752.0 

Capital redemption reserve

 

 

3.3 

3.3 

Hedging reserve

 

 

(141.8)

(158.1)

Own shares

 

 

(0.1)

(0.5)

Retained earnings

 

 

1,217.7 

1,178.8 

Total equity

 

 

2,132.0 

2,076.2 

Net debt

8

 

2,017.9 

2,032.3 

 

1 Deferred tax, goodwill and retained earnings have been restated. See note 4 for further details.

Unaudited group cash flow statement

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to 

 

 

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017 

 

 

 

Note

£m

£m 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

 

 

182.7 

172.1 

Operating exceptional and non-underlying items

 

 

 

1.9 

16.3 

Depreciation and amortisation

 

 

 

51.2 

52.3 

EBITDA1

 

 

 

235.8 

240.7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working capital and other movements

 

 

7

(25.8)

(43.1)

Interest received

 

 

 

0.3 

0.4 

Interest paid

 

 

 

(60.4)

(65.6)

Tax refund/(paid)

 

 

 

3.6 

(35.5)

Net cash flow from operating activities

 

 

 

153.5 

96.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

(82.7)

(82.8)

Advances of trade loans

 

 

 

(2.1)

(1.9)

Repayment of trade loans

 

 

 

2.9 

3.3 

Sales of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

30.7 

16.8 

Net cash flow from investing activities

 

 

 

(51.2)

(64.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Equity dividends paid

 

 

6

(75.6)

(75.6)

Issue of shares

 

 

 

 -  

0.3 

Purchase of own shares

 

 

 

-  

(0.5)

Payment of derivative liabilities

 

 

 

(13.5)

                     -     

Financing costs

 

 

8

(2.9)

    

Repayment of borrowings

 

 

8

(140.1)

(52.9)

Advance of borrowings

 

 

8

60.8 

                30.0 

Net cash flow from financing activities

 

 

 

(171.3)

(98.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

(69.0)

(66.4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

168.5 

443.0 

Closing cash and cash equivalents

 

 

8

99.5 

376.6 

 

1 EBITDA represents earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation, exceptional and non-underlying items.

 

 

Unaudited GROUP statement of changes in equity

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

 

 

Share

Share

Merger

Capital

Hedging

Own

Retained

Total

 

capital

premium

reserve

redemption

reserve

shares

earnings

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m  

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restated at 29 April 2018

38.7 

262.0 

752.0 

3.3 

(158.1)

(0.5)

1,178.8 

2,076.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

102.7 

102.7 

Other comprehensive income

-  

-  

-  

-  

16.3 

-  

11.2 

27.5 

Total comprehensive income

-  

-  

-  

-  

16.3 

-  

113.9 

130.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of share capital

-  

0.2 

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

0.2 

Release of shares

 

 

 

 

 

0.4 

(0.4)

-  

Share-based payments

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

1.0 

1.0 

Equity dividends paid

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

(75.6)

(75.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 14 October 2018

38.7 

262.2 

752.0 

3.3 

(141.8)

(0.1)

1,217.7 

2,132.0 

 

 

 

Share

Share

Merger

Capital

Hedging

Own

Retained

Total

 

Capital

Premium

Reserve

redemption

reserve

Shares

Earnings

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m  

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30 April 2017 as previously stated

38.7 

261.7 

752.0

3.3 

(192.2)

(0.2)

1,080.9 

1,944.2 

Prior year restatement (note 4)

-  

-  

-

-  

-  

-  

4.6 

4.6 

Restated at 30 April 2017

38.7 

261.7 

752.0

3.3 

(192.2)

(0.2)

1,085.5 

1,948.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

108.8 

108.8 

Other comprehensive income

-  

-  

-  

-  

         20.4 

-  

           17.7 

38.1 

Total comprehensive income

-  

 -  

-  

-  

        20.4 

-  

         126.5 

146.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of share capital

          -

0.3 

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

0.3 

Release of shares

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

0.2 

(0.2)

        -  

Purchase of shares

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

     (0.5)

            -  

        (0.5)

Share-based payments

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

-  

0.5 

           0.5 

Equity dividends paid

-  

-  

-  

-  

-   

-   

(75.6)

         (75.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 15 October 2017

38.7

262.0 

752.0

3.3 

(171.8)

(0.5)

1,136.7 

2,020.4 

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

1      BASIS OF PREPARATION

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with Disclosure and Transparency rules and with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting. The financial information contained in this interim statement does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in section 435 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

The figures for the period ended 29 April 2018 have been derived from the statutory accounts of the group for that year. These published accounts were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted for use in the European Union, and reported on by auditors without qualification, emphasis of matter or statement under Sections 498(2) and 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006 and have been filed with the Registrar of Companies.  The comparatives have been restated in respect of deferred tax, see note 4 for further details.

 

The interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the 24 weeks ended 14 October 2018 and the comparatives to 15 October 2017 are unaudited but have been reviewed by the auditor; a copy of their review report is included at the end of this report.

 

A combination of the strong operational cash flows generated by the business, and the significant available headroom on its credit facilities, support the directors' view that the group has sufficient funds available to meet its foreseeable working capital requirements.  The directors, having also considered the principal risks, have therefore concluded that the going concern basis of accounting remains appropriate.

 

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the interim report are consistent with those applied in the preparation of the group's annual report for the period ended 29 April 2018, except for the adoption of new standards and interpretations applicable as of 30 April 2018.

