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RNS
Diageo PLC   -  DGE   

Half-year Report

Released 07:00 31-Jan-2019

RNS Number : 5999O
Diageo PLC
31 January 2019
 

 

 

Interim results, six months ended 31 December 2018

31 January 2019

 

 

 

Delivering our strategy through strong consistent performance

 

   Reported net sales (£6.9 billion) was up 5.8% with organic growth partially offset by unfavourable exchange. Reported operating profit (£2.4 billion) was up 11.0%, driven by organic growth

 

     All regions contributed to broad based organic net sales growth, up 7.5%, with organic volume up 3.5%

 

     Organic operating profit grew 12.3%, ahead of top line growth, as cost inflation and higher marketing investment were more than offset by improved price/mix and efficiencies from our productivity programme

 

     Cash flow continued to be strong, with net cash from operating activities at £1.6 billion, up £356 million and free cash flow at £1.3 billion, up £317 million

 

    Basic eps of 80.9 pence was down by (1.6)%. Pre-exceptional eps was 77.0 pence, up 13.6%, driven by higher operating profit and lower finance charges, which more than offset an increased tax charge largely as a result of lapping the positive impact of US tax reform in the prior period

 

     The interim dividend increased 5% to 26.1 pence per share

 

See Explanatory Notes for explanation of the use of non-GAAP measures.

 

 

Ivan Menezes, Chief Executive, commenting on the results said:

 

 

"Diageo delivered broad-based volume and organic net sales growth across regions and categories. We continue to expand organic operating margins while increasing investment in our brands ahead of organic net sales growth.

 

These results are further evidence of the changes we have made in Diageo to put the consumer at the heart of our business, to embed productivity and to act with agility to enable us to win sustainably. 

 

At £1.3 billion, we delivered another period of strong free cash flow. As a result the board approved an incremental share buyback of £660 million, bringing the total programme up to £3.0 billion for the year ending 30 June 2019.

 

This half has benefitted from some one-time and phasing gains in both organic net sales and operating profit, and therefore we continue to expect to deliver mid-single digit organic net sales growth for the year and to expand operating margins in line with our previous guidance of 175 bps for the three years ending 30 June 2019.

 

As we deploy our strategy, we remain focused on building the long-term health of our brands and ensuring we grow our business in a consistent and sustainable way."

 

 

Key financial information

Six months ended 31 December 2018

Summary financial information

 

 

 

F19 H1

F18 H1

Organic
growth
%

Reported growth
%

Volume

EUm

130.5

 

126.4

 

4

 

3

 

Net sales

£ million

6,908

 

6,530

 

7

 

6

 

Marketing

£ million

1,054

 

968

 

9

 

9

 

Operating profit before exceptional items

£ million

2,451

 

2,190

 

12

 

12

 

Exceptional operating items(i)

£ million

(21

)

-

 

 

 

Operating profit

£ million

2,430

 

2,190

 

 

11

 

Share of associate and joint venture profit after tax

£ million

179

 

168

 

 

7

 

Exceptional non-operating gain(i)

£ million

146

 

-

 

 

 

Net finance charges

£ million

(128

)

(154

)

 

 

Exceptional taxation (charge)/credit(i)

£ million

(30

)

360

 

 

 

Tax rate including exceptional items

%

21.3

 

3.5

 

 

509

 

Tax rate before exceptional items

%

21.2

 

19.8

 

 

7

 

Profit attributable to parent company's shareholders

£ million

1,976

 

2,058

 

 

(4

)

Basic earnings per share

pence

80.9

 

82.2

 

 

(2

)

Earnings per share before exceptional items

pence

77.0

 

67.8

 

 

14

 

Interim dividend

pence

26.1

 

24.9

 

 

5

 

(i)   For further details of exceptional items see Additional Financial Information (c) Exceptional items.

 

Outlook for exchange 

Using exchange rates £1 = $1.32; £1 = €1.16, the exchange rate movement for the year ending 30 June 2019 is estimated to adversely impact net sales by approximately £80 million and operating profit by approximately £10 million.

 

Outlook for tax 

The tax rate before exceptional items for the six months ended 31 December 2018 was 21.2% compared with 19.8% in the prior comparable period. Our current expectation is that the tax rate before exceptional items for the year ending 30 June 2019 will be in the range of 21% to 22%, which reflects changing business mix and the increased levels of uncertainty in the current tax environment for most multinationals. For further details on taxation see Additional Financial Information (d) Taxation.

 

Share buyback programme

On 26 July 2018 the Board approved a share buyback programme to return up to £2.0 billion to shareholders during the year ending 30 June 2019. On 20 December 2018 Diageo completed the sale of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac. The net proceeds of approximately £340 million, after corporate tax and transaction costs, will be returned to shareholders through a share buyback programme, which brought the total programme to £2.34 billion.

 

On 30 January 2019 the board approved a further incremental share buyback programme of £660 million, bringing the total programme to up to £3.0 billion for the year ending 30 June 2019.

 

In the six months ended 31 December 2018, 46.5 million shares were repurchased for an aggregate consideration of £1.275 billion. 

 

Acquisitions and disposals 

The impact of acquisitions and disposals on the reported figures was primarily attributable to the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac which was completed on 20 December 2018 and to the prior year acquisition of the Casamigos brand.

 

For further details on the impact of acquisitions and disposals see Explanatory Notes.)

Net sales (£ million)

Reported net sales were up 5.8% with organic growth partially offset by unfavourable exchange

Organic net sales grew 7.5% driven by volume up 3.5% and positive price/mix up 4.0%

(i

 

Net sales

£ million

F18 H1

6,530

 

Exchange(i)

(91

)

Acquisitions and disposals

(7

)

Volume

224

 

Price/mix

252

 

F19 H1

6,908

 

 

(i)   Exchange rate movements reflect the translation of prior year reported results at current year exchange rates.

 

Reported net sales grew 5.8%, driven by organic growth which was partially offset by unfavourable exchange and acquisitions and disposals.

 

Organic volume growth of 3.5% and 4.0% positive price/mix drove 7.5% organic net sales growth. All regions reported organic net sales growth. 

Operating profit (£ million)

Reported operating profit grew 11.0%

Organic operating profit grew 12.3%

 

Operating profit

£ million

F18 H1

2,190

 

Exceptional operating items

(21

)

Exchange

-

 

Acquisitions and disposals

(3

)

Organic movement

264

 

F19 H1

2,430

 

 

Reported operating profit was up 11.0% with organic growth partially offset by exceptional operating items and acquisitions and disposals. Organic operating profit grew ahead of net sales at 12.3%.

 

 

Operating margin (%)

Reported operating margin increased 164bps

Organic operating margin increased 152 bps

Operating margin

ppt

F18 H1

33.5

 

Exceptional operating items

(0.30

)

Exchange

0.47

 

Acquisitions and disposals

(0.05

)

Gross margin

0.50

 

Marketing

(0.26

)

Other operating expenses

1.28

 

F19 H1

35.2

 

 

Reported operating margin increased 164bps driven by organic operating margin improvement and the positive impact on operating margin due to exchange, as a result of the higher negative impact of exchange on net sales relative to operating profit.  Organic operating margin improved 152bps driven by improved price/mix and efficiencies from our productivity programme partially offset by higher marketing spend.

 

Basic earnings per share (pence)

Basic eps decreased 1.6% from 82.2 pence to 80.9 pence

Eps before exceptional items increased 13.6% from 67.8 pence to 77.0 pence

(i

Basic earnings per share

pence

F18 H1

82.2

 

Exceptional items after tax

(10.5

)

Exchange on operating profit

0.1

 

Acquisitions and disposals

(0.1

)

Organic operating profit growth(i)

10.4

 

Associates and joint ventures

0.4

 

Net finance charges

2.2

 

Tax

(4.0

)

Share buyback

1.1

 

Non-controlling interests

(0.9

)

F19 H1

80.9

 

 

(i)   Excluding exchange

 

Basic eps declined 1.3 pence largely due to lapping the benefit of an exceptional tax credit in the prior period following the tax reduction in the United States under the US Tax Cut and Jobs Act.

 

Eps before exceptional items increased 9.2 pence as organic operating profit growth and lower finance charges more than offset the higher tax charge.

 

 

Free cash flow (£ million)

Net cash from operating activities(i) was £1,604 million, an increase of £356 million compared to the same period last year. Free cash flow was £1,346 million, an increase of £317 million

Free cash flow

£ million

F18 H1

1,029

 

Exchange(ii)

-

 

Operating profit(iii)

283

 

Working capital(iv)

(126

)

Capex

(57

)

Tax

179

 

Interest

23

 

Other(v)

15

 

F19 H1

1,346

 

 

(i)     Net cash from operating activities excludes net capex, movements in loans and other investments (2018 - (£258) million; 2017 - (£219) million).  

(ii)    Exchange on operating profit before exceptional items. 

(iii)    Operating profit excludes exchange, depreciation and amortisation, post employment charges and non-cash items. 

(iv)   Working capital movement includes maturing inventory. 

(v)   Other items include post employment payments, dividends received from associates and joint ventures, and movements in loans and other investments.

 

 

Free cash flow continued to be strong at £1.3 billion largely driven by operating profit growth and lower tax payments  which benefitted from the lapping of the one-off payment made to the UK tax authorities in August 2017. This increase was partially offset by a higher year on year working capital outflow, including increased investment in maturing inventory, and increased capex.

 

The operating working capital position, excluding maturing inventory, on the balance sheet improved in the half compared to the same period last year, largely as a result of higher creditors.

Returnon average invested capital (%)(i)

ROIC improved 135bps

 

Return on average invested capital

ppt

F18 H1

16.5

 

Exchange

0.19

 

Acquisitions and disposals

(0.16

)

Organic operating profit growth

2.38

 

Associates and joint ventures

(0.03

)

Tax

(0.68

)

Other

(0.35

)

F19 H1

17.8

 

 

(i)   ROIC calculation excludes exceptional items.

 

ROIC increased 135bps largely driven by organic operating profit growth which was partially offset by the impact from higher tax charges, acquisitions and disposals and associates and joint ventures.  

 

 

Reported growth by region

 

 

Volume

Net sales

Marketing

Operating profit(i)

 

%

EUm

%

£ million

%

£ million

%

£ million

North America

2

 

0.4

 

8

 

173

 

13

 

45

 

7

 

74

 

Europe and Turkey

2

 

0.5

 

2

 

34

 

6

 

14

 

3

 

15

 

Africa

1

 

0.2

 

6

 

47

 

10

 

8

 

28

 

33

 

Latin America and Caribbean

(1

)

(0.1

)

4

 

23

 

1

 

1

 

17

 

36

 

Asia Pacific

7

 

3.1

 

8

 

100

 

11

 

20

 

29

 

93

 

Corporate

-

 

-

 

4

 

1

 

(50

)

(2

)

11

 

10

 

Diageo

3

 

4.1

 

6

 

378

 

9

 

86

 

12

 

261

 

 

 

Organic growth by region

 

 

Volume

Net sales

Marketing

Operating profit(i)

 

%

EUm

%

£ million

%

£ million

%

£ million

North America

3

 

0.6

 

6

 

130

 

10

 

36

 

4

 

36

 

Europe and Turkey

1

 

0.3

 

5

 

83

 

9

 

21

 

5

 

31

 

Africa

1

 

0.2

 

6

 

49

 

6

 

5

 

30

 

35

 

Latin America and Caribbean

(1

)

(0.1

)

9

 

57

 

6

 

6

 

21

 

44

 

Asia Pacific

7

 

3.4

 

13

 

156

 

13

 

24

 

35

 

106

 

Corporate

-

 

-

 

4

 

1

 

(50

)

(2

)

13

 

12

 

Diageo

4

 

4.4

 

7

 

476

 

9

 

90

 

12

 

264

 

(i) Before operating exceptional items.  

Notes to the business and financial review

 

Unless otherwise stated:   
 

•     commentary below refers to organic movements

•     volume is in millions of equivalent units (EUm)

•     net sales are sales after deducting excise duties

•     percentage movements are organic movements

•     share refers to value share

 

See Explanatory Notes for explanation of the calculation and use of non-GAAP measures.

 

 

BUSINESS REVIEW

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

North America

 

North America delivered net sales growth of 6%, with growth across all markets. The disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac, that was completed on 20 December 2018, positively impacted net sales growth of the region by 78bps. In US Spirits, net sales increased 5%, with overall share trends improving. Net sales in Crown Royal increased 4%, largely driven by Regal Apple and the limited time offer Salted Caramel. Bulleit net sales were up 7% and continued to gain share in US whiskey. Scotch grew 10% with broad based growth across brands and share gains in the category. Vodka net sales were flat, an improvement versus last year, as the successful launch of Ketel One Botanical more than offset net sales decline in Smirnoff and Cîroc vodka. Captain Morgan net sales declined 9% and lost share in a declining category. In tequila, both Don Julio and Casamigos delivered strong double digit growth and gained share in the category.  Diageo Beer Company USA net sales grew 13% largely driven by growth in ready to drink, as a result of successful prior year innovation launches.  Performance in beer also improved. Net sales in Canada increased 5% as the spirits business lapped a weaker comparative in the same period last year and with good growth in ready to drink.  Operating margin declined 112bps largely driven by gross margin decline as a result of negative market mix within the region, higher commodity and logistics costs and up-weighted marketing investment in US Spirits, with productivity efficiencies being reinvested in the business.

 

Key financials £ million:

 

 

F18 H1

FX

Reclassifi-cation(i)

Acquisitions
and
disposals

Organic movement

F19 H1

Reported movement
%

Net sales

 

2,183

 

44

 

1

 

(2

)

130

 

2,356

 

8

 

Marketing

 

338

 

10

 

(1

)

-

 

36

 

383

 

13

 

Operating profit

 

1,027

 

39

 

1

 

(2

)

36

 

1,101

 

7

 

(i)   Reclassification comprises a reallocation of the results of Travel Retail to the geographical regions.

Markets:

 

 

 

 

 

Global giants, local stars and reserve(i):

 

Organic
volume
movement

Reported
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

 

Organic
volume
movement(ii)

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

%

%

%

North America

3

 

2

 

6

 

8

 

 

Crown Royal

5

 

4

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smirnoff

-

 

(1

)

-

 

US Spirits

1

 

-

 

5

 

7

 

 

Captain Morgan

(6

)

(7

)

(6

)

DBC USA

10

 

10

 

13

 

15

 

 

Johnnie Walker

9

 

10

 

12

 

Canada

5

 

5

 

5

 

3

 

 

Ketel One(iii)

19

 

22

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cîroc vodka

(11

)

(14

)

(11

)

Spirits

2

 

1

 

5

 

7

 

 

Baileys

3

 

4

 

5

 

Beer

(1

)

(1

)

1

 

3

 

 

Guinness

(1

)

2

 

4

 

Ready to drink

23

 

23

 

22

 

24

 

 

Tanqueray

(2

)

(5

)

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Don Julio

22

 

28

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulleit

10

 

7

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buchanan's

12

 

7

 

9

 

(i)     Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)   Organic equals reported volume movement except for Johnnie Walker 8%, Cîroc vodka (12%), Baileys 2% and Tanqueray (3%), largely due to the reallocation of the results of Travel Retail.

(iii)   Ketel One includes Ketel One vodka and Ketel One Botanical.

