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RNS
Close Brothers Group PLC  -  CBG   

Preliminary results for year ended 31 July 2017

Released 07:00 26-Sep-2017

RNS Number : 7673R
Close Brothers Group PLC
26 September 2017
 

 

 

Preliminary results for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

Good Performance in the Year

· 

The group reported a good performance for the year, with a 13% increase in adjusted1 operating profit to £264.8 million, and an RoE2 of 17.9%

· 

Banking delivered an adjusted operating profit of £243.5 million, up 9% on the prior year, with stable net interest margin and continued low impairments

· 

The increase in Banking profit was driven by Property Finance, with operating profit growth of 24%.  Adjusted operating profit in Commercial Finance was up 4%, while Retail Finance was broadly flat

· 

The loan book grew by 7.0% to £6.9 billion, as we continue to apply our disciplined approach to lending in a competitive environment

· 

Winterflood reported operating profit of £28.1 million, almost 50% higher than the prior year, reflecting strong retail investor trading activity

· 

Asset Management continued to make good progress with adjusted operating profit of £17.4 million and good net inflows, at 9% of opening managed assets

· 

The proposed full year dividend per share of 60.0p represents growth of 5%, reflecting our progressive dividend policy

 

Financial Highlights2

 

Full year

2017

Full year

2016

Change

%

Adjusted operating profit

£264.8m

£233.6m

13

Operating profit before tax

£258.6m

£228.5m

13

Adjusted basic earnings per share

131.7p

128.4p

3

Basic earnings per share

128.3p

125.7p

2

Dividend per share

60.0p

57.0p

5

 

 

 

 

Return on opening equity

17.9%

18.9%

 

Net interest margin

8.1%

8.2%

 

Bad debt ratio

0.6%

0.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 July

2017

31 July

2016

Change

%

Loan book

£6.9bn

£6.4bn

7.0

Total client assets

£11.2bn

£9.9bn

13

Common equity tier 1 capital ratio

12.6%3

13.5%

 

Total capital ratio

   15.2%

13.8%

 

1 Adjusted operating profit excludes £6.2 million (2016: £5.1 million) of amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition.

2 Please refer to definitions on page 18.

3 Includes one-off impact of increase in property risk weighted assets as announced on 5 January 2017.

 

 

 

         

Preben Prebensen, Chief Executive, said:

 

"I am pleased to report another good performance for the group in the 2017 financial year, with increased profits across all three divisions.

 

In an evolving market environment, we remain committed to our established business model, which relies on the expertise of our people to deliver consistently high levels of service, building deep and sustainable relationships with clients and intermediaries. 

 

As a business, we remain well positioned longer-term, focusing on protecting our margins and underwriting discipline, improving our model through continued investment and extending into new products and markets.

 

All of this ensures we can continue to support our clients and drive long-term value for our shareholders through all stages of the financial cycle."

 

Enquiries

 

Sophie Gillingham 

Close Brothers Group plc

020 7655 3844

Eva Hatfield

Liya Dashkina

Close Brothers Group plc

Close Brothers Group plc

020 7655 3350

020 7655 3468

Andy Donald

Maitland

020 7379 5151

 

A presentation to analysts and investors will be held today at 9.30 am GMT at our offices at 10 Crown Place, London EC2A 4FT.  A listen-only dial-in facility will be available by dialling +44 20 3059 8125.  A recording of this call will be available for replay for two weeks by dialling +44 121 260 4861, access code 6899188#.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

Results are presented both on a statutory and an adjusted basis to aid comparability between periods.  The adjusted basis excludes exceptional items and amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition.

 

About Close Brothers

 

Close Brothers is a leading UK merchant banking group providing lending, deposit taking, wealth management services and securities trading.  We employ over 3,000 people, principally in the UK.  Close Brothers Group plc is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a member of the FTSE 250.

 

 

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

 

Close Brothers delivered another good result in the 2017 financial year, with profit growth in all three divisions.  Adjusted and statutory operating profit both increased 13% overall to £264.8 million (2016: £233.6 million) and £258.6 million (2016: £228.5 million) respectively.  Earnings per share were up 2% to 128.3p (2016: 125.7p), and up 3% to 131.7p (2016: 128.4p) on an adjusted basis, reflecting the first full-year impact of the bank corporation tax surcharge.  Return on opening equity has remained strong at 17.9% (2016: 18.9%).  The board proposes a full-year dividend of 60.0p (2016: 57.0p) per share, up 5% on last year, in line with our progressive dividend policy.

 

Profitability and Growth in the Lending Businesses

 

The UK economy remained relatively stable throughout the year.  Interest rates remained low, supporting continued low impairments, and the supply of credit remains abundant, with no change to the current highly competitive lending environment.

 

The Banking division achieved a good result for the year.  The loan book grew 7.0% to £6.9 billion (31 July 2016: £6.4 billion), reflecting the consistent application of our business model, as we prioritise margins and underwriting discipline over growth.  We have a diverse loan book, with some businesses growing faster than others at the current point in the cycle.  Both property and premium finance delivered good growth in the year, with asset and motor finance both broadly flat.

 

Adjusted operating profit increased to £243.5 million (2016: £223.0 million), up 9% compared to the prior year, with the net interest margin remaining strong at 8.1% (2016: 8.2%) and a low bad debt ratio of 0.6% (2016: 0.6%).  All three lending segments within the Banking division continued to perform well, consistent with their respective stages in the credit cycle.  Overall, we maintained a stable return on net loan book of 3.6% (2016: 3.6%).

 

In Retail Finance, we saw good growth in the premium finance business, following our investment in infrastructure and developing our broker and customer proposition.  The motor finance market remains highly competitive and there has been increased market focus on the growth in this market, particularly in finance for new cars through personal contract plans ("PCPs").  In this environment, we continue to prioritise our credit quality and margin, and PCPs remain a relatively small proportion of our loan book.

 

In Commercial Finance, the asset finance loan book remained flat in the period, but we achieved good growth in the invoice finance business and benefited from a recent acquisition of a specialist finance provider to the legal profession.

 

Property Finance had a particularly successful year, achieving strong growth in both operating profit and the loan book.  The business benefited from continued demand for residential property finance, particularly new build family homes.  It remains well positioned competitively, reflecting the specialised nature of our lending and our many years of experience in this market.  

 

Winterflood and Asset Management Benefit from Favourable Market Conditions

 

Overall, financial market conditions have remained favourable throughout the year and benefited both Winterflood and Asset Management.

 

Winterflood delivered a strong performance with operating profit up almost 50% to £28.1 million (2016: £19.0 million), benefiting from high levels of retail trading activity throughout the year.   There was only one loss day during the year.

 

Asset Management continued to make good progress, with adjusted operating profit of £17.4 million (2016: £14.4 million), up 21% on the prior year.  The business delivered good net inflows, reflecting continued demand for our integrated advice and investment management services.  

 

 Prudent Funding, Liquidity and Capital

 

The prudent management of our funding, liquidity and capital is a core part of our business model allowing us to grow, invest and pay a dividend, while meeting all regulatory requirements.  We have maintained good access to a diverse range of funding markets, and during the period we strengthened our funding and capital position through the issuance of a £250 million senior unsecured bond and £175 million of subordinated debt.

 

As previously announced in January 2017, during the year we absorbed a one-off increase in risk weighted assets following new guidance from the European Banking Authority.  As a result, our common equity tier 1 ("CET1") capital ratio reduced from 13.5% to 12.6%, but remains comfortably ahead of regulatory requirements.  Our leverage ratio, which is unaffected by risk weightings, remains very strong at over 10%.

 

Outlook

 

Although current market conditions remain stable overall, the longer-term economic outlook and impact of Brexit on our customers and wider markets remain uncertain.  Against this backdrop, we are fully committed to our proven business model and we remain confident in our ability to trade successfully through the cycle.

 

In Banking we remain focused on maintaining our underwriting discipline and strong margins.  The competitive environment remains challenging for some of our businesses, and we continue to monitor market conditions carefully for any change in demand or credit performance.

 

Winterflood's good performance has continued but as a daily trading business it remains sensitive to any change in trading conditions.

 

In Asset Management we have made further progress in the last year and remain focused on growing the business for the long-term.

 

Overall, while market conditions will clearly vary, our businesses remain well positioned.

 

 

OVERVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE

 

Key Financials

 

 

 

2017

£ million

     

2016

£ million

 

Change

%

Operating income

 

765.6

687.4

11

Adjusted operating expenses

 

(460.6)

(415.9)

11

Impairment losses on loans and advances

 

    (40.2)

(37.9)

6

Adjusted operating profit

 

264.8

233.6

13

Banking

 

243.5

223.0

9

   Retail Finance

 

78.9

79.1

(0)

   Commercial Finance

 

72.6

69.6

4

   Property Finance

 

92.0

74.3

24

Securities

 

28.1

19.0

48

Asset Management

 

17.4

14.4

21

Group

 

(24.2)

(22.8)

6

Amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition

 

(6.2)

(5.1)

22

Operating profit before tax

258.6

228.5

13

 

 

Adjusted basic earnings per share

 

131.7p

128.4p

3

Basic earnings per share

 

128.3p

125.7p

2

Dividend per share

 

60.0p

57.0p

5

Return on opening equity

 

17.9%

18.9%

 

             

 

Good Performance in the Year

 

Adjusted and statutory operating profit both increased 13% to £264.8 million (2016: £233.6 million) and £258.6 million (2016: £228.5 million) respectively, driven by income growth across all businesses and resulting in an operating margin of 35% (2016: 34%).

 

The Banking division continued to perform well, with adjusted operating profit up 9% to £243.5 million (2016: £223.0 million).  Winterflood delivered a strong result, with operating profit of £28.1 million (2016: £19.0 million), up 48% on the prior year.  Asset Management continued to progress well achieving good net inflows and benefiting from positive market conditions, with adjusted operating profit of £17.4 million (2016: £14.4 million).  Group net expenses, which include the central functions such as finance, legal and compliance, risk and human resources, were marginally higher at £24.2 million (2016: £22.8 million).

 

Operating income increased 11% to £765.6 million (2016: £687.4 million), with good income growth at strong net interest margin in the Banking businesses.  Income in both Securities and Asset Management was also higher, driven by improved trading and favourable market conditions.

