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Dairy Crest Group PLC  -  DCG   

Preliminary Results

Released 07:00 18-May-2017

RNS Number : 4803F
Dairy Crest Group PLC
18 May 2017
 

 

 

 

18 May 2017

Dairy Crest Group plc ("Dairy Crest")

Preliminary Results Announcement for the year ended 31 March 2017

 

Highlights

·    Adjusted profit before tax1, 2  up 5% to £60.6m

·    Cathedral City returns to volume growth in the second half - strong momentum in 2017/18

·    Frylight, Clover and Country Life spreadable all grow volume and increase market share 

·    Demineralised whey production meets targeted levels of infant formula grade

·    Partnerships with DuPont and others to research galacto-oligosaccharide usage in animal nutrition - trials under way

·    Innovation - proportion of sales from recently launched products now 13%, well above target

·    Net debt increased as expected due to completion of Davidstow commissioning and final payment to Muller on sale of Dairies business

·    Proposed final dividend up 2% to 16.3 pence

 

Financial Summary

 

 

Year ended 31 March

 

2017

2016

Change

Revenue 1

£416.6m

£422.3m

-1%

Adjusted profit before tax 1, 2

£60.6m

£57.7m

5%

Profit before tax 1

£40.3m

£45.4m

-11%

Adjusted basic earnings per share1, 2

35.6p

34.5p

+3%

Basic earnings per share 1

23.7p

27.9p

-15%

Profit/(loss) attributable to equity shareholders

£38.3m

£(113.0)m

n/a

Operating cash flow 3

£32.8m

£(17.9)m

n/a

Net debt

£249.8m

£229.0m

+9%

Final dividend

16.3p

16.0p

+2%

 

1 From continuing operations

2 Before exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles and pension interest

3 Cash generated from operations, less capital expenditure, before exceptional cash outflows of £25.6m (2016: £17.6m)

 

 

 

Commenting on the results, Mark Allen, Chief Executive, Dairy Crest Group plc said:

"In the first full year since the transformational sale of our Dairies business, we have delivered a robust performance in a tough market.

"Our industry leading margins are the result of our focus on driving long-term value through brand building, innovation, investment in a world class supply chain and strong cost control. 

"Our key brands are performing well. Cathedral City remains the nation's favourite cheese and following its brand refresh at the start of the year, the good progress and momentum we have seen in the last six months has continued in the new financial year. Our overall spreads market share has increased, and Frylight had another outstanding year with sales growing 19%. This is well ahead of the market. The ongoing investment that we are putting behind our brands gives me confidence that we can grow market share. 

"We have continued to make good progress in our demineralised whey operations at Davidstow. We are now hitting our targeted level of infant formula grade. Developing our sales of demineralised whey and GOS into the high-margin global infant formula market will be a key priority this year. At the same time we will continue our research into other potential animal and human applications for GOS.

"Looking forward, I am excited about the future for Dairy Crest.  The business is well positioned to deliver profitable, sustainable growth and stronger cash generation. This underpins our commitment to growing our dividends and reducing debt."

 

 

For further information, please contact:

 

 

 

 

 

Dairy Crest

Alistair Smith

01372 472236

Dairy Crest

Tom Atherton

01372 472264

Brunswick

Mike Smith

0207 404 5959

 

A video interview with Mark Allen and Tom Atherton is available from the investor section of the Group's website www.dairycrest.co.uk/investors. There will be an analyst and investor meeting at 10:00 (UK time) today at The Lincoln Centre, 18 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3ED, following which an audiocast of the presentation will be available from the investor section of the Group's website www.dairycrest.co.uk/investors.

 

Chief Executive's Review

Summary: margin improvement despite deflation

Dairy Crest has implemented significant changes during the last two years.  We are a much leaner, more focused organisation that makes predominantly branded and high value added products.  This allows management and the business to focus on those areas that will drive long-term value creation: innovation, brand building, efficiency improvements and cost reduction. 

I am particularly pleased that overall margins in the business have improved. This is despite the difficult input cost environment and the longer than expected commissioning period of the new functional ingredients facility at Davidstow. The strength of our brands, our well-invested supply chain and the quality of our people all ensure that the Company is well positioned for the future. This will help us to maintain our strong track record of rewarding shareholders with higher dividends.

 

Market background: the return of inflation

We are a major UK buyer of milk and last year we purchased around 500 million litres. The past year has seen a turning point in dairy prices.  After a prolonged period of deflation, dairy commodity prices have experienced strong gains.  Low milk prices had an effect on milk volumes. They were down in most large milk producing countries across the world.  Consequently milk prices rose.  During the course of the year we have increased the price we pay farmers for milk by 38% to 30 pence per litre. Since then we have announced a 1 pence per litre reduction from June and a further 1 pence per litre reduction from July.  We pay our farmers a fair, competitive price for their milk and our price remains one of the highest in the country.

However these inflationary forces do take time to work their way through to the prices that customers see in the shops.  In the first nine months of the financial year cheese retail prices fell or remained stable.  Since Christmas, however, we have seen evidence of prices increasing on shelf. Butter has been even more affected than cheese.  Cream prices, which determine the input costs for butter, more than doubled during the year. Inevitably this has impacted margins in our Butters, Spreads & Oils business.

Managing volatility is a challenge for both us and food retailers, our principal customers.  For this reason we continue to work with our customers to help to grow our categories through innovation, marketing and category merchandising.

 

Key brands perform robustly

Brand

Market

Dairy Crest volume growth*

Dairy Crest value growth*

Cathedral City

Cheese

(3)%

(9)%

Clover

Butters, spreads, margarine

1%

(9)%

Country Life

Butters, spreads, margarine

0%

2%

Frylight

Oils

23%

19%

Total

 

0%

(6)%

* Dairy Crest volume and value sales 12 months to 31 March 2017 vs 12 months to 31 March 2016

Overall revenues from our four key brands were down 6%. This is in line with our expectations.  Most of this decline was due to the deflationary market place that we experienced for over three quarters of the year.  Key brand volumes were flat across the year.  Volume growth in Frylight, Clover and Country Life spreadable was offset by declines in Country Life block butter, which we promoted less, and Cathedral City. However, as predicted, the latter made good progress in the second half of the year, with a return to volume growth.

Cheese

IRI data for the 52 weeks ended 25 March 2017 shows that the total cheese market grew by 3% in volume but was unchanged in value terms.  Within this the everyday cheese market grew by 2% in volume but fell by 3% in value, a deflation of 5%. For much of the year there were high levels of cheese stocks in the market. In order to maintain the brand's premium positioning within the category we decided against discounting aggressively.  Consequently, Cathedral City slightly underperformed this market growth, with volumes down 3% for the year. However volumes improved in the second half and this positive momentum has continued into 2017/18.

Cathedral City remains the nation's favourite cheese brand.  It accounts for 54% of total branded everyday cheese sales in the UK and almost three fifths of households bought Cathedral City during the past year.

Earlier in the year we successfully rolled out a refreshed master brand identity for Cathedral City.  The new design simplifies the brand, improves visibility on shelf and strengthens our range. This allows our brand investment to work better across the whole of the growing cheese category.  It was supported by significant investment including a successful new TV advertisement, "The Rules of Cheese".  We have seen a positive consumer reaction both to the new packaging and the marketing campaign.

Spreads and Butters

IRI total market data for the 52 weeks ended 25 March 2017 shows that butter volumes grew by 2% but that spreads volumes declined by 7%.  Selling prices for spreads were down very slightly for the year and for butters were up slightly.  However, for butters this full year number masks the change from heavy deflation in the first part of the year to price increases of 16% in the last quarter.

Our main spreads brand, Clover, had a very successful year, growing volumes at 1% versus a significant market decline, partly driven by increased promotional volumes. Our other smaller spreads brands, Utterly Butterly, Vitalite and Willow also performed well and our total volume growth in spreads, including Clover, was 4%, 11 percentage points better than the market.  This means that our overall spreads market share has climbed by 2 percentage points to 27.2%.

With Clover we continued to reinforce the 'no artificial ingredients' positioning through a marketing campaign in the first half of the year and launched new packaging in the second half of the year.  This further supports the naturalness messaging for the brand.  We were pleased that the 'no artificial ingredients' recipe received external recognition as "Product of the Year 2017" in the world's largest consumer survey award for product innovation.

Whilst Country Life overall volumes were flat for the year, sales were up 2%.  Country Life spreadable, which accounts for 65% of brand sales, grew volumes by 6% and was the best performing branded spreadable product for the year.  However the block product experienced a volume decline as we promoted less following the sharp rises in input costs.

 

Frylight: another exceptional year

Frylight, our one calorie cooking spray, has had another outstanding year.  Volumes grew by 23% and sales by 19%, well ahead of market growth of 1% and 2% respectively (Kantar data for the 52 weeks ended 26 March 2017).  Frylight has strengthened its lead as the UK's number one oil brand and increased its share of the market for the year to 11%, with a household penetration rate of 23%. 

During the year we redesigned the pack to emphasise its 'no artificial ingredients' credentials and this was highlighted in well received TV advertising during the fourth quarter. This advertising has driven increased growth in the final quarter with the market share climbing to 15% and the brand will be advertised again in the first quarter of this year. We were delighted that during the year Frylight received the Institute of Grocery and Distribution (IGD) Health and Wellness product award.

Infant formula quality improvement

The quality targets for infant formula grade demineralised whey are rightly demanding. During the year we have continually improved our product so that by the year end we had met our target of 80% of our whey being of infant formula grade.  The feedback we have received from customers so far on the quality of our product has been very positive.  In partnership with Fonterra we are building our sales relationships with infant formula producers for both galacto-oligosaccharide ('GOS') and demineralised whey and expect strong growth in sales of these products during the coming year, with the majority of this growth coming in the second half of the year.

Long-term demand for proteins looks robust. Whey protein concentrate prices have risen strongly in the second half and demineralised whey prices are now starting to firm.  We are well positioned to deliver improved returns in 2017/18.

An important part of the long-term future for GOS is its potential beyond the infant formula market to extend its use into other areas such as animal and adult human nutrition.  The research and development programme for GOS in animals has broadened and during the year we signed an agreement with Danisco Animal Nutrition, part of DuPont.  Trials are now underway in this partnership that will provide an extensive level of research into the benefits of GOS in the animal husbandry industry.

Innovation

The retained business is much more focused following the sale of the Dairies operations. The pace of innovation is, and needs to be, an important point of difference. Future growth will be underpinned by innovation.

Our Innovation Centre on the Harper Adams University campus, which opened in late 2015, is already helping to drive our ambitious target of 10% of sales each year coming from innovation in the previous three years. This year, helped by the re-launch of Clover with 'no artificial ingredients', we achieved 13% of sales from innovation during the last three years. This is an industry-leading level of innovation.

Innovation continues to drive our business forward.  As well as building on the success of the new Clover product, in the year ended 31 March 2017, we:

•     brought a new Frylight product to market - avocado spray oil;

•     developed a new Frylight cap design to be launched in early 2017/18;

•     launched a new Cathedral City snack bar range;

•     relaunched the Cathedral City spreadable range; 

•     strengthened our 'Dairy Free' Vitalite range with the launch of a new Coconut variant; and

•     agreed a partnership with Fowler Welch Coolchain Ltd, a logistics specialist, to maximise the throughput at our Nuneaton distribution and warehousing site.