 

The preparation of the interim report requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions in the application of accounting policies that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expense.  The estimates and judgements considered to be significant are consistent with those applied in the preparation of the group's annual report for the period ended 29 April 2018.

 

New standards and interpretations

 

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The group adopted IFRS 15 on 30 April 2018 using the cumulative catch-up ('modified') transition method with the effect of initially applying this standard recognised at the date of initial application. Accordingly, the information presented for comparative periods has not been restated and is presented, as previously reported, under IAS 18, IAS 11 and related interpretations.

 

IFRS 15 provides a single, five-step revenue recognition model, applicable to all sales contracts, which is based upon the principle that revenue is recognised when control of goods or services is transferred to the customer. It replaces all existing revenue recognition guidance under current IFRS.

 

IFRS 15 has not had a material impact on the recognition of revenue for any of the revenue streams of the group. Accordingly no separate presentation of its impact on the financial statements is presented.

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

1      BASIS OF PREPARATION (CONTINUED)

 

IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

The group adopted IFRS 9 on 30 April 2018 prospectively. Accordingly, the information presented for comparative periods has not been restated and is presented, as previously reported, under IAS 39. 

 

IFRS 9 covers the classification, measurement and derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities, together with a new hedge accounting model and a new expected credit loss model for calculating impairment of financial assets. It replaces of IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement.

 

IFRS 9 has not had a material impact on the recognition of financial assets and liabilities including derivative financial instruments. Accordingly no separate presentation of its impact on the financial statements is presented.

 

Impact of standards issued but not yet applied by the group

 

IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 Leases is effective 1 January 2019, replacing IAS 17 Leases. Whilst lessor accounting is similar to IAS 17, lessee accounting is significantly different under the new lease standard. Under IFRS 16 the group will recognise within the balance sheet a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for future lease payments in respect of all leases, unless the underlying assets are of low value or the lease term is 12 months or less. Within the income statement, rental expense on operating leases will be replaced with depreciation on the right-of-use asset and interest expense on the lease liability.

 

The group has entered into commercial leases on certain properties and items of plant and machinery. The terms of the leases vary but typically on inception a property lease will be for a period of up to 30 years and plant and machinery will be for 6 years. As set out in note 29 - Financial commitments of the Greene King Annual Report 2018, the group had operating lease commitments totalling £1.8bn as at 29 April 2018 and therefore IFRS 16 will have a material impact on the group.

 

The group is currently in an advance stage of the IFRS 16 Leases implementation project, having acquired market leading lease accounting software and engaged with a global software solutions integrator. The implications of the standard are currently under review, with the group in the process of setting out related accounting policies and lease procedures in conjunction with the integration of the new lease accounting software. Until the project has been finalised, it is not practical to provide a reasonable estimate on the financial effect of and transition option to IFRS 16.

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

2      SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The group has determined three reportable segments that are largely organised and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, distribution channels and profile of customers.  The segments include the following businesses:

 

Pub Company: Managed pubs and restaurants

Pub Partners: Tenanted and leased pubs

Brewing & Brands: Brewing, marketing and selling beer

 

Segmental operating profit is profit before exceptional and non-underlying items, finance costs and income tax.

 

24 weeks to 14 October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pub

Pub

Brewing

Corporate

Total

 

Company

Partners

& Brands

 

operations

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

Revenue

850.3 

90.9  

110.0 

1,051.2 

Analysed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Goods

 

 

 

 

 

- Drink

472.8 

63.2  

110.0 

-  

646.0 

- Food

338.7 

-  

-  

-  

338.7 

 

811.5 

63.2 

110.0 

-  

984.7 

Services

 

 

 

 

 

- Other services1

38.8 

27.7 

-  

-  

66.5 

 

38.8 

27.7 

-  

-  

66.5 

 

 

EBITDA2

176.6 

45.8 

17.6 

235.8 

 

 

Segment operating profit

134.2 

41.4 

15.0 

184.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional and non-underlying items

-  

-  

  -  

-  

(1.9)

Net finance cost

-  

-  

-  

-  

(55.0)

Income tax charge

-  

-  

-  

-  

(25.0)

Net profit for the period

-  

-  

-  

-  

102.7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 14 October 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment assets

3,709.6 

866.2 

391.6 

39.1 

5,006.5 

Unallocated assets3

-  

-  

-  

-  

185.9 

 

3,709.6 

866.2 

391.6 

39.1 

5,192.4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment liabilities

(383.4)

(40.7)

(101.4)

(147.9)

(673.4)

Unallocated liabilities3

-  

-  

-  

-  

(2,387.0)

 

(383.4)

(40.7)

(101.4)

(147.9)

(3,060.4)

Net assets

3,326.2 

825.5 

290.2 

(108.8)

2,132.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

1 Other services include accommodation, rental and machine income.

2 EBITDA represents earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation, exceptional and non-underlying items.

3 Unallocated assets/liabilities comprise cash, borrowings, pensions, deferred tax, current tax, indirect tax provisions and derivatives.