 

Adjusted operating expenses increased 11% to £460.6 million (2016: £415.9 million).  Nearly half of the uplift relates to Banking, where we are investing to protect and improve our existing business model, and ensure our infrastructure is able to meet the evolving needs of the business.  Winterflood's variable costs also increased, reflecting improved trading performance compared to the prior year.  Overall, both the expense/income and compensation ratios were broadly stable at 60% (2016: 61%) and 37% (2016: 37%) respectively.

 

Bad debt remained low with a ratio of 0.6% (2016: 0.6%), benefiting from one-off provision releases of £7.5 million in the year, as well as continued strong underlying credit performance.

 

The tax charge in the period was £67.7 million (2016: £42.2 million), which corresponds to an effective tax rate of 26% (2016: 18%).  This is above the corporation tax rate of 20%, reflecting the first full-year impact of the bank corporation tax surcharge.  The prior year tax rate included a favourable one-off impact of the revaluation of deferred tax assets.

 

As a result, adjusted basic earnings per share ("EPS") increased 3% to 131.7p (2016: 128.4p), generating a strong return on opening equity ("RoE") of 17.9% (2016: 18.9%).  Basic EPS increased 2% to 128.3p (2016: 125.7p).

 

Results are presented on both a statutory and adjusted basis.  The adjusted basis excludes exceptional items and amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition.  Adjusted operating profit is reported on a basis consistent with prior periods and is used by management for internal management reporting purposes. Amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition of £6.2 million (2016: £5.1 million) is excluded from adjusted operating profit to present the performance of the group's acquired businesses consistent with its other businesses.  Exceptional items such as significant non-recurring items relating to acquisitions and disposals of businesses are excluded from adjusted operating profit as they are non-recurring and do not reflect the trading performance of the group.  There were no exceptional items in the current or prior period.                     

 

The board is proposing a final dividend per share of 40.0p (2016: 38.0p), resulting in a full-year dividend per share of 60.0p (2016: 57.0p), an increase of 5% on the prior year.  This reflects our progressive dividend policy, while maintaining a prudent level of dividend cover.  Subject to shareholder approval at the Annual General Meeting, the final dividend will be paid on 21 November 2017 to shareholders on the register at 13 October 2017.

 

Group Balance Sheet

 

 

31 July

2017

£ million

31 July

2016

£ million

Loans and advances to customers

 

6,884.7

6,431.6

Treasury assets1

 

1,029.0

1,048.4

Market-making assets2

 

643.4

576.9

Other assets

 

728.1

691.3

Total assets

 

9,285.2

8,748.2

Deposits by customers

 

5,113.1

4,894.6

Borrowings

 

2,041.2

1,938.3

Market-making liabilities2

 

556.9

505.6

Other liabilities

 

338.0

312.8

Total liabilities

 

8,049.2

7,651.3

Equity

 

1,236.0

1,096.9

Total liabilities and equity

 

9,285.2

8,748.2

1 Treasury assets comprise cash and balances at central banks and debt securities held to support lending in the Banking division.

2 Market-making assets and liabilities comprise settlement balances, long and short trading positions and loans to or from money brokers.

 

Our prudent approach to management of capital, funding and liquidity remains unchanged. This is reflected in our simple and transparent balance sheet, where the majority of assets and liabilities relate to our lending activities.  Assets are made up predominantly of loans and advances to customers, which are mostly secured and short-term with an average maturity of approximately 14 months. Also included in the balance sheet are treasury assets held for liquidity purposes, and settlement balances in our Securities division.  Other assets principally comprise intangibles, property, plant and equipment, and prepayments.  Liabilities are predominantly made up of customer deposits and both secured and unsecured borrowings to fund the loan book.

 

In the year, total assets increased by £537.0 million to £9.3 billion (31 July 2016: £8.7 billion), driven by an increase of £453.1 million in the loan book to £6.9 billion (31 July 2016: £6.4 billion).  Total liabilities increased £397.9 million to £8.0 billion (31 July 2016: £7.7 billion), driven predominantly by higher customer deposits.  Settlement balances also increased reflecting increased trading activity in Winterflood.  

 

Total equity increased to over £1.2 billion (31 July 2016: £1.1 billion), principally reflecting profit in the period, partially offset by dividend payments of £85.6 million.  The group's return on assets remained stable at 2.1% (31 July 2016: 2.1%).

 

Group Capital Position

 

 

31 July

2017

£ million

31 July

2016

£ million

Common equity tier 1 capital

 

990.6

901.4

Total capital

 

1,196.2

925.4

Risk weighted assets

 

7,859.0

6,682.5

 

 

 

 

Common equity tier 1 capital ratio

 

12.6%

13.5%

Total capital ratio

 

15.2%

13.8%

Leverage ratio

 

10.7%

10.2%

 

A prudent capital position is a core part of our business model and supports our ability to lend through the cycle.  The strong profitability of our business and resulting organic capital generation have allowed us to grow the loan book, pay a progressive dividend and invest in our business, while meeting increasing regulatory requirements in recent years.

 

In the year to 31 July 2017, we generated £89.2 million of capital, reflecting £191.2 million of profit in the year, dividends paid and foreseen of £89.3 million, and other movements in reserves and intangibles.  CET1 capital increased to £990.6 million (31 July 2016: £901.4 million).

 

Risk weighted assets increased 18% to £7.9 billion (31 July 2016: £6.7 billion), reflecting continued loan book growth and an increase in risk weighting of the property finance loan book.  This reflects new guidance from the European Banking Authority, which mandates the risk weighting of all property development loans at 150% under the standardised approach. 

 

As a result, the CET1 capital ratio reduced from 13.5% to 12.6%.  The total capital ratio increased to 15.2% (31 July 2016: 13.8%), reflecting the issue of £175 million of subordinated debt qualifying as tier 2 capital. 

 

These ratios reflect the conservative risk weighting of our loan book under the standardised approach, which is now over 90% despite the secured nature of our lending and long track record of strong credit performance.  We are in early discussions with the PRA with regards to a potential move to an Internal Ratings Based ("IRB") approach, which we believe would more accurately reflect the risk profile of our lending longer-term. 

 

Our leverage ratio, which is a transparent measure of capital strength not affected by risk weightings, remains very strong at 10.7% (31 July 2016: 10.2%).

 

Our capital ratios remain comfortably ahead of minimum regulatory requirements.  During the year, we received updated individual capital guidance from the PRA, confirming our total pillar 2 add-on at 1.9%, of which 56% or 1.1% needs to be met with CET1 capital.  The Bank of England also announced an increase in the counter-cyclical buffer for all UK banks to 0.5%, effective June 2018, and plans for a further increase to 1.0% effective November 2018.

 

This results in a fully loaded minimum CET1 capital requirement, effective 2019, of 9.1% with a total capital requirement of 13.4%.  Accordingly, we maintain good headroom of 350bps in our CET1 capital ratio, and 180bps in the total capital ratio, and our strong profitability gives us continued flexibility.

 

Group Funding1

 

 

31 July

2017

£ million

31 July

2016

£ million

Customer deposits

 

5,113.1

4,894.6

Secured funding2

 

1,297.3

1,296.3

Unsecured funding3

 

1,120.3

866.0

Equity

 

1,236.0

1,096.9

Total available funding

 

8,766.7

8,153.8

Of which term funding (>1 year)

 

4,766.2

4,315.7

 

 

 

 

Total funding as % of loan book

 

127%

127%

Term funding as % of loan book

 

69%

67%

Average maturity of term funding (excluding equity)

 

38 months

31 months

Average maturity of funding allocated to loan book4

 

21 months

19 months

 

 

 

 

1 Numbers relate to core funding and exclude working capital facilities at the business level.

2 Includes £97.5 million (31 July 2016: £nil) of Treasury Bills drawn under the Funding for Lending Scheme but not currently in repurchase agreements.

3 Unsecured funding excludes £16.1 million (2016: £21.0 million) of non-facility overdrafts included in borrowings and includes £295.0 million (2016: £245.0 million) of undrawn facilities.

4 Average maturity of total funding excluding equity and funding held for liquidity purposes.

 

The primary purpose of our treasury function is to manage funding and liquidity to support the lending businesses.  We maintain a conservative approach, with diverse funding sources and a prudent maturity profile.

 

Our funding remains diverse with a wide range of retail and corporate deposits, wholesale facilities, senior unsecured debt and most recently a subordinated debt issue.  Furthermore, we have a range of secured funding facilities including securitisations of our premium and motor finance loan books.  This diversity increases resilience by reducing reliance on any individual source of funding.

 

We also continue to have access to both the Funding for Lending and the Term Funding Schemes, although combined these represent only c.5% of our total funding.

 

The loan book growth in the year was funded by an increase in both wholesale funding and deposits.  Unsecured funding increased £254.3 million to £1.1 billion (31 July 2016: £0.9 billion), following the issuance of £250 million of senior unsecured debt and £175 million of subordinated debt.  These were partly offset by the maturity of a previous £200 million debt issue in February 2017.

 

Deposits increased 4% to £5.1 billion (31 July 2016: £4.9 billion), driven by an increase in corporate deposits which account for around two thirds of the deposit base.  As a result, total funding increased to £8.8 billion (31 July 2016: £8.2 billion) and accounted for 127% (31 July 2016: 127%) of the loan book.

 

Term funding, with a residual maturity over one year, increased significantly in the last year and now covers 69% (31 July 2016: 67%) of the loan book as a result of new debt issues and the renewal of wholesale facilities.  The average maturity of this term funding increased to 38 months (31 July 2016: 31 months), while the average maturity of funding allocated to the loan book was 21 months (31 July 2016: 19 months), reinforcing our "borrow long, lend short" approach.

 

The funding environment remains favourable and our average cost of funding reduced to 1.7% (2016: 2.0%). This reflects a lower base rate, with a corresponding reduction in deposit rates, and our continued pricing discipline.

 

In the year, both Moody's Investors Services ("Moody's") and Fitch Ratings ("Fitch") reaffirmed our credit ratings.  Moody's rates Close Brothers Group ("CBG") A3/P2 and Close Brothers Limited ("CBL") Aa3/P1, with stable outlook.  Fitch rates both CBG and CBL A/F1 with stable outlook. 

