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FORESIGHT SOLAR & INFRASTRUCTURE VCT PLC
Ordinary Shares Fund
|Ordinary Shares||Dividend per share|
|23 November 2018||3.0p|
|27 April 2018||3.0p|
|24 November 2017||3.0p|
|7 April 2017||3.0p|
|18 November 2016||3.0p|
|8 April 2016||3.0p|
|13 November 2015||3.0p|
|10 April 2015||3.0p|
|14 November 2014||3.0p|
|4 April 2014||3.0p|
|25 October 2013||3.0p|
|12 April 2013||2.5p|
|31 October 2012||2.5p|
I am pleased to present the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for Foresight Solar & Infrastructure VCT Plc for the six months ended 31 December 2018, the first period since the completion of the share class merger.
The Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share increased to 97.3p at 31 December 2018, compared to 93.0p per share at 30 June 2018, after deducting the 3.0p per Ordinary Share dividend that was paid on 23 November 2018. The increase in NAV was largely driven by the increase in valuation of the UK portfolio, with production 7.7% above expectations at 34.5 gigawatt hours of electricity, sufficient to power approximately 11,000 UK homes for a year.
The Board also notes that following its long running arbitration case with the Spanish Government with respect to retrospective changes to feed-in-tariffs on its previously held Spanish assets, the VCT has been awarded an amount of £2m-£2.5m, equivalent to 4.6-5.8p per share. However, no such awards against the Spanish Government have, as yet, been settled or collected and there remain significant challenges with respect to collectability. On that basis, the Board has not assigned any current value to the claim in the net asset value reported.
The Board is pleased to announce that the next interim dividend, of 3.0p per Ordinary Share, will be paid on 26 April 2019. This will be based on an ex-dividend date of 11 April 2019 and a record date of 12 April 2019. This will bring the total dividends paid since launch to 41.0p per Ordinary Share, and a total return of 135.3p per Ordinary Share since launch.
The Board intends to pay an annual dividend of 5.0p per Ordinary Share each year, payable bi-annually via interim dividends of 2.5p per Ordinary Share in April and October. Since the launch of the Company, this target has been either achieved or exceeded in all years to date. The level of dividends is not, however, guaranteed.
During the period, existing portfolio companies completed the acquisition of five UK solar assets, Basin Bridge, Stables, Dove View, Beech Farm and Hurcott, adding a total of 25.8MW of capacity to the portfolio.
Existing portfolio companies also committed an amount into ForVEI II, the second joint venture partnership between Foresight and VEI Capital. During the period, ForVEI II successfully completed the acquisition of two plants totalling 1.9MW, each located in Apulia, Italy.
These additions support the Company’s objective of continuing to deliver its target dividends and maximising long-term future returns for Shareholders.
The annual management fee of the Ordinary Shares fund is calculated as 1.5% of Net Assets and equated to £309,000 during the period.
SHARE ISSUES AND BUYBACKS
During the period, 663,597 Ordinary Shares were repurchased for cancellation. No new Shares were issued.
The Board are offering shareholders the opportunity to elect the method by which they receive shareholder communications. Further details of this are included in the letter appended to this report. The Board believes that in addition to further promoting sustainability, a shift towards electronic communications will result in some cost savings.
BOARD COMPOSITION, OUTLOOK & FUTURE FUND-RAISING
The performance of the Ordinary Shares since the fund was launched in 2010, as a result of the solar investments made, is broadly in line with the fund’s original mandate and the Board is pleased with the success of those investments to date. As a result of past legislative and regulatory changes, we can no longer raise new monies to invest in energy generation activities in general or, specifically, new solar investments. Therefore, over the next four years or so, until all Shareholders have reached their minimum 5-year qualifying holding period, the Board and the Manager will seek to optimise the existing portfolio in terms of performance and pay dividends through a combination of income earned and realised gains made, and ultimately seek to offer all Ordinary Share shareholders a final exit at that point.
In the meantime, we will write to shareholders later this year with respect to the opportunity to participate in the next tender offer for shares.
The Board has also been considering the future direction of the VCT and future fundraising opportunities and, in that regard, intends to seek Shareholder approval to raise funds for a new VCT share class for the Company which will invest monies in a number of exciting engineering and technology based companies. Further details about this proposed change will be sent to Shareholders in the coming months.
