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ICG Enterprise Trust PLC  -  ICGT   

Notice of Results for Year Ended 31 January 2017

Released 07:01 18-Apr-2017

Notice of Results for Year Ended 31 January 2017

18 April 2017

ICG ENTERPRISE TRUST PLC

UNAUDITED RESULTS FOR THE

YEAR ENDED 31 JANUARY 2017

ICG Enterprise Trust plc ('ICG Enterprise' or 'the Company') presents its unaudited annual results for the year ended 31 January 2017.

Highlights

The long term performance4 of the Company remains strong, with the net asset value outperforming the FTSE All-Share Index over one, three, five and ten years

Performance to  31 January 2017 1 year 3 year 5 year 10* year
Net asset value per share 23.4% 38.1% 66.9% 119.4%
Share price 31.6% 35.1% 118.3% 115.2%
FTSE All-Share Index 20.1% 22.6% 57.0% 71.2%
* As the Company changed its year end in 2010, the ten year figures are for the 121 month period to 31 January 2017.  

Mark Fane, Chairman, said

The results for the year ended 31 January 2017 have been excellent and there has been faster than expected progress against key objectives set at the time of the change of manager to ICG. The Portfolio performance has been strong against a backdrop of a challenging and volatile market.  

In line with the ongoing succession plans being implemented by the Board, it is my intention to step down at the AGM on 13 June 2017 after eight years as Chairman. The Board is proposing that Jeremy Tigue is appointed Chairman subject to his re-election at the AGM.  Jeremy has a wealth of experience in the investment trust sector and has made an invaluable contribution to the governance of the Company.


Footnotes

  1. Included in this document are Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs"). APMs have been used if considered by the Board and the Manager to be the most relevant basis for shareholders in assessing the overall performance of the Company, and for comparing the performance of the Company to its peers and its previously reported results. The Glossary includes further details of APMs and reconciliations to IFRS measures, where appropriate. The rationale for the APMs is discussed in detail in the Manager's Review. The Glossary includes a reconciliation of the Portfolio to the most relevant IFRS measure.
  2. In the Chairman's Statement, Manager's Review and Supplementary Information, reference is made to the "Portfolio". This is an APM. The Portfolio is defined as the aggregate of the investment portfolios of the Company and of its subsidiary limited partnerships. The rationale for this APM is discussed in detail in the Manager's Review. The Glossary includes a reconciliation of the Portfolio to the most relevant IFRS measure.
  3. ICG Alternative Investment Limited, a regulated subsidiary of Intermediate Capital Group plc, acts as the Manager of the Company.
  4. In the Chairman's Statement, Manager's Review and Supplementary Information, all performance figures are stated on a total return basis (i.e. including the effect of re-invested dividends).
Foreign exchange rates 31 January 2016 31 July 2016 31 January 2017
  Year end Year end Year end
GBP:EUR 1.3109 1.1850 1.1651
GBP:USD 1.4185 1.3229 1.2576

Enquiries

Analyst / Investor enquiries:

Emma Osborne, Portfolio Manager, ICG                                     +44 (0) 20 3201 1302
Mark Crowther, Investor Relations, ICG                                       +44 (0) 20 3201 7842
Nikki Edgar, Finance, ICG                                                          +44 (0) 20 3201 7700

Disclaimer

This report may contain forward looking statements. These statements have been made by the Directors in good faith based on the information available to them up to the time of their approval of this report and should be treated with caution due to the inherent uncertainties, including both economic and business risk factors, underlying such forward looking information.

These written materials are not an offer of securities for sale in the United States. Securities may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration under the US Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or an exemption therefrom. The issuer has not and does not intend to register any securities under the US Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and does not intend to offer any securities to the public in the United States. No money, securities or other consideration from any person inside the United States is being solicited and, if sent in response to the information contained in these written materials, will not be accepted. This report contains information which, prior to this announcement was insider information.

Chairman's Statement

The Company has delivered excellent results in its first year under ICG management

These annual results mark the first anniversary of the change of manager to ICG3. I am pleased to report an excellent set of results for the year to 31 January 2017 as well as faster than expected progress against key objectives set at the time of the change of manager.  The Company's core strategy remained unchanged following the move, namely to focus on investments in established, profitable private companies in developed markets. In approving the management transition the Board expected the Company to benefit in four main areas: 

As the portfolio manager's report details, each of these factors have contributed to the strong performance in the year and the integration of the investment team to ICG has gone smoothly. Considerable progress has been made against a number of key objectives, in particular to:

The Company continues to outperform its benchmark, the FTSE All-Share Index, over the short, medium and long term. Both the net asset value per share and share price have outperformed the benchmark on a Total Return basis over one, three, five and ten years. Indeed, an investment in the Company on any financial year end date in the last twenty years would have outperformed the benchmark.

Portfolio

Through a period of economic uncertainty, particularly in the UK, the Board is encouraged by the performance of the Portfolio with the top 30 underlying companies continuing to generate strong profits, an unbroken trend since 2008.

As a whole, the Portfolio is considered to be sensibly valued relative to the public markets. This belief in the value of the Portfolio is reinforced by the continued  uplifts on realised investments. Further information is provided in the portfolio manager's report and supplementary information.

Balance sheet

Net assets at 31 January 2017 stood at £613m (2016: £521m) with year end cash of £39m (2016: £104m) representing 6% of total assets, down from 20% at the start of the year. This reflects the achievement of a key objective set as part of the change in Manager, namely to become more fully invested and to manage the balance sheet more efficiently than in the past. It is not the intention of the Board for the Company to be geared, other than for short term working capital purposes. Further, the over-commitment percentage of 26% of net assets (2016: 10%) remains within conservative parameters.

Distributions

As stated in the interim report, in order to provide shareholders with greater clarity of the income they can expect from the Company, the Board anticipates paying a minimum dividend of 20.0p per share each year, subject to sufficient distributable revenue and capital reserves in future. 

In line with this policy, having paid an interim dividend of 10.0p per share, the Board is pleased to propose a final dividend of 10.0p per share.  The proposed total dividend represents an increase of 81.8% compared with the prior year dividend and a yield on the year end share price of 2.9% (2016: 2.0%). If approved by shareholders at the AGM, the final dividend of 10.0p per share will be paid on 20 June 20175.

During the year the Company repurchased 982,345 shares at an average price of 627.0p for a total consideration of £6.2m. This improved the net asset value per share by 2.5%.  The Board believes that the shares offer good value and will continue to repurchase shares on an opportunistic basis.

F&C savings plans

Since 1984, investors in the F&C savings plans have been able to acquire shares in ICG Enterprise. Following the change of manager to ICG in 2016, from 1 January 2017, only existing F&C savings plan investors will be able to acquire shares in the Company through these plans. BMO Global Asset Management6 continues to allow existing savings plans to hold shares in the Company and is committed to the ongoing servicing of the existing F&C savings plans.

Board Changes

In line with the ongoing succession plans being implemented by the Board, it is my intention to step down at the AGM on 13 June 2017 after seventeen years as a non-executive director, including eight years as Chairman. 

The Board is proposing that Jeremy Tigue is appointed Chairman subject to his re-election at the AGM. Jeremy was appointed to the Board in 2008 and has made an invaluable contribution to the governance of the Company during his tenure.  He has a wealth of experience in the investment trust sector having managed the Foreign & Colonial Investment Trust ("FCIT") from 1997 to 2014 and is sitting on a number of other investment trust boards.  The FCIT portfolio included a material allocation to private equity and he, therefore, brings this especially relevant experience to the Company.

It is also proposed that Peter Dicks steps down as Chairman of the Audit Committee to be replaced by Andrew Pomfret, subject to his re-election at the AGM. 

Outlook

Markets continue to be buoyant despite the uncertainty surrounding Brexit and other geopolitical risks, but we expect volatility to increase.  Historically, periods of instability have created some of the most attractive investment opportunities for private equity. We believe the asset class will continue to outperform public markets over the medium to long term because of private equity's patient and active approach to creating value.

The Company is particularly well placed to adapt to changing market conditions with its flexible investment strategy and because the Portfolio continues to deliver strong growth in earnings. The Manager's focus on partnering with only the most experienced private equity firms, with strong track records of investing and managing companies through economic cycles, provides the Board with further confidence.  Finally, the change of Manager to ICG is already delivering material benefits to shareholders and this is expected to have an even greater impact in the future.

A personal note

After seventeen years of involvement in the listed private equity sector, I have experienced numerous ups and downs of market sentiment and observed both new entrants to and departures from the sector. Since the financial crisis the sector has endured particular turbulence, culminating in both Electra and SVG leaving the sector, with some commentators predicting its demise. Through these cycles ICG Enterprise, and many of its peers, has delivered superior returns as a result of the fundamental value created through private equity's active ownership model and the alignment of interests with portfolio company management. I firmly believe that listed private equity is an ideal way for private individuals and institutions to access the private equity market with the added advantages of daily liquidity and simplified administration.