 

Group Liquidity 

 

 

31 July

2017

£ million

31 July

2016

£ million

Bank of England deposits

 

805.1

847.4

Sovereign and central bank debt

 

  43.6

-

High quality liquid assets1

 

848.7

847.4

Certificates of deposit

 

180.3

201.0

Treasury assets

 

1,029.0

1,048.4

1 In addition to and not included in the above, at 31 July 2017 the group held £97.5 million (31 July 2016: £nil) of Treasury Bills drawn under the Funding for Lending Scheme but not currently in repurchase agreements which are classified as high quality liquid assets.

 

The group maintains a strong liquidity position, ensuring it is comfortably ahead of both internal risk appetite and regulatory requirements.  The majority of our liquidity requirements and surplus funding are held in the form of high quality liquid assets.  We regularly assess and stress test our liquidity requirements and continue to comfortably meet the liquidity coverage ratio requirements under CRD IV.

 

Treasury assets were broadly stable at £1.0 billion (31 July 2016: £1.0 billion) and were predominantly held on deposit with the Bank of England.

 

IFRS 9

 

The provisions of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments will apply to the group for the year ended 31 July 2019.  The transition to IFRS 9 will fundamentally change the accounting for credit losses, moving from an "incurred" to an "expected" basis.  This requires the development of extensive models to estimate expected credit losses, taking into account both the composition of the loan book and macroeconomic outlook at each point in time.

 

Our preparation for the transition to IFRS 9 is progressing well.  We have completed our initial model build and will be conducting a parallel run for the duration of the current financial year, which will allow us to validate and refine models and assumptions ahead of implementation at 1 August 2018. 

 

The implementation of IFRS 9 will result in an initial increase in impairment provisions on the group's balance sheet, and may increase volatility in the income statement going forward.  We will provide further detail on the expected financial impact of the transition once we have sufficiently reliable estimates.  Further qualitative information on the provisions of IFRS 9 and progress towards implementation will be set out in the group's 2017 Annual Report and Accounts.

 

 

BUSINESS REVIEW

 

BANKING

 

Key Financials

 

 

2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Operating income

 

555.3

 511.2

9

Adjusted operating expenses

 

(271.6)

   (250.3)

9

Impairment losses on loans and advances

 

(40.2)

(37.9)

6

Adjusted operating profit

 

243.5

223.0

9

 

 

Net interest margin

 

8.1%

8.2%

 

Expense/income ratio

 

49%

49%

 

Bad debt ratio

 

0.6%

0.6%

 

Return on net loan book

 

3.6%

3.6%

 

Return on opening equity

 

23%

26%

 

Average loan book and operating lease assets

 

6,827.0

6,226.4

10

             

 

Good Financial Performance for the Full Year

 

Banking adjusted operating profit was up 9% to £243.5 million (2016: £223.0 million), driven by growth of 9% in operating income to £555.3 million (2016: £511.2 million) and continued low impairments.  Statutory operating profit also increased 9% to £242.6 million (2016: £222.5 million).  

 

The loan book grew 7.0% (2016: 12.1%) with strong growth in both the property finance and premium finance businesses.  The return on net loan book remained at 3.6% (2016: 3.6%) reflecting our disciplined approach to lending.

 

The net interest margin remained strong at 8.1% (2016: 8.2%), as we continue to prioritise margins across all of our businesses, despite significant competition in some of our markets.  A slight reduction in yield, attributable to business mix and ongoing price competition in the asset and motor finance businesses, was largely offset by lower cost of funds.

 

Adjusted operating expenses at £271.6 million (2016: £250.3 million) increased 9% year on year, in line with income.  Investment in infrastructure in premium finance and treasury, as well as new business initiatives across Retail Finance and Commercial Finance, account for nearly half of the uplift in costs.  Staff related expenses, which represent the majority of the cost base, also increased reflecting continued investment in both front office and support functions.  Despite this, both the expense/income and compensation ratios remained in line with last year, at 49% and 29% respectively. 

 

The bad debt ratio was stable on the prior year at 0.6% (2016: 0.6%), reflecting the ongoing benign credit environment and one-off provision releases of £7.5 million in the year.  The underlying bad debt ratio remained well below historical levels at 0.7%, and arrears across the businesses remain low.  

 

Return on opening equity remained strong at 23% (2016: 26%), despite the first full-year impact of the bank corporation tax surcharge.

 

Loan Book Analysis

 

31 July
2017

31 July
20161

Change

 

£ million

£ million

%

Retail Finance

2,702.8

2,511.0

7.6

Motor finance

1,761.9

1,704.8

3.3

Premium finance

940.9

806.2

16.7

Commercial Finance

2,552.6

2,463.4

3.6

Asset finance

2,017.0

2,020.0

(0.1)

Invoice finance

535.6

443.4

   20.8

Property Finance

1,629.3

1,457.2

11.8

Closing loan book

6,884.7

6,431.6

7.0

1 Minor differences compared to previously reported numbers at 31 July 2016 reflect re-presentation relating to the transfers of the rentals loan book of £15.1 million from asset finance into invoice finance, and the consumer point of sale loan book of £35.7 million from motor finance into premium finance, in line with internal management reporting.

 

We consider growth to be an output of our business model.  The diversity of our loan book provides resilience to changes in demand and competition, with diverging growth rates across our businesses at different points in the cycle.  The loan book growth of 7.0% in the year to £6.9 billion (31 July 2016: £6.4 billion) was driven predominantly by property and premium finance, both of which have been resilient to competitive pressure. Invoice finance also grew strongly and benefited from a small acquisition in the period.  Motor and asset finance were broadly flat, as we prioritise our strict lending criteria in the face of continued competition in these markets.

 

We continue to see good growth in the Irish market, where we provide motor, premium, asset and invoice finance. Ireland now accounts for c.10% of the overall Banking loan book and continues to support growth, particularly in the motor and asset finance businesses.

 

Banking: Retail Finance

 

2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Operating income

222.4

204.6

9

Adjusted operating expenses

(117.7)

(107.7)

9

Impairment losses on loans and advances

(25.8)

(17.8)

45

Adjusted operating profit

78.9

79.1

(0)

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

8.5%

8.6%

 

Expense/income ratio

53%

53%

 

Bad debt ratio

1.0%

0.7%

 

Average loan book

2,606.9

2,388.5

9

 

Retail Finance provides intermediated finance, principally to individuals, through motor dealers, insurance brokers and retailers and incorporates our premium and motor finance businesses.

 

The Retail Finance loan book grew 8% to £2.7 billion (31 July 2016: £2.5 billion).  Premium finance accounted for most of this increase with new broker wins, increasing volumes from existing brokers and premium inflation all contributing to loan book growth of 17% to £0.9 billion (31 July 2016: £0.8 billion).  Premium finance continues to be well positioned competitively, benefiting from the multi-year investment programme in its infrastructure aimed at improving both broker and end customer experience.   

 

Motor finance delivered modest growth of 3% in the year, with the loan book currently at £1.8 billion (31 July 2016: £1.7 billion) and most of the growth coming from Ireland.  The UK motor finance market remains highly competitive and we continue to prioritise margin and credit quality. 

 

There has been increased market focus on growth in consumer credit and the motor finance industry, in particular the recent strong growth in new car sales and PCP products.  Our core product is hire-purchase contracts for second hand vehicles, with PCP being a relatively new offering and accounting for only c.15% of the motor finance loan book at 31 July 2017.  We apply the same prudent and consistent underwriting in PCP products as in the rest of our lending, with conservative loan to value ratios, typically ranging from 75% to 85%.  Overall, we believe our business is well positioned but we continue to monitor developments carefully.    

 

Overall, adjusted operating profit for the Retail Finance segment of £78.9 million (2016: £79.1 million) was broadly in line with the prior year.  Statutory operating profit was also broadly flat at £78.5 million (2016: £78.8 million).

 

Operating income was up 9% year on year at £222.4 million (2016: £204.6 million) with the net interest margin broadly stable at 8.5% (2016: 8.6%). 

 

Adjusted operating expenses increased 9%, in line with income growth, to £117.7 million (2016: £107.7 million), as our multi-year investment in infrastructure in the premium finance business continues.  During 2017 we also initiated an investment programme in our motor finance business, in order to improve the service proposition, streamline operational processes and improve sales effectiveness.  Despite this investment, the expense/income ratio remained in line with the prior year at 53% (2016: 53%).

 

The bad debt ratio of 1.0% (2016: 0.7%) was higher than the prior year, reflecting increases in both motor and premium finance relative to the exceptionally low bad debts in the prior year.  Overall, we remain comfortable with the credit quality in both businesses. 

 

Retail Finance remains well positioned long-term.  In motor finance, we are focused on protecting our margins and maintaining credit quality, while in premium finance we continue to invest to further improve business performance.

 

Banking: Commercial Finance

 

  2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Operating income

213.3

202.3

5

Adjusted operating expenses

(125.2)

(116.2)

8

Impairment losses on loans and advances

(15.5)

(16.5)

(6)

Adjusted operating profit

72.6

69.6

4

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

8.0%

8.2%

 

Expense/income ratio

59%

57%

 

Bad debt ratio

0.6%

0.7%

 

Average loan book and operating leases

2,676.8

2,459.8

9

 

Commercial Finance focuses on specialist, secured lending principally to the SME market and includes the asset and invoice finance businesses.

 

The asset finance loan book remained flat in the year, reflecting strong competition from both new and existing lenders, as we focus on protecting the margin at the current point in the cycle.  Overall, the Commercial Finance loan book increased 4% to £2.6 billion (31 July 2016: £2.5 billion), driven by growth in invoice finance as well as the acquisition of Novitas Loans, a specialist provider of finance to the legal profession, which completed in the second half of the year and contributed £38.2 million to the loan book growth.

 

Adjusted operating profit of £72.6 million (2016: £69.6 million) was up 4%, driven by good income and lower bad debt.  Statutory operating profit also increased 4% to £72.1 million (2016: £69.4 million).

 

Operating income of £213.3 million (2016: £202.3 million) was 5% higher than the prior year, reflecting loan book growth.  Despite ongoing pricing pressure in the asset finance market, we have maintained a strong net interest margin of 8.0% (2016: 8.2%), which remains ahead of the industry.