 

•     Net sales in US Spirits were up 5%, broadly in line with depletions. The net sales growth benefitted from the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac that was completed on 20 December 2018. Crown Royal net sales were up 4% and gained share in its category. Growth was largely driven by Regal Apple and the limited time offer Salted Caramel, which more than offset a net sales decline in Crown Royal Deluxe which lapped strong growth in the prior year.  Net sales in Bulleit were up 7% as the brand benefitted from the scaled up "frontier work" platform.  In scotch, share gains were achieved by Johnnie Walker, Buchanan's and the portfolio of scotch malts. Johnnie Walker net sales increased 9% largely driven by the successful launch of "White Walker by Johnnie Walker" inspired by the TV series Game of Thrones. In vodka, net sales were flat, an improvement, having declined 8% in the prior year. Ketel One vodka net sales were up 22% as the trademark benefitted from the successful launch of Ketel One Botanical, and offset declines in Smirnoff and Cîroc vodka. Smirnoff net sales declined 2% but brand equity scores improved through focus on its quality credentials at a great price and the introduction of the new "Fun Percent" campaign platform which highlights Smirnoff's unique view point of the world through "You Don't Need a Lot to Have a Good Time". Captain Morgan net sales declined 9% as the brand was impacted by a strong comparative in the prior year and category decline. Baileys grew 4% and gained category share as it continued to focus on reminding consumers of its indulgent treat year-round positioning. In tequila, Don Julio and Casamigos grew strong double digit and gained share in the period within the tequila category.

•     DBC USA net sales increased 13% with good performance in both ready to drink and beer. Ready to drink net sales increased 24%, as the business continued to benefit from the success of Smirnoff Spiked Seltzer and Smirnoff Ice Smashed roll out, as well as growth in core Smirnoff Ice. In beer, net sales were up 2% driven by Guinness, with the brand expanding consumption occasions at home and in craft bars and benefitting from the successful opening of its Open Gate Brewery and Barrel House in Maryland.

•     Net sales in Canada grew 5%, driven by growth in ready to drink and spirits. In ready to drink, growth was driven by Smirnoff Ice which benefitted from packaging renovation and the launch of new flavours. Spirits net sales were up 4% with broad based growth across all categories, as the business also benefitted from a weak comparative in the prior year. 

•     Marketing grew 10% with an up-weight in investment to continue to strengthen brand equity and deliver sustainable growth in the medium term.

 

 

Europe and Turkey

 

Europe and Turkey delivered 5% net sales growth, reflecting another half year of consistent performance in Europe where net sales were up 5% with double digit growth in Turkey. Europe growth was driven by Great Britain, Ireland and Continental Europe. Strong growth in gin continued with Tanqueray and Gordon's growing double digit. Western Europe gained over 600bps of market share in gin. Both Gordon's and Tanqueray continued to benefit from strong growth across their core and innovation variants. Beer was up 4% driven by strong performance from Guinness Draught, continued growth of Hop House 13 Lager and the successful launch of Rockshore lager in Ireland. Scotch net sales were down 1% as innovation led growth in Johnnie Walker was more than offset by the weaker performance of JεB and scotch malts. Smirnoff net sales grew 1% driven by growth in Great Britain and Ireland partially offset by a decline in Continental Europe. Ready to drink grew 28% driven by strong growth across the Gordon's premix range. In Turkey, net sales were up 10% driven by inflation and excise led price increases. The operating margin remained flat as positive price/mix and productivity savings were offset by up-weighted marketing investment, as well as inflationary pressure, especially in Turkey. 

Key financials £ million:

 

F18 H1

FX

Reclassifi-cation(i)

Acquisitions
and
disposals

Organic movement

F19 H1

Reported movement
%

Net sales

1,599

 

(60

)

12

 

(1

)

83

 

1,633

 

2

 

Marketing

246

 

(7

)

-

 

-

 

21

 

260

 

6

 

Operating profit

599

 

(25

)

9

 

-

 

31

 

614

 

3

 

(i)   Reclassification comprises a reallocation of the results of Travel Retail to the geographical regions.

 

Markets:

 

 

 

 

 

Global giants and local stars(i):

 

Organic
volume
movement

Reported
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

 

Organic
volume
movement
(ii)

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

%

%

%

Europe and Turkey

 

 

 

 

 

Guinness

3

 

3

 

3

 

1

 

2

 

5

 

2

 

 

Johnnie Walker

(2

)

3

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smirnoff

-

 

1

 

1

 

Europe

4

 

4

 

5

 

4

 

 

Baileys

(3

)

-

 

(1

)

Turkey

(11

)

(12

)

10

 

(25

)

 

Yenì Raki

(17

)

5

 

(29

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Captain Morgan

2

 

(1

)

(3

)

Spirits

1

 

1

 

4

 

-

 

 

JεB

(9

)

(9

)

(9

)

Beer

5

 

5

 

4

 

4

 

 

Tanqueray

25

 

34

 

33

 

Ready to drink

24

 

23

 

28

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

(i)   Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)  Organic equals reported volume movement except for Johnnie Walker 1%, Captain Morgan 1%, JεB (8%) and Tanqueray 24% largely due to the reallocation of the results of Travel Retail.

 

•     In Europe, net sales were up 5%:

    In Great Britain, net sales grew 14%. Gordon's and Tanqueray both delivered strong double digit growth. Diageo gained almost 700bps of share in an expanding gin category. Guinness net sales grew 6% and gained 14bps of market share, driven by a strong performance for Hop House 13 Lager. Scotch net sales were flat as growth in Johnnie Walker and Bell's was offset by an increasingly competitive environment in scotch malts. Johnnie Walker grew 6% partially driven by the launch of "White Walker by Johnnie Walker". Smirnoff returned to growth with a 4% increase. Baileys net sales declined 5% driven by shipment phasing, but gained share in the category.

     Ireland grew net sales 5%. Beer grew net sales 3% driven by the launch of Rockshore lager and the continued growth of Hop House 13 Lager, partially offset by a 3% decline in Guinness Draught. In spirits net sales grew double digit largely driven by Gordon's and Baileys.

     In Continental Europe, net sales were up 1%:

    Iberia net sales grew 1%. Growth was driven by strong performance in Tanqueray, Baileys and Gordon's. Scotch declined 3% as growth in Cardhu and Johnnie Walker was offset by declines in JεB. In Spain market share in scotch was broadly flat, as the category continued to decline.

    In Central Europe, net sales declined 6% largely driven by volume declines in Germany following recent pricing actions.

     In Northern Europe net sales were up 10% driven by growth across both Benelux and the Nordics.

    In Mediterranean Hub, net sales were down by 5% lapping a strong comparative performance in the prior period.

     Europe Partner Markets grew net sales 6% driven by strong Guinness performance and continued growth in Johnnie Walker.

•     Russia net sales grew 2%. Growth was largely driven by scotch.

•    France net sales declined 1% due to a decline in JεB and Johnnie Walker, partially offset by double digit growth in Captain Morgan.

•    In Turkey, net sales grew 10% reflecting the impact of price taken in response to increases in excise duties and inflation. Growth was largely driven by Yenì Raki which grew net sales by 6% and scotch which grew double digit, led by strong growth in Johnnie Walker.

•     Marketing investment increased 9% focused on the most significant growth opportunities.

 

Africa

 

Africa net sales grew 6% with growth in East Africa, Africa Regional Markets and South Africa partially offset by a decline in Nigeria. In East Africa net sales grew 13% lapping prior year weakness following the presidential election in Kenya. Across Africa, beer net sales were up 5% with strong growth in Serengeti Lite in Tanzania and Senator Keg in Kenya. Guinness and Malta Guinness grew 5% and 10%, respectively across all key markets. Spirits delivered double digit net sales growth largely driven by Smirnoff 1818 and Tanqueray in South Africa, and Chrome Vodka in Kenya. Scotch has returned to growth at 1% driven by strong growth across East Africa, Africa Regional Markets and Nigeria, partially offset by declines in South Africa as a result of category weakness.  Operating margin improved by 336bps driven by improved price/mix and the continued benefit from productivity initiatives more than offsetting cost inflation.

 

Key financials £ million:

 

F18 H1

FX

Acquisitions
and
disposals

Organic movement

F19 H1

Reported movement
%

Net sales

774

 

(1

)

(1

)

49

 

821

 

6

 

Marketing

83

 

3

 

-

 

5

 

91

 

10

 

Operating profit

120

 

(2

)

-

 

35

 

153

 

28

 

 

Markets:

 

 

 

 

 

Global giants and local stars(i):

 

Organic
volume
movement

Reported
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

 

Organic
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

%

%

%

Africa

1

 

1

 

6

 

6

 

 

Guinness

3

 

5

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Johnnie Walker

(8

)

(1

)

(1

)

East Africa

13

 

13

 

13

 

16

 

 

Smirnoff

2

 

14

 

12

 

Africa Regional Markets(ii)

(4

)

4

 

6

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria

(13

)

(13

)

(4

)

(3

)

 

Other beer:

South Africa(ii)

-

 

(10

)

4

 

(8

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta Guinness

4

 

10

 

7

 

Spirits

5

 

5

 

11

 

9

 

 

Tusker

(8

)

(3

)

(1

)

Beer

1

 

1

 

5

 

7

 

 

Senator

20

 

23

 

27

 

Ready to drink

(1

)

(1

)

7

 

6

 

 

Serengeti

59

 

65

 

65

 

(i)     Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)    In the six months ended 31 December 2018 the following countries, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, St Helena and Malawi, moved on a management basis from South Africa to Africa Regional Markets. This reallocation has been reflected in the organic reporting.

 

•    In East Africa, net sales grew by 13%. Kenya benefitted from lapping prior year weakness driven by political uncertainty following the presidential election and Tanzania continued to grow double digit. Beer grew 12% led by continued strong growth in Serengeti Lite in Tanzania and a return to growth of Senator Keg in Kenya. Guinness grew by 3%. Mainstream spirits continued to grow strong double digit.

•     In Africa Regional Markets, net sales increased by 6% with growth in Ghana and a return to growth in Cameroon as it lapped prior year challenges in the distributor network. Beer grew 6% driven by growth across all key brands with particularly strong performance in Malta Guinness and return to growth in Guinness. Scotch also returned to growth lapping a weak comparative in Cameroon.

•    South Africa net sales returned to growth of 4% driven by strong spirits performance in Tanqueray, Captain Morgan and double digit growth in Smirnoff 1818.

•    In Nigeria, net sales declined by 4% as growth in Guinness and double digit growth in spirits was more than offset by competitive pressure impacting the lager segment. 

•    Marketing investment increased 6%. In Nigeria, marketing was focused on key campaigns including Malta Guinness "Fuel Your Greatness". In East Africa last year's successful Guinness campaign was evolved as "Win a Chance to meet Rio Ferdinand" and Serengeti is a sponsor of the Tanzanian national football team.

 

Latin America and Caribbean

 

Latin America and Caribbean delivered 9% growth in net sales with strong performance in Mexico, Colombia and CCA, which benefitted from lapping the impact of last year's hurricanes. Growth in the region was broad based across all categories. Scotch grew 8% with continued solid performance of Johnnie Walker and primary scotch growing 8% and 15%, respectively. Buchanan's was up 8% and Old Parr returned to growth as the brands benefitted from lapping last year's tax changes in Colombia. Don Julio delivered double digit growth led by Mexico. Tanqueray and Smirnoff's double digit growth was driven by Brazil. Operating margin for the region increased 365bps benefitting from improved price/mix and productivity led efficiencies partially offset by inflationary pressure on commodity input costs.

Key financials £ million:

 

F18 H1

FX

Reclassifi-cation(i)

Acquisitions
and
disposals

Organic movement

F19 H1

Reported movement
%

Net sales

649

 

(35

)

-

 

1

 

57

 

672

 

4

 

Marketing

109

 

(6

)

1

 

-

 

6

 

110

 

1

 

Operating profit

218

 

(7

)

(1

)

-

 

44

 

254

 

17

 

(i)   Reclassification comprises a reallocation of the results of Travel Retail to the geographical regions.

 

Markets:

 

 

 

 

 

Global giants and local stars(i):

 

Organic
volume
movement

Reported
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

 

Organic
volume
movement(ii)

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

%

%

%

Latin America and Caribbean

 

 

 

 

 

Johnnie Walker

5

 

8

 

3

 

(1

)

(1

)

9

 

4

 

 

Buchanan's

2

 

8

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smirnoff

6

 

13

 

-

 

PUB

(4

)

(4

)

-

 

(13

)

 

Old Parr

3

 

5

 

2

 

Mexico

4

 

4

 

9

 

7

 

 

Baileys

2

 

9

 

9

 

CCA

17

 

17

 

22

 

27

 

 

Ypióca

(10

)

1

 

(15

)

Andean

(29

)

(29

)

20

 

9

 

 

Black & White

11

 

7

 

(2

)

PEBAC

13

 

13

 

2

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spirits

(1

)

-

 

10

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beer

4

 

4

 

(11

)

(13

)

 

 

 

 

 

Ready to drink

(8

)

(8

)

7

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(i)   Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)  Organic equals reported volume movement except for Johnnie Walker 6%, Old Parr 4%, and Baileys 5% largely due to the reallocation of the results of Travel Retail.

 

•     In PUB (Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil), net sales were flat. Brazil delivered 2% growth. Scotch net sales declined 3% lapping a strong first half in the prior year. Black & White declined as it was impacted by a state tax change in Brazil. Scaled up commercial activations in conjunction with media support helped Tanqueray grow triple digit and become the market leader in the gin category in Brazil. Smirnoff grew double digit benefitting from the continued expansion of small formats to drive accessibility and ongoing focus behind the brand's biggest serve Caipiroska through a national omni-channel competition "The Best Caipiroska in Brazil".

•     In Mexico, net sales increased 9%. Growth was broad based but led by Don Julio which gained more than 2pps share of the tequila category, reflecting strong brand momentum and well-executed marketing campaigns and commercial platforms. Scotch grew 7% with Johnnie Walker up 11% and Black & White up 8% supported by an increased focus on brand availability through trade activations.

•    In CCA (Caribbean and Central America), net sales increased 22% benefitting from lapping a weaker first half last year following the impact of the hurricanes. Growth was broad based but led by Johnnie Walker Black Label  which grew double digit as it benefitted from greater visibility with the "Keep Walking" campaign.

•    Andean (Colombia and Venezuela) net sales increased 20% with Colombia lapping the impact of tax changes last year. Scotch delivered double digit net sales growth with contributions from Buchanan's supported by local media campaigns and Black & White benefitting from route to consumer expansion. Venezuela volume was still in decline as economic conditions continued to deteriorate.

•     PEBAC (Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile) delivered 2% net sales growth, driven by Ecuador and Chile but offset by Argentina, which faced the continuing impact of currency devaluation, and Peru, which was impacted by tax changes. Growth was driven by scotch with strong contribution from Johnnie Walker Red Label and VAT 69 taking market share from local spirits.

•     Marketing investment increased by 6%, focused on scotch with support for key campaigns including Johnnie Walker "We are all Human", Buchanan's "Vivamos Grandes Momentos" and Old Parr "Cambia el Guión".

 

Asia Pacific

 

In Asia Pacific net sales grew 13% with strong growth in Greater China, India, South East Asia and Travel Retail Asia and Middle East. This was partially offset by the continued contraction of the scotch category in Korea. Greater China grew 20% driven by strong performance in both scotch and Chinese white spirits. Net sales in India grew 12%, largely driven by both IMFL whisky and scotch in the prestige and above segment, and enhanced by lapping a weak prior year. In scotch, net sales were up 15% as strong performance in Johnnie Walker and scotch malts more than offset the net sales decline of Windsor in Korea. Operating margin increased 486bps driven by positive price/mix and productivity led savings. 

Key financials £ million:

 

F18 H1

FX

Reclassifi-cation(i)

Acquisitions
and
disposals

Organic movement

F19 H1

Reported movement
%

Net sales

1,298

(39)

(13

)

(4

)

156

 

1,398

 

8

 

Marketing

188

(4)

-

 

-

 

24

 

208

 

11

 

Operating profit

316

(3

)

(9

)

(1

)

106

 

409

 

29

 

                           

(i)   Reclassification includes a reallocation of the results of Travel Retail to the geographical regions.