  

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

2      Segment information (continued)

 

24 weeks to 15 October 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pub

Pub

Brewing

Corporate

Total

 

Company

Partners

& Brands

 

operations

 

Restated5

Restated5

 

 

Restated4,5

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

Revenue

837.0 

92.1 

102.3 

1,031.4  

Analysed as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Goods

 

 

 

 

 

- Drink

446.5 

64.0 

102.3 

-  

612.8 

- Food

348.0 

-  

-  

-  

348.0 

 

794.5 

64.0 

102.3 

-  

960.8  

Services

 

 

 

 

 

- Other services1

42.5 

28.1 

-  

-  

70.6 

 

42.5 

28.1 

-  

-  

70.6 

 

 

EBITDA2

180.7 

48.3 

17.1 

240.7 

 

 

Segment operating profit

136.9 

43.6 

14.8 

188.4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional and non-underlying items

-  

-  

 -  

-  

(16.3)

Net finance cost

-  

-  

-  

-  

(48.4)

Income tax charge4

-  

-  

-  

-  

(14.9)

Net profit for the period

-  

-  

-  

-  

108.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 29 April 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment assets

3,694.4 

877.9 

395.1 

39.8 

5,007.2 

Unallocated assets3

-  

-  

-  

-  

233.3 

 

3,694.4 

877.9 

395.1 

39.8 

5,240.5 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment liabilities

(392.1)

(45.3)

(101.4)

(157.5)

(696.3)

Unallocated liabilities3

-  

-  

-  

-  

(2,468.0)

 

(392.1)

(45.3)

(101.4)

(157.5)

(3,164.3)

Net assets

3,302.3  

832.6  

293.7 

(117.7)

2,076.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

1 Other services include accommodation, rental and machine income.

2 EBITDA represents earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation, exceptional and non-underlying items.

3 Unallocated assets/liabilities comprise cash, borrowings, pensions, deferred tax, current tax, indirect tax provisions and derivatives.

4 Exceptional and non-underlying tax has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

5 Goodwill within segment assets has been restated in Pub Company and Pub Partners. Deferred tax within unallocated liabilities has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

 

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

3      Exceptional and Non-underlying items

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

 

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

 

 

 

 

Restated1

 

 

 

£m

£m

 

Included in operating profit

Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

Acquisition and integration costs

 

-  

3.9 

 

Net impairment of property, plant and equipment

 

(0.2)

14.0 

 

Non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

Net profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment, and goodwill

 

(8.2)

(9.3)

 

Net increase in property lease provisions (see note 10)

 

7.0 

           7.7 

 

Employee costs and other legal and professional fees

Defined benefit obligation credit                                                                                                   

 

4.8 

(1.5)

      -  

                -  

 

 

 

1.9 

16.3 

 

Included in financing costs

Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

Settlement of financial liabilities

 

(1.4)

(5.1) 

 

Fair value movements of derivatives held at fair value through profit and loss

 

(5.1)

(12.5)

 

Non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

Amounts recycled from hedging reserve in respect of settled interest rate liabilities

 

5.1 

5.5 

 

Total exceptional and non-underlying items before tax

 

0.5 

4.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

Tax impact of exceptional items

 

1.7 

           (10.2)

 

Non-underlying items

 

 

 

 

Tax impact of non-underlying items

 

(2.6)

(0.5)

 

Adjustment in respect of prior periods

 

0.3 

                        -

 

Total exceptional and non-underlying tax

 

(0.6)

               (10.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total exceptional and non-underlying items after tax

 

(0.1)

               (6.5)

 

 

1 Exceptional and non-underlying tax has been restated. See note 4 for further details.

 

During the 24 week period to 14 October 2018 the group has recognised a net impairment gain of £0.2m (2017:  £14.0m - loss) in respect of its licensed estate. This is comprised of an impairment charge of £26.2m (2017: £19.8m) and a reversal of previously recognised impairment losses of £26.4m (2017: £5.8m).  Impairment has been recognised in respect of a small number of pubs and is driven by changes in the local competitive and trading environment at the respective sites, and changes to estimates of fair value less costs of disposal.  In addition to this impairment, reversals have been recognised following an improvement in trading performance and an increase in amounts of estimated future cash flows for previously impaired sites.

 

The net profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment of £8.2m (2017: £9.3m) comprises a total profit on disposal of £17.4m (2017: £22.7m) and a total loss on disposal of £9.2m (2017: £13.4m). A charge of £7.0m (2017: £7.7m) has been incurred to increase the property lease provisions relating to onerous lease contracts.

 

The group incurred £4.8m of non-underlying employee costs and other legal and professional fees, which included a material restructuring cost and costs associated with changes to management. These costs are associated with a head office and field team restructure to better align the Pub Company support centre and management structures to the simplified brand portfolio and to develop a more efficient organisation.

 

The defined benefit obligation credit relates to a past service credit, net of fees of £1.5m, recognised for the Greene King Pension Scheme as a result of a Pension Increase Exchange exercise.  

 

The pension scheme has been undertaking an exercise where eligible pensioner members are offered a Pension Increase Exchange. Members choosing to take up their offers will receive no future increases to their pre-1997 pension in payment (excluding GMP pensions), in exchange for an immediate one-off increase in their current pension.

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

3      Exceptional and Non-underlying items (continued)

 

At the half-year date, based on known acceptances at that point, this exercise has resulted in a past service credit to the P&L under IAS19. The credit has been calculated on consistent assumptions with those used for the group's 29 April 2018 year end accounts, but with financial conditions updated to 30 September 2018.

 

In the prior year the group also recognised £3.9m in relation to the final amount incurred in connection with the acquisition and integration of Spirit Pub Company.