 

Cost growth was slightly ahead of income growth for the year at £125.2 million (2016: £116.2 million), driven by ongoing investment in new initiatives.  These include the launch of our technology services business, where we offer financing solutions for IT infrastructure, the expansion of our asset finance offering into Germany, where we have recently obtained regulatory approval to operate, and the acquisition of Novitas Loans.  As a result the expense/income ratio increased slightly to 59% (2016: 57%).

 

The bad debt ratio reduced marginally to 0.6% (2016: 0.7%), with continued good credit performance, as the credit environment remains benign and we maintain our strict lending criteria.

 

Overall, Commercial Finance performed well in a challenging competitive environment.  Our focus remains on protecting the margin and maintaining our prudent underwriting to ensure sustainability of the business through the cycle.

 

Banking: Property Finance

 

    2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Operating income

119.6

104.3

15

Operating expenses

(28.7)

(26.4)

9

Impairment losses on loans and advances

1.1

(3.6)

 

Operating profit

92.0

74.3

24

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

               7.7%

7.6%

 

Expense/income ratio

24%

25%

 

Bad debt ratio

(0.1%)

0.3%

 

Average loan book

1,543.3

1,378.1

12

 

Property Finance is focused on specialist residential development finance to established professional developers in the UK.  We do not lend to the buy-to-let sector, or provide residential or commercial mortgages. 

 

The Property Finance segment had a very successful year, delivering growth of 24% in profits and 12% in loan book, which is now at £1.6 billion (31 July 2016: £1.5 billion). This was driven by solid demand for residential property development finance and low impairments.  Our long track record, expertise and quality of service ensure the business remains resilient to competitive pressures and continues to generate high levels of repeat business.  London and the South East represent c.70% of the loan book, and we concentrate on new build family homes, where structural demand remains strong.  We also continue to successfully expand into selected regional locations across the UK. 

 

The business delivered an operating profit of £92.0 million (2016: £74.3 million), with an improved net interest margin of 7.7% (2016: 7.6%).  Provision releases relating to a number of legacy properties also contributed to the higher profit.  As a result, the bad debt ratio of (0.1%) (2016: 0.3%) represents a net recovery in the period, with underlying credit quality also remaining strong.     

 

Operating expenses of £28.7 million (2016: £26.4 million) were up 9%, and the expense/income ratio remained low at 24% (2016: 25%), reflecting the lower operational requirements of the business with larger transaction sizes at lower volumes.

 

Our long track record of successful lending in property finance through the cycle is based on the same principles of prudent underwriting and margin prioritisation as in all of our businesses.  We lend at consistently low loan to value ratios, which reflect our conservative approach to lending, and remain confident in the resilience and quality of our business.  

 

Well Positioned to Lend Through the Cycle

 

Overall, our Banking division remains well positioned for the future and we remain confident in our ability to lend in a wide range of market conditions.  Although some of our businesses continue to operate in highly competitive environments, the overall portfolio benefits from the diversity of the businesses and their differing growth profiles through the cycle.  Our focus remains on protecting our margins, maintaining our prudent underwriting and investing to improve and extend the model in new and existing markets. 

 

 

SECURITIES

 

Key Financials

 

2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Operating income

106.7

82.31

30

Operating expenses

(78.6)

(63.3)

24

Operating profit

28.1

19.01

48

 

 

 

 

Bargains per day

65k

52k

26

Operating margin

26%

23%

 

Return on opening equity

29%

21%

 

1 2016 operating income and operating profit include £3.8 million and £1.9 million respectively relating to the disposal of Euroclear shares.

 

Strong Results in Favourable Market Conditions

 

Winterflood, the leading UK market-maker, achieved a significant improvement in performance over the year, maximising revenue opportunities in a favourable market environment. 

 

The business benefited from rising markets and political and market events, which attracted higher levels of retail investor trading activity.  Operating income increased 30% to £106.7 million (2016: £82.3 million), reflecting higher income across all trading sectors and particularly in AIM and investment trusts.

 

Average daily bargains increased 26% to 65,286 (2016: 51,864), reflecting the increased trading activity.  Winterflood incurred only one loss day (2016: 17), notwithstanding periods of increased market volatility, demonstrating the expertise of its traders.

 

Operating expenses increased 24%, reflecting higher variable costs as a result of improved trading performance, as well as higher settlement fees, reflecting increased trading activity.  Winterflood Business Services, which provides outsourced dealing, custody and settlement services to institutional clients, also invested in a new platform and increased its headcount to support its growing client base.  The expense/income ratio reduced to 74% (2016: 77%), reflecting higher revenues, while the compensation ratio remained flat at 48% (2016: 48%).

 

Overall, Winterflood's operating profit increased 48% to £28.1 million (2016: £19.0 million). 

 

Well Positioned in a Range of Market Conditions

 

Winterflood has a long track record of providing continuous liquidity and trading profitably in a wide range of market conditions.  The trading environment since the year end has remained favourable but Winterflood remains sensitive to changes in market sentiment and in particular retail investor activity.

 

 

ASSET MANAGEMENT

 

Key Financials

 

 

2017

£ million

2016

£ million

Change

%

Investment management

 

63.7

57.4

11

Advice and other services1

 

37.1

32.1

16

Other income

 

2.1

2.8

(25)

Operating income

 

102.9

92.3

11

Adjusted operating expenses

 

(85.5)

(77.9)

10

Adjusted operating profit

 

17.4

14.4

21

 

 

Revenue margin (bps)

 

96

86

 

Operating margin

 

17%

16%

 

Return on opening equity

 

26%

25%

 

1 Income from advice and self-directed services, excluding investment management income.

 

Good Progress in the Year

 

Asset Management made further progress in the year, delivering strong net inflows and higher profit, benefiting from favourable market conditions and continued good demand for our integrated advice and investment management services.

 

The division delivered £17.4 million (2016: £14.4 million) adjusted operating profit with positive net flows of £757 million (31 July 2016: £508 million), or 9% (2016: 6%) of opening managed assets.  Statutory operating profit increased 23% to £12.1 million (2016: £9.8 million).

 

Operating income increased 11% to £102.9 million (2016: £92.3 million), driven by higher client assets from both net inflows and rising markets.  The revenue margin increased to 96bps (2016: 86bps) following the disposal of our corporate business in 2016. 

 

Adjusted operating expenses increased 10% to £85.5 million (2016: £77.9 million), although the expense/income ratio reduced to 83% (2016: 84%).  Growth in expenses was predominantly driven by staff costs, as headcount increased by 12% reflecting our decision to grow the number of advisers through both hiring and acquisitions to support long-term growth.  The compensation ratio increased slightly, to 55% (2016: 54%), reflecting the higher headcount and increased variable compensation.

 

In the year we disposed of OLIM Investment Managers ("OLIM"), which contributed £2.3 million (2016: £2.5 million) of income and £1.9 million (2016: £0.9 million) operating profit for the year, including a £1.6 million profit on disposal.

 

Excluding OLIM, and the corporate business sold in 2016, the adjusted operating profit increased 36% to £15.5 million (2016: £11.4 million), with an underlying operating margin of 15% (2016: 13%).  The underlying revenue margin increased to 97bps (2016: 93bps) reflecting the higher proportion of managed assets within our integrated wealth management offering.

 

Net Inflows Across all Channels  

 

Following modest  growth in the first half, market conditions and net inflows improved significantly in the second, resulting in 11% growth in managed assets to £8.9 billion (31 July 2016: £8.0 billion).  For the full year, organic net inflows increased 49% to £757 million, with strong flows from our own advisers and investment managers, and through third party IFAs.  Positive market movements contributed a further £588 million, more than offsetting the sale of OLIM, which had £492 million of managed assets at the time of disposal.

 

During 2017, we also completed acquisitions of EOS Wealth Management and Adrian Smith & Partners. The two high net worth independent financial advisory businesses strengthen our presence in London and the Midlands, adding c.£450 million of advised client assets and over 800 new clients.

 

As a result, advised assets under third party management increased by 22% to £2.3 billion (31 July 2016: £1.9 billion), bringing total client assets to £11.2 billion (31 July 2016: £9.9 billion), an increase of 13% over the year.

 

Movement in Client Assets

 

 

31 July

2017

£ million

 

31 July

2016

£ million

Opening managed assets

8,047

7,996

Inflows

1,884

1,238

Outflows

(1,127)

(730)

Net inflows

757

508

Market movements

588

196

Disposals

(492)

(653)

Total managed assets

8,900

8,047

Advised only assets

2,257

1,854

Total client assets1

11,157

9,901

Net flows as % of opening managed assets

9%

6%

1 Total client assets include £3.7 billion (31 July 2016: £3.0 billion) of assets that are both advised and managed.

 

 

 

Solid Fund Performance 

 

We provide an integrated wealth management offering, combining financial planning advice and investment management, directly to private clients through our own advisers.  We also offer our investment management solutions to third party advisers and through our bespoke portfolio managers.  Our investment strategy focuses on delivering long-term returns to clients using a conservative, collaborative approach tailored to an individual client's risk profile. 

 

Our funds and segregated bespoke portfolios are designed to provide attractive risk adjusted returns for our clients in line with their long-term goals and investment objectives.  Over the 12 month period to 30 June 2017, all our funds and segregated strategies have delivered positive risk adjusted returns.  Relative to their peer group, 8 of our 13 unitised funds have outperformed their respective Investment Association sectors. Our segregated bespoke portfolios have all outperformed their ARC peer group average returns over the same period.

 

Well Positioned for Future Growth

 

During the year we successfully completed the migration of client accounts onto a single technology platform, which allows us to consolidate custody, trading and administration, improve client experience and create operating efficiencies.  In addition, we are looking at ways to optimise our adviser productivity, while continuing to provide excellent service to our clients.

 

We continue to see significant long-term growth potential for this business and remain well positioned to benefit from continuing high demand for our integrated advice and investment management services, through organic inflows, select hiring of advisers and investment managers, and incremental acquisitions.

