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Glossary: G


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GBP

Pound Sterling

 

GBX

Pence Sterling

 

Gearing

Gearing is a feature of leveraged instruments such as covered warrants, options and futures. In an option, by investing a small amount called the option premium, investors can multiply their gains since returns are magnified.

 

GEMMs

Gilt-edged market makers.

 

Gilts or Gilt-Edged Securities

Debt securities issued on behalf of the Government.

 

Global Depositary Receipt (GDR)

Certificate which represents ownership of a given number of a company's shares and which can be listed and traded independently from the underlying shares. Denominated in US dollars, GDRs are traded in London.

 

Globalisation

The tendency of world investment and business to move from national and domestic markets to a worldwide environment.

 

Going long

Buying futures involves a commitment to buy the underlying asset at a future date at a specified price. This is called going long.

 

Going short

Selling futures involves a commitment to sell the underlying asset at a future date at a specified price. This is called going short.

 

Gross

The total amount before deductions (e.g. before tax deductions).

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