A simpler business

Dairy Crest is a simple, lean and responsive business.  We have five well-invested manufacturing sites and fewer than 1,200 employees. There are opportunities to further simplify procedures and support structures within the business.  During the year we embarked on a change to our core IT systems which will bring benefits over the next two years. This will deliver a more appropriate and cost effective IT infrastructure for a business of our scale and is also acting as a catalyst for us to simplify the processes that sit alongside these IT systems.

We continue to drive operational efficiency improvements.  A particular focus is improving performance efficiency at Kirkby, where we successfully consolidated all our butters and spreads production onto one site in 2015.  We are confident that all our sites will contribute towards further improved productivity over the year to 31 March 2018.

Future prospects

In the first full year since the transformational sale of our Dairies business, we have delivered a robust performance in a tough market.

Our industry leading margins are the result of us driving long-term value through innovation, brand building, investment in a world class supply chain and strong cost control. 

Our key brands continue to perform well. Cathedral City remains the nation's favourite cheese and following its brand refresh at the start of the year, the good progress and momentum we have seen in the last six months has continued in the new financial year. Our overall spreads market share has climbed, and Frylight had another outstanding year with sales growing 19%, well ahead of the market. The ongoing investment that we are putting behind our brands gives me confidence that we can grow market share. 

We have continued to make good progress in our demineralised whey operations at Davidstow. We are now consistently hitting our targeted level of whey being of infant formula grade. Developing our sales of demineralised whey and GOS into the high-margin global infant formula market will be a key priority this year. At the same time we are continuing our research into other potential animal and human applications for GOS.

Looking forward, I am excited about the future for Dairy Crest.  The business is well positioned to deliver profitable, sustainable growth and stronger cash generation, underpinning our commitment to growing our dividends and reducing debt.

Mark Allen

Chief Executive

17 May 2017

 

Financial Review

Overview

This year we have delivered a set of results which demonstrate the underlying robustness of our business. Revenue is lower than last year despite flat volumes reflecting the deflationary environment that existed for much of the last two years. However, milk and butter input costs rose significantly as the year progressed. Despite this highly volatile background we improved profit margins.

Continuing operations

Revenue

We continue to provide product group analysis consistent with prior years to assist the users of the Financial Statements although the Group operated as one segment throughout the year ended 31 March 2017.

 

2017

£m

2016

£m

Change

£m

Change

%

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

254.8

263.7

(8.9)

(3.4)

Butters, Spreads & Oils

150.7

152.6

(1.9)

(1.2)

Other

11.1

6.0

5.1

85.0

Continuing operations

416.6

422.3

(5.7)

(1.3)

 

Revenue decreased by 1.3% to £416.6 million, although revenue in the second half of the year was 3.7% ahead of the same period last year. Despite sales volumes across our four key brands remaining broadly flat the Group faced price deflation in the first half which only partially reversed in the second half of the year. Cheese and whey revenue fell by £8.9 million (3.4%) with decreased sales volumes and prices. Revenue in butters, spreads and oils fell by £1.9 million (1.2%) as price deflation across spreads and butter in the first half of the year more than offset the second half recovery and the strong value and volume growth in Frylight. Other revenue comprised warehousing and distribution services provided to third parties.

 

Profit on continuing operations

 

2017

£m

2016

£m

Change

£m

Change

%

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

42.8

36.4

6.4

17.6

Butters, Spreads & Oils

25.5

29.6

(4.1)

(13.9)

 

 

 

 

 

Total product group profit

68.3

66.0

2.3

3.5

Acquired intangible amortisation

(0.4)

(0.4)

-

-

Group profit on continuing operations (pre-exceptional items)

67.9

65.6

2.3

3.5

 

Overall total product group profit (before interest, acquired intangible amortisation and exceptional items) increased by £2.3 million to £68.3 million and the margin increased to 16.4% (2016: 15.6%). This margin is after charging all central corporate costs and includes £3.0 million profit (2016: £3.6 million) on the sale of closed depots that were not disposed of as part of the sale of the Dairies business in 2015 to Müller UK & Ireland Group LLP ("Muller"). These depot sales are expected to continue next year but will then cease. Their treatment as operating income is consistent with the treatment in previous years of the related closure costs. Future sales of ex-manufacturing sites such as Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire and Crudgington, Shropshire will be classified as exceptional consistent with the historic treatment of the related closure costs.

Cheese and functional ingredients product group profits increased by 17.6% and the margin increased to 16.8% (2016: 13.8%). This is despite lower revenue which reflected lower selling prices during the year. The profit and margin benefited from the reduction in milk costs in 2015/16 that resulted in lower cost of sales in 2016/17 due to the 12 month average cheese maturation cycle.

Milk costs increased significantly in the second half of the year and these costs will lead to higher cost of sales in 2017/18.

Butters, spreads and oils product group profits at £25.5 million (2016: £29.6 million) were £4.1 million lower than 2016 with profit margins of 16.9% (2016: 19.4%) reflecting the competitive butters and spreads market and significantly higher butter input costs.

 

Exceptional items

Pre-tax exceptional charges from continuing operations increased to £19.1 million (2016: £11.3 million).

The Group incurred £19.0 million of exceptional costs in relation to the building and commissioning of the demineralised whey and GOS facilities at the Davidstow creamery in Cornwall (2016: £16.2 million). The principal elements of spend were duplicate running costs, stock write-offs, commissioning expenses and project management. In addition, there was an exceptional charge of £2.3 million (2016: £nil) relating to the disposal costs of closed manufacturing sites at Totnes, Fenstanton and Crudgington. The treatment of this charge as an exceptional item is consistent with the treatment of the closure costs in prior years. These costs have been partly offset by the release of £2.2 million of an exceptional provision in relation to the settlement of historic claims between the Group, Farmright Limited and Quadra Foods Limited at £1.0 million, which was lower than the creditor balance held of £3.2 million.

In 2016 an exceptional provision of £1.8 million was created for dilapidation costs for leased properties in the retained business, crystallised by the sale of the Dairies business, and provisions relating to the closure of the Crudgington site totalling £0.7 million were released. The Group also realised a gain in 2016 of £6.0 million on its investment in Promovita at the point that it acquired 100% control in December 2015.

Finance costs

Finance costs of £7.7 million reduced by £0.6 million in the year. This reflected the benefit from refinancing the £80 million of loan notes that matured in April 2016 with loan notes issued in March 2016 at a lower interest rate. This was offset by a £0.7 million reduction in interest capitalised on the investment at Davidstow and increased interest costs on borrowings under the revolving credit facility, as the total level of borrowings increased. The interest cost will increase next year as the capitalisation of interest on the investment at Davidstow will cease. Capitalised interest costs in the year amounted to £3.1 million (2016: £3.8 million).

Interest cover excluding pension interest, calculated on total product group profit was 9.0 times (2016: 8.1 times). 

Other finance expenses, which comprise the net expected return on pension scheme assets after deducting the interest cost on the defined benefit obligation, increased slightly to £0.8 million (2016: £0.6 million). These costs are dependent upon the pension scheme position at 31 March each year and are volatile, being subject to market fluctuations. We therefore exclude this item from headline adjusted profit before tax.

 

Profit before tax - continuing operations

 

2017

£m

2016

£m

Change

£m

Change

%

Total product group profit

68.3

66.0

2.3

3.5

Finance costs

(7.7)

(8.3)

0.6

7.2

Adjusted profit before tax

60.6

57.7

2.9

5.0

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

(0.4)

(0.4)

-

 

Exceptional items

(19.1)

(11.3)

(7.8)

 

Other finance expenses - pensions

(0.8)

(0.6)

(0.2)

 

Reported profit before tax - continuing operations

40.3

45.4

(5.1)

(11.2)

 

Adjusted profit before tax (before exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles and pension interest) increased by 5.0% to £60.6 million. This is management's key Group profit measure because it excludes exceptional items and therefore gives a better indication of underlying performance. Reported profit before tax of £40.3 million represents a £5.1 million (11.2%) decrease from 2016 predominantly due to the increase in exceptional items.

Taxation

The Group's effective pre-exceptional tax rate on continuing operations was 18.0% (2016: 17.5%). The effective tax rate is slightly below the headline rate of UK corporate tax as we continue to sell a small number of properties the profits on which are offset by brought forward capital losses or roll over relief.

Earnings per share

The Group's adjusted basic earnings per share from continuing operations increased by 3.2% to 35.6 pence (2016: 34.5 pence) as a result of the increase in adjusted profit before tax and the lower tax charge. Basic earnings per share from continuing operations, which includes the impact of exceptional items, pension interest expense and the amortisation of acquired intangibles, amounted to 23.7 pence (2016: 27.9 pence).

Discontinued operations

The post-tax profit on discontinued operations totalled £5.2 million.

A gain of £1.4 million relates to the disposal of the Dairies business, which completed in 2015/16. This gain includes: additional costs of £2.1 million resulting from a reassessment of liabilities at the date of disposal; the final consideration reduction of £2.5 million paid back to Muller following determination by an independent expert; and a tax credit on these items of £6.0 million.

There is a discontinued credit of £3.8 million that relates to the release of tax provisions held in relation to the St Hubert business that was sold in August 2012.  These provisions are no longer required.

In 2016 the loss from discontinued operations was £151.5 million. This reflected operating losses in the nine months to December 2015 of £33.3 million (post tax £26.4 million), post-tax exceptional items totalling £14.4 million as the operations to be sold were carved out of the Dairy Crest Group and site restructuring continued in the Dairies business and a post-tax loss on disposal of £110.7 million.

Full details of discontinued operations are set out in the notes to the financial statements.

Group result for the year

The reported Group profit for the year from continuing operations was £33.1 million (2016: £38.5 million). The profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders was £38.3 million (2016: £113.0 million loss).

Dividends

We remain committed to a progressive dividend policy and have continued to deliver against that policy by increasing our proposed final dividend by 1.9%. The proposed final dividend of 16.3 pence per share represents an increase of 0.3 pence per share. Together with the interim dividend of 6.2 pence per share (2016: 6.1 pence per share) the total dividend for the year is 22.5 pence per share (2016: 22.1 pence per share). The final dividend will be paid on 11 August 2017 to shareholders on the register on 7 July 2017.

Dividend cover of 1.6 times is within the Board's target range of 1.5 to 2.5 times (2016: 1.6 times).

Pensions

During the year ended 31 March 2017 the Group paid £13.1 million cash contributions into the closed defined benefit pension scheme (2016: £20.8 million including an £8.3 million prepayment of future agreed cash contributions in relation to lease payments on three properties owned by the pension scheme).

The reported deficit under IAS 19 at 31 March 2017 was £109.6 million; an increase of £67.1 million from March 2016. The principal reason for the increase was falling corporate bond yields which are the reference point for the discount rate used to value scheme liabilities.

The March 2016 actuarial valuation and corresponding schedule of contributions has yet to be finalised. This valuation will determine future cash contributions and will replace the existing funding plan which has cash contributions for 2017/18 of £17.2 million.

We continue to manage pension scheme liabilities and during the year a Flexible Retirement Option programme was undertaken resulting in £18.8 million of liabilities being permanently removed from the scheme.

Cash flow

The business generates strong operating cash flows. However the year saw a number of one-off items in the form of final payments associated with the sale of the Dairies business and high levels of exceptional commissioning costs at Davidstow. 