An investment in the Company on any year end date in the last twenty years would have outperformed the benchmark. £100 invested twenty years ago would have generated £810 at 31 January 2017 compared with £368 for the same amount invested in the FTSE All-Share Index. This performance has been achieved by investing in funds and in companies that give us superior returns over the long term. Combined with a conservative approach to managing our balance sheet during both good and bad times, the Company has offered access to a diversified portfolio of private companies while at the same time improving yield. With strong underlying profit growth within the portfolio companies combined with the current discount to net asset value, I believe that the opportunity for continued growth looks compelling.

Mark Fane

18 April 2017

Footnotes

  1. Included in this document are Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs"). APMs have been used if considered by the Board and the Manager to be the most relevant basis for shareholders in assessing the overall performance of the Company, and for comparing the performance of the Company to its peers and its previously reported results. The Glossary includes further details of APMs and reconciliations to IFRS measures, where appropriate. The rationale for the APMs is discussed in detail in the Manager's Review. The Glossary includes a reconciliation of the Portfolio to the most relevant IFRS measure.
  2. In the Chairman's Statement, Manager's Review and Supplementary Information, reference is made to the "Portfolio". This is an APM. The Portfolio is defined as the aggregate of the investment portfolios of the Company and of its subsidiary limited partnerships. The rationale for this APM is discussed in detail in the Manager's Review. The Glossary includes a reconciliation of the Portfolio to the most relevant IFRS measure.
  3. ICG Alternative Investment Limited, a regulated subsidiary of Intermediate Capital Group plc, acts as the Manager of the Company.
  4. In the Chairman's Statement, Manager's Review and Supplementary Information, all performance figures are stated on a total return basis (i.e. including the effect of re-invested dividends).
  5. Shares will trade without rights to the final dividend from 1 June 2017 ("ex-dividend date"). The last date for registering transfers to receive the dividend is 2 June 2017 ("record date").
  6. In 2014, F&C became part of BMO Global Asset Management, and ultimately the BMO Financial Group.

Manager's Review of the Portfolio

This is our first annual report since the appointment of ICG as Manager of the Company and the transfer of the investment team from Graphite Capital Management LLP ("Graphite Capital"). We have made faster than expected progress towards realising the benefits of the change within the first year of moving to ICG.

Notably, new commitments have been made to two ICG managed funds: ICG Strategic Secondaries Fund II ("ICGSS") and ICG Asia Pacific Fund III. We believe these funds are highly complementary to our strategy and will generate attractive returns as well as enabling the Company to access co-investments from these in-house strategies. Both funds broaden the Company's geographic scope and increase the proportion of investments on which shareholders do not pay a management fee.

The move to ICG is also helping to generate secondaries and co-investments. The Company invested in a US fund restructuring transaction alongside ICGSS and completed secondary purchases in ICG Europe V and ICG Europe VI, which supplement existing investments.  These opportunities were available to the Company as a result of the change in manager.

As well as access to ICG managed investment opportunities, the Company is benefitting greatly from ICG's insights into private equity managers and portfolio companies in Europe, US and Asia in our investment analysis and decision-making for both new funds and direct co-investments. We are also working with a range of specialist functions within ICG to provide non-investment related support and enhancements to the ongoing management of the Company.

Portfolio performance overview

The Portfolio1 has delivered very strong performance during the year, rising in value by 28.9% (2016: 12.1%).  The Portfolio generated a valuation gain of 21.8% in local currencies, with currency movements adding a further 7.1%. This is against a backdrop of challenging market conditions, including volatility resulting from the UK's vote to leave the European Union, the US election result and various upcoming elections across Europe.

  Year ended Year ended
£m 31 January 2017 31 January 2016
Opening Portfolio** 428.2 431.9
Additions 127.8 64.3
Realisation Proceeds1  (85.5) (120.3)
Net cash outflow / (inflow) 42.3 (56.0)
Underlying Valuation Movement*,1 93.5 48.0
% underlying Portfolio growth 21.8% 11.1%
Currency movement 30.3 4.3
% currency movement 7.1% 1.0%
Closing Portfolio** 594.3 428.2
    
Other Key Portfolio Metrics    
Proceeds as % of opening Portfolio 20% 28%
Number of Full Realisations 40 41
Uplift on exit1 24% 22%
New primary fund commitments 117.6 58.6
Outstanding commitments 300.3 253.8

* In this report 94% of the Portfolio is valued using 31 December 2016 (or later) valuations.
** Refer to the Glossary for reconciliation to the portfolio balance presented in the financial statements

Footnote

  1.  References to the "Portfolio" include the investment portfolios of both the Company and its subsidiary partnerships. In the financial statements, in accordance with IFRS 10 'Consolidated Financial Statements', "Investments at fair value" are stated net of balances receivable from subsidiary partnerships and the accrual for the co-investment incentive scheme. Both the Manager and the Board consider that the Portfolio is the most relevant basis for shareholders in assessing the overall performance of the Company as it is consistent with industry practice and therefore enables comparison with peers as well as with the Company's previously reported results. A reconciliation of the Portfolio to the financial statements is set out in the Glossary.

At 31 January 2017 the Portfolio was valued at £594.3m. The increase of £166.1m during the year was primarily due to the strong valuation gains, as well as new investment exceeding realisations for the first time in six years.

The exposure to ICG managed investments increased during the year, and further increases are expected over time as the benefits of the change in manager continue to materialise. One of the features that makes ICG Enterprise distinctive in the listed private equity sector is the combination of an in-house directly controlled portfolio combined with a diversified multi-manager approach, which we believe both reduces risk and enhances returns.

Realisations

The Portfolio generated proceeds of £85.5m which was significantly lower than the £120.3m received in the previous year. However, as the number of full realisations of 40 was in line with last year, the lower level of proceeds reflected a smaller average size of disposals rather than a general slowdown in realisation activity. 

Full realisations accounted for £45.3m of proceeds received and these continued to be completed at uplifts to the prior quarter holding values, averaging 24% in the year. Over the last few years, despite an increase in valuation multiples across the Portfolio, exits have consistently achieved uplifts.

The largest realisation in the year was the disposal by Deutsche Beteiligungs AG ("DBAG") of Spheros, the manufacturer of climate systems for buses. This generated proceeds of £8.9m both from the investment in DBAG's fund and the direct co-investment made alongside this fund in 2011. The business grew strongly both organically and by acquisition prior to its sale in March 2016 generating a return of 2.5 times original cost. 

The sale of Micheldever, the distributor and retailer of tyres, was announced in January 2017 for a return of 3.7 times cost, but did not complete until February 2017.  It therefore remained as the Company's largest underlying investment at the year end, with a carrying value equivalent to the £35.9m of proceeds which were received in February 2017.

A further £40.2m was received from partial realisations. The most significant element of this was the £16.6m of proceeds received from recapitalisations during the year.

Further details of the ten largest underlying realisations are set out in the Supplementary Information section.

New investments

A record amount of new investments were completed in the year, with the total of £127.8m almost double the amount invested in the previous year. Increasing the rate of investment was one of the key objectives of the change of manager to ICG and it is encouraging that the move has had such a significant impact within the first year post transition.  Investments managed directly by ICG accounted for a quarter of the total at £31.5m.

All categories of new investment increased although fund drawdowns showed the steepest increase, more than doubling to £94.3m after the sharp drop of the previous year. The rise partly reflected the addition of ten new funds in the year which drew down £24.0m. The vast majority of this came from four new funds which had already made a number of investments that were analysed in detail prior to committing to the funds.  These so-called "late primary" situations suit our investment approach of investing in funds by applying our bottom-up, underlying company focused due diligence style and we will continue to target such opportunities as well as traditional new primary fund investments. Funds in the Portfolio at the start of the year drew down £70.3m, which was broadly in line with expectations and consistent with a steady pace to the end of funds' 5 to 6 year investment periods. 

Two direct co-investments and three secondary fund purchases were completed in the year, increasing the amount invested in these categories to £33.5m from £17.9m in the previous year.  The secondaries included ICG Europe V and ICG Europe VI as well as a US fund restructuring alongside ICGSS. 

The two largest underlying company investments were the two direct co-investments: System One (£8.9m), a provider of temporary staff in the US acquired by Thomas H. Lee Partners, and Roompot (£7.1m), an operator of holiday parks in the Netherlands acquired by PAI Partners.  Both companies operate in sectors that we have had experience of investing in successfully in the past.