 

 

DEFINITIONS

 

Adjusted: Adjusted measures are used to increase comparability between periods and exclude amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition, and any exceptional items

 

Bad debt ratio: Impairment losses as a percentage of average net loans and advances to customers and operating lease assets

 

Compensation ratio: Total staff costs as a percentage of operating income

 

Dividend per share ("DPS"): Comprises the final dividend proposed for the respective year together with the interim dividend declared and paid in the year

 

Earnings per share ("EPS"): Profit attributable to shareholders divided by number of basic shares

 

Effective tax rate: Tax on operating profit/(loss) as a percentage of operating profit/(loss) ordinary activities before tax

 

Expense/income ratio: Total adjusted operating expenses divided by operating income

 

Funding allocated to loan book: Total funding excluding equity and funding held for liquidity purposes

 

Funding % loan book: Total funding divided by net loans and advances to customers

 

High quality liquid assets ("HQLAs"): Assets which qualify for regulatory liquidity purposes, including Bank of England deposits and sovereign and central bank debt, including funds drawn under the Funding for Lending Scheme

 

Leverage ratio: Tier 1 capital as a percentage of total balance sheet assets, adjusted for certain capital deductions, including intangible assets, and off balance sheet exposures

 

Liquidity coverage ratio: Measure of the group's HQLAs as a percentage of expected net cash outflows over the next 30 days in a stressed scenario

 

Loan to value ratio ("LTV"): For a secured loan, the loan balance as a percentage of the total value of the asset

 

Net interest margin ("NIM"): Net income generated by lending activities, including net interest income, net fees and commissions and net operating lease income less depreciation on operating lease assets, divided by average net loans and advances to customers and operating lease assets

 

Operating margin: Adjusted operating profit divided by operating income

 

Return on net loan book ("RoNLB"): Adjusted operating profit from lending activities divided by average net loans and advances to customers and operating lease assets

 

Return on opening equity ("RoE"): Adjusted operating profit after tax and non-controlling interests divided by opening equity, excluding non-controlling interests

 

Revenue margin: Income from advice, investment management and related services divided by average total client assets

 

Term funding: Funding with a remaining maturity greater than 12 months

 

 

Consolidated Income Statement

for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

2017 

2016 

                                                                                                                Note

£ million 

£ million 

Interest income

 

578.9 

550.1 

Interest expense

 

(117.3)

(127.5)

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

461.6 

422.6 

 

 

 

 

Fee and commission income

 

206.5 

189.2 

Fee and commission expense

 

(29.0)

(28.5)

Gains less losses arising from dealing in securities

 

94.2 

67.9 

Other income

 

57.3 

55.8 

Depreciation of operating lease assets

10

(25.0)

(19.6)

 

 

 

 

Non-interest income

 

304.0 

264.8 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

765.6 

687.4 

 

 

 

 

Administrative expenses

 

(460.6)

(415.9)

Impairment losses on loans and advances

6

(40.2)

(37.9)

Total operating expenses before amortisation of intangible

   assets on acquisition

 

 

(500.8)

 

(453.8)

Operating profit before amortisation of intangible assets

   on acquisition

 

 

264.8 

 

233.6 

Amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition

9

(6.2)

(5.1)

 

 

 

 

Operating profit before tax

 

258.6 

228.5 

Tax

3

(67.7)

(42.2)

 

 

 

 

Profit after tax

 

190.9 

186.3 

Profit attributable to non-controlling interests

 

(0.3)

(0.2)

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

191.2 

186.5 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

4

128.3p

125.7p

Diluted earnings per share

4

127.5p

124.3p

 

 

 

 

Interim dividend per share paid

5

20.0p

19.0p

Final dividend per share

5

40.0p

38.0p

 

 

Consolidated Statement of COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Profit after tax

190.9 

186.3 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income/(expense) that may be

 

 

   reclassified to income statement

 

 

Currency translation gains

0.4 

3.2 

Gains/(losses) on cash flow hedging

4.7 

(6.1)

Gains on financial instruments classified as available for sale:

 

 

   Sovereign and central bank debt

0.7 

   Equity shares

0.2 

   Contingent consideration

0.3 

Available for sale investment gains transferred to income statement on disposal

(4.2)

Tax relating to items that may be reclassified

(2.3)

0.9 

 

 

3.8 

 

(6.0)

Other comprehensive income/(expense) that will not be reclassified to

   income statement

 

 

Defined benefit pension scheme gains/(losses)

2.7 

(1.9)

Tax relating to items that will not be reclassified

(0.5)

0.3 

 

 

2.2 

 

(1.6)

 

Other comprehensive income/(expense), net of tax

 

6.0 

 

(7.6)

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

196.9 

178.7 

 

 

 

Attributable to

 

 

Non-controlling interests

(0.3)

(0.2)

Shareholders

197.2 

178.9 

 

 

 

 

196.9 

178.7 

       

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet

at 31 July 2017

 

 

2017

2016

Note

£ million

£ million

Assets      

 

 

 

Cash and balances at central banks

 

805.1 

847.4 

Settlement balances

 

546.7 

478.1 

Loans and advances to banks

 

99.8 

121.5 

Loans and advances to customers

6

6,884.7 

6,431.6 

Debt securities

7

240.1 

221.3 

Equity shares

8

32.7 

28.2 

Loans to money brokers against stock advanced

 

48.6 

52.4 

Derivative financial instruments

 

27.0 

44.7 

Intangible assets

9

191.7 

147.9 

Property, plant and equipment

10

202.7 

185.8 

Deferred tax assets

 

47.4 

55.2 

Prepayments, accrued income and other assets

 

158.7 

134.1 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

9,285.2 

8,748.2 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Settlement balances and short positions

11

552.6 

475.6 

Deposits by banks

12

72.0 

71.1 

Deposits by customers

12

5,113.1 

4,894.6 

Loans and overdrafts from banks

12

330.9 

469.1 

Debt securities in issue

12

1,489.6 

1,422.8 

Loans from money brokers against stock advanced

 

4.3 

30.0 

Derivative financial instruments

 

11.5 

16.3 

Current tax liabilities

 

21.4 

20.0 

Accruals, deferred income and other liabilities

 

233.1 

205.4 

Subordinated loan capital

 

220.7 

46.4 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

8,049.2 

7,651.3 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Called up share capital

13

38.0 

37.7 

Share premium account

 

307.8 

284.0 

Retained earnings

 

906.6 

797.5 

Other reserves

 

(15.9)

(22.1)

 

 

 

 

Total shareholders' equity

 

1,236.5 

1,097.1 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

(0.5)

(0.2)

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

1,236.0 

1,096.9 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

9,285.2 

8,748.2 

 

 

COnsolidated Statement of CHANGES IN EQUITY

for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

 

 

Other reserves

 

 

 

 

Called up

share

capital

 

Share premium account

 

 

Retained earnings

Available

for sale movements reserve

Share-based

payments

reserve

 

Exchange movements reserve

Cash

flow hedging reserve

Total attributable to equity holders

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

Total equity

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 1 August 2015

37.7

284.0

694.4 

3.3 

(4.5)

(2.8)

(2.3)

1,009.8 

0.1 

1,009.9 

Profit for the year

-

-

186.5 

186.5 

(0.2)

186.3 

Other comprehensive

   (expense)/income

 

-

 

-

 

(1.6)

 

(3.3)

 

 

1.7 

 

(4.4)

 

(7.6)

 

 

(7.6)

Total comprehensive

   income/(expense)

   for the year

 -

 -

 184.9 

 (3.3)

 - 

 1.7 

 (4.4)

 178.9 

 (0.2)

  178.7 

Exercise of options

-

-

Dividends paid

-

-

(80.3)

(80.3)

(80.3)

Shares purchased

-

-

(24.4)

(24.4)

(24.4)

Shares issued

-

-

Shares released

-

-

12.8 

12.8 

12.8 

Other movements

-

-

(2.5)

1.8 

(0.7)

(0.1)

(0.8)

Income tax

-

-

1.0 

1.0 

1.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

37.7

284.0

797.5 

(14.3)

(1.1)

   (6.7)

1,097.1 

(0.2)

1,096.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

-

-

191.2 

191.2 

(0.3)

190.9 

Other comprehensive

   income/(expense)

 

-

 

-

 

2.2 

 

0.7 

 

 

(0.4)

 

3.5 

 

6.0 

 

 

6.0 

Total comprehensive

   income/(expense)

   for the year

 

 -

 

 -

 

 193.4 

 

 0.7 

 

 - 

 

 (0.4)

 

 3.5 

 

 197.2 

 

 (0.3)

 

 196.9 

Exercise of options

-

0.1

0.1 

0.1 

Dividends paid

-

-

(85.6)

(85.6)

(85.6)

Shares purchased

-

-

(12.7)

(12.7)

(12.7)

Shares issued

0.3

23.7

24.0 

24.0 

Shares released

-

-

15.8 

15.8 

15.8 

Other movements

-

-

0.2 

(0.7)

(0.5)

(0.5)

Income tax

-

-

1.1 

1.1 

1.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

38.0

307.8

906.6 

0.7 

(11.9)

(1.5)

(3.2)

1,236.5 

(0.5)

1,236.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

 

 

 Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

 for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

 

2017

2016

 

Note

£ million

£ million

Net cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities  

14(a)

120.0  

(18.8) 

 

 

 

 

Net cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities

 

 

 

Purchase of:

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

(7.1)

(13.6)

Intangible assets - software

 

(33.1)

(21.7)

Subsidiaries and non-controlling interest                                                 

14(b)

(6.3)

(3.6)

Sale of:

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

0.1 

Equity shares held for investment

 

1.3 

7.6 

Subsidiary                                                                                    

14(c)

(0.3)

2.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(45.5)

(28.9)

 

 

 

 

Net cash inflow/(outflow) before financing activities

 

74.5 

(47.7)

 

 

 

 

Financing activities                                                                             

14(d)

 

 

Purchase of own shares for employee share award schemes

 

(12.7)

(24.4)

Equity dividends paid

 

(85.6)

(80.3)

Interest paid on subordinated loan capital and debt financing

 

(13.6)

(28.0)

Redemption of group bond

 

(200.0)

-  

Issuance of subordinated loan capital, net of transaction costs

 

173.7 

- 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash

 

(63.7)

(180.4)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

923.3 

1,103.7 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year     

14(e)

859.6 

923.3 

 

 

 

THE NOTES

 

1.     Basis of preparation and accounting policies

The financial information contained in this announcement does not constitute the statutory accounts for the years ended 31 July 2017 or 31 July 2016 within the meaning of section 435 of the Companies Act 2006, but is derived from those accounts. The accounting policies used are consistent with those set out in the Annual Report 2016.

 

The financial statements are prepared on a going concern basis. 