In the year ended 31 March 2017 cash generated from operations was £32.8 million (2016: £31.3 million). Operating cash flow was impacted by a £6.1 million increase in working capital (2016: £14.0 million reduction). This reflected higher stocks of demineralised whey powder and lower levels of creditors. Exceptional cash costs of £25.6 million (2016: £17.6 million) relate principally to the commissioning of the demineralised whey and GOS plants at Davidstow.  This commissioning is now substantially complete.

Cash interest payments amounted to £12.2 million (2016: £12.8 million) reflecting lower costs on the Group's loan notes following the maturity of notes in April 2016. Capital expenditure of £25.6 million represents a £41.2 million (62%) reduction from last year's £66.8 million. This reflects the completion of the projects at Davidstow. Capital expenditure next year is expected to be similar to this year. 

Proceeds from depot disposals were £4.5 million (2016: £5.4 million).  In addition the Group received £37.9 million from the sale of some of the assets at Davidstow relating to GOS and demineralised whey, which were subsequently leased back on operating lease terms. During the year the Group repaid a total of £28.4 million to Muller including £2.5 million following the independent expert's determination of final adjustments to the consideration. In 2016 the sale of our Dairies business resulted in initial cash proceeds of £54.5 million - comprising headline proceeds of £80.0 million less £15.0 million for the cost of the undertaking in lieu, £7.5 million of property sales from which the Group had already received the cash proceeds and £3.0 million in relation to pre-sale capital expenditure in the Dairies business falling below an agreed target. Against this, the Group paid £5.5 million in related fees reflecting the extended review undertaken by the CMA. The Group also paid £6 million for the outstanding 50% of the share capital of Promovita in 2015/16.

Overall, the final payments to Muller, the commissioning costs at Davidstow and the adverse movement in working capital offset by the sale and leaseback at Davidstow have resulted in a £20.8 million increase in net debt during the year (2016: £30.3 million increase) to £249.8 million (2016: £229.0 million).   However, looking ahead, strong underlying cash generation will translate into lower levels of borrowing as these one-off factors fall away - the Dairies business is sold, Davidstow commissioning is complete and milk input costs are set to reduce in June 2017.  We remain committed to reducing net debt to EBITDA to below 2.0 times.

Borrowing facilities

Total borrowing facilities comprise £380 million Sterling equivalent.

The Group has a five year multi-currency revolving credit facility for £240 million which reduces by £80 million in October 2018. 

At 31 March 2017 the Group had a swapped Sterling equivalent of £140 million of loan notes outstanding maturing between 2017 and 2026.

Post balance sheet events

On 4 April 2017, the Group repaid €10.7 million (£9.2 million Sterling equivalent) and £2.8 million of 2007 fixed coupon loan notes on their maturity.

Treasury Policies

The Group operates a centralised treasury function, which controls cash management and borrowings and the Group's financial risks. The main treasury risks faced by the Group are liquidity, interest rates and foreign currency. The Group only uses derivatives to manage its foreign currency and interest rate risks arising from underlying business and financing activities. Transactions of a speculative nature are prohibited. The Group's treasury activities are governed by policies approved and monitored by the Board.

Tom Atherton

Finance Director

17 May 2017

Consolidated income statement

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Before

 

 

 

 

 

Before

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

exceptional

 

Exceptional

 

 

 

exceptional

 

Exceptional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

items

 

items

 

Total

 

items

 

items

 

Total

 

 

 

 

Note

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Revenue

 

 

2

 

416.6

 

-

 

416.6

 

422.3

 

-

 

422.3

Operating costs

 

 

3,5

 

(351.7)

 

(19.1)

 

(370.8)

 

(360.3)

 

(17.3)

 

(377.6)

Remeasurement gain on Promovita Ingredients

5,19

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

6.0

 

6.0

Other income - property

 

 

4

 

3.0

 

-

 

3.0

 

3.6

 

-

 

3.6

Profit on continuing operations

 

 

 

67.9

 

(19.1)

 

48.8

 

65.6

 

(11.3)

 

54.3

Finance costs

 

 

6

 

(7.7)

 

-

 

(7.7)

 

(8.3)

 

-

 

(8.3)

Other finance expense - pensions

 

16

 

(0.8)

 

-

 

(0.8)

 

(0.6)

 

-

 

(0.6)

Profit before tax from continuing operations

 

 

59.4

 

(19.1)

 

40.3

 

56.7

 

(11.3)

 

45.4

Tax (expense) / credit

 

 

7

 

(10.7)

 

3.5

 

(7.2)

 

(9.9)

 

3.0

 

(6.9)

Profit  from continuing operations

 

 

 

48.7

 

(15.6)

 

33.1

 

46.8

 

(8.3)

 

38.5

Profit / (loss) from discontinued operations

 

8,19

 

(1.8)

 

7.0

 

5.2

 

(26.4)

 

(125.1)

 

(151.5)

Profit / (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders

 

 

46.9

 

(8.6)

 

38.3

 

20.4

 

(133.4)

 

(113.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations (pence)

9

 

23.7

 

 

27.9

 

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (pence)

9

 

23.5

 

 

27.7

 

Basic earnings / (loss) per share (pence)

9

 

27.4

 

 

(81.9)

 

Diluted earnings / (loss) per share (pence)

9

 

27.1

 

 

(81.3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proposed final dividend (£m)

 

10

 

22.8

 

 

22.3

 

Interim dividend paid (£m)

 

 

10

 

8.7

 

 

8.4

 

Proposed final dividend (pence)

 

10

 

16.3

 

 

16.0

 

Interim dividend paid (pence)

 

10

 

6.2

 

 

6.1

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

 

£m

 

£m

 

Profit / (loss) for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38.3

 

(113.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income to be reclassified to profit and loss in subsequent years:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges - reclassification adjustment for (losses) / gains in income statement

 

 

 

(4.8)

 

4.4

 

Cash flow hedges - gains / (losses) recognised in other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

1.6

 

(5.4)

 

Tax relating to components of other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

7

 

0.9

 

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.3)

 

(0.8)

 

Other comprehensive income not to be reclassified to profit and loss in subsequent years:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurement of defined benefit pension plans

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

(80.4)

 

(20.5)

 

Tax relating to components of other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

7

 

10.7

 

1.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(69.7)

 

(19.5)

 

Other comprehensive loss for the year, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

(72.0)

 

(20.3)

 

Total comprehensive loss for the year, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

(33.7)

 

(133.3)

 

 

All amounts are attributable to owners of the parent.

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet

At 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

 

£m

 

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

11

 

198.6

 

233.9

 

Goodwill

 

 

 

12

 

86.3

 

86.3

 

Intangible assets

 

 

 

13

 

14.4

 

11.1

 

Investments

 

 

-

 

0.5

 

Deferred tax asset

 

 

7

 

29.6

 

19.3

 

Financial assets - Derivative financial instruments

 

 

12.3

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

341.2

 

353.4

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

 

 

 

 

154.2

 

152.1

 

Trade and other receivables

 

 

 

33.4

 

43.2

 

Financial assets - Derivative financial instruments

 

 

-

 

16.0

 

Cash and short-term deposits

 

 

 

20.9

 

100.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

208.5

 

311.6

 

Non-current assets held for sale

14

 

7.4

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

 

 

2

 

557.1

 

665.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity and Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities

- Long-term borrowings

15

 

(274.2)

 

(250.3)

 

 

 

- Derivative financial instruments

15

 

-

 

(1.3)

 

Retirement benefit obligations

 

16

 

(109.6)

 

(42.5)

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

7

 

-

 

-

 

Deferred income

 

 

 

 

(3.0)

 

(4.5)

 

Provisions

 

 

18

 

(2.0)

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(388.8)

 

(298.6)

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

17

 

(79.1)

 

(120.3)

 

Financial liabilities

- Short-term borrowings

15

 

(12.8)

 

(96.5)

 

 

 

- Derivative financial instruments

15

 

(0.3)

 

-

 

Current tax liability

 

 

 

 

-

 

(3.8)

 

Deferred income

 

 

 

 

(1.5)

 

(1.6)

 

Provisions

 

 

 

18

 

(2.7)

 

(10.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(96.4)

 

(232.2)

 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

(485.2)

 

(530.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shares

 

 

 

 

(35.3)

 

(35.2)

 

Share premium

 

 

 

 

(85.6)

 

(84.3)

 

Interest in ESOP

 

 

 

 

0.5

 

0.5

 

Other reserves

 

 

 

 

 

(48.3)

 

(50.6)

 

Retained earnings

 

 

 

 

96.8

 

35.4

 

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

 

(71.9)

 

(134.2)

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

 

 

(557.1)

 

(665.0)

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Attributable to owners of the parent

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to owners of the parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary

 

Share

 

Interest

 

Other

 

Retained

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shares

 

premium

 

in ESOP

 

Reserves

 

earnings

 

Equity

2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

At 31 March 2016

 

 

 

 

35.2

 

84.3

 

(0.5)

 

50.6

 

(35.4)

 

134.2

Profit for the year

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

38.3

 

38.3

Other comprehensive gain / (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(3.2)

 

-

 

(3.2)

Remeasurement of defined benefit pension plan

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(80.4)

 

(80.4)

Tax on components of other comprehensive income

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

0.9

 

10.7

 

11.6

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(2.3)

 

(69.7)

 

(72.0)

Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(2.3)

 

(31.4)

 

(33.7)

Issue of share capital

 

 

 

 

0.1

 

1.3

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1.4

Share-based payments

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1.2

 

1.2

Tax on share-based payments

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(0.1)

 

(0.1)

Equity dividends

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(31.1)

 

(31.1)

)

At 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

35.3

 

85.6

 

(0.5)

 

48.3

 

(96.8)

 

71.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015

 

 

 

 

34.4

 

79.8

 

(0.1)

 

51.4

 

124.3

 

289.8

Loss for the year

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

(0.3)

 

-

 

(112.7)

 

(113.0)

Other comprehensive gain / (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1.0)

 

-

 

(1.0)

Remeasurement of defined benefit pension plan

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(20.5)

 

(20.5)

Tax on components of other comprehensive income

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

0.2

 

1.0

 

1.2

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(0.8)

 

(19.5)

 

(20.3)

 

Total comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

(0.3)

 

(0.8)

 

(132.2)

 

(133.3)

Issue of share capital

 

 

 

 

0.8

 

4.5

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

5.3

Shares acquired by ESOP

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

(0.3)

 

-

 

-

 

(0.3)

Exercise of options

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

0.2

 

-

 

(0.2)

 

-

Share-based payments

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

2.3

 

2.3

Tax on shared-base payments

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

0.4

 

0.4

Equity dividends

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(30.0)

 

(30.0)

At 31 March 2016

 

 

 

 

35.2

 

84.3

 

(0.5)

 

50.6

 

(35.4)

 

134.2

 

 

Consolidated statement of cash flows

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

Note

 

£m

 

£m

Cash generated from operations

 

 

20

 

32.8

 

31.3

Interest paid

 

 

 

 

 

(12.2)

 

(12.8)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

 

20.6

 

18.5

Cash flow from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

(25.6)

 

(66.8)

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

42.4

 

5.4

Purchase of businesses and investments

 

 

19

 

-

 

(6.0)

(Repayment) / proceeds relating to sale of businesses net of fees

 

 

19

 

(28.4)

 

49.0

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

 

(11.6)

 

(18.4)

Cash flow from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Repayment) / Issue of loan notes

 

 

21

 

(80.2)

 

76.1

Net drawdown under revolving credit facilities

 

 

21

 

23.0

 

-

Dividends paid

 

 

 

10

 

(31.1)

 

(30.0)

Proceeds from issue of shares (net of issue costs)

 

 

 

1.4

 

5.0

Finance lease repayments

 

 

21

 

(1.5)

 

(1.5)

Net cash (used in) / generated from financing activities

 

 

 

(88.4)

 

49.6

Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

(79.4)

 

49.7

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

 

21

 

100.3

 

50.6

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

 

21

 

20.9

 

100.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt at end of year

 

 

21

 

(249.8)

 

(229.0)

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement                                                                                                                                                                      

1 Basis of preparation

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Disclosure and Transparency Rules of the UK Financial Services Authority, International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") and International Financial reporting Interpretation Committee ("IFRIC") interpretations as endorsed by the European Union, and those parts of the Companies Act 2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.  Except as described below, the accounting policies applied are consistent with those of the annual financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2016, as described in those financial statements.