 

Markets:

 

 

 

 

 

Global giants and local stars(ii):

 

Organic
volume
movement
(i)

Reported
volume
movement

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

 

Organic
volume
movement(iii)

Organic
net sales
movement

Reported
net sales
movement

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

%

%

%

Asia Pacific

7

 

7

 

13

 

8

 

 

Johnnie Walker

15

 

20

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

McDowell's

8

 

11

 

2

 

India

7

 

6

 

12

 

3

 

 

Windsor

(8

)

(20

)

(18

)

Greater China

7

 

4

 

20

 

19

 

 

Smirnoff

-

 

8

 

5

 

Australia

6

 

6

 

8

 

2

 

 

Guinness

3

 

6

 

3

 

South East Asia

16

 

16

 

16

 

18

 

 

Bundaberg

2

 

1

 

(4

)

North Asia

3

 

3

 

(7

)

(5

)

 

Shui Jing Fang(iv)

13

 

22

 

20

 

Travel Retail Asia and Middle East

15

 

4

 

24

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spirits

7

 

7

 

13

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Beer

2

 

2

 

6

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ready to drink

5

 

5

 

11

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

(i)   Difference between organic and reported volume for India is in respect of the Nepal business disposal. 

(ii)  Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(iii)  Organic equals reported volume movement except for Johnnie Walker 11% largely due to the reallocation of the results of Travel Retail.

(iv) Organic growth figures represent total Chinese white spirits of which Shui Jing Fang is the principal brand. Organic growth adjusted to remove bulk sales reported in the prior comparable period. Reported volume was up 4%.

 

•    In India net sales increased 12% benefitting from lapping weak prior year performance due to the impact of the Supreme Court ruling prohibiting the sale of alcohol in certain outlets near state highways and route to market changes in certain states. Prestige and above was up 17%, led by strong double digit growth in scotch, driven by Johnnie Walker and Black & White. This was supported by solid performance from McDowell's No. 1 enhanced by the launch of its new Platinum range and strong growth in Royal Challenge and Signature. Vodka net sales were up 10%, with Smirnoff expanding its distribution. Net sales in the popular brands segment increased 2%.

•     In Greater China net sales increased 20%, with growth in both Chinese white spirits and scotch, and enhanced by the benefit of an earlier Chinese New Year. As expected, Chinese white spirits net sales growth slowed to 22%. Scotch net sales increased by 19% with continued growth in mainland China and a return to growth in Taiwan.  The main drivers of scotch growth were Johnnie Walker super deluxe and scotch malts.

•     Net sales in Australia grew 8%, driven by strong performance in the ready to drink and spirits portfolios as it benefitted from lapping the prior year working capital efficiencies. Ready to drink net sales increased 13% fuelled by innovation geared towards more premium products like Gordon's Premium Pink and Soda, and Tanqueray & Tonic. Bundaberg continues to improve on the back of the "Unmistakably Ours" campaign.

•     In South East Asia, net sales increased 16% driven by growth across all countries except Thailand. Scotch has been the key growth driver with net sales growth of 16%, led by Johnnie Walker Black Label and super deluxe.

•     In North Asia, net sales declined 7% with growth in Japan being offset by continued weakness in Korea. In Korea net sales declined 15% due to a weak Windsor performance, associated with the contraction of the scotch category. Japan net sales grew 8%, driven by scotch, with share gains across most segments.

•     Travel Retail Asia and Middle East net sales grew 24% driven by improved commercial activation and successful launches within the premium scotch portfolio, including "White Walker by Johnnie Walker". 

•     Marketing investment increased by 13% driven by increased investment in China and India.

 

 

CATEGORY AND BRAND REVIEW

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Key categories:

 

Organic
volume
movement
(iii)
%

Organic
net sales
movement
%

Reported
net sales
movement
%

Spirits(i)

4

 

7

 

5

 

Scotch

4

 

7

 

6

 

Vodka(ii)(iv)

2

 

3

 

2

 

US whiskey

2

 

4

 

6

 

Canadian whisky

5

 

5

 

6

 

Rum(ii)

(4

)

(3

)

(5

)

Indian-Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) whisky

9

 

11

 

2

 

Liqueurs

-

 

3

 

2

 

Gin(ii)

25

 

28

 

29

 

Tequila

18

 

29

 

36

 

Beer

2

 

4

 

5

 

Ready to drink

9

 

16

 

15

 

(i)   Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)  Vodka, rum, gin including IMFL brands.

(iii)  Organic equals reported volume movement except for Canadian whisky 3%, IMFL whisky 8%, gin 24%, and tequila 23%, which were impacted by acquisitions and disposals.

(iv) Vodka includes Ketel One Botanical.

 

 

•     Scotch represents 27% of Diageo's net sales and was up 7% with growth in Asia Pacific, Latin America and Caribbean and North America partially offset by decline in Europe. Scotch growth was driven by Johnnie Walker, which delivered a strong performance with net sales up 10%. Primary scotch brands grew 10% largely driven by Black & White. Buchanan's grew 8% in Latin America and Caribbean and 7% in North America. Old Parr returned to growth as the brand lapped tax changes in Colombia. Scotch malts were up 5% with growth coming from Asia Pacific, North America and Latin America and Caribbean. JεB continued to be under pressure in Europe led by the challenged scotch category in Iberia. Sustained scotch category decline in Korea continued to drive declines in Windsor.

•     Vodka represents 11% of Diageo's net sales and returned to growth with net sales up 3% and growth across all the regions driven by Smirnoff and Ketel One(iv) partially offset by a decline in Cîroc vodka. Overall, Smirnoff grew 2%. Smirnoff performance outside the US was strong, up 6%, and more than offsetting 2% decline in US Spirits. Ketel One(iv) performance was driven by strong growth in US Spirits and Europe. Cîroc vodka decline was driven by US Spirits.

•    US whiskey represents 2% of Diageo's net sales and grew 4%. Performance continued to be driven by strong growth in Bulleit benefitting from the scaled up "Frontier Work" platform.

•     Canadian whisky represents 7% of Diageo's net sales and grew 5%. Solid growth of Crown Royal in US Spirits was largely driven by Regal Apple and the limited time offer Salted Caramel.

•     Rum represents 7% of Diageo's net sales and declined 3% largely driven by Captain Morgan in US Spirits. 

•   IMFL whisky represents 5% of Diageo's net sales and grew 11% driven by the strong performance of the McDowell's trademark, Royal Challenge and Signature, all brands in double digit growth.

•     Liqueurs represent 6% of Diageo's net sales and grew 3% driven by Baileys. Performance was driven by continued focus on reminding consumers of Baileys' indulgent treat year-round positioning.

•    Gin represents 4% of Diageo's net sales and grew 28% with double digit growth across all regions except North America. Europe was the largest contributor to growth driven by the strong performance of Gordon's and Tanqueray. In Western Europe we gained over 600bps of market share in gin.

•     Tequila represents 3% of Diageo's net sales and grew 29%. The performance was driven by strong double digit growth of Don Julio in US Spirits and Latin America and Caribbean as well as Casamigos in US Spirits.

•    Beer represents 15% of Diageo's net sales and grew 4%, largely driven by Guinness with growth coming from all regions except Latin America and Caribbean. Guinness net sales were up 4% with strong performance in Europe driven by Guinness Draught and continued growth of Hop House 13 Lager. Europe also saw the successful launch of Rockshore lager in Ireland. Africa had a good performance with Guinness growing 5% and strong performance of Senator Keg and Serengeti Lite.

•     Ready to drink represents 5% of Diageo's net sales and grew 16% primarily driven by North America and Europe.

Global giants, local stars and reserve(i):

 

Organic
volume
movement(ii)
%

Organic
net sales
movement
%

Reported
net sales
movement
%

Global giants

 

 

 

Johnnie Walker

5

 

10

 

9

 

Smirnoff

1

 

2

 

2

 

Baileys

-

 

3

 

3

 

Captain Morgan

(2

)

(4

)

(3

)

Tanqueray

20

 

21

 

22

 

Guinness

3

 

4

 

4

 

Local stars

 

 

 

Crown Royal

5

 

5

 

7

 

Yenì Raki

(17

)

5

 

(29

)

Buchanan's

5

 

7

 

6

 

JεB

(11

)

(10

)

(10

)

Windsor

(8

)

(20

)

(18

)

Old Parr

5

 

6

 

3

 

Bundaberg

2

 

1

 

(4

)

Black & White

11

 

16

 

7

 

Ypióca

(10

)

1

 

(15

)

McDowell's

8

 

10

 

2

 

Shui Jing Fang(iii)

13

 

22

 

20

 

Reserve

 

 

 

Scotch malts

4

 

5

 

8

 

Cîroc vodka

(9

)

(12

)

(9

)

Ketel One(iv)

18

 

21

 

24

 

Don Julio

13

 

26

 

27

 

Bulleit

8

 

6

 

8

 

(i)   Spirits brands excluding ready to drink.

(ii)  Organic equals reported volume movement except for scotch malts 5%.

(iii)  Organic growth figures represent total Chinese white spirits of which Shui Jing Fang is the principal brand. Organic growth adjusted to remove bulk sales reported in the comparable period last year. Reported volume was up 4%.

(iv) Ketel One includes Ketel One vodka and Ketel One Botanical.

 

•     Global giants represent 42% of Diageo's net sales and grew 6%. Growth was broad based across all brands with the exception of Captain Morgan whose net sales declined 4%.  

•     Local stars represent 20% of Diageo's net sales and grew 6%, largely driven by strong growth of Chinese white spirits, McDowell's No. 1 in India, Crown Royal in US Spirits and Buchanan's in Latin America and Caribbean. This was partially offset by declines of Windsor in Korea and JεB in Iberia.

•     Reserve brands represent 19% of Diageo's net sales and grew 11% largely driven by strong double digit growth in Don Julio, Chinese white spirits and Ketel One vodka. Net sales of Johnnie Walker reserve variants were up 6%. 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Six months ended 31 December 2018

SUMMARY INCOME STATEMENT

 

 

31 December 2017

Exchange
(a)

Acquisitions and disposals
(b)

Organic movement(i)

31 December 2018

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Sales

9,934

 

(314

)

(13

)

756

 

10,363

 

Excise duties

(3,404

)

223

 

6

 

(280

)

(3,455

)

Net sales

6,530

 

(91

)

(7

)

476

 

6,908

 

Cost of sales

(2,439

)

68

 

5

 

(142

)

(2,508

)

Gross profit

4,091

 

(23

)

(2

)

334

 

4,400

 

Marketing

(968

)

4

 

-

 

(90

)

(1,054

)

Other operating expenses

(933

)

19

 

(1

)

20

 

(895

)

Operating profit before exceptional items

2,190

 

-

 

(3

)

264

 

2,451

 

Exceptional operating items (c)

-

 

 

 

 

(21

)

Operating profit

2,190

 

 

 

 

2,430

 

Non-operating items (c)

-

 

 

 

 

146

 

Net finance charges

(154

)

 

 

 

(128

)

Share of after tax results of associates and joint ventures

168

 

 

 

 

179

 

Profit before taxation

2,204

 

 

 

 

2,627

 

Taxation (d)

(77

)

 

 

 

(560

)

Profit for the period

2,127

 

 

 

 

2,067

 

(i)   For the definition of organic movement see Explanatory Notes.

 

 

(a) Exchange

The impact of movements in exchange rates on reported figures is principally in respect of strengthening of sterling against the Turkish lira, the Brazilian real, the Indian rupee, the Australian dollar and the Russian rouble, partially offset by weakening of sterling against the US dollar.

 

The effect of movements in exchange rates and other movements on profit before exceptional items and taxation for the six months ended 31 December 2018 is set out in the table below.

 

Gains/(losses)

 

£ million

Translation impact

(27)

Transaction impact

27

Operating profit before exceptional items

-

 

Net finance charges - translation impact

(2)

Impact of IAS 21 and IFRS 9 on net other finance charges

(3)

Net finance charges

(5)

Associates - translation impact

-

 

Profit before exceptional items and taxation

(5)

 

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

Six months ended 31 December 2017

Exchange rates

 

 

Translation  £1 =

$1.29

 

$1.32

 

Transaction £1 =

$1.31

 

$1.41

 

Translation  £1 =

€1.12

 

€1.12

 

Transaction £1 =

€1.13

 

€1.17

 

 

(b) Acquisitions and disposals

The acquisitions and disposals movement was mainly attributable to the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands (see the list of brands disposed of in Explanatory Notes) to Sazerac completed on 20 December 2018.

 

(c) Exceptional items

Exceptional operating charges in the six months ended 31 December 2018 were £21 million before tax (2017 - £nil).

 

On 26 October 2018, the High Court of Justice of England and Wales issued a judgment in a claim between Lloyds Banking Group Pension Trustees Limited (the claimant) and Lloyds Bank plc (defendant) that UK pension schemes should equalise pension benefits for men and women for the calculation of their guaranteed minimum pension liability. The judgment concluded that the claimant has a duty to amend their pension schemes to equalise benefits and provided comments on the method to be adopted to equalise the benefits. This court ruling impacts the majority of companies with a UK defined benefit pension plan that was in existence before 1997. For the Diageo Pension Scheme (DPS) an estimate was made of the impact of equalisation which increased the liabilities of the DPS by £21 million with a corresponding charge to exceptional operating items. Additional work will be carried out to finalise the charge post 31 December 2018.

 

Non-operating exceptional items in the six months ended 31 December 2018 were £146 million before tax (2017 - £nil). 

 

Diageo completed the sale of a portfolio of 19 brands on 20 December 2018 to Sazerac for an aggregate consideration of $550 million (£435 million). The net proceeds of approximately £340 million, after corporate tax and transaction costs, will be returned to shareholders through a share buyback programme, which will be incremental to the previously announced programme. The transaction resulted in an exceptional gain before taxation of £154 million.

 

The disposal of United National Breweries (UNB), Diageo's wholly owned sorghum business in South Africa, was agreed in December 2018 and is subject to receipt of regulatory approvals. The prospective sale has resulted in an exceptional loss of approximately £8 million.

 

See Explanatory Notes for the definition of exceptional items.

 

(d) Taxation

The reported tax charge for the six months ended 31 December 2018 was 21.3% compared with 3.5% for the six months ended 31 December 2017. 

The tax charge for the six months ended 31 December 2018 included exceptional tax charges of £34 million in respect of the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac and an exceptional tax credit of £4 million in respect of the equalisation of liabilities for males and females in the Diageo Pension Scheme. In the six months ended 31 December 2017 there was an exceptional tax credit of £360 million ($475 million) as a consequence of the reduction in the US Federal tax rate (from 35% to 21%) enacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in the United States.

The tax rate before exceptional items for the six months ended 31 December 2018 was 21.2% compared with 19.8% in the six months ended 31 December 2017.

It is expected that the tax rate before exceptional items for the year ending 30 June 2019 will be in the range of 21% to 22%.

 

(e) Dividend

The group aims to increase the dividend at each half-year and the decision as to the rate of the dividend increase is made with reference to dividend cover as well as the current performance trends including top and bottom line together with cash generation. Diageo targets dividend cover (the ratio of basic earnings per share before exceptional items to dividend per share) within the range of 1.8-2.2 times. For the year ended 30 June 2018 dividend cover was 1.8 times. It is expected that dividend increases will be maintained at roughly a mid-single digit rate until the cover is comfortably back in the policy range.