To that end, the Board was delighted to welcome Ernie Richardson as a Director of the Company. Ernie, who was appointed as a Non-Executive Director of the Company in January this year, has extensive experience in the venture capital industry and previously served as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Partner of MTI Partners Limited.
CHANGE OF ACCOUNTING YEAR END
Following the decision to seek Shareholder approval to raise new funds for the Company, the Board has decided to change the accounting year end of the Company to 31 March 2019 (from 30 June 2019) to better align the Company with the tax year end.
28 March 2019
Investment Manager’s Review
During the six months to 31 December 2018, existing portfolio companies made investments in five operational UK solar assets, with a total capacity of 25.8MW.
The first four solar projects were acquired in August 2018. Basin Bridge Solar and Stables Solar are situated in Leicestershire and have a capacity of 5.0MW and 2.0MW respectively. Dove View and Beech Farm are both in Staffordshire and have a capacity of 4.5MW and 4.3MW respectively.
In November 2018 a further investment was completed, acquiring Hurcott Solar in Somerset, with a total production capacity of 10.0MW.
These five ground-mounted solar projects, which benefit from long-term ROC subsidy payments, were acquired from other funds managed by Foresight and were supported by independent valuations from a third-party valuation expert. Previous Foresight ownership was beneficial in allowing for a more cost-efficient and lower risk acquisition process. Additionally, the assets had been in operation for a minimum period of two years and managed by Foresight Group’s Asset Management team, thereby ensuring the quality of the assets as well as securing a clear advantage in continuing to manage these assets going forwards.
Also in July 2018, existing portfolio companies invested into the ForVEI II platform, which made investments into two ground-mounted solar assets in the Apulia region of southern Italy, which have been operational since 2010, and have a total capacity of 1.9MW. The plants receive long-term subsidies under the Italian Feed-in Tariff regime.
Other existing portfolio companies completed the debt refinancing of the Laurel Hill site in August 2018, provided by Royal Bank of Scotland. The refinancing proceeds have been used to repay the majority of the borrowings originally used to finance the acquisition.
Performance of the assets was positive during the period 1 July 2018 to 31 December 2018 with total electricity production 7.7% above expectations. The UK assets generated a total of 34.5GWh, enough clean electricity to power more than 11,000 homes. This strong performance reflects higher than average irradiation levels and good availability of the solar plants.
There will be variances in performance caused by irradiation or the efficiency of the plants but this does not require adjustment to the long term forecasts. Further details on performance of the individual assets are included on pages 10 to 16.
REGULATORY AND MARKET CHANGES
In December 2018, total installed solar capacity in the UK reached c.13,096MW across c.976,200 installations, an increase of 2.1% (c.268MW) since December 2017. This modest growth was predominantly supported by new domestic rooftop installations and some ground mounted assets in Northern Ireland. This reduction in growth results from the closure of the Renewables Obligation (“RO”) scheme in April 2017. As anticipated, there have been no new large-scale solar assets constructed in the UK following the closure of the RO scheme. We expect this to remain the case in the foreseeable future, with investment activity in the sector focused on secondary market acquisitions of operational assets.
The UK solar market continued to experience a period of consolidation with a significant number of secondary transactions taking place in 2018. The level of activity in the secondary market, associated with the absence of new construction of large-scale solar assets, resulted in increased competition for the acquisition of operational assets.
In November 2018, Ofgem released a consultation on the Targeted Charging Review (“TCR”), which was launched initially in August 2017 as part of a review into residual network charging arrangements. The update included a number of proposed reforms, which would likely result in a reduction in revenues received by UK embedded generation assets which currently benefit from embedded benefits and could also result in an increase in network charges. Whilst the exact nature of the proposed changes is still to be confirmed, if taken forward in their present form they would be phased in from 2021. It should be noted, embedded benefits revenue represents c.2.5% of revenues for the portfolio during the period.
Despite limited growth in the solar market, the UK renewables market has continued to thrive. In September 2018, the capacity of renewable energy overtook that of fossil fuels in the UK for the first time with 41.9GW of generation from wind, solar, biomass and hydropower exceeding the 41.2GW of capacity from coal, gas and oil-fired power generation assets. In the five years to 2018 renewable capacity has tripled while fossil fuel capacity has fallen by a third due to the decommissioning of fossil fuel generators.