 

The following accounting standards and interpretations became effective for the current reporting period:  

 

·     IAS 7 'Disclosure Initiative' - Amendments to IAS7

·     IAS 12 'Recognition of Deferred Tax Assets for Unrealised Losses' - Amendments to IAS 12

·     IFRS 12 'Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities' - Clarification of the scope of the disclosure requirements in IFRS 12

 

The application of these standards has had no material impact on the net assets, results and disclosures of the Group in the year ended 31 March 2017.

 

The financial information set out in this document does not constitute the statutory accounts of the Group for the years ended 31 March 2017 or 31 March 2016 but is derived from the 2017 Group Annual Report and Financial Statements.  The Group Annual Report and Financial Statements for 2017 will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies in due course.  The auditors have reported on those accounts and have given an unqualified report, which does not contain a statement under Section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

 

 

2 Segmental analysis                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

IFRS 8 requires operating segments to be determined based on the Group's internal reporting to the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM").  The CODM has been determined to be the Company's Board members as they are primarily responsible for the allocation of resources to segments and the assessment of performance of the segments.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

The business is managed centrally by functional teams (Demand, Supply, Procurement and Finance) that have responsibility for the whole of the Group's product portfolio. Although some discrete financial information is available to provide insight to the management team of the key performance drivers, the product group profit is not part of the CODM's review. Management has judged that the continuing Group comprises one operating segment under IFRS 8. As such, disclosures required under IFRS 8 for the financial statements are shown on the face of the consolidated income statement and balance sheet.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

To assist the readers of the financial statements, management considers it appropriate to provide voluntary disclosure on a basis consistent with historical reporting of the cheese and functional ingredients product group and the butters, spreads and oils product group results included within the consolidated income statement. In disclosing the product group profit for the year, certain assumptions have been made when allocating resources which are centralised at a group level.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

The 'Other' product group comprises revenue earned from distributing products for third parties and certain central costs net of recharges to the other product groups. Generally, central costs less external 'Other' revenue is recharged back into the product groups such that their result reflects the total cost base of the Group. 'Other' operating profit therefore is nil.                                                                                                           

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

2 Segmental analysis (continued)

 

The results under the historical segmentation basis for the continuing business included in the financial information are as follows:                              

                                                                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

 

£m

 

£m

External revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

 

 

 

 

254.8

 

263.7

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

 

 

150.7

 

152.6

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.1

 

6.0

Total product group external revenue - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

416.6

 

422.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product group profit *

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

 

 

 

 

42.8

 

36.4

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

 

 

25.5

 

29.6

Total product group profit - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

68.3

 

66.0

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

(7.7)

 

(8.3)

Adjusted profit before tax - continuing operations**

 

 

 

 

 

 

60.6

 

57.7

Acquired intangible amortisation

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

(0.4)

 

(0.4)

Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

(19.1)

 

(11.3)

Other finance expense - pensions

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

(0.8)

 

(0.6)

Group profit before tax - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40.3

 

45.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Total assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 £m

 

£m

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

 

 

 

 

305.8

 

331.6

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

 

 

150.5

 

147.2

Investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

0.5

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100.8

 

47.8

Total product group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

557.1

 

527.1

Unallocated assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

137.9

Total assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

557.1

 

665.0

 

* Profit on operations before exceptional items and amortisation of acquired intangibles.

 

** Adjusted profit before tax from continuing operations is presented as management's key Group profit measure because it excludes exceptional items and therefore gives a better indication of the underlying operational performance of the Group. The calculations also exclude amortisation of acquired intangibles and pension interest in relation to the Group's defined benefit pension scheme, being dependent on market assumptions at 31 March each year.

                                                                               

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

£m

 

£m

Product group depreciation and amortisation (excluding amortisation of acquired intangible assets)

 

 

 

 

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

(8.6)

 

(8.1)

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

(4.0)

 

(4.5)

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.8)

 

(5.0)

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(15.4)

 

(17.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product group additions to non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

 

 

21.6

 

65.8

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

6.4

 

2.5

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.6

 

4.1

Total

 

 

 

 

30.6

 

72.4

 

Dairies additions not included above amounted to £nil (2016: £7.3 million)

 

Product group exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

Cheese and Functional Ingredients

 

 

 

 

(19.0)

 

(10.2)

Butters, Spreads and Oils

 

 

 

 

-

 

0.7

Unsegmented

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

(1.8)

Total exceptional operating costs 

 

 

 

 

(19.1)

 

(11.3)

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

2 Segmental analysis (continued)

 

Interest income and expense are not included in the measure of product group profit. Group treasury has always been centrally managed and external interest income and expense are not allocated to product groups. Further analysis of the Group interest expense is provided in Note 6.                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Tax costs are not included in the measure of product group profit.

 

Product group assets comprise property, plant and equipment, goodwill, intangible assets, inventories, receivables and cash and cash equivalents. They exclude derivative financial assets and deferred tax assets. Other product group assets comprise certain property, plant and equipment that is not reported in product groups.

 

Product group depreciation and amortisation excludes amortisation of acquired intangible assets of £0.4 million (2016: £0.4 million) as these costs are not charged in the product group result.

 

Product group additions to non-current assets comprise additions to goodwill, intangible assets and property, plant and equipment through capital expenditure and acquisition of businesses.

 

 

 

 

Year ended

Geographical information - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

External revenue attributed on basis of customer location

 

 

£m

 

£m

UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

404.7

 

411.3

Rest of world

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.9

 

11.0

Total revenue

 

 

 

 

416.6

 

422.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

336.3

 

350.6

Rest of world

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

0.5

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

336.3

 

351.1

* Comprises property, plant and equipment, goodwill, intangible assets, investments, deferred tax asset and assets held for sale.                                                                                

The Group has three customers which individually represent more than 10% of revenue from continuing operations in the year ended 31 March 2017 (2016: four) with each customer accounting for £54.2 million, £56.2 million and £92.7 million (2016: £46.9 million, £53.6 million, £67.6 million and £102.1 million) of revenue from continuing operations, being 13.0%, 13.5% and 22.3% (2016: 11.1%, 12.7% 16.0% and 24.2%).                                                                                                                              

 

3 Operating costs - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

Year ended 31 March 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Before

 

 

 

 

 

Before

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

exceptional

 

Exceptional

 

 

 

exceptional

 

Exceptional

 

 

 

 

 

items

 

items

 

Total

 

items

 

items

 

Total

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Cost of sales

 

 

287.5

 

19.1

 

306.6

 

295.6

 

15.5

 

311.1

Distribution costs

 

31.6

 

-

 

31.6

 

26.7

 

-

 

26.7

Administrative expenses

 

32.6

 

-

 

32.6

 

38.0

 

1.8

 

39.8

 

 

 

351.7

 

19.1

 

370.8

 

360.3

 

17.3

 

377.6

 

 

4 Other income - property

 

Other income of £3.0 million (2016: £3.6 million) relates to the profits from the disposal of closed Dairies depots retained by Dairy Crest.

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

5 Exceptional items

 

Exceptional items comprise those items that are material and one-off in nature that the Group believes should be separately disclosed to assist in the understanding of the underlying financial performance of the Group.

 

The exceptional items charge to the operating costs of the continuing operations are analysed below. The exceptional items charged in relation to discontinued operations are analysed in Note 8.

 

                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Operating costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Demineralised whey powder and GOS projects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(19.0)

 

(16.2)

Property provision

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(1.8)

Spreads restructuring costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

0.7

Disposal costs in relation to closed manufacturing sites

 

 

 

 

 

(2.3)

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

(21.3)

 

(17.3)

Settlement gain in relation to Farmright Limited and Quadra Foods Limited

 

2.2

 

-

Gain on remeasurement to fair value of original investment in Promovita Ingredients Limited

 

-

 

6.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(19.1)

 

(11.3)

Tax relief on exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.8

 

3.0

Release of deferred tax liability in respect of industrial buildings

 

 

 

 

 

0.7

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

(15.6)

 

(8.3)

 

Demineralised whey powder and GOS projects                                                                                                                                           

The Group has completed an investment in its cheese creamery at Davidstow, Cornwall enabling the Group to manufacture demineralised whey powder, a base ingredient of infant formula, and galacto-oligosaccharide ("GOS"), widely used in infant formula.  During the year £19.0 million of costs were charged to the income statement in relation to this project.  £12.3 million related to commissioning of the facility of which £7.3 million was for the write-down of product produced during the commissioning process which did not meet the required standard to be considered for infant formula. In addition, £5.8 million related to project review costs. A further £0.9 million has been charged in respect of a financial liability relating to the project that did not meet the criteria for hedge accounting due to it being an ineffective hedge at 31 March 2017. In the prior year £16.2 million of exceptional costs were incurred of which £5.3 million related to the commissioning and £6.5 million on project review costs. A further £4.4 million was charged for set up costs. The tax credit relating to this exceptional charge in the year was £3.1 million (2016: £2.7 million). Management considers these costs to be exceptional due to the materiality and the one-off nature of the capital project to which they relate and do not expect any significant costs in relation to this project going forward.     

 

Disposal costs in relation to closed manufacturing sites          

The Group has incurred costs of £2.3 million relating to the disposal of closed manufacturing sites in Totnes in Devon, Fenstanton in Cambridgshire and Crudgington in Shropshire. Management has determined these properties to be 'held for sale' at the 31 March 2017 and any future gains in respect of these properties will be treated as exceptional consistent with the historical closure costs. The tax credit in relation to these costs was £0.1 million.             

 

Settlement gain in relation to Farmright Limited and Quadra Foods Limited     

On 9 May 2016, the Group paid £1.0 million in full and final settlement of claims arising out of the debt originally owed to Farmright Limited. Claims between the Group, Farmright Limited and Quadra Foods Limited (and any assignees of the claims) are now resolved. Following settlement, £2.1 million plus a provision for professional fees of £0.1 million which was no longer required, have been released. Management considers this credit to be exceptional due to it being one-off in nature and in relation to the debt of Quadra Foods Limited, for which £4.3 million was provided for under an exceptional impairment provision in the year ended 31 March 2012.  The tax charge in relation to this release was £0.4 million.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Prior year

                                                                                                                                               

Property provision                                                                                                                                                                                                 

The Group commissioned a dilapidation assessment on some of its leasehold properties. The £1.8 million exceptional charge represents an increase in provision for property dilapidation liabilities on properties where the Group considers there to be a high likelihood of exiting when the lease term expires. The tax credit on this exceptional charge was £0.4 million.                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Spreads restructuring costs                                                                                                                                                                                 

During the year ended 31 March 2015, the Group completed the consolidation of its spreads production operations into one site in Kirkby, Liverpool. As a result of this consolidation, the site at Crudgington, Shropshire ceased production in December 2014. The exceptional credit of £0.7 million in the year represents the release of a prior year provision relating to the completion of this project that was not required. The tax charge relating to this exceptional credit was £0.3 million.                                                                                                                                          

 

Gain on remeasurement to fair value of original investment in Promovita Ingredients Limited                                                                          

On 18 December 2015, the Group completed the stepped acquisition of Promovita Ingredients Limited ("Promovita"). In accordance with IFRS 3 (Revised), the original investment was revalued to fair value at point of acquisition and the resulting gain of £6.0 million has been recognised within exceptional items.