 

Exceptional and non-underlying financing cost

During the period the group settled financial liabilities in relation to the Spirit secured financing vehicle, recognising a total gain of £1.4m. On 28 June 2018 £62.3m (30%) of the Spirit A4 secured bond was repaid at 103.3% of its par value, resulting in an exceptional gain on early settlement of £0.4m. On 28 September 2018 a further £51.9m (25%) of the Spirit A4 secured bond was repaid at 101.6% of its par value, resulting in an exceptional gain on early settlement of £1.0m. These exceptional gains amount to the difference between the carrying value of the repaid bonds (comprising the nominal value and a fair value premium) and the settlement amount paid (comprising the nominal value and a prepayment penalty).

 

During the prior period a net exceptional gain of £5.1m was recognised in respect of the termination of a financial guarantee provided by Ambac and the full repayment of the Spirit A3 secured bond at its par value of £27.7m.

 

Exceptional and non-underlying tax

Of the £10.2m prior year credit to tax impact of exceptional items, £14.0m credit is in respect of the licensed estate which arose due to management's revision of its estimate of the residual value of buildings from 80% to 85%. This is partially offset by a £3.2m charge in respect of mark-to-market movements on the Spirit interest rate swaps.

 

The Finance Act 2016 reduced the rate of corporation tax from 19% to 17% from 1 April 2020. The reduction had been enacted at the prior year balance sheet date and was therefore included in those accounts. The net deferred tax liability has been calculated using the rates at which each temporary difference is expected to reverse.

 

4      Tax

 

The tax charge before exceptional and non-underlying items is £25.6m which equates to an effective tax rate of 20% for the year ended 28 April 2019. This compares to an effective rate of 20% for the same period last year.

 

Prior year restatement of deferred tax

The prior year net deferred tax asset has been restated as at 30 April 2017 to £48.4m, and as at 29 April 2018 to £39.5m. The net deferred tax asset has decreased by £4.9m as at 30 April 2017 and is made up of the following three items:

 

A £10.0m increase in deferred tax asset as at 30 April 2017 has been recognised in relation to lease premiums. These premiums were paid between Greene King subsidiaries to take on a 15 year lease of new-build property with a restricted amount of the premium paid by the lessee being deductible over the life of the ease. 

 

A £6.6m increase in deferred tax liability as at 30 April 2017 has been recognised in respect of property, plant and equipment is the result of an incorrect allocation between amounts recoverable for tax purposes on a use or sales basis.

 

A £8.3m decrease in deferred tax asset as at 30 April 2017 has been recognised which relates to the fair value assessment of interest rate swaps acquired through the Spirit acquisition. The initial deferred tax asset recognised, and related goodwill, was overstated by £9.5m, with the adjustment aligning tax and accounting treatment.

 

The above three adjustments has increased goodwill by £9.5m as at 30 April 2017 and 29 April 2018, and increased retained earnings by £4.6m as at 30 April 2017 and £19.3m as at 29 April 2018.

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

4      Tax (continued)

 

As a consequence of the incorrect allocation between amounts recoverable for tax purposes on a use or sales basis within property, plant and equipment error, there is a £12.1m decrease to the exceptional and non-underlying tax charge in the period ended 15 October 2017.

 

5      Earnings per share

 

Basic earnings per share has been calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity holders of £102.7m (2017: £108.8m) by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the period (excluding own shares held) of 309.9m (2017: 309.9m).

 

Adjusted earnings per share excludes the effect of exceptional and non-underlying items and is presented to show the underlying performance of the group on both a basic and diluted basis.

 

 

Earnings

 

Basic earnings

per share

Diluted earnings

per share

 

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

 

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

 

 

 

 

Restated

 

Restated

 

Restated

 

 

 

£m 

£m 

 

 

Basic

102.7 

108.8  

33.1 

35.1  

33.1 

35.1  

 

 

Exceptional items

(0.1)

(6.5) 

-  

(2.1) 

-  

(2.1) 

 

 

Adjusted

102.6 

102.3  

33.1 

33.0  

33.1 

33.0  

 

 

                         

 

Diluted earnings per share has been calculated on a similar basis taking account of 0.5m (2017: 0.5m) dilutive potential shares under option, giving a weighted average number of ordinary shares adjusted for the effect of dilution of 310.4m (2017: 310.4m). There were 0.8m (2017: 0.5m) anti-dilutive share options excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation. The performance conditions for share options granted over 2.8m (2017: 2.7m) shares have not been met in the current financial period and therefore the dilutive effect of the number of shares which would have been issued at the period end has not been included in the diluted earnings per share calculation.

 

Shares held by the Employee Benefit Trust are excluded from the calculation of weighted average number of shares in issue.

 

Prior period figures have been restated to take into account the adjustment to deferred tax. See note 4 for further details. The impact on the prior period basic earnings per share is an increase of 3.9p, with adjusted earnings per share remaining unchanged.