 

Whilst the financial information has been prepared in accordance with the recognition and measurement criteria of International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS"), this announcement does not itself contain sufficient information to comply with IFRS.  The company expects to publish full financial statements that comply with IFRS by 2 October 2017.

 

The financial information for the year ended 31 July 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements of Close Brothers Group plc for that year.  Statutory accounts for 2016 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies and those for 2017 will be delivered following the company's Annual General Meeting. The auditor, Deloitte LLP, has reported on those accounts: their report was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not contain statements under Section 498(2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

 

2. Segmental analysis

The directors manage the group by class of business and we present the segmental analysis on that basis. As announced on 20 February 2017, following the growth of the group and particularly the Banking division in recent years, the group's activities are now presented in five (2016: three) operating segments: Commercial Finance, Retail Finance, Property Finance (previously all Banking), Securities and Asset Management. The day-to-day operations of these businesses remain unchanged. Prior periods have been re-presented for comparability.

 

In the segmental reporting information that follows, Group consists of central functions as well as various non-trading head office companies and consolidation adjustments and is presented in order that the information presented reconciles to the consolidated income statement. The Group balance sheet primarily includes treasury assets and liabilities comprising cash and balances at central banks, debt securities, customer deposits and other borrowings.  

 

Divisions continue to charge market prices for the limited services rendered to other parts of the group. Funding charges between segments take into account commercial demands. More than 90% of the group's activities, revenue and assets are located in the UK.

 

 

Summary Income Statement for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail

Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

 

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

 

Net interest

   income/(expense)

 

195.9 

 

146.4 

 

119.8 

 

(0.9)

 

(0.1)

 

0.5 

 

461.6 

Non-interest income

26.5 

66.9 

(0.2)

107.6 

103.0 

0.2 

304.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

222.4 

213.3 

119.6 

106.7 

102.9 

0.7 

765.6 

Administrative

   expenses

 

(106.7)

 

(117.4)

 

(24.9)

 

(76.7)

 

(83.7)

 

(24.9)

 

(434.3)

Depreciation and

   amortisation

 

(11.0)

 

(7.8)

 

(3.8)

 

(1.9)

 

(1.8)

 

 

(26.3)

Impairment losses on

   loans and advances

 

(25.8)

 

(15.5)

 

1.1 

 

 

 

 

(40.2)

Total operating

   expenses

 

(143.5)

 

(140.7)

 

(27.6)

 

(78.6)

 

(85.5)

 

(24.9)

 

(500.8)

Adjusted operating

   profit/(loss)1

 

78.9 

 

72.6 

 

92.0 

 

28.1 

 

17.4 

 

(24.2)

 

264.8 

Amortisation of

   intangible assets on

   acquisition

 

 

(0.4)

 

 

(0.5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5.3)

 

 

 

 

(6.2)

Operating profit/(loss)

   before tax

 

78.5 

 

72.1 

 

92.0 

 

28.1 

 

12.1 

 

(24.2)

 

258.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External operating

   income/(expense)

 

266.2 

 

260.9 

 

141.8 

 

106.7 

 

103.2 

 

(113.2)

 

765.6 

Inter segment operating

   (expense)/income

 

(43.8)

 

(47.6)

 

(22.2)

 

 

(0.3)

 

113.9 

 

Segment operating

   income

 

222.4 

 

213.3 

 

119.6 

 

106.7 

 

102.9 

 

0.7 

 

765.6 

                                   

1  Adjusted operating profit/(loss) is stated before amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition and tax.

 

Balance Sheet Information at 31 July 2017

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

Retail Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group2

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Total assets1

2,702.8

2,730.4

1,629.3

699.5

113.2

1,410.0

9,285.2

Total liabilities

-

-

-

628.8

57.7

7,362.7

8,049.2

                 

1  Total assets for the Banking operating segments comprise the loan book and operating lease assets only.

2  Balance sheet includes £1,402.7 million assets and £7,490.9 million liabilities attributable to the Banking division primarily

    comprising the treasury balances described in the second paragraph of this note. 

 

 

Equity is allocated across the group as set out below with equity managed for the Banking division as a whole rather than on a segmental basis. Equity for the Banking division is inclusive of the loan book and operating lease assets of £7,062.5 million, as well as assets and liabilities of £1,402.7 million and £7,490.9 million respectively primarily comprising treasury balances which are included within the Group column above.

 

 

Banking

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Equity

974.3

70.7

55.5

135.5

1,236.0

 

Other segmental information for the year ended 31 July 2017

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

Retail Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

Employees

 (average number)1

 

1,055

 

1,013

 

139

 

246

 

600

 

61

 

3,114

                 

 

1  Banking segments are inclusive of a central function headcount allocation.

 

Summary Income Statement for the year ended 31 July 2016

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retail

Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

 

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

 

Net interest

   income/(expense)

 

181.1 

 

139.2 

 

101.9 

 

(0.6)

 

0.4 

 

0.6 

 

422.6 

Non-interest income

23.5 

63.1 

2.4 

82.9 

91.9 

1.0 

264.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

204.6 

202.3 

104.3 

82.3 

92.3 

1.6 

687.4 

Administrative

   expenses

 

(95.5)

 

(110.3)

 

(23.9)

 

(61.7)

 

(75.9)

 

(24.2)

 

(391.5)

Depreciation and

   amortisation

 

(12.2)

 

(5.9)

 

(2.5)

 

(1.6)

 

(2.0)

 

(0.2)

 

(24.4)

Impairment losses on

   loans and advances

 

(17.8)

 

(16.5)

 

(3.6)

 

 

 

 

(37.9)

Total operating

   expenses

 

(125.5)

 

(132.7)

 

(30.0)

 

(63.3)

 

(77.9)

 

(24.4)

 

(453.8)

Adjusted operating

   profit/(loss)1

 

79.1 

 

69.6 

 

74.3 

 

19.0 

 

14.4 

 

(22.8)

 

233.6 

Amortisation of intangible

   assets on acquisition

 

(0.3)

 

(0.2)

 

 

 

(4.6)

 

 

(5.1)

Operating profit/(loss)

   before tax

 

78.8 

 

69.4 

 

74.3 

 

19.0 

 

9.8 

 

(22.8)

 

228.5 

External operating

   income/(expense)

 

251.9 

 

272.1 

 

128.3 

 

82.3 

 

92.9 

 

(140.1)

 

687.4 

Inter segment operating

   (expense)/income

 

(47.3)

 

(69.8)

 

(24.0)

 

 

(0.6)

 

141.7 

 

Segment operating

   income

 

204.6 

 

202.3 

 

104.3 

 

82.3 

 

92.3 

 

1.6 

 

687.4 

                                     

1  Adjusted operating profit/(loss) is stated before amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition and tax.

 

Balance Sheet Information at 31 July 2016

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

Retail Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group2

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Total assets1

2,511.0

2,623.2

1,457.2

647.5

104.8

1,404.5

8,748.2 

Total liabilities

-

-

-

577.8

49.1

7,024.4

7,651.3 

                 

1  Total assets for the Banking operating segments comprise the loan book and operating lease assets only.

2  Balance sheet includes £1,400.0 million assets and £7,198.2 million liabilities attributable to the Banking division primarily

    comprising the treasury balances described in the second paragraph of this note. 

 

 

Banking

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Equity1

793.2

69.7

55.7

178.3

1,096.9

1  Equity for the Banking division is inclusive of the loan book and operating lease assets of £6,591.4 million, as well as assets and liabilities of £1,400.0 million and £7,198.2 million respectively primarily comprising treasury balances which are included within the Group column.

 

Other segmental information for the year ended 31 July 2016

 

 

Banking

 

 

 

 

 

Retail Finance

Commercial Finance

Property Finance

 

Securities

Asset Management

 

Group

 

Total

Employees

 (average number)1

 

986

 

959

 

132

 

238

 

570

 

61

 

2,946

                 

1  Banking segments are inclusive of a central function headcount allocation.

 

3. Taxation

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Tax charged/(credited) to the income statement

 

 

Current tax:

 

 

UK corporation tax

64.8 

56.5 

Foreign tax

2.1 

2.5 

Adjustments in respect of previous years

(0.6)

(1.1)

 

66.3 

57.9 

Deferred tax:

 

 

Deferred tax charge/(credit) for the current year

0.5 

(16.5)

Adjustments in respect of previous years

0.9 

0.8 

 

 

 

 

67.7 

42.2 

 

 

 

Tax on items not charged/(credited) to the income statement

 

 

Current tax relating to:

 

 

Financial instruments classified as available for sale

 0.2 

Share-based payments

(1.0)

(2.1)

Deferred tax relating to:

 

 

Cash flow hedging

1.2 

(1.7)

Defined benefit pension scheme

0.5 

(0.3)

Financial instruments classified as available for sale

0.1 

(0.7)

Share-based payments

(0.1)

1.1 

Currency translation gains

0.8 

1.5 

 

 

 

 

1.7 

(2.2)

 

 

 

Reconciliation to tax expense

 

 

UK corporation tax for the year at 19.7% (2016: 20.0%) on operating profit

50.9 

45.7 

Gain on sale of subsidiaries and available for sale investment

(0.3)

(0.5)

Effect of different tax rates in other jurisdictions

(0.4)

(0.6)

Disallowable items and other permanent differences

0.9 

1.5 

Banking surcharge

14.2 

8.2 

Deferred tax impact of decreased/(increased) tax rates

2.1 

(11.8)

Prior year tax provision

0.3 

(0.3)

 

 

 

 

67.7 

42.2 

 

The standard UK corporation tax rate for the financial year is 19.7% (2016: 20.0%). However, an additional 8% surcharge applies to banking company profits as defined in legislation. The effective tax rate of 26.2% (2016: 18.5%) is above the UK corporation tax rate primarily due to the surcharge applying to most of the group's profits and a write down of deferred tax assets due to a 1% cut in the standard corporation tax rate applying from April 2020, which was passed into law in the period.

