Tax and shares
Owning shares should provide investors with capital gains and income. Both of these are subject to tax beyond a certain point. There are various types of taxes that investors should consider including:
- capital gains tax
- income tax
- stamp duty.
The information provided here is not intended to constitute legal or tax advice to any investor. Readers should consult their own legal or tax advisors as to their own particular tax consequences.
TAX EFFICIENT PRODUCTS
There are various ways of buying shares in a tax-efficient manner and the most popular of these are ISAs and pensions.
ISA stands for individual savings account and shares bought as part of an ISA are exempt from capital gains and income tax. ISAs are set up through stockbrokers, banks or on the internet. They can also be arranged through an independent financial adviser, the Post Office National Savings or even supermarkets. There are plenty to choose from and stockbrokers or financial advisers can help investors to choose the most appropriate ISA for their needs.
ISAs can also be used for cash savings and can also include bonds and collective funds, such as unit trusts, investment trusts and OEICs (See section five).
Pensions can offer substantial tax incentives. Pension investments cannot be touched until you are 50 (and this will go up to 55 in 2010) and, once you reach 75, they have to be turned into annuities. This is a way of turning the lump sum of pension money into annual income. It is paid for the rest of your life and it is liable to income tax.
These are self-invested pension products and they tend to be used by the wealthier or more experienced investor. They are subject to the same tax rules as other pension schemes but they give investors the chance to play a greater part in choosing which assets they want to put into their pension. Most stockbrokers offer SIPP accounts.
VCT stands for Venture Capital Trust. VCTs are listed on the London Stock Exchange and they invest in a range of small, often early-stage companies whose shares may be quoted on AIM. VCTs provide these businesses with funds to help them grow and from time to time, they will sell out of certain businesses and invest in new ones.
VCTs are relatively high-risk investments because early-stage businesses tend to be less stable than larger, more mature companies. Tax rules on VCTs are complex however and exemptions depend on how much they invest and how long they invest for. For more information on VCTs please contact your financial advisor.
Taxation on shares can be complicated and the rules may change from year to year. Further advice should always be sought from experts, such as stockbrokers, accountants and HM Revenue and Customs.