At the time of going to print, the outcome of Brexit remains unclear. The Investment Manager does not consider the Company to be particularly sensitive to the various possible scenarios that the UK Government could pursue. The energy market in the UK is closely aligned with European markets and this is not expected to change over the long term. As an example, the draft political declaration made in November 2018 sets out a desire to “consider cooperation on carbon pricing by linking a United Kingdom national greenhouse gas emissions trading system with the EUs Emissions Trading System”.
An exit from the EU would likely cause volatility in the energy markets, that volatility in itself could lead to slightly higher electricity prices in the short term. Longer term impacts such as weaker economic demand and the availability of unskilled labour are not deemed material to the future operations of the Company.
During the period, 57% of revenue from UK portfolio investments came from subsidies (predominantly under the ROC scheme) and other green benefits to an offtaker. These revenues are directly and explicitly linked to inflation for 20 years from the accreditation date under the ROC regime and subject to Retail Price Index (“RPI”) inflationary increases applied by Ofgem in April of each year. The majority of the remaining 43% of revenues derive from electricity sales by our portfolio companies which are subject to wholesale electricity price movements.
The average power price achieved during the period was £55.79 per MWh, representing an increase on the price achieved in the 12 months to 30 June 2018 (£46.77 per MWh.) Electricity spot prices initially increased during the period, reaching a peak of approximately £67/MWh in September due to increasing commodity prices. From September, prices stabilised.
During the period 1 July 2018 to 31 December 2018 there was a 3.4% increase in long term power price forecasts. The Investment Manager uses forward looking power price assumptions to assess the likely future income of the portfolio investments for valuation purposes. The Company’s assumptions are formed from a blended average of the forecasts provided by third party consultants and are updated on a quarterly basis. The Investment Manager’s forecasts continue to assume an increase in power prices in real terms over the medium to long-term of 0.56% per annum (30 June 2018: 1.08%), driven by higher gas and carbon prices.
Power Purchase Agreements (“PPAs”) are entered into between each portfolio company and offtakers in the UK electricity supply market. Under the PPAs, each portfolio company will sell the entirety of the generated electricity and ROCs to the designated offtaker. Under the terms of a PPA, electricity can be supplied at a fixed price for an agreed duration, or at a variable rate.
The PPA strategy adopted by our portfolio companies seeks to optimise their revenues from the power generated, while keeping the flexibility to manage their solar assets appropriately. The Boards of our portfolio companies, with assistance from Foresight, constantly assess conditions in the electricity market and set their pricing strategy on the basis of likely future movements.
As at 31 December 2018, 42% of the UK solar portfolio had fixed power price arrangements in place, offering a premium over the long-term power price forecasts providing good visibility over future revenues. Our portfolio companies retain the option to fix the PPAs of their portfolio assets at any time. Power prices for c.31MW of the UK portfolio capacity have been fixed until 31 December 2019, thereby reducing the exposure to power price volatility. As part of the ongoing efforts by our portfolio companies to maximise the commercial performance of their businesses, a PPA tendering process has been undertaken across all assets, which has seen a significant reduction in fees charged to them by the offtakers.
Sustainability lies at the heart of the Manager’s approach, and the Manager believes that investing responsibly, seeking to make a positive social and environmental impact, is critical to its long-term success. These factors have been integrated into the investment process, and are actively supported by all involved, regardless of seniority.
Over the course of 2018, Foresight has been seeking to refine its sustainability tracking to further improve its investment processes, enhance the sustainability performance of existing assets and demonstrate more comprehensively the environmental benefits and social contribution of the Company’s activities, implementing Foresight Group’s Sustainable Investing in Infrastructure Strategy. This strategy focuses on ensuring all assets are evaluated prior to acquisition and throughout their ownership, in accordance with Foresight Group’s Sustainability Evaluation Criteria.
There are five central themes to the Criteria, which cover the key areas of sustainability.
The five criteria are:
1. Sustainable Development Contribution: The development of affordable and clean energy and improved resource and energy efficiency.
2. Environmental Footprint: Assessing potential environmental impact such as emissions to air, land and water, effects on biodiversity and noise and light pollution
3. Social Engagement: Engagement and consultation with local stakeholders. Ensuring a positive local economic and social impact, community engagement and the health and wellbeing of stakeholders.
4. Governance: Compliance with relevant laws and regulations and ensuring best practice is followed.
5. Third Party Interactions: Third party due diligence is conducted on key counterparties to ensure adherence to the aforementioned criteria where relevant.