  

Movements in deferred tax assets and liabilities were as follows:

 

 

Capital

allowances

 

 

Pension scheme

Share-based payments and deferred compensation

 

Available for sale assets

 

Cash flow hedging

 

 

Intangible assets

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

Total

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 1 August 2015

33.1 

(0.6)

10.2 

(0.7)

0.6 

(3.6)

0.4 

39.4 

Credit to the income

   statement

 

13.3 

 

 

1.1 

 

 

 

1.0 

 

0.3 

 

15.7 

(Charge)/credit to other

   comprehensive income

 

(1.5)

 

0.3 

 

 

0.7 

 

1.7 

 

 

- 

 

1.2 

Charge to equity

(1.1)

(1.1)

Acquisitions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

44.9 

(0.3)

10.2 

2.3 

(2.6)

0.7 

55.2 

(Charge)/credit to the

   income statement

 

(1.5)

 

 

(0.8)

 

 

 

1.1 

 

(0.2)

 

(1.4)

Charge to other

   comprehensive income

 

(0.8)

 

(0.5)

 

 

(0.1)

 

(1.2)

 

 

 

(2.6)

Credit to equity

0.1 

0.1 

Acquisitions

(3.9)

(3.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

42.6 

(0.8)

9.5 

(0.1)

1.1 

(5.4)

0.5 

47.4 

                   

 

As the group has been and is expected to continue to be consistently profitable, it is appropriate to recognise the

full deferred tax assets.

 

4. Earnings per share

The calculation of basic earnings per share is based on the profit attributable to shareholders and the number of basic weighted average shares. When calculating the diluted earnings per share, the weighted average number of shares in issue is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive share options and awards.

 

 

2017

2016

Basic

128.3p

125.7p

Diluted

127.5p

124.3p

Adjusted basic1

131.7p

128.4p

Adjusted diluted1

130.8p

127.0p

 

1  Excludes amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition and their tax effects.

 

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Profit attributable to shareholders

191.2 

186.5

Adjustments:

 

 

Amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition

6.2 

5.1 

Tax effect of adjustments

(1.2)

(1.0)

 

 

 

Adjusted profit attributable to shareholders

196.2 

190.6 

 

 

2017

2016

 

million

million

Average number of shares

 

 

Basic weighted

149.0

148.4 

Effect of dilutive share options and awards

1.0

1.7 

 

 

Diluted weighted

150.0

150.1 

 

5. Dividends

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

For each ordinary share

 

 

Final dividend for previous financial year paid in November 2016: 38.0p

   (2015: 35.5p)

 

56.0

 

52.3 

Interim dividend for current financial year paid in April 2017: 20.0p

   (2016: 19.0p)

 

29.6

 

28.0 

 

 

 

 

85.6

80.3 

 

A final dividend relating to the year ended 31 July 2017 of 40.0p, amounting to an estimated £59.8 million, is proposed. This final dividend, which is due to be paid on 21 November 2017 to shareholders on the register at 13 October 2017, is not reflected in these financial statements.

 

6. Loans and advances to customers 

 

 

 

On

demand

 

 

Within three months

Between three

months and

one year

 

 

Between one and two years

 

 

Between two and five years

 

 

After more than five years

 

 

 

Impairment provisions

 

 

 

 

Total

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 31 July 2017

59.3

1,914.3

2,115.2

1,340.7

1,431.6

76.0

(52.4)

6,884.7

At 31 July 2016

58.1

1,746.0

2,014.4

1,279.3

1,328.2

65.3

(59.7)

6,431.6

 

 

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Impairment provisions on loans and advances to customers

 

 

At 1 August

59.7 

56.1 

Charge for the year

40.2 

37.9 

Amounts written off net of recoveries

(47.5)

(34.3)

 

 

 

At 31 July

52.4 

59.7 

 

 

 

Loans and advances to customers comprise

 

 

Hire purchase agreement receivables

2,842.9 

2,782.4 

Finance lease receivables

418.9 

440.1 

Other loans and advances

3,622.9 

3,209.1 

 

 

 

At 31 July

6,884.7 

6,431.6 

 

At 31 July 2017, gross impaired loans were £135.8 million (31 July 2016: £158.5 million) and equate to 2% (31 July 2016: 2%) of the gross loan book before impairment provisions. The majority of the group's lending is secured and therefore the gross impaired loans quoted do not reflect the expected loss.

  

7. Debt securities

 

Held for trading

Available for sale

Loans and receivables

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Long trading positions in debt securities

16.2

-

-

16.2

Certificates of deposit

-

-

180.3

180.3

Sovereign and central bank debt

-

43.6

-

43.6

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

16.2

43.6

180.3

240.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Held for trading

Available

for sale

Loans and receivables

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Long trading positions in debt securities

20.3

-

-

20.3

Certificates of deposit

-

-

201.0

201.0

Sovereign and central bank debt

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

20.3

-

201.0

221.3

 

Movements on the book value of sovereign and central bank debt comprise:

 

 

 

 

 

£ million

At 1 August 2015

 

 

 

20.1 

Additions

 

 

 

Redemptions at maturity

 

 

 

(20.0)

Currency translation differences

 

 

 

Movement in value

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additions

 

 

 

41.6 

Redemptions at maturity

 

 

 

Currency translation differences

 

 

 

1.7 

Movement in value

 

 

 

0.3 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

 

 

 

43.6 

 

8. Equity shares

 

31 July

31 July

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Long trading positions

31.9

26.1

Other equity shares

0.8

2.1

 

 

 

 

32.7

28.2

 

Movements on the book value of other equity shares comprise:

 

 

 

Available

for sale

Fair value through

profit or loss

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 1 August 2015

10.0 

0.1 

10.1 

Disposals

(7.7)

(7.7)

Currency translation differences

0.4 

0.4 

Movement in value of:

 

 

 

Equity shares classified as available for sale

(0.7)

(0.7)

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

2.0 

0.1 

2.1 

 

 

 

 

Disposals

(1.3)

(0.1)

(1.4)

Currency translation differences

0.1 

0.1 

Movement in value of:

 

 

 

Equity shares classified as available for sale

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

0.8 

0.8 

  

9. Intangible assets

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

Software

Intangible assets on acquisition

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Cost

 

 

 

 

At 1 August 2015

146.0 

81.0 

43.9 

270.9 

Additions

1.7 

24.1 

0.4 

26.2 

Disposals

(6.9)

(0.5)

(7.4)

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

140.8 

104.6 

44.3 

289.7 

Additions

16.9 

31.1 

22.7 

70.7 

Disposals

(7.0)

(4.1)

(11.1)

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

150.7 

131.6 

67.0 

349.3 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation and impairment

 

 

 

 

At 1 August 2015

61.8 

42.2 

22.7 

126.7 

Amortisation charge for the year

17.2 

5.1 

22.3 

Disposals

(6.9)

(0.3)

(7.2)

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

54.9 

59.1 

27.8 

141.8 

Amortisation charge for the year

17.2 

6.2 

23.4 

Disposals

(7.0)

(0.6)

(7.6)

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

47.9 

75.7 

34.0 

157.6 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 July 2017

102.8 

55.9 

33.0 

191.7 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 July 2016

85.9 

45.5 

16.5 

147.9 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 1 August 2015

84.2 

38.8 

21.2 

144.2 

 

Additions in goodwill in 2017 of £12.1 million, £3.9 million and £0.9 million and intangible assets on acquisition of £15.9 million, £5.1 million and £1.7 million relate to the 100% acquisitions of Novitas Loans Limited ("Novitas"), EOS Wealth Management Limited ("EOS") and Adrian Smith & Partners Limited ("ASPL") respectively. Novitas is a specialist provider of secured finance to law firms and their clients and EOS and ASPL are independent financial advisers. Additions in goodwill in 2016 of £1.7 million and intangible assets on acquisition of £0.4 million relates to the 100% acquisition of Finance for Industry Group. These acquisitions are not regarded as material in the context of the group's financial statements and therefore information required for material acquisitions by IFRS 3 has not been disclosed.

 

The £7.0 million disposal of goodwill in 2017 relates to the sale of Asset Management's OLIM Limited business. The £6.9 million disposal of goodwill in 2016 relates to the sale of Asset Management's corporate advice and investment management activities. 

 

Intangible assets on acquisition relate to broker and customer relationships and are amortised over a period of eight to 20 years.

 

In the 2017 financial year, £6.2 million (2016: £5.1 million) of the amortisation charge is included in amortisation of intangible assets on acquisition and £17.2 million (2016: £17.2 million) of the amortisation charge is included in administrative expenses shown in the consolidated income statement.

 

10. Property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

Leasehold

property

 

Fixtures,

fittings and

equipment

Assets

held under

operating

leases

 

 

Motor

vehicles

 

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Cost

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 August 2015

17.4 

34.6 

165.1 

0.8 

217.9 

Additions

4.3 

9.2 

61.6 

0.1 

75.2 

Disposals

(0.2)

(3.6)

(25.3)

(0.5)

(29.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

21.5 

40.2 

201.4 

0.4 

263.5 

Additions

1.6 

5.4 

56.2 

63.2 

Disposals

(0.7)

(0.5)

(26.8)

(0.1)

(28.1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

22.4 

45.1 

230.8 

0.3 

298.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 August 2015

7.2 

23.7 

38.1 

0.5 

69.5 

Charge for the year

2.5 

4.6 

19.6 

0.1 

26.8 

Disposals

(2.2)

(16.1)

(0.3)

(18.6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

9.7 

26.1 

41.6 

0.3 

77.7 

Charge for the year

2.0 

7.1 

25.0 

34.1 

Disposals

(0.6)

(1.5)

(13.6)

(0.2)

(15.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

11.1 

31.7 

53.0 

0.1 

95.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 July 2017

11.3 

13.4 

177.8 

0.2 

202.7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 31 July 2016

11.8 

14.1 

159.8 

0.1 

185.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value at 1 August 2015

10.2 

10.9 

127.0 

0.3 

148.4 

 

The loss from the sale of assets held under operating leases for the year ended 31 July 2017 was £0.1 million (2016: £0.1 million gain).