An interim dividend of 26.1 pence per share will be paid to holders of ordinary shares and ADRs on the register as of 1 March 2019. The ex-dividend date is 28 February 2019. This represents an increase of 5% on last year's interim dividend. The interim dividend will be paid to ordinary shareholders on 11 April 2019. Payment to US ADR holders will be made on 16 April 2019. A dividend reinvestment plan is available to holders of ordinary shares in respect of the interim dividend and the plan notice date is 21 March 2019. 

 

(f) Share buyback

On 26 July 2018 the Board approved a share buyback programme to return up to £2.0 billion to shareholders during the year ending 30 June 2019. 

On 20 December 2018 Diageo completed the sale of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac. The net proceeds of approximately £340 million, after corporate tax and transaction costs, will be returned to shareholders through a share buyback programme, which brought the total programme to £2.34 billion.

On 30 January 2019 the Board approved an incremental share buyback programme of £660 million, bringing the total programme up to £3.0 billion for the year ending 30 June 2019.

At 31 December 2018 the group had purchased 46.5 million ordinary shares at a cost of £1.275 billion (including £7 million of transaction costs) and has funded the purchases through a combination of cash and borrowings. A financial liability of £80 million has been established at 31 December 2018 (2017 - £182 million) representing the 2.9 million shares that are expected to be purchased by 31 January 2019.

 

 

MOVEMENT IN NET BORROWINGS AND EQUITY

 

Movement in net borrowings

 

 

2018

2017

 

£ million

£ million

Net borrowings at 30 June

(9,091

)

(7,892

)

Free cash flow (a)

1,346

 

1,029

 

Acquisitions (b)

(32

)

(561

)

Sale of businesses and brands (c)

419

 

2

 

Share buyback programme

(1,275

)

(742

)

Proceeds from issue of share capital

1

 

1

 

Net sale/(purchase) of own shares for share schemes (d)

25

 

(28

)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

(76

)

(61

)

Rights issue proceeds from non-controlling interests of subsidiary company

-

 

26

 

Net movements in bonds (e)

1,754

 

188

 

Purchase of shares of non-controlling interests (f)

(697

)

-

 

Net movements in other borrowings (g)

220

 

911

 

Equity dividends paid

(993

)

(968

)

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

692

 

(203

)

Net increase in bonds and other borrowings

(1,974

)

(1,099

)

Exchange differences (h)

(32

)

47

 

Other non-cash items

53

 

(51

)

Net borrowings at 31 December

(10,352

)

(9,198

)

 

(a) See Free Cash Flow for the analysis of free cash flow.

 

(b) On 28 September 2018 Diageo acquired the remaining 70% of Copper Dog Whisky Limited (CDWL) that it did not already own for an upfront valuation of £6.5 million and further earn-out payments based on CDWL achieving performance targets. The discounted current estimate for the earn-out payments is £10 million. Other acquisitions include deferred consideration paid in respect of prior year acquisitions and additional investments in a number of Distill Venture associates.

      In the six months ended 31 December 2017 acquisitions included $705 million (£548 million) in respect of the completion of the acquisition of Casamigos. 

 

(c) In the six months ended 31 December 2018, sale of businesses and brands represents the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac net of transaction costs.

 

(d) Net sale/purchase of own shares comprised purchase of treasury shares for the future settlement of obligations under the employee share option schemes of £1 million (2017 - £67 million) less receipts from employees on the exercise of share options of £26 million (2017 - £39 million).

 

(e) In the six months ended 31 December 2018, the group issued bonds of €2,000 million (£1,754 million). In the comparable period the group issued bonds of €1,275 million (£1,136 million) and repaid bonds of $1,250 million (£948 million).

 

(f) In the six months ended 31 December 2018 purchase of shares of non-controlling interests comprised RMB 6,084 million (£696 million) and transaction costs of £1 million in respect of the acquisition of 20.29% of the share capital of Sichuan Shuijingfang Company Limited (SJF). This took Diageo's shareholding in SJF from 39.71% to 60%. SJF is a manufacturer and distributor of Chinese white spirits located in Sichuan province in China and was controlled and therefore consolidated prior to the transaction in the period.

 

(g) In the six months ended 31 December 2018 the net movement in other borrowings principally arose from cash movements on foreign exchange swaps and forwards. In the comparable period movements were driven by the issue of commercial paper and the cash movements of foreign exchange swaps and forwards.

 

(h) Increase in net borrowings of £32 million is primarily driven by the adverse exchange differences on US dollar and euro denominated borrowings partially offset by a favourable change on foreign exchange swaps and forwards.

 

Movement in equity

 

 

2018

2017

 

£ million

£ million

Equity at 30 June

11,713

 

12,028

 

Profit for the period

2,067

 

2,127

 

Exchange adjustments (a)

251

 

(428

)

Remeasurement of post employment plans net of taxation

150

 

(86

)

Purchase of shares of non-controlling interests (b)

(703

)

-

 

Rights issue proceeds from non-controlling interests of subsidiary company (c)

-

 

26

 

Dividends to non-controlling interests

(55

)

(61

)

Equity dividends paid

(993

)

(968

)

Share buyback programme

(1,355

)

(924

)

Other reserve movements

58

 

(24

)

Equity at 31 December

11,133

 

11,690

 

 

(a) Movement in the six months ended 31 December 2018 primarily arose from exchange gains in respect of the US dollar and Indian rupee partially offset by exchange losses on the Turkish lira.

 

(b) In the six months ended 31 December 2018 Diageo acquired 20.29% of the share capital of Sichuan Shuijingfang Company Limited (SJF) which was already controlled and therefore consolidated prior to the transaction. This took Diageo's shareholding in SJF from 39.71% to 60%.

 

(c) In the six months ended 31 December 2017 a rights issue was completed by Guinness Nigeria (GN) where Diageo's controlling equity share in GN increased from 54.32% to 58.02%. The transaction resulted in a credit of £31 million to non-controlling interests and a charge of £5 million to reserves.

 

Post employment plans

The net surplus of the group's post employment benefit plans increased by £234 million from £63 million at 30 June 2018 to £297 million at 31 December 2018. The increase primarily arose due to the increase in returns from 'AA' rated corporate bonds used to calculate the discount rates on the liabilities of the post employment plans (UK from 2.8% to 2.9%, Ireland from 1.7% to 2.0%) partially offset by a decrease in the market value of the assets held by the post employment schemes.

The operating profit charge before exceptional items decreased by £13 million from £45 million for the six months ended 31 December 2017 to £32 million for the six months ended 31 December 2018 primarily due to changes made to the future benefits earnt by employees in the Diageo Pension Scheme (DPS). The six months ended 31 December 2018 includes past service gains of £22 million following a communication to the members of the DPS reducing future pension increases which was broadly in line with a past service gain recognised in the six months ended 31 December 2017.

Total cash contributions by the group to all post employment plans in the year ending 30 June 2019 are estimated to be approximately £200 million. 

 

DIAGEO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

 

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

Notes

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

2

10,363

 

 

9,934

 

Excise duties

 

(3,455

)

 

(3,404

)

Net sales

2

6,908

 

 

6,530

 

Cost of sales

 

(2,508

)

 

(2,439

)

Gross profit

 

4,400

 

 

4,091

 

Marketing

 

(1,054

)

 

(968

)

Other operating expenses

 

(916

)

 

(933

)

Operating profit

2

2,430

 

 

2,190

 

Non-operating items

3

146

 

 

-

 

Finance income

4

181

 

 

113

 

Finance charges

4

(309

)

 

(267

)

Share of after tax results of associates and joint ventures

 

179

 

 

168

 

Profit before taxation

 

2,627

 

 

2,204

 

Taxation

5

(560

)

 

(77

)

Profit for the period

 

2,067

 

 

2,127

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

Equity shareholders of the parent company

 

1,976

 

 

2,058

 

Non-controlling interests

 

91

 

 

69

 

 

 

2,067

 

 

2,127

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

million

 

million

Weighted average number of shares

 

 

 

 

Shares in issue excluding own shares

 

2,442

 

2,505

Dilutive potential ordinary shares

 

10

 

12

 

 

2,452

 

2,517

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pence

 

pence

Basic earnings per share

 

80.9

 

 

82.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

80.6

 

 

81.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIAGEO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

 

£ million

 

£ million

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

  Items that will not be recycled subsequently to the income statement

 

 

 

 

Net remeasurement of post employment plans

 

 

 

 

-  group

 

183

 

 

(85

)

-  associates and joint ventures

 

1

 

 

5

 

Tax on post employment plans

 

(34

)

 

(6

)

 

 

150

 

 

(86

)

  Items that may be recycled subsequently to the income statement

 

 

 

 

Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations

 

 

 

 

-  group

 

265

 

 

(492

)

-  associates and joint ventures

 

43

 

 

33

 

-  non-controlling interests

 

42

 

 

(54

)

Net investment hedges

 

(99

)

 

85

 

Tax on exchange differences - group

 

1

 

 

11

 

Effective portion of changes in fair value of cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

-  hedge of foreign currency debt of the group

 

115

 

 

(96

)

-  transaction exposure hedging of the group

 

(66

)

 

53

 

-  commodity price risk of the group

 

(6

)

 

1

 

-  hedges by associates and joint ventures

 

(5

)

 

4

 

-  recycled to income statement - hedge of foreign currency debt of the group

(71

)

 

49

 

-  recycled to income statement - transaction exposure hedging of the group

20

 

 

15

 

Tax on effective portion of changes in fair value of cash flow hedges

 

(2

)

 

6

 

Hyperinflation adjustment

 

(4

)

 

13

 

Tax on hyperinflation adjustment

 

2

 

 

(6

)

 

 

235

 

 

(378

)

Other comprehensive profit/(loss), net of tax, for the period

 

385

 

 

(464

)

Profit for the period

 

2,067

 

 

2,127

 

Total comprehensive income for the period

 

2,452

 

 

1,663

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

Equity shareholders of the parent company

 

2,319

 

 

1,648

 

Non-controlling interests

 

133

 

 

15

 

Total comprehensive income for the period

 

2,452

 

 

1,663

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIAGEO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

 

 

 

31 December 2018

 

30 June 2018

 

31 December 2017

 

Notes

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

 

12,555

 

 

 

 

12,572

 

 

 

 

12,807

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

4,238

 

 

 

 

4,089

 

 

 

 

3,953

 

 

 

Biological assets

 

 

26

 

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

Investments in associates and joint ventures

 

 

3,230

 

 

 

 

3,009

 

 

 

 

3,053

 

 

 

Other investments

 

 

48

 

 

 

 

46

 

 

 

 

49

 

 

 

Other receivables

 

 

59

 

 

 

 

46

 

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

Other financial assets

 

 

281

 

 

 

 

182

 

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

106

 

 

 

 

122

 

 

 

 

179

 

 

 

Post employment benefit assets

 

 

1,036

 

 

 

 

935

 

 

 

 

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21,579

 

 

 

 

21,024

 

 

 

 

20,602

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

6

 

5,276

 

 

 

 

5,015

 

 

 

 

4,919

 

 

 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

3,541

 

 

 

 

2,678

 

 

 

 

3,431

 

 

 

Assets held for sale

 

 

83

 

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Corporate tax receivables

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

65

 

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

Other financial assets

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

 

123

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

7

 

1,591

 

 

 

 

874

 

 

 

 

920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,515

 

 

 

 

8,691

 

 

 

 

9,500

 

Total assets

 

 

 

 

32,094

 

 

 

 

29,715

 

 

 

 

30,102

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings and bank overdrafts

7

 

(1,742

)

 

 

 

(1,828

)

 

 

 

(2,378

)

 

 

Other financial liabilities

 

 

(386

)

 

 

 

(230

)

 

 

 

(324

)

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

(4,415

)

 

 

 

(3,950

)

 

 

 

(4,142

)

 

 

Liabilities held for sale

 

 

(32

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Corporate tax payables

 

 

(446

)

 

 

 

(243

)

 

 

 

(300

)

 

 

Provisions

 

 

(107

)

 

 

 

(109

)

 

 

 

(109

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,128

)

 

 

 

(6,360

)

 

 

 

(7,253

)

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

7

 

(10,272

)

 

 

 

(8,074

)

 

 

 

(7,647

)

 

 

Other financial liabilities

 

 

(154

)

 

 

 

(212

)

 

 

 

(426

)

 

 

Other payables

 

 

(250

)

 

 

 

(209

)

 

 

 

(196

)

 

 

Provisions

 

 

(295

)

 

 

 

(288

)

 

 

 

(286

)

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

(2,123

)

 

 

 

(1,987

)

 

 

 

(1,786

)

 

 

Post employment benefit liabilities

 

 

(739

)

 

 

 

(872

)

 

 

 

(818

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13,833

)

 

 

 

(11,642

)

 

 

 

(11,159

)

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

(20,961

)

 

 

 

(18,002

)

 

 

 

(18,412

)

Net assets

 

 

 

 

11,133

 

 

 

 

11,713

 

 

 

 

11,690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

767

 

 

 

 

780

 

 

 

 

789

 

 

 

Share premium

 

 

1,350

 

 

 

 

1,349

 

 

 

 

1,349

 

 

 

Other reserves

 

 

2,341

 

 

 

 

2,133

 

 

 

 

2,362

 

 

 

Retained earnings

 

 

4,908

 

 

 

 

5,686

 

 

 

 

5,422

 

 

 

Equity attributable to equity
  shareholders of the parent company

 

 

 

 

9,366

 

 

 

 

9,948

 

 

 

 

9,922

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

1,767

 

 

 

 

1,765

 

 

 

 

1,768

 

Total equity

 

 

 

 

11,133

 

 

 

 

11,713

 

 

 

 

11,690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIAGEO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

 

 

 

Retained earnings/(deficit)

Equity
attributable
to parent company
shareholders

 

 

 

Share
capital

Share
premium

Other
reserves

Own
shares

Other
retained 
earnings

Total

Non-
controlling
interests

Total
equity

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30 June 2017

797

 

1,348

 

2,693

 

(2,176

)

7,651

 

5,475

 

10,313

 

1,715

 

12,028

 

Adoption of IFRS 15 (note 1)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(69

)

(69

)

(69

)

(2

)

(71

)

Profit for the period

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

2,058

 

2,058

 

2,058

 

69

 

2,127

 

Other comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

(331

)

-

 

(79

)

(79

)

(410

)

(54

)

(464

)

Employee share schemes

-

 

-

 

-

 

(2

)

(3

)

(5

)

(5

)

-

 

(5

)

Share-based incentive plans

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

21

 

21

 

21

 

-

 

21

 

Share-based incentive plans in respect of associates

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

5

 

5

 

5

 

-

 

5

 

Tax on share-based
 incentive plans

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

7

 

7

 

7

 

-

 

7

 

Shares issued

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

 

Purchase of non-controlling
 interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(70

)

(70

)

(70

)

70

 

-

 

Purchase of rights issue of non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(5

)

(5

)

(5

)

31

 

26

 

Change in fair value of put options

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(32

)

(32

)

(32

)

-

 

(32

)

Share buyback programme

(8

)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(916

)

(916

)

(924

)

-

 

(924

)

Dividends paid

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(968

)

(968

)

(968

)

(61

)

(1,029

)

At 31 December 2017

789

 

1,349

 

2,362

 

(2,178

)

7,600

 

5,422

 

9,922

 

1,768

 

11,690

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 30 June 2018

780

 

1,349

 

2,133

 

(2,144

)

7,830

 

5,686

 

9,948

 

1,765

 

11,713

 

Profit for the period

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1,976

 

1,976

 

1,976

 

91

 

2,067

 

Other comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

195

 

-

 

148

 

148

 

343

 

42

 

385

 

Employee share schemes

-

 

-

 

-

 

73

 

(26

)

47

 

47

 