Foresight Group remains a working partner of the Solar Trade Association’s Large Scale Asset Management Working Group. Foresight is a signatory to the Solar Farm Land Management Charter and seeks to ensure that the solar farms operated by all of our portfolio companies are managed in a manner that maximises the agricultural, landscaping, biodiversity and wildlife potential, which can also contribute to lowering maintenance costs and enhancing security. As such, Foresight Group regularly inspects sites and advises portfolio companies to develop site specific land management and biodiversity enhancement plans to secure long term gains for wildlife and ensure that the land and environment are maintained to a high standard.
• Management of grassland areas within the security fencing to promote wildflower meadows and sustainable sheep grazing;
• Planting and management of hedgerows and associated hedge banks;
• Management of field boundaries between security fencing and hedgerows;
• Sustainable land drainage and pond restoration;
• Installation of insect hotels and reptile hibernacula;
• Installation of boxes for bats, owls and kestrels; and
• Installation of beehives by local beekeepers.
Most solar parks are designed to enable sheep grazing and the remaining plants are investigated for alterations to ensure that the farmland on which the solar assets are located can remain useful in agricultural production, which is a frequent desire of local communities.
SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
Foresight Group actively seeks to engage with the local communities around the solar assets operated by our portfolio companies and regularly attends parish meetings to encourage community engagement and promote the benefits of their solar assets.
HEALTH AND SAFETY
There were no reportable health and safety incidents during the period.
Safety, Health, Environment and Quality (“SHEQ”) performance and risk management are a top priority at all levels for Foresight Group. To further improve the management of SHEQ risks, reinforce best practice and ensure non-compliance with regulations is avoided, Foresight Group has appointed an independent health and safety consultant who regularly visits the portfolio assets operated by our portfolio companies to ensure they not only meet, but exceed, industry and legal standards. The consultant has confirmed that all sites are in compliance with applicable regulations. Recommendations have been implemented to help raise standards further, including improvements to security arrangements for two of the plants.
It has been another positive period for the Company with a number of attractive acquisitions completed by portfolio companies and strong performance from both new and existing assets. Plant optimisation will continue to be a core objective both from an operational perspective and in respect of their ability to support a sustainable level of debt to enhance returns to the fund. During 2019, the Company will focus on embedding the recently acquired UK and Italian assets and continuing to deliver strong operational performance across the portfolio.
Foresight Group CI Limited
28 March 2019
Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report and Responsibilities Statements
Principal Risks and Uncertainties
The principal risks faced by the Company can be divided into various areas as follows:
The Board reported on the principal risks and uncertainties faced by the Company in the Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 30 June 2018. A detailed explanation can be on found on page 20 of the Annual Report and Accounts which is available on Foresight Group’s website www.foresightgroup.eu or by writing to Foresight Group at The Shard, 32 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9SG.
In the view of the Board, there have been no changes to the fundamental nature of these risks since the previous report and these principal risks and uncertainties are equally applicable to the remaining six months of the financial year as they were to the six months under review.
Directors' Responsibility Statement
The Disclosure and Transparency Rules (‘DTR’) of the UK Listing Authority require the Directors to confirm their responsibilities in relation to the preparation and publication of the Unaudited Half- Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 31 December 2018.
The Directors confirm to the best of their knowledge that:
(a) the summarised set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with FRS 104;
(b) the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 31 December 2018 includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months of the year and a description of principal risks and uncertainties that the Company faces for the remaining six months of the year);
(c) the summarised set of financial statements give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss of the Company as required by DTR 4.2.4R; and
(d) the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R (disclosure of related parties’ transactions and changes therein).
The Company’s business activities, together with the factors likely to affect its future development, performance and position are set out in the Strategic Report in the 30 June 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. The financial position of the Company, its cash flows, liquidity position and borrowing facilities are described in the Chairman’s Statement, Strategic Report and Notes to the Accounts of the 30 June 2018 Annual Report and Accounts. In addition, the Annual Report and Accounts includes the Company’s objectives, policies and processes for managing its capital; its financial risk management objectives; details of its financial instruments and hedging activities; and its exposures to credit risk and liquidity risk. The Company has considerable financial resources together with investments and income generated therefrom, which benefit from Renewable Obligation Certificates guaranteed by the UK Government. As a consequence, the Directors believe that the Company is well placed to manage its business risks successfully despite the current uncertain economic outlook.