In total, ICG managed investments, direct co-investments and secondaries accounted for 39% of total investments in the year, a figure expected to increase over time.  If the late primaries noted above are also included, a total of 56% of new investments were in underlying companies that we were able to analyse prior to investment.  This is in contrast to a typical fund of funds where third party managers make most of the underlying investment decisions.

Further details of the ten largest underlying new investments are set out in the Supplementary Information section.

New fund commitments

New primary commitments of £117.6m to ten funds were significantly higher than the £58.6m committed to six new funds last year.

Two of the new funds, representing 26% of new commitments, are managed directly by ICG.  A further six funds, totaling 53% of new commitments, were raised by managers that the Company has invested with successfully for many years, primarily focusing on European buyouts. The remaining two new funds feature managers which are new to the Portfolio, both of which are focused on the US market. One of these, Gridiron Capital III, was introduced to us through ICG's New York office which provides the fund investment team with invaluable insights into the US manager landscape to supplement our own research and analysis.

Further details of new fund commitments are set out in the Supplementary Information section.

Closing Portfolio

At 31 January 2017, the Portfolio was valued at £594.3m (£2016: £428.2m) of which ICG directly managed 10.1% while Graphite Capital investments accounted for 23.7%. Direct co-investments and secondaries accounted for 38.3% of the closing value, a figure which has increased significantly from approximately 18% immediately prior to the financial crisis.  This gives us greater control over investments into the Portfolio than a typical fund investor. 

Mid-market and large buyouts accounted for 55.4% and 36.1% respectively reflecting our focus on these segments which we believe offer the most attractive balance of return potential and downside protection. Targets in these segments tend to be more defensive, with market leading positions and strong management and are therefore better able to weather economic cycles than smaller companies.

By geography, the Portfolio is almost exclusively focused on developed private equity markets, principally the UK, continental Europe and the US. The UK accounted for 40.4% of value, down from 45.1% at the start of the year.  US exposure has increased from 14.1% to 21.1% in line with one of our objectives at the time of the change in manager. We expect both of these trends to continue as the benefits of being part of a global asset manager are further realised.

While the Portfolio is broadly diversified, which reduces risk, we aim to ensure that many individual investments are large enough to have an impact on overall performance.  The top 30 underlying companies accounted for 45.9% of the Portfolio and the performance of these investments is therefore likely to be a key driver of future growth.  The vast majority of companies in the top 30 are those we have selected to increase exposure to, through direct co-investments and secondary fund purchases, and that we have a high conviction will outperform.

In the year to December 2016, the revenues and EBITDA of the top 30 companies increased by an average of 8.5% and 14.0% respectively. They were valued on an average multiple of 9.7 times last twelve months EBITDA at December 2016, which, while slightly higher than the 9.4 times at the previous year end, is not unreasonable for the strong growth being achieved and the generally high quality of earnings. 

Events since the year end

Since the year end the Company has made the following new investments:

As noted earlier, in February 2017 the Company received £35.9m from the completion of the Micheldever sale announced in January 2017.

Outlook

The environment for realisations remains favourable despite some macro uncertainties. This should underpin future growth in value given the uplifts that tend to be achieved on sale. Against this backdrop, investing at reasonable valuations is more challenging, but our strategy gives us the flexibility to adapt the mix of investments according to where we see the best relative value and the move to ICG is providing access to a broader range of opportunities from which to select.

Much recent market commentary has focused on whether it is approaching a peak. While we do not claim to have the ability to predict the timing of the next potential downturn, we seek to ensure that the Portfolio is well positioned to withstand one. This is achieved by focusing on relatively more defensive companies managed by some of the most experienced private equity firms and by avoiding emerging markets, new managers and riskier private equity strategies such as venture capital. 

This approach served the Company well in the last downturn, with our 2007 investments generating a return of 1.8 times cost and the Portfolio consistently generating strong profit growth even in the aftermath of the financial crisis. It is also worth noting that over the last five years, the EBITDA valuation multiple of the Company's top 30 companies has increased from 9 to just under 10 while the EBITDA multiple of the FTSE All-Share Index has increased from 6.4 to its current level of 12.1. We believe that this valuation differential should provide a significant cushion in the event of any future public market correction. 

With the Portfolio continuing to demonstrate strong profit growth, as well as degearing, the prospects for further valuation growth remain positive.

ICG Private Equity Fund Investment Team

18 April 2017

Supplementary information

The 30 largest underlying investments

The table below presents the 30 companies in which ICG Enterprise had the largest investments by value at 31 January 2017. These investments may be held directly or through funds, or in some cases in both ways. The valuations are gross and are shown as a percentage of the total investment Portfolio.

  Company Manager Year of investment Country  

Value as a % of Portfolio
1 Micheldever +^*        
  Distributor and retailer of tyres Graphite Capital 2006 UK 6.3%
2 City & County Healthcare Group        
  Provider of home care services Graphite Capital 2013 UK 2.7%
3 Froneri +^        
  Manufacturer and distributor of ice cream products PAI Partners 2013 UK 2.1%
4 Education Personnel +^        
  Provider of temporary staff for the education sector ICG 2014 UK 2.1%
5 nGAGE        
  Provider of recruitment services Graphite Capital 2014 UK 2.1%
6 PetSmart +        
  Retailer of pet products and services BC Partners 2015 USA 2.0%
7 Standard Brands +        
  Manufacturer of fire lighting products Graphite Capital 2001 UK 2.0%
8 Skillsoft +        
  Provider of off-the-shelf e-learning content Charterhouse 2014 USA 1.7%
9 Frontier Medical +        
  Manufacturer of medical devices Kester Capital 2013 UK 1.6%
10 David Lloyd Leisure +        
  Operator of premium health and fitness clubs TDR Capital 2013 UK 1.6%
11 Visma        
  Provider of business services Cinven 2014 Norway 1.4%
12 TMF^        
  Provider of management and accounting outsourcing services Doughty Hanson 2008  Netherlands 1.4%
13 The Laine Pub Company +        
  Operator of pubs and bars Graphite Capital 2014 UK 1.3%
14 System One +        
  Provider of temporary staff and other associated services Thomas H. Lee Partners 2016 USA 1.3%
15 Roompot +        
  Operator and developer of holiday parks PAI Partners 2016 Netherlands 1.3%
16 Beck & Politzer        
  Provider of industrial machinery installation and relocation Graphite Capital 2016 UK 1.2%
17 CPA Global +        
  Provider of patent and legal services Cinven 2012 UK 1.2%
18 Algeco Scotsman        
  Supplier and operator of modular buildings TDR Capital 2007 USA 1.2%
19 Cambium        
  Provider of educational solutions and services ICG 2016 USA 1.2%
20 Quironsalud^#        
  Provider of private healthcare services CVC Capital 2011 Spain 1.2%
21 New World Trading Company        
  Operator of pub and restaurants Graphite Capital 2016 UK 1.1%
22 U-POL^        
  Manufacturer and distributor of automotive refinishing products Graphite Capital 2010 UK 1.0%
23 Formel D        
  Provider of quality control for automotive services Deutsche Beteiligungs 2013 Germany 1.0%
24 Swiss Education +        
  Provider of hospitality training Invision Capital 2015 Switzerland 1.0%
25 ProXES        
  Manufacturer of food processing machinery Deutsche Beteiligungs 2013 Germany 0.9%
26 Gerflor^        
  Manufacturer of vinyl flooring ICG 2011 France 0.8%
27 Parques Reunidos^        
  Operator of attraction parks Arle Capital 2007 Spain 0.8%
28 Cognito +        
  Supplier of communications equipment, software and services Graphite Capital 2002 UK 0.8%
29 Ceridian +        
  Provider of payment processing services Thomas H. Lee Partners 2007 USA 0.8%
30 InVentiv Health        
  Provider of healthcare and pharmaceutical consulting Thomas H. Lee Partners 2010 USA 0.8%
  Total of the 30 largest underlying investments     45.9%
+ All or part of this investment is held directly as a co-investment or other direct investment.
^ All or part of this investment was acquired as part of a secondary purchase.
* The company received proceeds of £35.9m from the sale of this investment in February 2017.
The company received proceeds of £4.9m from the sale of this investment in February 2017.

Analysis of the 30 largest underlying investments

The tables below analyse the 30 companies in which ICG Enterprise had the largest investments by value at 31 January 2017. These investments may be held directly or through funds or, in some cases, in both ways.