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

6 Finance costs and other finance income

 

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Bank loans and overdrafts (at amortised cost)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7.6)

 

(8.2)

Finance charges on finance leases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

(0.1)

Total net finance costs - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7.7)

 

(8.3)

 

Interest payable on bank loans and overdrafts is stated after capitalising £3.1 million (2016: £3.8 million) of interest on expenditure on capital projects at a rate of 4.0% (2016: 5.0%). The tax impact of the capitalised interest was £0.6 million (2016: £0.7 million).                                        

 

7 Tax expense

 

Continuing operations

 

The major components of income tax expense for continuing operations for the years ended 31 March 2017 and 2016 are:                                                                                                                                           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Consolidated income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Current income tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred income tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Net utilisation of deferred tax asset

 

 

 

8.5

 

7.5

   Effect of change in tax rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.5)

 

(0.2)

   Adjustment in respect of previous years - deferred tax

 

 

 

 

(0.8)

 

(0.4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.2

 

6.9

Analysed:

Before exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.7

 

9.9

 

Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3.5)

 

(3.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.2

 

6.9

 

There is no current tax charge in the year due to tax relief in respect of pension contributions, capital allowances and in relation to the disposal of the Dairies operation in December 2015.

 

Reconciliation between tax charge and the profit before tax multiplied by the statutory rate of corporation tax in the UK:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Profit before tax

 

 

40.3

 

45.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax at UK statutory corporation tax rate of 20% (2016:20%)

 

 

8.1

 

9.1

Adjustments in respect of previous years

 

 

(0.8)

 

(0.4)

Adjustments for change in UK corporation tax rate*

 

 

 

 

(0.5)

 

(0.2)

Non-deductible expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

 

1.1

Profits offset by available tax relief

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.8)

 

(2.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.2

 

6.9

 

The effective pre-exceptional rate of tax on the Group's profit before tax from continuing operations is 18.0% (2016: 17.5%).                                                                                                                                                                                                       

The total Group effective tax rate is below the headline rate of UK corporation tax at 17.9% (2016: 15.2%). One of the reasons for this is the availability of capital losses for which no deferred tax asset has been recognised against profits of £3.0 million on the disposal of closed depots. We expect the effective tax rate to remain below the headline rate of UK corporation tax next year due to the expected disposal of closed properties.

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

* Two further reductions in the UK Corporation tax rates have been enacted, taking the rate to 19% from April 2017 and to 17% from April 2020. Accordingly, deferred tax has been provided on all temporary differences at the rate in force when they are anticipated to reverse.                            

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

7 Tax expense (continued)

 

Discontinued Operations                                                                                                                                                                                                  

The total income tax credit in respect of discontinued operations for the year ended 31 March 2017 is £9.8 million (2016: £35.7 million). Tax relief on exceptional costs incurred by discontinued operations in the year ended 31 March 2017 was £5.7 million (2016: £28.8 million). A £3.8 million tax credit has been realised in respect of the disposal of St Hubert SAS. Tax attributable to discontinued operations is disclosed in Note 8.                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Tax credit relating to components of consolidated other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred income tax related to items charged to other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

-       Pension deferred tax movement taken directly to reserves

 

 

(10.7)

 

(1.0)

-       Valuation of financial instruments

 

 

 

 

(0.9)

 

(0.2)

Tax credit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11.6)

 

(1.2)

                         

 

 

Tax on items recognised directly to equity

                                                                                               

Deferred tax of £0.1 million relating to share-based payments was charged directly to equity in the year ended 31 March 2017 (2016: £0.4 million credited to equity).

 

Deferred income tax

Deferred income tax at 31 March 2017 and 2016 relates to the following:

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Deferred tax liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Accelerated depreciation for tax purposes

 

 

-

 

(4.5)

Goodwill and intangible assets

 

 

(7.8)

 

(7.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7.8)

 

(12.4)

                         

 

Deferred tax asset

 

 

 

 

 

Accelerated depreciation for tax purposes

 

 

1.1

 

-

Government grants

 

 

0.9

 

1.2

Share-based payments

 

 

1.0

 

0.9

Pensions

 

 

18.6

 

12.5

Financial instruments valuation

 

 

1.2

 

0.3

Trading losses

 

 

14.0

 

15.3

Other

 

 

0.6

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37.4

 

31.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net deferred tax asset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29.6

 

19.3

 

The recognition of the deferred tax asset relating to trading losses is based on the expectation that the business will continue to be profitable going forward.

 

The movement on the net deferred tax asset is shown below:                                                                                            

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax asset / (liability)

 

 

 

 

Goodwill and

 

 

Accelerated

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible

 

 

 

tax

 

temporary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

assets

 

Pensions

depreciation

 

differences

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Balances at 31 March 2016

 

 

 

(7.9)

 

12.5

 

(4.5)

 

19.2

 

19.3

(Charge) / credit to income statement: continuing operations

 

0.1

 

(4.6)

 

5.6

 

(8.3)

 

(7.2)

Credit to income statement: discontinued operations

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

6.0

 

6.0

Credit to other comprehensive income

 

 

 

-

 

10.7

 

-

 

0.9

 

11.6

Credit taken directly to reserves

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(0.1)

 

(0.1)

Disposal of business  

 

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Balances at 31 March 2017

 

 

 

(7.8)

 

18.6

 

1.1

 

17.7

 

29.6

Balances at 31 March 2015

 

 

 

(8.5)

 

16.0

 

(29.5)

 

10.9

 

(11.1)

(Charge) / credit to income statement: continuing operations

 

0.6

 

(4.5)

 

(3.5)

 

0.5

 

(6.9)

Credit to income statement: discontinued operations

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

7.2

 

7.2

Credit to other comprehensive income

 

 

 

-

 

1.0

 

-

 

0.2

 

1.2

Credit taken directly to reserves

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

0.4

 

0.4

Disposal of business

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

28.5

 

-

 

28.5

Balances at 31 March 2016

 

 

 

(7.9)

 

12.5

 

(4.5)

 

19.2

 

19.3

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

7 Tax expense (continued)

 

The Group has capital losses which arose in the UK of £121.2 million (2016: £118.1 million) that are available indefinitely for offset against future taxable gains. Deferred tax has not been recognised in respect of these losses as there is no foreseeable prospect of their being utilised. The Group has realised capital gains amounting to £22.6 million (2016: £47.9 million) for which rollover relief claims have been or are intended to be made.

                                                                                                                                                               

 

8 Discontinued operations

 

On 26 December 2015, the Group completed the disposal of its Dairies operation to Muller UK & Ireland Group LLP.  The Dairies operation has been classified as a discontinued operation since the year of disposal.                                                       

                                                               

The results of the Dairies operation which have been included in the consolidated income statement within discontinued operations can be analysed as follows:                                                  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

529.1

 

Operating costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.1)

 

(562.5)

 

Other income - property

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

0.1

 

Operating loss before exceptional operating items and tax attributable to discontinued operations

(2.1)

 

(33.3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exceptional operating items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(16.6)

 

Operating loss before tax attributable to discontinued operations

 

(2.1)

 

(49.9)

 

Attributable tax

 

0.8

 

9.1

 

Tax credit in relation to the disposal of St Hubert

 

3.8

 

-

 

Profit / loss after tax from discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.5

 

(40.8)

 

Loss on disposal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.5)

 

(137.3)

 

Attributable tax on disposal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.2

 

26.6

 

Profit / loss for the period from discontinued operations

 

5.2

 

(151.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings / (loss) per share from discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic (pence)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.7

 

(109.9)

 

Diluted (pence)

 

3.7

 

(109.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

Loss from discontinued operations is stated after charging

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

Depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(6.9)

 

Amortisation of intangibles -  internally generated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(0.9)

 

Operating lease rentals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(13.7)

 

Research and development expenditure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(0.4)

 

Cost of inventories recognised as an expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(426.3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The operating costs of £2.1 million in the year comprise £1.6 million relating to certain costs in respect of the Dairies operation that had not been accrued for at the point of sale and as such were the liability of the Group in line with the sale and purchase agreement with Muller UK & Ireland LLP. A further £0.5 million has been charged in respect of the Group's investment in HEICO Limited which has been fully impaired in the period. The investment related to the Dairies operation and as such the impairment has been recognised within discontinued operations.

 

a.     Exceptional items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Exceptional operating items after attributable tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.3

 

(14.4)

Profit / (loss) on disposal after attributable tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.7

 

(110.7)

Exceptional items after tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.0

 

(125.1)

 

Exceptional operating costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Rationalisation of operating sites

 

 

 

 

-

 

(7.7)

Costs associated with the separation and proposed sale of the Dairies operation

 

-

 

(8.9)

Exceptional operating costs - discontinued operations

 

-

 

(16.6)

Tax relief on exceptional items

 

0.5

 

2.2

Tax credit in relation to the disposal of St Hubert

 

3.8

 

-

 

 

4.3

 

(14.4)

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

8 Discontinued operations (continued)

 

Tax credit in relation to the disposal of St Hubert

 

A tax provision of £3.8 million was created when St Hubert SAS was disposed of in August 2012. A tax credit has been recognised in the period in respect of this because the period during which the French authorities can raise tax assessments has now expired. This has been recognised within discontinued operations consistent with the results of St Hubert SAS following disposal.

 

Costs associated with the separation and proposed sale of the Dairies operations

 

In the prior year the Group incurred £8.9 million of separation costs such as one-off systems costs and professional fees. A tax credit of £0.5 million has been recognised in the period (2016: £1.9 million).

 

Rationalisation of operating sites

                                                               

In September 2014, the Group announced it had started consultation with employees and their representatives regarding the closure of its glass bottling dairy in Hanworth, West London. An exceptional charge of £1.7 million was incurred in the year, primarily comprising accelerated depreciation of assets following an assessment of their useful economic lives as well as other associated closure costs. The Group ceased production at its specialist cream potting factory in Chard, Somerset in September 2015. In the prior year a charge of £6.0 million was recognised in relation to site decommissioning and demolition costs. The tax credit on these exceptional costs in the prior year was £0.3 million.                           