Cash flow projections have been reviewed and show that the Company has sufficient funds to meet both its contracted expenditure and its discretionary cash outflows in the form of the share buy-back programme and dividend policy. The Company has no external loan finance in place and therefore is not exposed to any gearing covenants.
The Directors have reasonable expectation that the Company has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Thus they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the annual financial statements.
The Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 31 December 2018 has not been audited or reviewed by the auditors.
On behalf of the Board
28 March 2019
Unaudited Income Statement for the six months ended 31 December 2018
|Six months ended |
31 December 2018
|Six months ended |
31 December 2017*
|Year ended |
30 June 2018
|Investment holding gains||—||3,794||3,794||—||2,808||2,808||—||835||835|
|Realised losses on investments||—||(197)||(197)||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Investment management fees||(77)||(232)||(309)||(88)||(496)||(584)||(173)||(649)||(822)|
|Loan interest payable||(208)||—||(208)||(200)||—||(200)||(371)||—||(371)|
|(Loss)/profit on ordinary activities before taxation||(152)||3,365||3,213||(213)||2,312||2,099||352||186||538|
|(Loss)/profit on ordinary activities after taxation||(152)||3,365||3,213||(213)||2,312||2,099||352||186||538|
|(Loss)/profit per share:|
*Company Income Statement includes C and D Shares.
The total column of this statement is the profit and loss account of the Company and the revenue and capital columns represent supplementary information.
All revenue and capital items in the above Income Statement are derived from continuing operations. No operations were acquired or discontinued in the period.
The Company has no recognised gains or losses other than those shown above, therefore no separate statement of total recognised gains and losses has been presented.
Unaudited Balance Sheet at 31 December 2018
|As at |
31 December 2018 (unaudited)
|As at |
31 December 2017* (unaudited)
|As at |
30 June 2018 (audited)
|Investments held at fair value through profit or loss||56,949||55,697||53,352|
|Money market securities and other deposits||9||9||9|
|Amounts falling due within one year||(2,898)||(2,120)||(2,852)|
|Net current assets||152||2,817||2,466|
|Amounts falling due greater than one year||(15,000)||(15,000)||(15,000)|
|Capital and reserves|
|Called-up share capital||432||451||439|
|Capital redemption reserve||122||115||115|
|Profit and loss account||34,510||35,898||33,214|
|Equity shareholders' funds||42,101||43,514||40,818|
|Net asset value per share|
*Company Balance Sheet includes C and D Shares.
Unaudited Reconciliation of Movements in Shareholders' Funds for the six months ended 31 December 2018
|Called-up share capital||Share premium account||Capital redemption reserve||Profit and loss account||Total|
|As at 1 July 2018||439||7,050||115||33,214||40,818|
|Expenses in relation to prior year share issues||—||(13)||—||—||(13)|
|Repurchase of shares||(7)||—||7||(613)||(613)|
|Return for the period||—||—||—||3,213||3,213|
|As at 31 December 2018||432||7,037||122||34,510||42,101|
Unaudited Cash Flow Statement for the six months ended 31 December 2018
|Six months ended |
31 December 2018 (unaudited) £’000
|Six months ended |
31 December 2017
|Cash flow from operating activities|
|Deposit and similar interest received||6||2||8|
|Investment management fees paid||(301)||(462)||(791)|
|Performance incentive fee paid||(131)||—||—|
|Secretarial fees paid||(66)||(177)||(269)|
|Other cash (payments)/receipts||(538)||(513)||107|
|Net cash outflow from operating activities||(1,030)||(1,150)||(945)|
|Cash flow from investing activities|
|Purchase of investments||—||(149)||(97)|
|Net proceeds on sale of investments||—||1,012||1,332|
|Investment income received||—||484||1,515|
|Net cash inflow from investing activities||—||1,347||2,750|
|Cash flow from financing activities|
|Expenses of fund raising||(13)||(67)||(80)|
|Repurchase of own shares||(404)||(78)||(322)|
|Equity dividends paid||(1,304)||(1,130)||(2,253)|
|Net cash outflow from financing activities||(1,721)||(1,275)||(2,655)|
|Net outflow of cash in the period||(2,751)||(1,078)||(850)|
|Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in net funds|
|Decrease in cash for the period||(2,751)||(1,078)||(850)|
|Net cash at start of period||4,853||5,703||5,703|
|Net cash at end of period||2,102||4,625||4,853|
|Analysis of changes in net debt|
|At 1 |
|At 31 |
|Cash and cash equivalents*||4,853||(2,751)||2,102|
* Including money market securities and other deposits
Notes to the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 31 December 2018
1 The Unaudited Half-Yearly results have been prepared on the basis of accounting policies set out in the statutory accounts of the Company for the year ended 30 June 2018. Unquoted investments have been valued in accordance with International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation guidelines.