30 largest investments - revenue growth
% growth* % by number
<0% 24.1%
0-10% 37.9%
10-20% 24.1%
20-30% 10.3%
Not meaningful 3.6%
  
30 largest investments - EBITDA growth
% growth** % by number
<0% 20.0%
0-10% 20.0%
10-20% 30.0%
20-30% 10.0%
>30% 10.0%
Not meaningful 10.0%
30 largest investments - enterprise value as a multiple of EBITDA
Multiple*** % by number
<7.0x 6.7%
7.0-8.0x 3.3%
8.0-9.0x 16.7%
9.0-10.0x 23.3%
10.0-11.0x 23.3%
11.0-12.0x 6.7%
>12.0x 13.3%
Not meaningful 6.7%
 

30 largest investments - net debt as a multiple of EBITDA
Multiple**** % by number
<2.0x 16.7%
2.0-3.0x 26.7%
3.0-4.0x 13.3%
4.0-5.0x 6.7%
5.0-6.0x 16.7%
6.0-7.0x 10.0%
>7.0x 3.2%
Not meaningful 6.7%

*    Excludes one company where comparatives are not available
**   Excludes one company where comparatives are not available as well as two companies where the EBITDA is not meaningful
***   Excludes two companies where the EBITDA is not meaningful
**** Excludes one company where this metric is not meaningful

The 30 largest fund investments

The 30 largest funds by value at 31 January 2017 are:

  Fund Year of commitment Country/ region Value
£m
Outstanding commitment
£m
1 Graphite Capital Partners VIII *      
  Mid-market buyouts 2013 UK 51.6 39.8
2 Graphite Capital Partners VI **      
  Mid-market buyouts 2003 UK 30.7 2.1
3 CVC European Equity Partners V **      
  Large buyouts 2008 Europe/ USA 24.5 1.3
4 BC European Capital IX **      
  Large buyouts 2011 Europe/ USA 22.1 2.2
5 Fifth Cinven Fund        
  Large buyouts 2012 Europe 17.1 2.7
6 Thomas H. Lee Parallel Fund VI      
  Large buyouts 2007 USA 14.4 1.1
7 Deutsche Beteiligungs Fund V      
  Mid-market buyouts 2006 Germany 14.2 0.3
8 Graphite Capital Partners VII */**      
  Mid-market buyouts 2007 UK 13.6 4.7
9 PAI Europe V **        
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2007 Europe 12.3 1.1
10 Activa Capital Fund II        
  Mid-market buyouts 2007 France 11.3 1.8
11 ICG Velocity Partners Co-Investor**      
  Mid-market buyouts 2016 USA 11.0 2.3
12 ICG Europe V **        
  Mezzanine and equity in mid-market buyouts 2012 Europe 10.8 1.2
13 CVC Capital Partners VI      
  Large buyouts 2013 Global 10.7 7.6
14 TDR Capital II        
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2006 Europe 10.2 0.8
15 Doughty Hanson & Co V **      
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2006 Europe 10.1 6.5
16 ICG Europe VI **        
  Mezzanine and equity in mid-market buyouts 2015 Europe 9.7 12.1
17 Bowmark Capital Partners IV      
  Mid-market buyouts 2007 UK 9.3 -
18 IK VII        
  Mid-market buyouts 2013 Europe 9.3 0.5
19 TDR Capital III        
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2013 Europe 9.1 3.0
20 Permira V        
  Large buyouts 2013 Europe 8.7 0.8
21 One Equity Partners VI      
  Mid-market buyouts 2016 USA/ Europe 8.5 3.4
22 Deutsche Beteiligungs Fund VI      
  Mid-market buyouts 2012 Germany 8.1 1.0
23 Hollyport Secondary Opportunities V      
  Tail-end secondary portfolios 2015 Global 8.1 2.3
24 ICG European Fund 2006 B **      
  Mid-market buyouts 2014 Europe 7.2 2.1
25 PAI Europe VI        
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2013 Europe 6.9 10.4
26 ICG Strategic Secondaries Fund II      
  Secondary fund restructurings 2016 USA 6.9 14.0
27 Nordic Capital Partners VIII      
  Mid-market and large buyouts 2013 Nordic 6.3 3.6
28 Egeria Private Equity Fund IV      
  Mid-market buyouts 2012 Europe 5.7 3.2
29 Bowmark Capital Partners V      
  Mid-market buyouts 2013 UK 5.4 5.8
30 Candover 2005 Fund **      
  Large buyouts 2005 Europe 5.3 0.1
  Total of the largest 30 fund investments 379.1 137.8
  Percentage of total investment Portfolio 63.8%  
* Includes the associated Top Up funds.    
** All or part of an interest acquired through a secondary fund purchase.

Portfolio analysis

Closing Portfolio by value at 31 January 2017

  Third party
£m
Graphite Capital
£m
ICG
£m
Total
£m
% of investment Portfolio
Primary investments in funds 263.3 80.1 22.9 366.3 61.7%
Secondary investments in funds 45.3  15.8 25.8 86.9 14.6%
Direct and co-investments 84.5 45.0 11.6 141.1  23.7%
Total Portfolio 393.1 140.9  60.3  594.3 100.0%
% of Portfolio 66.2% 23.7% 10.1% 100.0%  
           
Undrawn commitments 212.5 46.7 41.1 300.3  
           
Total exposure 605.6 187.6 101.4 894.6  
% exposure 67.7% 21.0% 11.3% 100.0%  

Portfolio by investment type   % of value of underlying investments
Large buyouts   36.1%
Mid-market buyouts   55.4%
Small buyouts   8.5%
Total   100.0%

Portfolio by geographic distribution based on location of company headquarters   % of value of underlying investments
UK   40.4%
North America   21.1%
Germany   10.8%
France   9.0%
Benelux   5.6%
Scandinavia   5.4%
Spain   2.8%
Other Europe   2.0%
Italy   1.5%
Rest of world   1.4%
Total   100.0%
Total Continental Europe   37.1%

Portfolio by calendar year of investment   % of value of underlying investments
2017     0.2%
2016     18.6%
2015     12.9%
2014     19.3%
2013     16.2%
2012     5.1%
2011     5.2%
2010     4.6%
2009     1.3%
2008     3.4%
2007     3.5%
2006 and before     9.7%
Total     100.0%

Portfolio by sector   % of value of underlying investments
Business services   19.1%
Healthcare and education   17.7%
Consumer goods and services   16.1%
Industrials   14.1%
Leisure   11.5%
Automotive supplies   8.5%
Financials   5.3%
Technology and telecommunications   3.5%
Media   3.1%
Chemicals   1.1%
Total   100.0%

Investment activity

New investments   Drawdowns Co-investments and secondary fund purchases Total new investments
Financial period ended   £m £m £m
31 December 2007   95.2 7.9 103.1
31 December 2008   65.8 12.1 77.9
31 December 2009   21.5 2.5 24.0
31 January 2011   65.6 19.2 84.8
31 January 2012   51.3 29.9 81.2
31 January 2013   48.8 5.2 54.0
31 January 2014   54.2 36.4 90.6
31 January 2015   68.0 57.4 125.4
31 January 2016   46.4 17.9 64.3
31 January 2017   94.3 33.5 127.8

Largest new underlying investments

        Cost*
Investment Description Manager Country £m
System One Provider of temporary staff and other associated services

 
Thomas H Lee Partners USA 8.9
Roompot Operator and developer of holiday parks

 
PAI Partners Netherlands 7.7
Beck & Pollitzer Provider of industrial machinery installation and relocation

 
Graphite Capital UK 7.4
New World Trading Operator of distinctive pub restaurants

 
Graphite Capital UK 6.5
ITN Networks Operator of television advertising networks

 
ICG USA 4.8
Cambium Provider of educational solutions and services

 
ICG USA 4.2
Southern Theatres Operator of multiplex stadium seating movie theatres

 
ICG USA 3.7
Infobase Publishing Provider of educational solutions

 
ICG USA 3.1
Time Education Provider of specialist education tutoring

 
ICG South Korea 2.1
inVentiv Health Provider of outsourced services to the healthcare industry

 
Advent USA 2.0
Total of 10 largest new underlying investments     50.4
* Cost of investment is calculated as the Company's share of the fund's cost of investment plus
  any co-investment amounts paid

Realisations*

Financial period ended     £m % of opening Portfolio
31 December 2007     112.4 54.5%
31 December 2008     25.8 12.9%
31 December 2009     14.0 7.3%
31 January 2011     19.8 8.5%
31 January 2012     92.9 26.0%
31 January 2013     74.2 19.7%
31 January 2014     118.3 28.5%
31 January 2015     142.2 32.8%
31 January 2016     120.3 27.9%
31 January 2017     85.5 20.0%

* Excluding secondary sales of fund interests

Largest underlying realisations

Investment Manager  

Year of investment
 

Realisation type
Proceeds
£m
Spheros Deutsche Beteiligungs 2011 Trade 8.9
David Lloyd Leisure TDR Capital 2013 Recapitalisation 5.0
Swissport PAI Partners 2011 Trade 3.4
U-POL Graphite Capital 2010 Recapitalisation 3.1
La Maison Bleue Activa 2012 Secondary 3.1
Broetje-Automation Deustche Beteiligungs 2012 Trade 3.1
Technogym Arle Capital 2008 IPO 3.0
Loungers Piper 2012 Secondary 2.9
inVentiv Health Thomas H Lee Partners 2010 Partial sale 2.5
Stork Arle Capital 2008 Trade 2.0
Total of 10 largest underlying realisations     37.0

Commitments analysis

The following tables analyse commitments at 31 January 2017. Original commitments are translated at 31 January 2017 exchange rates.