                                                                               

b.      Net cash flows attributable to discontinued operations                                                  

                                                                               

Net cash flows attributable to the Dairies operation in the period and comparative period are as follows:                                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Cash flow from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.1)

 

(51.6)

Cash used in investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

(10.4)

Net cash flows attributable to discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.1)

 

(62.0)

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

9 Earnings per share

 

The basic earnings per share ("EPS") measures for the year have been calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity shareholders from the relevant operations (continuing, discontinued and total group) by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the period, excluding those held by the Dairy Crest Employees' Share Ownership Plan Trust which are held as treasury shares and treated as cancelled.                                                                            

The weighted average number of shares used in the calculation of basic EPS is detailed below along with the diluted weighted average number of ordinary shares used for the calculation of diluted EPS. The diluted weighted average number of ordinary shares reflects the dilutive impact of share options exercisable under the Group's share option schemes. Note that in the circumstances where there is a basic loss per share from continuing operations, share options are anti-dilutive and therefore are not included in the calculation of any other EPS measures.                                                                    

To show earnings per share on a consistent basis, which in the Directors' opinion reflects the underlying performance of the Group more appropriately, adjusted earnings per share has been calculated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March 2017

 

Year ended 31 March 2016

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average no

 

Per share

 

 

Weighted  average no

 

Per share

 

 

 

 

Earnings

 

of shares

 

amount

 

 

Earnings

 

of shares

 

amount

 

 

 

£m

 

million

 

pence

 

£m

 

million

 

pence

 

Basic EPS from continuing operations

 

33.1

 

139.8

 

23.7

 

 

38.5

 

137.9

 

27.9

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Share options

 

-

 

1.3

 

(0.2)

 

 

-

 

1.1

 

(0.2)

Diluted EPS from continuing operations

 

33.1

 

141.1

 

23.5

 

 

38.5

 

139.0

 

27.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EPS from continuing operations*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit from continuing operations

 

33.1

 

139.8

 

23.7

 

 

38.5

 

137.9

 

27.9

Exceptional items (net of tax)

 

15.6

 

-

 

11.2

 

 

8.3

 

-

 

6.0

Amortisation of acquired intangible assets (net of tax)

 

0.3

 

-

 

0.2

 

 

0.3

 

-

 

0.2

Pension interest expense (net of tax)

 

0.7

 

-

 

0.5

 

 

0.5

 

-

 

0.4

Adjusted basic EPS from continuing operations

 

49.7

 

139.8

 

35.6

 

 

47.6

 

137.9

 

34.5

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Share options

 

-

 

1.3

 

(0.4)

 

 

-

 

1.1

 

(0.3)

Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations

 

49.7

 

141.1

 

35.2

 

 

47.6

 

139.0

 

34.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings / (loss) per share from discontinued operations

 

5.2

 

139.8

 

3.7

 

 

(151.5)

 

137.9

 

(109.9)

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Share options

 

-

 

1.3

 

-

 

 

-

 

1.1

 

0.9

Diluted earnings / (loss) per share from discontinued operations

 

5.2

 

141.1

 

3.7

 

 

(151.5)

 

139.0

 

(109.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings / (loss) per share for the year

 

38.3

 

139.8

 

27.4

 

 

(113.0)

 

137.9

 

(81.9)

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Share options

 

-

 

1.3

 

(0.3)

 

 

-

 

1.1

 

0.6

Diluted earnings / (loss) per share for the year

 

38.3

 

141.1

 

27.1

 

 

(113.0)

 

139.0

 

(81.3)

                                         

 

 

There have been no transactions involving ordinary shares or potential ordinary shares between the reporting date and the date of signing these financial statements.

 

*Adjusted earnings per share from continuing operations calculations are presented to give an indication of the underlying operational performance of the Group. The calculations exclude exceptional items, amortisation of acquired intangibles and pension interest in relation to the Group's defined benefit pension scheme, being dependent on market assumptions at 31 March each year.

 

 

10 Dividends paid and proposed 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Declared and paid during the year

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Equity dividends on ordinary shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Final dividend for 2016: 16.0 pence (2015:15.7 pence)

 

22.4

 

21.6

   Interim dividend for 2017: 6.2 pence (2016: 6.1 pence)

 

8.7

 

8.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

30.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Proposed for approval at AGM (not recognised as a liability at 31 March)

 

 

Equity dividends on ordinary shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Final dividend for 2017: 16.3 pence (2016:16.0 pence)

 

22.8

 

22.3

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

11 Property, plant and equipment

               

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vehicles,

 

Assets in

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land and

 

plant and

 

the course

 

 

 

 

 

 

buildings

 

equipment

 

of construction

 

Total

2017

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2016

 

 

 

82.0

 

197.9

 

96.2

 

376.1

Additions

 

 

 

4.9

 

9.3

 

12.2

 

26.4

Disposals

 

 

 

(1.3)

 

(44.8)

 

-

 

(46.1)

Transfers and reclassifications

 

 

4.0

 

91.0

 

(95.0)

 

-

Transfer to non-current assets held for sale (note 14)

 

 

(14.6)

 

(0.5)

 

-

 

(15.1)

At 31 March 2017

 

 

75.0

 

252.9

 

13.4

 

341.3

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2016

 

 

 

30.3

 

111.9

 

-

 

142.2

Charge for the year - continuing

 

 

2.6

 

12.3

 

-

 

14.9

Disposals

 

 

 

-

 

(6.7)

 

-

 

(6.7)

Transfer to non-current assets held for sale (note 14)

 

 

(7.3)

 

(0.4)

 

-

 

(7.7)

At 31 March 2017

 

 

25.6

 

117.1

 

-

 

142.7

Net book amount at 31 March 2017

 

 

49.4

 

135.8

 

13.4

 

198.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2015

 

 

 

171.7

 

310.0

 

74.9

 

556.6

Additions

 

 

 

7.0

 

12.8

 

44.4

 

64.2

Disposals

 

 

 

(5.0)

 

-

 

-

 

(5.0)

Disposal of Dairies operation (note 19)

 

 

(92.4)

 

(147.3)

 

-

 

(239.7)

Transfers and reclassifications

 

 

0.7

 

22.4

 

(23.1)

 

-

At 31 March 2016

 

 

82.0

 

197.9

 

96.2

 

376.1

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 April 2015

 

 

 

68.6

 

159.5

 

-

 

228.1

Charge for the year - continuing

 

 

2.0

 

14.5

 

-

 

16.5

Charge for the year - discontinued operations

 

 

1.8

 

5.1

 

-

 

6.9

Asset impairments - discontinued operations

 

 

-

 

1.6

 

-

 

1.6

Disposals

 

 

 

(3.4)

 

-

 

-

 

(3.4)

Disposal of Dairies operation (note 19)

 

 

(38.7)

 

(68.8)

 

-

 

(107.5)

At 31 March 2016

 

 

30.3

 

111.9

 

-

 

142.2

Net book amount at 31 March 2016

 

 

51.7

 

86.0

 

96.2

 

233.9

 

2017

 

On 31 March 2017, £7.3 million of land and buildings and £0.1 million of plant and equipment was transferred to non-current assets held for sale (see note 14).

 

During the year, the Group disposed of £37.9 million of plant and equipment under two sale and leaseback agreements with Lombard Business Leasing Limited. The sale and leaseback was for certain plant and equipment relating to the demineralised whey and GOS facility at Davidstow.

 

2016

 

In the year ending 31 March 2016, £1.6 million of exceptional accelerated depreciation was charged in relation to Hanworth prior to the disposal of the Dairies operation.

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

12 Goodwill

 

 

 

 

 

£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015

 

 

145.6

Acquisition of Promovita Ingredients Limited (note 19)

 

 

12.0

Disposal of discontinued operations (note 19)

 

 

(70.7)

At 31 March 2016 and 31 March 2017

 

 

86.9

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated impairment

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015

 

 

(71.3)

Disposal of discontinued operations (note 19)

 

 

70.7

At 31 March 2016 and 31 March 2017

 

 

(0.6)

 

 

 

 

Net book amount at 31 March 2016 and 31 March 2017

 

 

86.3

 

During the year ended 31 March 2016, the Group acquired the remaining share capital of Promovita Ingredients Limited leading to the recognition of £12.0 million of goodwill (see Note 19) and disposed of its Dairies operation leading to the disposal of £70.7 million of goodwill which was fully written down during the year ended 31 March 2012.

 

Impairment testing of goodwill                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Acquired goodwill has been allocated for impairment testing purposes to three groups of cash-generating units ('CGUs'): Butters and Spreads, MH Foods and Cheese and Functional Ingredients. Goodwill recognised on the acquisition of Promovita Ingredients Limited is included in the Cheese and Functional Ingredients CGU as the business is directly linked to the Cheese and Functional Ingredients product group with a number of shared overheads.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

All groups of CGUs with goodwill are tested for impairment annually by comparing the carrying amount of that CGU with its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is determined based on a value-in-use calculation using cash flow projections based on financial budgets and strategic plans approved by senior management covering a three-year period and appropriate growth rates beyond that. The discount rate applied to the projections was 6.5% for Butters and Spreads, MH Foods and Cheese and Functional Ingredients (2016: 6.0%).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

The growth rate used to extrapolate cash flows beyond the three-year period for Butters and Spreads, MH Foods and Cheese and Functional Ingredients is nil (2016: nil).                                                                                                                                                                                                      

The carrying amount of goodwill allocated to groups of CGUs at 31 March 2017 is:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

MH Foods                                                £6.7 million                                               (2016: £6.7 million) 

Butters and Spreads                               £65.5 million                                             (2016: £65.5 million)                                               

Cheese and Functional Ingredients         £14.1 million                                             (2016: £14.1 million)

 

Key assumptions on which management has based its cash flow projections

                                                                                                                               

Gross margin - budgeted gross margins are based initially on actual margins achieved in the preceding year further adjusted for projected input and output price changes, volume changes, initiatives implemented and associated efficiency improvements. The budgeted margins form the basis for strategic plans, which incorporate longer-term market trends.                                                                                                                            

 

Discount rates - Discount rates are pre-tax and calculated by reference to average industry gearing levels, the cost of debt and the cost of equity based on the capital asset pricing model and CGU-specific risk factors.                                                                                                                                                                                                        

Raw materials prices - budgets are prepared using the most up to date price and forecast price data available. This is based on forward prices in the market place adjusted for any contracted prices at the time of forecast. The key resources are milk, vegetable oils, fuel oil, diesel, gas and electricity and packaging costs.                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Growth rate estimates - for periods beyond the length of the strategic plans, growth estimates are based upon published industry research adjusted downwards to reflect the risk of extrapolating growth beyond a three year time frame.                                                                    

 

The Directors consider the assumptions used to be consistent with the historical performance of each CGU where appropriate and to be realistically achievable in the light of economic and industry measures and forecasts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

2017 and 2016

 

Sensitivity to changes in assumptions                                                                                                                                                                                                         

With regard to the assessment of value in use of the Butters and Spreads, MH Foods and Cheese and Functional Ingredients CGUs, management believes that no reasonably possible change in the above key assumptions would cause the carrying value of those units to exceed their recoverable amount.             