-

 

47

 

Share-based incentive plans

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

25

 

25

 

25

 

-

 

25

 

Share-based incentive plans  in respect of associates

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

3

 

3

 

3

 

-

 

3

 

Shares issued

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

 

Purchase of non-controlling
 interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(627

)

(627

)

(627

)

(76

)

(703

)

Change in fair value of put options

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(2

)

(2

)

(2

)

-

 

(2

)

Share buyback programme

(13

)

-

 

13

 

-

 

(1,355

)

(1,355

)

(1,355

)

-

 

(1,355

)

Dividends declared

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(993

)

(993

)

(993

)

(55

)

(1,048

)

At 31 December 2018

767

 

1,350

 

2,341

 

(2,071

)

6,979

 

4,908

 

9,366

 

1,767

 

11,133

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIAGEO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period

2,067

 

 

 

 

2,127

 

 

 

Taxation

560

 

 

 

 

77

 

 

 

Share of after tax results of associates and joint ventures

(179

)

 

 

 

(168

)

 

 

Net finance charges

128

 

 

 

 

154

 

 

 

Non-operating items

(146

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

 

2,430

 

 

 

 

2,190

 

Increase in inventories

(245

)

 

 

 

(162

)

 

 

Increase in trade and other receivables

(829

)

 

 

 

(908

)

 

 

Increase in trade and other payables and provisions

418

 

 

 

 

540

 

 

 

Net increase in working capital

 

 

(656

)

 

 

 

(530

)

Depreciation, amortisation and impairment

185

 

 

 

 

187

 

 

 

Dividends received

3

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

Post employment payments less amounts included in operating profit

(61

)

 

 

 

(66

)

 

 

Other items

37

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

124

 

Cash generated from operations

 

 

1,938

 

 

 

 

1,784

 

Interest received

101

 

 

 

 

76

 

 

 

Interest paid

(206

)

 

 

 

(204

)

 

 

Taxation paid

(229

)

 

 

 

(408

)

 

 

 

 

 

(334

)

 

 

 

(536

)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

1,604

 

 

 

 

1,248

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposal of property, plant and equipment and computer software

13

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment and computer software

(271

)

 

 

 

(210

)

 

 

Movements in loans and other investments

-

 

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

Sale of businesses and brands

419

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

Acquisition of businesses

(32

)

 

 

 

(561

)

 

 

Net cash inflow/(outflow) from investing activities

 

 

129

 

 

 

 

(778

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share buyback programme

(1,275

)

 

 

 

(742

)

 

 

Proceeds from issue of share capital

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Net sale/(purchase) of own shares for share schemes

25

 

 

 

 

(28

)

 

 

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

(76

)

 

 

 

(61

)

 

 

Rights issue proceeds from non-controlling interests

-

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

Proceeds from bonds

1,754

 

 

 

 

1,136

 

 

 

Repayment of bonds

-

 

 

 

 

(948

)

 

 

Purchase of shares of non-controlling interests

(697

)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Net movements in other borrowings

220

 

 

 

 

911

 

 

 

Equity dividends paid

(993

)

 

 

 

(968

)

 

 

Net cash outflow from financing activities

 

 

(1,041

)

 

 

 

(673

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in net cash and cash equivalents

 

 

692

 

 

 

 

(203

)

Exchange differences

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

(28

)

Net cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

 

 

693

 

 

 

 

917

 

Net cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

 

 

1,399

 

 

 

 

686

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash and cash equivalents consist of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

1,591

 

 

 

 

920

 

Bank overdrafts

 

 

(192

)

 

 

 

(234

)

 

 

 

1,399

 

 

 

 

686

 

 

 

NOTES

 

1. Basis of preparation 

 

This condensed set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and as adopted by the EU. IFRS as adopted by the EU differs in certain respects from IFRS as issued by the IASB. The differences have no impact on the group's condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. 

The annual financial statements of the group are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as issued by the IASB and as adopted by the EU. As required by the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority, the condensed set of financial statements has been prepared applying the accounting policies and presentation that were applied in the preparation of the company's published consolidated financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2018 except for the impact of the adoption of new accounting standards and amendments explained below. IFRS is subject to ongoing review and endorsement by the EU or possible amendment by interpretative guidance and the issuance of new standards by the IASB. In preparing these condensed interim financial statements, the significant judgements made by management when applying the group's accounting policies and the significant areas where estimates were required were the same as those that applied to the consolidated financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2018, with the exception of changes in estimates disclosed in note 13 - Contingent liabilities and legal proceedings.

Having reassessed the principal risks the directors considered it appropriate to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

New accounting standards 

 

The following amendments to the accounting standards, issued by the IASB or International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) and endorsed by the EU, have been adopted by the group from 1 July 2018 with no impact on the group's consolidated results, financial position or disclosures:

 

•     Amendments to IAS 40 - Transfers of Investment Property

•     Amendments to IFRS 2 - Classification and Measurement of Share-based payment transactions

•     Amendments to IFRS 4 - Applying IFRS 9 with IFRS 4 Insurance contracts

•   Improvements to IFRS 1 - First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards: Deletion of short-term exemptions for first-time adopters

•     Improvements to IAS 28 - Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures: Measuring investees at fair value through profit or loss: an investment-by-investment choice or a consistent policy choice

 

IFRS 15 - Revenue from contracts with customers (IFRS 15)

Diageo adopted IFRS 15 in the year ended 30 June 2018. In the six months ended 31 December 2017 Diageo recorded the impact of the first time adoption of IFRS 15 on its consolidated results. This resulted in a net charge to retained earnings in the period of £71 million with a corresponding decrease in net assets. At 30 June 2018 the net charge to retained earnings on the adoption of IFRS 15 increased to £91 million with a corresponding decrease in net assets. The company has not reflected this immaterial correction in the consolidated statement of changes in equity for the six months ended 31 December 2017 or the consolidated balance sheet as at 31 December 2017.

 

The following standard issued by the IASB and endorsed by the EU, have not yet been adopted by the group:

 

IFRS 16 - Leases (effective in the year ending 30 June 2020) sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both the lessee and the lessor. It eliminates the classification of leases as either operating leases or finance leases currently required under IAS 17 and introduces a single lessee accounting model where the lessee is required to recognise assets and liabilities for all material leases.  All material leases will be recognised on the balance sheet as right of use assets and depreciated on a straight line basis. The liability, recognised as part of net borrowings, will be measured at a discounted value and any interest will be charged to finance charges in the income statement. Therefore, the charge to the income statement for the operating lease payment will be replaced with depreciation on the right of use asset and the interest charge inherent in the lease.

 

The group will implement IFRS 16 from 1 July 2019 by applying the modified retrospective method, meaning that the comparative figures in the financial statements for the year ending 30 June 2020 will not be restated to show the impact of IFRS 16. The operating leases which will be recorded on the balance sheet following implementation of IFRS 16 are principally in respect of warehouses, office buildings, plant and machinery, cars and distribution vehicles. The group has decided to reduce the complexity of implementation to take advantage of a number of practical expedients on transition on 1 July 2019 namely:

(i) to measure the right of use asset at the same value as the lease liability

(ii) to apply the short term and low value exemptions

(iii) to treat, wherever possible, services provided as an income statement item and only capitalise the lease payment amounts in respect of the asset

 

The anticipated impact of the standard on the group is not yet known though is not expected to be material on the income statement or net assets. Assets and liabilities will be grossed up for the net present value of the outstanding operating lease liabilities excluding low value assets and short term leases as at 1 July 2019. Operating lease commitments were £312 million as at 30 June 2018.

 

The following standard, issued by the IASB has not been endorsed by the EU and has not been adopted by the group:

 

IFRS 17 - Insurance Contracts (effective in the year ending 30 June 2022) is ultimately intended to replace IFRS 4. Based on a preliminary assessment the group believes that the adoption of IFRS 17 will not have a significant impact on its consolidated results or financial position.

 

There are a number of other amendments and clarifications to IFRS, effective in future years, which are not expected to significantly impact the group's consolidated results or financial position.

 

The comparative figures for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 are not the company's statutory accounts for that financial year. Those accounts have been reported on by the company's auditor, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, and delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditor (i) was unqualified, (ii) did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying their report and (iii) did not contain a statement under section 498 (2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

 

2. Segmental information

 

The segmental information presented is consistent with management reporting provided to the Executive Committee (the chief operating decision maker). 

The Executive Committee considers the business principally from a geographical perspective based on the location of third party sales and the business analysis is presented by geographical segment. In addition to these geographical selling segments, a further segment reviewed by the Executive Committee is the International Supply Centre (ISC), which manufactures products for other group companies and includes the production sites in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy and Guatemala. 

Continuing operations also include the Corporate function. Corporate revenues and costs are in respect of central costs, including finance, marketing, corporate relations, human resources and legal, as well as certain information systems, facilities and employee costs that are not allocable to the geographical segments or to the ISC. They also include rents receivable and payable in respect of properties not used by the group in the manufacture, sale or distribution of premium drinks. 

Diageo uses shared services operations, including captive and outsourced centres, to deliver transaction processing activities for markets and operational entities. These centres are located in Hungary, Kenya, Colombia, the Philippines and India. The captive business service centre in Budapest also performs certain central finance activities, including elements of financial planning and reporting and treasury. The results of shared services operations are recharged to the regions.  

The segmental information for net sales and operating profit before exceptional items is reported at budgeted exchange rates in line with management reporting. For management reporting purposes the group measures the current period at, and restates the prior period net sales and operating profit to, the current year's budgeted exchange rates. These exchange rates are set prior to the financial year as part of the financial planning process and provide a consistent exchange rate to measure the performance of the business throughout the year. The adjustments required to retranslate the segmental information to actual exchange rates and to reconcile it to the group's reported results are shown in the tables below. The comparative segmental information, prior to retranslation, has not been restated at the current year's budgeted exchange rates but is presented at the budgeted rates for the year ended 30 June 2018. 

In addition, for management reporting purposes Diageo presents separately the result of acquisitions and disposals completed in the current and prior year from the results of the geographical segments. The impact of acquisitions and disposals on net sales and operating profit is disclosed under the appropriate geographical segments in the tables below at budgeted exchange rates. 

Six months ended

North America

Europe
and 
Turkey

Africa

Latin America and Caribbean

Asia
Pacific

ISC

Eliminate
inter- 
segment 
sales

Total
operating 
segments

Corporate
and other

Total

31 December 2018

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Sales

2,667

 

2,879

 

1,160

 

864

 

2,765

 

923

 

(923

)

10,335

 

28

 

10,363

 

Net sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At budgeted exchange rates(i)

2,108

 

1,629

 

784

 

648

 

1,379

 

980

 

(920

)

6,608

 

29

 

6,637

 

Acquisitions and disposals

68

 

1

 

1

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

71

 

-

 

71

 

ISC allocation

7

 

35

 

3

 

8

 

7

 

(60

)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Retranslation to actual
 exchange rates

173

 

(32

)

33

 

16

 

11

 

3

 

(3

)

201

 

(1

)

200

 

Net sales

2,356

 

1,633

 

821

 

672

 

1,398

 

923

 

(923

)

6,880

 

28

 

6,908

 

Operating profit/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At budgeted exchange rates(i)

953

 

581

 

143

 

221

 

385

 

88

 

-

 

2,371

 

(77

)

2,294

 

Acquisitions and disposals

40

 

1

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

42

 

-

 

42

 

ISC allocation

10

 

46

 

4

 

19

 

9

 

(88

)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Retranslation to actual
 exchange rates

98

 

(14

)

5

 

14

 

15

 

-

 

-

 

118

 

(3

)

115

 

Operating profit/(loss)
 before exceptional items

1,101

 

614

 

153

 

254

 

409

 

-

 

-

 

2,531

 

(80

)

2,451

 

Exceptional items

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(21

)

(21

)

Operating profit/(loss)

1,101

 

614

 

153

 

254

 

409

 

-

 

-

 

2,531

 

(101

)

2,430

 

Non-operating items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

146

 

Net finance charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(128

)

Share of after tax results of associates
 and joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

179

 

Profit before taxation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,627

 

 

Six months ended

North America

Europe
and 
Turkey

Africa

Latin America and Caribbean

Asia
Pacific

ISC

Eliminate
inter-
segment
sales

Total
operating
segments

Corporate
and other

Total

31 December 2017

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Sales

2,467

 

2,887

 

1,088

 

840

 

2,625

 

797

 

(797

)

9,907

 

27

 

9,934

 

Net sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At budgeted exchange rates(i)

2,151

 

1,521

 

753

 

629

 

1,306

 

827

 

(778

)

6,409

 

24

 

6,433

 

Acquisitions and disposals

20

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

20

 

-

 

20

 

ISC allocation

7

 

28

 

3

 

6

 

5

 

(49

)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Retranslation to actual
 exchange rates

5

 

50

 

18

 

14

 

(13

)

19

 

(19

)

74

 

3

 

77

 

Net sales

2,183

 

1,599

 

774

 

649

 

1,298

 

797

 

(797

)

6,503

 

27

 

6,530

 

Operating profit/(loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At budgeted exchange rates(i)

1,038

 

541

 

116

 

208

 

325

 

74

 

-

 

2,302

 

(89

)

2,213

 

Acquisitions and disposals

2

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

2

 

-

 

2

 

ISC allocation

10

 

43

 

3

 

10

 

8

 

(74

)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Retranslation to actual
 exchange rates

(23

)

15

 

1

 

-

 

(17

)

-

 

-

 

(24

)

(1

)

(25

)

Operating profit/(loss)

1,027

 

599

 

120

 

218

 

316

 

-

 

-

 

2,280

 

(90

)

2,190

 

Net finance charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(154

)

Share of after tax results of associates
 and joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

168

 

Profit before taxation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,204

 

 

(i) These items represent the IFRS 8 performance measures for the geographical and ISC segments.

 

 

(1) The net sales figures for ISC reported to the Executive Committee primarily comprise inter-segmental sales and these are eliminated in a separate column in the above segmental analysis. Apart from sales by the ISC segment to the other operating segments, inter-segmental sales are not material.

 

(2) The group's net finance charges are managed centrally and are not attributable to individual operating segments.

 

(3)  Approximately 40% of annual net sales occur in the last four months of each calendar year.

 

Weighted average exchange rates used in the translation of income statements were US dollar - £1 = $1.29 (2017 - £1 = $1.32) and euro - £1 = €1.12 (2017 - £1 = €1.12). Exchange rates used to translate assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date were US dollar - £1 = $1.27 (31 December 2017 - £1 = $1.35, 30 June 2018 - £1 = $1.32) and euro - £1 = €1.11 (31 December 2017 - £1 = €1.12, 30 June 2018 - £1 = €1.13). The group uses foreign exchange transaction hedges to mitigate the effect of exchange rate movements.

 

3. Exceptional items

 

Exceptional items are those which, in management's judgement, need to be disclosed separately by virtue of their size or nature in order for the user to obtain a proper understanding of the financial information. See Explanatory Notes (c) Exceptional items for the definition of exceptional items and the criteria used to determine whether an exceptional item is accounted for as operating or non-operating.

 

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

Items included in operating profit

 

 

 

GMP equalisation

(21

)

 

-

 

 

(21

)

 

 

Non-operating items (sale of businesses)

 

 

 

Portfolio of 19 brands

154

 

 

-

 

United National Breweries

(8

)

 

-

 

 

146

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional items before taxation

125

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

Items included in taxation

 

 

 

Tax on exceptional operating items

4

 

 

-

 

Tax on exceptional non-operating items

(34

)

 

-

 

Exceptional taxation

-

 

 

360

 

 

(30

)

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total exceptional items

95

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

Equity shareholders of the parent company

95

 

 

360

 

Non-controlling interests

-

 

 

-

 

Total exceptional items

95

 

 

360

 

 

Exceptional items included in operating profit are charged to other operating expenses.