 

11. Settlement balances and short positions

 

31 July

31 July

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

Settlement balances

524.9 

456.3 

Short positions held for trading:

 

 

Debt securities

11.5 

5.8 

Equity shares

16.2 

 13.5 

 

27.7 

19.3 

 

 

 

 

552.6 

475.6 

 

12. Financial liabilities

 

 

On demand

Within three

months

Between three months and one year

Between

one and

two years

Between two and five years

After

more than

five years

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Deposits by banks

18.4

15.4

37.5

0.7

-

-

72.0

Deposits by customers

123.4

956.6

2,528.2

991.3

513.6

-

5,113.1

Loans and overdrafts

   from banks

 

12.3

 

74.9

 

-

 

20.5

 

223.2

 

-

 

330.9

Debt securities in issue

13.6

22.8

108.4

516.0

540.9

287.9

1,489.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2017

167.7

1,069.7

2,674.1

1,528.5

1,277.7

287.9

7,005.6

                 

 

 

 

On demand

Within three

months

Between

three months and one year

Between

one and

two years

Between

two and

five years

After

more than

five years

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

Deposits by banks

31.9

1.9

26.5

10.1

0.7

-

71.1

Deposits by customers

130.8

918.0

2,117.3

1,233.4

495.1

-

4,894.6

Loans and overdrafts

   from banks

 

11.0

 

207.8

 

160.1

 

90.2

 

-

 

-

 

469.1

Debt securities in issue

30.2

7.1

557.1

201.5

589.1

37.8

1,422.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31 July 2016

203.9

1,134.8

2,861.0

1,535.2

1,084.9

37.8

6,857.6

                 

 

The group has accessed £224.4 million (31 July 2016: £nil) cash under the Term Funding Scheme and £197.5 million (31 July 2016: £451.0 million) UK Treasury Bills under the Funding for Lending Scheme. The UK Treasury Bills are not recorded on the group's consolidated balance sheet as ownership remains with the Bank of England. £197.5 million (31 July 2016: £451.0 million) UK Treasury Bills have been drawn under the Funding for Lending Scheme, of which £100.0 million (31 July 2016: £451.0 million) have been lent in exchange for cash. Cash from the repurchase agreements and Term Funding Scheme is included within bank loans and overdrafts. Residual maturities of the repurchase agreements and Term Funding Scheme are as follows:

 

 

 

On demand

Within three

months

Between

three months and one year

Between

one and

two years

Between

two and

five years

After

more than

five years

 

 

Total

 

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

£ million

At 31 July 2017

1.2

69.9

-

20.5

223.2

-

314.8

At 31 July 2016

-

197.8

160.1

90.2

-

-

448.1

                 

 

13. Capital

At 31 July 2017, the group's common equity tier 1 ("CET1") capital ratio was 12.6% (31 July 2016: 13.5%). CET1 capital increased to £990.6 million (31 July 2016: £901.4 million) primarily due to growth in profit attributable to shareholders.  The increase in share capital in connection with the acquisition of Novitas Loans Limited ("Novitas") has been broadly offset by a deduction for goodwill recognised as part of the transaction.

 

Risk weighted assets increased to £7,859.0 million (31 July 2016: £6,682.5 million) as a result of growth in credit and counterparty risk associated with the loan book and due to European Banking Authority ("EBA") guidance which mandates 150% risk weighting for property development loans.  Notional risk weighted assets for operational risk also increased reflecting increased performance over recent years. 

 

During the year, the group issued £175 million of tier 2 capital. This changed the composition of capital with 82.8% (31 July 2016: 97.4%) of the total capital consisting of CET1 capital.

 

 

31 July

31 July

 

 2017

 2016

 

£ million

£ million

CET1 capital

 

 

Called up share capital

38.0 

37.7 

Share premium account

307.8 

284.0 

Retained earnings

906.6 

797.5 

Other reserves recognised for CET1 capital

21.4 

21.8 

Deductions from CET1 capital

 

 

Intangible assets, net of associated deferred tax liabilities

(186.3)

(145.3)

Foreseeable dividend1

(59.8)

(56.1)

Investment in own shares

(34.1)

(37.2)

Pension asset, net of associated deferred tax liabilities

(2.8)

(0.9)

Prudent valuation adjustment

(0.2)

(0.1)

 

 

 

CET1 capital

990.6 

901.4 

 

 

 

Tier 2 capital - subordinated debt2

205.6 

24.0 

 

 

 

Total regulatory capital

1,196.2 

925.4 

 

 

 

Risk weighted assets (notional) - unaudited

 

 

Credit and counterparty credit risk

6,967.6 

5,824.9 

Operational risk3

806.8 

784.9 

Market risk3

84.6 

72.7 

 

 

 

 

7,859.0 

6,682.5 

 

 

 

CET1 capital ratio

12.6%

13.5%

Total capital ratio

15.2%

13.8%

1  Under the Regulatory Technical Standard on own funds, a deduction has been recognised at 31 July 2017 and 31 July 2016 for a foreseeable dividend being the proposed final dividend as set out in note 5.

2  Shown after applying the Capital Requirements Regulations transitional and qualifying own funds arrangements.

3  Operational and market risk include a notional adjustment at 8% in order to determine notional risk weighted assets.

 

The following table shows a reconciliation between equity and CET1 capital after deductions:

 

31 July

31 July

 

 2017

 2016

 

£ million

£ million

Equity

1,236.0 

1,096.9 

Regulatory deductions from equity:

 

 

Intangible assets, net of associated deferred tax liabilities

(186.3)

(145.3)

Foreseeable dividend1

(59.8)

(56.1)

Pension asset, net of associated deferred tax liabilities

(2.8)

(0.9)

Prudent valuation adjustment

(0.2)

(0.1)

Other reserves not recognised for CET1 capital:

 

 

Cash flow hedging reserve

3.2 

6.7 

Non-controlling interests

0.5 

0.2 

 

 

 

CET1 capital

990.6 

901.4 

1  Under the Regulatory Technical Standard on own funds, a deduction has been recognised at 31 July 2017 and 31 July 2016 for a foreseeable dividend being the proposed final dividend as set out in note 5.

 

The following table shows the movement in CET1 capital during the year:

 

 

 

£ million

CET1 capital at 31 July 2016

 

901.4 

Profit in the period attributable to shareholders

 

191.2 

Shares issued in the period

 

24.1 

Dividends paid and foreseen

 

(89.3)

Increase in intangible assets, net of associated deferred tax liabilities

 

(41.0)

Other movements in reserves recognised for CET1 capital

 

6.2 

Other movements in deductions from CET1 capital

 

(2.0)

 

 

 

CET1 capital at 31 July 2017

 

990.6 

 

14. Consolidated cash flow statement reconciliation

 

31 July

31 July

 

2017

2016

 

£ million

£ million

(a)

Reconciliation of operating profit before tax to net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

Operating profit before tax

258.6 

228.5 

Tax paid

(63.6)

(53.7)

Depreciation and amortisation

57.5 

49.1 

(Increase)/decrease in:

 

 

Interest receivable and prepaid expenses

(18.1)

(16.0)

Net settlement balances and trading positions

6.7 

(9.7)

Net loans to/from money brokers against stock advanced

(21.9)

16.0 

Interest payable and accrued expenses

19.1 

3.2 

 

 

 

Net cash inflow from trading activities

238.3 

217.4 

Decrease/(increase) in:

 

 

Loans and advances to banks not repayable on demand

0.3 

(26.7)

Loans and advances to customers

(453.1)

(693.8)

Assets let under operating leases

(43.2)

(51.9)

Certificates of deposit

20.7 

(85.7)

Sovereign and central bank debt

(44.5)

20.0 

Other assets less other liabilities

22.5 

28.9 

Increase/(decrease) in:

 

 

Deposits by banks

0.9 

36.0 

Deposits by customers

218.5 

413.2 

Loans and overdrafts from banks

(138.2)

87.9 

Issuance of debt securities, net of transaction costs

297.8 

35.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)

Analysis of net cash outflow in respect of the purchase of

subsidiaries and non-controlling interests

 

 

Cash consideration paid

(6.3)

(3.6)

 

 

 

 

(c)

Analysis of net cash (outflow)/inflow in respect of the sale of a subsidiary

 

 

Cash consideration received

0.3 

2.4 

Cash and cash equivalents disposed of

(0.6)

(0.1)

 

 

 

 

 

(0.3)

2.3 

 

 

 

 

(d)

Analysis of changes in financing activities

 

 

Share capital (including premium), group bond and subordinated

   loan capital1:

 

 

Opening balance

566.6 

566.6 

Redemption of group bond

(200.0)

Issuance of subordinated loan capital, net of transaction costs

173.7 

- 

 

 

 

 

 

540.3 

566.6 

 

 

 

 

(e)

Analysis of cash and cash equivalents2

 

 

Cash and balances at central banks

798.2 

840.6 

Loans and advances to banks repayable on demand

61.4 

82.7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

859.6 

923.3 

             

1     Excludes accrued interest.

2     Excludes Bank of England cash reserve account, amounts held as collateral and settlement money held in accordance with Financial Conduct Authority Client Asset Rules. 

 

 

Cautionary statement

Certain statements included or incorporated by reference within this preliminary results announcement may constitute "forward-looking statements" in respect of the group's operations, performance, prospects and/or financial condition.  Forward-looking statements are sometimes, but not always, identified by their use of a date in the future or such words as "anticipates", "aims", "due", "could", "may", "will", "should", "expects", "believes", "intends", "plans", "potential", "targets", "goal" or "estimates".  By their nature, forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions and actual results or events may differ materially from those expressed or implied by those statements.  Accordingly, no assurance can be given that any particular expectation will be met and reliance should not be placed on any forward-looking statement. Additionally, forward-looking statements regarding past trends or activities should not be taken as a representation that such trends or activities will continue in the future.  No responsibility or obligation is accepted to update or revise any forward-looking statement resulting from new information, future events or otherwise.  Nothing in this preliminary results announcement should be construed as a profit forecast.  Past performance is no guide to future performance and persons needing advice should consult an independent financial adviser.

 

This preliminary results announcement does not constitute or form part of any offer or invitation to sell, or any solicitation of any offer to subscribe for or purchase any shares or other securities in the company or any of its group members, nor shall it or any part of it or the fact of its distribution form the basis of, or be relied on in connection with, any contract or commitment or investment decisions relating thereto, nor does it constitute a recommendation regarding the shares or other securities of the company or any of its group members.  Past performance cannot be relied upon as a guide to future performance and persons needing advice should consult an independent financial adviser.  Statements in this preliminary results announcement reflect the knowledge and information available at the time of its preparation.  Liability arising from anything in this preliminary results announcement shall be governed by English law.  Nothing in this preliminary results announcement shall exclude any liability under applicable laws that cannot be excluded in accordance with such laws.

 

 


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Preliminary results for year ended 31 July 2017 - RNS