 

6      Dividends paid

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Declared and paid in the period

 

 

 

Final dividend for 2017/18 - 24.40p (2016/17: 24.60p)

 

75.6 

75.6 

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

7      Working capital and OTHER movements

 

 

24 weeks to

24 weeks to

 

 

14 Oct 2018

15 Oct 2017

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Increase in inventories

 

(3.9)

(4.7)

Decrease in trade and other receivables

 

11.9 

              8.3 

Decrease in trade and other payables

 

(20.0)

(12.7)

Decrease in off-market contract liabilities

 

(8.3)

(9.5)

Decrease in provisions

 

(1.5)

(0.5)

Share-based payments

 

1.0 

0.5 

Defined benefit pension contributions paid        

(1.3)

(1.7)

Operating exceptional and non-underlying items

 

(3.7)

(22.8)

Working capital and other movements

 

(25.8)

(43.1)

 

8      Analysis OF and movements in net debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at 29

Financing

Changes in

Other non-

As at 14

 

 

Apr 2018

cash flows

Fair value

cash changes

Oct 2018

 

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash at bank and in hand1

 

168.5 

(48.1)

-  

-  

120.4 

Cash and cash equivalents for balance sheet

 

168.5 

(48.1)

-  

-  

120.4 

Overdrafts

 

-  

(20.9)

-  

-  

(20.9)

Cash and cash equivalents for cash flow

 

168.5 

(69.0)

-  

-  

99.5 

Liabilities from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Included in net debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Finance leases

 

(20.6)

0.1 

-  

-  

(20.5)

- Unsecured bank loans - floating rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

  - Bank loan - Facility A

  - Bank loan - Facility B

- Securitised borrowing

 

(88.8)

(184.3)

(1,907.1)

(10.0)

(50.8)

142.9 

-  

-  

-  

(0.2)

(0.5)

1.9 

(99.0)

(235.6)

(1,762.3)

 

 

(2,200.8)

82.2 

-  

1.2 

(2,117.4)

Not included in net debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Derivative financial instruments2

 

(241.1)

13.5 

23.0

-  

(204.6)

 

Liabilities from financing activities

 

 

(2,441.9)

 

95.7 

 

23.0

 

1.2 

 

(2,322.0)

 

Net debt

 

 

(2,032.3)

 

13.2 

 

-  

 

1.2 

 

(2,017.9)

                     

 

1 Includes short-term deposits and overdrafts.

2 Includes derivative asset balances. Fair value movements are shown net of interest settlement, which are included within interest paid.

 

On 28 June 2018 the group repaid £62.3m (30%) of the outstanding Class A4 secured loan note issued by Spirit Issuer plc at 103.3% of its par value. The group also made a payment of £7.4m to terminate 30% of the corresponding interest rate swap contract.

 

On 28 September 2018 the group repaid £51.9m (25%) of the outstanding Class A4 secured loan note issued by Spirit Issuer plc at 101.6% of its par value. The group also made a payment of £6.1m to terminate 25% of the corresponding interest rate swap contract.

 

The gains on early settlement amount to the difference between the carrying value of the repaid bonds (comprising the nominal value and a fair value premium) and the settlement amount paid (comprising the nominal value and a prepayment penalty).

 

At the start of the period the group's revolving credit facilities were £277.0m drawn. Following advances totalling £60.8m, of which £50.8m was an advance under Facility B in connection with the repayment of Spirit A4 secured loan notes, the amount drawn at the period end was £337.8m.

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

9      Financial instruments

 

IFRS 13 requires the classification of financial instruments measured at fair value to be determined by reference to the source of inputs used to derive fair value. 

 

The following derivative financial assets are held at fair value:

 

 

 

As at

As at

 

 

14 Oct 2018

29 Apr 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps

 

4.8

1.5 

 

The following derivative financial liabilities are held at fair value:

 

 

 

As at

As at

 

 

14 Oct 2018

29 Apr 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps

 

(209.4)

(242.6) 

 

The inputs used to calculate the fair value of interest rate swaps fall within Level 2 of the prescribed three level hierarchy in IFRS 13. Level 2 fair value measurements use inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the relevant asset or liability either directly or indirectly.  There were no transfers between levels during any period disclosed.

 

The fair value of derivative financial instruments is calculated by discounting all future cash flows by the market yield curve at the balance sheet date and adjusting for, where appropriate, the group's and counterparty credit risk. Changes in credit risk had no material effect on the hedge effectiveness assessment for derivatives designated in hedge relationships.

 

The fair value of financial instruments is equal to their book values with the exception of the group's securitised debt.  The fair value of the group's securitised debt, based on quoted market prices (Level 1), at 14 October 2018 was £1,815.5m (29 April 2018: £1,984.8m) compared to a carrying value of £1,762.3m (29 April 2018: £1,907.1m).

 

10    PROVISIONS

 

Indirect tax provision

£m

Property leases

£m

Off-market liabilities

£m

Total provisions £m

At 29 April 2018

24.7 

27.9 

246.5 

299.1 

Unwinding of discount element of provision

-  

0.3 

5.5 

5.8 

Net increase in provisions during the period

0.3 

7.0 

-  

7.3 

Utilised during the period

-  

(1.5)

(8.3)

(9.8)

At 14 October 2018

25.0 

33.7 

243.7 

302.4 

 

Provisions have been analysed between current and non-current as follows:

 

14 October 2018

 

Indirect tax provision

£m

Property leases

£m

Off-market liabilities

£m

Total provisions £m

Current

25.0

8.0

17.8

50.8

Non-current

-  

25.7

225.9

251.6

 

25.0

33.7

243.7

302.4

 

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

10    PROVISIONS (continued)

 

Off-market contract liabilities

Off-market contract liabilities are recognised where contracts are at unfavourable terms relative to current market terms on acquisition. For acquired leases where the current rentals are below market terms, an operating lease intangible asset has been recognised. For other acquired pubs an off-market liability has been calculated as the difference between the present value of future contracted rentals and the present value of future market rate rentals. 