 

 

4. Finance income and charges

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

Interest income

102

 

 

74

 

Fair value gain on financial instruments

59

 

 

29

 

Total interest income

161

 

 

103

 

Interest charges

(224

)

 

(208

)

Fair value loss on financial instruments

(57

)

 

(25

)

Total interest charges

(281

)

 

(233

)

Net interest charges

(120

)

 

(130

)

 

 

 

 

Net finance income in respect of post employment plans in surplus

14

 

 

4

 

Hyperinflation adjustment in respect of Venezuela (a)

6

 

 

6

 

Total other finance income

20

 

 

10

 

Net finance charge in respect of post employment plans in deficit

(12

)

 

(11

)

Unwinding of discounts

(8

)

 

(6

)

Interest in respect of tax

(5

)

 

-

 

Change in financial liability (Level 3)

(2

)

 

(16

)

Other finance charges

(1

)

 

(1

)

Total other finance charges

(28

)

 

(34

)

Net other finance charges

(8

)

 

(24

)

 

(a) Hyperinflation adjustment in respect of Venezuela

 

Venezuela is a hyper-inflationary economy where the government maintains a regime of strict currency controls with multiple foreign currency rate systems. Access to US dollars on these exchange systems is very limited. In March 2018 Venezuela's President ordered a re-denomination of the ailing bolivar currency. The so called "Bolívar Soberano" (Sovereign Bolivar) was introduced from 20 August 2018 when 100,000 "Bolívar Fuerte" (VEF) were redenominated as one Sovereign Bolivar. The foreign currency denominated transactions and balances of the group's Venezuelan operations are translated into the local functional currency (VES) at the rate they are expected to be settled, applying the most appropriate official exchange rate. For consolidation purposes, the group converts its Venezuelan operations using management's estimate of the exchange rate considering the inflation forecast and the most appropriate official exchange rate (DICOM). The exchange rate used to translate the results of the group's Venezuelan operations was VES/GBP 10,466 for the six months ended 31 December 2018 (2017 - VEF/GBP 63,450 -  VES/GBP 0.6345).

The following table presents the contribution of the group's Venezuelan operations to the consolidated income statement, cash flow statement and net assets for the six months ended 31 December 2018 and with the amounts that would have resulted if the DICOM exchange rate had been applied for consolidation.

 

At estimated exchange rate

At DICOM exchange rate

 

VES/GBP 10,466

VES/GBP 809

 

£ million

£ million

 

Net sales

-

 

1

 

Operating profit

-

 

-

 

Other finance income - hyperinflation adjustment

6

 

72

 

Net cash inflow from operating activities

-

 

1

 

Net assets

65

 

843

 

 

5. Taxation

 

For the six months ended 31 December 2018, the £560 million taxation charge (2017 - £77 million) comprises a UK tax charge of £134 million (2017 - £64 million) and a foreign tax charge of £426 million (2017 - £13 million). 

Exceptional items in the six months ended 31 December 2018 comprised a tax charge of £30 million in respect of the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac less a tax credit in respect of the equalisation of benefits in the Diageo Pension Scheme.

 

 

6. Inventories 

 

31 December 2018

 

30 June 2018

 

31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials and consumables

327

 

 

321

 

 

352

 

Work in progress

51

 

 

44

 

 

46

 

Maturing inventories

4,201

 

 

4,028

 

 

3,904

 

Finished goods and goods for resale

697

 

 

622

 

 

617

 

 

5,276

 

 

5,015

 

 

4,919

 

 

7. Net borrowings

 

31 December 2018

 

30 June 2018

 

31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings due within one year and bank overdrafts

(1,742

)

 

(1,828

)

 

(2,378

)

Borrowings due after one year

(10,272

)

 

(8,074

)

 

(7,647

)

Fair value of foreign currency forwards and swaps

195

 

 

107

 

 

82

 

Fair value of interest rate hedging instruments

20

 

 

(15

)

 

(10

)

Finance lease liabilities

(144

)

 

(155

)

 

(165

)

 

(11,943

)

 

(9,965

)

 

(10,118

)

Cash and cash equivalents

1,591

 

 

874

 

 

920

 

 

(10,352

)

 

(9,091

)

 

(9,198

)

 

8. Reconciliation of movement in net borrowings

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents before exchange

692

 

 

(203

)

Net increase in bonds and other borrowings

(1,974

)

 

(1,099

)

Net increase in net borrowings from cash flows

(1,282

)

 

(1,302

)

Exchange differences on net borrowings

(32

)

 

47

 

Other non-cash items

53

 

 

(51

)

Net borrowings at beginning of the period

(9,091

)

 

(7,892

)

Net borrowings at end of the period

(10,352

)

 

(9,198

)

 

In the six months ended 31 December 2018, the group issued bonds of €2,000 million (£1,754 million) under its European Debt Issuance Programme and in the comparable period the group issued bonds of €1,275 million (£1,136 million) and repaid bonds of $1,250 million (£948 million).

All bonds, medium-term notes and commercial paper issued by Diageo plc's 100% owned subsidiaries are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Diageo plc.

 

 

9. Financial instruments 

 

Fair value measurements of financial instruments are presented through the use of a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritises the valuation techniques used in fair value calculations. 

The group maintains policies and procedures to value instruments using the most relevant data available. If multiple inputs that fall into different levels of the hierarchy are used in the valuation of an instrument, the instrument is categorised on the basis of the most subjective input.

Foreign currency forwards and swaps, cross currency swaps and interest rate swaps are valued using discounted cash flow techniques. These techniques incorporate inputs at levels 1 and 2, such as foreign exchange rates and interest rates. These market inputs are used in the discounted cash flow calculation incorporating the instrument's term, notional amount and discount rate, and taking credit risk into account. As significant inputs to the valuation are observable in active markets, these instruments are categorised as level 2 in the hierarchy.

Other financial liabilities include a put option, which does not expire, held by Industrias Licoreras de Guatemala (ILG) to sell the remaining 50% equity stake in Rum Creations & Products Inc, the owner of the Zacapa rum brand, to Diageo. The liability is fair valued and as at 31 December 2018 an amount of £171 million (30 June 2018 - £164 million) is recognised as a liability with changes in fair value included in retained earnings. As the valuation of this option uses assumptions not observable in the market, it is categorised as level 3 in the hierarchy. As at 31 December 2018 because it is unknown when or if ILG will exercise the option the liability is measured as if the exercise date is on the last day of the current financial year considering forecast future performance (in prior years the potential liability also assumed a possible exercise date).

The option is sensitive to reasonably possible changes in assumptions. If the option were to be exercised as at 30 June 2020, the fair value of the liability would increase by approximately £20 million.

There were no significant changes in the measurement and valuation techniques, or significant transfers between the levels of the financial assets and liabilities in the six months ended 31 December 2018.

The group's financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value are categorised as follows:

 

 

31 December 2018

 

30 June 2018

 

31 December 2017

 

 

 

 

 

(restated(i))

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative assets

293

 

 

217

 

 

307

 

Derivative liabilities

(145

)

 

(123

)

 

(184

)

Valuation techniques based on observable market input (Level 2)

148

 

 

94

 

 

123

 

Other financial assets

91

 

 

89

 

 

72

 

Other financial liabilities

(171

)

 

(164

)

 

(219

)

Valuation techniques based on unobservable market input (Level 3)

(80

)

 

(75

)

 

(147

)

(i) Restated to include loans and advances to associates and third parties.

 

Finance lease liabilities were £144 million at 31 December 2018 (30 June 2018 - £155 million).

The carrying amount of the group's financial assets and liabilities are generally the same as their fair value apart from borrowings. At 31 December 2018 the fair value of gross borrowings (excluding finance lease liabilities, the financial liability in respect of the share buyback programme and the fair value of derivative instruments) was £12,409 million and the carrying value was £12,014 million (30 June 2018 - £10,304 million and £9,902 million, respectively).

 

10. Dividends and other reserves

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

£ million

 

£ million

Amounts recognised as distributions to equity
   shareholders in the period

 

 

 

Final dividend for the year ended 30 June 2018 of
   40.4 pence per share (2017 - 38.5 pence)

993

 

 

968

 

           

 

An interim dividend of 26.1 pence per share (2017 - 24.9 pence) was approved by the Board of Directors on 30 January 2019. As the approval was after the balance sheet date, it has not been included as a liability.

Other reserves of £2,341 million at 31 December 2018 (2017 - £2,362 million) include a capital redemption reserve of £3,176 million (2017 - £3,146 million), a hedging reserve of £83 million deficit (2017 - £11 million surplus) and an exchange reserve of £752 million deficit (2017 - £795 million deficit). Out of the £83 million hedging reserve deficit £22 million surplus (2017 - £24 million deficit) is attributable to cost of hedging reserve.

 

11. Acquisition of businesses and purchase of non-controlling interests

 

On 17 August 2018 Diageo completed the purchase of 20.29% of the share capital of Sichuan Shuijingfang Company Limited (SJF) for RMB 6,084 million (£696 million) and transaction costs of £7 million (£1 million of which had been paid by 31 December 2018). This took Diageo's shareholding in SJF from 39.71% to 60%. SJF was already controlled and therefore consolidated prior to the transaction.

On 28 September 2018 Diageo acquired the remaining 70% of Copper Dog Whisky Limited (CDWL) that it did not already own for an upfront valuation of £6.5 million and further earn-out payments based on CDWL achieving performance targets. The discounted current estimate for the earn-out payments is £10 million.

Other acquisitions include deferred consideration paid in respect of prior year acquisitions and additional investments in a number of Distill Venture associates.

 

12. Sale of businesses and brands

 

Cash consideration received and net assets disposed of in respect of sale of businesses and brands in the six months ended 31 December 2018, were in respect of the disposal of a portfolio of 19 brands to Sazerac on 20 December 2018:

 

 

 

 

£ million

 

Sale consideration

 

 

Cash received in period

419

 

 

Transaction costs payable

(17

)

 

Deferred consideration receivable

16

 

 

 

418

 

 

Net assets disposed of

 

 

Brands

(230

)

 

Goodwill

(12

)

 

Property, plant and equipment

(2

)

 

Investment in associates

(3

)

 

Inventories

(17

)

 

 

(264

)

 

Gain on disposal before taxation

154

 

 

Taxation

(34

)

 

Gain on disposal after taxation

120

 

 

 

Diageo completed the sale of a portfolio of 19 brands (see Explanatory Notes, Other definitions for the list of brands disposed of) to Sazerac on 20 December 2018 for an aggregate consideration of $550 million (£435 million). The net proceeds of approximately £340 million, after corporate tax and transaction costs, will be returned to shareholders through a share buyback programme to be completed by 30 June 2019, which is incremental to the previously announced programme.

Diageo will continue to provide manufacturing services for all disposed brands until December 2019 and for five brands up to December 2028.

In the six months ended 31 December 2018 these brands contributed net sales of £67 million (2017 - £81 million), operating profit of £43 million (2017 - £52 million) and profit after taxation of £34 million (2017 - £41 million).

The disposal of United National Breweries (UNB), Diageo's wholly owned sorghum business in South Africa, was agreed in December 2018 for a gross consideration, subject to adjustments, of ZAR 731 million (£40 million). The assets and liabilities of UNB have been transferred to assets and liabilities held for sale respectively and the prospective sale has resulted in an exceptional loss of approximately £8 million. The disposal is expected to be completed in the second half of the year ending 30 June 2019, subject to receipt of regulatory approvals.

 

 

13. Contingent liabilities and legal proceedings

 

(a) Guarantees and related matters

As of 31 December 2018, the group has no material unprovided guarantees or indemnities in respect of liabilities of third parties.

 

(b) Acquisition of USL shares from UBHL, winding-up petitions against UBHL and other proceedings in relation to the USL transaction

On 4 July 2013, Diageo completed its acquisition, under a share purchase agreement with United Breweries (Holdings) Limited (UBHL) and various other sellers (the SPA), of 21,767,749 shares (14.98%) in United Spirits Limited (USL) for a total consideration of INR 31.3 billion (£349 million), including 10,141,437 shares (6.98%) from UBHL. The SPA was signed on 9 November 2012 and was part of the transaction announced by Diageo in relation to USL on that day (the Original USL Transaction). Through a series of further transactions, as of 2 July 2014, Diageo had a 54.78% investment in USL (excluding 2.38% owned by the USL Benefit Trust).

Prior to the acquisition from UBHL on 4 July 2013, the High Court of Karnataka (High Court) had granted leave to UBHL under sections 536 and 537 of the Indian Companies Act 1956 (the Leave Order) to enable the sale by UBHL to Diageo to take place (the UBHL Share Sale) notwithstanding the continued existence of five winding-up petitions that were pending against UBHL on 9 November 2012, being the date of the SPA. Additional winding-up petitions have been brought against UBHL since 9 November 2012, and the Leave Order did not extend to them. At the time of the completion of the UBHL Share Sale, the Leave Order remained subject to review on appeal. However, as stated by Diageo at the time of closing on 4 July 2013, it was considered unlikely that any appeal process in respect of the Leave Order would definitively conclude on a timely basis and, accordingly, Diageo waived the conditionality under the SPA relating to the absence of insolvency proceedings in relation to UBHL and acquired the 10,141,437 USL shares from UBHL at that time.

Following closing of the UBHL Share Sale, appeals were filed by various petitioners in respect of the Leave Order. On 20 December 2013, the division bench of the High Court set aside the Leave Order (the December 2013 Order). Following the December 2013 Order, Diageo filed special leave petitions (SLPs) in the Supreme Court of India against the December 2013 Order.

On 10 February 2014, the Supreme Court of India issued an order giving notice in respect of the SLPs and ordering that the status quo be maintained with regard to the UBHL Share Sale pending a hearing on the matter in the Supreme Court. Following a number of adjournments, the next date for a substantive hearing of the SLPs (in respect of which leave has since been granted and which have been converted to civil appeals) is yet to be fixed.

In separate proceedings, the High Court passed a winding-up order against UBHL on 7 February 2017. On 4 March 2017, UBHL appealed against this order before a division bench of the High Court. This appeal is currently pending. Diageo continues to believe that the acquisition price of INR 1,440 per share paid to UBHL for the USL shares is fair and reasonable as regards UBHL, UBHL's shareholders and UBHL's secured and unsecured creditors. However, adverse results for Diageo in the proceedings referred to above could, absent leave or relief in other proceedings, ultimately result in Diageo losing title to the 10,141,437 USL shares acquired from UBHL. Diageo believes it would remain in control of USL and be able to consolidate USL as a subsidiary regardless of the outcome of this litigation. There can be no certainty as to the outcome of the existing or any further related legal proceedings or the timeframe within which they would be concluded.

Diageo also has the benefit of certain contractual undertakings and commitments from the relevant sellers in relation to potential challenges to its unencumbered title to the USL shares acquired on 4 July 2013, including relating to the winding-up petitions described above and/or certain losses and costs that may be incurred in the event of third party actions relating to the acquisition of the USL shares.