2 These are not statutory accounts in accordance with S436 of the Companies Act 2006 and the financial information for the six months ended 31 December 2018 and 31 December 2017 has been neither audited nor reviewed. Statutory accounts in respect of the year to 30 June 2018 have been audited and reported on by the Company’s auditor and delivered to the Registrar of Companies and included the report of the auditor which was unqualified and did not contain a statement under S498(2) or S498(3) of the Companies Act 2006. No statutory accounts in respect of any period after 30 June 2018 have been reported on by the Company’s auditor or delivered to the Registrar of Companies.
3 Copies of the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 31 December 2018 have been sent to shareholders and are available for inspection at the Registered Office of the Company at The Shard, 32 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9SG. Copies are also available electronically at www.foresightgroup.eu.
4 Net asset value per share
The net asset value per share is based on net assets attributable to the Ordinary Shares fund at the end of the period and on the number of Ordinary Shares in issue at that date.
|Net assets £’000||Number of Shares in issue|
|31 December 2018||42,101||43,247,592|
|31 December 2017||26,929||27,026,216|
|30 June 2018||40,818||43,911,189|
5 Return per share
The weighted average number of shares for the Ordinary Shares fund used to calculate the respective returns are shown in the table below:
|Number of Shares|
|Six months ended 31 December 2018||43,474,464|
|Six months ended 31 December 2017||27,324,838*|
|Year ended 30 June 2018||45,273,865|
* Note the weighted average number of shares have not been adjusted to take account of the O, C and D share class merger on 29 June 2018.
|Six months ended 31 December 2018 (unaudited)|
|Six months ended 31 December 2017 (unaudited)|
|Year ended 30 June 2018 (audited) |
|Loan stock interest||362||300||572|
7 Investments held at fair value through profit or loss
|Book cost as at 1 July 2018||31,444|
|Investment holding gains||21,908|
|Valuation at 1 July 2018||53,352|
|Movements in the period:|
|Purchases at cost||–|
|Investment holding gains||3,794|
|Valuation at 31 December 2018||56,949|
|Book cost at 31 December 2018||31,247|
|Investment holding gains||25,702|
|Valuation at 31 December 2018||56,949|
*Realised losses at cost represents the removal of legal costs incurred in relation to the disposal of the FiT assets and refinancing of Turweston assets.
8 Transactions with the manager
Details of arrangements of the Company with the Manager are given in the Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended 30 June 2018, in the Directors’ Report and Notes 3 and 13. All arrangements and transactions were on an arms length basis.
The Company’s Investment Manager earned fees of £309,000 in the six months ended 31 December 2018 (31 December 2017: £350,000; 30 June 2018: £692,000). At the period end date, management fees due to the Manager amounted to £6,000 (31 December 2017: £19,000 due from the manager; 30 June 2018: £2,000 due from the Manager). The Manager also earned performance incentive fees of £nil during the period (31 December 2017: £234,000; 30 June 2018: £130,000). The amount accrued in respect of performance incentive fees as at 30 June 2018 was paid to the Manager during the period.
Foresight Group LLP, to whom the Manager delegated the function of Company Secretary from November 2017, earned fees amounting to £64,000 in the six months ended 31 December 2018 (31 December 2017: £nil; 30 June 2018: £102,000), of which £nil remained payable at the period end date (31 December 2017: £nil; 30 June 2018: £2,000).
Foresight Fund Managers Limited, the delegated Company Secretary until November 2017, earned fees of £nil during the period (31 December 2017: £99,000; 30 June 2018: £100,000). No amounts were due to Foresight Fund Managers Limited at the period end date (31 December 2017: £16,000 due from Foresight Fund Managers Limited; 30 June 2018: £nil).
The Manager recharged fund expenses incurred on behalf of the Company of which £18,000 (31 December 2017: £127,000; 30 June 2018: £158,000) remained payable at the year end date.
9 Related party transactions
There were no related party transactions in the period.
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