  Original commitment £m Outstanding commitment £m Average drawdown percentage  

% of total outstanding commitments
Investment period not commenced 12.9 12.9 0.0% 4.3%
Funds in investment period 457.0 244.2 46.6% 81.3%
Funds post investment period 574.3 43.2 92.5% 14.4%
  1,044.2 300.3 71.2% 100.0%

Remaining investment period of commitments  

% of commitments
Investment period not commenced 4.3%
> 5 years 6.9%
4-5 years 13.9%
3-4 years 22.4%
2-3 years 16.0%
1-2 years 19.5%
<1 year 2.6%
Investment period complete 14.4%
Total 100.0%


Movement in outstanding commitments in the year
 

£m
As at 1 February 2016 253.8
New primary commitments 117.6
New commitments relating to co-investments and secondary purchases 8.3
Drawdowns (94.3)
Currency and other movements 14.9
As at 31 January 2017 300.3

New commitments in the year to 31 January 2017
Fund Strategy Geography £m
Primary commitments    
ICG Strategic Secondaries II Secondary fund restructurings USA 18.6
Sixth Cinven Fund Large buyouts Europe 15.5
BC European Capital X Large buyouts Europe/ USA 12.9
ICG Asia Pacific Fund III Mid-market buyouts Asia 12.3
Gridiron Capital III Mid-market buyouts USA 12.2
One Equity Partners VI Mid-market buyouts Europe/ USA 12.0
Advent Global Private Equity VIII Large buyouts Europe/ USA 11.7
Permira VI Large buyouts Europe 9.0
IK VIII Mid-market buyouts Europe 8.4
Piper Private Equity Fund VI Small buyouts UK 5.0
       
Total primary commitments   117.6
       
Commitments relating to co-investments and secondary purchases 8.3
       
Total new commitments     125.9

Currency Exposure

  31 January 31 January 31 January 31 January
  2017 2017 2016 2016
  £m % £m %
Portfolio*        
 - Sterling 269.1 45.3% 209.1 48.8%
 - Euro 156.5 26.3% 122.8 28.7%
 - US dollar 115.4 19.4% 60.9 14.2%
 - Other European 41.5  7.0% 33.5 7.8%
 - Other 11.8 2.0% 1.9 0.5%
Total 594.3  100.0% 428.2 100.0%
*Currency exposure is calculated by reference to the location of the underlying Portfolio companies' headquarters.

  31 January 31 January 31 January 31 January
  2017 2017 2016 2016
  £m % £m %
Outstanding commitments        
 - Sterling 77.5 25.8% 102.3 40.3%
 - Euro 166.2 55.4% 131.2 51.7%
 - US dollar 54.5 18.1% 18.4 7.2%
 - Other European 2.1 0.7% 1.9 0.8%
Total 300.3 100.0% 253.8 100.0%

Unaudited Results

Income Statement (unaudited)

   Year to 31 January 2017   Year to 31 January 2016
  Notes Revenue return   Capital return   Total   Revenue return   Capital return   Total
£'000   £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000
Investment returns                        
Income, gains and losses on investments   9,892   105,194   115,086   12,100   33,761   45,861
Deposit interest   242   -   242   309   -   309
Other income   17   -   17   115   -   115
Foreign exchange gains and losses   -   2,993   2,993   -   747   747
    

10,151
  108,187   118,338   12,524   34,508   47,032
                 
Expenses             
Investment management charges 4   (1,552)     (4,657)     (6,209)     (1,509)     (4,260)     (5,769)
Other expenses     (1,638)     (1,145)     (2,783)     (1,722)     (1,123)     (2,845)
     (3,190)     (5,802)     (8,992)     (3,231)     (5,383)     (8,614)
                 
Profit before tax   6,961   102,385   109,346     9,293     29,125     38,418
Taxation 5   (1,184)     787     (397)      (1,292)     1,292    -
Profit for the year     5,777     103,172     108,949   8,001   30,417   38,418
             
Attributable to:             
Equity shareholders 5,777   103,172   108,949   8,001   30,417   38,418
             
Basic and diluted earnings per share 6      153.43p       53.13p
             
             
The columns headed 'Total' represent the income statement for the relevant financial years and the columns headed 'Revenue return' and 'Capital return' are supplementary information, in line with the Statement of Recommended practice for investment trusts issued by the Association of Investment Companies in November 2014. There is no Other Comprehensive Income.

Balance Sheet (unaudited)

    Notes 31 January 2017   31 January 2016
      £'000   £'000
Non-current assets          
Investments held at fair value          
- Unquoted investments      491,099   356,939
- Quoted investments      364   -
- Subsidiary investments      80,718   57,168
     12 572,181   414,107
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents     38,522   103,831
Receivables    8 2,384   4,038
      40,906   107,869
           
Current liabilities          
Payables    9 354   634
           
Net current assets     40,552   107,235
Total assets less current liabilities     612,733   521,342
           
Capital and reserves          
Share capital    10 7,292   7,292
Capital redemption reserve     2,112   2,112
Share premium     12,936   12,936
Capital reserve     581,753   484,782
Revenue reserve     8,640   14,220
Total equity     612,733   521,342
        
Net asset value per share (basic and diluted)     871.0p   730.9p

Statement of Changes in Equity (unaudited)

  Share capital Capital redemption reserve Share premium Realised capital reserve Unrealised capital reserve Revenue reserve Total shareholders' equity
Company £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000
Year to 31 January 2017              
Opening balance at
1 February 2016
7,292 2,112 12,936 363,325 121,457 14,220 521,342
Profit for the year and total comprehensive income - - - (1,178) 104,350 5,777 108,949
Transfer on disposal of investments - - - - - - -
Dividends paid or approved - - - - - (11,357) (11,357)
Purchase of shares into treasury - - - (6,201) - - (6,201)
Closing balance at
31 January 2017
7,292 2,112 12,936 355,946 225,807 8,640 612,733
        
        
Company Share capital Capital redemption reserve Share premium  Realised capital reserve Unrealised capital reserve Revenue reserve Total shareholders' equity
£'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000
Year to 31 January 2016              
Opening balance at
1 February 2015
7,292 2,112 12,936 348,412 115,077 21,035 506,864
Profit for the year and total comprehensive income - - - 2,200 28,217 8,001 38,418
Transfer on disposal of investments - - - 21,837 (21,837) - -
Dividends paid or approved - - - - - (14,816) (14,816)
Purchase of shares into treasury - - - (9,124) - - (9,124)
Closing balance at
31 January 2016
7,292 2,112 12,936 363,325 121,457 14,220 521,342

Cash Flow Statement (unaudited)

   Year to 31 January 2017   Year to 31 January 2016
  Notes £'000   £'000
Operating activities     
Sale of portfolio investments   50,338   89,941
Purchase of portfolio investments     (102,621)     (56,213)
Interest income received from portfolio investments   7,263   8,951
Dividend income received from portfolio investments   2,629   2,882
Other income received   259   384
Investment management charges paid     (6,143)     (5,840)
Other expenses paid     (1,380)   (1,269)
Net cash (outflow) / inflow from operating activities     (49,655)   38,836
     
Financing activities     
Bank facility fee     (1,089)     (1,963)
Purchase of shares into treasury     (6,201)     (9,110)
Equity dividends paid 7   (11,357)   (14,816)
Net cash outflow from financing activities     (18,647)   (25,889)
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents     (68,302)   12,947
     
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   103,831   90,137
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents     (68,302)   12,947
Effect of changes in foreign exchange rates     2,993   747
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year   38,522   103,831

Notes to the Financial  Report (unaudited)

1   General information

ICG Enterprise Trust plc (formerly Graphite Enterprise Trust PLC, "the Company") is registered in England and Wales and domiciled in England. The registered office is Juxon House, 100 St Paul's Churchyard, London EC4M 8BU.  The Company's objective is to provide shareholders with long term capital growth through investment in unquoted companies, mostly through private equity funds but also directly.