 

Property leases

The provision for property leases has been set up to cover operating costs of vacant or loss making premises as well as dilapidation requirements.

 

Indirect tax provisions

During a previous period the Spirit Pub Company group received VAT refunds of £17.9m from HMRC in respect of gaming machines following a ruling involving The Rank Group plc ("Rank") that the application of VAT contravened the EU's principal of fiscal neutrality.  HMRC successfully appealed the decision in October 2013. However, HMRC did not seek to recover the VAT of £17.9m and associated interest of £7.1m because it had accepted a guarantee that it would only repay this VAT if Rank's litigation is finally determined in HMRC's favour. Rank's latest appeal was rejected by the Supreme Court in July 2015 and the group is currently awaiting the outcome of related litigation.

 

11    PENSIONS

 

The group maintains two defined benefit schemes; Greene King Pension Scheme, and Spirit (Legacy) Pension Scheme.

 

The pension and other post-employment benefit net asset at 14 October 2018 was £30.4m, an improvement of £16.8m from the position as at April 2018.

 

Movements in this asset are as follows:

 

 

Schemes

 

 

Greene King

Spirit

Total

 

 

£m

£m

£m

 

Post-employment assets at 29 April 2018

1.5 

12.1 

13.6 

 

Re-measurement gains/(losses) in other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

  Return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net expenses)

3.6 

(10.6)

(7.0)

 

  Changes in demographic assumptions relating to liabilities

-  

(7.5)

(7.5)

 

  Changes in financial assumptions relating to liabilities

5.1 

19.4 

24.5 

 

Experience adjustments

3.6 

-  

3.6 

 

 

12.3 

1.3 

13.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employer contributions

1.3 

-  

1.3 

 

Interest on pension scheme obligations

-  

0.2 

0.2 

 

Past service credit

1.7 

-  

1.7 

 

Post-employment assets at 14 October 2018

16.8 

13.6 

30.4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 

The improvement in the pension position is due to the completion of the Pension Increase Exchange exercise within the Greene King pension scheme, and an increase in discount rate. Discount rates for Greene King and Spirit increased from 2.8% used at 29 April 2018 to 3.0% and 3.1% respectively, used at 14 October 2018 reducing the liabilities to the schemes.  Other key assumptions are increases in RPI inflation and CPI inflation from 3.1% and 2.0% to 3.3% and 2.2% respectively.

 

A charge of £7.5m has been recognised through other comprehensive income relating to a change in market conditions affecting the cash commutation of the Spirit pension scheme.

 

Both schemes were last valued in 2015 and are undergoing a full actuarial valuation.

Notes to the accounts

for the twenty-four weeks ended 14 October 2018

 

12    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

No transactions have been entered into with related parties during the period.

 

Greene King Finance plc and Spirit Issuer plc are structured entities set up to raise bond finance for the group, and as such are deemed to be related parties. The results and financial position of the entities have been consolidated.

 

13    Post balance sheet events

 

Interim dividend

An interim dividend of 8.8p per share (2017: 8.8p) amounting to a dividend of £27.3m (2017: £27.3m) was declared by the directors at their meeting on 26 November 2018. These financial statements do not reflect this dividend payable.

 

Guaranteed minimum pension equalisation

The group does not make any allowance for the impact of Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) equalisation. Following the legal judgement of 26 October 2018 in relation to the Lloyds Banking Group case it is likely the group will need to equalise GMPs. Given the timing of the announcement of the interim results, the complexity of the calculation and the fact the group has two defined benefit schemes this has meant that it is not possible to estimate the additional liability. However, this will be reviewed during the second half of the financial year, and any impact will be reflected in the year-end accounts as an exceptional profit and loss item.

 

Independent review report to Greene King plc 

 

Introduction

 

We have been engaged by Greene King plc (the 'Company') to review the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the twenty four week period ended 14 October 2018 which comprises the interim group income statement, the interim group statement of comprehensive income, the interim group balance sheet, the interim group cash flow statement, the interim group statement of changes in equity and the related notes 1 to 13. We have read the other information contained in the half yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial statements.

               

This report is made solely to the Company in accordance with guidance contained in International Standard on Review Engagements 2410 (UK and Ireland) "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company, for our work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed.

               

Directors' responsibilities

 

 The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the directors. The directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

As disclosed in note 1, the annual financial statements of the Group are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union. The condensed set of financial statements included in this half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, "Interim Financial Reporting", as adopted by the European Union.

                 

Our responsibility

 

Our responsibility is to express to the Company a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report based on our review.

                 

Scope of review

 

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410, "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

                 

Conclusion

 

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report for the 24 week period ended 14 October 2018 is not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

 

Ernst & Young LLP

London

28 November 2018

 

 

ALTERNATIVE PERFORMANCE MEASURES

 

The performance of the group is assessed using a number of Alternative Performance Measures (APMs). 

The group's results are presented both before and after exceptional and non-underlying items.  Adjusted profitability measures are presented excluding exceptional and non-underlying items as we believe this provides both management and investors with useful additional information about the group's performance and aids a more effective comparison of the group's trading performance from one period to the next and with similar businesses.  Adjusted profitability measures are reconciled to unadjusted IFRS results on the face of the income statement with details of exceptional and non-underlying items provided in note 3. 

In addition, the group's results are described using certain other measures that are not defined under IFRS and are therefore considered to be APMs.  These measures are used by management to monitor on-going business performance against both shorter term budgets and forecast but also against the group's longer term strategic plans.  The definition of each APM presented in this report and, also, where reconciliation to the nearest measure prepared in accordance with IFRS can be found is shown below.