(c) Continuing matters relating to the resignation of Dr Vijay Mallya from USL and USL internal inquiries

On 25 February 2016, Diageo and USL each announced that they had entered into arrangements with Dr Mallya under which he had agreed to resign from his position as a director and as chairman of USL and from his positions in USL's subsidiaries. As specified by Diageo in its announcement at that time, these arrangements ended its prior agreement with Dr Mallya regarding his position at USL, therefore bringing to an end the uncertainty relating to the governance of USL, and put in place a five-year global non-compete (excluding the United Kingdom), non-interference, non-solicitation and standstill arrangement with Dr Mallya. As part of those arrangements, USL, Diageo and Dr Mallya agreed a mutual release in relation to matters arising out of an inquiry into certain matters referred to in USL's financial statements and the qualified auditor's report for the year ended 31 March 2014 (the Initial Inquiry) which had revealed, among other things, certain diversions of USL funds. Dr Mallya also agreed not to pursue any claims against Diageo, USL and their affiliates (including under the prior agreement with Diageo). In evaluating entering into such arrangements, Diageo considered the impact of the arrangements on USL and all of USL's shareholders, and came to the view that the arrangements were in the best interests of USL and its shareholders.

Diageo's agreement with Dr Mallya (the February 2016 Agreement) provided for a payment of $75 million (£53 million) to Dr Mallya over a five year period in consideration for the five-year global non-compete, non-interference, non-solicitation and standstill commitments referred to above, his resignation from USL and the termination of his USL-related appointment and governance rights, the relinquishing of rights and benefits attached to his position at USL, and his agreement not to pursue claims against Diageo and USL. The February 2016 Agreement also provided for the release of Dr Mallya's personal obligations to indemnify (i) Diageo Holdings Netherlands B.V. (DHN) in respect of its earlier liability ($141 million (£96 million)) under a backstop guarantee of certain borrowings of Watson Limited (Watson) (a company affiliated with Dr Mallya), and (ii) Diageo Finance plc in respect of its earlier liability (£30 million) under a guarantee of certain borrowings of United Breweries Overseas Limited. $40 million (£28 million) of the $75 million (£53 million) amount was paid on signing of the February 2016 Agreement with the balance being payable in equal instalments of $7 million (£5 million) a year over five years, subject to and conditional on Dr Mallya's compliance with certain terms of the agreement. While the first two instalments of $7 million (£5 million) each would have become due on 25 February 2017 and 25 February 2018, respectively, owing to various reasons (including breaches committed by Dr Mallya and certain persons connected with him of several provisions of the February 2016 Agreement and agreements of the same date between Dr Mallya and USL), Diageo believes that it was not liable to pay such amount, and is very unlikely to become liable to pay any future instalments, to Dr Mallya. By notice to Dr Mallya and certain persons connected with him on 24 February 2017, 3 November 2017, 23 February 2018 and 22 August 2018, Diageo and other group companies have demanded from Dr Mallya the repayment of $40 million (£28 million) which was paid by Diageo on 25 February 2016, and also sought compensation from him for various losses incurred by the relevant members of the Diageo group on account of the breaches committed by him and certain persons connected with him. On 16 November 2017, Diageo and other relevant members of the Diageo group commenced claims in the High Court of Justice in England and Wales (the English High Court) against Dr Mallya in relation to certain of the matters specified in those notices. At the same time DHN also commenced claims in the English High Court against Dr Mallya, his son Sidhartha Mallya and two companies affiliated with Dr Mallya (Watson and Continental Administration Services Limited (CASL)) for in excess of $142 million (£105 million) (plus interest) in relation to Watson's liability to DHN in respect of its borrowings referred to above and the breach of associated security documents. These additional claims are described in paragraph (d) below. Dr Mallya, Sidhartha Mallya and the relevant affiliated companies filed a defence to such claims and the additional claims on 12 March 2018, and Dr Mallya also filed a counterclaim for payment of the two $7 million (£5 million) instalment payments withheld by Diageo as described above. Diageo and the other relevant members of its group filed a reply to that defence and a defence to the counter-claim on 5 September 2018.  Diageo intends to continue to prosecute its claims and to defend the counterclaims and, on 18 December 2018, Diageo and the other relevant members of its group filed an application for strike out and/or summary judgment in respect of certain aspects of their defence, including their defence in relation to Watson and CASL's liability to repay DHN.

As previously announced by USL, the Initial Inquiry identified certain additional parties and matters indicating the possible existence of other improper transactions. These transactions could not be fully analysed during the Initial Inquiry and, accordingly, USL, as previously announced, mandated that its Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer conduct a further inquiry into the transactions involving the additional parties and the additional matters to determine whether they also suffered from improprieties (the Additional Inquiry). USL announced the results of the Additional Inquiry in a notice to the Indian Stock Exchange dated 9 July 2016. The mutual release in relation to the Initial Inquiry agreed by Diageo and USL with Dr Mallya announced on 25 February 2016 does not extend to matters arising out of the Additional Inquiry.

As stated in USL's previous announcement, the Additional Inquiry revealed further instances of actual or potential fund diversions from USL and its Indian and overseas subsidiaries to, in most cases, Indian and overseas entities in which Dr Mallya appears to have a material direct or indirect interest, as well as other potentially improper transactions involving USL and its Indian and overseas subsidiaries.

In connection with the matters identified by the Additional Inquiry, USL has, pursuant to a detailed review of each case of such fund diversion and after obtaining expert legal advice, where appropriate, filed civil suits for recovery of funds from certain parties, including Dr Mallya, before the relevant courts in India.

The amounts identified in the Additional Inquiry have been previously provided for or expensed in the financial statements of USL or its subsidiaries for prior periods. Further, at this stage, it is not possible for the management of USL to estimate the financial impact on USL, if any, arising out of potential non-compliance with applicable laws in relation to such fund diversions.

 

(d) Other continuing matters relating to Dr Mallya and affiliates

DHN issued a conditional backstop guarantee on 2 August 2013 to Standard Chartered Bank (Standard Chartered) pursuant to a guarantee commitment agreement (the Guarantee Agreement). The guarantee was in respect of the liabilities of Watson, a company affiliated with Dr Mallya, under a $135 million (£92 million) facility from Standard Chartered (the Facility Agreement). The Guarantee Agreement was entered into as part of the arrangements put in place and announced at the closing of the USL transaction on 4 July 2013.

DHN's provision of the Guarantee Agreement enabled the refinancing of certain existing borrowings of Watson from a third party bank and facilitated the release by that bank of rights over certain USL shares that were to be acquired by Diageo as part of the USL transaction. The facility matured and entered into default in May 2015. In aggregate DHN paid Standard Chartered $141 million (£96 million) under this guarantee, i.e. including payments of default interest and various fees and expenses.

Watson remains liable for all amounts paid by DHN under the guarantee. Under the guarantee documentation with Standard Chartered, DHN is entitled to the benefit of the underlying security package for the loan, including: (a) certain shares in United Breweries Limited (UBL) held solely by Dr Mallya and certain other shares in UBL held by Dr Mallya jointly with his son Sidhartha Mallya, and (b) the shareholding in Watson.

Aspects of the security package are the subject of various proceedings in India in which third parties are alleging and asserting prior rights to certain assets comprised in the security package or otherwise seeking to restrain enforcement against certain assets by Standard Chartered and/or DHN. These proceedings are ongoing and DHN will continue to vigorously pursue these matters as part of its efforts for enforcement of the underlying security and recovery of outstanding amounts. Diageo believes that the existence of any prior rights or dispute in relation to the security would be in breach of representations and warranties given by Dr Mallya to Standard Chartered at the time the security was granted and further believes that certain actions taken by Dr Mallya in relation to the proceedings described above also breached his obligations to Standard Chartered. In addition to these third party proceedings, Dr Mallya is also subject to proceedings in India under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act and the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act in which the relevant Indian authority, the Directorate of Enforcement, is seeking confiscation of the UBL shares which were provided as security for Watson's liabilities. DHN is participating in these proceedings in order to protect its security interest in respect of the UBL shares.

Under the terms of the guarantee and as a matter of law, there are arrangements to pass on to DHN the benefit of the security package upon payment under the guarantee of all amounts owed to Standard Chartered. Payment under the guarantee has now occurred as described above. To the extent possible in the context of the proceedings described above, Standard Chartered has taken certain recovery steps and is working with DHN in relation to these proceedings. DHN is actively monitoring the security package and is discussing with Standard Chartered steps to continue enforcement against the background of the proceedings described above, as well as enforcement steps in relation to elements of the security package that are unaffected by those proceedings. DHN's ability to assume or enforce security over some elements of the security package is also subject to regulatory consent. It is not at this stage possible to determine whether such consent would be forthcoming.  In addition to the Indian proceedings just described, certain of the assets comprised in the security package may also be affected by a worldwide freezing order of the English High Court granted on 24 November 2017 and continued on 8 December 2017 and 8 May 2018 in respect of the assets of Dr Mallya.

The agreement with Dr Mallya referenced in paragraph (c) above does not impact the security package. Watson remains liable for all amounts paid pursuant to the guarantee and DHN has the benefit of a counter-indemnity from Watson in respect of payments in connection with the guarantee. The various security providers, including Dr Mallya and Watson, acknowledged in the February 2016 Agreement referred to in paragraph (c) above that DHN is entitled to the benefit of the security package underlying the Standard Chartered facility and have also undertaken to take all necessary actions in that regard. Further, Diageo believes that the existence of any prior rights or disputes in relation to the security package would be in breach of certain confirmations given to Diageo and DHN pursuant to that agreement by Dr Mallya, Watson and certain connected persons.

On 16 November 2017, DHN commenced various claims in the English High Court for, in aggregate, in excess of $142 million (£105 million) (plus interest) in relation to these matters, including the following: (i) a claim against Watson for $141 million (£96 million) (plus interest) under Watson's counter-indemnity to DHN in respect of payments made by DHN to Standard Chartered under the guarantee referred to above; (ii) a claim against Dr Mallya and Sidhartha Mallya under various agreements creating or relating to the security package referred to above for (a) the costs incurred to date in the various Indian proceedings referred to above (plus interest), and (b) damages of $141 million (£96 million), being DHN's loss as a result of those Indian proceedings which currently prevent enforcement of the security over shares in UBL (plus interest); and (iii) a claim against CASL, as a co-surety with DHN of Watson's obligations under the Facility Agreement, for 50% of the difference between the amount claimed under (i) above and the amount (if any) that DHN is in fact able to recover from Watson, Dr Mallya and/or Sidhartha Mallya. As noted in paragraph (c), Dr Mallya, Sidhartha Mallya and the relevant affiliated companies filed a defence to these claims on 12 March 2018. Diageo and the other relevant members of its group filed a reply to that defence on 5 September 2018.  As stated in paragraph (c), DHN and Diageo intends to continue to prosecute these claims and, on 18 December 2018, Diageo and the other relevant members of its group filed an application for strike out and/or summary judgment in respect of certain aspects of the defence filed by Dr Mallya, Sidhartha Mallya and the relevant affiliated companies, including in respect of Watson and CASL's liability to repay DHN. That application is listed for hearing on 23 May 2019.

 

(e) Other matters in relation to USL

Following USL's earlier updates concerning the Initial Inquiry as well as in relation to the arrangements with Dr Mallya that were the subject of the 25 February 2016 announcement, USL and Diageo have received various notices from Indian regulatory authorities, including the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Enforcement Directorate and Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Diageo and USL are cooperating fully with the authorities in relation to these matters. Diageo and USL have also received notices from SEBI requesting information in relation to, and explanation of the reasons for, the arrangements with Dr Mallya that were the subject of the 25 February 2016 announcement as well as, in the case of USL, in relation to the Initial Inquiry and the Additional Inquiry, and, in the case of Diageo, whether such arrangements with Dr Mallya or the Watson backstop guarantee arrangements referred to in paragraphs (c) and (d) above were part of agreements previously made with Dr Mallya at the time of the Original USL Transaction announced on 9 November 2012 and the open offer made as part of the Original USL Transaction. Diageo and USL have complied with such information requests and Diageo has confirmed that, consistent with prior disclosures, the Watson backstop guarantee arrangements and the matters described in the 25 February 2016 announcement were not the subject of any earlier agreement with Dr Mallya. In respect of the Watson backstop guarantee arrangements, SEBI issued a further notice to Diageo on 16 June 2016 that if there is any net liability incurred by Diageo (after any recovery under relevant security or other arrangements, which matters remain pending) on account of the Watson backstop guarantee, such liability, if any, would be considered to be part of the price paid for the acquisition of USL shares under the SPA which formed part of the Original USL Transaction and that, in that case, additional equivalent payments would be required to be made to those shareholders (representing 0.04% of the shares in USL) who tendered in the open offer made as part of the Original USL Transaction. Diageo is clear that the Watson backstop guarantee arrangements were not part of the price paid or agreed to be paid for any USL shares under the Original USL Transaction and therefore believes the decision in the SEBI notice to be misconceived and wrong in law and appealed against it before the Securities Appellate Tribunal, Mumbai (SAT). On 1 November 2017, SAT issued an order in respect of Diageo's appeal in which, amongst other things, it observed that the relevant officer at SEBI had neither considered Diageo's earlier reply nor provided Diageo with an opportunity to be heard, and accordingly directed SEBI to pass a fresh order after giving Diageo an opportunity to be heard. Following SAT's order, Diageo has made its further submissions in the matter, including at a personal hearing before a Deputy General Manager of SEBI.

Diageo is unable to assess if the notices or enquiries referred to above will result in enforcement action or, if this were to transpire, to quantify meaningfully the possible loss or range of loss, if any, to which any such action might give rise if determined against Diageo or USL.

In relation to the matters described in the 25 February 2016 announcement, Diageo had also responded to a show cause notice dated 12 May 2017 from SEBI arising out of the previous correspondence in this regard and made its further submissions in the matter, including at a personal hearing before a Whole Time Member of SEBI. On 6 September 2018, SEBI issued an order holding that Diageo had acquired sole control of USL following its earlier open offers, and that no fresh open offer was triggered by Diageo.

 

(f) USL inventory review

As announced in USL's results for the quarter ended 31 December 2018, USL recently learned of potential differences in inventory of certain categories of work in progress and related processes in certain plants in India.  USL are undertaking a review and will take appropriate steps to understand and address any issues.  At this stage, USL is unable to determine the related financial impact, if any, arising from such potential differences.

 

(g) SEC Inquiry

Diageo has received requests for information from the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regarding its distribution in and public disclosures regarding the United States and its distribution in certain other Diageo markets as well as additional context about the Diageo group globally. Diageo is currently responding to the SEC's requests for information in this matter. Diageo is unable to assess if the inquiry will evolve into further information requests or an enforcement action or, if this were to transpire, to quantify meaningfully the possible loss or range of loss, if any, to which any such action might give rise.

 

(h) Tax

The international tax environment has seen increased scrutiny and rapid change over recent years bringing with it greater uncertainty for multinationals. Against this backdrop, Diageo has been monitoring developments and continues to engage transparently with the tax authorities in the countries where Diageo operates to ensure that the group manages its arrangements on a sustainable basis.

In October 2017, the European Commission opened a state aid investigation into the Group Financing Exemption in the UK controlled foreign company rules. The Group Financing Exemption was introduced in legislation by the UK government in 2013. In common with other UK-based international companies whose arrangements are in line with current UK CFC legislation, Diageo may be affected by the outcome of this investigation. Diageo is monitoring developments. If the preliminary findings of the European Commission's investigation into the UK legislation are upheld, Diageo calculates its maximum potential liability to be approximately £278 million. Based on its current assessment, Diageo believes that no provision is required in respect of this issue.

Diageo has also been in discussions with the French Tax Authorities over the deductibility of certain interest costs. As previously reported, the French Tax Authorities have issued assessments denying tax relief for interest costs incurred in the periods ended 30 June 2011 to 30 June 2017. Diageo believes that the interest costs are deductible and accordingly is challenging the assessments from the French Tax Authorities. Including interest and penalties, the exposure for the periods ended 30 June 2011 to 31 December 2018 is approximately €241 million (£214 million). Based on its current assessment, Diageo believes that no provision is required in respect of this issue.