During the year ended 31 January 2016, Graphite Capital Management LLP ("Graphite Capital" or "the Former Manager") served as manager of the Company. On 1 February 2016, the Board appointed ICG Alternative Investment Limited ("ICG" or "the Manager") as the new manager of the Company. At the same time, the name of the Company was changed from Graphite Enterprise Trust PLC to ICG Enterprise Trust plc, and the names of its subsidiaries Graphite Enterprise Trust Limited Partnership and Graphite Enterprise Trust (2) Limited Partnership were changed to ICG Enterprise Trust Limited Partnership and ICG Enterprise Trust (2) Limited Partnership. In addition to these limited partnerships, ICG Enterprise Trust Co-investment Limited Partnership was established as a new subsidiary (together "the Partnerships").

This report was approved for issue by the Board of Directors on 12 April 2017.

2   Unaudited financial report

This financial report does not comprise statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006.  Statutory accounts for the year to 31 January 2016 were approved by the Board of Directors on 14 April 2016 and delivered to the Registrar of Companies.  The report of the auditors on those accounts was unqualified, did not contain an emphasis of matter paragraph and did not contain any statements under section 498(2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

Statutory accounts for the year to 31 January 2017 will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies following the Company's Annual General Meeting which will be held at the Stationers' Hall, Ave Maria Lane, London EC4M 7DD at 2.00pm on 13 June 2017.

 3  Basis of preparation

The financial information for the year ended 31 January 2017 has been prepared in accordance with the Companies Act 2006 as applicable to companies using International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") and the Statement of Recommended Practice (the "SORP") provisions currently in effect issued by the Association of Investment Companies in November 2014.

IFRS comprises standards and interpretations approved by the International Accounting Standards Board and the IFRS Interpretations Committee as adopted in the European Union as at 31 January 2017.

These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and on the historical cost basis of accounting, modified for the valuation of certain assets at fair value. The principal accounting policies adopted are set out below. These policies have been applied consistently throughout the current and prior year.

In order to reflect the activities of an investment trust company, supplementary information which analyses the income statement between items of a revenue and capital nature has been presented alongside the income statement. In analysing total income between capital and revenue returns, the directors have followed the guidance contained in the SORP. The following requirements of the SORP have been followed:

·        Capital gains and losses on investments sold and on investments held arising on the revaluation or disposal of investments classified as held at fair value through profit or loss should be shown in the capital column of the income statement.

·        Returns on any share or debt security for a fixed amount (whether in respect of dividends, interest or otherwise) should be shown in the revenue column of the income statement.

·        The Board should determine whether the indirect costs of generating capital gains should also be shown in the capital column of the income statement. If the Board decides that this should be so, the management fee should be allocated between revenue and capital in accordance with the Board's expected long term split of returns, and other expenses should be charged to capital only to the extent that a clear connection with the maintenance or enhancement of the value of investments can be demonstrated.

In accordance with IFRS10 (amended), the Company is deemed to be an investment entity on the basis that:

(a) it obtains funds from one or more investors for the purpose of providing investors with investment management services;

(b) it commits to its investors that its business purpose is to invest funds for both returns from capital appreciation and, investment income; and

(c) it measures and evaluates the performance of substantially all of its investments on a fair value basis.

As a result, the Company's subsidiaries are included in unquoted investments at fair value as the subsidiaries are also deemed to be investment entities.

Investments

All investments are designated upon initial recognition as held at fair value through profit or loss (described in this financial report as investments held at fair value) and are measured at subsequent reporting dates at fair value. Changes in the value of all investments held at fair value, which include returns on those investments such as dividends and interest, are recognised in the income statement and are allocated to the revenue column or the capital column in accordance with the SORP.

Unquoted Investments

Fair value for unquoted investments is established by using various valuation techniques.

Funds and co-investments are valued at the underlying investment manager's valuation where this is consistent with the requirement to use fair value.  Where this is not the case, adjustments are made or alternative methods are used as appropriate. The most common reason for adjustments is to take account of events occurring after the date of the manager's valuation, such as realisations.

The fair value of direct unquoted investments is calculated in accordance with the 2015 International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation Guidelines. The primary valuation methodology used is an earnings multiple methodology, with other methodologies used where they are more appropriate.

Quoted Investments

Quoted investments are held at the last traded bid price on the balance sheet date. When a purchase or sale is made under contract, the terms of which require delivery within the timeframe of the relevant market, the contract is reflected on the trade date.

Associates

Investments which fall within the definition of an associate under IAS 28 (Investments in associates) are accounted for as investments held at fair value through profit or loss, as permitted by that standard.

The Company holds an interest (including indirectly through its subsidiaries) of more than 20% in a small number of investments that may normally be classified as subsidiaries or associates. These investments are not considered subsidiaries as the Company does not exert control or significant influence over the activities of these companies/partnerships, as they are managed by other third parties.

4 Investment Management charges

  Year ended 31 January 2017   Year ended 31 January 2016
  Revenue   Capital   Total   Revenue   Capital   Total
  £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000
Investment management charge   1,552     4,657     6,209   1,415   4,244   5,659
Irrecoverable VAT -   -   -   94   16   110
    1,552     4,657     6,209   1,509   4,260   5,769

Following the appointment of ICG as manager on 1 February 2016, the management fee charged for managing the Company was reduced to 1.4% (from 1.5%) of the value of invested assets and 0.5% of outstanding commitments, in both cases excluding funds managed by Graphite Capital Management LLP and ICG. No fee is charged on cash or liquid asset balances. The amounts payable during the year are set out above.

Management charges for 2016 set out in the table above were payable to Graphite Capital Management LLP, the Former Manager, for managing the Company. The Former Manager is a related party for the purposes of the year ended 31 January 2016.

The allocation of the total investment management charges was unchanged in 2017 with 75% of the total allocated to capital and 25% allocated to revenue.

The table below sets out the management charges that the Company has borne in respect of its investments in funds managed by the Former Manager in periods when the Former Manager was a related party, and those borne in respect of its investments in funds managed by the Manager in periods when the Manager was a related party.

   Year ended   Year ended
   31 January 2017   31 January 2016
    £'000   £'000
ICG Europe Fund VI   299   *
ICG Europe Fund V   320   *
ICG European Fund 2006B   94   *
ICG Strategic Secondaries Fund II   185   *
ICG Velocity Partners Co-Investor   115   *
ICG Asia Pacific III   124   *
Graphite Capital Partners VI   *   (120)
Graphite Capital Partners VII   *   86
Graphite Capital Partners VIII *   1,561
   1,137   1,527

* not applicable as the manager of this fund was not a related party in the year

5  Taxation

In both the current and prior years the tax charge was lower than the standard rate of corporation tax, principally due to the Company's status as an investment trust, which means that capital gains are not subject to corporation tax. The standard rate of corporation tax in the UK changed from 21% to 20% with effect from 1 April 2015. Accordingly the Company's profits for the year ended 31 January 2017 are taxed at an effective rate of 20% (2016: 20.17%). The effect of this and other items affecting the tax charge is shown in note 5(b) below.

      Year ended   Year ended
      31 January 2017   31 January 2016
          £'000   £'000
a) Analysis of charge in the year      
Tax charge on items allocated to revenue   787   1,292
Tax credit on items allocated to capital   (787)   (1,292)
Tax charge on items relating to prior years   397   -
Corporation tax     397    -
 

b) Factors affecting tax charge for the year
    
Profit on ordinary activities before tax   109,346   38,418
Profit on ordinary activities multiplied by standard rate of corporation tax in the UK of 20% (2016: 20.17%)   21,869   7,749
Effect of:     
- net investment returns not subject to corporation tax     (21,637)     (6,960)
- dividends not subject to corporation tax     (526)     (133)
- expenses not deductible for tax purposes    20
- current year management expenses not utilised / (utilised)   294     (206)
- other deductions -   (470)
- overseas tax suffered   397   -
Total tax charge   397   -

The Company has no recognised carried forward excess management expenses (2016: nil). There are no carried forward deferred tax assets or liabilities (2016: nil). Due to the Company's status as an investment trust, and the intention to continue meeting the conditions required to obtain approval in the foreseeable future, the Company has not provided deferred tax on any capital gains and losses arising on the revaluation or disposal of investments. For all investments the tax base is equal to the carrying amount.

6  Earnings per share

   Year ended   Year ended
    31 January 2017   31 January 2016
Revenue return per ordinary share   8.13p   11.07p
Capital return per ordinary share   145.30p   42.06p
Earnings per ordinary share (basic and diluted)   153.43p   53.13p
Weighted average number of shares   71,010,218   72,310,909

The earnings per share figures are based on the weighted average numbers of shares set out above.