APMs used to explain and monitor group performance:

Measure

Definition

Location of reconciliation to GAAP measure

Group EBITDA

Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation, exceptional and non-underlying items.  Calculated by taking operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items and adding back depreciation and amortisation.

Group cash flow statement

Operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items

Group operating profit excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

Group income statement

Operating profit margin

Operating profit margin is calculated by dividing operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items by revenue.

 

Net interest before exceptional items

Group finance costs excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

 

Profit before tax and exceptional and non-underlying items (PBTE)

Group profit before tax excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

Group income statements

Adjusted basic earnings per share

Earnings per share excluding the impact of exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 5 to the financial statements

Return on investment (ROI)

Return on investment across all our core pub businesses. Calculated as the average incremental increase in pub EBITDA post investment divided by the total core capex invested in completed developments.

Note A below

Net debt : EBITDA

Net debt as disclosed on the group balance sheet divided by annualised EBITDA. 

Note B below

Free cash flow

EBITDA less working capital and non-cash movements (excluding exceptional items), tax payments (excluding amounts paid in respect of settlements of historic tax positions and adjusted for the impact of HMRC payment regime changes), interest payments (excluding payment of interest in respect of tax settlements), core capex, dividends and other non-cash movements.

Note C below

Fixed charge cover

Calculated by dividing EBITDAR less maintenance capex by the sum of interest paid and rental costs.

Note D below

ROCE

Return on capital employed.  Calculated by dividing annualised operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items by periodic average capital employed.  Capital employed is defined as total net assets excluding deferred tax balances, derivatives, post-employment liabilities and net debt.

Note E below

Core capex

Capital expenditure excluding amounts relating to the group's brand swap programme, Spirit integration, other acquisitions and in respect of new build sites.

Note F below

Non-returning capex

Investment not expected to generate incremental revenues for the group.

Note F below

 

APMs used to explain and monitor the performance of the group business segments:

Measure

Definition

Location of reconciliation to GAAP measure

Pub Company like-for-like (LFL) sales

Pub Company LFL sales include revenue from the sale of drink, food and accommodation but exclude machine income.

LFL sales performance is calculated against a comparable 24 week period in the prior year for core sites that were trading for the entirety of both 24 week periods. 

Note G below

Pub Company operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items

Pub Company operating profit excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 2 to the financial statements

Pub Company EBITDA

Pub Company earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 2 to the financial statements

Pub Company EBITDA per pub

Calculated by dividing Pub Company EBITDA by the average number of pubs trading in a financial period.

 

Pub Partners like-for-like net profit

Pub Partners LFL net profit includes pub operating profit but excludes exceptional and non-underlying items (LFL net income), and allocation of central overheads.

LFL profit performance is calculated against a comparable 24 week period in the prior year for pubs that were trading for the entirety of both 24 week periods.

Note H below

Pub Partners EBITDA

Pub Partners earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortisation and exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 2 to the financial statements

Pub Partners EBITDA per pub

Calculated by dividing Pub Partners EBITDA by the average number of pubs trading in a financial period.

 

Pub Partners operating profit before exceptional items

Pub Partners operating profit excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 2 to the financial statements

Brewing & Brands operating profit before exceptional items

Brewing & Brands operating profit excluding exceptional and non-underlying items.

Note 2 to the financial statements

 

In addition the group uses the following non-financial KPIs to assess performance against its strategic objectives:

Measure

Definition

Brewing & Brands OBV growth (%)

Year-on-year growth in the volume of sales of beer brewed at our Greene King and Belhaven breweries.

Pub Company net promoter score (NPS) %

Calculated by asking customers how likely they are to recommend the pub on a scale of 0-10 (10 being the most favourable).  The percentage of responses where the score is 0-6 (brand detractors) is subtracted from the percentage of responses where the score is 9 or 10 (brand promoters) to give the NPS.  Scores of 7 or 8 (passive responses) are ignored.

Team turnover

The percentage of leavers against the average headcount over a rolling annual period, excluding any student leavers.

Team engagement

The proportion of respondents who agreed with the following statement: "I would recommend Greene King as a great place to work to others".

 

APM RECONCILIATIONS

 

A.    RETURN ON INVESTMENT

Return on investment is calculated by dividing the total annualised up-lift in EBITDA from all core development schemes completed in the financial year by the total amount invested in those schemes.

Total capital investment quoted below is the total spent on schemes completed in the year and is not intended to reconcile to total in-year capital expenditure presented in note F below.