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

13 Intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

Assets in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the course

 

Internally

 

Acquired

 

 

 

 

 

 

of construction

 

generated

 

intangibles

 

Total

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015

 

 

1.4

 

35.6

 

8.7

 

45.7

Additions

 

 

 

3.5

 

-

 

-

 

3.5

Disposal

 

 

 

(0.4)

 

(31.2)

 

-

 

(31.6)

Transfers and reclassifications

 

 

(1.0)

 

1.0

 

-

 

-

At 31 March 2016

 

 

3.5

 

5.4

 

8.7

 

17.6

Additions

 

 

 

4.2

 

-

 

-

 

4.2

Disposal

 

 

 

-

 

(3.5)

 

-

 

(3.5)

Transfers and reclassifications

 

 

(3.5)

 

6.1

 

(2.6)

 

-

At 31 March 2017

 

 

4.2

 

8.0

 

6.1

 

18.3

Accumulated amortisation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 March 2015

 

 

-

 

16.2

 

3.9

 

20.1

Amortisation for the year - continuing

 

 

-

 

1.1

 

0.4

 

1.5

Amortisation for the year - discontinued operations

 

 

-

 

0.9

 

-

 

0.9

Disposal

 

 

-

 

(16.0)

 

-

 

(16.0)

At 31 March 2016

 

 

-

 

2.2

 

4.3

 

6.5

Amortisation for the year - continuing

 

 

-

 

0.5

 

0.4

 

0.9

Amortisation for the year - discontinued operations

 

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Disposal

 

 

-

 

(3.5)

 

-

 

(3.5)

Transfers and reclassifications

 

 

-

 

2.3

 

(2.3)

 

-

At 31 March 2017

 

 

-

 

1.5

 

2.4

 

3.9

Net book amount at 31 March 2017

 

 

4.2

 

6.5

 

3.7

 

14.4

Net book amount at 31 March 2016

 

 

3.5

 

3.2

 

4.4

 

11.1

 

In the year ending 31 March 2017, additions to assets in the course of construction of £4.2 million comprised third party system support costs relating to a new enterprise planning system of £3.7 million (2016: £nil) and product development costs of £0.5 million (2016: £nil). In the prior year, the assets in the course of construction of £3.5 million comprised third party systems and set-up support costs relating to the demineralised whey powder and GOS projects at Davidstow.

                                                                                                                                                                               

Internally generated intangible assets comprise software development and implementation costs across manufacturing sites and Head Office and product development where the future recoverability can be reasonably assured under IAS 38 'Intangible Assets'.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Acquired intangibles comprise predominantly brands acquired with the acquisition of businesses. The largest component within acquired intangibles is the "Frylight" brand acquired with the acquisition of Morehands Limited (MH Foods) in June 2011. A useful life of 15 years has been assumed for this brand, with 9 years remaining. The carrying value of the Frylight brand at 31 March 2017 is £3.7 million (2016: £4.1 million).                                                                                                                                                                                                      

 

 

14 Non - current assets held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Non-current assets held for sale

 

7.4

 

-

 

 

Non-current assets held for sale of £7.4 million represent properties owned by the Group, comprising closed depots and closed production facilities, that management has committed to sell and where the completion of the sale within twelve months of the classification date is highly probable. The held for sale value represents the lower of carrying value and fair value less costs to sell. Any future profit on disposal of the closed depots will be recognised as Other Income - property within the Income Statement. Any future profit on disposal of the closed production facilities will be recognised under exceptional items within the Income Statement.

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

15 Financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obligations under finance leases

 

 

 

1.5

 

1.5

Loan notes (at amortised cost)

 

 

 

11.9

 

95.6

Debt issuance costs

 

 

 

 

(0.6)

 

Financial liabilities - Borrowings

 

 

 

12.8

 

96.5

Cross currency swaps (cash flow hedges)

 

 

 

0.1

 

-

Forward currency contracts (at fair value: cash flow hedge)

 

 

 

0.2

 

-

Financial liabilities - Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

0.3

 

-

Current financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

13.1

 

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obligations under finance leases

 

 

 

1.0

 

2.4

Loan notes (at amortised cost)

 

 

 

146.0

 

144.2

Bank loans (at amortised cost)

 

 

 

128.0

 

105.0

Debt issuance costs

 

 

 

 

(0.8)

 

Financial liabilities - Borrowings

 

 

 

274.2

 

250.3

Cross currency swaps (cash flow hedges)

 

 

 

-

 

1.3

Financial liabilities - Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

-

 

1.3

Non-current financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

274.2

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

All derivative financial instruments are fair valued at each balance sheet date and all comprise Level 2 valuations under IFRS 13 : Fair Value Measurement, namely, that they are based on inputs observable directly (from prices) or indirectly (derived from prices).                                                                                                                                                                     

Interest bearing loans and borrowings                                                                                                        

The effective interest rates on loans and borrowings at the balance sheet date were as follows:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effective

 

 

 

Effective

 

 

 

 

2017

 

Interest rate

 

2016

 

Interest rate

 

 

Maturity

 

£m

 

at March 2017

 

£m

 

at March 2016

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan notes:

US$ swapped into £

April 2016

 

-

 

 

 

85.6

 

5.31%

 

Sterling

April 2016

 

-

 

 

 

10.0

 

5.27%

 

Euro swapped into £

April 2017

 

9.1

 

5.53%

 

-

 

-

 

Sterling

April 2017

 

2.8

 

5.84%

 

-

 

-

Finance leases

 

 

 

1.5

 

3.61%

 

1.5

 

3.61%

Debt issuance costs

 

 

 

(0.6)

 

 

 

(0.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.8

 

 

 

96.5

 

 

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving credit facilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sterling floating

October 2018

 

80.0

 

LIBOR + 150bps

 

53.0

 

LIBOR + 160bps

 

Sterling floating

October 2020

 

48.0

 

LIBOR + 170bps

 

52.0

 

LIBOR + 190bps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan notes:

Euro swapped into £

April 2017

 

-

 

5.53%

 

8.5

 

5.53%

 

Sterling

April 2017

 

-

 

5.84%

 

2.8

 

5.84%

 

US$ swapped into £

November 2018

 

20.0

 

3.87%

 

17.4

 

3.87%

 

US$ swapped into £

November 2021

 

45.0

 

4.52%

 

39.2

 

4.52%

 

US$ swapped into £

March 2023

 

36.0

 

3.33%

 

31.3

 

3.33%

 

Sterling

March 2026

 

45.0

 

3.34%

 

45.0

 

3.34%

Finance Leases

 

 

 

1.0

 

3.61%

 

2.4

 

3.61%

Debt issuance costs

 

 

 

(0.8)

 

 

 

(1.3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

274.2

 

 

 

250.3

 

 

                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

On 4 April 2016, the Group repaid $123 million (£70.2 million) and £10 million of 2006 fixed coupon loan notes on maturity. To fund the repayment, on 23 March 2016, the Group raised £45 million and $45 million (£31.1 million) of fixed coupon loan notes. The sterling loan notes have a maturity of 10 years and an interest rate of 3.34%. The US Dollar loan notes have a maturity of seven years, the principal and the interest cash flows have been swapped into Sterling at an exchange rate of 1.4471 and an interest rate of 3.23%.Upfront debt issuance costs amounted to £0.4 million and these are being charged to the consolidated income statement over the term of the loan notes.

 

On 6 October 2015, the Group refinanced its revolving credit facility. The £170 million plus €90 million revolving credit facility which was due to expire in October 2016 was cancelled and replaced by a £240 million facility, of which £80 million will expire on 6 October 2018 and £160 million will expire on 6 October 2020. Upfront debt issuance costs amounted £1.6 million and these are being charged to the consolidated income statement over the expected life of the facility. There were no debt issuance costs charged to the income statement relating to the cancelled facility in the prior year.

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

15 Financial liabilities (continued)

 

The Group is subject to a number of covenants in relation to its borrowing facilities which, if contravened, would result in its loans becoming immediately repayable. These covenants specify a maximum net debt to EBITDA ratio of 3.5 times and minimum interest cover ratio of 3.0 times. No covenants were contravened in the year ended 31 March 2017 (2016: None).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

16 Retirement benefit obligations                                                                                  

                                                                                               

The Group has a defined benefit pension scheme (Dairy Crest Group Pension Fund), which is closed to future service accrual and a defined contribution scheme (Dairy Crest Group defined contribution scheme).                                                                                  

                                                                                               

Defined Benefit Pension Scheme                                                                                   

                                                                                               

The Dairy Crest Group Pension Fund ('the Fund') is a final salary defined benefit pension scheme, which was closed to future service accrual from 1 April 2010 and had been closed to new joiners from 30 June 2006. This pension scheme is a final salary scheme.                                 

                                                                                               

The Fund is administered by a corporate trustee which is legally separate from the Company. The Trustee's directors comprise representatives of both the employer and employees, plus a professional trustee. The Trustee is required by law to act in the interest of all relevant beneficiaries and is responsible for the investment policy with regard to the assets plus the day to day administration of the benefits.                                                                                                                                                                                    

The Company and Trustee have agreed a long term strategy for reducing investment risk as and where appropriate. This includes an asset-liability matching policy which aims to reduce the volatility of the funding level of the pension plan by investing in assets which perform in line with the liabilities of the plan so as to protect against inflation being higher than expected. In December 2008 and June 2009, certain obligations relating to retired members were hedged by the purchase of annuity contracts.

 

During the financial year, a Flexible Retirement Option ("FRO") exercise was carried out. An offer enabling deferred pensioners aged 55 and over to take cash equivalent transfer values (or trivial commutation lump sums, where applicable), with financial advice paid for by the company. Transfer values totalling £16.7 million and trivial commutation lump sums totalling £0.1 million were accepted. This resulted in a settlement gain before costs of £2.0 million, representing IAS19 liabilities extinguished of £18.8 million less amounts paid of £16.8 million.                                                                                                                                                                                            

UK legislation requires that pension schemes are funded prudently. The most recent full actuarial valuation of the Fund was carried out as at 31 March 2013 by the Fund's independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Full actuarial valuations are carried out triennially. This valuation resulted in a deficit of £145.0 million compared to the IAS19 deficit of £56.3 million reported at that date. The next full actuarial valuation is currently being carried on the 31 March 2016 position. We expect the results of the valuation in the first half of 2017/18.                                                                                                                                                                                         

Under the latest schedule of contributions, which was signed in March 2014, the level of contributions is £13 million per annum from April 2014 to March 2016, then £16 million per annum until March 2017 and then £20 million per annum until March 2020. Until June 2018, these contributions included £2.8 million per annum of rental payments for land and buildings that were subject to a sale and leaseback arrangement between the Group and the Fund as part of the final schedule of contributions. The Group bought back the land and buildings for £8.3 million in November 2015 with rental payments ceasing from this date. This reduced contributions payable to £11.8 million per annum to March 2016, £13.2 million per annum from April 2016 to March 2017, £17.2 million per annum from April 2017 until June 2018 and then £20 million per annum until March 2020.                                                                                   

A new schedule of contributions will be agreed with the Trustee following the next actuarial review as at 31 March 2016.                                                                                                                                                                                            

The Fund duration is an indicator of the weighted-average time until benefit payments are made. For the Fund as a whole, the duration is around 20 years reflecting the approximate split of the defined benefit obligation (including insured pensioners) between deferred members (duration of 27 years), current non-insured pensioners (duration of 15 years) and insured pensioners (duration of 11 years).                                                                                                                                                                                        

The principal risks associated with the Group's defined benefit pension arrangements are as follows:                                                                                                                                                                                            

Asset Volatility

                                                                                               

The liabilities are calculated using the discount rate set with reference to corporate bond yields; if assets underperform this yield, this will create a deficit. The Fund holds a significant proportion in a range of return-seeking assets which, though expected to outperform corporate bonds in the long term, create volatility and risk in the short-term. The allocation to return-seeking assets is monitored to ensure it remains appropriate given the Fund's long terms objectives.                                                                                              

                                                                                               

Changes in Bond Yields         

                                                                               