7  Dividends

The Board has proposed a final dividend of 10.0p per share in respect of the year ended 31 January 2017 which, if approved by shareholders, will be paid on 20 June 2017, to shareholders on the register of members at the close of business on 2 June 2017.

      Year ended   Year ended
      31 January 2017   31 January 2016
          £'000   £'000
Final in respect of year ended 31 January 2016: 6.0p (PY: 10.0p) per share    4,280   7,232
Special in respect of year ended 31 January 2016: 0p (PY: 5.5p) per share    -   3,977
Interim in respect of year ended 31 January 2017: 10.0p (PY: 5.0p) per share   7,077   3,607
Total      11,357   14,816

8  Receivables - Current

As at 31 January 2017, prepayments and accrued income included £0.5m (2016: £1.0m) of unamortised costs in relation to the bank facility. Of this amount £0.3m  (2016: £0.5m) is expected to be amortised in less than one year.

  31 January 2017   31 January 2016
  £'000   £'000
Prepayments and accrued income 939   1,912
Subsidiary undertakings 1,445   2,126
  2,384   4,038

9  Payables - Current

  31 January 2017   31 January 2016
  £'000   £'000
Accruals 354   537
Other creditors -   97
  354   634

10  Share capital

  Authorised
Nominal
Issued and fully paid
Nominal
Equity share capital Number £'000 Number £'000
Balance at 31 January 2016 and 31 January 2017 120,000,000 12,000 72,913,000 7,292

All ordinary shares have a nominal value of 10.0p. At 31 January 2017, 72,913,000 shares had been allocated, called up and fully paid. Of this total, the Company held 2,568,508 shares in treasury (2016: 1,586,163) leaving 70,344,492 (2016: 71,326,837) shares not held in treasury, all of which have equal voting rights. The market value of the Company's ordinary shares at 31 March 1982 was 16p.

11 Financial instruments and risk management

The Company is an investment company as defined by section  833 of the Companies Act 2006 and conducts its affairs so as to qualify as an investment trust under the provisions of section 1158 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 ("Section 1158"). The Company's objective is to provide shareholders with long term capital growth through investment in unquoted companies, mostly through specialist funds but also directly.

Investments in funds have anticipated lives of approximately ten years. Direct investments are made with an anticipated holding period of between three and five years. Investment agreements will, however, usually provide that any loans advanced to investee companies are for a longer period than this. The agreements will usually provide for repayments to be made by instalments with provision for full repayment on sale or flotation.

Financial risk management

The Company's activities expose it to a variety of financial risks: market risk (comprising currency risk, interest rate risk and price risk), investment risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The Company's overall risk management programme focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the Company's financial performance. The Manager has overall responsibility for managing the risks and the framework for monitoring and coordinating these risks. This is monitored by the Board. The Company's financial risk management objectives and processes used to manage these risks have not changed from the previous period and the policies are set out below:

Market risk

(i) Currency risk

The Company's investments are principally in the UK and continental Europe and are primarily denominated in sterling and in euros. There are also smaller amounts in US dollars and in other European currencies. The Company is exposed to currency risk in that movements in the value of sterling against these foreign currencies will affect the net asset value and the cash required to fund undrawn commitments. The Board regularly reviews the level of foreign currency denominated assets and outstanding commitments in the context of current market conditions and may decide to buy or sell currency or put in place currency hedging arrangements.

(ii)  Interest rate risk
The fair value of the Company's investments and cash balances are not directly affected by changes in interest rates.

(iii)  Price risk
The risk that the value of a financial instrument will change as a result of changes to market prices is one that is fundamental to the Company's objective, which is to provide long term capital growth through investment in unquoted companies. The investment Portfolio is continually monitored to ensure an appropriate balance of risk and reward in order to achieve the Company's objective. No hedging of this risk is undertaken.

The Company is exposed to the risk of change in value of its private equity investments. For all investments the market variable is deemed to be the price itself.

Investment and credit risk

(i)   Investment risk
Investment risk is the risk that the financial performance of the companies in which ICG Enterprise invests either improves or deteriorates, thereby affecting the value of that investment. Investments in unquoted companies whether indirectly or directly are by their nature subject to potential investment losses. The investment Portfolio is highly diversified.

(ii)  Credit risk
The Company's exposure to credit risk arises principally from its investment in cash deposits. The Company aims to invest the majority of its liquid Portfolio in assets which have low credit risk. The Company's policy is to limit exposure to any one investment to 15% of gross assets. This is regularly monitored by the Manager as a part of its cash management process.

Cash is held on deposit with three UK banks and totalled £38.5m (2016: £103.8m). Of this amount £25.1m was deposited at Lloyds Bank ("Lloyds"), which currently has a credit rating of BAA1 from Moody's, and this represents the maximum exposure to credit risk at the balance sheet date. No collateral is held by the Company in respect of these amounts. None of the Company's cash deposits were past due or impaired at 31 January 2017 (2016: nil).

Liquidity risk

The Company has significant investments in unquoted companies and funds which are inherently illiquid. The Company also has substantial undrawn commitments to funds, the great majority of which are likely to be called over the next five years. The Company aims to manage its affairs to ensure sufficient cash, other liquid assets and undrawn borrowing facilities will be available to meet contractual commitments when they are called and also seeks to have cash generally available to meet other short term financial needs. All cash and cash equivalents are available on demand. The Company's liquidity management policy involves projecting cash flows and considering the level of liquidity necessary to meet these.

The Company has access to committed bank facilities of a headline £103m, which are structured as parallel sterling and euro facilities of £50m and €61.7m (£53.0m) respectively.  The facilities are provided jointly by Lloyds and The Royal Bank of Scotland ("RBS"). Of the total facilities,  £20m and €23.6m will expire in March 2020 after being renewed in March 2017 on the following basis:

The remaining balance of £30m and €38.1m will expire in April 2019.  As at 31 January 2017 the Company's financial liabilities amounted to £0.4m of payables (2016: £0.6m) which were due in less than one year.

Capital risk management

The Company's capital is represented by its net assets, which are managed to achieve the Company's investment objective. The Company currently has no debt.

The Board can manage the capital structure directly since it has taken the powers, which it is seeking to renew, to issue and buy-back shares and it also determines dividend payments. The Company is subject to externally imposed capital requirements with respect to the obligation and ability to pay dividends by section 1159 Corporation Tax Act 2010 and by the Companies Act 2006, respectively.

Total equity at 31 January 2017, the composition of which is shown on the balance sheet was £612.7m (2016: £521.3m).

12  Fair values estimation

IFRS 7 requires disclosure of fair value measurements of financial instruments categorised according to the following fair value measurement hierarchy:

·  Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1).

·  Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, as prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices) (level 2).

·  Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs) (level 3).

The valuation techniques applied to level 1 and level 3 assets are described in note 3.

The following table presents the assets that are measured at fair value at 31 January 2017. The Company had no financial liabilities measured at fair value at that date.

  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
  £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000
Investments held at fair value      
Unquoted investments - indirect - - 383,068 383,068
Unquoted investments - direct - - 108,031 108,031
Quoted investments - direct 364 - - 364
Subsidiary undertakings - - 80,718 80,718
Total investments held at fair value 364 - 571,817 572,181

The following table presents the assets that are measured at fair value at 31 January 2016. The Company had no financial liabilities measured at fair value at that date.

  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
  £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000
Investments held at fair value      
Unquoted investments - indirect - - 272,495 272,495
Unquoted investments - direct - - 84,444 84,444
Quoted investments - direct - -  -  -
Subsidiary undertakings - - 57,168 57,168
Total investments held at fair value - - 414,107 414,107

All unquoted and quoted investments are valued at fair value in accordance with IFRS 13.  The following tables present the changes in level 3 instruments for the year to 31 January 2017.

  Unquoted investments (indirect) at fair value through profit or loss   Unquoted investments (direct) at fair value through profit or loss   Subsidiary undertakings   Total
31 January 2017 £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000
Opening balances 272,495   84,444   57,168   414,107
Additions   94,116     8,365   12,097   114,578
Disposals   (49,920)     (11,889)   -   (61,809)
Gains and losses recognised in profit or loss   66,377     27,111   11,453   104,941
Closing balance 383,068   108,031   80,718   571,817
Total gains for the year included in income statement for assets held at the end of the reporting period   45,734     19,838   11,453   77,025


The following tables present the changes in level 3 instruments for the year to 31 January 2016.