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

Incremental annualised EBITDA

Non-GAAP

8.1

9.9

Total core capital investment in completed schemes

Non-GAAP

19.5

29.3

 

 

 

Return on investment

41.4%

33.8%

 

B.    NET DEBT : EBITDA

 

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Net debt

Group balance sheet

2,017.9

2,118.9

EBITDA

 

 

 

Reported

Cash flow statement

235.8

240.7

Prior year H2

 

245.9

269.7

Annualised EBITDA

 

481.7

510.4

Net debt : EBITDA

 

4.2x

4.2x

 

C.    FREE CASH FLOW

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

Cash flow statement

235.8 

240.7 

Working capital and other movements

Note 7

(25.8)

(43.1)

Add back: exceptional items

Note 7

 3.7 

 22.8 

 

 

213.7 

220.4 

 

 

 

 

Tax payments

Cash flow statement

3.6 

(35.5)

Add back: impact of changes to payment regimes

Non-GAAP

-  

26.0 

 

 

3.6 

(9.5)

 

 

 

 

Interest received

Cash flow statement

0.3 

0.4 

Interest paid

Cash flow statement

(60.4)

(65.6)

Net interest paid - excluding exceptional and non-underlying items

(60.1)

(65.2)

 

 

 

 

Core capex

Note F below

Net repayment / (advance) of free trade loans

Cash flow statement

            0.8 

            1.4 

Equity dividends paid

Cash flow statement

(75.6)

(75.6)

Other non-cash movements

Note 8

1.2 

(0.9)

 

 

 

 

Free cash flow

 

           25.4

           10.6

  

D.    FIXED CHARGE COVER

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Annualised EBITDA

Note B above

481.7 

510.4 

Annualised operating lease rental payments

Non-GAAP

              90.7 

              90.6 

Add back: Annualised off market lease liability and other property provisions utilised

Non-GAAP

 (21.2)

 (20.2)

Annualised non-returning capex - cash

Note F below

(76.9)

(77.7)

 

 

474.3 

503.1 

 

 

 

 

Annualised net interest paid - excluding exceptional items

See below

122.0

133.0

Annualised operating lease rental payments

Non-GAAP

90.7

90.6

 

 

            212.7 

            223.6 

 

Fixed Charge cover

 

 

2.2x 

 

2.3x 

Annualised net interest paid

 

 

 

Reported

Note C above

60.1 

65.2 

Prior year H2

 

61.9 

67.8 

 

 

122.0 

133.0 

 

 

 

 

To remove the impact of the seasonality of the group's business the calculation of fixed charge cover is presented on an annualised basis. 

 

E.     RETURN ON CAPITAL EMPLOYED

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items

 

 

 

H1 - reported

Income statement

        184.6

        188.4

Prior year H2

 

        184.7

        207.8

Annualised operating profit before exceptional and non-underlying items

 

        369.3

        396.2

 

 

 

 

Average capital employed:

 

 

 

Net assets

Group balance sheet

     2,132.0   

     2,020.8   

Add back:

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets

Group balance sheet

(30.3) 

(43.9) 

Deferred tax liabilities

Group balance sheet

             -  

             -  

Post-employment (assets)/ liabilities

Group balance sheet

          (30.4) 

          (11.6) 

Derivatives

Group balance sheet

           204.6  

           308.0  

Net debt

Group balance sheet

        2,017.9 

        2,118.9 

Capital employed

Non-GAAP

        4,293.8 

        4,392.2 

Timing adjustment

Non-GAAP

             76.3  

             19.0  

Average capital employed

Non-GAAP

      4,370.1 

      4,411.2

 

 

 

 

ROCE

 

          8.5% 

          9.0%


The timing adjustment included in the calculation above is the aggregate adjustment required to reconcile closing capital employed at the balance sheet date and the monthly average capital employed calculated throughout the year.

F.     CAPITAL INVESTMENT       

 

Source

H1 2019

H1 2018

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

Non-returning capex1

Non-GAAP

34.8 

37.5 

Development capex

Non-GAAP

23.4 

22.5 

Core capex

Non-GAAP

58.2 

60.0 

Brand optimisation and new site investment

Non-GAAP

24.5 

22.8 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

Cash flow statement

82.7 

82.8 

 

 

 

 

Annualised non-returning capex:

 

 

 

H1

As above

34.8

37.5

Prior year H2

 

42.1

40.2

 

 

76.9

77.7


1 Non-returning capex also referred to as "maintenance capex"

 

G.    PUB COMPANY LIKE-FOR-LIKE (LFL) SALES

H1 2019 CALCULATIONS

Source

2019

2018

YoY%

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported revenue

Note 2

850.3 

837.0 

1.6%

Less: Other non-LFL revenue

Non-GAAP

(52.7)

(60.4)

 

LFL sales

 

797.6 

776.6 

2.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2018 CALCULATIONS

Source

2018

2017

YoY%

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported revenue

Note 2

837.0 

            855.9

-2.2%

Less: Other non-LFL revenue

Non-GAAP

(37.1)

             (44.9)

 

LFL sales

 

799.9 

            811.0

-1.4%

 

Non-LfL revenue includes all machine income and the sales from pubs that have not traded for two full financial years. For pubs disposed of in each of the financial years these amounts include all sales prior to disposal, for new pubs acquired or opened during the two year period these amounts include all post-acquisition sales. 

H.    PUB PARTNERS LIKE-FOR-LIKE (LFL) NET PROFIT        

H1 2019 CALCULATIONS

Source

2019

2018

YoY%

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported profit

Note 2

41.4 

43.6 

-5.0%

Less: Other non-LFL adjustments

Non-GAAP

(2.6)

(4.4)

 

LFL profit

 

38.8 

39.2 

-1.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2018 CALCULATIONS

Source

2018

2017

YoY%

 

 

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported profit

Note 2

43.6 

43.7 

-0.2%

Less: Other non-LFL adjustments

Non-GAAP

(2.4)

(3.1)

 

LFL profit

 

41.2 

40.6 

+1.5%

 

Non-LfL profit adjustments are in respect of pre-disposal net profit from pubs that were disposed of in the current or prior year.

 

 

 

 

 


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