A decrease in corporate bond yields will increase the value placed on the Fund's liabilities for accounting purposes, although this will be partially offset by an increase in the value of the fund's bond holdings.                                                                                           

                                                                                               

Inflation Risk           

                                                                               

A significant portion of the Fund's benefit obligations are linked to inflation, and higher expected future inflation will lead to higher liabilities (although, in most cases, caps on the level of inflationary increases are in place to protect against extreme inflation). The majority of the assets

are either unaffected by or only loosely correlated with inflation, meaning that an increase in expected future inflation will also increase the deficit.                                                                                    

Longevity Risk

                                                                                               

The majority of the Fund's obligations are to provide benefits for the life of the member, so increases in life expectancy will result in an increase in liabilities.                                                                                               

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

16 Retirement benefit obligations (continued)

 

 

A contingent liability exists in relation to the equalisation of Guaranteed Minimum Pension ("GMP").  The UK Government intends to implement legislation which could result in higher benefits for some members.  This would increase the defined benefit obligation of the Fund.  At this stage, it is not possible to quantify the impact of this change.                                                                                                                                        

 

The following tables summarise the components recognised in the consolidated balance sheet, consolidated income statement and consolidated statement of comprehensive income.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Fair value of scheme assets:

- Equities

 

 

 

-

 

43.7

 

 

- Bonds and cash

 

 

 

747.0

 

592.9

 

 

- Equity return swaps valuation*

 

18.6

 

1.9

 

 

- Property and other

 

 

115.5

 

114.6

 

 

- Insured retirement obligations

 

310.6

 

291.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,191.7

 

1,044.4

Defined benefit obligation:

 

- Uninsured retirement obligations**

 

(994.0)

 

(786.8)

 

 

- Insured retirement obligations

 

(307.3)

 

(288.0)

Total defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

(1,301.3)

 

(1,074.8)

Recognition of liability for unrecoverable notional surplus

 

 

-

 

(12.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,301.3)

 

(1,086.9)

Net liability recognised in the balance sheet

 

 

 

(109.6)

 

(42.5)

Related deferred tax asset

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.6

 

12.5

Net pension liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

(91.0)

 

(30.0)

 

*Comprises a positive synthetic equity exposure of £157.5 million (2016: £107.7 million) and a negative LIBOR exposure of £138.9 million

(2016: £105.8 million).

                                                                                                               

**Includes obligations to deferred members of £676.9 million (2016: £541.9 million) and non-insured members of £317.1 million (2016: £244.9 million).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

The Group is entitled to any surplus on winding up of the Fund albeit refunds are subject to tax deductions of 35% at source. Based on the present value of committed cash contributions at 31 March 2017 and the IAS 19 valuation at that date of £109.6 million, there would be nothing deducted from any notional surplus returned to the Group (2016: £12.1 million). In the prior year this was recognised as an additional liability in accordance with IFRIC 14.It should be noted that cash contributions are determined by reference to the triennial actuarial valuation, not the IAS 19 valuation. The actuarial deficit is greater than that recognised under IAS 19 since liabilities are discounted by reference to gilt yields rather than high quality corporate bond yields.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Amounts recognised in consolidated income statement

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Administration expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1.0)

 

(0.8)

Settlement gain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

 

-

Other finance costs - pensions

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.8)

 

(0.6)

Loss before tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.2

 

(1.4)

Deferred tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.3)

 

0.3

Loss for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

(1.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Amounts recognised in other comprehensive income

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest)

 

 

152.5

 

(44.0)

Experience gains arising on scheme liabilities

 

 

 

 

30.6

 

14.1

Actuarial (losses) / gains due to changes in the financial assumptions

 

 

 

(275.6)

 

4.6

Net actuarial loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(92.5)

 

(25.3)

Movement in liability for unrecoverable notional surplus

 

 

 

12.1

 

4.8

Recognised in other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

(80.4)

 

(20.5)

Related tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.7

 

1.0

Net actuarial loss recognised in other comprehensive income

 

 

(69.7)

 

(19.5)

Actual returns on plan assets were £188.4 million (2016: £(8.0) million).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

16 Retirement benefit obligations (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Movement in the present value of the defined benefit obligations are as follows:

 

£m

 

£m

Opening defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,074.8)

 

(1,093.7)

Interest cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(36.7)

 

(36.6)

Actuarial (losses) / gains arising from changes in financial assumptions

 

(275.6)

 

4.6

Actuarial gains arising from experience

 

30.6

 

14.1

Benefits paid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53.2

 

36.8

Settlement gains

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

 

-

Closing defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,301.3)

 

(1,074.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

Movement in the fair value of plan assets are as follows:

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

Opening fair value of scheme assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,044.4

 

1,069.2

Interest income on fund assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35.9

 

36.0

Re-measurement gains / (losses) on fund assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

152.5

 

(44.0)

Contributions by employer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.1

 

20.8

Administration costs incurred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1.0)

 

(0.8)

Benefits paid out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(53.2)

 

(36.8)

Closing fair value of plan assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,191.7

 

1,044.4

 

 

The Fund's assets are invested in the following asset classes (all assets have a quoted market value in an active market with the exception of property, annuity policy and cash).       

                                                               

Assets

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

Equities :

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

42.8

 

35.0

 

49.9

North America

 

62.4

 

46.3

 

65.9

Europe (ex UK)

 

22.8

 

17.9

 

26.4

Japan

 

17.9

 

12.2

 

17.1

Asia (ex Japan)

 

11.6

 

8.5

 

9.2

Emerging Markets

 

-

 

15.4

 

23.7

Global Small Cap

 

-

 

16.1

 

16.2

Cash/LIBOR Synthetic Equity

 

(138.9)

 

(105.8)

 

(144.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging Market Debt *

 

55.0

 

52.3

 

54.0

Multi Asset Credit **

 

69.1

 

62.0

 

62.5

Insurance Linked Securities ***

 

37.6

 

31.7

 

29.4

Absolute Return Bonds ****

 

33.5

 

32.5

 

33.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bonds:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Bonds

 

203.9

 

123.8

 

118.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liability Driven Investments *****

 

305.9

 

225.3

 

224.6

Annuity Policy

 

310.6

 

291.3

 

306.8

Property

 

77.9

 

82.9

 

76.6

Cash

 

79.6

 

97.0

 

100.3

Total

 

1,191.7

 

 

 

 

1,044.4

 

1,069.2

 

Equities are a combination of physical equities of £nil (2016: £43.7 million), a positive synthetic equity exposure of  £157.5 million (2016: £107.7 million) and a negative LIBOR exposure of £138.9 million (2016: £105.8 million).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

The Group does not use any of the Fund assets.                                                                                                                                 

* This is debt issued by emerging market countries denominated in the emerging market's domestic currency. The debt is almost entirely issued by governments and not by corporations. Investors benefit from higher yields on the bonds due to the  additional risks of investing in emerging market countries, compared to developed countries and it is also expected that emerging market currencies will appreciate over time relative to developed countries.                                                                                                                                                               

** Multi Asset Credit strategies invest globally in a wide range of credit-based asset classes which include bank loans, high yield bonds, securitised debt, emerging market debt and distressed debt of non-investment grade. The investment strategies         will also allocate amounts in investment grade credit, sovereign bonds and cash for defensive reasons. The strategies are opportunistic and allocate dynamically to the best opportunities within the credit market from an asset allocation and individual security selection perspective.                                    

*** Insurance linked securities are event-linked investments which allow investors outside the insurance industry to access          insurance premiums for assuming various forms and degrees of insurance risk. The underlying risk premium is a type of investment risk where the event is linked to

Notes to the preliminary announcement

 

16 Retirement benefit obligations (continued)

 

natural or man-made catastrophes. The premium paid to the investor represents compensation for the "expected loss" due to the uncertainty around the size and timing of the insured event.                                                                                                                     

 

**** Absolute Return Bond strategies are designed to deliver a positive return in all market environments and will take advantage of numerous alpha opportunities within the fixed income universe. The objective of the strategy is to capture returns from active management in a number of

areas within fixed income including interest rates, currencies, asset allocation and security selection. The strategy will have long and short positions and employ a degree of leverage. The strategies tend to have low sensitivity to the direction of interest rates and credit.      

***** Insight have been appointed to manage the Liability Driven Investment ('LDI') portfolio for the Fund. The objective is to hedge  a proportion of the Fund's liabilities against changes in interest rates and inflation expectations by investing in assets that are similarly sensitive to changes in interest rates and inflation expectations. Insight will seek to add interest and inflation exposure to the LDI portfolio over time in line with parameters that have been set by the Trustee. Insight are permitted to use a range of swaps and gilt based derivative instruments as well as physical bonds to structure the liability hedge for the Fund. In             addition, Insight are responsible for monitoring market yields against a number of pre-set yield triggers and will increase the level of hedging as and when the triggers are met.                                                                        

 

 

The principal assumptions used in determining retirement benefit obligations for the Fund are shown below:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

%

 

%

Key assumptions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Price inflation (RPI)

 

 

 

 

 

3.3

 

3.2

 

3.1

Price inflation (CPI)

 

 

 

 

 

2.2

 

2.1

 

2.0

Pension increases (Pre 1993 - RPI to 7% / annum)

 

 

 

 

3.3

 

3.2

 

3.1

Pension increases (1993 to 2006 - RPI to 5% / annum)

 

 

 

3.2

 

3.1

 

3.0

Pension increases (Post 2006 - RPI to 4% / annum)

 

 

 

 

 

3.0

 

2.9

 

2.8

Life expectancy at 65 for a male currently aged 50 (years)

 

 

 

24.1

 

24.0

 

23.9

Average expected remaining life of a 65 year old retired male (years)

 

22.5

 

22.4

 

22.4

Life expectancy at 65 for a female currently aged 50 (years)

 

 

 

27.0

 

26.9

 

26.8

Average expected remaining life of a 65 year old retired female (years)

 

24.8

 

24.7

 

24.6

Discount rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.4

 

3.5

 

3.4

 

The financial assumptions reflect the nature and term of the Fund's liabilities. The mortality assumptions are based on analysis of the Fund members,  and allow for expected future improvements in mortality rates. It has been assumed that members exchange 25% of their pension for a cash lump sum at retirement and 30% of deferred members take the Pension Increase Exchange option at retirement.                                                                                 

Sensitivity to changes in assumptions                                                                                                                                                           

The key assumptions used for IAS 19 are discount rate, inflation and mortality. If different assumptions were used, this could have a material effect on the results disclosed.  The sensitivity of the results to these assumptions is as follows:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

 

 

 

 

 

Expected Expense for 2017/18

 

Expected Expense for 15/16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service

 

Net

 

Total P&L

 

March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

Cost

 

Interest

 

Charge

 

Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Figures

 

1.0

 

2.4

 

 

3.4

 

(109.6)

Effect of a 0.1% decrease in the discount rate

 

 

 

-

 

0.4

 

0.4

 

(22.9)

Recalculated value

 

 

 

1.0

 

2.8

 

3.8

 

(132.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of a 0.1% increase in the inflation assumption

 

 

-

 

0.5

 

0.5

 

(20.3)

Recalculated value

 

 

 

1.0

 

2.9

 

3.9

 

(129.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of a 1 year increase in life expectancy

 

 

 

-

 

1.0

 

1.0

 

(41.6)

Recalculated value

 

 

 

1.0

 

3.4

 

4.4