  Unquoted investments (indirect) at fair value through profit or loss   Unquoted investments (direct) at fair value through profit or loss   Subsidiary undertakings   Total
 31 January 2016 £'000   £'000   £'000   £'000
Opening balances 289,491   68,339   56,217   414,047
Additions 43,857   8,643     (1,226)   51,274
Disposals (77,790)   (6,860)   -   (84,650)
Gains and losses recognised in profit or loss 16,937   14,322   2,177   33,436
Closing balance 272,495   84,444   57,168   414,107
Total gains for the year included in income statement for assets held at the end of the reporting period 16,937   14,322   2,177   33,436

13 Related party transactions

Transactions between the Company, Manager and the Former Manager are disclosed in note 4. Significant transactions between the Company and its subsidiaries are shown below:

   Year ended 31 January 2017 Year ended 31 January 2016
Subsidiary Nature of transaction £'000 £'000
ICG Enterprise Trust Limited Partnership Increase in amounts owed to subsidiaries   3,338 3,549
  Income allocated 248 875
    
ICG Enterprise Trust (2) Limited Partnership Increase / (decrease) in amounts owed to subsidiaries   1,683 (2,325)
  Income allocated 1080 1284
    
ICG Enterprise Trust Co - Investment Limited Partnership Increase in amounts owed by subsidiaries   14,991   - 
  Income allocated 204   - 

Amounts owed by subsidiaries represent funding provided by the Company to its subsidiaries to allow them to make investments. The balances will be repaid out of proceeds from their portfolios.

  Amounts owed by subsidiaries Amounts owed to subsidiaries
  31 January 2017 31 January
2016
31 January 2017 31 January 2016
Subsidiary £'000 £'000 £'000 £'000
ICG Enterprise Trust Limited Partnership -   - 28,709 25,371
ICG Enterprise Trust (2) Limited Partnership 36,939 35,678 2,944   - 
ICG Enterprise Trust Co - Investment Limited
Partnership
14,991   -    -    - 

Funds managed by the Company's current and Former Manager:

  31 January 2017 31 January 2016
Fund Original commitment
£'000
Remaining commitment
£'000
Fair
 value
£'000
Original commitment
£'000
Remaining commitment
£'000
Fair
value
£'000
ICG Europe Fund VI* 21,457 12,101 9,683 10,763 11,327 48
ICG Europe Fund V* 13,198 1,191 10,828 7,176 514 7,797
ICG European Fund 2006B* 19,312 2,065 7,163 16,145 8,937 8,013
ICG Strategic Secondaries Fund II** 19,879 14,005 6,873 - - -
ICG Velocity Partners Co-Investor** 11,927 2,270 10,994 - - -
ICG Asia Pacific III** 11,927 9,510 3,119 - - -
Total 97,700 41,142 48,660 34,084 20,778 15,858

* Euro denominated positions translated to sterling at spot rate on 31 January 2016 and 31 January 2017.

** US dollar denominated positions translated to sterling at spot rate on 31 January 2016 and 31 January 2017.

At the balance sheet date the Company has fully funded its proportionate share of all commitments invested due to all ICG managed funds in which it is invested, including ICG Strategic Secondaries Fund II and ICG Europe Fund VI.

    31 January 2016
Fund    

Original commitment
£'000
Remaining commitment
£'000
Fair
value
£'000
Graphite Capital Partners VIII       80,000 45,009 29,778
Graphite Capital Partners VIII Top Up Fund       20,000 11,010 6,547
Graphite Capital Partners VII       42,800 5,279 10,162
Graphite Capital Partners VII Top Up Fund       10,000 1,322 1,679
Graphite Capital Partners VII Top Up Fund Plus       6,000 1,042 1,508
Graphite Capital Partners VI       78,188 2,084 23,845
Graphite Capital Partners V       15,000 - -
Total       251,988 65,746 73,519

The funds managed by the Former Manager are not considered a related party from 1 February 2016.

Glossary      

Alternative Performance Measures ("APMs") are a term defined by the European Securities and Markets Authority as "financial measures of historical or future performance, financial position, or cash flows, other than a financial measure defined or specified in the applicable financial reporting framework".

APMs are used in this report if considered by the Board and the Manager to be the most relevant basis for shareholders in assessing the overall performance of the Company and for comparing the performance of the Company to its peers, taking into account industry practice. Definitions and reconciliations to IFRS measures are provided in the main body of the report or in this Glossary, where appropriate.

Co-investment incentive scheme accrual represents the estimated value of interests in the co-investment incentive scheme operated by the Company. At both 31 January 2017 and 31 January 2016, the accrual was estimated as the theoretical value of the interests if the Portfolio had been sold at its carrying value at those dates.

Drawdowns are amounts invested by the Company into funds when called by underlying managers in respect of an existing commitment.

EBITDA stands for earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation, which is a widely used valuation measure in the private equity industry.

Enterprise value is the aggregate value of a company's entire issued share capital and net debt.

FTSE All-Share Index Total return is the change in the level of the FTSE All-Share Index, assuming that dividends are re-invested on the day that they are paid.

Full realisations are exit events (e.g. trade sale, sale by public offering, or sale to a financial buyer) following which the residual exposure to an underlying company is zero or immaterial.

Funds in investment period are those funds which are able to make new investments under the terms of their fund agreements, usually up to five years after the initial commitment.

Net asset value per share Total Return is the change in the Company's net asset value per share, assuming that dividends are re-invested at the end of the quarter in which the dividend was paid.

Net debt is calculated as the total short term and long term debt in a business, less cash and cash equivalents.

Overcommitment
In order to achieve full or near full investment, it is usual for private equity fund investors to make commitments exceeding the amount of cash immediately available for investment. This is described as "overcommitment". When determining the appropriate level of overcommitment, careful consideration needs to be given to the rate at which commitments might be drawn down, and the rate at which realisations will generate cash from the existing portfolio to fund new investment.

Portfolio
Throughout, reference is made to the "Portfolio", which represents the aggregate of the investment Portfolios of the Company and of its subsidiary limited partnerships. This is consistent with the commentary in previous annual and interim reports. The Board and the Manager consider that this is the most relevant basis for shareholders to assess the overall performance of the Company and comparison with its peers.

The closest equivalent amount reported on the balance sheet is "investments at fair value". A reconciliation of these two measures is presented below.

£m Investments at fair value as per balance sheet Cash held by subsidiary limited partnerships Balances receivable from subsidiary limited partnerships Co-investment incentive scheme accrual Portfolio
31 January 2017 572.2 - 1.4 20.7 594.3
31 January 2016 414.1 - 2.2 11.9 428.2

Post-crisis investments are defined as those completed in 2009 or later.

Pre-crisis investments are defined as those completed in 2008 or before, based on the date the original deal was completed, which may differ from when the Company invested if acquired through a secondary.

Realisation proceeds are amounts received by the Company in respect of the Portfolio, which may be in the form of capital proceeds or income such as interest or dividends.

Share price Total Return is the change in the Company's share price, assuming that dividends are re-invested on the day that they are paid.

Total Return is a performance measure that assumes the notional re-investment of dividends. This is a measure commonly used by the listed private equity sector and listed companies in general.

The tables below set out the share price and the net asset value per share growth figures for periods of one, three, five and ten years to the balance sheet date, on both an unadjusted basis (i.e. without dividends re-invested) and on a Total Return basis.

Unadjusted performance in years to  31 January 2017 1 year 3 year 5 year 10 year*
Net asset value per share 19.2% 28.6% 53.0% 91.6%
Share price 28.2% 24.0% 95.7% 81.0%
FTSE All-Share Index 15.7% 10.3% 31.6% 19.8%
     
Total Return performance in years to  31 January 2017 1 year 3 year 5 year 10 year*
Net asset value per share 23.4% 38.1% 66.9% 119.4%
Share price 31.6% 35.1% 118.3% 115.2%
FTSE All-Share Index 20.1% 22.6% 57.0% 71.2%

* As the Company changed its year end in 2010, the ten year figures are for the 121 month period to 31 January 2017.

Underlying valuation movement is the change in the valuation of the Company's Portfolio, before the effect of currency movements.

Undrawn commitments are commitments that have not yet been drawn down (see definition of drawdowns).

Uplift on exit represents the increase in gross value relative to the underlying manager's most recent valuation prior to the announcement of the disposal. Excludes a small number of investments that were public throughout the life of the investment. May differ from uplift in the reporting period in certain instances.




This announcement is distributed by Nasdaq Corporate Solutions on behalf of Nasdaq Corporate Solutions clients.
The issuer of this announcement warrants that they are solely responsible for the content, accuracy and originality of the information contained therein.
Source: ICG Enterprise Trust Plc via Globenewswire


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Notice of Results for Year Ended 31 January 2017 - RNS