The group operates in a large number of markets with complex tax and legislative regimes that are open to subjective interpretation. As assessing an accurate value of contingent liabilities in these markets requires a high level of judgment, contingent liabilities are disclosed on the basis of the current known possible exposure from tax assessment values. 

 Diageo has reviewed its disclosures in relation to Brazil and India, where Diageo has a large number of ongoing tax cases. While these cases are not individually significant, the current assessment of the aggregate possible exposures is up to approximately £260 million for Brazil and up to approximately £130 million for India. The group believes that the likelihood that the tax authorities will ultimately prevail is lower than probable but higher than remote. Due to the fiscal environment in Brazil and in India the possibility of further tax assessments related to the same matters cannot be ruled out. Based on its current assessment, Diageo believes that no provision is required in respect of these issues.

 

(i) Other

The group has extensive international operations and is a defendant in a number of legal, customs and tax proceedings incidental to these operations, the outcome of which cannot at present be foreseen. In particular, the group is currently a defendant in various customs proceedings that challenge the declared customs value of products imported by certain Diageo companies. Diageo continues to defend its position vigorously in these proceedings.

Save as disclosed above, neither Diageo, nor any member of the Diageo group, is or has been engaged in, nor (so far as Diageo is aware) is there pending or threatened by or against it, any legal or arbitration proceedings which may have a significant effect on the financial position of the Diageo group.

 

14. Related party transactions

 

The group's significant related parties are its associates, joint ventures, key management personnel and pension plans. There have been no transactions with these related parties during the six months ended 31 December 2018 on terms other than those that prevail in arm's length transactions.

 

15. Post balance sheet events

 

On 30 January 2019 the Board approved an incremental share buyback programme of £660 million, bringing the total programme up to £3.0 billion for the year ending 30 June 2019.

 

 

INDEPENDENT REVIEW REPORT TO DIAGEO PLC

 

Report on the condensed set of financial statements

Our conclusion

We have reviewed Diageo plc's condensed set of financial statements (the "interim financial statements") in the interim results of Diageo plc for the six month period ended 31 December 2018. Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the interim financial statements are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting', as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

What we have reviewed

The interim financial statements comprise:

 

•     the condensed consolidated balance sheet as at 31 December 2018;

•    the condensed consolidated income statement and condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the period then ended;

•     the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the period then ended;

•     the condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity for the period then ended; and

•     the explanatory notes to the interim financial statements.

 

The interim financial statements included in the interim results have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting', as adopted by the European Union and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

 

As disclosed in note 1 to the interim financial statements, the financial reporting framework that has been applied in the preparation of the full annual financial statements of the Group is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and as adopted by the European Union.

 

Responsibilities for the interim financial statements and the review

Our responsibilities and those of the directors

The interim results, including the interim financial statements, is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the directors. The directors are responsible for preparing the interim results in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Our responsibility is to express a conclusion on the interim financial statements in the interim results based on our review. This report, including the conclusion, has been prepared for and only for the company for the purpose of complying with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules sourcebook of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority and for no other purpose.  We do not, in giving this conclusion, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.

 

What a review of interim financial statements involves

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements (UK and Ireland) 2410, 'Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity' issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures.

A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and, consequently, does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

We have read the other information contained in the interim results report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the interim financial statements.

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Chartered Accountants

London

30 January 2019

 

 

a)   The maintenance and integrity of the Diageo plc website is the responsibility of the directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the interim financial statements since they were initially presented on the website.

b)   Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR SHAREHOLDERS

 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTES

 

 

Comparisons are to the six months ended 31 December 2017 (2017) unless otherwise stated. Unless otherwise stated, percentage movements given throughout this announcement for volume, sales, net sales, marketing spend, operating profit and operating margin are organic movements after retranslating prior period reported numbers at current period exchange rates and after adjusting for the effect of operating exceptional items and acquisitions and disposals.

 

This announcement contains forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainty. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, including factors beyond Diageo's control. Please refer to Risk Factors - 'Cautionary statement concerning forward-looking statements' for more details.

 

This announcement includes names of Diageo's products which constitute trademarks or trade names which Diageo owns or which others own and license to Diageo for use.

 

Definitions and reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to GAAP measures

 

Diageo's strategic planning process is based on the following non-GAAP measures. They are chosen for planning and reporting, and some of them are used for incentive purposes. The group's management believes these measures provide valuable additional information for users of the financial statements in understanding the group's performance. These non-GAAP measures should be viewed as complementary to, and not replacements for, the comparable GAAP measures and reported movements therein.

 

It is not possible to reconcile the forecast tax rate before exceptional items and forecast organic operating margin improvement to the most comparable GAAP measures as it is not possible to predict, with reasonable certainty, the future impact of changes in exchange rates, acquisitions and disposals and potential exceptional items.

 

Volume

Volume is a non-GAAP measure that is measured on an equivalent units basis to nine-litre cases of spirits. An equivalent unit represents one nine-litre case of spirits, which is approximately 272 servings. A serving comprises 33ml of spirits, 165ml of wine, or 330ml of ready to drink or beer. Therefore, to convert volume of products other than spirits to equivalent units, the following guide has been used: beer in hectolitres, divide by 0.9; wine in nine-litre cases, divide by five; ready to drink in nine-litre cases, divide by 10; and certain pre-mixed products that are classified as ready to drink in nine-litre cases, divide by ten.

 

Organic movements

In the discussion of the performance of the business, 'organic' information is presented using pounds sterling amounts on a constant currency basis excluding the impact of exceptional items and acquisitions and disposals. Organic measures enable users to focus on the performance of the business which is common to both periods and which represents those measures that local managers are most directly able to influence.

 

Calculation of organic movements

The organic movement percentage is the amount in the row titled 'Organic movement' in the tables below, expressed as a percentage of the amount in the row titled '2017 adjusted'. Organic operating margin is calculated by dividing operating profit before exceptional items by net sales after excluding the impact of exchange rate movements and acquisitions and disposals.

 

(a) Exchange rates

'Exchange' in the organic movement calculation reflects the adjustment to recalculate the prior period results as if they had been generated at the current period's exchange rates.

Exchange impacts in respect of the external hedging of intergroup sales of products and the intergroup recharging of third party services are allocated to the geographical segment to which they relate. Residual exchange impacts are reported in Corporate.

 

(b) Acquisitions and disposals

For acquisitions in the current period, the post acquisition results are excluded from the organic movement calculations. For acquisitions in the prior period, post acquisition results are included in full in the prior period but are included in the organic movement calculation from the anniversary of the acquisition date in the current period. The acquisition row also eliminates the impact of transaction costs that have been charged to operating profit in the current or prior period in respect of acquisitions that, in management's judgement, are expected to be completed.

Where a business, brand, brand distribution right or agency agreement was disposed of, or terminated, in the period up to the date of the external results announcement, the group, in the organic movement calculations, excludes the results for that business from the current and prior period. In the calculation of operating profit, the overheads included in disposals are only those directly attributable to the businesses disposed of, and do not result from subjective judgements of management.

 

(c) Exceptional items

Exceptional items are those which, in management's judgement, need to be disclosed by virtue of their size or nature. Such items are included within the income statement caption to which they relate, and are separately disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements, and are excluded from the organic movement calculations.

Exceptional operating items are those that are considered to be material and are part of the operating activities of the group such as impairments of fixed assets, duty settlements, property disposals and changes in post employment plans.

Gains and losses on the sale of businesses, brands or distribution rights, step up gains and losses that arise when an investment becomes an associate or an associate becomes a subsidiary and other material, unusual non-recurring items, that are not in respect of the production, marketing and distribution of premium drinks, are disclosed as non-operating exceptional items below operating profit in the consolidated income statement.

It is believed that separate disclosure of exceptional items and the classification between operating and non-operating further helps investors to understand the performance of the group.

 

Organic movement calculations for the six months ended 31 December 2018 were as follows:

 

 

 

North America
million

 

Europe
and 
Turkey
million

 

Africa
million

 

Latin America
and Caribbean
million

 

Asia
Pacific
million

 

Corporate
million

 

Total
million

Volume (equivalent units)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 reported

 

25.2

 

 

25.2

 

 

17.4

 

 

12.5

 

 

46.1

 

 

-

 

 

126.4

 

Reclassification(ii)

 

-

 

 

0.2

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(0.2

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

Disposals(iii)

 

(1.5

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(0.1

)

 

-

 

 

(1.6

)

2017 adjusted

 

23.7

 

 

25.4

 

 

17.4

 

 

12.5

 

 

45.8

 

 

-

 

 

124.8

 

Disposals(iii)

 

1.3

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1.3

 

Organic movement

 

0.6

 

 

0.3

 

 

0.2

 

 

(0.1

)

 

3.4

 

 

-

 

 

4.4

 

2018 reported

 

25.6

 

 

25.7

 

 

17.6

 

 

12.4

 

 

49.2

 

 

-

 

 

130.5

 

Organic movement %

 

3

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

(1

)

 

7

 

 

-

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America
£ million

 

Europe
and 
Turkey
£ million

 

Africa
£ million

 

Latin America
and Caribbean
£ million

 

Asia
Pacific
£ million

 

Corporate
£ million

 

Total
£ million

Sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 reported

 

2,467

 

 

2,887

 

 

1,088

 

 

840

 

 

2,625

 

 

27

 

 

9,934

 

Exchange(i)

 

52

 

 

(193

)

 

(1

)

 

(47

)

 

(125

)

 

-

 

 

(314

)

Reclassification(ii)

 

1

 

 

12

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(13

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

Disposals(iii)

 

(97

)

 

(4

)

 

(3

)

 

-

 

 

(9

)

 

-

 

 

(113

)

2017 adjusted

 

2,423

 

 

2,702

 

 

1,084

 

 

793

 

 

2,478

 

 

27

 

 

9,507

 

Acquisitions and disposals(iii)

 

93

 

 

3

 

 

2

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

100

 

Organic movement

 

151

 

 

174

 

 

74

 

 

70

 

 

286

 

 

1

 

 

756

 

2018 reported

 

2,667

 

 

2,879

 

 

1,160

 

 

864

 

 

2,765

 

 

28

 

 

10,363

 

Organic movement %

 

6

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

9

 

 

12

 

 

4

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America
£ million

 

Europe
and 
Turkey
£ million

 

Africa
£ million

 

Latin America
and Caribbean
£ million

 

Asia
Pacific
£ million

 

Corporate
£ million

 

Total
£ million

Net sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 reported

 

2,183

 

 

1,599

 

 

774

 

 

649

 

 

1,298

 

 

27

 

 

6,530

 

Exchange(i)

 

44

 

 

(60

)

 

(1

)

 

(35

)

 

(39

)

 

-

 

 

(91

)

Reclassification(ii)

 

1

 

 

12

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(13

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

Disposals(iii)

 

(75

)

 

(2

)

 

(2

)

 

-

 

 

(5

)

 

-

 

 

(84

)

2017 adjusted

 

2,153

 

 

1,549

 

 

771

 

 

614

 

 

1,241

 

 

27

 

 

6,355

 

Acquisitions and disposals(iii)

 

73

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

77

 

Organic movement

 

130

 

 

83

 

 

49

 

 

57

 

 

156

 

 

1

 

 

476

 

2018 reported

 

2,356

 

 

1,633

 

 

821

 

 

672

 

 

1,398

 

 

28

 

 

6,908

 

Organic movement %

 

6

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

9

 

 

13

 

 

4

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 reported

 

338

 

 

246

 

 

83

 

 

109

 

 

188

 

 

4

 

 

968

 

Exchange(i)

 

10

 

 

(7

)

 

3

 

 

(6

)

 

(4

)

 

-

 

 

(4

)

Reclassification(ii)

 

 

(1

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Disposals(iii)

 

(1

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(1

)

2017 adjusted

 

346

 

 

239

 

 

86

 

 

104

 

 

184

 

 

4

 

 

963

 

Acquisitions(iii)

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1

 

Organic movement

 

36

 

 

21

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

24

 

 

(2

)

 

90

 

2018 reported

 

383

 

 

260

 

 

91

 

 

110

 

 

208

 

 

2

 

 

1,054

 

Organic movement %

 

10

 

 

9

 

 

6

 

 

6

 

 

13

 

 

(50

)

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 reported

 

1,027

 

 

599

 

 

120

 

 

218

 

 

316

 

 

(90

)

 

2,190

 

Exchange(i)

 

39

 

 

(25

)

 

(2

)

 

(7

)

 

(3

)

 

(2

)

 

-

 

Reclassification(ii)

 

1

 

 

9

 

 

-

 

 

(1

)

 

(9

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

Acquisitions and disposals(iii)

 

(46

)

 

(1

)

 

(1

)

 

-

 

 

(1

)

 

-

 

 

(49

)

2017 adjusted

 

1,021

 

 

582

 

 

117

 

 

210

 

 

303

 

 

(92

)

 

2,141

 

Acquisitions and disposals(iii)

 

44

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

46

 

Organic movement

 

36

 

 

31

 

 

35

 

 

44

 

 

106

 

 

12

 

 

264

 

2018 reported

 

1,101

 

 

614

 

 

153

 

 

254

 

 

409

 

 

(80

)

 

2,451

 

Organic movement %

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

30

 

 

21

 

 

35

 

 

13

 

 

12

 

Organic operating margin %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

46.3

%

 

37.6

%

 

18.5

%

 

37.9

%

 

29.3

%

 

n/a

 

35.2

%

2017

 

47.4

%

 

37.6

%

 

15.2

%

 

34.2

%

 

24.4

%

 

n/a

 

33.7

%

Margin improvement/(decline) (bps)

 

(112

)

 

(1

)

 

336

 

 

365

 

 

486

 

 

n/a

 

152

 

 

(1)   For the reconciliation of sales to net sales see Additional Financial Information, Summary Income Statement.

(2)   Percentages and margin improvement are calculated on rounded figures.

 

Notes: Information in respect of the organic movement calculations

(i)   The impact of movements in exchange rates on reported figures is principally in respect of strengthening of sterling against the Turkish lira, the Brazilian real, the Indian rupee, the Australian dollar and the Russian rouble partially offset by weakening of sterling against the US dollar.

(ii)  In the year ended 30 June 2018 part of the results of the Travel Retail operations were reclassified to the geographical regions to better reflect the region in which the sale to the customer is made. The information for the six months ended 31 December 2017 has not been restated as the amounts involved are not material.

(iii)  In the six months ended 31 December 2018 the acquisitions and disposals that affected volume, sales, net sales, marketing and operating profit were as follows:

 

Volume

 

Sales

 

Net sales

 

Marketing

 

Operating
profit

 

equ. units million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

 

£ million

Six months ended 31 December 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transaction costs

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

4

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portfolio of 19 brands

(1.5

)

 

(106

)

 

(81

)

 

(1

)

 

(52

)

Nepal

(0.1

)

 

(7

)

 

(3

)

 

-

 

 

(1

)

 

(1.6

)

 

(113

)

 

(84

)

 

(1

)

 

(53

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions and disposals

(1.6

)

 

(113

)

 

(84

)

 

(1

)

 

(49

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six months ended 31 December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Casamigos

-

 

 

11

 

 

10

 

 

1

 

 

3

 

 

-

 

 

11

 

 

10

 

 

1

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portfolio of 19 brands

1.3

 

 

89

 

 

67

 

 

-

 

 

43

 

 

1.3

 

 

89

 

 

67

 

 

-

 

 

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions and disposals

1.3

 

 

100

 

 

77

 

 

1

 

 

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share before exceptional items 

Earnings per share before exceptional items is calculated by dividing profit attributable to equity shareholders of the parent company before exceptional items by the weighted average number of shares in issue.

Earnings per share before exceptional items for the s